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THE    SOCIETY  OF  WRITERS    TO 
HER  MAJESTY'S  SIG^N^ET 


A  HISTORY  OF 


THE    SOCIETY    OF    WRITERS    TO 


HER  MAJESTY'S  SIGNET 

WITH    A    LIST    OF    THE    MEMBERS    OF    THE 


SOCIETY    FROM    1594   TO    1890   AND 


AN   ABSTRACT   OF  THE    MINUTES 


EDINBURGH 

Printed    for   the    Society   at   the    University   Press 
By  T.  (Sf  A.  Constable,  Printers  to  Her  Majesty 

1890 


LOAN  STACK 


KG(9 
S3S&5 


PREFACE 

On  7th  February  1887  a  committee  was  appointed  to  examine 
the  records  with  a  view  to  preparing  a  short  historical  account 
of  the  society,  and  was  further  authorised  to  prepare  a  hst  of  all 
past  and  present  members,  with  information  as  to  the  date  of 
their  joining  the  society,  the  length  of  their  connection  with  it,  and 
any  other  particulars  of  interest.  The  committee  appoiated  con- 
sisted of  Messrs.  John  Clerk  Brodie,  C.B.,  LL.D.,  late  deputy 
keeper,  Charles  B.  Logan,  fiscal,  now  deputy  keeper,  John  T. 
Mowbray,  LL.D.,  treasurer,  John  Cowan,  present  fiscal,  James  Stuart 
Fraser  Tytler,  LL.D.,  professor  of  conveyancing,  John  Cook,  col- 
lector of  the  widows'  fund,  Thomas  Graves  Law,  librarian,  William 
Forbes  Skene,  D.C.L.,  LL.D.,  James  Gordon,  John  Milligan,  WiUlam 
Traquair  Dickson,  John  P.  Wood,  Patrick  W.  Campbell,  Charles 
Cook,  J.  W.  Fraser  Tytler,  and  Francis  J.  Grant.  Mr.  Campbell 
was  appointed  convener. 

The  work  then  undertaken  has  now  been  completed,  and  the 
thanks  of  the  committee  are  due  to  Professor  Fraser  Tytler,  Mr.  W. 
Traquair  Dickson,  Mr.  Charles  Cook,  and  Mr.  T.  G.  Law,  for  their 
labours  in  connection  with  the  work,  and  to  Mr.  F.  J.  Grant, 
who  has  prepared  the  lists  of  office-bearers  and  members,  and  the 
index. 

November  1890. 


327 


TABLE     OF    CONTENTS 


I,  HISTORICAL  INTRODUCTION- 

1.  History  of  the  Society, 

2.  The  Library,    . 

3.  The  Finances,  . 

4.  The  Widows'  Fund, 

5.  The  Chair  of  Conveyancing, 

XL  LIST  OF  MEMBERS,   . 

III.  LIST  OF  OFFICE-BEARERS, . 

IV.  ABSTRACT  OF  MINUTES,     . 


iz 

Ixvi 

Ixxxvi 

xcvii 

cvii 

1 

223 

229 


APPENDIX, 
INDEX, 


455 
461 


ILLUSTRATIONS 


Writers'  Court,    . 
Lower  Hall, 
Upper  Hall, 
The  Tymmer  Box, 


fadng  p.  xliv 
„  Ixxii 
,,  Ixxvi 
„      cxxvi 


HISTORICAL    mTRODUOTION 


THE    SOCIETY    OF    WRITEES    TO 
HER  MAJESTY'S  SIGNET 


CHAPTEE    I. 
HISTOEY  OF  THE  SOCIETY. 


rpHE  Society  of  Writers  to  Her  Majesty's  Signet  is  an  ancient 
-*-  and  honourable  branch  of  the  legal  profession  in  Scotland. 
Long  prior  to  the  establishment  of  the  court  of  session  in 
1532,  the  "wrytaris  or  clerkis  to  the  signet"  existed  as  a 
society,  and  they  have  formed  part  of  the  coUege  of  justice  since 
its  foundation. 

The  members  of  the  society  hold  office  under  commission  from 
the  keeper  of  the  signet,  an  officer  of  the  crown,  who  is  head  of 
the  society.  The  keeper  usually  acts  by  deputy  ;  that  is,  by  a  deputy 
keeper  and  a  body  of  commissioners  appointed  by  the  keeper  from 
among  the  members  of  the  society.  To  the  deputy  keeper  and  com- 
missioners are  intrusted  the  making  of  all  acts  and  statutes  for 
the  good  of  the  calling,  the  examination  and  admission  of  intrants, 
the  trial  and  punishment  of  delinquent  members,  and  the  general 
administration  of  the  aifairs  of  the  society. 

The  writers  to  the  signet  are  at  the  present  time  ordinarily 
employed  as  conveyancers,  as  agents  practising  in  the  court  of 
session,  as  commissioners  and  factors  on  landed  estates,  and  as 
confidential  family  "men  of  business,"  or  legal  advisers.  But 
in  virtue    of  their  original    profession,   from  which    they    derive 

b 


X  THE  SOCIETY   OF  WEITEES  TO  THE   SIGNET 

their  title,  it  is  still  their  exclusive  office  to  sign  all  writs 
passing  the  signet,  except  those  requiring  the  signature  of  a  clerk 
of  the  court  of  session  or  of  the  clerk  of  teinds.  They  have 
also  exclusively  the  right  of  expeding  and  carrying  through  crown 
writs,  and  of  subscribing  all  notes,  writs,  and  other  documents 
relating  thereto. 

As  members  of  the  college  of  justice,  writers  to  the  signet 
of  a  certain  standing  are  eligible,  along  with  members  of  the 
faculty  of  advocates,  for  the  office  of  principal  clerk  of  session, 
and,  moreover,  are  by  the  treaty  of  union  eligible  for  the  bench. 

A  society  long  and  intimately  connected  Avith  the  procedure 
of  the  crown  and  the  courts  of  law,  and  not  a  little  concerned 
with  the  development  of  wealth  and  of  liberal  education  in  the 
country,  should  possess  a  record  of  interest  at  least  to  its  own 
members.  It  is  the  object  of  the  following  pages  to  trace  the 
origin  and  progress  of  the  profession  which  has  given  to  the  society 
its  distinctive  name,  to  describe  the  various  duties  and  privileges 
which  have  accrued  to  the  body  in  the  course  of  time,  and  to  tell 
the  history  of  its  funds  and  its  library,  and  its  connection  with 
the  university  of  Edinburgh  and  other  public  institutions. 

Origin  of  society.  The   precise    origin   of  the    society  known   as   the   writers  to 

Use  o  se    .  -j^qj.  majesty's  signet  cannot  be  clearly  ascertained,  but  was  doubt- 

less nearly  coeval  with  the  use  of  the  royal  seal  or  signet  as 
the  token  of  authority  appended  or  affixed  to  documents  issued 
in  the  name  of  the  king.  This  custom  was  seemingly  borrowed 
from  the  French,  and  the  earliest  tmces  of  it  in  Scotland  date 
from  a  period  some  years  after  the  Norman  conquest  of  England. 
As  is  well  known,  before  the  art  of  writing  became  common, 
seals  were  used  by  both  the  king  and  his  subjects  as  the  sign  by 
which  they  authenticated  the  various  documents  which  passed 
between  them  and  those  with  whom  they  dealt  either  in  the 
affairs  of  state  or  in  those  of  private  life.     Not  only  writs  passing 


HISTOllY   OF   THE   SOCIETY  xi 

between  sovereigns,  but  those  used  in  commercial  or  private 
business  were  sealed ;  and  even  in  ecclesiastical  transactions, 
although  the  clergy  were  the  chief  scribes,  seals  were  used  in 
place  of,  or  in  addition  to,  written  subscriptions. 

For  the  purposes  of  state,   from  a  comparatively  early  peiiod  Koyai  seals  used 
of  Scottish  history  four  seals  were  used.     These  were  : 

First,  The  great  seal,  which,  so  far  as  records  inform  us,  appears 
to  have  been  the  earliest  in  use.  It  was  used  for  authenticating 
royal  grants  of  land  in  the  form  of  charters  and  confirmations 
of  dispositions  by  subjects.  It  was  also  adhibited  to  protections, 
summonses  of  treason,  decrees  of  forfeiture  by  parHament  and 
similar  writs.  From  the  time  of  king  David  i.  it  was  vinder 
the  care  of  the  king's  chancellor. 

Second,  The  quarter  seal,  known  also  as  "  the  testimony 
of  the  gTeat  seal,"  frequently  appended  to  precepts  from  chanceiy 
for  infefting  crown  vassals  in  their  lands,  also  to  commissions  and 
similar  writs,  which  were  likewise  issued  under  the  great  seal.  It 
does  not  appear  to  have  been  used  much  before  the  reign  of  king 
James  iv. 

Third,  The  privy  SEAL,  found  in  use  in  the  reign  of  king 
David  II.,  and  probably  of  earlier  date.  It  was  attached  to  writs 
affecting  persons,  such  as  presentation  to  benefices,  remissions  for 
crime,  gifts  of  escheat,  etc.  It  also  was  under  the  care  of  a 
special  officer,  known  as  lord  privy  seal. 

Fourth,  The  sionet,  probably  at  first  the  king's  own  seal,  worn 
on  his  finger,  and  adhibited  by  himself  to  his  correspondence 
and  other  documents  of  a  private  nature.  It  came  to  be  used , 
in  more  public  matters,  and  for  documents  authorising  writs  to 
be  passed  imder  the  other  seals.  This  seal  was  consigned  to  the 
care  of  a  particular  ofiicer  of  state  known  as  the  secretary  or  lord 
secretary. 

It  is  from  the  last-named   seal  that  the  society  takes  its  dis-  Office  of  secretary : 
tinctive    appellation,    and    its    earlier    members   were    those    who  writers  to  the  signet. 


xii  THE   SOCIETY   OF  WEITEKS   TO   THE  SIGNET 

acted  as  clei'ks  in  the  office  of  the  king's  secretary.  This  officer 
was  not,  like  his  successors  of  later  times,  merely  a  secretary  of 
state  intrusted  with  political  and  executive  business.  He  was 
the  king's  right  hand  at  the  pen,  the  issuer  of  the  royal  manuscript 
authority,  whether  for  the  ends  of  state  policy,  for  transactions  of 
law,  or  for  private  purposes.  His  clerks  were  engaged  in  conducting 
the  public  and  private  correspondence  of  the  sovereign,  and,  as 
the  signet  was  the  badge  of  the  secretary's  office,  his  assistants 
came  to  be  styled,  and  are  styled  in  early  records,  "  wryttaris  to 
the  king's  singnet." 
Their  duties.  But  the  work  of  the  writers  to  the  king's  signet  was  not 
confined  to  dealing  with  the  royal  correspondence,  however  im- ' 
portant  that  might  be.  It  was  their  duty  to  prepare  all  warrants 
for  charters  or  grants  to  be  passed  under  either  the  great  seal  or 
the  privy  seal,  such  warrants  being  called  from  an  early  period 
"  signatures,"  because  they  bore  the  signet  of  the  king.  In 
later  times  the  clerks  of  the  signet  signed  summonses  and  other 
writs  pertaining  to  the  supreme  court  of  justice,  which  affected 
the  person  or  estate  of  any  of  the  king's  lieges.  All  such  documents 
ran  in  the  form  of  letters  from  the  king,  and  were  addressed,  in  the 
case  of  signatures,  to  the  chancellor  or  lord  privy  seal,  and  in  the 
other  cases,  to  officers  of  the  law,  or  to  faithful  subjects.  In  this 
form  all  such  writs  were  authenticated  by  the  signet,  and  it  became 
the  exclusive  privilege  of  the  members  of  the  society  to  prepare  or 
sign  them. 
A. D.  1532.  Before    1532   the    signet  alone   was    the    mark   of   the   king's 

authority,  but  after  that  date  the  writer  was  required  to  sign  the 
writ,  not  to  add  weight  to  the  royal  signet,  but  to  make  him  in- 
dividually responsible  to  the  king  for  the  use  of  it.  When 
application  was  made  by  a  subject  for  the  issue  of  a  writ  against  a 
fellow-subject  for  the  recovery  of  a  debt,  or  for  the  redress  of  a 
wrong,  a  writer  to  the  signet,  acting  as  the  king's  deputy, 
made   due    inquiry   as   to   the  justice    or    reasonableness    of  the 


HISTORY  OF  THE  SOCIETY  xiii 

demand.  If  he  then  deemed  it  proper,  he  issued  the  required 
letters  in  the  king's  name,  and  passed  them  under  the  signet, 
a  privilege  confined  to  the  members  of  this  society.  The  functions 
of  a  writer  to  the  signet  were  therefore  in  early  times  entirely  of 
an  official  nature,  and  so  continued  down  to  the  beginning  of  last 
century. 

It  will  be  evident,  however,  from  what  has  been  said,  that  this  Early  notices 
society  can  claim  a  very  ancient  descent.  The  earliest  recorded  °  ^  *'^^ ' 
reference  to  the  signet  is  in  the  year  1369,  when  Walter  of  Ward- 
law,  who  is  the  first  office-bearer  recognised  by  the  society,  was 
the  "king's  clerk"  or  secretary.  Nevertheless  the  signet  must 
have  been  in  use  some  time  previous  to  that  period.  Thus  in  1369 
and  in  1371  parliament  enacted  that  no  minister  of  state  should 
execvite  any  mandate  directed  to  him  under  the  great  seal,  the  privy 
seal,  or  the  private  signet,  if  such  mandate  were  in  prejudice  of  any 
person,  contrary  to  statute  or  common  law.'  On  this,  as  on  other 
points  of  Scottish  histoiy,  the  scantiness  of  early  records  denies  us 
full  information.  But  whatever  the  date  at  which  a  royal  signet 
began  to  be  used  in  Scotland,  the  fact  that  the  secretary  was 
known  as  the  king's  clerk,  and  that  the  writers  to  the  signet  were 
his  assistants,  indicates  that  the  members  of  this  society  are  the 
professional  successors  of  those  officials  who,  in  the  earlier  period 
of  Scottish  history,  were  known  as  the  king's  clerks. 

The  very  first  of  these  clerks  on  record,  who  has  left  his  name  on  The  king's 
the  writ  with  an  appellation  foreshadowing  the  professional  title  of  °^^  ' 
this  society,  is  Grento,  who  wrote  the  earliest  charter  known  to  exist 
connected  with  Scotland.  This  is  the  charter  granted  in  1098  by 
king  Duncan  ii.,  son  of  king  Malcolm  Canmore,  conferring  certain 
lands  in  East  Lothian  upon  the  monks  of  St.  Cuthbert."  The 
authenticity  of  this  writ,  which  was  long  disputed,  is  now  fully 
admitted ;  and  in  it,  along  with  the  royal  seal  and  the  crosses  or 

'  Acts  of  the  Parliaments  of  Scotland,  vol.  i.  =  Original  among   Coldingham    charters   at 

pp.  535,  547.  Durham. 


xiv  THE   SOCIETY   OF   WEITEKS   TO   THE   SIGNET 

marks  appended  by  the  king  and  his  nobles,  is  to  be  seen  the  mark 
"  Grentonis  scribtoris,"  of  Grento  the  ivriter,  who  penned  the  charter, 
and  who  also  wrote  at  their  respective  crosses  the  names  of  the 
granter  and  the  witnesses. 

The  next  notice  of  the  king's  clerks  which  can  be  cleai'ly  proved 
is  in  the  time  of  king  WiUiam  the  Lion,  1165-1214,  who  had 
several  "  clerks."  It  may  be  asserted  that  these  were  ecclesiastics, 
1)ut  it  would  appear  that  all  were  not  so,  as  we  read  of  Michael,  one 
of  king  William's  clerks,  who  held  the  estate  of  Wymet  or  Woolmet, 
near  Dalkeith,  and  he  possessed  also  the  small  estate  of  Gilbert- 
ston,  now  rej^resented  by  the  farm  of  Brunstane,  near  Joppa. 
Michael  of  Woolmet  had  several  children,  among  whom  his  estates 
were  divided. 

King  William's  grandson,  Alexander  iii.,  had  at  least  three 
clerks,  one  of  Avhom  was  Thomas  "de  Carnoto,"  a  prominent 
member  of  the  family  of  Charteris,  if  not  one  of  its  direct 
ancestors.  He  was  afterwards  made  chancellor,  and  has  been 
claimed  as  the  first  layman  appointed  to  that  office.^ 

The  troublous  times  of  the  next  century  deprive  us  of  several 
links  of  the  chain ;  but  from  the  time  of  king  David  ii.  and 
of  Walter  of  Wardlaw  we  meet  with  frequent  references  to  the 
king's  clerks.  King  James  i.  had  several,  but  it  does  not  appear 
that  any  of  them  were  very  distinguished. 
Sir  John  Rede  In   the    time   of   king    James   iii.,   however,   we   find    among 

the  clerks  to  the  secretaiy,  one  who  has  left  a  pleasing  character 
behind  him,  sir  John  Rede,  popularly  known  as  "  Stobo,"  perhaps 
from  the  place  of  his  birth,  or  because  he  Wiis  vicar  of  that 
parish,  which  was  a  prebend  of  Glasgow  cathedral.  He  is  also 
described  as  rector  of  Kirkchrist,  probably  the  parish  in  Galloway 
so  called.  He  held  oftice  in  the  reign  of  king  James  ii.,  or 
prior  to  1460,  and  in  1473  received  from  James  iii.  a  recognition 

^  Some  uncertainty   exists    as    to    whether      man,  as  the  references  to  liiin  are  very  inde- 
Thomas  Charteris  was  a  churchman  or  a  lay-      finite. 


alias  Stobo. 


HISTORY   OF  THE  SOCIETY  xv 

of  his  services  in  a  pension  of  £20  a  year.  He  is  described 
as  serving  the  king  and  his  father  in  writing  letters  to  the 
pope,  and  to  various  kings,  princes,  and  magnates  beyond  the 
kingdom ;  a  statement  which  confirms  the  view  taken  of  the  work 
done  by  the  earher  clerks  to  the  signet.  It  is  interesting  also  to 
note  that  this  pension  was  to  repay  his  outlays  for  parchment,  paper, 
red  wax  and  white,  and  other  expenses  incurred  regarding  the 
documents  written  by  him.'^  At  a  later  date  we  hear  of  his  being 
sent  by  king  James  iv.  on  a  mission  to  England  along  with  Walter 
Chepman,  afterwards  named.  He  was  known  as  a  poet,  and  is  men- 
tioned by  Walter  Kennedy  as  a  personal  friend  of  William  Dunbar, 
who,  in  the  Lament  for  the  tnakars,  mourns  that  death 

"  hes  tane  last  of  aw, 
Gild  gentill  Stobo,  and  Quintyne  Schaw." 

A  colleague  of  sir  John  Rede,  more  celebrated  than  he,  was  Walter  Chepman, 
Walter  Chepman,  the  founder  of  Scottish  printing.  He  was  a  ' ''"  '"^'"  *"^' 
wealthy  and  influential  merchant  burgess  of  Edinburgh,  but  is  also 
described  as  one  of  the  clerks  of  the  king's  secretary,  intrusted 
with  the  keeping  of  the  signet.  He  is  the  first  "writer  to  the 
king's  signet,"  fonnally  so  styled.  Chepman  was  high  in  the 
favour  of  king  James  iv.,  and  in  conjunction  with  Andrew  Myllar,  a 
bookseller  in  Edinburgh,  embarked  on  a  joint  printing  enterprise  in 
the  year  1507,  under  a  patent  of  monopoly  from  the  king.  Myllar 
furnished  the  practical  experience  while  Chepman  supplied  the 
capital.  Their  printing  office  was  in  the  Cowgate,  in  a  property 
belonging  to  Chepman,  at  the  foot  of  Blackfriars'  wynd.  His 
own  house  stood  in  the  High  Street,  just  at  the  top  of  the  same 
wynd. 

In  1505  Walter  Chepman  bought  the  lands  of  Ewerland  in  the 
parish  of  Cramond ;  and  in  1509  he  purchased,  from  James  Ward- 
law  of  Riccarton  the  estate  of  Priestfield,  now  Prestonfield,  near 

'  Exchequer  Rollt,  vol.  yiij.  p,  315. 


\ 


xvi  THE   SOCIETY   OF   WEITEES   TO   THE   SIGNET 

Edinburgh.  In  1514  and  1515  he  was  dean  of  guild  of  Edinburgh. 
He  has  left  to  our  times  a  memorial  of  his  piety  and  public 
spirit  in  the  aisle  which  he  built  on  the  south  side  of  St.  Giles' 
church;  in  which  also,  in  1313,  he  endowed  an  altar  dedicated 
to  St.  John  the  evangelist.  In  1528,  he  likewise  erected  a 
chapel  of  the  Holy  Rood,  at  the  foot  of  St.  GUes'  kirkyard, 
adjoining  the  Cowgate.  This  he  endowed  for  masses  to  be  said 
constantly  for  the  repose  of  the  souls  of  king  James  v.,  the  founder 
(himself),  his  deceased  wife  Maviot  Kirkettill,  and  his  second  wife 
Agnes  Cockburne,  but  more  especially  for  the  souls  of  the  late 
king  James  iv.  and  those  who  had  fallen  with  him  at  Flodden. 
Chepman  died  about  1532,  and  was  buried  in  his  own  aisle  in 
St.  Giles',  where  the  late  Dr.  WilUam  Chambers  erected  a  tablet 
to  his  memory.  His  eldest  son  by  his  second  wife,  David,  who 
predeceased  his  father,  was  a  merchant  and  bookbinder  in  Edin- 
burgh. William  Chepman,  another  of  the  family,  was  a  writer  to 
the  signet. 

John  Chepman  of  "  Schelis,"  a  nephew  of  Waltei-,  who  succeeded 
to  his  uncle's  estates  in  1532,  was  also  a  member  of  the  society.  In 
1537  he  granted  an  annuity  in  supplement  of  his  uncle's  endowmeut 
of  St.  John's  altar  in  St,  Giles'.  His  wife's  name  was  Isobel 
Henderson. 
Sir  John  Beiienden.  Aiiothei'  early  member  of  the  society,  who  is  also  particularly 
described  as  a  writer  to  the  king's  si^et,  was  John  Bannatyne  or 
Beiienden,  for  the  name  is  variously  spelt.  Iii  1528  he  was  secretary 
to  Archibald,  sixth  earl  of  Angus,  and  after  the  death  of  king 
James  v.  was  made  justice  clerk  and  director  of  chancery.  Other 
names  of  writers  about  the  same  period,  and  up  to  the  date  when 
a  formal  list  has  been  preserved,  might  be  given.  The  most 
prominent  however  have  been  mentioned,  and  suffice  to  show  that 
writers  or  clerks  to  the  king's  signet  existed  from  a  very  early 
period  of  Scotland's  official  history.  »,[ 

It  is  in  the  time  of  Walter  Chepman,  or  about  the  years  from  1490 


HISTOKY   OF  THE  SOCIETY  xvii 

to  1494,  that  we  first  meet  with  the  term  "  writares  of  the  singnet " 
applied  to  the  clerks  of  the  secretary's  office  as  a  body.  The 
notices  appear  in  the  accounts  of  the  treasurer  of  Scotland.  In 
one  case  king  James  iv.  orders  gratuities  to  be  given  to  the 
"  wrytaris  of  the  signete  "  for  "thare  drink  siluer"  for  writing  letters. 

Community  of  calling  fonned  in  the  middle  ages  a  great  bond 
of  union  among  those  who  pursued  any  employment  requiring 
special  knowledge  or  skUl.  By  it  the  trading  guilds  were  bound 
together  for  common  action  and  self-government.  On  the  followers 
of  the  law  it  exercised  a  like  power.  Besides  an  acquaintance  with 
general  business,  the  calling  of  the  writers  to  the  signet  required 
a  knowledge  of  the  forms  of  law  and  conveyancing,  a  mastery  of 
the  art  of  penmanship,  and  familiarity  with  the  Latin  tongue — 
at  that  time  at  least  a  living  language.  It  was  almost  a  necessity 
of  the  life  of  those  times  that  fellow-workera  thus  associated 
should  be  united  in  a  society  or  brotherhood.  There  is  no 
authentic  evidence  of  such  an  incorporation,  but,  however  they 
were  organised,  the  writers  to  the  signet  formed  a  little  community 
to  whose  pens  were  intrusted  many  of  the  chief  business  affairs 
of  the  country.  It  is  also  worthy  of  note  that  while  the  followers 
of  art,  science,  law,  medicine,  and  the  teaching  profession  still  wore 
the  priest's  gown,  in  the  "booths"  of  the  early  writers  to  the  king's 
signet  there  began  that  lay  professional  life  which  bulks  so  largely 
in  our  modern  world. 

It  is  stated,  in  some  of  the  proceedings  of  the  society,  that  its  The  society  »nd 
members  in  early  times,  in  addition  to  their  duties  in  the  secretary's  "^""'^  °^  session, 
office,  acted  as  clerks  in  the  old  courts  of  judicature  known  as  the 
lords  of  council,  the  lords  auditors,  the  session  and  the  daily  council, 
as  well  as  to  the  privy  council.  There  is  not,  however,  sufficient 
information  extant  to  give  an  exact  description  of  the  connection 
which  existed  between  the  writers  to  the  signet  and  these  ancient 
courts;  but  in  1532,  when,  with  the  exception  of  the  privy  council, 
they  were  all  superseded  by  the  court  of  session,  the  relation  of  the 


xviii         THE   SOCIETY   OF   WEITEES   TO   THE   SIGNET 

writers  to  the  signet  to  the  new  judicature  is  more  clearly  defined. 
They  henceforth  formed  a  part  of  the  legal  establishment  styled  the 
college  of  justice,  and  the  members  of  the  society  were  called  to  the 
work  of  clerks  in  the  new  court.  The  lord  clerk  register,  under  the 
title  of  "  clerk  of  the  registrie,  roUis,  and  of  counsale,"  was  made 
chief  clerk  of  the  session,  and  under  him  the  writers  to  the  signet 
became  clerks  of  court.  ^ 

The  court  met  in  the  council  hall  in  the  old  tolbooth  of  Edin- 
burgh. There  was  but  one  acting  clerk  at  each  sitting.  He  was 
designed  the  clerk  of  council,  a  title  in  which  may  be  traced  a  survival 
of  the  defunct  court  of  the  lords  of  council,  or  perhaps  a  recognition 
of  the  writer's  office  as  clerk  to  the  king's  secret  council,  of  which 
that  court  was  a  branch.  The  clerk  of  council  was  chosen  by 
rotation  from  among  the  writers  to  the  signet,*  and,  in  respect  of 
that  arrangement,  the  lord  clerk  register  retained  the  right  of 
nominating  the  clerks  of  session  until  1728,  when  the  patronage 
was  first  reserved  in  a  commission  then  issued  to  Alexander,  earl  of 
Marchmont.  A  single  survival  of  the  connection  of  the  clerks  of 
court  with  the  clerk  register's  office  remains  at  the  present  time 
in  the  clerks  of  session  being  required  to  act  as  the  lord  clerk 
register's  deputies  at  elections  of  Scottish  representative  peers. 

While  one  member  only  of  the  society  thus  acted  at  a  time  as  clerk 
of  court,  all  writers  to  the  signet  were  entitled  to  be  present  in 
court  during  the  hearing  and  decision  of  causes.  The  importance  of 
this  privilege  will  be  understood  when  it  is  remembered  that  the  court 
of  session,  in  early  times,  like  the  parliament  of  Paris,  upon  which 
it  was  largely  modelled,  did  not  admit  the  public  to  its  meetings.^ 

'  It  may  be  noted  that  in  1524,  owing  to  the  appears  Irom  an  act  of  the  lords  of  council, 

troubled  state  of  politics  in  Scotland,  the  lord  dated  the  14th  of  February  1530,  about  two 

clerk  register  was,  for  a  time,  made  the  cus-  years  before  the  new   court  was  instituted, 

todier  of  all  the  seals,  including  the  signet,  which  orders  that,    "Fra  tyme  the  chancelar 

until  proper  officers  were  appointed,  and  lords  entir  in  the  tolbuth,  yat  na  manner 

'  Mackenzie  (1716),  vol,  i.  p,  247 ;  Bankton  of  man  remane  yrin  hot  advocats  and  sic  able 

(1752),  vol.  ii.  p,  494.  men  to  leir  practik  as  sail  pleiss  the  chancelare," 

'  How  strict  the  rule  was  on  this  subject  "Yat  the  massers  keips  the  counsale  house 


HlSTOllY   OF  THE  SOCIETY'-'-'  xix. 

In  the   act   of  parliament  by  which  the  court   of  session  was  Regulations  for 
established,  there  is  no  reference  to  the  clerks  of  court  or  of  the  ^i^^et.^  *1532! 
signet,  but  in  the  first  act  of  sederunt  of  the  new  judicature,  passed 
on  the  27th  of  May  1532,  there  are  vai-ious  provisions  regulating  the  \i,u 

working  of  the  members  of  the  society.  Among  other  things,  it  ■'"'"'^*  ** '" 
is  enacted,  "  that  all  clerkis  of  the  signet  be  sworne  to  exerse  yair 
oflSces  lauchfuUie  and  diligentlie,  and  nane  of  yame  sail  reveil  nor 
mak  manifest  to  ony  man  quhat  they  writt  or  dois  for  ane  uther,  bot 
sail  keip  all  closs  and  secrete.  Item,  yat  na  clerk  of  ye  signet  tak 
mair  for  ye  writtin  of  an  bill  bot  aucht  pennies,  and  for  the  writtin 
of  an  lettre  apoun  ane  decrete  of  the  lordis  and  deliverance  bot, 
twentie  pennies,  nor  for  nane  uther  letter  mair  yan  was  usit  in  our 
soveran  lordis  tyme  yat  last  decessit,  quhome  God  assolze,  under 
the  pane  of  tinsale  of  his  office.  Item,  yat  nane  fruster  ane  uther 
of  his  labours  and  proffit,  yat  everilk  clerk  of  the  signet  yat 
writtis  ony  bills  mark  ye  samin  with  his  awin  name  in  ye  bill 
within." 

In  the  thirty-ninth  act  of  the  fourth  parliament  of  king 
James  v.,  which  met  at  Edinburgh  on  the  7th  day  of  June  1535, 
"it  is  ordanit"  anent  justice  ayres,  i.e.  justiciary  cii'cuit  courts, 
"yat  in  tymes  cuming  ye  keipers  of  ye  signet  sail  ansuer  na 
lettres  for  calling  of  ony  personis  and  parties  to  sic  particvdar 
diettes  bot  gif  ye  samin  be  subscrivit  with  the  clerk  writer  to 
the  signet  "  (clerk  of  court)  "  and  justice  clerk  and  his  deputes." 

Lord  Stair  informs  us  that  the  writers  to  the  signet  "  are 
every  year  publicly  called  and  commanded  to  keep  the  accustomed 

dure  in  yis  manner,  yat  is  to  say,  yat  the  dur  to  be  wai'dit,  and  yreftir  punist  at  our  plessour, 

stand  oppin,  and  twa  of  yame,  ane  on  ilk  syde  for  thair  disobedience." 

at  the  uter  dur,  uyer  twa,  ilk  ane  of  yaim  at  "  Geif  ony  persoun  forsaid,  be  toUerance  of 

ye  iumest  dur,  and  ane  masser  to  be  on  the  the  chancellar  and  lords,  remains  within  the 

flure  within,  to  call  and  do  as  the  chaucelar  counsale  house  in  tyme  yat  ony  mater  is  put 

commands  him.      And  that  na  man  entir  but  in  disputatioun,  yat  yai  be  sworn  not  to  revele 

leif  of    the   chaucelar,  fra  tyme  yat    yai  be  ye  oppunzeouns  and  arguments    of  ye   lords 

commandit  to  byde  furth,  under  the  pane  of  havand  votis,  and  geif  ye  contrar  be  attendit 

warding  of  thair  personns,  and  geif  yai  dissobey,  upon  yaim,  yai  never  to  half  entrens  agace. " 


ix 


THE  SOCIETY  OF  WRITERS   TO  THE  SIGNET 


Multiplicatiou 
of  the  signet. 


First  iniuutes, 
1594.     Com- 
mission by  lord 
secretary. 


styles."^  What  this  ceremony  was  it  seems  impossible  to  ascertain. 
Nor  does  it  appear  whether  it  was  the  court  or  the  lord  clerk 
register  who  gave  this  annual  charge  to  the  writera. 

But  though  the  writers  or  clerks  to  the  signet  were  thus 
subject  to  the  lord  clerk  register  as  regarded  the  business  of  the 
court  of  session,  they  stUl  retained  their  relations  to  the  Lord 
secretary,  who  was  the  original  head  of  their  body.  An  episode  in 
the  history  of  the  signet  in  the  year  1541  reveals  the  fact  that  this 
token  of  authority  had  been  multiplied.  In  the  beginning  of  that 
year  a  thief  had  misappropriated  the  royal  signet,  the  seal  used 
in  the  king's  own  business.  To  remedy  this,  king  James  v.,  in  a 
letter  passed  under  the  privy  seal,  wrote  to  the  secretary,  stating 
the  necessity  of  having  three  small  signets  for  service  in  the  session 
and  justiciary  courts,  and  for  the  king's  "  awne  directionis,"  and 
desiring  him  to  order  a  third  signet  to  be  made  in  place  of  the 
one  that  had  been  stolen,  to  be  used  in  the  king's  work.  He  was 
directed  also  to  "reform"  or  remodel  the  three  other  signets,  great 
and  small,  by  advice  of  the  council.  It  is  thus  evident  that  the 
use  of  the  signet  was  extended,  and  so  also  was  the  business  of  its 
officials.  The  institution  of  the  college  of  justice,  with  all  that 
had  taken  place  affecting  its  proceedings  and  officials,  was  ratified 
by  parliament  in  the  year  1540,  and  since  its  foundation  the  writers 
to  the  signet  have  been  members  of  the  college.  Among  their 
privileges  as  such  wei'e  exemption  from  payment  of  certain  taxes, 
and  the  right  of  suing  or  being  sued  only  in  the  supreme  court. 
The  former  right  led  in  later  times  to  many  disputes  between 
the  society  and  the  city  authorities  of  Edinburgh. 

Nothing  specially  important  is  on  record  bearing  on  the  history 
of  the  society  for  the  next  half  century,  but  in  1594  we  are 
enabled  to  chronicle  its  doings  by  the  aid  of  its  own  minutes, 
which  are  preserved  from  that  date.  They  begin  with  the 
narrative  of  a  commission  granted  by  sir  Richard  Cockburne   of 

'  stair's  Institutions,  iv.  3.  32. 


HISTORY   OF  THE   SOCIETY  xxi 

Clerkingtoun,  lord  secretary,  in  favour  of  Mr.  John  Layng,  his 
depute,  and  keeper  of  the  signet,  and  eighteen  other  members  of 
the  society  appointed  as  commissioners.  The  lord  secretary  directs 
them,  or  any  nine  of  them  conjunctly  (the  depute  keeper  of  the 
signet  being  always  one),  to  convene  whenever  they  think  it  ex- 
pedient, and  to  take  order  with  "all  abuses,  falsities,  and  in- 
formalities in  their  vocation,  committit  or  to  be  commit,  by  any 
ordinaiy  member  and  brother  thereof,  master  and  servant,"  and 
they  are  to  remedy  all  such.  They  are  also  "  to  conclude,  determine, 
and  sett  doun  all  actis,  statutis,  and  ordinancis  necessare,  under 
the  panes  of  deprivatioune  simpliciter  of  office,  suspensioun,  and 
pecuniall  panes  accordingly  to  the  wechtiness  of  the  offence." 
The  commissioners  are  likewise  to  make  and  enforce  all  needful 
regulations  concernmg  the  trial  of  the  qualifications  of  such  as 
shall  be  presented  by  the  lord  secretary  for  admission  to  the 
society,  and  to  prescribe  the  manner  of  their  admission.  In  the 
event  of  vacancies  arising  among  the  commissioners  through  death, 
or  otherwise,  their  places  were  to  be  filled  up  by  others  "  of  the 
maist  ancient  and  best  qualified  ordinare"  writers  to  the  signet. 
The  commissioners  also  in  that  year  specially  "  ratifies  and  appreives 
all  and  quhatsumevir  acts  maid  of  befoir  in  ony  tyme  bigane  pre- 
ceiding  the  dais  heirof  be  yair  predicessouris  and  pi'omittis,  to  hald 
hand  to  ye  observing  zairof  according  to  gude  conscience." 

Such  are  the  main  provisions  of  the  earliest  commission  extant  Evidence  as  to 
in  the  records  of  the  society,  and  it  is  of  special  interest  because  the  ^"go J" °****"''°° 
tenor  of  it  is  suggestive  of  an  established  style  from  which  it  is 
evident  that  the  constitution  and  governing  body  of  the  society  were 
then  fixed  virtually  as  they  exist  at  present.  The  king's  secretary, 
or  lord  secretary,  was  their  recognised  chief,  and  his  depute  was  the 
acting  head  of  the  society,  while  the  commissioners  appointed  by 
the  secretaiy  discharged  the  same  duties  towards  the  body  as  now. 
It  appears  also  from  the  minutes  that  such  commissions  were 
renewed   from  time  to  time,   or  were  ratified    by  successive   lord 


xxii        THE  SOCIETY  OF  WKITEKS  Tp  THE  SIGNET 

secretaries,  generally  about  the  date  of  their  respective  appointments. 
Thus  in  1596  lord  Menmure  confirms  the  preceding  commission  ; 
in  1598  lord  Balmerino  ratifies  the  acts,  and  in  1610  sir  Alexander 
Hay  deals  in  the  same  way  with  the  commission.  In  1612  a  new 
commission  in  like  terms  was  granted  by  the  famous  sir  Thomas 
Hamilton,  afterwards  first  earl  of  Haddington  ;  again,  an  imperfect 
one  was  issued  by  him  in  1626,  perhaps  left  incomplete  because 
of  his  retirement  about  that  date.  Other  such  writs  by  various 
secretaries  are  noted  from  time  to  time,  but  those  above  mentioned 
are  sufficient  to  indicate  the  practice.  The  style  of  each  was 
like  that  of  its  predecessor.  •  w 

Bye-laws,  1594.  The  whole  of  the  commissioners  named  by  sir  Richard  Cockburn 

in  1594  did  not  accept  office,  but  those  who  did  so  drew  up  a  set 
of  bye-laws  for  the  government  of  the  society,  called  in  the 
name  of  their  chief,  "  my  lord  secretares  injunctiones,"  but  in  part 
at  least  the  result  of  their  own  deliberations.  These  bye-laws  are 
deserving  of  careful  study.  It  is  specially  noteworthy  that  they 
contain  stipulations  limiting  the  number  of  the  society's  members. 
Thus  it  is  ordained  that  "  no  one  shall  be  admitted  to  the  signet 
nor  to  the  use  of  the  office  thereof  but  by  the  decease  of  one  of  the 
brethren  ordinary  writers  of  the  signet,  and  then  to  receive  the  son, 
servant,  or  apprentice  of  the  person  deceased."  But  this  rule  not 
appearing  strict  enough,  the  commissioners  proceed  to  Umit  the  future 
number  of  members  to  twenty-four.  In  doing  so  they  show  an  earnest 
desire  for  the  welfare  of  the  society  ;  they  call  to  mind  "  the  treuth 
and  honestie  of  thair  predecessouris,  ordinary  writtaris  to  the 
signet,  quhilk  proceidit  upoun  thair  feu  nummer,  and  now  be  the 
admissioun  of  ane  multitude  thair  is  drawin  upoun  the  maist  pairt  of 
thaime  povertie,  and,  be  the  said  povertie  [they]  ar  the  reddier  to 
be  inducit  to  committ  falsettis,"  for  which  reason  the  commissioners 
recommend  a  reduction  of  the  number.  The  exceptions  to  this  pro- 
vision in  favour  of  those  who  were  not  held  to  be  ordinary  members, 
show  us  the  offices  held  at  that  time  by  the  members  of  the  society. 


HISTOEY   OF  THE   SOCIETY       ''•  :'Tiri         xxiii 

"Undir  this  act  sail  nawyis  be  comprehendit  the  ordiner  clerkis 

befoir  the  sessioun,  secretare,  depute  keipare  of  the  signet,  clerkis 

to  the   justiciarie,   and    clerk    depute   of  the    secreit    counsale."  ^ 

In  a  letter  from  the   lord  secretary   (sir  Alexander  Hay)   to  the 

deputy  keeper,  read  at  a  general  meeting  on  the  8  th  of  November 

1609,  the   same  anxiety  for  the   high  standing  of  the  society   is 

manifested.     His  lordship  says  :  "  The  multitude  of  wryttaris  to  the 

signet  haffing  bred  amange  thame   selffis  disordour,  and  thairwith 

occasioned  disdaine  and  contempt  of  that  place,  whiche  in  former 

tymes  wes  in  so  muche  credite,  is  a  matter  no  les  grevious  unto  me 

than  to  thame  who  feillis  more  sensiblye  the  smart  of  it.     The  too 

haistye  desyre  of  many  men  to  be  maisteris  hes  maid  sume  of  thame  Jj 

servanttes,  and  no  doubt   want  of  employment  bringing   with   it 

povertie  wUl  produce  sone  such  errours  to  fall  in  thair  handis  as  may 

much  disgrace  the  place."     Accordingly  it  is  to  be  the  society's  aim 

to  limit  its  membership,  and  thereby  to  protect  alike  the  interests  of 

the  public  and  the  privileges  of  the  favoured  twenty-four  members. 

As  a  means  towards  this  end,  the  secretary  recommends  the  deputy 

keeper  and  commissioners  to  use  great   strictness  in  dealing  with 

deUnquents,  whom  they  are  required  to  deprive  or  suspend.     "  Lett 

not   preposterous   pitie   heirefter,"  says   he,   "move   ather   you   or 

thame  to   spair   or  mitigate    the    punishment    imposed,    that    so, 

quhome  dewtie  can  not  move,  feare  sail  inforce  to  walk  warlie  in 

their  calling." 

Another  act,  of  13th  February  1613,  has  also  a  bearing  upon  the  Regulations    ■ 
status  of  the  society,  and  is  typical  of  others  of  the  same  character,  bus^ess!^'^* 
It  aims  at  limiting  the  writers  to  the  signet  to  their  own  calling,  and 
preventing  their  engaging  in  more  general  business,  as,  in  earlier 
times,  sir  John  Rede,  Walter  Chepman,  and  other  members  of  the 
society  had  done.       "My   lord    secretar    and   his   commissioneris, 

'  On  the  14th  of  November,  in  the  following      until   the    whole  number   of   the  society    be 
year  also,  the  lord  secretary  promises  that  he      reduced  to  twenty-fouv. 
will  nowise  admit  any  person  to  the   signet 


strife. 


xxiv        THE   SOCIETY   OF  WEITEES  TO  THE  SIGNET 

understanding  that  sindrie  of  the  craftls  of  the  burgh  of  Edinburgh 
ar  burdening  sum  of  the  wryteris  to  the  signet  to  becum  thair 
clerkis,  and  to  keip  thair  assemblies  and  meetingis,  contrare  to 
equitie  and  ressoun,  and  to  the  reputatioun  of  the  saidis  wryteris, 
quhais  calling  hes  evir  bene  repute  mair  honourabill  nor  thairwith  to 
becum  clerkis  to  sic  inferior  callings,"  therefore  "  it  sail  nawyis  be 
lesum  "  to  the  members  of  the  society  to  accept  any  such  clerkship, 
but  they  are  "  to  attend  and  serve  our  soverane  lordis  lieges  in  the 
said  vocatioun  of  wryting  to  the  signet,  quhairby  the  samin  be  not 
disgracit  with  the  saidis  base  and  unworthie  clerkshipis,  vmder  pane 
of  deprivatioun." 
Rules  against  Another  point  of  interest  in  the  regulations  of  1594  is  the  care 

taken  to  prevent  any  strife  arising  in  the  brotherhood,  a  character- 
istic feature  of  the  old  life  of  such  societies.  "The  commissioneris, 
remembering  the  grite  unitie  and  gude  concord  standing  amangis  the 
haill  brethrene,  ordinare  writteris  to  the  signet,  (praisit  be  God,) 
and  willing  the  samyn  to  incres  and  continew,  thairfoir  statutes  and 
ordanis  that  gif  ony  of  the  brethrene  being  pursewit  or  accusit  of 
ane  uthir  brother  for  contravenying  of  the  actis  sal  happin  to  minass 
or  injure  utheris,"  by  word  or  deed,  he  shall,  for  the  first  fault,  be 
suspended  "  ay  and  quhill  he  have  satisfeit  the  partie  oflPendit,  and 
forder  induring  the  saidis  commissioneris  willis  "  ;  and  for  the  second 
fault  he  shall  be  deprived  of  his  office  "  in  all  tyme  cuming,  but  ony 
favour  or  restitutioun  to  be  grantit  to  him  thairfor,"  In  1656, 
likewise,  a  similar  penalty  of  suspension  was  imposed  on  any  brother 
threatening  or  injuring  another,  in  addition  to  payment  of  a  fine 
of  £20  to  the  "  box,"  or  common  fund  of  the  society,  and  for  every 
subsequent  fault  a  second  suspension  with  the  fine  doubled  toties 
quoties.  Offended  parties  also  are  required  to  carry  their  grievances 
to  the  commissioners  for  redress  under  a  penalty  of  £10  to  the  "  box." 
It  is  pleasing  in  this  connection  to  note  that  although  the 
writers  to  the  signet  grew,  in  the  seventeenth  century,  to  be  a  body 
of  considerable  size,  the  old  feeling  of  brotherhood  continued  to  be 


HISTOEY   OF  THE   SOCIETY  xxv 

loyally  cherished,  and  any  slight  offered  to  a  member  was  regarded 
as  an  offence  against  the  society.  Hence  such  acts  as  that  passed 
in  1647,  "that  everie  wryter  being  warnit  to  anotheris  buriall,  his 
wyff  or  chyldrene,  and  refuisand  or  being  absent,  sail  pay  12s." 
There  was  also  a  due  sense  maintained  of  the  dignity  and  interests 
of  the  calling.  Thus,  in  1610,  the  commissioners  ordered  that  "no 
ordinary  writer  in  time  of  session  be  found  drinking  in  taverns." 
Again,  in  1658,  Patrick  Wilson  is  suspended  on  confessing  to 
"  the  exercesing  of  ane  uther  office  and  imployment  at  Kirkaldie, 
by  being  ane  waiter."  His  chief  offence,  however,  at  that  time 
of  Enghsh  domination  was,  perhaps,  that  he  had  received  for  his 
unprofessional  labours  a  "sallarie"  from  "the  Englishes."  In  the 
same  year,  John  Alexander  was  suspended  because  of  conduct 
injurious  to  the  calling,  in  that  he  had  carried  on  business  "  at  ane 
feckless  and  unworthie  pryce,  below  the  ordinar  rait  of  wry  ting." 

In  the  early  minutes,  with  the  same  laudable  end  of  keeping  intrants, 
the  society  select,  are  many  entries  relating  to  the  examination 
of  intrants,  and  the  testing  of  their  knowledge  and  fitness 
for  the  calling.  In  1594,  it  is  provided  that  new  members 
shall  be  admitted  only  "in  public  conventioun  eftir  examinatioun 
and  try  all."  That  this  was  carefully  seen  to  would  appear  from 
the  cautious  finding  given  in  on  the  3d  of  November  1606,  when  the 
examinators  report  that  Thomas  Crombey  "wes,  in  sum  reasonabil 
maner,  qualifeit  to  the  office."  In  1609,  it  is  further  appointed 
that  intrants  must  receive  the  support  of  two-thirds  of  the  com- 
missioners in  order  to  render  their  election  valid. 

For  a  similar  reason,  and  also  for  the  public  safety,  the  society  Fraud, 
took  many  precautions  to  prevent  fraud.  Among  other  proposed 
remedies  the  brethren,  in  1647,  ordained  "ane  bulk  to  be  maid 
quharin  every  wryter  to  the  signet  saU  gif  up  the  names  of  thair 
haill  prenteissis  and  servandis,  that  thair  names  may  be  inroUit  in 
that  bulk,  and  ane  lytill  pateme  of  thair  hand  writt  insert  thairin, 
1^0  be  conferrit  with  thair  letteris  sent  to  the  signet." 

d 


xxvi         THE  SOCIETY  OF  WEITEES  TO  THE  SIGNET 

These  and  several  other  entries  in  the  minutes  give  us  some  idea 
from  its  own  earliest  extant  records,  of  the  internal  economy  of  the 
The  signet  societj.    Those  poiuts  of  its  history,  however,  which  were  affected 

civii"war/  ^7  outside  events  are  not  unworthy  of  notice,  and  may  be  briefly 
touched  upon  until  we  reach  the  present  century.  It  is  observable 
that  the  minutes  show  scarcely  any  traces  of  the  troubled  times 
which  came  upon  the  country  in  the  reign  of  king  Charles  i.,  or 
of  the  excitement  which  attended  the  ecclesiastical  and  political 
dispvites  between  that  monarch  and  his  Scottish  subjects.  But 
while  the  society  records  nothing  of  the  matter,  it  may  not  be 
irrelevant  to  notice  certain  adventures  which  befell  the  badge  of 
office  from  which  it  took  its  name,  and  which  must  have  affected 
at  least  temporarily  the  society  itself  In  1640,  we  learn  that 
the  proper  signet  had  been  carried  off  to  England,  and  some  incon- 
venience was  felt  for  the  want  of  it.  To  meet  the  difficulty  an  act 
of  sederunt  was  passed  by  the  court  of  session,  and  ratified  by 
parliament,  declaring  that  all  summonses,  letters,  charges,  suspen- 
sions, signatures,  or  other  writs  which  usually  passed  under  the 
signet,  were  to  be  presented  to  Mr.  George  Halden,  W.S.,  who 
should,  at  the  place  where  the  wax  was  placed,  sign  a  wai'rant  for 
the  writ  passing  the  necessaiy  seals,  though  not  signeted.  For  this 
the  usual  fee  for  the  signet  was  to  be  paid  and  to  be  made  forth- 
coming to  the  secretary,  or,  in  his  absence,  to  his  keeper  of  the 
-  signet.  The  act  further  prohibited,  under  penalties,  the  keeper  of 
the  signet  from  taking  that  or  any  seal  furth  of  Scotland.^ 

At  a  later  date,  in  1644,  we  find  that  the  signet  was  affected  by 
the  proceedings  of  the  extreme  covenanting  party,  who  were  then 
gaining  power.  Because  William  Hamilton,  earl  of  Lanark,  then 
secretary,  had  not  signed  the  covenant,  he  was  accounted  "an 
enemy  to  religion,"  and  the  "  benefite  of  the  signet "  was  arrested  or 
closed  in  the  hands  of  Mr.  Harry  Maule,  his  depute,  the  result  being 
that  no  writs  could   pass  for  the  time.^     The  earl,  however,  sQoft 

>  Acts  of  Parliamenf,  vol.  v.  p.  269.  ^  Ibid.  vol.  vi.  part  i.  p.  89.  oi 


HISTORY   OP  THE  SOCIETY  xxvii 

afterwards  took  the  required  oath,  and  the  arrestment  was  removed. 
About  the  same  time  the  secretary  addressed  a  petition  to  parlia- 
ment, which  narrates  another  adventure  of  the  signet.  He  stated 
first  that  sir  James  Galloway  (master  of  requests  in  England)  had 
usurped  his  place  as  secretary ;  alleging  some  difference  between  a 
secretary  and  a  secretary  of  state,  and  had  obtained  letters  from 
the  king  requiring  the  Scottish  council  to  acknowledge  sir  James  as 
secretary,  which  the  coimcil  found  to  be  a  gi-eat  wrong  and  pre- 
judicial to  the  kingdom  as  interfering  with  the  elections  of  officers  of 
state.  Lord  Lanark  declared  that  he  was  sole  secretary  of  state 
for  Scotland,  appointed  by  the  king  (Charles  i.),  who  had  handed 
him  the  signet  in  open  parliament.  He  stated  further  that  while  he  Signet  in  open 
was  in  close  prison  at  Oxford,  the  signet  had  been  taken  from  him 
by  the  English  secretaries  and  given  to  sir  Robert  Spottiswood, 
whose  loyalty  to  the  covenant  was  much  suspected.  The  earl 
desired  to  have  it  affirmed  that  he  was  the  secretary,  which  petition 
the  parliament  duly  granted.^  The  narrative  of  the  presentation  of 
the  signet  to  its  official  custodier  is  of  considerable  interest,  as, 
although  this  seems  to  be  the  only  case  recorded,  the  king  probably 
followed  a  long-established  precedent. 

The  earl  of  Lanark  remained  secretary  until  his  loyalty  to  king  The  civil  war. 
Charles  and  the  defeat  of  the  army  of  the  "  Engagement "  drove  him 
from  office  and  then  from  the  kingdom.  His  place  was  taken,  in 
March  1649,  by  William,  earl  of  Lothian.  Previous  to  his  appoint- 
ment, and  after  the  death  of  king  Charles  i.,  the  signet,  with  other 
seals,  had  been  placed  in  the  chancellor's  custody,  and  parliament 
ordered  the  signet  of  the  late  king  to  be  used  in  his  successor's 
reign.  Afterwards,  in  open  parliament,  it  was  handed  to  the 
marquis  of  Argyll  on  behalf  of  the  new  secretary,  who,  however, 
did  not  hold  it  long.  The  success  of  the  English  invasions  in 
1650  and  1651  led  to  a  complete  overturn  of  the  government  of 
Scotland,  and  the  office  of  lord  secretary  and  keeper  of  the  signet 

'  Acta  (if  Parliament,  vol.  vi.  part  i,  p.  182. 


xxviii      THE  SOCIETY  OF  WRITERS  TO  THE  SIGNET 

fell  into  abeyance.  The  country  had  no  longer  a  separate  and 
independent  administration,  and  there  was  no  place  for  many  of  the 
old  officials.  In  1652  the  court  of  session  was  set  aside,  and  in  its 
stead  came  the  commissioners  for  the  administration  of  justice  in 
Scotland,  a  body  appointed  by  the  EngUsh  executive,  and  holding 
office  during  pleasure.  Several  Scottish  lawyers  of  eminence,  one  or 
two  of  whom  had  been  lords  of  session,  were  placed  upon  the 
commission,  but  its  number  was  made  up  by  the  appointment  of 
Englishmen,  whose  chief  qualification  seems  to  have  been  a  firm 
adherence  to  the  new  government.  The  court,  which  had  no 
president,  was  modelled  upon  a  different  system  from  that  which  it 
H  had  superseded.    The  college  of  justice  became  for  the  time  a  tradition 

rather  than  a  reality,  and  the  society  could  no  longer  be  designed 
as  the  writers  to  his  majesty's  signet.  The  constitution  of  the  court 
of  the  commissioners  was  foreign,  arbitrary,  and  subversive  of  the 
ancient  traditions  and  liberties  of  the  land,  yet  it  has  left  behind  it 
a  good  reputation  for  industry,  and  for  the  fairness  of  its  decisions, 
due  probably  to  the  upright  character  of  some  of  its  leading  members. 
Commissioners  The    Commissioners    of  justice    issued   a  commission    in    1654 

theT*'?!*"'^  appointing  as  deputy  keeper  of  the  signet  an  Englishman  named 
Samuel  Mosley,  who  seems  to  have  been  a  kinsman  of  Edward 
Mosley,  one  of  their  own  number.  Evidently  the  office  had  lain 
for  some  time  vacant,  or  at  least  dormant,  as  appears  from  an 
entry  requiring  writers  who  have  been  admitted  since  1652  to  pay 
Mr.  Mosley  the  casualty  belonging  to  his  place,  which  "  his  pre- 
decessors, keepers  of  the  signet,  were  in  use  to  receive  of  befoir." 
In  1655  the  salary  of  the  keeper  was  reduced  from  £140  to  £100. 
A  new  commission,  recorded  in  1657,  proceeds  from  sir  WUliam 
Lockhart,  younger  of  Lee,  one  of  his  highness'  council  in 
Scotland.^  By  it,  sir  William's  brother,  Mr.  John  Lockhart, 
afterwards   lord   Castlehill,   was    appointed    keeper,    and  a  letter 

'  Sir  William  Lockhart  was  a  well-known      Protector,  whose  niece,  Robina  Shouster,   he 
friend    and   political    adviser    of    the    Lord      married. 


HISTOKY   OF  THE   SOCIETY  xxix 

of  acceptance  from  him  is  recorded  along  with  the  commission. 
In  1658  a  new  name  appears,  that  of  Mr.  James  Crawfurd.  He  is 
always  called  deputy  keeper,  although  there  does  not  seem  to 
have  been  any  principal  keeper  between  lord  Lothian  and  the 
duke  of  Lauderdale,  who  was  appointed  in  1660.* 

There  is  no  mention  in  the  minutes  of  sir  Peter  Wedderburn,  The  society 
afterwards  lord  Gosford,  whose  commission  as  deputy  keeper  was  restoration, 
dated  28th  August  1660.  On  the  17th  of  November  following, 
a  commission  was  produced,  granted  by  John,  earl  of  Lauderdale, 
principal  secretary  of  state  for  Scotland,  appointing  "  Mr.  WilUam 
Schax'pe  keeper  depute  of  his  majesty's  signet."^  The  first 
proceeding  of  the  new  deputy  keeper  was  to  cause  the  society's 
officer  to  be  admitted  of  new  to  his  post,  evidently  on  the  ground 
that  all  proceedings  which  had  been  taken  during  the  former 
administration  wei'e  invalid.  The  officer,  having  been  sworn,  was 
forthwith  ordered  "  to  warn  James  Allan,  late  treasurer,  Mr.  George 
Cruickshank,  late  clerk,  and  William  E,os,  late  proctirator  fiscal 
to  the  commissioners,  writers  to  the  signet  in  the  time  of  the 
late  usurpers,  to  appear  before  the  commissioners  on  Monday 
the  19th  inst.,  and  the  said  clerk  to  produce  the  book  of  register 
in  his  custody."  At  a  meeting,  held  two  days  later,  the  clei'k, 
treasurer,  and  procurator  fiscal  compeared  as  commanded.  Mr. 
George  Cruickshank  was  then  discharged  from  office,  and  declared 
to  be  no  longer  clerk ;  the  fiscal  was  dealt  with  in  the  same 
way ;  and  James  Allan  received  a  new  appointment  as  treasurer 
"  and  keeper  of  the  public  box."  Thus  all  the  office-bearers 
were  summarily  deprived  of  their  old  appointments.  The  officer 
was  next  ordered  "  to  warn  all  writers  to  the  signet,  and  all 
others  pretending  to  be  so  dimng  the  late  usurpation,  to  be  at 

'  Incidental  notices  of  the  signet  during  this  -  Mr.    William  Sharp  was  brother  of  Mr. 

period  inform  us  that  in   1655  a   signet  for  James  Sharp,  minister  of  Crail,  who  a  month 

Scotland  was  engraved  by  an  English  artist,  after  this  date  was  appointed  archbishop  of 

Thomas  Symous,  and  sent  north  in  1656  with  St.  Andrews, 
the  other  seals. 


XXX         THE  SOCIETY  OF  WEITEES   TO  THE  SIGNET 

the  meeting  of  the  commissioners  to-morrow,  at  ten  o'clock,  in 
the  parliament  hall."  On  the  following  day,  the  20th  of  November, 
the  commissioners  met  again,  and  with  them  a  great  number  of 
other  writers,  "  and  also  of  those  pretending  they  had  liberty  to 
be  writers  to  the  signet  during  the  usurpation."  Mr.  Sharp  then 
required  them  all  to  exhibit  to  him  their  warrants  of  admission, 
upon  either  of  the  two  following  days,  discharging  all  those  not 
lawfully  admitted  by  the  lords'  secretaries  for  the  time,"  or  by 
such  "  as  had  power  from  his  majesty,  or  his  royal  progenitors, 
from  exercising  the  office  of  writer  to  the  signet,  at  their  peril." 
Those  writers  who  had  been  admitted  between  1608  and  1650 
produced  their  commissions  on  the  21st  and  2 2d  of  November, 
which  were  then  mmuted  and  returned.  There  appear,  however, 
to  have  been  about  twenty-five  members  of  the  society,  admitted 
after  1650,  whose  commissions  were  now  declared  void  by  reason 
of  failure  to  have  them  formally  renewed.  In  the  course  of  the 
following  year,  eighteen  of  these  members  were  admitted  of  new, 
the  minutes  stating  that  they  had  been  formerly  apprentices  to 
such  and  such  a  member  of  the  society.  Upon  paying  their  fees  a 
second  time  they  received  new  commissions.  Regarding  the  other 
writers  who  were  deprived  by  these  proceedings,  the  minutes  give 
us  no  information.^ 
The  society  On  the  12th  of  January  1663  a  special  meeting  of  the  college 

of  justice,  that  is  to  say,  of  the  advocates,  clerks  of  the  session, 
and  writers  to  his  majesty's  signet,  was  held  in  the  inner  parliament 
house,  to  authorise  payment  of  a  tax  by  the  members  of  the  college 
who  held  land  in  Edinburgh.  The  "  English  usurpers  "  on  a  former 
occasion  had  fixed  the  tax  at  "  one  in  the  hundred,"  on  the  valued 
rents,  and  this  proportion  was  now  to  be  paid — partly  for  behoof  of 
the  lords  of  session  and  partly  for  the  benefit  of  the  king's  revenue. 
At  this  meeting  also,  the  keeper  of  the  parliament  house  was  required 

'  It  may  be  noted  that,  for  some  reason,  the      it  was  0{)ened    by  parliament  for   inbringing 
signet  had  been  closed  at  this  time.     In  1661,      the  king's  rents.  -  ^d) 


taxed  in  1663. 


HISTORY   OF  THE  SOCIETY  xxxi 

to  show  his  warrant,  which,  if  it  was  from  the  magistrates  only,  was 
to  be  null.  He  had  been  appointed  by  the  provost  and  council  of 
Edinburgh  during  "  the  late  cessation  of  administration  of  justice," 
whereas  the  real  power  of  appointment  lay  only  with  the  lords  of 
session.  Incidentally  we  learn  that  a  deputation  was  appointed 
to  wait  upon  the  dean  of  guild  and  town  council  of  Edinburgh  to 
desire  that  "  the  backseats  in  the  loft  of  the  lords  of  session,  in  the 
new  kirk  of  St.  Geilles,"  might,  as  of  old,  be  reserved  for  the 
advocates  and  writers  only. 

Two  subsequent  meetings  of  the  college  of  justice  were  held  SaieofLeith 
on  the  11th  and  16th  of  September  1663,  convened  by  the  dean  of  "  *  ^' 
faculty,  to  obtain  the  consent  of  the  society,  along  with  that  of  the 
faculty  of  advocates,  to  the  sale  of  the  citadel  of  Leith,  by  the  earl  of 
Lauderdale,  on  behalf  of  the  crown,  to  the  magistrates  of  Edinburgh. 
The  purpose  of  the  proposed  sale  is  said  to  be  for  obviating  of  the 
detriment  which  would  arise  to  the  burgh  of  Edinburgh  through 
the  inhabitants  "  by  the  said  citadel,"  trafficking  and  holding 
^lal•kets  there. 

In  a  letter  presented  to  the  commissioners,  on  29th  October  1663, 
lord  Lauderdale  undertook  to  limit  the  number  of  writers  to  the 
signet  to  three-score.  The  commissioners  thanked  his  lordship  for 
the  letter,  but  it  does  not  appear  that  anything  more  came  of  it. 

The  privy  council's  action  against  the  holding  of  conventicles  The  society  and 
caused  some  trouble  to  the  society.  At  a  meeting  on  the  21st 
of  December  1676,  a  list  is  ordered  to  be  drawn  up  of  all  such  aa 
"  keep  chambers  in  the  burgh  of  Edinburgh,  either  as  notaries  or 
unfreemen,"  who  have  not  yet  taken  the  test,  in  terms  of  the  act. 
On  the  14th  of  February  1678,  the  deputy  keeper,  sir  William 
Scharpe,^  summoned  the  writers  to  the  signet  to  a  special  meeting,^ 
and  informed  them  that  he  had  received  special  instructions  from 
the  lords  of  session  to  bring  them  together,  and   to  direct  their 

'  be  had  been  knighted  in  1669.  out  a  formal  excuse  were  fined  a  rex  dollar 

^  ^lethren  absent  from  tl^t  meeting  with-      each. 


xxxii       THE  SOCIETY   OF  WRITEES  TO  THE  SIGNET 

attention  to  the  act  of  regulation  passed  by  the  lords  of  the 
privy  council  on  the  11th  of  the  same  month.  That  act  prescribed 
a  bond  to  be  signed  by  all  members  of  the  college  of  justice,  lords 
of  session,  advocates,  clerks,  and  writers  to  the  signet,  as  well  as 
by  "  heritors,  liferenters,  and  masters  for  their  tennents  and  othei-s." 
This  bond  having  been  read  over  and  considered,  the  society, 
"  in  regard  to  the  great  importance  thereof,"  deferred  further 
action  until  another  meeting  appointed  to  be  held  four  days  later 
in  the  "  inner  house  of  the  parliament  or  new  session  house 
of  Edinburgh."  To  that  meeting  the  brethren  "wer  all  dewlie 
wairned  be  the  officer,  with  certification  to  such  as  wer  absent, 
and  not  excused,  that  each  of  them  should  be  unlawed." 

When  the  society  met  again,  on  the  18th  of  February,  sir 
WUliam  once  more  produced  the  act  and  "  the  bond  of  regularities," 
and,  after  "  serious  consideration,"  the  bond  was  subscribed  by  "  the 
commissioners  and  remanent  bretheren."  The  bond  is  in  the  follow- 
ing terms  : — "  We  under  subscry  vers,  deput  keiper  of,  and  writters 
to  his  majistie's  signet,  doe  faithfuUie  bind  and  oblige  ws  that  we,  our 
wifes,  bairnes,  and  servants  respectivelie  shall  no  wayes  be  present 
at  any  conventicles  and  disorderlie  meittings  in  tyme  comeing,  bot 
shall  live  orderlie  in  obedience  to  ye  law,  under  ye  penalties  contained 
in  the  acts  of  parliament  made  yranent.  As  also,  we  bind  and  oblige 
ws  that  our  whole  tennents  and  cottars  respectively,  yr  wifes,  bairnes, 
and  servants  shall  lykewayes  refraine  and  abstaine  from  the  saids 
conventicles,  and  other  illegall  meittings  not  owtherized  by  the  law, 
and  that  they  sail  live  orderlie  in  obedience  to  the  law,  and  further 
that  we  nor  they  sail  not  resett,  supplie  or  commoun  with  forfitted 
persones,  intercommouned  ministers,  or  vagrant  preachers,  bot  sail 
doe  our  outmost  endeavors  to  apprehend  yr  persones.  And  in  caice 
our  said  tennents,  cottars,  and  yr  forsaids  saU  contravein,  we  shall 
tak  and  apprehend  any  persone  or  persones  gviilty  yrof  and  present 
ym  to  the  judge  ordinar  that  they  may  be  fined  or  imprisoned 
therefor  as  is  provydit  in  the  acts  of  parliament  made  yranent. 


HISTORY  OF  THE  SOCIETY  xxxiii 

Otherwayes  we  shall  remove  ym  and  their  families  from  off  our 
grand.  And  if  we  sail  faillie  yeirin,  we  shall  be  lyable  to  such 
penalties  as  the  said  delinquents  have  incurred  by  the  law,"  etc. 

The  murder  of  archbishop  Sharp  in  1679  was  followed  immedi-  The  college  of 
ately  by  the  rising  in  the  west  country,  which  began  with  defiance  of  foot." 
of  the  ruling  powers  at  Rutherglen,  and  the  defeat  of  Claverhovxse 
at  Drumclog.  These  events  threw  all  adherents  of  the  government 
into  serious  alarm,  and  the  college  of  justice  was  laid  under  warlike 
requisition.  The  writers  to  the  signet  along  with  the  advocates 
"and  certain  clerks  of  session,  met  accordingly  on  13th  June 
1679,"  in  the  parliament  house,  where  they  "elected,  nominat, 
and  choysed"  the  officers  of  the  "  coUedge  of  justice  there  companie 
of  foote,  to  be  putt  out  be  them  for  his  majesty's  service" 
against  the  insurgent  covenanters.  The  officers  chosen  were  sir 
Andrew  Birnie,  advocate,  dean  of  faculty,  captain ;  sir  William 
Sharp  of  StonyhHl,  knight,  keeper  of  his  majesty's  signet,  lievi- 
tenant ;  and  Mr.  James  Grahame,  advocate,  ensign.  On  the  20th 
of  June  following,  Hugh  Wallace,  W.S.,  was  elected  "ayd  lieve- 
tennent "  to  the  company. 

On  15th  June  the  rising  was  brought  to  an  end  by  the  Taxing  the  bills, 
battle  of  Bothwell  brig,  and,  in  the  following  February,  we  find 
the  commissioners  of  the  signet  somewhat  troubled  about  the 
expenses  in  which  the  raising  of  the  company  had  involved  the 
society.  They  consider  several  articles  charged  for  "to  be  very 
high,"  and  they  desire  information  from  the  dean  of  faculty  as  to 
where  the  colours  and  liveries  "  ar  secured,  to  be  made  furthcoming 
when  use  sail  be  of  them  upon  any  future  occasion."  We  learn 
fi:om  a  later  minute  that  the  society's  share  of  the  expenses  of  the 
fitting  out  of  the  college  of  justice  company  of  foot  was  two 
hundred  merks,  being  one-third  of  the  whole  cost.  It  would  be 
interesting  to  know  what  became  of  the  arms,  colours  and  uniforms 
here  referred  to. 

In  the  early  part  of  the  year  1688,  it  was  proposed  by  the 


xxxiv       THE   SOCIETY   OF   WEITEES   TO   THE   SIGNET 
Apprentices  and    government  of  king  James  the  seventh,  that  the  writers  to  the 

anti-popery  riots. 

Signet  should  be  held  bound  "for  their  apprentices  and  servants, 
that  they  shall  live  peaceably  and  obediently  to  the  laws."  The 
occasion   of  this  action   on   the   part   of  the   authorities   was   the 

■r,  occurrence  of  a  serious  riot  at  Holyrood,  excited  by  the  fitting  up 

of  the  royal  chapel  there  as  a  Eoman  catholic  place  of  worship. 
This  seems  to  have  been  the  first  of  a  series  of  outbreaks  preceding 
the  revolution.  The  society,  on  11th  February  1688,  appointed  a 
deputation  to  consult  with  the  lord  president  and  dean  of  faculty  on 
this  subject,  and  to  represent  that  the  members  were  in  a  difierent 
position  from  other  employers,  in  respect  that  their  apprentices  were, 
in  many  cases,  but  little  under  their  control,  and  further,  that  it 
could  not  be  alleged  that  any  of  the  writers'  apprentices  or  servants 
had  been  engaged  in  the  late  tumult. 

The  revolution.  The  fact  of  the  revolution  in   1688-9  is  passed  over  in  silence 

by  the  minutes,  although  the  change  of  government  had  the  efiect 
for  a  time  of  closing  the  signet.  It  was  opened  by  royal  proclama- 
tion on  10th  July  1689,  but  only  fourteen  days  later  it  was  again 
closed  by  parliament  in  consequence  of  a  dispute  between  that 
court  and  the  king  as  to  the  right  to  nominate  the  lords  of  session. 
The  signet  was  reopened  on  15th  October  1689,  while  letters  of 
horning  bearing  date  between  the  arrival  of  kmg  William  in  Britain 
and  the  period  of  reopening  were  declared  to  be  null.^  But  despite 
this  silence  as  to  the  change  of  monarch,  we  find  the  society  some 
years  later,  on  18th  April  1696,  entering  into  a  bond  of  association  for 
support  and  defence  of  his  majesty  king  Wilham's  "  most  sacred  per- 
son and  government,"  and  of  the  protestant  religion,  "against  the 
late  king  James  and  the  pretended  prince  of  Wales  and  all  their 
agents."  We  do  not  wonder,  after  this,  to  find  a  like  zeal  shown  by 
the  society  regarding  members  of  its  own  body,  and  when,  on  the 

•  There  is  a  slight  reference  to  passing  events  slone  of  the  revolutione  and  confusiones  in  the 
in  a  minute  of  7th  December  1692,  where  it  is  countrie,  there  has  not  been  a  full  meetting  of 
stated  "that  this  long  tyme  bygane  by  occa-      the  wry  tters. " 


HISTORY   OF  THE   SOCIETY  ^±iit 

5th  of  April  1697,  the  commissioners  were  told  that  John  Alexander,  An  alleged 

"  late  wryter  to  the  signet,  one  of  ther  pensioners,"  had  "  turned  W'^^^* '°  ^^^ 

papist,"   the    payments   to   him   were    stopped  "  untill   he  declair 

under  his  hand  that  he  is  not  papist,  and  renounces  the  principles 

thereof."      The  poor  man,  however,  seems  to  have  been  unjustly  1 

accused,  as,   on   the   24th  of    November   following,   a   committee 

appointed  for  this  matter  was  able  to  report  that  John  Alexander 

had  "renounced  and  disowned  all  popery,  and  principles  thereof, 

and  that  he  never  maintained  the  same,  and  that  it  was  a  calumnie 

against  him."     His  pension  was  accordingly  at  once  restored. 

In  the  same  year  George  Dallas  of  St.  Martin's,  W.S.,  presented  J^^Uas' 
to  the  society  for  the  use  of  its  members,  his  "  Book  of  Styles,"  which 
seems  to  have  been  the  first   book   owned   by  the  writers  to  the 
signet  as  a  body.^ 

Incidentally  it  may  be  noted  that  in  1697,  John  Cheisley,  a  son,  John  Cheisley. 
or  possibly  a  nephew,  of  John  Cheisley  of  Dairy,  the  notorious 
assassin  of  lord  president  sir  George  Lockhart  of  Lee,  was  admitted 
a  writer  to  the  signet.  He  seems  to  have  been  possessed  by 
something  of  the  extraordinary  disposition  and  obstinate  temper 
which  characterised  the  ill-fated  laird  of  Dairy,  and  his  well-known 
daughter,  Kachel,  lady  Grange.  John  Cheisley  was  but  ten  years 
a  member  of  the  society,  yet  his  name  occurs  seventeen  times  in 
the  minutes — a  prominence  due  to  his  frequent  irregularities  and 
malversations,  which,  in  the  end,  led  to  his  being  deprived  of  his 
commission. 

On  1st  December  1701,  the  society  approved  of  an  address  for  Death  of  king 
presentation  to  king  William,  "  upon  this  junctier,"  by  which  term    '""*^ 
they  evidently  mean  the   recent  death  of  king  James  vii.     The 
address  was  signed  by  "  the  wholl  body  of  the  wreitters  present." 

By  the  treaty  of  union  in   1707  it  is  enacted   that   vacancies  tuo  union. 

^  In  1706,  also,  the  society  showed  its  revise  "  a  parcel]  of  styles,"  which  the  author, 
interest  in  legal  literature  by  appointing  a,  Mr.  John  Spotswood,  advocate,  submitted  for 
committee  of    the    writers    to   consider    and      the  purpose,  prior  to  publication. 


xxxvi      THE   SOCIETY   OF   WRITERS   TO   THE   SIGNET 


Episcopal 
clergy. 


Precautions 

against 

Jacobites. 


among  the  lords  ordinary  in  the  court  of  session,  in  the  filling 
up  of  which  there  had  previously  been  no  restriction,  should  hence- 
forward be  filled  by  the  appointment  of  advocates  or  writers  to 
the  signet  only. 

In  1711  and  1712  events  outside  the  society  are  noticed  by 
occasional  collections  among  its  members  for  the  rehef  of  those 
ministers  who,  refusing  to  conform  to  presbytery,  had  been  re- 
duced to  great  straits.  On  the  27th  of  November  1712,  a  general 
meeting  "  haveing  considered  a  petition  given  in  by  the  episcopal 
clergie,  doe  appoint  master  James  Baillie,  present  thesaurer, 
to  pay  to  their  collectors  a  sum  not  exceeding  ten  pounds  sterling 
of  charitie,  and  that  with  his  first  conveniency."  This  is  from 
"  the  box  "  ;  but,  at  the  same  time,  it  is  "  resolved  that  a  voluntar 
contribution  be  collected  from  all  the  members  of  the  societie."  In 
supplement  of  the  above  donation,  directions  are  given  also  that  a 
report  be  presented  to  the  first  general  meeting  setting  forth  "how 
the  said  money  is  applyed."  Other  voluntary  contributions  for  this 
purpose  were  frequently  made  from  this  time  onwards  till  1751, 
In  1745  the  collection  amounted  to  ,£20,  2s.  6d. 

We  find  evidence  of  the  disturbance  of  the  political  atmosphere 
in  1715,  in  the  minute  of  the  9th  of  November  in  that  year,  which 
relates  that  the  members  of  the  society  were  "  advertised  that  they 
should  take  care  what  persons  they  take  into  their  chambers  as 
prentices  or  servants,  and  that  they  should  entertain  none  but  those 
who  should  be  well  afiected  to  the  government,  and  make  no 
disturbance  in  the  place."  On  the  17th  of  the  same  month,  Chai-les 
Chalmers  of  Portlethin,  a  member  of  the  society,  but  not  in  legal 
practice,  was  killed  at  Sheriffmuir,  fighting  for  the  chevalier. 

The  rising  of  1745  was  joined  by  John  Hay  of  Eestalrig,  W.S., 
who  had  held  office  as  fiscal,  treasurer,  and  substitute  keeper  of 
the  signet.  He  was  appointed  treasurer  to  prince  Charles,  and 
ultimately  fled  with  him  to  France.  In  1746  he  was  attainted  on 
a  charge  of  treason.     Mr.  Colquhoun  Grant,  W.S.,  also  joined  the 


HISTOKY  OF  THE  SOCIETY  xxxvii 

army  of  the  chevalier.     At  the  battle  of  Prestonpans  he  particularly 
distinguished  himself.^ 

On  the   18th  of  June   1746,    on  a  request  from   the  lords   of  The  duke  of 
session,   the    society    agreed   to   join  the   other   divisions   of    the  Cumberland, 
college  of  justice  in  waiting  "  in  their  formality s,  attended  by  their 
clerks,"  upon  the  duke  of  Cumberland,  on  his  return  from  the  north 
after  CuUoden. 

In  1759  the  society,  in  view  of  a  threatened  French  invasion,  French  in vasior 
unanimously  voted  a  hundred  guineas   "as  an  encouragement   to 
persons  to  enlist  themselves  in  his  majesty's  service,  for  the  defence 
of  their  country."    In   1778  a  sum  of  five   hundred  guineas   was  War  with 
voted  towards  raising  in  Edinburgh  a  regiment  for  service  in  the     '"^'^"'*' 
American  war.  ;. 

In  1779  an  address  was  presented  to  king  George  iii.  by  the 
coUege  of  justice  and  the  court  of  exchequer  "  upon  the  present 
situation  of  public  affairs,"  which  appears  to  refer  to  the  war  then 
going  on  against  America  and  Fx'ance.  It  is  signed  for  the  college 
of  justice  by  the  heads  of  the  several  bodies,  judges,  advocates, 
and  writers  to  the  signet.  In  1792,  the  society,  having  evidently 
in  view  the  contest  in  which  the  country  was  involved  with  the 
French  revolutionaiy  government,  resolved  unanimously  "  that  the 
members,  feeling  themselves  free  and  happy  under  the  present 
excellent  and  unrivalled  constitution,  held  it  their  duty  and 
their  interest  to  support  and  defend  it,  and  that  at  the  hazard  of 
their  lives  and  fortunes."  On  the  12th  of  February  1798,  two 
hundred  guineas  were  subscribed  towards  the  support  of  the  state 
"  at  the  present  crisis  of  affairs,"  and  it  was  further  resolved  that,  if 
government  should  require  additional  aid,  the  society  would,  from 
time  to  time,  come  "  cheerfully  forward  and  give  every  assistance  in 
their  power."    On  the  10th  of  July  following,  the  members  assessed 

'  The  prince,  at  the  first  levee  held  by  him      himself  as  a  mark  of  personal  esteem.     See 
at  Holyrood-house,  publicly  thanked  Mr.  Grant,      Kay's  Portraits,  vol.  i.  pp.  418,  419. 
and  presented  him  with  a  small  profile  cast  of 


xxxviii    THE  SOCIETY   OF   WKITERS  TO  THE  SIGNET 

themselves  for  a  year  at  the  rate  of  two  per  cent,  on  their  valued 
rent  for  the  relief  of  the  wives  and  families  of  soldiers  engaged  in 
the  French  war.  In  1814  there  is  a  minute  of  an  address  presented 
to  the  prince  I'egent,  signifying  the  satisfaction  of  the  society 
at  the  happy  state  of  public  affairs,  and  the  prospect  of  peace, 
arising  from  the  close  of  the  war  and  the  surrender  of  Paris. 
The  war  broke  out  anew  in  the  following  year,  but  the  long  peace 
which  followed  the  campaign  of  1815  not  unfitly  represents  the 
state  of  the  society  during  the  same  period.  Its  external 
history  thenceforth  is  mainly  the  history  of  the  library,  the  new 
buildings  for  which  were  completed  in  1815. 

In  1822  the  society's  attention  was  turned  towards  the  opening 
up  of  swifter  communication  between  Edinburgh  and  London.  A 
committee  appointed  for  this  purpose,  having  considered  several 
proposed  alterations  of  the  road,  reported  in  favour  of  one  by  which 
the  mail  should  "  run  from  Catterick  Bridge  by  Hexham,  crossing 
the  waterfall,  and  thence  to  Edinburgh  by  Jedburgh."  This  route, 
they  found,  would  save  thirty-three  miles,  and,  allowing  for  five 
stoppages,  could  be  travelled  in  forty-two  hours,  so  that  letters 
might  be  delivered  in  the  one  city  on  the  second  day  after  theii' 
despatch  from  the  other. 

The  minutes  contain  various  notices  of  the  society's  share  in  the 
reception  of  king  George  iv.,  on  his  visit  to  Edinbvirgh  in  that 
year.  In  1842  also  there  are  similar  entries  referring  to  the  first 
visit  of  queen  Victoria  and  the  prince  consort  to  Scotland. 

In  1838  the  society  petitioned  parUament  in  favour  of  Mr. 
Eowland  Hill's  scheme  of  postal  reform. 

In  1859  some  traces  of  the  old  military  spirit  of  the  society 
appear  in  a  minute  which  provides  for  the  embodying  of  a  writers 
to  the  signet  company  of  the  city  of  Edinburgh  rifle  volunteer 
corps. 

In  August  1871  the  writers  to  the  signet  joined  with  other 
public  bodies  in  celebrating  the  hundreth  anniversary  of  the  birth 


HISTORY   OF   THE   SOCIETY  xxxix 

of  Sir  Walter  Scott,  who  was  the  son  of  a  writer  to  the  signet,  and 
himself  an  apprentice. 

No  better  conclusion  of  its  history  can  be  found  than  one  of  Her  majesty's 

1  .   ,  p  jubilee. 

the  last  entries  in  the  minutes  for  the  year  1887,  which  refers  to 
an  address  to  queen  Victoria  congratulating  her  majesty  on  the 
completion  of  the  jubilee  of  her  glorious  reign.^ 

The  society  has  passed  through  many  varied  experiences,  and 
some  of  these  have  wrought  their  changes  upon  the  working  Hfe  of 
its  members.  Nevertheless,  the  outstanding  mark  of  their  calling 
remains  as  of  old,  that  they  write  to  her  majesty's  signet;  and 
the  loyalty  of  the  writers  to  the  queen  tinder  whom  they  now 
serve  is  quickened  by  the  memory  of  the  society's  time-honoured 
connection  with  the  long  line  of  the  Scottish  monarchs.  ,, 

In  addition  to  the  general  history  of  the  society,  a  few  parti- 
culars of  what  may  be  called  its  more  personal  history,  may  now 
be  noticed.  These  are  more  easily  treated  separately  from  the 
main  narrative.  Among  such  particulars,  a  brief  reference  to  the 
deputy  keepership  claims  the  first  place. 


OFFICE  OF  THE  DEPUTY  KEEPEE. 

The  ancient  dignity  of  lord  secretary  or  secretary  for  Scotland 
was  abolished  in  1746,  and  the  keepership  of  the  signet  thus 
became  vacant.  Thenceforth  till  1817  the  keeper  of  the  signet  was 
appointed  as  a  separate  officer.  In  1817  the  office  was  united  to 
that  of  lord  clerk  register,  and  it  is  still  held  by  that  official.  The 
restoration  in  1885  of  the  Scottish  secretaryship  of  state  revived 

'  In  honour  of  the  same  occasion  the  society  keepers  of  the  signet  during  the  past  fifty  years 

also  erected   in  the  upper  hall  of  the  signet  of  her  majesty's  reign  ;  and  of  Colin  Mackenzie 

library,  a  stained  glass  window,  bearing  along  of  Portmore,  Richard  Mackenzie  of  Dolphinton, 

with  the  royal  arms  and  the  arms  of  the  society,  James  Hope,  John  Clerk  Brodie  of  Idvies,  and 

the  arms  of  James  Andrew,  marquis  of  Dal-  Charles  Bowman  Logan,  deputy  keepers  during 

housie,  sir  William  Gibson  Craig  of  Biccarton,  the  same  period. 
bart. ,  and  George  Frederick,  earl  of  Glasgow, 


deputy  keeper. 


xl  THE   SOCIETY   OF   WEITEES   TO   THE   SIGNET 

only  a  part  of  the  powers  of  the  lord  secretary,  and  did  not 
revive  his  former  position  as  keeper  of  the  signet. 
Functions  of  the  In  the  keeper's  absence  the  deputy  keeper  of  the  signet  is  head 
of  the  society,  and  as  such  is  entitled  to  preside  at  all  business  meet- 
ings. The  powers  conferred  by  the  commissions  granted  in  favour 
of  successive  deputy  keepers  have  varied  a  good  deal.  In  1594 
Mr.  John  Layng  had  been  designed  by  sir  Richard  Cockburn  his 
"depute  and  keeper  of  the  signet,"  a  style  which  recurs  in  later 
appointments.  In  the  minutes  of  the  society,  Mr.  Layng's  style  is 
"  secreter  deput"  or  "  secretare  depute  and  keiper  of  the  signet." 
Not  only  so,  but  special  powers  seem  to  have  been  given  to  Mr. 
Layng  in  the  year  1597,  when  king  James  the  sixth,  with  consent 
of  his  council  and  exchequer,  and  also  of  his  secretary  "  then  for 
the  tyme  be  virtue  of  his  dimissoun,"  granted  to  Mr.  John  Layng, 
keeper  of  his  majesty's  signet,  for  his  lifetime,  "  all  and  haill  that 
pairt  of  the  office  of  the  secretarie  sa  far  as  may  be  extendit  to  the 
keiping  and  custodie  of  his  maiesteis  signetis  great  and  small, 
(exceptand  the  court  signet  ordinarlie  vesit  to  all  suche  thingis 
whilk  pas  the  counsaill  tabill)  together  with  all  and  sindrie  feis," 
and  all  other  privileges.  This  grant  was  duly  confirmed  by  parlia- 
ment in  the  year  1609,^  but  the  special  nature  of  Mr.  Layng's 
appointment  is  implied  by  a  clause  enacting  that  in  future  the 
keeping  of  the  signets  should  be  at  the  disposal  of  his  majesty's 
secretaries,  the  present  gift  being  no  prejudice  of  their  right. 

The  quorum  of  commissioners  in  1594  is  fixed  by  sir  Richard 
at  nine,  including  always  the  deputy  keeper.  The  quorum,  how- 
ever, was  afterwards  reduced  to  four ;  the  keeper  of  the  signet  being 
convener,  and  sine  quo  non.  In  1642,  however,  the  then  secretary, 
William,  earl  of  Lanark,  named  a  commissioner  who,  in  the  deputy 
keeper's   absence,   should  take  his   place  as   a   necessary   member 

Date  of  grant,  17th  March  1596-7. — Acts  of     may  be  connected  with  the  appointment  of  the 
the  Parliaments  of  Scotland,  vol.  iv.   p.  448.       "Octavians." 
The  reference  to  the  secretary's  "dimission" 


HISTORY  OF   THE  SOCIETY  xli 

of  the  quorum.  The  commissioners  then  appointed  were  ten  in 
number,  inckiding  "  Mr.  Harie  Maule,  present  keeper  of  the  signet, 
or  any  four  of  them,  conjunctly  with  the  said  Mr.  Harie,  and 
in  case  of  his  absence"  Mr.  George  Haldin,  W.S.  The  com- 
mission issued  in  1660,  in  favour  of  sir  William  Sharp  and  eight 
commissioners,  specifies  as  a  quorum  any  four  of  them,  the  keeper 
of  the  signet  being  always  one,  and  sine  quo  non.  Later  com- 
missions are  in  similar  terms,  and  a  memorial  transmitted  by 
the  society  to  the  home  secretaries,  in  1731,  states  that  the 
keeper  "  has  the  power  of  calling  and  adjourning  meetings  of  the 
society,"  and  "  that  he  is  a  necessary  constituent  member  in  such 
meetings,  and  presides  there  ex  officio."  The  quorum  was  after- 
wards reduced  to  three.  The  more  recent  practice  does  not  require 
the  presence  of  the  keeper  or  the  deputy  keeper  at  every  meeting, 
and  when  questions  regarding  the  deputy  keeper's  office  were  brought 
before  the  court  of  session,  in  1828,  it  was  not  disputed  that  meet- 
ings of  the  society  might  be  held  in  the  absence  of  these  officers. 

In  the  great  majoi-ity  of  instances  the  deputy  keeper  has  been  Elections  of 
chosen  from  the  members  of  the  society  ;  generally  from  among  its  ^^  ^^*'' 
most  distinguished  members.  Two  exceptions  to  this  practice  are 
Mr.  James  Law,  appointed  joint  deputy  keeper  on  the  26th  of 
December  1627,  and  admitted  a  writer  to  the  signet  two  years 
later ;  and  Mr.  James  Hope,  appointed  joint  deputy  keeper  on  the 
12th  of  January  1828,  and  admitted  a  writer  to  the  signet  on  the 
4th  of  July  following.  More  notable  examples  of  departure  from 
the  rule  of  selection  from  within  the  society  were  the  appointments 
of  Samuel  Mosley  in  1654,  lord  Castlehill  in  1657,  and  sir  WiUiam 
Sharp  in  1660.  All  these  nominations,  however,  bear  evidence  of 
having  been  made  for  political  reasons.  Mosley  was  an  English- 
man, and  a  partisan  of  the  dominant  alien  government.  Whatever 
his  personal  merits  may  have  been,  he  had  no  natural  claim  upon 
the  favour  of  the  writei's  to  the  signet.  His  appointment  was.  Objections  to 
moreover,   obnoxious  as    proceeding   from   the   new  court   of  the  pointment. 


xKi  THE  SOCIETY  OF  WEITEES  TO  THE   SIGNET 

commissioners  for  the  administration  of  justice  in  Scotland,  which 
had  usurped,  in  part,  the  privileges  of  the  lord  secretary's  oflSce, 
and  to  which  new  authority  the  society  owed  no  allegiance.  It  is  not, 
therefore,  surprising  to  find  that  the  members  were  unwilling  to 
submit  to  the  depute  thus  thrust  upon  them.  No  sooner  was  his 
commission  recorded  than  the  commissioners,  on  the  1 3th  of  March, 
proceeded  to  ignore  his  title  so  far  as  to  place  one  of  their  number 
in  the  chair.  They  "all  with  one  consent,  electit  and  choysed 
John  Sempell  preses  for  the  affaris  of  their  present  meeting,  and  to 
continue  to  the  first  day  of  Junii  nixt  to  cum."  The  minutes  bear- 
ing on  the  subject  are  simple  and  formal,  but  they  contain  traces 
of  a  struggle  about  which  further  information  would  be  welcome.  It 
says  not  a  little  for  the  spirit  of  the  commissioners  that  the  unequal 
strife  ended  in  a  compromise.  It  was  impossible  to  hold  out  against 
the  ruling  powers,  but,  on  the  12th  of  January  1655,  the  com- 
missioners managed  to  save  their  position  while  yet  yielding  the 
chair  to  the  nominee  of  the  government.  They  "  elected  and 
nominated  Samuell  Mosely,  keeper  of  the  signet,  preses  for  the  affairs 
of  the  present  meeting,  and  to  continue  whill  the  first  day  of 
August  next  to  cum,  and  thaireftir  whill  he  be  discharged."  The 
peculiarity  of  the  circumstances  may  be  held  to  justify  these 
extraordinary  proceedings.  Doubts,  however,  seem  to  have  arisen 
regarding  the  keeper's  right  to  preside  at  meetings  of  the  society, 
and  in  1828,  as  has  been  already  mentioned,  this  matter  was 
brought  before  the  court  of  session.  The  case  was  not  carried  to 
a  decision;  and,  with  the  exception  above  stated,  the  keeper,  or 
his  deputy,  has  always  been  in  use  to  preside  at  meetings  of  the 
society,  and  when  either  of  these  officers  is  present  and  willing  to 
act,  he  is  of  necessity  president  of  the  meeting. 

POBMER   MEETING-PLACES   OF   THE   SOCIETY. 

The  king's 

secretary  had  Ministers  of  state  had,  in  former  times,  no  official  place  of  busi- 

no  omcial  '  '  ^ 

residence.  ncss,  Hor  was  there  anything  corresponding  to  what  we  now  call  a 


HISTOKY   OF   THE   SOCIETY  xliii 

public  office,  unless  indeed  the  tolbooth  of  Edinburgh,  which  gave 
accommodation  to  a  good  many  different  pubhc  departments,  could  be 
so  called.  The  lord  secretary,  like  other  public  servants,  carried  on 
the  work  of  his  administration  in  his  own  dwelling-house,  and  there 
the  royal  signet  was  kept.  When  Edinburgh  became  the  per- 
manent capital  of  the  country,  and,  as  such,  the  place  of  the  king's 
state  residence,  the  public  convenience  required  that  there  the 
lord  secretary  and  other  ministers  of  state  should  reside  for  the 
purposes  of  national  business.  Their  work,  however,  continued  to 
be  done  in  their  own  houses.  In  like  manner,  the  writers  to  the 
signet  carried  on  the  business  of  the  lord  secretary's  department,  and 
other  official  work,  in  their  private  houses  in  Edinburgh,  or  in  their 
own  chambers  or  "  writing  booths."  For  this  reason,  and  as  the 
society  had  as  yet  no  local  habitation,  the  places  of  meeting  named  Meetings  of 
in  the  earlier  minutes  vary  considerably.  Frequently  we  have  no  '^  ^""^'^  ^' 
information  on  this  head,  and  must  content  ourselves  with  knowing 
that  the  sederunt  was  held  "at  Edinburgh."  Of  the  meeting-places 
mentioned  we  find  that,  on  15th  November  1596,  the  writers  met  in 
the  new  kirk;  on  28th  July  1599  and  17th  January  1606,  in  the 
"laiche  tolbuith";  on  15th  March  1606,  7th  December  1612,  and 
29th  June  1618,  in  the  "heiche  tolbuith";  on  4th  April  1607,  in 
Holyrood-house ;  on  22d  November  1609,  in  the  deputy  keeper's 
house;  and  on  8  th  August  1618,  in  "the  wry  ting  chalmer  of 
Adame  Lawtie,  ane  of  the  commissioneris."  On  the  11th  of  Decem- 
ber 1627,  a  general  meeting  is  held  at  the  "tolbuith  of  Edinburgh," 
and  it  is  then  resolved  that  "aU  the  wrytters  to  the  signet  sail 
heireftir  keip  four  generall  quarterhe  meetings  in  every  year  in  the 
tolbuith  of  Edinburgh,  upon  the  first  Monday  of  every  quarter,  in 
the  foirnoone."  On  the  23d  of  June  1628,  a  meeting  is  held  "in 
Robert  Alexanderis  chalmer,  wryter  in  Edinburgh,  and  ane  of  the 
keiparis  of  the  signet."  On  the  15th  of  November  1633,  "the 
brethrene  convenit  in  the  dwellinghous  of  Mr.  James  Gordoun,  ane 
of  the  twa  keiparis ; "  and  on  the  23d  of  that  month,  again  in  the 


xliv         THE   SOCIETY   OF  WRITEKS  TO  THE   SIGNET 

"hich  hall"  of  Mr.  Gordoun's  house.  On  28th  December  1633, 
7th  January  1636,  and  23d  February  1639,  meetings  are  held  in  the 
"signet  chalmer;"  on  9th  January  1647,  in  the  "auld  sessioun 
house;"  on  11th  January  1648,  in  the  parliament  house;  and  on 
13th  March  1654,  in  the  new  session  house  of  Edinburgh.  It 
would  seem  that  the  society's  ordinary  meeting-place  was  either 
some  one  of  the  offices  in  the  tolbooth,  or  the  deputy  keeper's  house, 
but  the  convenience  of  members  might,  at  any  time,  cause  a 
change  in  the  place  of  meeting.  The  "  signet  chalmer "  and  the 
auld  session  house  appear  to  have  been  in  the  tolbooth.  The  new 
session  house  was  in  the  newly  built  parliament  bouse.  The  new 
kirk  was  the  eastern  part  of  St.  Giles',  known  also  as  the  little 
kirk,  and  the  high  kirk.  In  the  society's  accounts  for  1616  there 
occurs  a  payment  of  £6  to  the  keeper  of  the  "heich  tolbooth 
quherin  the  brether  convenit." 
OfiBce  of  the  It  was  uot  till  1695  that  steps  are  taken  to  secure  for  the  society 

•ociety,  1695.  ,( ^^^  convenient  house,  where  the  signet  office,  and  warrants 
thereof  may  be  kept,  and  the  wryters  may  meet  upon  all  occasions." 
In  May  of  the  following  year,  arrangements  were  made  for  furnishing 
and  finishing  the  "  new  lodging  "  bought  in  terms  of  previous  resolu- 
tions. Thereafter  follow  a  number  of  entries  giving  minute  details 
of  the  furnishing  and  fitting  up  of  the  offices,  even  to  the  ordering  of 
a  dollar  of  drink-money  to  be  paid  to  the  wright  employed  at  the 
work.  The  court  off  the  High  Street  in  which  the  new  office  stood, 
was  named  the  Writers'  Court ;  and  the  society  had  the  name  put 
up  in  gUt  letters  over  its  entrance  gate.  In  1704,  the  treasurer  waa 
appointed  "  to  putt  up  a  broad  "  in  the  office,  bearing,  in  gold  letters, 
the  "  names  of  all  the  writei's  that  did  contribute  to  the  buying  of 
the  house,  and  what  soumes  were  advanced  by  each  of  them  for  that 
end."  The  same  practice,  according  to  a  custom  of  the  times,  had 
previously  been  followed  in  the  case  of  donors  to  the  box  for  the 
poor.  When  the  new  buUdings  were  erected  in  Parliament  Square 
the  signet  office  was  established  in  them,  and  thenceforward  the 


WRITERS'     COURT 


HISTORY   OF   THE  SOCIETY  xlv 

meetings  of  the  society  have  been  held  in  the  hall  of  the  library. 
In  1826  the  signet  office  was  removed  to  its  present  quarters,  H.M. 
Register  House. 

APPRENTICES  AND  INTRANTS. 

It  has  been  said  that  "there  is  no  cii-cumstance  which  has  so  Training  of 
much  contributed  to  place  the  society  of  writers  to  the  signet  a.pprentice8. 
in  the  honourable  rank  which  it  has  so  long  held,  as  the 
attention  which  has  been  paid  to  the  education,  both  general  and 
professional,  of  their  apprentices.  There  is  indeed  no  law  associa- 
tion in  the  kingdom  which  has  shown  so  much  anxiety  on  the 
subject."  This  statement  is  fully  borne  out  by  a  perusal  of  the 
minutes.  The  many  regulations  on  the  subject,  however,  need 
not  be  fully  detailed  here,  but  the  earliest  references  to  apprentices 
of  the  society  may  be  noted. 

In  the  minutes  of  1594,  it  was  resolved,  as  already  mentioned, 
that  the  number  of  members  should  be  limited,  and  no  new 
ordinary  writer  to  the  signet  admitted  until  the  whole  number 
of  ordinary  members  be  reduced  to  twenty-four.  Intrants,  how- 
ever, continued  to  be  admitted  until  the  numbers  of  the  society 
increased  from  thirty-eight  in  1594,  to  forty-five  in  1609.  In 
1598,  the  period  of  apprenticeship  was  fixed  at  three  years.  But  Regulations  as 
the  practice  varied  greatly  at  different  times ;  and  the  regula-  *" '"  ®"*"''*^- 
tions  as  to  the  length  of  the  apprenticeship  were  often  departed 
from.  By  an  act  of  1610,  it  was  required  that  all  writers  to 
the  signet  "  quhen  thai  salliappin  to  ressave  ony  personis  prenteissis 
to  thaim,"  shall  do  so  by  an  indenture  binding  the  apprentice 
to  serve  seven  years  from  its  date.  It  was  fiu'ther  appointed 
that  the  indenture,  on  its  execution,  should  be  produced  to  the 
commissioners,  who  should  cause  a  note  of  it  to  be  recorded 
in  the  "  register  bulk  of  the  actis  of  the  saidis  ordinar  wryteris." 
In  the  event  of  a  master  dying  before  the  expiry  of  his 
apprentice's    indenture,  the    commissioners    were    to    assign    the 


xlvi        THE   SOCIETY  OF  WRITEES   TO   THE  SIGNET 

apprentice  to  another  writer  to  the  signet,  whom  he  should  serve 
to  the  end  of  his  term.  On  23d  July  1628,  this  act  was  ratified, 
with  the  further  provision  that  for  each  indenture,  the  apprentice 
should  pay  ten  merks,  five  to  the  box,  and  five  to  the  clerk  to  the 
commissioners.  In  1629  it  was  further  required  that,  in  addition 
to  serving  an  apprenticeship,  an  intrant  must  be  twenty-five  years 
of  age  before  he  could  be  admitted  into  the  society.  In  1638  it  is 
enacted  that  if  the  apprentice  duty  be  not  paid  within  forty  days 
of  entering  the  indenture,  the  fee  shall  be  doubled  and  the  master 
shall  pay  it.  In  1630  there  occurs  a  somewhat  remarkable  entry 
of  the  booking  of  an  indenture,  by  which  Andrew  Robertson  is 
apprenticed  to  John  Cok  for  three  years  only,  and  the  commis- 
sioners dispense  with  the  "  prenteis  dewtie,  for  gude  consideratiouns 
moving  thame."  It  would  be  interesting  to  know  what  these  con- 
siderations were.  From  this  time  forward  the  act  requiring  a  seven 
years'  apprenticeship  was  systematically  disregarded.  Three,  four, 
or  five  years  became  usual  terms.  Sometimes  two  years,  or  even 
one  year,  was  accepted,  and  for  a  long  time  there  was  no  regular 
pi-actice  on  the  subject. 
Military  clause  One  clauso  iu  the  early  indentures  is  not  usual  in  the  present 

tur^!  ^  day,  and  is  suggestive  of  the  state  of  the  country.     In  1627  military 

duties  Avere  imposed  on  the  apprentices  as  part  of  their  service. 
Every  apprentice  was  required  to  have  "a  competent  stand  of 
musterable  armes  to  lye  to  his  use  in  the  commone  storehous  or 
magasin  of  the  wrytteris."  Moreover  it  was  provided  that  if  an 
apprentice  died  before  completing  his  term  of  service,  or  forsook  the 
calling,  his  arms  should  remain  the  property  of  the  society.  Clerks 
as  well  as  apprentices  were  required  to  bear  arms,  and  a  regular 
system  of  military  drill  was  established.  It  does  not  appear, 
however,  that  the  military  services  of  the  body  so  formed  were  ever 
called  into  actual  warfare,  though  their  existence  as  a  "  company  of 
foote"  is  noted  in  1679.  The  subsisting  "Regulations  respecting 
apprentices  and  intrants  "  will  be  found  printed  in  the  appendix. 


HISTOEY    OF   THE    SOCIETY  xlvii 


GOWNS    WORN   BY   MEMBERS. 

There  are  several  regulations  made  by  the  early  writers  to  the  Kariy  regu- 
signet  as  to  the  wearing  of  gowns  by  members  of  their  society,  to  gowns. 
Thus  it  is  laid  down,  8th  Nov.  1609  : — "  Since  the  habite  suld  dis- 
tinguische  every  one  in  his  calling,  all  wrytteris  to  the  signet  are 
heireftir,  induring  thair  stay  within  Edinburgh,  bothe  in  thair  cuming 
abrode  in  the  streittis  and  in  thair  wreitting  boathe,  to  wear  all  the 
day  long  (except  he  walk  or  ryde  abroade  without  the  towne  for 
recreatioun),  a  gowne  in  suche  forme  as  salbe  sett  downs  by  the 
commissioneris."  Those  having  no  gowns  are  to  be  suspended  from 
office  until  they  get  them.  Again,  on  9th  March  1610,  the 
commissioners  enact  that  no  ordinary  writer  to  the  signet,  in 
time  of  session,  be  found  within  the  burgh  of  Edinburgh,  "upon  the 
gate "  without  his  gowne  upon  him,  under  pain  of  deprivation. 
These  injunctions  seem  to  have  emanated  from  a  royal  command, 
as  appears  from  a  letter  of  king  James  vi.  to  the  lord  chancellor, 
Alexander,  earl  of  Dunfermline,  and  the  president  and  other  lords 
of  the  college  of  justice,  in  which  the  king  states  that  his  regard  for 
the  dignity  of  the  college  of  justice  had  moved  him  "  to  prsescribe 
decent  habites  to  the  whoUe  members  thereof  according  to  their 
seuerall  degrees,  with  expres  commandement  that  the  same  should 
be  prseciselie  obserued  and  the  contraueners  censured  "  ;  and  that  of 
late  he  had  heard  "that  diuers  of  that  body,  but  in  speciall  some 
lawyers  and  writers  to  the  signet,  do  not  weare  the  habite  prsescribed 
to  them,  but  walk  commonlie  in  clokes."  He  therefore  desires  that 
all  who  have  the  honour  to  be  of  the  college  of  justice  be  ordained 
"  everie  one  of  them  in  their  seuerall  degrees  to  Aveare  their  said 
habites  at  all  tymes  and  at  all  places  therein  conteyned."  ^  This 
regulation,  having  been  often  transgressed,  was  frequently  renewed  ; 
the  last  re-enactment  of  it  being  in  1750. 

'  Memorials  of  the  Earls  of  Haddington,  vol.  ii  p.  73. 


xlviii      THE  SOCIETY    OF  WRITEKS  TO  THE  SIGNET 

That  the  commissioners  were  thoroughly  in  earnest  on  the  9th 
AbacucBisset  of  March  1610,  is  shown  by  their  action  in  the  case  of  Abacuc  or 
adventures.  Habakkuk  Bisset,  whom  they  suspended  at  that  meeting  for  the 
double  offence  of  having  his  residence  in  Aberdeen,  and  neither  wear- 
ing nor  having  a  gown.  Mr.  Bisset,  it  is  to  be  feared,  was  an  offence 
to  his  brethren.  He  was,  if  we  may  judge  from  what  is  recorded 
about  him,  a  man  of  crabbed  temperament,  apt  to  get  into  quarrels 
or  scrapes,  stiff  in  his  manner,  like  his  own  handwriting,  of  which 
a  good  many  specimens  exist.  He  also  passed  the  great  part  of 
life  minus  four  fingers  of  his  left  hand,  about  the  loss  of  which 
he  tells  a  pathetic  tale.  In  the  year  1587,  when,  if  tradition  is 
to  be  trusted,  he  was  about  twenty-six  years  of  age,  he  was  a 
writer  to  the  signet,  and  at  that  time  residing  in  Edinburgh.  It 
would  appear  that  in  the  exercise  of  his  profession,  he  had  given 
offence  to  two  gentlemen  of  the  name  of  Hamilton,  who,  as  he  teUs 
us  in  his  complaint  to  the  privy  council,  "consavit  ane  deidlie  feid 
and  haitrent"  against  him.  Not  only  did  they  refuse  to  pay  his 
account  on  a  particular  occasion  but  they  threatened  his  life.  Bisset, 
however,  "  having  committit  na  crime  that  deservit "  such  treatment, 
continued  to  behave  himself  "in  peccable  and  quiet  manor  as  became 
ane  man  of  his  vocatioun." 

Notwithstanding  this,  on  24th  July  1587,  his  two  enemies, 
"being  myndful  to  putt  thair  said  ungodlie  interprise  to  executioun, 
come  to  Sanct  Gelis  kirk  in  Edinburgh,  bodin  in  feir  of  weir,  with 
swerds  pistoUettis  and  uther  invasive  waponis,"  where  they  found 
"the  said  Abacuc  gangand  in  peceable  and  quiet  maner,  a  little 
befoir  fyve  houris  at  evin,  awaiting  upon  the  fyve  houris  bell  to 
the  evening  prayeris,  qvihair  he  was  myndful  to  have  said  his 
prayeris  to  God,  conform  to  his  accustomed  use,  having  na  swerd 
waponis  or  armour."  The  two  Hamiltons  neither  appreciated 
his  quiet  walk  on  the  summer's  afternoon,  nor  the  sacredness 
of  the  hour.  They  set  upon  him  in  the  church,  broke  his  head 
with  the   pommels  of  their   swords,   and  when  he   fled,  pursued 


HISTOEY   OF  THE  SOCIETY  xlix 

him  to  the  west  porch  of  the  building,  where  they  again  struck 
him,  leaving  him  "  mutilat  and  dismemberit "  as  already  stated. 

So  gross  and  open  an  outrage  on  a  member  of  the  profession  The  college  of 
could  not  be  passed  over  in  silence,  and  accordingly  Mr.  Abacuc's  ^jg  complaint, 
complaint  to  the  privy  council  was  backed  up  by  the  lord 
advocate,  then  Mr.  David  MacGill  of  Nisbet,  and  by  Mark  Ker 
of  Newbattle,  conservator  of  the  privileges  of  the  college  of 
justice,  in  name  of  the  whole  senators,  advocates,  scribes,  writers, 
and  other  members  of  the  same.^  But  except  as  a  token  of 
esprit  de  corps  it  does  not  appear  that  this  support  availed  any- 
thing— the  aggressors  were  denounced  rebels  for  non-compeamnce, 
but  that  seems  to  have  been  all  the  satisfaction  Bisset  gained  for 
the  loss  of  his  fingers. 

After  this  he  transferred  himself  for  some  years  to  Aberdeen,  Retires  to  j 
where  it  would  seem  he  again  suffered  in  the  same  way.  In 
1608,  when  once  more  on  his  way  to  the  kirk,  in  a  "  moist  quiet 
and  peciable  maner,"  he  was  set  upon  at  the  instance  of  a  professional 
brother — a  notary,  and  received  "  many  deidlie  strykis  on  heid, 
schoulderis,  and  small  of  his  bak,"  being  left  for  dead.  He  sur- 
vived, however,  and  duly  made  a  complaint ;  but  it  must  be 
regretfully  recorded  that  in  this  dispute  he  did  not  come  off  well, 
for  not  only  was  he  defeated,  but  his  adversary  accused  him  of 
slander  in  regard  to  another  matter,  and  the  Council  found  that 
Mr.  Abacuc  had  behaved  himself  "  verie  maliciouslie,"  and  ad- 
monished him  "  verie  scharplie,  to  forbear  in  future." 

No  wonder,  therefore,  that  he  was  censured  by  the  society 
to  which  he  claimed  to  belong,  and  when  in  1613  he  petitioned 
the  commissioners  to  repone  him  that  he  might  "  use  his  office 
alsweill  within  the  burgh  of  Edinburgh  as  furth  thairof,"  the 
petition  was  refused.- 

It  must  be  acknowledged,  however,  that  the  practice  of  wearing 

'  Register  of  privy  council,  vol.  iv.  p.  204.  their  functions,  because  of   their   "removing 

'  In    the    same    year    John  Thomson   and      furth  of  this  burgh,  in  sa  far  as  concemis  thair 
William  Speir  were  suspended  from  exercising      wry  ting  to  the  signet," 


1 


THE   SOCIETY   OF   WEITERS   TO   THE   SIGNET 


Gowns  in  1679 
and  1740. 


Woollen  dress 
recommended 
to  members. 


gowns  was  in  later  times  much  neglected,  for  in  1746,  when,  as 
formerly  stated,  the  society  resolved  that  members  should  wait  on 
the  duke  of  Cumberland  in  their  gowns,  the  only  precedent  they 
could  find  was  a  similar  honour  paid  to  James,  duke  of  York 
(James  vii.)  in  1679,  when  he  came  to  Edinburgh  as  the  king's 
high  commissioner.  Moreover,  there  was  some  uncertainty  about 
the  form  and  colour  of  the  gowns  worn  on  that  occasion.  Several 
members  were  of  opinion  that  the  gowns  were  red,  but  black  was 
deemed  a  more  suitable  hue,  and  the  fashion  of  the  gowns  was  ordered 
to  be  adjusted  by  the  deputy  keeper  and  two  other  writers  to  the 
signet.  The  stuff  was  to  be  "  Scots  shalloon,"  serge  or  crape, 
according  to  taste,  the  keeper's  gown  being  distinguished  by  a 
neck  of  black  velvet  and  black  silk  loops.  A  gown  and  baton  also 
were  provided  for  the  officer  of  the  society.  Although  the  ancient 
regulations  as  to  the  constant  wearing  of  gowns  have  thus  been 
long  in  desuetude,  writers  to  the  signet  still  wear  their  gowns 
on  occasions  of  cei'emony. 

Apart  from  the  question  raised  in  1746  as  to  the  dimensions  and 
hue  of  their  gowns,  the  society  in  that  year  resolved,  in  order  to 
encourage  the  Scottish  woollen  trade,  that  at  their  next  general 
meeting  each  member  should  appear  dressed  in  Scots  woollen  cloth. 
A  committee  was  appointed  to  arrange  further  action  towards 
advancing  the  trade,  and  they  earnestly  recommended  every  member 
to  wear  the  cloth  "  as  his  occasions  require  new  cloathes "  and 
recusants  were  to  be  fined.  r 


THE    BOX    OR    COMMON    FUND. 

Almost  from  the  beginning  of  the  minutes,  the  kist  or  "box" 
appears  as  an  important  institution  of  the  society.  As  early 
as  1609,  unlaws  are  appointed  to  be  converted  ad  pios  usus ;  a 
benevolent  arrangement  which  implies  the  keeping  of  some  sort 
of  treasury  in  the  hands  of  the  clerk.  Thereafter  the  minutes 
contain  a  multitude  of  entries  of  fines  and  fees  given  to  the  box, 


-:■.•:        HISTOKY    OF   THE   SOCIETY      v   -rr"  H 

and  due  notice  is  taken  of  the  placing  of  fines  by  the  clerk  in  the 
box,  in  the  presence  of  the  commissioners.  But  as  the  subject 
of  fines  and  finance  is  fully  touched  upon  elsewhere,  the  details 
need  not  be  here  given. 

One  investment,  however,  made  by  the  society,  may  be  com-  Bond  by  Gordon 
mented  on  at  greater  length.  In  1677  nme  hundred  merks 
were  advanced  to  Alexander  Gordon  of  Earlston,  upon  a  bond 
over  his  estate  in  Galloway,  It  is  characteristic  of  the  uncertain 
possession  of  landed  property  in  the  fighting  times  of  the  seventeenth 
century,  that  the  borrower's  undertaking  had  to  be  supported  by 
the  joint  obligation  of  two  cautioners,  William  Cleland  of  Faskine, 
and  Mr.  John  Bailhe  of  Carfin.  AU  three  co-obhgants  were 
involved  in  the  movements  of  the  covenanters,  the  borrower's 
father,  WiUiam  Gordon  of  Earlston,  having  long  been  a  man  of  note 
among  that  party.  In  1662,  the  elder  Earlston  had  been  fined 
£3500  for  nonconfonnity.  For  a  like  offence,  in  1663,  he  was 
Isanished  the  kingdom,  but  in  1667  he  was  allowed  to  return  home. 
In  1676  he  made  over  the  barony  of  Earlston  to  his  eldest  son 
Alexander.  It  is  not  unlikely  that  the  loan  obtained  in  the 
following  year  had  some  connection  with  this  transaction,  or  with 
the  designs  that  gave  rise  to  it.  Earlston's  ostensible  purpose  in 
transferring  the  estate  was  to  fulfil  obligations  arising  under  his 
son's  contract  of  marriage,  but  it  was  a  common  expedient  with 
gentlemen  who  found  themselves  in  deep  water  amid  the  shifting 
political  currents  of  those  times,  to  convey  their  lands  to  theii" 
heirs,  and  so  save  the  risk  of  the  estates  being  lost  to  their 
famihes  by  forfeiture.  William  Gordon  remained  in  occupation  of 
Earlston,  whence,  in  June  1678,  he  and  his  son  set  out  to 
join  the  covenanters  who  had  taken  up  arms  in  Lanarkshire.  The 
father  was  killed  while  on  his  journey.  His  son,  Alexander,  escaped 
from  the  field  of  Bothwell  brig  and  went  abroad.  On  the  18th 
of  February  1680,  Alexander  Gordon  was  summoned  before  the 
court  of  justiciaiy  on  a  charge  of  treason.     Failing  to  appear,  he 


Hi  THE  SOCIETY   OF  WEITERS   TO   THE  SIGNET 

was  found  guilty  and  sentenced  to  death.  His  estates  also  were 
confiscated.  These  proceedings  caused  anxiety  to  the  holders  of 
the  bond  over  Earlston,  and  five  days  later  the  commissioners 
of  the  signet  met,  and  the  treasurer  having  reported  upon  the 
subject,  the  meeting  requested  the  deputy  keeper,  sir  WiUiam 
Sharpe,  "to  deal  with  John,  duke  of  Lauderdale,  his  majesty's 
secretary,  and  the  commissioners  of  the  treasury,  that  no  gifts 
be  passed  of  the  said  Alexander  Gordon's  forfeiture,  for  his  rebellion 
in  being  with  the  rebels  in  the  west,  in  June  last,  until  the 
said  debt  be  paid."  There  is  no  report  of  the  result  of  the 
interview  thus  appointed  to  be  held,  but  it  would  appear  that 
the  society's  claims  were  fully  admitted  by  the  authorities,  and 
that  the  debt,  although  not  repaid,  was  kept  up  as  a  burden  upon 
the  forfeited  estate. 

In  1690  there  is  a  minute  of  the  society  directing  the 
treasurer  "to  look  after  the  loan  due  to  the  Avriters  to  the 
signet  by  Earlstoun,"  who  in  the  meantime  had  been  restored 
to  the  estate,  which  had  previously  passed  through  several  hands. 
In  1692  lord  EankeUlor  came  forwai-d,  and  paid  up  two-thirds 
of  the  original  debt.  An  arrangement  was  then  come  to  which 
secured  the  speedy  extinction  of  the  burden  on  the  estate. 
The  tenns  granted  were  favoui-able,  the  society's  action  being 
prompted  by  consideration  of  the  pressure  of  the  laii'd  of  Earlston's 
circumstances,  owing  to  his  late  forfeiture,  and  of  the  "  brocken " 
condition  of  his  two  sureties.  It  maj'  be  added  that,  in  1718, 
the  laird  of  Earlston  succeeded  to  a  baronetcy,  which  had  been 
conferred  on  his  younger  brother  William,  and  which  his  descen- 
dant still  holds ;  that  he  died  in  1726  ;  and  that  his  son,  William 
Gordon  of  Greenlaw  and  Culvennan,  was  a  writer  to  the  signet. 

CHAIR   OF   HUMANITY   IN   THE   UNIVERSITY. 

Towards  the  end  of  the  sixteenth  century  the  society  aided  in  the 
establishment  of  a  chair  of  law  in  the  university  of  Edinburgh,  being 


HISTOKY   OF  THE  SOCIETY  liii 

the  first  addition  to  its  teaching  staff.  In  the  year  1590,  after  much  Law  professor- 
preliminary  discussion,  a  contract  was  entered  into  between  the  college 
of  justice  and  the  town  council,  for  the  foundation  of  a  professorship 
"of  the  laws."  By  that  contract,  the  lords  of  session  on  the  first 
part,  the  advocates  and  writers  to  the  signet  on  the  second  part,  and 
the  town  council  as  third  parties,  each  provided  the  sum  of  £1000 
Scots  for  the  endowment.  The  chair  was,  however,  soon  diverted 
from  its  original  purpose,  and  the  professor  was  occupied  in  teaching, 
not  law,  but  Latin  and  Greek.  On  the  occurrence  of  a  vacancy 
in  1597,  the  founders  agreed  that  the  occupant  of  the  chair  should 
cease  to  be  a  professor  of  law,  and  should  become  instead  a 
regent  or  professor  of  humanity.  At  the  same  time  the  professor's  Chair  of 
income  was  reduced  to  one-third  of  the  original  endowment,  and  the  "™*°'  ^' 
remaining  two-thii-ds  were  devoted  by  the  patrons  to  the  main- 
tenance of  bursars.  By  an  arrangement  come  to  in  the  same 
year,  the  patronage  of  the  chair  of  humanity  was  vested  in  six 
commissioners,  two  to  be  chosen  by  the  lords  of  session,  two  by 
the  town  council,  one  by  the  advocates,  and  one  by  the  writers  to 
the  signet.  Except  in  so  far  as  altered  by  the  universities  act  of 
1858,  which  substitutes  the  curators  of  the  university  as  patrons, 
instead  of  the  town  council,  this  arrangement  still  remains  in  force. 

In  the  following  century  the  town  council  proposed  to  the  college  Proposed 
of  justice  that  the  chair  of  humanity  should  be  abolished,  in  order  *''**"8e8. 
that  its  work  might  be  transferred  to  the  high  school  of  Edinburgh, 
and  the  revenue  of  the  chair  expended  on  bursaries.  On  the  11th 
of  January  1648^  the  writers  to  the  signet  were  accordingly  convened 
in  the  parliament  house  "anent  their  voytis,  craved  quhidder  thair 
annual-rent  of  fy ve  hundreth  pundis  destinat  and  mortifyeit  for  ane 
help  to  ane  professor  in  the  college  of  Edinburgh,  according  to  the 
first  institution,  sould  be  employit  to  that  use,  or  for  intertenement 
of  ane  bursar."     The  meeting  unanimously  refused  "  the  inversioun 

'  Sir  Alexander  Grant,  in  his  Stoi-y  of  the      proposal  as  1656,  but  the  minutes  of  the  town 
Unweraily  of  Edinburgh,  gives  the  date  of  this      council  corroborate  the  date  given  in  the  text. 


iiy  THE  SOCIE|y   Qf  \YEITEES  .Jp,  TIJE  SIGNET 

of  the  first  fundatioun,"  and  declined  to  interfere  with  the  professor- 
ship.     Such  was  also  the  decision  of  the  coUege  of  justice  as  a  whole. 
Medal.  It  may  be  added  that,  in  1824,  the  writers  to  the  signet  insti- 

tuted an  annual  medal  of  the  value  of  ten  guineas  to  be  given 
as  a  prize  to  the  best  Latin  scholar  in  the  senior  humanity  class. 
In  1860,  however,  the  giving  of  this  medal  was  discontinued  "  for 
the  present." 

In  1708  the  society  showed  its  interest  in  the  scientific  enter- 
prises of  the  day  by  appointing  four  of  its  members  to  visit  "  a 
machin"  termed  "  a,  perpetuum  mobile,"  invented,  or  at  least  pro- 
moted, by  Mr.  Robert  Stewart,  minister  of  the  gospel,  and  recom- 
mending a  collection  towards  its  expense.  In  1794,  further  aid 
to  science  was  given  by  a  vote  of  twenty  guineas  a  year,  payable 
for  three  years,  towards  keeping  up  a  museum  of  natural  history 
established  by  Mr.  Alexander  Weir  at  number  16  Princes  Street, 
Edinburgh. 


GBANTS  TO  PUBLIC  WORKS  AND  CHARITIES. 

Public  works.  There  are  recorded  in  the  minutes  of  the  society  many  grants  in 

aid  of  public  works  of  various  kinds,  as,  for  example,  towards  the 
building  of  the  royal  infirmary  of  Edinburgh  in  1738  ;  for  the 
erection  of  an  observatory  for  the  university  of  Edinburgh ;  and 
also  in  1738  towards  the  establishment  of  the  orphan  hospital  in 
Edinburgh;  for  the  relief  of  the  burgh  of  Kinghorn  from  the 
expense  incurred  in  building  a  harbour  at  Pettycur  in  1760;  to  the 
maintenance  of  the  poorhouse  and  charity  workhouses  in  Edin- 
burgh ;  towards  the  erection  of  a  church  for  the  Gaelic-speaking 
community  of  Edinburgh  in  1768  ;  for  the  building  of  "a  qualified 
English  chappel  in  Edinburgh  in  1774";  and  for  other  works  of  a 
like  kind.  In  1751,  five  hundred  guineas  were  given  towards  a 
scheme  for  rebuilding  ruinous  houses  in  Edinburgh  in  such  a  way  as  to 
afford  "great  decorement  to  the  city  and  many  large  conveniencys." 
In  1788,  when  it  was  decided  in  the  court  of  session  that  the  writers, 


HISTOEY   OF  THE  SOCIETY     >&  SB.  Iv 

as  members  of  the  college  of  justice,  were  exempt  from  payment  of 
the  poor-rates  then  levied,  the  society  resolved  that,  as  their  action 
in  the  matter  had  arisen  only  from  regard  to  the  privileges  of  the 
members,  a  donation  of  five  hundred  guineas  should  be  given  from 
the  funds  in  support  of  the  charity  workhouse  of  the  city.  Similar 
large  grants  were,  at  other  times,  given  for  the  same  object.  In 
1789,  six  hundred  guineas  were  voted  towards  the  erection  of  new 
buildings  for  the  university  of  Edinburgh,  and  a  further  sum  of 
two  hundred  pounds  was  devoted  to  the  same  purpose  in  1812. 
In  1796  there  occurs  an  entry  of  two  hundred  and  fifty  guineas 
given  for  supplying  meal  to  the  poor  at  reduced  prices.  At  various 
times  the  charity  of  the  society  has  been  directed  towards  the  assist- 
ance of  those  who  suffered  from  the  fires  which  formerly  were  of 
frequent  occurrence  in  Edinburgh.  In  1824,  two  hundred  and 
seventy-three  pounds  were  given  from  the  funds  to  meet  such  a 
case.      The  contributions  of  the  society  towards   works  of  public  ic! .<».», i 

importance  have  been  continued  down  to  the  present  time.  Thus, 
for  example,  in  1872  a  grant  of  fifty  guineas  was  made  for  the 
improvement  and  restoration  of  St.  Giles'  church,  Edinburgh,  and 
in  1880  one  hundred  guineas  more  were  given  in  aid  of  that  im- 
portant work.  In  1883  two  hundred  and  fifty  pounds  were  voted 
for  the  extension  of  the  Edinburgh  university  buildings.  In  a 
very  recent  minute  there  is  a  note  of  two  hundred  and  fifty  pounds 
subscribed  towards  the  foundation  of  the  imperial  institute  of  the 
United  Kingdom. 

Besides  making  such  grants  to  public  works  and  charities  from  General 
the  common  fund,  the  commissioners  frequently  directed  the  atten- 
tion of  the  ordinary  members  to  charitable  objects  lying  beyond 
the  limits  to  which  the  public  benefactions  of  the  society  were 
confined.  Thus,  in  1610,  "the  commissioners  ordanit  the  haill 
bretherene  to  gif  support,  according  to  thair  chimtie,  for  help  of 
the  pure  Italiane,  Francis  de  Parisco."  Another  such  case  occurs  in 
1616,  when  a  petition  is  presented  to  the  society  from  the  biirgh  of 


Ivi  THE  SOCIETY  OF  WEITEKS  TO   THE  SIGNET 

Cupar,  "  for  reparatioun  of  thair  buildingis  and  guidis,  laitlie  brunt 
and  destroyit  be  fyre."  Having  considered  this  petition,  "  the  haill 
brether,  all  in  ane  voce,  grantit  to  gif  them  supplie,  as  thai  suld  be 
movit  thairto  of  thair  awn  willis,"  and  appointed  collectors  to  obtain 
subscriptions  from  the  members.  In  1618  there  is  a  notice  of  con- 
tributions given  by  the  writers  to  the  signet  "  to  the  supplie  of  the 
brig  of  Crawmond."  There  are  also  two  interesting  entries,  in  1631, 
regarding  a  collection  made  among  the  members  of  the  college  of 
justice  "  for  the  help  and  supplie  of  the  pure  distressit  pepill  of  the 
palatinate,"  on  whom  the  troubles  of  the  thirty  years'  war  had 
fallen  with  great  severity.  For  this  object  there  was  collected  a 
sum  of  £2984,  10s.  4d.  Scots,  of  which  £926,  17s.  was  given  by  the 
writers  to  the  signet.  The  fortunes  of  the  palatinate  had  been  made 
specially  interesting  to  Scotsmen  by  the  marriage  of  the  ill-fated 
elector  Frederick  to  princess  Elizabeth,  daughter  of  James  vi. 
Poor's  fund.  In  1685,  "the  haill  breitheren,  in  consideration  of  the  multitude 

of  their  poor,  and  for  the  incress  of  their  stock,"  volunteered  each  to 
pay  the  treasurer  £3  Scots  a  year  for  the  use  of  the  poor.  In  1703 
it  was  resolved,  in  respect  of  the  smallness  of  the  stock,  and  because 
the  poor  of  the  calling  were  numerous,  "  that  therfor  ther  be  ane  act 
made  dischargeing  the  intrant  wryters  of  any  expences  of  drinking 
or  otherwayes  at  the  examinatione  and  admissione,"  and  that,  in 
place  of  the  £166,  13s.  4d.,  payable  for  the  poor  and  the  "house,"  at 
the  admission  of  a  member,  the  payment  be  increased  to  £200  Scots. 
In  1755  further  steps  were  taken  in  the  same  direction. 

The  society,  moreover,  on  occasions  took  further  means  to  obtain 
aid  for  the  poor  of  their  number.  Thus,  in  1663,  two  of  the  brethren 
were  appointed  to  speak  to  the  kirk  treasurer,  to  obtain  from  the 
funds  in  his  hands  some  help  for  Judith  Nairn,  relict  of  Mr.  Alexander 
Carmichael,  W.S.,  to  whom  the  society  itself  had  voted  relief. 
Further,  it  was  to  be  intimated  to  the  kirk  treasurer,  that,  if  help 
were  not  given  in  this  case,  the  society  would  withdraw  its  monthly 
contribution  paid  to  the  deacons  of  the  kirks  for  the  poor  of  the  burgh. 


HISTOEY   OF  THE  SOCIETY  Ivii 

In  1667,  again,  we  find  the  treasurer,  by  instruction  of  the  commis- 
sioners, "indenting"  John  Alexander,  son  of  the  deceased  Robert  Alex- 
ander, W.S.,  as  apprentice  to  Gavin  Sangster,  "tailzeour,  and  freeman 
in  the  Cannongaitheid,"  and  paying  £50  Scots  from  the  funds  as  his 
apprentice  fee.  On  behalf  of  the  brother  of  this  apprentice,  Alex- 
ander Alexander,  "  ane  poor  young  orphan  of  six  yeirs  or  thereby," 
the  treasurer  is  appointed,  at  the  same  time,  to  pay  five  marks  a 
month  "for  his  entertainement,"  and  to  make  further  payments  for 
his  schooling  and  clothing.  In  the  following  year  the  treasurer  reports 
that  he  has  paid  £50  Scots  as  a  fee  on  account  of  George  Neill,  son 
of  the  late  Robert  Neill,  W.S.,  on  his  being  apprenticed  "to  John 
Tailzeowr,  tayliowr  burgess  of  the  Cannogait."  On  the  same  day, 
the  commissioners  having  voted  a  grant  of  three  rex  dollars  to  James 
Hog,  a  pensioner  of  the  society,  and  apparently  an  old  advocate's 
clerk,  resolved  that  three  of  their  number  should  speak  to  sir  Robert 
Sinclair,  the  dean  of  faculty,  anent  the  said  James  Hog,  that  he 
might  get  some  help  from  the  advocates'  box. 

That  charitable  cases  were  carefuUy  considered  upon  their  merits, 
appears  from  the  frequent  language  of  the  minutes  regarding  them. 
We  come  constantly  upon  cases  described  in  terms  like  the  following  : 
"ane  aged  poore  man";  "a  seicklie  infirm  blind  man,  in  his 
necessity  and  great  distress " ;  "  ane  poore  and  indigent  seicklie 
man,  who  hes  lyn  seik  this  whyll  by  past";  "ane  poor  zong 
orphan";  "ane  aged  infirme  and  poore  woman";  "poore  fatherles 
childrene";  "ane  sicklie  poore  indigent  woman,  unable  to  goe  to 
service,  or  act  anything  for  her  lyvliehood  "  ;  "  ane  poor  sickhe  man, 
having  the  perills  in  his  head,  and  other  infirmities  of  his  bodie  "  ; 
"  ane  indigent  sicklie  widdow,  having  three  children  "  ;  "  ane  wryter's 
son,  for  buying  him  cloaths  "  ;  and  so  forth.  In  doubtful  cases  there 
is  added,  at  times,  some  quaint  proviso,  such  as  "  that  they  be  no 
farder  troublesome  in  any  tyme  coming,"  or  "  and  she  is  never  to  ask 
more,"  or  "without  any  more  to  be  given  him  hereafter."  Many  similar 
benefactions  will  be  found  in  the  chapter  which  deals  with  the  funds, 

h 


IVlu 


THE    SOCIETY    OF   WEITEES   TO   THE   SIGNET 


Craigcrook 
mortificatiou. 


Watson  trust. 


iri 

TBCJSTS   ADMINISTERED   BY   THE   COMMISSIONERS   OF   THE   SIGNET.  " 

John  Strachan  of  Craigcrook,  writer  to  the  signet  and  fiscal  of 
the  society,  by  a  deed  of  mortification,  dated  the  24th  of  September 
1712,  and  recorded  the  4th  of  August  1719,  directed  that  the  lands 
of  Craigcrook  and  North  Clermiston  in  the  parish  of  Cramond,  which 
he  had  purchased  in  1698,  should  be  held  perpetually  in  trust  ("the 
lands  never  to  be  sold,  but  to  remaine  as  mortified  land  for  ever"), 
and  the  proceeds  to  be  devoted  to  the  relief  of  "  poor  old  men  and 
women  and  orphans."  The  deed  proceeds  upon  the  testator's 
"  thankful  resentment  and  commemoration "  of  God's  goodness  to 
him  in  his  "  pains  and  industrie  "  in  his  "  imployment,"  and  further 
"  withaU,  that  none  of  my  relatives  or  nearest  of  kin  may  have  right 
to  what  shall  happen,  in  land  or  money,  to  belong  to  me  the  tyme 
of  my  decease."  As  managers  of  his  benefaction  Mr.  Strachan 
appointed  "two  advocatts,  two  wryters  to  the  signett,  and  the 
presbitry  of  Edinburgh,  at  the  sight  of  the  lords  of  session."  In 
addition  to  the  general  purposes  of  the  trust,  yearly  grants  are 
directed  to  be  paid,  from  the  income  of  the  estate,  for  the  following 
purposes,  "to  the  advocates'  poor  yearly,  for  yr  pains,  fyftie  merks 
scots ;  and  to  the  wryters  to  the  signet,  one  hundred  merks  yearly," 
also  "for  the  ministers  of  the  presbitry,  yr  pains,  yearly  twenty 
pounds  scots,  to  be  payed  to  one  of  ym  successively  for  an  bible,  and 
to  begin  with  the  moderator  of  the  presbitry  and  yrafter  yearly  ilk 
one  per  vices,  as  the  presbytery  shall  appoint."  The  benefit  of  the 
mortification  is  restricted  by  the  managers  to  persons  over  sixty-three 
years  of  age  who  have  fallen  into  poor  circumstances,  and  to  orphan 
children.  The  income  of  the  charity  is  now  about  £1100  or  £1200 
a  year. 

On  the  death,  in  1759,  of  Mr.  John  Watson,  W.S.,  the  society 
received  the  residue  of  his  estate  in  trust  for  such  pious  and 
charitable  uses  within  the  city  of  Edinburgh  as  the  trustees  might 
choose.      In  1822  an  act  of  parliament  was  obtained  enabling  the 


HISTOEY   OF   THE    SOCIETY      ,,p    ^fip^  ^ 

trustees  to  erect  and  endow  "  an  hospital  for  the  maintenance  and 
education  therein  of  destitute  children,  and  bringing  them  up  to  be 
useful  members  of  society,  and  also  for  assisting  in  their  outset  in 
life  such  of  them  as  may  be  thought  to  deserve  and  require  such  aid." 
The  hospital  was  completed  in  1828.  It  is  managed  by  fifteen 
directors,  members  of  the  society.  Under  the  directors'  admini- 
stration the  funds  of  the  trust  have  steadily  increased,  and  they 
now  amount  to  over  £125,000. 

Mr.  Joseph  Thomson  of  Mortonhall  of  Eildon,  by  his  deed  of  Thomson's 
settlement  executed  in  1774,  conveyed  the  residue  of  his  estate 
in  trust,  to  form  a  perpetual  fund  for  the  purchase  of  oatmeal  for 
poor  householders  within  the  city  of  Edinburgh  not  in  receipt 
of  parochial  relief  The  original  trustees  named  by  Mr.  Thomson 
having  died,  and  others  appointed  ex  officiis  having  failed  to  accept 
office,  the  deputy  keeper  of  the  signet  became,  in  1814,  the  sole 
trustee  of  the  mortification.  Under  the  administration  of  successive 
deputy  keepers  the  fund  has  grown  considerably  in  amount,  and 
is  now  about  £20,000.  In  dispensing  this  charity,  rehef  is  given 
to  such  poor  persons  only  as  are  recommended  by  ministers  and 
missionaries  working  in  the  city.  In  this  way  about  twelve  hundred 
famihes  in  each  year  receive  aid. 

Through  the  death,  in  1828,  of  Mr.  James  Dick,  a  native  of  Dick  bequest. 
Forres,  who  had  made  a  fortune  in  the  West  Indies,  the  society 
became  connected  with  an  important  bequest  for  "  the  maintenance 
and  assistance  of  the  country  parochial  schoolmasters"  in  the 
counties  of  Aberdeen,  Banff,  and  Moray.  The  original  trustees  of 
the  bequest  were  the  keeper,  the  deputy  keeper,  the  treasurer,  and 
eight  of  the  commissioners  of  the  writers  to  the  signet  chosen  by 
the  society.  But  under  a  scheme  framed  by  the  Educational  Endow- 
ments Commissioners  of  1882,  the  governing  body  now  consists  of 
thirteen  persons,  of  whom  eight  are  elected  by  the  commissioners  of 
the  signet.  The  capital  sum  which  came  at  first  under  the  manage- 
ment of  the  tnist  amounted  to  £119,000,  but  it  has  now  increased 


Ix 


THE   SOCIETY   OF   WEITEtlS   TO   THE   SIGNfif 


Royal  infinnary. 


Orphan  hospital. 


Murray  trust. 


Fettes  college. 


to  £125,000.  The  income  of  this  fund  is  apportioned  among 
schoolmasters  of  the  landward  parishes  in  the  three  counties, 
according  to  rules  drawn  up  by  the  trustees.  At  the  present 
time  there  are  a  hundred  and  twenty-seven  schoolmasters  in  receipt 
of  grants  from  the  bequest. 

By  the  Edinburgh  royal  infirmary  act  of  1870,  the  society 
became  entitled  to  appoint  annually  one  of  the  twenty-one  managers 
of  the  royal  infirmary  of  Edinburgh. 

By  a  charter  of  king  George  ii.,  granted  on  the  25th  June  1742, 
incorporating  the  orphan  hospital  of  Edinburgh,  the  keeper, 
treasurer,  and  senior  commissioner  of  the  society  are  appointed 
members  of  the  corporation. 

In  1880,  under  the  trust  settlement  of  Miss  Mary  Murray, 
who  resided  in  Dysart,  a  bequest  of  X34,000  became  vested  in 
the  keeper,  deputy  keeper,  and  commissioners  of  the  signet,  as 
trustees  for  the  establishment  of  a  hospital  for  the  education  of 
girls  of  respectable,  poor  parentage,  to  be  household  sei-vants. 
Along  with  the  keeper  and  deputy  keeper,  six  of  the  commissioners 
are  appointed  directors  of  the  hospital.  The  practical  work  of 
this  charity  is  carried  on  in  the  hospital  premises  at  Prestonpans, 
which  are  held  by  the  directors  on  lease. 

In  terms  of  a  scheme  drawn  up  by  the  Educational  Endow- 
ments Commissioners  of  1882,  the  writers  to  the  signet  elect 
annually  a  governor  of  the  Fettes  trust.  The  governors  of  this 
endowment,  coming  in  place  of  the  testamentary  trustees  of  sir 
William  Fettes,  baronet,  are  invested  with  the  administration  of 
Fettes  coUege,  and  the  estates  and  funds  connected  therewith. 


HEREDITY  IN   THE   SOCIETY. 


Thei'e  is  always  a  hereditary  tendency  in  professional  life,  but  it 
is  somewhat  remarkable  to  find  heredity  so  strongly  developed  as 
it  has  been  among  the  writers  to  the  signet.  The  same  siu-names 
appear  again  and  again  upon  the  lists,  and  the  connection  of  many 


HISTOKY   OF   THE   SOCIETY  Ixi 

families  with  the  calUng  has  been  kept  up  through  a  long  series  of 
years.  The  continuance  of  a  family  for  three  generations  in  the 
society  is  so  common  as  hardly  to  attract  attention.  It  is  more 
notable  to  find  such  a  race  as  the  Russells  of  Braidshaw  and  Rosebui-n, 
connected  with  the  body  from  1711  till  1887,  during  which  time 
six  members  of  the  family,  constituting  five  generations,  were 
writers  to  the  signet.  There  have  likewise  been  six  Ferriers,  six 
Foi'mans,  and  six  Steuarts,  all  of  the  same  families.  The  list 
contains  also  five  Hamiltons  of  Presmennan,  six  Andersons  of 
Inchyra,  seven  Balfours  of  Pilrig,  seven  Brodies  of  Lethen,  five 
Tytlers  of  Woodhouselee,  five  Tods  of  Drygrange,  seven  Mackenzies 
of  Portmore,  five  Dundases  of  Ochtertyre,  and  five  Cuninghams  of 
Newholm. 

ARMORIAL   BEARINGS. 

On  the  15th  of  August  1789,  the  society  obtained  from  the  Lyon 
king-of-ai-ms  a  grant  of  armorial  bearings.  From  the  minute  re- 
ferring to  the  subject  it  seems  that  the  device  of  the  king's  signet 
had  been  in  previous  use.  The  arms  are  registered  as  follows : 
"azure  a  saltyr  argent,  in  the  flanques  two  thistles  or,  and  in  chief 
and  base  the  royal  signet  of  the  second,  with  this  inscription  on 
the  edge,  signetum  regium." 

NOTARIES  PUBLIC. 

In  dealing  with  the  history  of  the  writers  to  the  signet,  mention 
should  also  be  made  of  the  society's  connection  with  a  very  ancient 
body  of  legal  practitioners — the  notaries  pubhc.  In  the  medigeval 
period  of  Scottish  history  the  notaries  were  almost  the  only  con- 
veyancers, while  the  oflBce  of  advocate  also  was  very  generally 
discharged  by  them.  Their  rise  was  due  to  the  action  of  the 
western  emperors,  who,  claiming  to  be  successors  of  the  emperors 
of  Rome,  aspired  also  to  make  their  courts  fountains  of  law  for  all 
the  European   kingdoms.      As  the  notaries   of   early  times   were 


Ixii         THE   SOCIETY   OF   WEITEKS   TO   THE   SIGNET 

clerics,  the  pope,  as  head  of  the  church,  exercised  along  with  the 
emperor  the  privilege  of  appointing  them  to  the  special  office. 
In  due  time,  however,  the  independent  princes  of  Europe  saw  the 
advantage  of  having  in  their  own  hands  the  nomination  of  notaries 
within  their  territox-ies,  and,  one  by  one,  they  assumed  for  themselves 
such  a  right.  Notaries  constituted  by  authority  of  the  pope  and 
the  emperor  practised  in  Scotland  from  an  early  period,  but  king 
James  iii.,  in  1469,  was  the  first  Scottish  king  who  asserted  a  claim 
to  commission  notaries  for  his  dominions.  The  act  of  parliament 
by  which  this  result  was  carried  through  sets  forth  that  "it  is 
thocht  expedient  that  sen  our  soverane  lord  hes  ful  jurisdictioune 
and  fre  impire  within  his  realme,  yat  his  hienes  may  mak  notaris 
and  tabellionis,  quhais  instrumentis  sal  have  ful  faith  in  all  coutractis 
civile  within  ye  realme.  And,  in  tyme  cumyn  yt  na  notaris,  maid, 
nor  to  be  maid,  be  ye  iraperor's  autorite,  have  faith  in  contractis 
civile  within  ye  realme,  les  yan  he  be  examingt  be  ye  ordinare,  and 
apprieved  be  ye  kingis  hienes."  There  follows  a  clause  saving  the 
authority  of  the  papal  and  imperial  notaries  "  in  tymes  by-gane,  in 
all  their  instrumentis."  It  is  further  provided  by  the  act  "  yat 
notaris  to  be  maid  be  our  soverane  lorde  be  examinit  before  yair 
ordinaris  bishoppes,  and  have  certificacioune  of  yame  yat  yai  ar  of 
faith,  gude  fame,  science  and  lawte,  according  for  ye  said  office."  '»^''" 
It  is  difficult  now  to  estimate  fully  the  importance  of  this  statute, 
because  the  duties  of  the  early  notaries  were  very  different  from 
those  of  their  successors  at  the  present  day.  It  has  been  said  they 
were  the  principal  conveyancers  of  the  kingdom,  but  they  were 
much  more.  Scarcely  any  matter  or  business  between  parties 
could  be  undertaken  without  the  presence  of  a  notary.  They  were 
to  be  found  in  the  king's  palace,  and  in  the  castles  of  the  nobles, 
acting  as  chroniclers  of  the  ceremonies  of  war  or  peace.  They 
were  to  be  found  in  the  midst  of  feuds  and  quarrels,  even  on  the 
field  of  battle,  recording  as  calmly  as  might  be  what  they  heard 
and  saw.     They  appear  in  the  courts  of  law  and  in  the  barons' 


\.>ivyA}l^     'HISTQEY   OF  THE  SOCIETY      "■    2-1^        ixui 

courts,  taking  protests  against  acts  of  injustice,  and  they  also 
watched  over  the  transference  of  land  rights  or  of  sums  of  money 
lent  on  heritable  securities.  They  might  be  seen  knocking  loudly 
at  a  superior's  gate  to  demand  infeftment  for  a  client,  and  ready 
to  note  the  subsequent  refusal  or  acquiescence.  Again  they  were 
to  be  met  recording  the  ejection  of  an  intruder  from  a  mansion  or 
the  extinguishing  of  a  hearth  fire  at  an  eviction.  All  these  and 
inany  other  transactions  were  incomplete  unless  a  notary  was  present 
to  write  his  "  instrument  "  detailing  the  proceedings.  So  important 
an  office,  therefore,  required  special  enactments  and  special  safe- 
guards. 

The  establishment  of  the  court  of  session,  and  other  changes 
in  the  economy  of  the  law,  greatly  altered  the  position  of  notaries 
in  our  legal  system;  but  the  rules  for  their  admission  laid  down 
in  1469  were  but  little  altered  for  more  than  a  century.  From 
time  to  time  acts  of  parliament  were  passed  regulating  the  ex- 
aminations of  intrant  notaries.  Notable  among  these  are  James  iv. 
c.  64,  1503 ;  James  v.  cc.  76  and  78,  1540 ;  and  Mary,  c.  24,  1551 ; 
c.  44,  1555  ;  cc.  78  and  79,  1563.  By  virtue  of  the  last  of  these 
statutes,  the  lords  of  session  and  college  of  justice  obtained  the  power, 
which  they  still  exercise,  of  creating  and  admitting  notaries  public 
in  Scotland.  An  act  of  the  eleventh  parliament  of  king  James  vi. 
c.  45,  passed  in  1587,  "for  remeid  of  the  falsset  and  ignorance  of 
sindrie  notaries,"  requires  that  those  to  be  admitted  notaries  should 
have  "  a  reasonable  understanding  in  the  Latin  tongue,"  and  have 
served  with  one  of  the  lords  of  session,  commissaries,  writers  to 
the  signet,  or  some  of  the  sheriff',  stewart,  or  bailie  clerks  of  the 
shire  or  burghs.^ 

'  As  this  act  is  still  a  ruling  authority  on  the  and  stay  for  the  space  of  five  zeiris  next  efter 

subject,  it  may  be  well  to  give  its  terms  :—  the  date  of  yir  pfitis  And  yat  nane  be  admittit 

For  remeid  of  the  falsset  and  ignorance  of  noteris  thairefter  hot  yai  that  hes  ressounable 

Sindrie  notaris  .  .  .  vnderstanding  in  the  latine  toung  and  is  at  the 

"  It  IS  statute  and  ordanit  be  his  ma"*  w'  auise  leiss  congruus    That  yai  have  seruit  and  bene 

of  the  thrie  estaitis  of  yis  p&t  parliamet  That  in  cumpanie  w*  ane  of  the  lordis  of  sessioun 

t,\\  admissioun  of  notaris  in  tyme  earning  ceis  coinissns  writtaris  to  ye  signet  or  sum  of  theW 


1»T        THE   SOCIETY    OF   WEITEES    TO   THE   SIGNET 

An  application  for  admission  as  a  notaiy  proceeded  upon  a 
petition  presented  to  the  court  of  session.  A  remit  was  then  made 
to  members  of  that  body,  styled  "  the  lordis  examinatoris,"  and, 
at  least  in  the  later  practice,  the  applicant,  if  found  qualified,  was 
admitted  by  these  examining  judges  without  any  report  to  the 
court.  The  work  of  examining  thus  entailed  upon  the  lords  of 
session,  seems  to  have  interfered  with  their  other  duties,  and, 
on  31st  December  1595,  and  30th  July  1691,  acts  of  sederunt 
were  passed  stringently  regulating  the  examination  of  notaries. 
The  last-named  act  ordains,  "  that  in  time  comeing,  no  person  be 
admitted  nottar,  unless  a  petition  be  given  in  to  the  whole  lords,  in 
presentia,  with  a  certificate  under  the  hands  of  persones  of  credit 
attesting  the  petitioner  to  be  a  person  of  good  fame,  and  that  he 
hath  had  good  breeding  for  qualifying  him  to  excerce  the  trust  of  a 
nottar-publick ;  and  that  exact  tryall  be  taken  by  the  ordinary  on 
the  bills  for  the  time,  and  any  other  of  the  lords  to  be  appoynted 
by  them  (being  both  mett  together),  of  the  person's  knowledge  and 
qualifications,  conform  to  the  acts  of  parliament  which  are  in 
vigour,  before  he  be  admitted  nottar."  It  came  to  be  the  rule 
that  the  certificate  thus  required  should  be  signed  by  an  advocate 
and  a  writer  to  the  signet.  The  lords  examinators  reported  to 
the  court  the  result  of  their  personal  examination  of  the  applicant, 
and,  if  their  report  was  favourable,  the  court  thereupon  admitted 
the  notary.  These  forms  coming  in  time  to  be  found  burdensome, 
the  two  lords  ordinary  who  acted  as  lords  examinators,  made  a  remit 

sref  btewart  or  baillie  clerkis  of  the  schyre  or  ting  and  conginiitie  be  formig  of  sum  enident 
coinoun  clerkis  of  the  heid  burrowis  of  yis  as  charter  of  waird  blenche  fewferme  burgage 
realine  And  haif  seruit  yame  trewlie  the  full  mortificatioun  or  apprising  or  of  ane  precept 
space  of  sevm  zeiris  and  reporte  y'  testimonial!  past  or  of  ane  reto''  or  of  clare  costat  or  of  ane  in- 
of  y'  treuth  and  qualificatiouu  to  be  schawin  to  feftment  of  resignatioun  in  favo''  or  ad  perpetuS 
the  lordis  of  counsall  in  tyme  of  y''  examinatioun  remanetiam  or  sum  instrument  of  seising,  or  of 
qlkis  sail  tak  cair  in  the  same  examinatioun  be  ane  contract,  a  compromit,  a  procuratorie,  a 
thame  selffis  or  sum  of  yair  awin  clerkis  or  sum  tak,  a  reversioun,  acquittance,  or  sum  vy' 
of  the  clerkis  of  the  signet  quhome  yal  pleiss  cofnoun  forme  of  evident  And  nsuie  to  be  ad- 
call  to  thame  for  yat  effect.  And  spcalie  yai  mittit  bot  be  triall  and  pruif  foirsaid. — Ads 
sail  causs  the  ptie  desirous  to  be  admittit  noter  of  Parliament  (Thomson,  edit.  1814),  vol.  iii, 
gif  a  put  and  full  pruif  in  yair  pfis  of  his  -writ-  p.  449, 


HISTOEY   OP   THE    SOCIETY  Ixv 

to  two  writers  to  the  signet  specially  named,  "  to  take  the  try  all 
of  the  petitioners'  qualifications  as  directed  by  the  ffourty-fifth  act 
of  the  eleventh  parliament  of  king  James  the  sixth,  and  to  report." 
This  last  mode  of  procedure  can  be  traced  back  as  far  as  the  year 
1736  ;  and,  from  1750  onwards,  it  has,  with  the  modifications  after- 
mentioned,  been  followed. 

In  1812,  the  minutes  of  this  society  bear  that  it  was  "resolved 
that  it  would  be  proper  in  future  to  appoint  permanent  examinators 
for  the  trial  of  applicants  for  the  office  of  notary  public."  The 
change,  thus  proposed,  meeting  with  the  approval  of  the  court, 
was  adopted.  Since  1886  the  commissioners  of  the  signet  appointed 
to  examine  intrants  to  their  society  have  also  examined  applicants 
for  the  office  of  notary  pubhc,  and  this  practice  remains  in  force. 
By  the  law  agents'  act  of  1873  any  enrolled  law  agent  wishing  to 
become  a  notary  pubUc  may  apply  to  the  court  of  session  to  be 
admitted  a  notary,  and  the  court  may  admit  him  and  grant  warrant 
for  his  enrolment  on  his  paying  the  legal  stamp-duty. 


CHAPTER    II. 

THE   LIBEARY. 

The  library  of  the  society,  generally  known  as  the  signet 
LIBRARY,  is  not  yet  a  hundred  and  seventy  years  old.  It  at 
present  contains  more  than  82,000  volumes,  and  for  many  years 
has  been  growing  at  the  rate  of  about  1000  volumes  annually.  The 
books  are  arranged  in  two  large  halls  and  in  a  number  of  smaller 
adjoining  apartments.  In  the  upper  hall  (138  feet  by  41)  are 
placed  works  of  general  Hterature,  history,  and  science,  English  and 
foreign.  The  lower  hall,  which  is  used  as  the  pubHc  reading-room 
(104  feet  by  41),  contains  the  principal  law-books,  Scottish  and 
Enghsh,  as  well  as  British  history,  topography  and  biography, 
with  voyages  and  travels.  Leading  from  the  lower  hall,  and  on 
the  same  floor,  are  the  rooms  assigned  respectively  to  the  deputy 
keeper  of  the  signet  and  to  the  librarian,  which,  with  the  west 
lobby,  are  filled  with  books.  Above  are  the  commissioners'  room 
and  the  session  paper  room,  while  below,  on  the  basement  floor,  is 
a  series  of  apartments  known  as  the  fiscal's  or  map  room,  the  civil 
law  room,  and  the  magazine  room,  with  three  others,  unnamed,  and 
recently  furnished  with  shelves, — making  eleven  in  all. 
Law  library,  The  germs  of  the  library  were  created,  on  the  1 2th  November 

1722,^  by  an  order  of  the  society  to  the  effect  that  aU  the  Scots 
law-books,  and  the  acts  of  parliament  passed  before  and  after 
the  union,  should  be  procured  at  once,  and  that  to  these  should  be 
added  all  future  pubhcations  of  the  same  kind  as  they  appeared. 
The  collection  thus  acquired  was  not  a  large  one.     The  Scots  law- 

By  a   misprint   in    Mr.    Bell's   Memorial      foundation  of  the  library  is  dated  in  1752  ;  and 
(Jardine's  Collection  of  Signet  Papers,  vol.  i.)  the      this  error  has  been  frequently  repeated. 


THE   LIBRAEY  ■^-'^-         Ixvii 

books  then  in  print  did  not  amount  to  more  than  sixty  volumes 
in  all.  The  books  were  to  lie  in  the  Signet  Office,  then  located 
in  Writers'  Court.  Before  many  months  passed  it  was  found  ex- 
pedient to  add  sundry  works  of  English  law,  and  accordingly,  on 
15th  July  1723,  we  find  authority  given  to  the  treasurer  to  pay 
forty  shUlings  sterling  for  the  following  books :  CoweU's  Latv 
Dictionary,  Jacob's  Accomplished  Conveyancer,  The  Grand  Pre- 
cedent by  the  same  author,  and  a  more  recent  publication,  Green- 
wood on  County  Courts. 

There  were  at  this  time  no  regular  funds  set  apart  for  the 
library ;  and  the  treasurer,  who  was  commissioned  to  make  the 
requisite  purchases  of  books,  seems  to  have  assumed  some  responsi- 
bility for  their  safe-keeping.  He  makes  complaint  to  a  general 
meeting  in  1738  that  certain  volumes  wei-e  missing,  and  has  inquiries 
made  for  their  discovery  and  return.  The  manner  in  which  the 
library  fund  originated  is  curious.  The  customaiy  entertainments  Library  fund, 
given  by  intrants  upon  their  admission  to  the  society  had  apparently 
led  to  some  abuses.  The  deputy  keeper  and  commissioners,  who 
had  previously  attempted  to  suppress  these  festivities,  now  (Feb.  3, 
1755)  imposed  a  fine  upon  any  intrant  who  should  give  an  enter- 
tainment of  the  sort ;  and,  furthermore,  "  in  consideration  of  this 
expense  being  saved  to  the  intrants,"  enacted  that  each  intrant  in 
time  to  come  should  pay  three  guineas  to  be  applied  to  the  pur- 
chasing of  books  lor  the  society,  and  that  any  clerk  of  the  society 
going  to  such  entertainments  should  pay  five  guineas,  by  way  of 
fine,  towards  the  same  fund.  The  result  was  so  far  satisfactoiy 
that,  in  the  following  January,  the  treasurer  was  able  to  report 
that  he  now  held  in  his  hands  from  this  source  about  twenty-seven 
guineas,  with  which  he  was  ready  to  purchase  books. 

This  original  tax  of  three  guineas  was,  in  1769,  raised  to  £10 ; 
and  in  1778  the  payment  was  so  divided  that  half  the  sum  was 
paid  on  entering  into  indenture  and  half  on  admission  into  the 
society.     In  1787  the  whole  sum  was  paid  at  the  date  of  indenture. 


Ixviu        THE  SOCIETY  OF  WKITEES  TO  THE  SIGNET 

As,  for  a  period  of  many  years  from  this  time  the  average  number 

of  apprentices  was  forty,  this  tax  alone  produced  about  £400  a  year. 

General  library,         It  was  not  till  1778,  when  this  small  law  library  had  been  in 

1788  • 

existence  for  more  than  half  a  century,  that  the  society  resolved 
to  form  a  general  library  on  a  large  scale,  and  with  this  view 
began  to  collect  the  best  books  in  every  department  of  literature. 
But  the  need  of  access  to  such  a  collection  for  the  purposes  of 
reference  and  research  had  been  long  felt.  In  1740  a  proposal  had 
been  made  that  the  writers  to  the  signet  should  be  granted  all 
the  privileges  of  the  members  of  the  bar  with  regard  to  the 
advocates'  library,  which,  at  that  time,  was  making  great  progress 
under  its  energetic  keeper  and  "  second  founder,"  Mr.  Kuddiman. 
A  committee  of  members  of  the  society  met  with  the  dean  of  the 
faculty  and  some  of  the  leading  advocates  to  make  arrangements 
with  this  object,  and  a  general  meeting  of  the  society,  unani- 
mously approving  the  scheme,  proposed  to  contribute  fifty  guineas 
to  the  funds  of  the  advocates'  library,  and  to  burden  each  intrant 
with  the  payment  of  100  merks  Scots.  The  project,  however,  fell 
through. 
First  curators.  It  may  be  said,  therefore,  that  1778  was  the  true  date  of  the 

birth  of  the  general  library.  Two  curators,  viz.,  Mr.  Samuel 
Mitchelson,  treasurer,  and  Mr.  David  Erskine,  were  appointed,  with 
powers  to  purchase  books.  A  stamp  inscribed  with  the  name  of 
the  society  was  placed  upon  the  books.  Important  donations  were 
made  at  various  times  by  members  of  the  society  and  their  friends. 
Hew  Dalrymple,  lord  Drummore,  presented  a  fine  copy  of  Domes- 
day, and  Henry  Dundas,  viscount  Melville,  the  lord  advocate, 
procured  a  copy  of  the  London  Gazette  to  be  regularly  sent  to 
the  library.  Mr.  Andrew  Stuart  presented  a  set  of  the  journals 
of  both  houses  of  parliament,  in  sixty  volumes,  folio ;  Mr.  Archi- 
bald Campbell  of  Succoth  gave  a  good  collection  of  the  ancient 
classics.  Meanwhile,  as  the  books  multiplied,  the  curators  became 
unable  to  devote  the  necessary  time  to  the  work  assigned  to  them, 


THE  LIBEAEY  Ixix 

or  to  grapple  witli  the  difficulties  arising  from  want  of  space. 
Changes  were  made  from  time  to  time  in  the  number  of  curators  and 
their  mode  of  election.  In  1788  there  were  five  appointed,  and  in 
1792  nine.  The  books  now  numbered  about  3000,  and  many  were 
piled  on  the  floor  for  want  of  shelf-room.  The  volumes  had  been 
removed  from  the  signet  office  in  1782  to  a  new  library  room. 
But  this  room  in  turn  had  been  filled  to  overflowing.  There  was 
still  no  regular  librarian ;  and  a  special  committee,  reporting  on  the 
state  of  the  library  (May  26,  1794),  suggests  that  such  an  appoint- 
ment should  be  deferred  until  a  new  library  room  be  procured,  and 
that  meantime  "the  charge  of  the  books  should  be  committed  to 
Mr.  John  Cameron,  who,  indeed,  for  some  considerable  time,  had 
had  the  management  of  them."  ^  It  is  probable  that  we  owe  to 
Mr.  Cameron  the  compilation  of  the  first  catalogue  of  the  libraiy, 
printed  at  Edinburgh  in  octavo,  1792. 

This  catalogue  is  a  rough  hand-list  hastily  drawn  up  and  not  free  First  catalogue. 
from  errors,  but  it  is  interesting  as  presenting  a  view  of  the  char- 
acter and  contents  of  the  collection  at  that  early  date,  and  indicating 
the  aim  which  the  curators  had  before  them.  Mr.  Robert  Bell,  the 
lectui'er  on  conveyancing,  in  a  memorial  wliich  he  addressed  to  the 
society  on  the  afiairs  of  the  library  in  1800,  made  great  complaint 
of  its  insufficiency."  He  was  ambitious  that  it  should  contain  not 
only  the  standard  works  in  every  branch  of  study,  but  all  historical 
muniments  which  could  elucidate  the  former  state  of  the  country 
and  the  progress  of  her  laws.  He  advocated  a  collection  of  portraits 
as  well  as  of  manuscripts.  In  the  opinion  of  Mr.  Bell,  the  collection 
already  made  was  ill  chosen.  Yet  it  will  be  seen  that  its  foun- 
dations were,  even  at  this  time,  laid  deeply  if  not  broadly.  The 
deficiency  was,  indeed,  most  patent  in  the  department  in  which, 

'■  In  1792  Mr.  Cameron  was  paid  £11,  lis.       "  at  the  rate  of  £25  a  year,  afterwards,  in  1800, 
"for  trouble."     In  1795,  notwithstanding  the     increased  to  £67. 

suggestion  of  the  committee,  there  is  payment  -  "Memorial  relative  to  the  library  of  the 

made  to  him  of  "  salary  as  librarian  by  order,       writers  to  the  signet,  etc.,  humbly  submitted  to 

the  consideration  of  the  members." 


of  books. 


Ixx  THE  SOCIETY  OF  WEITEES  TO  THE  SIGNET 

judging  from  its  present  state,  we  should  least  expect  it,  viz.,  in 
the  national  literature. 
The  collection  The  great  European  collections  and  works  of  research  were 
already  on  the  shelves.  There  were  182  volumes  of  the  Academie 
des  Sciences;  114  of  the  Acta  Eruditorum  Lipsice;  Muratori's 
collection  of  Italian  historians;  Dom  Bouquet's  Histoire  littercdre 
de  France ;  the  thirty  folios  of  the  Byzantine  historians ;  the  great 
collections  of  antiquities  by  Grsevius,  Gronovius  and  Ugolini,  and 
Gruter's  Roman  inscriptions.  Ecclesiastical  history  was  represented 
by  the  annals  of  Baronius,  the  works  of  Beausobre,  Basnage,  Tille- 
mont,  and  Mosheim  ;  Hebrew  literature  and  criticism  by  Walton's 
polyglot,  the  Gritici  Sacri,  Surenhusius'  Mischna,  and  the  works 
of  Bochart.  There  were  also  Kennicott's  Hebrew  bible,  the  Codex 
Alexandrmus  of  the  Greek  testament,  Origen's  Hexapla  and  the 
Patres  Apostolici  of  Cotelerius.  In  French  literature  there  were 
the  works  of  Montaigne,  Corneille,  Moli^re,  Racine,  Voltaire, 
Rousseau,  and  Cr^billon ;  in  Italian,  Machiavelli,  Metastasio,  Tasso, 
and  Dante.  But  although  there  were  Hebrew,  Russian,  Spanish 
and  Italian  bibles,  there  was  no  copy  of  the  English  version ;  and 
while  English  poetry  was  represented  by  Milton  and  Pope,  there 
was  no  edition  of  Shakespeare,  and,  what  is  perhaps  more  strange, 
none  of  sir  David  Lindsay,  In  light  literature  the  society  was 
content  with  Sterne's  Tristram  Shandy  and  his  Sentimental  Journey. 
In  voyages  and  travels,  now  a  strong  feature  of  the  libraiy,  readers 
were  limited  to  the  collections  of  Hakluyt,  Harris,  and  Provost. 
The  ground-work  of  the  present  rich  collection  of  British  topography 
was  already  laid  by  the  acquisition  of  some  good  county  histories. 

The  collection  as  a  whole  was  certainly  miscellaneous,  and,  while 
the  departments  of  learning  were  unequally  represented,  in  none  was 
there  an  approach  to  completeness.  The  works  were,  however,  not 
ill  chosen  if  regai'ded  as  specimens  of  each  class — solid  blocks  of 
literature  placed  here  and  there  to  mark  the  line  of  the  foundations 
upon  which  it  was  intended  to  raise  the  superstructure. 


THE  LIBEAEY  Ixxi 

For  a  few  years  longer  Mr.  Cameron  and  Mr.  Alexander  Alison, 
the  assistant  clerk  to  the  society,  appear  to  have  had  charge  of  the 
books.  The  curators  took  pains  to  procure  suitable  additions  to  the 
library,  but  the  practical  management  fell  into  comparative  neglect. 
In  1804  Mr.  George  Sandy,  who  had  passed  W.S.  in  1798,  was  ap-  Mr.  George  Sandy, 
pointed  one  of  a  committee  of  four  to  draw  up  a  report  upon  the  state  '''''''"■>*°- 
of  the  library.  Books,  it  is  said,  were  found  in  large  numbers  not 
stamped  or  entered  in  the  catalogue ;  and  there  were  masses  of  books 
and  papers  unarranged  and  unbound,  lying  in  various  parts  of  the 
house,  and  several  volumes  missing  altogether.  For  three  months 
Mr.  Sandy  assiduously  devoted  himself  to  the  task  of  re-arranging  the 
books  and  restoring  the  library  to  its  proper  condition.  An  evidence 
of  his  industry  remains  in  the  inscription  Ex  lihris  hihliothecce 
scriharum  Signeto  regio  which  he  wrote  in  every  volume  then  in 
possession  of  the  society.  He  next  turned  his  attention  to  the 
catalogue,  and  in  order  to  remedy  the  defects  in  the  list  of  1792, 
and  to  bring  it  up  to  date,  he  undertook  the  compilation  of  a 
catalogue  raisonnS,  or  classified  catalogue,  on  an  elaborate  scale,  not 
only  specifying  the  titles  of  aU  the  separate  pieces  in  the  several 
collections  or  transactions  of  societies,  but  analysing  the  contents, 
or  giving  the  heads  of  chapters,  of  important  works. 

This  catalogue,  though  certainly  premature,  was  not  without  its 
use,  seeing  how  largely  the  library  at  that  time  consisted  of  pub- 
lications of  a  cyclopaedic  and  polygraphic  character.  Mr.  Sandy's 
volume  was  printed  in  quarto  at  the  university  press  in  1805.  His 
preface  is  dated  May  15th  of  that  year;  but  before  the  book  was 
issued,  the  appointment  of  Mr.  Macvey  Napier  as  the  official  hbrarian  Mr.  Maovey 
of  the  society  entirely  changed  the  aspect  of  aftairs.  For  the  next  fi^rlriLx 
thirty  years  he  was  the  soul  of  every  enterprise  in  connection  with 
the  library,  and  to  his  energy  and  zeal  is  in  a  large  measure  due 
the  merit  of  selecting  and  accumulating  whatever  is  richest  and 
most  valuable  in  the  present  collection. 

Mr.  Sandy,  shortly  after  the  completion  of  his  catalogue,  received 


Ixxii        THE  SOCIETY  OF  WEITEES  TO  THE  SIGNET 

the  appointment  of  secretary  to  the  bank  of  Scotland,  and  held 
that  office  for  about  thirty  years.     The  society,  however,  elected  him 
a  curator  of  the  library  for  life.     He  was  a  well-known  character 
in  Edinburgh,  and  his  portrait  or  caricature,  with  a  description  of 
his  features  and  figure,  more  forcible  than  flattering,  may  be  seen 
in  Crombie's  Modern  AtJmiians.     Mr.  Sandy  died  in  1853, 
Library  building.         But  to  retum  to  the  history  of  the  buildings.     In  1778  when 
the  library,  as  has  been  said,  first  emerged  from  its  chrysalis  state, 
the    society  was  already  contemplating   the  erection  of  a  new  hall 
and  library  room  on  ground  which  was  at  that  time  for  sale,  near 
the  session  house,  "  where  the  old  burgh  room  stood."      The  cost 
of  the  new  ground  and  building  was  to  have  been  £3000,  and  the 
value  of  the  old  signet  office  was  estimated  at  £200.     The  society 
however,  after  some  negotiations,  thought  fit  to  abandon  the  scheme. 
Yet  some  increase  of  accommodation  was  imperative  ;  and  when,  two 
years  later,  Mr.  Walter  Scott,  the  father  of  sir  Walter,  and  other 
influential  members  once  more  urged  the  acquisition  of  a  set  of  rooms 
with  a  hall  (35  feet  by  22)  for  the  sum  of  £2000,  a  large  majority 
was  in  favour  of  the  proposal.      StUl   nothing  was  done,  until  in 
1782   the  society  was  content  to  purchase  the  house  or  flat  im- 
mediately above  the  signet  office  in  Writers'  Court  for  a  hall  and 
hbrary  (at  £342),  adding  to  it,  in  the  following  year,  the  house  im- 
mediately below,  which  was  purchased  from  Mr.  James  Marshall,  W.S. 
An  entry  from  the  hall  into  the  exchange  was  then  made.    Here 
was  the  library  room,  which  contained  the  3000  volumes  catalogued 
in  the  list  of  1792,  and  which  the  committee  of  1794  reported  to  be 
"  totally  inadequate,"  from  the  great  increase  of  books  lately  pur- 
chased.     The  hall,  too,  described  as  29  feet  by  18,  "with  a  large 
table  in  the  midst,"  was  said  to  be  not  large  enough  for  a  fidl 
meeting  of  the  society,  which  then  numbered  about  280  members. 

There  was  now  some  talk  of  acquiring  part  of  the  pubhc  buUdings 
about  to  be  erected  in  connection  with  the  parliament  house,  but  the 
project  seenied  too  remote  to  be  taken  into  practical  consideration. 


THE   LIBEAEY  Ixxiii 

In  the  last  year  of  the  century  a  definite  proposal  was  made  to 
purchase  the  house  of  Mr.  Home  Eigg  in  the  Royal  Bank  Close 
— a  proposal  vigorously  advocated  in  the  above-mentioned  memorial 
by  Mr.  Bell,  who  appends  to  his  paper  a  plan  of  the  building,  with 
certain  alterations  intended  to  adapt  it  to  the  needs  of  the  society. 
This  house  was  to  cost  £2000.  The  principal  apartment  measured 
no  more  than  30  feet  by  1 8,  but  there  were  six  other  rooms  besides  one 
intended  for  the  signet  office.  Again  the  projected  purchase  failed 
to  secure  the  suffrages  of  the  majority.  But,  as  on  the  former  occasion 
(1782),  the  society  preferred  to  enlai-ge  its  existing  premises;  and 
accordingly,  in  1807,  secured  the  adjoining  house  belonging  to  Mr. 
Ross  for  £220,  and  opened  a  door  between  the  two  houses.  This 
gave  the  members  a  room,  slightly  larger  than  that  in  Mr.  Home 
Rigg's  house,  and  a  residence  for  the  officer.  The  new  librarian, 
Mr.  Napier,  took  an  active  part  in  the  transaction.  It  was  in  this 
same  year,  1807,  that  the  curators  opened  a  minute-book  of  then- 
proceedings,  and  the  first  entries  have  reference  to  the  necessary 
alterations  for  the  rearrangement  of  the  books  in  the  new  building. 
The  revenue  of  the  library  fund  was  now  about  £500. 

It  is  noteworthy  that  just  six  months  after  the  books  were  re-  New imii and  library 
distributed  in  their  new  home,  Mr.  Napier  reported  that  the  time  P"i'»'»ent  Square. 
had  now  come  when  it  appeared  desirable  for  the  society  to  co- 
operate with  other  public  bodies  in  the  acquisition  of  the  area  laid 
out  for  buildings  in  the  vicinity  of  the  parliament  house.  Shortly 
afterwards  we  find  Mr.  Reid,  architect,  who  was  empowered  to 
treat  with  communities  desirous  of  being  accommodated  in  these 
buildings,^  attending  at  the  request  of  the  library  committee  to 
explain  the  plans  he  had  drawn  i;p.  The  space  allotted  to 
the  society   was   on  the   lower  floor  of  the   building,  on  a  level 

1  Trustees  were  named  by  act  of  parliament,  library  for  the  writera  to  the  signet,   "upon 

for  the   purpose    of   erecting    certain    public  their   agreeing  to   defray  a  rateable   propor- 

buildings  in  immediate  connection  with   the  tion  of  the  general  expense. " — Report  from  the 

parliament  house,  and  it  was  proposed  to  in-  library  committee,  March  7th,  1 809  (Jardine's 

elude  in  the  plan  of  these  buildings  a  hall  and  Papers,  vol.  ii.), 

k 


Ixxiv       THE  SOCIETY  OF  WEITEES  TO  THE  SIGNET 

with  the  parliament  house — into  which  there  was  to  be  a  door 
opening  frora  the  lobby  upon  the  site  of  the  old  goldsmiths'  hall 
— in  length  103  feet,  in  breadth  38,  and  in  height  20.  At  the  ex- 
tremity of  this  space  and  adjoining  the  signet  office — a  part  of  the 
building  for  which  provision  was  made  in  the  act — it  was  proposed 
to  have  small  rooms  opening  from  the  library  for  committee 
meetings,  etc.  The  estimate  of  Mr.  Reid,  confirmed  by  an  estimate 
furnished  by  Mr.  Burns  on  behalf  of  the  society,  was  £5000. 
£r  .  The  committee  calculated  that,  after  the  sale  of  the  premises 
in  Writers'  Court,  there  would  probably  be  a  deficiency  of  £3000, 
and  that  the  expenses  of  fitting  up  the  new  apartments  would 
amount  to  £1000  more.  On  this  supposition  they  proposed  to 
borrow  £4000  from  the  general  or  poor's  fund,  and  to  pay  the 
interest  by  an  annual  subscription  of  one  guinea  from  each  member. 
The  scheme  was  agreed  upon  at  an  annual  meeting  in  March  1809. 
Various  modifications  of  the  plan  of  the  building  Avere  subsequently 
made  (November  1810)  in  certain  details,  especially  with  regard  to 
the  arrangement  of  the  rooms  at  the  west  end  of  the  library  ;  and 
there  was  considerable  delay  before  the  draft  contract  was  completed. 
From  November  1810  to  January  1812  nothing  was  done.  The 
society  then  called  to  their  assistance  Mr.  Stark,  architect,  and 
instructed  him  to  prepare  detailed  designs  and  working  plans,  to 
furnish  them  to  Mr.  Reid,  and  to  inspect  the  work  from  time  to 
time  as  it  proceeded.  The  building  was  begun  in  November  1812 
and  finished  in  March  1815.  It  was  then  found  that  there  was 
due  to  the  trustees  the  sum  of  £3424,  3s.  7d.,  in  addition  to  the 
£5000  of  the  original  estimate.  £755,  10s.  3d.  was  to  be  paid  to 
architects  ;  the  painting  and  carpets  had  cost  £1050  ;  and  a  honor- 
arium of  £525  was  bestowed  upon  the  librarian,  who  had  through- 
out superintended  the  work  in  all  its  details.  The  total  cost  of 
the  new  buildings  amounted,  therefore,  to  £10,754,  13s.  lOd. 
The  old  apartments  in  Writers'  Court  sold  for  £1600.  It  was 
now  apparent  that  after  the  payment  of  the  interest  on  the  debt, 


THE  LIBEAEY  Ixxv 

and  the  salaries  and  other  necessary  annual  expenses,  there  would, 
with  the  existing  sources  of  income,  remain  very  little  for  books. 
The  tax  on  apprentices  was  accordingly  now  raised  from  £20  to  £50, 
which,  it  was  calculated,  would  amount  to,  at  least,  £2000,  and 
would  leave  for  the  purchase  of  books  £1286.  This  sum,  adds  the 
committee,  "although  apparently  large,  will  be  found  to  be  not 
more  than  adequate  for  the  expenditure  necessary  for  preserving 
the  high  character  the  library  has  already  most  justly  acquired."  * 

The  books  now  multiplied  rapidly.  From  1808  to  1814,  in  Expenditure 
the  enlarged  rooms  in  Writers'  Court,  the  progress  had  been  steady,  °"  books. 
the  annual  expenditure  on  books  and  bindings  gradually  advancing 
from  £450  to  £632.  But  in  1815  the  curators  recognised  that  this 
was  not  "  nearly  adequate  to  the  double  purpose  of  supplying  the 
many  deficiencies  in  useful  literature  and  the  new  publications  of 
interest."  The  average  expenditure  for  the  next  seven  years 
suddenly  leapt  to  £1155  for  books  alone.  In  1823  the  sum  so  spent 
was  £1575,  exclusive  of  £256  for  binding ;  and  in  the  following  year 
the  same  accounts  amounted  to  £1994,  12s.  3d.  The  library  also 
received  in  1821  a  remarkable  donation  of  Polish  literature  and 
works  upon  Poland,  180  volumes  in  all,  from  the  count  Constantin 
Zamoyski,  in  recognition  of  the  courtesy  shown  by  the  society  in 
allowing  him  and  his  friends  the  use  of  the  library ;  and  his  generous 
example  was  shortly  aftei-wards  followed  by  count  Sobieski,  who 
presented  fifty  additional  volumes  of  the  same  kind.  In  1825  it 
was  reckoned  that  the  number  of  books  was  five  times  what  it  had 
been  in  1805,  that  is,  probably  about  30,000  volumes  as  compared 
with  the  6000  of  the  former  date. 

It  is  not  surprising  that  the  society  should,  by  this  time,  have  Acquisition  of 
again  felt  the  pressure  of  want  of  space.     The  apartment  hitherto     ^  ""^^^ 
used  as  a  lecture  room  in  the  basement  was  in  1825  appropriated 
for  books.     In  the  following  year,  Mr.  Napier  reported  that  further 

'  "E«port  from  the  committee  respecting  the  new  hall  and  library,  24th  November  1815."— 
Jardine's  Collection,  vol.  ii.  No.  20. 


Ixxvi       THE  SOCIETY  OF  WEITEKS  tO   THE  SIGNET? 

accommodation  had  been  gained  by  the  removal  of  the  business  of 
the  signet  office  to  the  general  register  house,  and  he  was  looking 
forward  with  much  satisfaction  to  the  possession  of  "the  noble 
library  room  lately  purchased  from  the  faculty  of  advocates." 
The  room  or  hall  referred  to,  occupying  the  floor  above  the  signet 
library,  formed  part  of  the  advocates'  library.  It  was  purchased  by 
the  society  for  the  sum  of  £12,000  in  1826,  but  for  a  few  years 
more  the  faculty  of  advocates  retained  the  use  of  the  room,  paying 
rent  to  the  society.  In  1826,  also,  certain  alterations  were  made 
in  the  lower  floor  or  basement,  and  a  sunk  area  was  formed  on  the 
north  side  of  the  library.  In  1829,  Ave  find  Mr.  Napier  requiring 
the  assistance  of  two  sub-librarians,  for  (he  reported),  "besides 
the  large  room  or  hall,  there  are  at  present  five  apartments,  one 
of  very  considerable  dimensions,  nearly  filled  with  books,  all  of 
which  apartments  have  been  brought  into  use  within  the  last  few 
years.  Two  assistants  will  at  least  be  necessaiy,  even  if  not  a 
third,  when  the  upper  hall  comes  into  vise." 

Regulations  for  the  management  of  the  library,  substantially 
those  now  in  force,  were  at  this  date  (1826)  printed,  and  the 
librarian  was  instructed,  that  it  was  his  duty  "  to  attend  to  the 
selection  and  purchase  of  books,  not  merely  the  publications  of 
the  day,  but  all  the  works  in  the  various  departments  of  learn- 
ing, ancient  and  modem,  proper  for  the  formation  of  a  general 
library  on  an  extensive  scale."  As  an  example  of  the  liberal 
manner  in  which  this  principle  was  put  in  practice,  it  may  be 
noticed  that  in  1832,  at  a  meeting  of  the  curators,  it  was  on  the 
suggestion  of  the  librarian,  unanimously  resolved  to  purchase  the 
Cabinet  die  Roi  for  £120,  and  ffumholdt's  Voyages  for  £160. 

At  last  in  1833  access  was  obtained  to  the  upper  hall.  Thirteen 
thousand  volumes  were  removed  to  this  hall.  Alterations  were 
made  in  the  staircase  leading  to  it,  and  a  new  communication 
effected  with  the  basement  floor  from  the  east  end. 

About  this  time  (1834-6),  a  number  of  portraits  of  eminent 


Ixxviii    THE  SOCIETY   OF  WKITEES  TO   THE  SIGNET 

"  One  man  is  climbing  the  heights  of  Chimborazo  in  a  marvel- 
lously fine  set  of  Humboldt's  travels  :  another  is  measuring  a 
portion  of  the  Coliseum  in  a  set  of  Firanesi's  works,  of  equal 
splendour  and  perfection :  a  third  is  lost  in  astonishment  at  the 
wild  gambols  of  some  savages  in  a  proof  impression  of  one  of  the 
plates  of  Be  Bnj  :  a  fourth  is  mounting  a  pyramid  in  Denon's  Egypt : 
while  yonder  is  an  active  group  busied  in  gazing  upon  the  statues 
of  the  Florentine  and  Clementine  museums.  Apart  sits  a  solemn 
student,  extracting  from  the  lore  of  the  Acta  Sanctorum,  in  a  copy 
of  that  work  which  had  been  Meerman's,  and  which,  as  far  as  my 
own  experience  goes,  is  unrivalled  for  ligature  and  condition.  And 
then  such  a  beautiful  set  of  Plcart !  But  this  is  highly  irregular. 
My  good  friend,  the  newly  appointed  librarian  of  this  collection, 
Mr.  David  Laing,  stands  on  the  landing-place  of  the  upper  room  to 
receive  me.  I  had  first,  however,  surveyed  the  lower  room.  Each 
room  is  120  feet  in  length  ;^  and  enfiladed — especially  in  the  lower 
one — by  two  such  long  rows  of  Doric  columns,  so  closely  communi- 
cating with  each  other,  that  the  effect  is  most  singular — and 
certainly  not  in  the  best  taste.  You  would  fancy  in  a  little  time, 
that  these  pillars  would  leave  their  resting-places,  and  go  down  a 
country  dance  with  their  opposite  neighbours.  The  upper  room  is 
as  thickly  studded  with  pillars  as  the  lower ;  but  they  are  less 
heavy,  and  fluted — of  the  Ionic  order.^  The  whole  effect  of  this 
upper  room  is  exceedingly  beautiful  as  well  as  novel :  while  the 
central  cupola,  filled  with  an  allegorical  painting  by  Stothard,^  adds 
to  the  lightsomeness  and  splendour  of  the  interior.     My  last  visit  to 

'  The  more  correct  measurements  have  been  traits  of  orators,  poets,   historians  and  philo- 

given  above,  p.  Ixxi.  sophers.    Opposite  Apollo  is  Demosthenes  with 

*  Rather,  of  the  Corinthian  order.  Cicero  on  his  right,  and  Herodotus  and  Livy 

'  This    painting    was   begun   by    Stotliard  on  his  left.    The  modern  historians  and  philoso- 

June  4th,  and  finished  August  1st,  1S22,  when  phers  are  Hume,  Robertson,  Gibbon,  Sir  Isaac 

the  hall  was  in  the  possession  of  the  advocates.  Newton,  Lord  Bacon,  Napier  of  Merchiston, 

This  design,  which  Mrs.  Bray  {Life  of  Thomas  and  Adam   Smith.      In   the   group   of    poets 

Stothard,   p.  166),   describes   as   "  a  splendid  Homer  occupies  the  centre,  with  Shakesi>eare 

monument  of  his  genius,"  represents  Apollo  and  and  Burns  on  his  right,  and  Milton  and  Virgil 

the  Muses  in  the  centre,  surrounded  by  por-  on  his  left. 


rrr-'j-yrc,,   rrrrr   r  THE   LIBRARY     -Trfrnt)"   m?  r        ixxix 

this  interior  was  in  company  with  Macvey  Napier,  Esq.,  the  late 
librarian ;  who  kindly  devoted  the  better  part  of  an  hour  to  give 
me  a  precis  of  its  contents.  The  plan  is  admirable.  No  pains  have 
been  spared  to  render  this  fine  collection  of  books  of  real  service  to 
the  studious.  Long  sets  of  the  most  costly  volumes — such  as  are 
beyond  the  means  of  ordinary  private  purses  to  procure — are  here 
duly  arranged — to  captivate  the  eye  and  warm  the  heart  of  the 
tasteful.  A  spirit  of  liberality  has  been  evinced,  such  as  I  find 
nowhere  to  the  south ;  and  if  Edinburgh  produce  not  a  genuine 
breed  of  all  that  is  good  and  gracious  in  boke=lore,  the  fault  must  not 
be  laid  at  the  doors  of  those  to  whom  this  magnificent  and  richly 
furnished  library  is  intrusted. 

"In  the  whole,  there  may  be  (as  was  stated  to  me)  40,000 
volumes  in  this  collection.  The  materiel — as  I  chuse  to  designate 
it — is  admirable.  Below,  there  are  abundant  small  rooms  for  maps, 
journals,  and  periodicals.  Here  business  is  done.  Above,  the  fruits 
of  that  business  palpably  appear.  When  George  iv.  visited  Edin- 
burgh, he  was,  as  he  well  might  be,  struck  and  delighted  with  the 
beauty  of  the  upper  library.  It  will  always  have  pleasing  re- 
miniscences for  me :  for  a  more  friendly  and  gratifying  hour  was 
never  spent  in  any  library,  than  that  which  I  spent  here  in  com- 
pany with  its  late  distinguished  librarian." 

In    1837    Mr.    Macvey    Napier,    having  been  appointed  one  of  Mr.  Napier's 
the  principal  clerks  of  session,  resigned  the  office  of  librarian.     In  «°'^''^^i'»^™«'"'- 
a  letter  conveying  his  resignation  to  the  curators,  dated  April  12th, 
he  wrote : — 

"  I  found  it  a  small,  yet  viewed  with  reference  to  its  contents 
a  valuable,  collection,  for  it  had  been  formed  chiefly  by  three  mem- 
bers of  the  body  possessing  great  zeal  and  intelligence,  and  no 
inconsiderable  literary  attainments  and  reputation,  viz.,  Mr.  John 
Davidson,  Mr.  William  Tytler,  and  Mr.  David  Erskine.     It  has  been 

^^  A  Bibliographical,  Antiquarian,  a7id  Pictur-      and   Scotland,  by   Thomas   F.  Dibdia,  DJ), 
etqueTour  in  the  Northern  Counties  of  England      (Lond.  :  1838),  vol.  iL  p.  600.  ^^^  >' ' 


Ixxx        THE  SOCIETY  OF  WEITERS  TO  THE  SIGNET 

by  following  their  example,  in  procuring  books,  the  possession  of 
which  imparts  lustre  to  a  library,  and  in  filling  up  systematically 
the  blanks  in  those  departments  more  specially  interesting  to  a 
society  like  ours — an  object  which  the  ample  funds,  for  many  years 
placed  at  my  disposal,  enabled  me  to  accomplish — that  I  now  leave 
it  one  of  the  choicest  and  most  valuable  repositories  of  learning  this 
part  of  the  island  possesses.  No  one  can  ever  again  witness  or  aid 
such  changes  in  its  progress  as  have  occurred  during  the  last  thirty 
years — changes  which,  from  an  obscure,  murky  and  dangerous 
neighbourhood,  have  placed  it  prominently  in  the  public  eye,  in 
apartments  every  way  worthy  of  a  great  society,  and  which  form 
one  of  the  ornaments  of  this  beautiful  city." 

Mr.  Napier  left  the  library  with  a  little  less  than  half  its 
present  number  of  volumes.  His  extensive  knowledge  of  books, 
which  the  variety  of  his  own  literary  pursuits  compelled  him  to 
keep  well  up  to  date,  admirably  fitted  him  for  the  selection  of  the 
best  works  on  every  requisite  subject.  In  the  year  of  his  appoint- 
ment as  librarian,  he  wrote  his  first  article  in  the  Edinburgh 
Review,  of  Avhich  in  1829,  and  thenceforward  during  its  most 
flourishing  period,  he  was  the  editor.  He  was  also  the  editor  of 
the  supplement  to  the  EncyclopcBdia  Britannica,  published  in  six 
volumes  in  1824,  and  of  the  seventh  edition,  in  twenty-one  volumes, 
which  first  went  to  press  in  1830.  In  1816,  he  was  made  lecturer 
on  conveyancing  to  the  society,  and  continued  to  hold  the  same 
office  when  in  1824  it  was  converted  into  a  professorship  at  the 
university.  He  died  in  1846. 
Mr.  Da\'id  Laing,  Mr.  David  Laing  was  elected  Mr.  Napier's  successor  as  libra- 

1  ranan,  .  ^.^^  June  21,  1837.  This  illustrious  scholar,  who  lived  to  edit 
some  eighty  separate  works  of  Scottish  literature  and  history,  and 
obtained  a  European  reputation  as  the  facile  princeps  of  Scottish 
antiquaries,  was,  when  quite  in  his  youth  and  acting  as  assistant  to 
his  father,  William  Laing,  the  Edinburgh  bookseller — already  recog- 
nised as  a  most  genuine  specimen  of  the  old-fashioned  bibliopole, 


THE  LIBEAKY  Ixxxi 

possessing  "  a  truly  wonderful  degree  of  skill  and  knowledge  in 
almost  all  departments  of  bibliography."  In  1818,  when  in  his 
twenty-fifth  year,  he  was  one  of  the  candidates  for  the  keepership 
of  the  advocates'  library.  In  1823,  on  the  institution  of  the  Banna- 
tyne  club,  under  the  presidency  of  his  friend  sir  Walter  Scott,  he 
was  installed  as  its  secretary,  a  post  which  he  occupied  until  the 
dissolution  of  the  club.  In  1824,  he  was  elected  a  fellow  of  the 
society  of  antiquaries,  for  which  he  acted  for  many  years  as  foreign 
secretary ;  and  there  was  scarcely  a  volume  of  the  Transactions 
to  which  he  was  not  in  some  measure  a  contributor.  The  testi- 
monials which  Mr.  Laing  brought  in  support  of  his  candidature  for 
the  signet  library  were  furnished  to  him  by  some  twenty  of  the 
most  eminent  men  of  letters  in  England  and  Scotland.  "  Upon 
the  strength  of  such  testimonials,"  exclaimed  Dr.  Dibdin,  "  he 
ought  to  continue  librarian  for  the  next  centviry."  He  in  fact  did 
so  continue  for  forty -one  years. 

Unfortunately,  just  at  the  moment  of  Mr.  Laing's  appointment,  Depression 
the  funds  of  the  society  were  suffering  from  an  unwonted  depres-  °^  ^""''^' 
sion  ;  and  for  the  next  ten  years  or  more,  the  increase  of  the  library 
was  by  no  means  on  a  par  with  that  in  the  preceding  twenty.  In 
1857,  a  further  restriction  in  the  purchase  of  books  was  found  to  be 
necessary.  The  sum  allowed  for  that  purpose  was,  indeed,  in  one 
year  reduced  to  £150.  It  is  not  therefore  surprising  that,  a 
few  years  later,  the  librarian  was  compelled  to  report  that  the 
library  was  "falling  into  arrears  in  aU  departments  of  literature 
except  perhaps  that  of  law."  The  funds,  however,  before  long 
recovered  their  normal  condition,  but  the  society  thought  fit  to 
continue  for  many  years  a  certain  restriction  upon  the  expenditure 
in  order  to  form  a  reserve  fund.  Thus  from  1867  to  1877,  the 
annual  amount  spent  on  books  and  binding  averaged  no  more  than 
£298;  whereas  the  average  for  the  ten  years  1823-1833  was 
£1500,  reaching  on  one  occasion  a  total  of  £4044.  Yet,  notwith- 
standing the  comparative  smallness  of  the  sum  at  his  disposal, 

I 


Ixxxii     THE  SOCIETY  OF  WEITEES    TO   THE  SIGNET 

Mr.  Laing's  unrivalled  knowledge  of  books,  especially  of  such  as 
were  connected  with  the  national  history  and  literature,  enabled 
him,  at  a  time  when  bargains  could  be  made  more  easily  than  now,  to 
acquire  for  the  library  many  rare  and  precious  volumes.  Meanwhile, 
many  improvements  were  effected  in  the  library  in  other  directions. 
Catalogues  The  curators   attached  great  importance   to  the  possession  of 

of  library.  complete  and  accessible  catalogues.  On  Mr.  Napier's  accession  to 
the  office  of  librarian,  the  only  available  catalogue  was  the  some- 
what impracticable  classified  catalogue  of  Mr.  Sandy,  already 
described.  During  the  period  of  the  rapid  increase  of  books  which 
,  followed,  the  curators  were  content  to  print  a  succession  of  supple- 
ments to  this  catalogue.  The  first  of  these  appeared  in  1820,  con- 
taining the  increase  of  ten  years,  arranged  alphabetically  according 
to  authors  in  the  ordinary  manner.  Six  years  later  (1826)  appeared 
another  supplement  equal  in  bulk  to  the  former.  In  1833  Mr, 
Sandy's  thick  quarto  volume  was  recast  with  an  alphabetical  arrange- 
ment, and  reduced  in  size,  in  uniformity  with  the  supplements,  and 
entitled  part  i.  In  the  same  year  a  third  supplement,  or  part  iv., 
was  printed,  comprising  the  additions  since  1826.  Thus  the  entire 
catalogue  was  made  up  of  four  equal  divisions,  running  through  four 
separate  alphabets.  To  mitigate  this  obvious  inconvenience  an  index 
to  the  whole  was  immediately  projected  by  Mr.  Shiells,  one  of  the 
assistant  librarians ;  but  this  was  not  completed  and  printed  until 
1837,  shortly  after  Mr.  Napier's  resignation.  This  index,  occupying 
282  pages  quarto  in  double  columns,  though  primarily  occasioned  by 
the  accident  of  the  quadruple  form  of  the  general  catalogue,  was,  in 
fact,  an  elaborate  subject-index  on  a  scale  seldom  before  attempted, 
and  it  proved  to  be  of  the  greatest  practical  value  long  after  the 
general  or  authors'  catalogue,  to  which  it  was  appended,  had  ceased 
to  be  in  common  use. 

No  new  catalogues  were  attempted  for  more  than  twenty  years. 
But  in  1849  the  society  authorised  a  grant  of  £150  a  year  towards 
the  expenses  of  preparing  and  printing  a  new  general  catalogue. 


■-/  ,■  1».- 


THE  LIBKAEY  Ixxxui 


This  was  completed  in  manuscript,  occupying  fifteen  folio  volumes, 
by  the  end  of  1855.  In  the  meanwhile  there  was  a  project  of 
printing  a  series  of  classified  catalogues  of  the  libraiy  in  sections. 
Mr,  William  Ivory,  W.S.,  undertook  the  department  of  law,  Mr. 
Andrew  Murray,  W.S.,  was  to  compile  a  catalogue  of  the  works  on 
natural  history  and  science,  and  Mr.  Laing  was  himself  engaged 
upon  the  class  of  British  antiquities  and  topography.  Mr.  Ivory's 
labours  alone  issued  in  a  successful  result.  On  his  recommendation 
the  collection  of  civil  law  and  foreign  jurisprudence  was  very  much 
enlarged,  and  his  classified  catalogue,  enriched  with  historical  and 
critical  notes,  was  fairly  adjudged  to  be  the  best  arranged  law 
catalogue  then  in  existence.  It  was  now  resolved  to  print  the 
general  or  authors'  catalogue.  The  first  sheets  were  sent  to  the 
press  in  1865,  and  the  first  volume  (A — L)  was  completed  and 
circulated  in  1871.  Before  the  printing  of  the  second  volume  had 
advanced  further  than  the  letter  N,  Mr.  Laing  died,  October 
18,  1878. 

The  present  librarian,  Mr.  Thomas  Graves  Law  was  elected  Mr.  T.  G.  Law, 
March  24,  1879.  The  curators  took  the  opportunity  of  his  appoint-  "^'■*"^"- 
ment  to  reaffirm  the  prmciple  laid  down  in  1853,  that  "the  funds 
of  the  society  should  be  applied  to  procuring  such  books  as  are 
absolutely  necessary  for  a  public  library,  such  as  systematic  treatises 
useful  for  reference  and  consultation,  and  particularly  those  books  on 
history,  philosophy,  the  arts  and  sciences,  of  an  expensive  descrip- 
tion, which  are  not  generally  to  be  found  in  private  libraries." 
Instructions  were  also  given  to  the  librarian  that  the  blanks  which 
had  occurred  in  these  departments,  owing  to  the  recent  limitation  of 
the  funds,  should  be  gradually  and  systematically  filled  up. 

Over  1800  volumes  lying  unbound  were  sent  to  the  binder. 
The  general  catalogue  was  then  proceeded  with.  The  second  volume, 
with  a  supplement,  was  issued  early  in  1883.  Meanwhile,  an  in- 
ventory or  shelf  list  was  taken  of  all  the  books  as  they  stood  in 
their  presses,  and  a  slip  catalogue  made  of  a  collection  of  20,000 


Ixxxiv        THE  SOCIETY  OF  WRITERS  TO  THE  SIGNET 

pamphlets,  which,  on  Mr.  Laiiig's  plan,  had  not  been  entered  in  the 
general  catalogue ;  and  finally,  a  subject-index  was  compiled  on  the 
lines  of  Mr.  Shiells'  index  of  1837.  This  index  is  now  passing 
through  the  press,  and  when  issued  will  be  accompanied  by  a  second 
supplement  containing  the  accessions  to  the  library  since  1882. 
Comparative  The  library  which  has  thus  grown  up  out  of  the  resolution  of 

signet  library,  the  Society  in  1778,  and  which  now  takes  rank  with  the  chief  public 
libraries  of  the  United  Kingdom,  is  yet  essentially  a  private  library. 
It  is  spoken  of  as  a  public  library,  only  inasmuch  as  the  society  has 
at  all  times  offered  to  strangers  every  reasonable  access  to  its 
treasures.  A  view  of  its  relation  to  other  institutions  of  the  kind 
may  therefore  be  of  interest.  In  Scotland  it  is  surpassed  in  size 
and  value  by  only  five  libraries,  viz.,  those  of  the  faculty  of 
advocates  and  the  four  universities.  These  ancient  fovmdations 
have  had  the  privilege  and  advantage  derived  from  the  copy- 
right act,  which  entitled  them  to  receive  without  payment  copies  of 
every  book  entered  at  Stationers' -hall ;  and  the  universities  which 
no  longer  possess  this  right  have  had  it  commuted  for  an  annual 
grant  of  money  from  the  public  funds.  The  signet  library,  again, 
is  outnumbered  in  volumes  by,  perhaps,  a  dozen  libraries  in  London, 
by  two  in  Cambridge,  by  the  Bodleian  in  Oxford,  and  by  Trinity 
CoUege  library  in  Dublin.  But  outside  of  London  and  the  imi- 
versities,  it  is  surpassed  only  by  the  new  free  libraries,  supported  by 
the  rates,  in  such  large  towns  as  Liverpool,  Manchester,  Birmingham, 
Leeds,  and  possibly  Sheffield  and  Salford.  But,  on  the  other  hand, 
the  signet  library,  although  it  has  had  from  time  to  time  some  valu- 
able gifts  from  authors,  editors,  or  private  friends,  has  never  received 
a  single  grant  of  money  or  books  from  public  sources.  It  possesses 
no  endowment.  It  has  been  raised  from  first  to  last  without  any 
extraneous  aid,  by  the  annual  income  of  the  society,  the  fees  of 
intrants,  and  the  contributions  of  members.  It  may  be  safely  said 
that  no  other  professional  community — whether  legal,  medical,  or 
ecclesiastical — no  scientific  academy  or  society,  in  the  whole  of  the 


THE  LIBEARY  bcxxv 

United   Kingdom    can   point  to  a  collection   of  equal   dimensions 
foimed  by  similar  means. 

The  story  of  the  library  thus  far  may  be  said  to  end,  as  it  began, 
with  the  struggles  of  its  curators  to  provide  room  for  its  healthy  and 
inevitable  growth.  A  library  which  ceases  to  grow  soon  becomes  a 
collection  of  curiosities,  interesting  mainly  to  the  antiquary.  Old 
books  are  useful  and  profitable  in  proportion  as  they  can  be  brought 
into  contact  with  the  newest  and  freshest.  During  the  last  ten 
years  room  has  had  to  be  found  for  as  many  thousands  of  volumes, 
while  vacant  corners  and  cellars  in  the  basement,  for  lack  of  better 
accommodation,  have  been  fitted  up  with  shelves  for  their  recep- 
tion. But,  as  the  laudable  ambition  and  enterprise  which  have 
founded  and  enriched  the  collection  show  no  sign  of  abatement,  the 
signet  library  has  yet  a  promising  future,  and  this  brief  sketch 
tells  but  the  first  chapter  of  its  history. 


CHAPTER  III. 

THE     FINANCES. 

The  materials  for  the  financial  history  of  the  society  before  the 
close  of  the  last  century  are  comparatively  meagre  and  intermittent. 
The  accounts  of  the  treasurers  of  a  date  earlier  than  1793  have  not 
been  preserved,  and  prior  to  that  time  the  facts  have  to  be  gathered 
from  information  incidentally  supplied  in  the  minutes. 

Sources  of  For  more  than  a  hundred  years  after  the  commencement  of  the 

existing  minutes  (1594),  the  society  possessed  neither  library  nor 
house ;  and  the  calls  upon  its  funds  appear  to  have  been  almost 
exclusively  in  aid  of  indigent  and  infirm  members,  or  the  widows  of 
members.     A  main  source  of  the  income  of  those  days  arose  from 

Fines.  the  fines  levied  upon  members  for  transgressions  of  the  rules  of  the 

brotherhood.  Some  of  these  fines  have  been  already  referred  to  in 
the  first  chapter.^  Thus,  a  fine  of  forty  shillings  was  exacted  from 
all  members  who  neglected  to  attend  meetings  of  the  society  when 
called  upon  to  do  so  by  the  officer,  and  the  money  in  this  case,  as 
in  other  instances,  is  expressly  set  apart  ad  pios  usus.^  There  was 
a  fine  of  ten  shillings  imposed,  in  January  1606,  for  not  delivering 
"  ane  copie  of  their  servandis  and  prenteis  hand  writtis."  The  sum 
of  five  pounds  was  to  be  paid  by  any  writer  found  drinking  in  taverns 
in  time  of  session.  It  was  in  1647  that  the  noteworthy  rule  was 
made,  imposing  a  fine  of  12s.  upon  any  writer  who  should  absent 
himself  from  the  burial  of  another  member,  his  wife  or  children. 
In  1610  George  Mak  was  appointed  to  pass  through  the  brethren's 
booths  "  and  tak  tryall  quhat  enormities  and  contraventionis  are 
committed  against  the  actis,  and  to  report  monthly,  under  the  pain 
of  40s.  each  month." 

'  Supra,  p.  xxiv.      '  Abstract  of  minutes,  jj{/V«,  p.  230 ;  compare  pp.  244,  247,  254,  270,  277. 


THE  FINANCES  Ixxxvii 

Other  sums  were  derived  from  the  dues  paid  by  apprentices  and  Dues  of  appren- 
intrants.  These  payments  varied  in  amount  from  time  to  time."  intrants. 
On  23d  June  1628  John  Tais  was  bound  for  three  years  and  paid 
"  an  angeL"  There  are  entries  of  payments  for  apprentices  of  £3  :  6  :  8 
each,  in  the  same  year;  and  of  ten  merks  in  1642,  1649,  and  1658. 
In  1656  it  was  resolved  that  each  writer  should  on  his  admission 
pay  ten  merks.  This  sum  was  in  the  following  year  raised  to  twenty 
merks,  and  in  1671  each  intrant  had  to  pay  "fourtie  merks  Scots 
money  to  the  poores  box  and  twentie  merks  to  the  clerk." 

It  is  obvious  that  the  sums  accumulated  from  such  sources  at 
this  period  can  never  have  been  large.  In  1594,  as  we  have 
already  seen,^  the  number  of  members  was  expressly  restricted 
to  24 ;  and  half  a  century  later,  during  the  Protectorate,  it  was 
similarly  limited  to  36.  After  that  date,  indeed,  as  the  keeper 
in  a  memorial  addressed  to  the  secretaries  of  state,  complained,  the 
society  increased  "immoderately,"  so  that  in  1731  their  number 
had  reached  110  ;  but  the  increase  was  "to  the  great  loss  of  the 
whole  body,  for  half  the  members  could  not  possibly  live  upon  their 
incomes,  and  hence  a  larger  proportion  of  aged  and  infirm  brethren 
was  brought  to  depend  upon  the  society's  funds  for  maintenance."  * 

The  "  poores  box  "  above  mentioned  is  frequently  referred  to  in  Box  for  funds, 
the  minutes,  and  was  treated  with  some  formality.  This  box  was  in 
the  hands  of  the  clerk,  and  was  used  for  keeping  the  funds  as  well 
as  the  securities  for  money  lent,  at  least  up  to  1692.  Thus,  on  the 
3d  December  1616,*  the  application  of  Andro  Hamilton  "for  some 
help  and  supplie  to  his  grite  necessitie,  and  as  he  that  sumtyme  had 
servit  sum  of  the  brethren,"  was  read  and  considered,  and  the  whole 
brethren  voted  twenty  pounds  "  out  of  certane  money  that  wes  in 
ane  box  of  tymmer  of  thairs  in  the  handis  of  Thomas  M'Aulay 
thair  clerk,  upon  condition  that  the  said  Andrew  should  not 
trouble  the  members  with  "  ony  forder  sute  in  tyme  cuming "  ; 

1  Infra,  pp.  246,  252,  253,  256,  269,  272,  277,  281.  313,  329,  330,  334,  366,  370. 

2  Suyra,  p.  xxii.  >  Infra,  pp.  289-392.  *  Infra,  p.  250. 


Ixxxviii    THE  SOCIETY  OF  WRITERS  TO  THE  SIGNET 


Appointment  of 
a  treasurer. 


Auditors. 


and  upon  a  similar  application  made  in  August  1618  by  Mr. 
Adam  Hall,  who  had  been  some  time  "  ane  advocat  and  sua  ane 
brother,"  the  Commissioners  agreed  to  give  him  £20,  "  as  the 
rest  of  sum  money  in  ane  tymmer  box."  In  1627  there  was 
apparently  need  of  another  box,  for  on  the  24th  December  in  that 
year  it  was  agreed  "to  have  a  box  for  the  fines  and  unlaws  "with 
two  keys,  one  to  be  held  by  the  keeper  of  the  register  and  the 
other  by  Robert  Alschinder,  keeper  of  the  signet ; "  and  in  June 
following  there  is  record  of  "20  merks  debursit  for  making  of 
the  box."  On  the  same  day,  in  presence  of  the  commissioners 
the  "  unlaws "  of  George  Haliburton,  Robert  Wallace,  and  David 
Crichton,  amounting  to  £9,  16s.,  were  put  in  the  box. 

It  was  not  until  1656  that  a  treasurer  was  annually  appointed 
"  for  keeping  the  box  and  employing  the  money  on  sufficient  security 
in  his  own  name  for  the  weill  of  the  body."  The  president  now 
held  one  key,  and  the  treasurer  the  other  ;  while  the  box  was  to  be 
opened  and  the  money  employed  only  by  the  advice  of  the  conunis- 
sioners.  The  treasurer  soon  needed  yet  another  box,  and  one  of  a 
more  expensive  character,  for  he  reports  in  1667  that  he  "  had  bocht 
ane  box  with  locks  and  bands  for  the  use  of  the  calhng  at  the  sight 
of  the  keeper  of  his  majesties  signet,  and  that  he  had  payde 
therefoire  fourtie-two  pounds  two  shillings."  ' 

Committees  were  from  time  to  time  appointed  as  auditors  to 
"  sicht  the  box,"  or  to  "  take  tryall  of  the  box  and  conditions  thairof 
and  bandis  and  assignatiounis  thairin  contenit,  and  to  report  to 
the  bretherne."  One  such  committee  reports  (January  9,  1647) 
that  it  finds,  with  various  securities,  an  assignation  by  the  late 
Thomas  M'Awlay  to  the  brethren  of  a  bond  of  1000  merks  granted 
to  him  by  the  laird  of  Kilspindie,  "bot  findis  not  the  bande." 
They  find  other  assignations,  one  of  500  merks  and  another  of 
350,  but  in  each  case  "  missis  the  band."      The  bonds,  however, 


1  This  is  probably  the  box  which  is  still  pre- 
served in  the  library,  and  which  is  figured 
«i,t  the  end  of  this    section.      In  an  abstract 


of  accounts  there  appears   an   entry,    "  Old 
boxes  sold,  £9,  2s.  6d," 


TaKDT-:?   WR"     THE   FINANCES  Ixxxix 

were  ultimately  recovered.  The  committee  find  no  money  in 
the  box  save  two  new  dollars  and  some  notes,  whereof  £89  Scots 
are  bestowed  "  on  pious  uses." 

On  April  30th,  1683,  a  repoi't  upon  James  Allan's  accounts 
shows  charge  and  ready  money  £738, 13s.  4d,  discharge  £725,  6s.  8d. ; 
"the  balance  due  by  the  compter  £13,  6s.  8d."  On  March  14th, 
1688,  the  auditors  find  that  there  is  due  to  the  society,  of  good 
debts  £6231,  17s.  2d.  (Scots),  and  of  bad  debts  £1614,  5s.  The 
yearly  pension  to  the  poor,  servants'  fees,  and  occasional  charitable 
supplies,  are  stated  at  £677. 

In  August  1695  the  society  took  an  important  step  which  marks  Acquisition  of 
a  new  departure  in  its  financial  as  well  as  in  its  social  history.  The  *'^^*  °®°^' 
increase  in  the  number  of  pensioners  required  an  augmentation  of 
the  funds  for  their  relief.  A  previous  act  exacting  payment  from 
members  of  £3  annually  for  this  purpose  had  proved  for  the  most 
part  ineffectual.  It  was  now  proposed  that  the  society  should  pur- 
chase a  house  to  serve  as  signet  office  and  place  of  meeting.  The 
price  of  this  house  was  to  be  contributed  "out  of  the  wryters  their 
own  private  pockets"  and  every  writer  was  to  give  at  least  100 
merks  in  lieu  of  the  aforesaid  annual  subscription  of  £3  ;  or,  other- 
wise he  and  his  posterity  were  to  be  "  for  ever  excluded  the  benefite 
of  the  poore  box,  except  such  as  shall  be  excused  by  the  body  of  the 
writers ;  and  in  case  this  sum  should  fall  short  of  the  price  of  the 
house,  the  present  stock  of  the  poor  be  made  use  of  to  supply  what 
shall  be  wanting."  The  annual  rent  of  the  house  was  to  be  paid 
into  the  poor's  fund.     There  was  said  to  be  a  building  "by  Robert  i 

Milne  of  Alexander  Crombie's  land,"  where  a  convenient  house  of 
the  kind  might  be  secured,  and  it  was  agreed  to  convene  a  general 
meeting  the  next  day  in  the  parliament  house  to  consider  the  motion. 

Accordingly,  on  August  15th,  1695,  a  committee  was  appointed 
to  meet  with  Robert  Mylne  and  Patrick  Steele,  to  treat  with  them 
anent  the  purchase  of  the  house.  Finally  the  house  in  question  was 
acquired  for  the  sum  of  5500  merks  ;  and  the  keeper,  commissioners, 

111 


xc 


THE  SOCIETY  OF  WEITEKS  TO  THE  SIGNET 


Grants  of 
pensions. 


Library  fund. 


and  writers  approving  of  the  transaction  {June  1696),  appoint  the 
contributions  to  be  paid  to  the  treasurer  before  Candlemas  next, 
and  determine^ that  those  who  do  not  contribute  shall  continue  to 
pay  the  previous  tax  of  £3  annually  and  have  their  letters  stopped 
vuitil  their  bygone  dues  are  paid.  The  commissioners  now  let  to 
the  keeper  this  same  "lodging  with  its  cellars  and  garrets"  for  the 
current  year  at  300  merks,  seeing  that  the  house  is  not  fully 
furnished,  and  for  subsequent  years  at  a  rent  of  £20  sterling.  In 
the  same  year  (1696)  John  M'Farlane,  the  treasurer,  reports  that 
the  stock  belonging  to  the  calling  extends  to  "about  twelve 
thousand  merks  or  thereby,  by  and  attour  the  pryce  of  the  lodgings 
lately  bought  by  them." 

In  1706  the  pensions  granted  by  the  society  are  stated  at  £699 
(omitting  shillings  and  pence).  In  1711  the  treasurer  is  ordered  to 
pay  "the  new  establishment  of  pensions,"  £943.  The  distribution 
to  the  poor  in  1738  is  set  down  at  £850  ;  in  1742  at  £950  ;  in  1744 
at  £1416  ;  in  the  following  year  at  £1404;  whUe  in  1746  it  had 
fallen  to  £1176  Scots.  On  27th  December  1759  it  was  agreed  to 
augment  the  pensions  to  widows  to  £12  sterling  each,  and  on  8th 
March  1765  they  were  advanced  to  £20  sterling  ;  but  it  does  not 
appear  how  many  widows  were  then  on  the  roll. 

While,  however,  the  funds  of  the  society  were  hitherto  mainly 
devoted  to  the  relief  of  poor  members  and  their  families,  means 
had  been  found  to  contribute  largely,  as  has  been  stated,^  to  other 
benevolent  and  patriotic  objects. 

Meanwhile,  a  new  and  heavy  demand  upon  the  resources  of  the 
society  arose  from  the  establishment  of  the  library,  of  which  an 
account  is  given  in  the  preceding  chapter.  It  was  soon  found 
necessary  to  institute  a  separate  library  fund,  supported  mainly  by 
payments  exacted  from  apprentices  and  intrants.  The  entrance  fee 
of  writers  had  in  1736  been  fixed  at  500  merks.  In  1755  it  was 
resolved  that  each  intrant  should  pay  three  guineas  towards  the 


liv,  Iv,  Ivi. 


THE   FINANCES  xci 

purchase  of  books,  and  in  1769  this  tax  was  raised  to  £20  sterHng. 
In  1779  apprentices  paid  £5  to  the  library  in  part  payment  of  the 
£10  to  be  paid  by  intrants. 

The  end  of  the  eighteenth  century  found  the  society  still  occu- 
pymg  a  comparatively  small  house  (notwithstanding  sundry  addi- 
tions made  to  the  original  lodging  acquired  in  1696),  and  possessmg 
a  library  of  little  more  than  3000  volumes,  in  Writers'  Court.  The 
funds  of  the  society  had,  however,  considerably  increased,  and  from 
1792  we  have  full  information  regai'ding  its  financial  transactions 
in  the  occasional  abstracts  and  reports  printed  by  order.* 

For  example,  we  find  that  in  this  year  1792  the  society  possessed  Fuuda  in  1792. 
from  the  poor's  fund  an  income  of  £825.     Thus  : 
Money  lent  on  securities  to  the  amount  of 

£9921  bore  as  interest,     ....  £494  14     8 

An    annuity   payable    by  the    trustees    of 

John  Strachan  of  Craigcrook,"  .         .         .  5   110 
The  rent  of  the  signet  office,         .         .         .               20     0     0 
Rent  of  a  house  in  Gavin!  och's  land  belong- 
ing to  the  society, 14     0     0 

Carryforward,         £534     5     8 

'  They  will  be  found  in  the  collection  of  signet  Report  of  committee  on  the   funds  of  the 

papers  formed  by  sir  Henry  Jardine  and  others,  society  (1830),  with  appendix  on  the  state  of 

and  now  preserved  in  the  library.    See  : —  the  income  and  expenditure  of  the  general  fund. 

Abstract  of  funds  of  the  society  of  writers  to  1823-1829  (Jardine,  iv.). 
the  signet,  for  ten  years  from  1st  January  1792  to  Abstract  of  accounts,  December  1829-Deoem- 

1st  January  1802  (Jardine's  Collection,  vol.  i.).  ber  1833  (Jardine,  iv.). 

Report  from  the  committee  respecting  the         r      ^  of  the  committee  on  funds,  21st  Jan- 
new  hall  and  hbrary,  24th  November  1815.  jgae  (Jardine,  iv.). 

Supplementary  report,  5th   December  1815  „        ^       i,     .      ,      r  ^i  •  ^        j    t ... 

(Jardine  vol  ii  )  Report  on  the  funds  of  the  society  and  of  the 

Report  of  ihe  committee  on  the  new  hall  and  "°"*^i^*?"  *°  *^  '^'^'"'^'  ^"°'^'  •^'""'  "^'^ 

library,  1st  February  1816.  ^^  {3>^Tdme,  iV. ). 

Abstract  of  the  accounts  of  the  intromissions  Extract  from  minutes  of  the  meeting  of  the 

of  the  late  Richard  Hotchkiss,   ex-treasurer,  unitedcommittees  on  funds  and  the  library,  with 

etc.,  with  library  fund  of  the  society,  and  view  memorials  ■^^  queries  for  the  treasurer  of  the 

of  the  tangible  fund  of  the  library,  1806-1826  society,  6th  February  1824  (folio  collection). 

(Jardine,  iii.).  Report  of  the  curators  of  the  library  and  corn- 
Abstract  of   accounts  of  the  intromissions  mittee  on  funds,  1857  (Reports,  8vo  collection). 

of   Richard    Mackenzie,   treasurer,    1826-1829 

(Jardine,  iii.).  »  See  supra,  p.  Iviii. 


xcii         THE  SOCIETY   OE   WRITEES   TO   THE  SIGNET 


Brought  forward, 
Dividends  from  Edinburgh  friendly  insur- 
ance company  on  the  society's  property, 
insured  on  the  old  plan,   .... 
Dues  from  eight  intrants  at  £27,  15s.  7d.,    . 
„         forty-foul-  indentures  at  £1, 
,,         eighteen   clerks   entered    at   the 
signet  office,  who  had  not  paid  before  as 
apprentices, 


The  Expenditure  included 
Salary  of  treasurer, 
„         liis  clerks, 
Society's  exti-actor, 
Officer, 
Hall-keeper, 
Fees  to  officers,    . 
Interest  to  Aberdour  hospital, 
Pension  to  three  brethren  at  £30, 
Three-fourths  of  another. 
Pensions  to  nine  widows  at  £25, . 
Allowance    to    families    and    relations    per 

warrant,  . 
Miscellaneous  articles, 


£534 

5 

8 

6 

19 

H 

222 

4 

8 

44 

0 

0 

18  0  0 

£825  9  8^ 

£5  0  0 

10  10  0 

15  0  0 

10  0  0 

4  0  0 

18  15  4 

20  0  0 

90  0  0 

22  10  0 

225  0  0 

414  0  0 

15  11  0 

£857  6  5 


The  amount  of  library  fund  at  same  date  was,  £1363,  2s.  3|d. 
The  Income  consisted  of — 

Dues  paid  by  eight  intrants  at  £5,      .         .  £40     0 

Dues  paid  by  forty-three  apprentices,  at  £10,  430     0 

Interest, 10  18 


0 
0 

H 


£480  18     li 


THE  FINANCES  if*  xciii 

The  discharge  consisted  of  cash  paid  for  books,  etc.,  £230,  8s.  5d. 

A  notable  event  in  connection  with  the  financial  history  of  the  The  new  library 
society  was  the  arrangement  made  in  1809  by  which  the  society  parii^ent" 
agreed  to  erect,  in  the  ParUament  Square,  the  present  lower  hall  Square. 
and  adjoining   apartments   on  the   same  floor,  for  the   estimated 
sum  of  £5000.     To  raise  the  money  it  was  resolved   to   sell  the 
old  tenement  (which  was  eventually  done  for  £1600)  and  to  borrow 
the  remainder  from  the  poor's  or  general  fund.     The  interest  of 
the  sum  so  borrowed  was  paid,  as  before  mentioned,  by  an  annual 
contribution  of  one  guinea  from  each  member.^ 

The  new  buildings  were  not  completed  tUl  1815,  when  the  actual 
expenditure  had  so  far  exceeded  the  estimated  cost  as  to  amount  to 
not  less  than  £12,000. 

A  committee  appointed  to  consider  the  state  of  the  finances 
reported,  in  November  1815,  that  the  existing  revenue  applicable 
to  the  support  of  the  library  at  this  time  arose  from  the  £20  fee 
paid  by  apprentices,  from  the  annual  tax  of  a  guinea  which  gave 
£300,  and  from  the  tax  on  precepts  passing  the  signet,^  which 
averaged  £60.  The  apprentice  sum  payable  was  now  raised  from 
£20  to  £50.  There  had  been  on  an  average,  during  the  preceding 
six  years,  forty -five  apprentices  admitted  annually.  The  committee, 
assuming  that  there  would  be  at  least  forty  in  futxire  years,  set 
down  £2000  a  year  as  a  moderate  estimate  of  the  income  to  be 
expected  from  this  source  alone.  The  expenditure  upon  books  had 
been   in    1809,    £450,   and   in    1814,   £682.     It   was  hoped    that 

1  See  supra,  p.  Ixxiv.  vocation,  and  five  shillings  upon  each  signature 

'  The  first  recorded  instance  in  the  minutes  passing  the  signet."    But  as  the  buUding  con- 

of  the  society  exercising  the  right  of  levying  templated  was  not  proceeded  with,  probably  the 

extra  dues  or  taxes  on  letters  passing  the  signet  tax  at  the  signet  was  not  levied.     In  the  "  act 

was  on  12th  February  1753,  in  reference  to  a  anent  the  future  management  of  the  society's 

proposal  to  erect  offices  for  the  custom  house  stock,  16th  January  1744  "  {Jardi7ie  Papers, 

and  clerks  of  session,  in  which  the  society  was  vol.  i.),  the  keeper  and  commissioners  state  that 

to  have  a  hall  rent  free.     It  was  unanimously  "  a  considerable  part  of  the  present  public  stock 

agreed  to  contribute  500  guineas  towards  the  and  fund  have  arisen  from  a  voluntary  tax  im- 

expense  and  to  raise  the  amount  "by  a  tax  posed  by  a  general  meeting  of  the  whole  body 

at  the  signet  of  one  penny  sterling  upon  each  on  letters  and  others  passing  the  signet,  which 

homing,  sixpence  upon  each  suspension  or  ad-  tax  still  subsists." 


XCIV 


THE  SOCIETY  OF  WEITERS  TO  THE  SIGNET 


Financial 
difficulties. 


Further 
difficulties. 


the  increased  revenues  would  admit  of  an  additional  expenditure 
of  £300. 

Before,  however,  many  years  had  passed  the  society  found  itself 
in  the  presence  of  serious  difficulties.  The  pressure  upon  both  the 
poor's  fund  and  the  library  fund  was  more  than  these  could  well 
support.  The  act  of  parliament,  instituting  the  widows'  scheme, 
required  payment  from  the  society  of  the  sum  of  one  pound 
for  each  contributor  to  the  scheme.  This  annual  charge  in  1804 
amoTuited  to  £200,  but  in  1829  it  had  risen  to  £581,  whUe  the  total 
amount  paid  from  the  commencement  to  1830  was  £9000.  More- 
over, notwithstanding  these  contributions  to  the  widows'  fund, 
large  sums  continued  to  be  awarded  by  the  society  to  deserving 
works  of  charity  both  within  and  without  the  brotherhood.  Thus 
in  the  six  years  from  1806  to  1813,  while  the  annual  contribution  to 
the  widows'  scheme  amounted  to  £1715,  the  pensions  granted 
reached  a  total  of  £1698,  and  gratuities  awarded  by  warrants  of 
the  committee  reached  a  further  sum  of  £1336.  Yet  in  1812  the 
society  gave  £200  towards  the  charity  workhouse,  and  in  1824  the 
sum  of  £273  to  the  rehef  of  sufferers  from  the  fire  which  took  place  in 
the  Parliament  Square  on  November  16th  of  that  year.  In  1832  an- 
other sum  of  £315  was  contributed  towards  the  charity  workhouse. 

On  the  other  hand,  with  regard  to  the  library  fund,  the  mcrease 
of  books  involved  increase  of  accommodation,  and  in  1828  it  was 
agreed  to  purchase  from  the  faculty  of  advocates  the  upper  hall 
for  the  sum  of  £12,000.^  Necessary  alterations  in  the  staircase  and 
in  the  area  of  the  buildings  about  the  same  time  brought  up  the 
total  to  £14,616.  In  addition  to  this  large  expenditure  there  fell 
upon  the  society  in  1834  a  loss  of  £1545  by  a  failure  of  bankers. 

It  should  be  mentioned  that  meanwhile  the  interest  due  from 
the  library  to  the  poor's  fund  was,  in  1824,  £548,  7s.  Id.  The 
number  of  members  liable  to  the  annual  subscription  of  a  guinea 
towards  its  payment  was  443,  and  this  left  the  debt  £80  in  excess 

'  See  supra,  p.  Ixxvi. 


T;r"if;;  THE   FINANCES  xcv 

of  the  contribution.  Another  change  was,  in  consequence,  made  in 
the  mode  of  raising  the  requisite  sum.  Intrants  henceforth  were  to 
pay  on  admission,  in  lieu  of  the  annual  guinea,  £10,  and  apprentices 
£10  on  entering  into  indenture,  while  existing  members  liable  to 
the  tax  were  invited  to  commute  it  for  £5,  5s. 

Before  matters  had  come  to  the  worst,  a  special  committee.  Recommendation 
in  1830,  had  recommended  an  addition  of  £30  to  be  made  to  the  fee  I'.fnds""'"*^  "" 
of  apprentices,  and  £22,  4s.  5d.  be  added  to  the  payments  made  by 
intrants.  These  augmentations,  which  were  approved  by  the  society, 
brought  the  total  of  dues  payable  by  intrants  to  £60,  at  which  they 
still  remain.  The  dues  from  apprentices  were  once  more  raised  in 
1842,  when  they  became  what  they  now  are,  £131,  Is.  The  com- 
mittee of  1830  calculated  that  the  additions  recommended  by  them 
"  would  yield  a  total  increase  in  the  annual  income  of  the  society  of 
£1133,  8s.,  and  that  there  would  be  an  annual  surplus  of  about 
£800."  The  committee  at  the  same  time  urged  the  amalgamation 
of  the  poor  and  library  funds,  the  separation  of  which  had  caused 
complication  and  inconvenience.  The  union  of  the  two  funds  was 
carried  out  in  1834. 

Nevertheless  the  sanguine  expectations  of  1830  were  not  realised. 
In  1835  the  ordinary  funds  were  unable  to  meet  the  demands  for 
the  annual  contribution  to  the  widows'  fund,  being  £672  ;  and,  as 
the  result  of  a  petition  from  the  collector  of  that  fund,  parliament 
(6  Will.  IV.  c.  22)  relieved  the  society  from  the  burden,  which  in 
another  form  was  placed  upon  the  apprentices.  There  was  still  no 
sufficient  revenue  independently  of  the  dues  from  apprentices  and 
intrants,  and  these  dues,  the  annual  total  of  which  had  always  been 
subject  to  embarrassing  fluctuations,  now  unfortunately  underwent 
for  a  series  of  years  a  considerable  diminution.  In  the  six  years  1824- 
1829  there  had  been  261  apprentices  indentured  and  219  intrants. 
In  the  six  years  from  1838  to  1843  there  were  on  the  other  hand  no 
more  than  58  new  apprentices  and  44  intrants.  In  the  ten  years  from 
1824  to  1833  the  receipts  from  their  dues  respectively  amounted  to 


xcvi         THE   SOCIETY   OF   WEITEES   TO   THE   SIGNET 


Increase  of 
intrants. 


Financial 
improvement. 


£41,522.  In  the  ten  years  from  1838  to  1847  they  had  dropped 
to  £15,269.  Finally,  in  the  three  years  1855-7,  there  was  an  excess 
of  expenditure  over  income  to  the  amount  of  £2320  ;  and  now,  once 
more  (1857)  a  special  committee  was  appointed  to  consider  and 
advise  upon  the  state  of  affairs.^  The  extreme  measure  of  cutting 
down  the  expenditure  on  books  to  £150  a  year  was  resorted  to  with 
reluctance,  and  on  all  sides  the  most  rigid  economy  was  practised. 
There  was  a  deficit  in  1859,  again  in  1860,  and  for  the  last  time  in 
1869,  when  an  outlay  of  £1455  was  considered  necessary  for  painting, 
repairs,  and  furniture;  but  with  these  exceptions,  from  1857  to  the 
present  time,  the  income  has  always  exceeded  the  expenditure. 

The  number  of  intrants  had  indeed  begun  to  increase  a  few 
years  before  1857.  The  cause  of  the  increase  was  perhaps  in  part 
the  falling  off  in  the  number  of  members,  which  in  1836  had  reached 
the  high  figure  of  707.  In  1844  it  had  fallen  to  662,  and  in  1858 
to  523.  In  1885  the  number  was  366.  The  recent  increase  in  the 
number  of  apprentices  and  intrants  is  remarkable.  For,  during 
the  years  from  1862  to  1874  there  were  168  apprentices  indentured 
and  118  intrants;  in  the  same  number  of  years,  from  1876  to  1888, 
there  were  301  apprentices  and  187  intrants.  Accordingly  the 
funds  of  the  society  showed  a  rapid  and  marked  improvement. 

On  I7th  November  1862  it  was  reported  that  the  whole  debts 
of  the  society  had  been  paid,  and  in  1868  the  sum  of  £1500  was  lent 
on  debenture.  In  1871  a  further  sum  of  £1000  was  invested,  while 
the  free  funds  were  £7468,  and  these  continued  to  increase,  until 
at  31st  December  1889  they  amounted  to  £44,886,  4s.  9d.  r»; 

In  this  last  year  the  income  derived  from  interests  and  divi- 
dends was  £1342,  9s.  lid.,  while  the  receipts  from  dues  of  intrants 
and  apprentices  were  £4585,  2s.  The  total  expenditure,  on  the 
other  hand,  including  £959,  19s.  3d.  for  books  and  binding,  was 
£4167,  10s.  7d. 


'  Report  of  the  curators  of  tbe  library  and  committee  on  fnnds,  1857,  8vo. 


^V<,J 


CHAPTER  IV. 
THE   WIDOWS'   FUND. 

The  idea  of  instituting  a  widows'  fund  for  the  society  of 
writers  to  the  signet  originated  in  1780.  Various  plans  for  the 
establishment  of  such  a  fund  were  then  suggested  by  the  Eev.  Dr. 
Alexander  Webster,  the  founder  of  the  ministers'  widows'  fund  of  the 
church  of  Scotland,  Mr.  William  Keith,  Mr.  William  Farquharson, 
and  Mr.  David  Russell,  accountants,  Edinburgh,  and  others. 

In  1780  life-assurance  was  but  little  known  in  Scotland,  the 
great  Scottish  insurance  offices,  which  have  since  proved  so  success- 
ful, not  having  been  instituted  until  early  in  this  century.  Hence, 
in  1780  it  was  difficult  to  obtain  anything  like  accurate  data  as 
to  rates  of  mortality,  etc.,  in  Scotland,  on  which  to  base  a  scheme  for 
such  an  institution  as  a  widows'  fund. 

The  church  of  Scotland's  ministers'  widows'  fund  had,  it  is 
true,  been  in  operation  since  1744,  but  the  data  which  its  experi- 
ence could  supply  were  insufficient  to  form  a  basis  on  which  to 
found  a  widows'  fund  for  this  society.  The  matter  was  there- 
fore, after  considerable  discussion  among  the  members,  allowed  for 
the  time  to  drop. 

The  agitation,  however,  caused  some  members  to  note  for  their 
own  information  particulars  as  to  the  annual  number  of  intrants  to 
the  society,  of  the  marriages  and  deaths  of  members,  of  the  number 
of  widows  left,  of  the  deaths  of  these  widows,  and  of  other  statistics 
regarding  the  society. 

In  1801,  the  proposal  for  a  widows'  fund  was  again  revived, 
principally  owing  to  Mr.  John  Campbell,  tertius,  W.S.,  who  took 
a  great  interest  in  the  matter,  and  who,  from  observations  concern- 
ing the  society,  collected  between  1781  and  1801,  as  well  as  from 

n 


xcviii      THE   SOCIETY   OF   WRITERS   TO   THE   SIGNET. 


January  1802. 


July  4,  1803, 
48  George  iii. 
chapter  107. 


the  information  afforded  by  the  "  Northampton  tables  "  of  mortality, 
which  had  then  been  recently  published,  and  from  the  experience 
of  the  ministers'  widows'  fund,  had  prepared  a  detailed  scheme 
for  the  establishment  of  a  widows'  fund  for  the  society  of  writers 
to  the  signet. 

The  subject  was  now  taken  up  seriously.  In  January  1802, 
Mr.  William  Keith,  who  had  been  consulted  in  1780,  and  his  partner, 
Mr.  Robert  WUson,  made  a  joint  report  on  Mr.  Campbell's  scheme, 
and  after  very  careful  consideration  it  was  finally  determined,  at 
a  meeting  of  the  society  held  on  7th  February  1803,  that  a  widows' 
fund  for  the  writers  to  the  signet  should  be  instituted,  and  the 
meeting  accordingly  authorised  the  deputy  keeper  of  the  signet  (Mr. 
Hugh  Warrender)  "  to  sign  a  petition  to  the  house  of  commons  for 
leave  to  bring  in  a  bill  for  the  establishment  of  a  widows'  scheme." 

The  promoters  of  the  scheme  forming  a  great  majority  of  the 
society,  soon  obtained  the  necessary  act  of  parliament,  "  for  raising 
and  securing  a  fund  for  making  provision  for  the  widows  of  the 
writers  to  his  majesty's  signet  in  Scotland." 

By  this  act  the  requisite  funds  for  the  scheme  were  to  be 
raised  as  follows  : — 

(1)  Members  were  to  pay  yearly  £6,  6s.  by  way  of  annual 

contribution  to  the  fund. 

(2)  A  marriage  tax  of  £10  was  to  be  levied  on  each  marriage 

of  original  contributors,  and  an  equalising  tax  of  £1,  10s. 
was  to  be  payable  for  each  year  that  the  age  of  the  con- 
tributor might  exceed  that  of  his  wife.  ,, . 

(3)  The  sum  of  £1   per  annum  for  each  contributor  was  to 

be  paid  to  the  widows'  fund  out  of  the  society's  common 
fund. 

(4)  A  tax  of  £20  was  to  be  paid  by  every  apprentice  entering 

into  indenture  with  a  writer  to  the  signet ;  and 

(5)  A  tax  of  £1,  Is.  was  to  be  paid  by  members  of  the  society 

for  every  clerk  they  enrolled  at  the  signet  oflfice. 


THE  WIDOWS'  FUND  xcix 

The  annuity  to  be  paid  to  widows  of  contributors  was  fixed 
at  £50  (no  annuity,  however,  was  to  be  paid  until  the  term  of 
Whitsunday  1807),  but  whenever  the  accumulated  funds  should 
amount  to  a  capital  of  £200  for  every  contributor  to  the  scheme, 
the  surplus  was  to  be  divided  among  the  widows  entitled  to 
annuities. 

The  adoption  of  the  act  by  the  then  existing  members  of  the 
society  was  optional;  but  of  the  295  members  194  acceded  to  the 
scheme,  and  became  contributors  to  its  funds.  Of  these  acceding 
members  115  were  mai-ried  men.  By  the  act  it  was  made  imperative 
on  future  members  to  contribute  to  the  fund. 

The  assumption  on  which  the  scheme  proceeded  was  that  a 
capital  of  £200  for  every  contributor  was  sufiicient  to  secure  an 
annuity  of  £50  to  each  of  the  maximum  number  of  widows  which 
could  come  on  the  fund — and  that  such  a  capital  sum  per  member 
would  be  many  years  in  accumulating.  It  was  found,  however, 
within  a  very  few  years  after  the  passing  of  the  act,  that  the  fimds 
were  accumulating  much  faster  than  had  been  anticipated,  and  they 
continued  so  to  increase  for  many  years. 

In  1817  it  became  apparent  that  the  fund  would  in  a  few 
years  amount  to  the  calculated  sum  of  £200  of  capital  for  each 
member.  Moreover,  as  the  clause  (section  12)  in  the  act,  which 
provided  for  the  surplus  beyond  that  amount  of  capital  being 
divided  among  the  annuitants,  would  then  come  into  operation, 
it  was  felt  that  a  complete  investigation  into  the  affairs  of  the 
fund  should  be  made,  and  the  actual  experience  of  the  fund 
compared  with  the  contingencies  which  had  been  calculated  for. 
Mr.  John  Campbell,  W.S.,  who,  as  already  mentioned,  was  one  of 
the  original  promoters  of  the  scheme,  again  gave  much  considera- 
tion to  the  afiairs  of  the  fund.  On  24th  November  1817  he  called 
the  attention  of  the  contributors  to  the  injury  which  might  be  done 
to  the  fimd  if  section  12  of  the  act  (the  clause  which  disposed  of 
surplus  above  a  capital  of  £200  per  member)  were  allowed  to  come 


0  THE  SOCIETY  OF  WRITEES   TO  THE  SIGNET. 

into  opei-ation.  A  committee  was  appointed  to  inquire  into  the 
the  matter,  and  Mr.  John  Scott  and  Mr.  William  Keith,  accountants 

March  9, 1818.  in  Edinburgh,  were  asked  to  report  on  Mr.  Campbell's  statement. 
These  inquiries  resulted  in  its  being  determined  to  obtain  an  amend- 
ment of  the  act  of  parliament.  •  '^ 

May  23, 1818.  In  the   following   May   the   act    58    George    iii.   cap.    74   was 


(1)  Repealing  the  clause  in  the  old  act  whereby  any  surplus 

over  a  capital  of  £200  per  contributor  was  to  be  paid 
to  the  annuitants  on  the  Fund. 

(2)  Abolishing  the  £1,  Is.  tax  on  clerks  enrolled  at  the  Signet 

Office. 

(3)  Providing  for  an  additional  payment   by   intrants   over 

twenty -four  years  of  age  of  a  sum  equal  to  half  the 
rates  and  interest  thereon  which  they  would  have  paid 
had  they  become  contributors  at  that  age,  and  half  the 
annual  interest  on  marriage  and  equalising  taxes  from 
the  date  of  marriage  when  the  intrant  was  already 
married. 

(4)  Providing  for  certain  increased  annuities  to  the  widows 

then  on  the  fund,  and  for  increasing  the  capital  of  the 
fund  towards  ensuring  permanency  to  the  scheme  for 
additional  amiuities. 

May  1823.  In   May  1823  Mr.  James  Scott   reported   that  the  fund  then 

amounted,  as  had  been  anticipated,  to  more  than  £200  for  each  of 
the  437  contributors  to  the  scheme ;  and,  accordingly,  in  terms  of 
the  last-mentioned  act,  the  annuities  were  increased,  as  at  Whit- 
sunday 1824,  to  £70  to  the  widows  who  had  been  on  the  fund  at 
the  passing  of  that  act,  and  £60  to  the  other  annuitants. 

October 31, 1828.  No  further  change  in  the  fund's  affairs  took  place  imtil  1828, 
when  it  was  determined  to  obtain  further  reports  from  skilled 
actuaries  as  to  the  position  of  the  fund,  and  these  were  accordingly 


THE  WIDOWS'   FUND  d 

obtained  from  Mr.  James  Cleghorn,  actuary  and  accountant,  Edin- 
burgh, and  Mr.  James  Scott,  accountant,  who  had  formerly  in- 
vestigated the  affairs  of  the  fund.  The  reports  of  these  gentlemen, 
and  the  experience  of  the  fund  since  its  institution,  suggested 
several  improvements  in  the  scheme  with  reference  to  both  its 
principles  and  the  mode  of  management  to  be  adopted  for  pro- 
tecting the  fund,  and  for  securing  adequate  annuities  to  the  widows, 
and  it  was  felt  that  a  new  act  of  parHament  was  requu'ed  to  place 
the  scheme  on  a  satisfactory  basis.  Nothing  definite,  however,  was 
done  towards  this  until   1830,  when  the   contributors  resolved   to  ''^^■ 

apply  for  a  new  act  of  parhament.  This  was  obtained  in  the 
following  year,  and  the  act  1  and  2  William  iv.  cap.  5,  with  the 
slight  modification  aftermentioned,  continues  to  regulate  the  affairs 
of  the  fund  at  the  present  day. 

The  act  of  1831,  while  repealing  the  prior  acts,  43  George  iii. 
cap.  107,  and  58  George  iii.  cap.  64,  was  practically  a  consolidation 
act,  and  varied  from  these  acts  only  in  the  following  financial 
enactments : — 

1.  Intrants  above  24  years  of  age,  when  becoming  contributors 
to  the  fund,  were  to  pay  the  full  rate  which  they  would  have  paid 
to  the  fund  had  they  become  contributors  at  that  age,  instead  of 
the  half  rate  formerly  exigible. 

2.  The  equaUsing  tax  payable  on  marriages  was  raised  from 
£1,  IDs.  for  each  year  the  contributor  was  older  than  his  wife,  to 
£3,  10s.  for  each  such  year  on  Jirst  marriages,  and  a  higher  rate, 
varying  according  to  the  age  of  the  contributor,  on  second  and  any 
subsequent  marriages. 

At  the  general  meeting  of  contributors  held  on  17th  June  June  n,  1835. 
1835,  the  collector  of  the  fund  reported  that  he  had  as  usual 
apphed  to  the  treasurer  for  payment  of  £672,  being  the  sum  due 
from  the  common  fund  of  the  society,  viz.,  £1,  for  each  of  the 
672  contributors  to  the  fund  at  Whitsunday  1835,  in  terms 
of  section   13   of  the  act   of   1   and  2  William  iv.    cap.   5,   when 


eU  THE  SOCIETY  OF  WKITEES  TO  THE  SIGNET 

the  treasurer  had  informed  him  that,  owing  to  the  annual  income 
of  the  common  fund  having  become  insufficient  to  defray  the 
necessary  annual  burdens  thereon,  he  could  not  pay  the  sum  due  to 

June  17, 1835.  the  widows'  fund  without  the  special  orders  of  the  society.  This 
led  to  a  committee  of  contributors  being  appointed  to  confer  with 
the  trustees  of  the  widows'  fund,  the  curators  of  the  library, 
and  the  society's  committee  on  funds,  and  to  report  to  the  con- 
ti'ibutors  what  in  the  circumstances  was  best  to  be  done.  The  inquiry 
resulted  in  a  petition  to  parliament,  craving   leave  to   bring  in  a 

March  7, 1836.     bill  to  amend  the  act  1  and  2  William  iv.  cap.  5. 

In  the  following  May  the  required  act  was  obtained  (6  Will.  iv. 
cap.  22),  by  which  the  fifteenth  clause  in  1  and  2  William  iv.  cap.  5, 
which  enacted  that  the  sum  of  £1  for  each  contributor  to  the  widows' 
fund  should  be  paid  to  that  fund  out  of  the  common  fund  of  the 
society,  was  repealed,  and  it  was  enacted  inter  alia  that — 

(1)  Apprentices    entering    in   future    into   indentures   with 

writers  to  the  signet  should  pay  a  tax  of  £30,  in 
addition  to  the  £20  payable  under  the  prior  act,  making 
the  apprentice  tax  in  all  £50  ;  and 

(2)  The    annuity  payable  to  the  widows    on   the  fund  was 

raised  to  £75  per  annum. 

The  act  1  and  2  William  iv.  cap.  5,  as  amended  by  the  act  6 
William  iv.  cap.  22,  now  regulates  the  affairs  of  the  fund,  under 
the  direction  of  the  trustees,  who  are  the  deputy  keeper  of  the 
signet  for  the  time  ex  officio,  and  six  members  of  the  society 
elected  by  the  contributors,  assisted  by  the  collector,  who  has 
hitherto  always  been  a  member  of  the  society,  and  who  is  annually 
elected  by  the  contributors.  The  office  of  trustee  is  honorary.  The 
collector  is  the  only  salaried  official,  he  having  the  practical  manage- 
ment of  the  fund,  including  the  collection  of  its  income  and  payment 
of  the  annuities  to  the  widows  of  deceased  contributors. 

Although  the  election  of  the  collector  is  annual,  the  office  has 
been  practically  ad  vitam  aut  culjjam,  for  although  the  fund  has 


THE  WIDOWS'   FUKD  ciii 

now  been  in  existence  for  eighty-six  years  there  have  only  been  five 
collectors,  viz : — 

Mr.  (afterwards)  sir  Adam  Ferguson,  from  1803  to  1806;  Mr. 
Francis  Napier,  from  1806  to  1818;  Mr.  James  Stuart,  from  1818 
to  1828  ;  Mr.  Walter  Cook,  from  1828  to  1861  ;  and  Mr.  John  Cook, 
who  has  held  the  office  since  1861. 

The  accumulated  funds  at  Whitsunday  1890  amounted  to 
£232,783,  6s.  7d. 

The  annual  contribution  payable  by  contributors  is  £6,  6s.  7d., 
whUe  the  annuity  to  widows  of  deceased  contributors  is  presently 
fixed  at  £80. 

The  maximum  number  of  annuitants  ever  on  the  fund  occurred 
at  Whitsunday  1882,  when  there  were  175  annuitants,  but  the  num- 
ber has  since  steadily  decreased,  and  was  140  at  Whitsunday  1890. 
The  maximum  number  of  contributors  was  reached  at  Whitsunday 
1840,  when  the  number  was  685.  The  minimum  number  of  con- 
tributors occurred  at  Whitsunday  1884,  when  it  was  368.  Since 
then  the  number  of  contributors  has  been  increasing,  and  at  Whit- 
sunday 1890  it  was  441, 

The  main  cause  of  the  prosperity  of  the  fund  at  first  was 
apparently  the  comparatively  low  rate  of  marriage  among  the 
contributors,  and  the  consequent  smaller  number  of  annuitants 
coming  on  the  fund.  On  the  other  hand,  the  members  have  not 
on  the  average  attained  their  expectation  of  life,  while  the  annui- 
tants have  considerably  exceeded  it. 

The  afiairs  of  the  fund  are  periodically  investigated  at  intervals 
of  seven  years,  in  terms  of  sections  33  and  34  of  the  act  1  and 
2  William  iv.  cap.  5,  and  the  results  of  these  investigations  are 
duly  reported  to  the  contributors  by  the  trustees,  who  conduct  the 
inquiry  with  the  assistance  of  an  actuary.  The  rate  of  annuity 
to  be  paid  to  widows  of  contributors  for  the  ensuing  period  of  seven 
years  is  raised  or  reduced  as  the  investigation  shows  to  be  expedient. 
The  amount  of  the  annuity  has  thus  varied  considerably  since  the 


oiy  THE  SOCIETY  OF  WEITERS  TO  THE  SIGNET 

commencement  of  the  fund.  It  began  at  £50  per  annum,  and  was 
from  time  to  time  increased,  till  in  1866  it  was  raised  to  £90  per 
annum,  at  which  rate  it  continued  till  1887,  when,  on  account  of  the 
low  I'ate  of  interest,  it  was  reduced  on  the  recommendation  of  the 
reporter  who  conducted  the  septennial  investigation  to  £80,  the 
present  rate. 

The  following  septennial  investigations  have  taken  place  since 
the  act  of  1831  :— 

In  1837  by  Mr.  James  Cleghorn,  accountant. 

In  1844  by  Mr.  Holmes  Ivory,  accountant. 

In  1851  by  Mr.  Holmes  Ivory,  accountant. 

In  1858  by  Mr.  Kenneth  Mackenzie,  C.A.,  F.F.A. 

In  1865  by  Mr.  Kenneth  Mackenzie,  C.A.,  F.F.A, 

In  1872  by  Mr.  Kenneth  Mackenzie,  C.A.,  F.F.A.,  and  Mr. 

William  Thomas  Thomson,  F.E.S.E. 
In  1879  by  Mr.  Adam  Gillies  Smith,  C.A. 
In  1886  by  Mr.  John  MacGregor  M'Candlish,  W.S.,  F.KS.E., 

F.F.A. 

A  table  is  annexed  showing  the  progress  of  the  fund  as  regards 
the  numbers  of  contributors  and  annuitants,  the  amount  of  the 
accumulated  funds,  etc.,  from  the  commencement  of  the  scheme  to 
Whitsunday  1890:— 


STATE  showing  some  particulars  as  to  the  progress  of  the  Widows 
Fund  from  Martinmas  1803  to  JVhit Sunday  1890  inclusive. 


Rate  of  Interest 

on  Heritable  Securities. 

Year. 

Contri- 
butors. 

Annui- 
tants. 

Annuity. 

Fund. 

Increase, 

Decrease. 

Whit- 
sunday. 

Martinmas. 

1803 

194 

0 

1        XT         k                "i 

No  Accounts. 

\ 

1804 
1805 
1806 

200 
203 
209 

0 

\    No  Annuity  pay- 
1      able  till  Whit- 
/■     Sunday  1807. 

No  Accounts. 
£7,822 
10,361 

£2,539 

... 

... 

1807 

216 

4 

) 

13,126 

2,765     i       ...       1       ... 

; 

1808 

224 

7 

£50     0    0 

15,981 

2,855 

... 

5 

5 

1809 

237 

9 

50     0     0 

19,153 

3,172 

5 

5 

1810 

243 

12 

50     0     0 

22,348 

3,195 

... 

5 

5 

1811 

252 

11 

50    0    0 

25,686 

3,338 

5 

5 

1812 

260 

12 

50    0     0 

29,638 

3,952 

... 

5 

5 

1813 

280 

18 

50     0     0 

33,309 

3,671 

... 

5 

5 

1814 

288 

20 

50     0     0 

36,981 

3,672 

5 

5 

1815 

297 

23 

50     0     0 

40,950 

3,969 

•  •  . 

5 

5 

1816 

310 

27 

50     0     0 

44,878 

3,928 

**. 

5 

5 

1817 

319 

28 

50     0     0 

49,142 

4,264 

5 

5 

1818 

342 

31 

f  £50,  £55,  £60  &  ) 
\              65     0     Of 

60,753 

11,611 

5 

5 

1819 

369 

32 

|£50,£55,  £60&) 
(              65     0     Of 

65,957 

5,204 

5 

5 

1820 

388 

34 

j  £50,  £55,  £60  &  1 
\             65     0     0  f 
/  £50,  £55,  £60  &  [ 
1              65     0     Oj 
/  £50,  £55,  £60  &  1 
)             65    0    0  f 
/  £50,  £55,  £60  &  1 
t              65     0    0  f 

70,792 

4,835 

5 

5 

1821 

406 

36 

76,009 

5,217 

5 

5 

1822 

432 

39 

81,869 

5,860 

... 

5 

5 

1823 

437 

41 

88,128 

6,259 

4J 

H 

1824 

459 

44 

60  &  70     0     0 

94,029 

5,901 

4^ 

4 

1825 

490 

48 

60&70    0    0 

99,006 

4,977 

4 

4 

1826 

514 

52 

60  &  70    0    0 

104,660 

5,654 

4 

5 

1827 

525 

56 

60&70    0    0 

111,230 

6,570 

.  •  . 

5 

5 

1828 

560 

58 

60  &  70    0    0 

117,559 

6,329 

.  .• 

5 

4i 

1829 

583 

59 

60&70    0    0 

125,419 

7,860 

..  . 

4J 

4 

1830 

629 

59 

60  &  70    0     0 

132,533 

7,114 

4 

4 

1831 

635 

66 

70    0    0 

137,387 

4,854 

3i 

3^,4 

1832 

640 

68 

70    0    0 

144,797 

7,410 

4 

4 

1833 

646 

70 

70    0    0 

151,878 

7,081 

... 

4 

4 

1834 

666 

67 

70    0    0 

158,712 

6,834 

4 

3J 

1835 

672 

71 

70    0    0 

164,564 

5,852 

Z}f 

3J 

1836 

685 

70 

70    0    0 

171,411 

6,847 

3i 

3i 

1837 

672 

73 

75     0    0 

176,663 

5,252 

3| 

3J 

1838 

684 

80 

75    0    0 

183,342 

6,679 

3i 

3^ 

1839 

683 

81 

75    0    0 

189,277 

5,935 

.     • 

4 

4 

1840 

685 

81 

75     0    0 

195,829 

6,552 

•  •  t 

3J 

3i 

1841 

680 

83 

75     0    0 

201,647 

5,818 

... 

4 

4 

1842 

668 

92 

75    0    0 

207,568 

5,921 

.  .  * 

4 

4 

1843 

654 

93 

75    0    0 

213,342 

5,774 

... 

4 

4 

.52     *«  «8 
J5  a  S  b 

^     J. 2 


STATE  showing  some  particulars  as  to  the  progress  of  the  Widows 
Fund  from  Martinmas  1803  to  Whitsunday  1890  inclusive — continued. 


Rate  of  Interest 

on  Heritable  Securities. 

Year. 

Contri- 
butors. 

Annui- 
tants. 

Annuity, 

Fund. 

Increase. 

Decrease. 

Whit- 
sunday. 

Martinmas. 

1844 

648 

96 

£75  0 

0 

£217,583 

£4,241 

4 

3| 

1845 

637 

99 

78  15 

0 

221,708 

4,125 

■  •  ■ 

3i 

3| 

1846 

634 

96 

78  15 

0 

226,239 

4,531 

3| 

H 

1847 

624 

101 

78  15 

0 

231,643 

5,404 

3| 

4 

1848 

620 

104 

78  15 

0 

237,924 

6,281 

4 

4 

1849 

615 

109 

78  15 

0 

245,767 

7,843 

5 

5 

1850 

599 

118 

78  15 

0 

250,927 

5,160 

... 

5 

^ 

1851 

589 

123 

78  15 

0 

254,681 

3,754 

4 

H 

1852 

580 

128 

85  0 

0 

256,838 

2,157 

,  .  . 

3i 

3| 

1853 

567 

125 

85  0 

0 

258,365 

1,527 

3| 

H 

1854 

557 

132 

85  0 

0 

260,136 

1,771 

3i 

H 

1855 

544 

134 

85  0 

0 

263,313 

3,177 

3| 

4 

1856 

534 

136 

85  0 

0 

265,693 

2,380 

•  •  * 

4 

4 

1857 

532 

141 

85  0 

0 

267,812 

2,119 

4 

4 

1858 

516 

147 

85  0 

0 

268,972 

1,160 

4 

4 

1859 

506 

155 

85  0 

0 

269,264 

292 

4 

4 

1860 

504 

155 

85  0 

0 

269,411 

147 

•  .  . 

4 

4 

1861 

508 

157 

85  0 

0 

268,987 

•  •  • 

£424 

3^ 

H 

1862 

498 

158 

85  0 

0 

265,644 

97 

3 

4 

1863 

501 

152 

85  0 

0 

266,811 

1,167 

t  .  . 

4 

4 

1864 

488 

149 

85  0 

0 

266,178 

•  •  • 

633 

4 

4 

1865 

479 

150 

85  0 

0 

267,691 

1,513 

4 

4 

1866 

465 

153 

90  0 

0 

268,125 

434 

... 

4 

4 

1867 

449 

157 

90  0 

0 

268,775 

650 

. . , 

4 

4,  4J,  41 

1868 

439 

162 

90  0 

0 

268,295 

<  >• 

480 

4,4i.5 

4,4i 

1869 

432 

169 

90  0 

0 

267,155 

1,140 

4,4i 

4,4i 

1870 

418 

171 

90  0 

0 

266,276 

879 

4,4: 

4,4i 

1871 

409 

168 

90  0 

0 

265,385 

... 

891 

4 

4 

1872 

408 

170 

90  0 

0 

263,635 

1,744 

4 

4 

1873 

409 

172 

90  0 

0 

262,238 

1,397 

4 

4 

1874 

407 

173 

90  0 

0 

260,339 

... 

1,899 

4 

4 

1875 

400 

172 

90  0 

0 

258,374 

•  •■ 

1,965 

4 

4 

1876 

400 

165 

90  0 

0 

256,895 

1,479 

4 

4 

1877 

391 

165 

90  0 

0 

255,636 

1,259 

4 

4 

1878 

384 

169 

90  0 

0 

253,359 

<  •. 

2,277 

4 

4 

1879 

383 

169 

90  0 

0 

250,725 

2,634 

4 

4 

1880 

385 

169 

90  0 

0 

249,675 

.•  • 

1,050 

4 

4 

1881 

381 

174 

90  0 

0 

247,620 

2,055 

4 

H 

1882 

381 

175 

90  0 

0 

244,328 

3,292 

3J 

H 

1883 

371 

172 

90  0 

0 

240,868 

•  •• 

3,460 

3 

H 

1884 

368 

167 

90  0 

0 

238,071 

•  ■  • 

2,797 

3 

H 

1885 

374 

163 

90  0 

0 

235,317 

... 

2,754 

3 

H 

1886 

388 

161 

90  0 

0 

233,001 

... 

2,316 

3J 

H 

1887 

399 

158 

80  0 

0 

231,846 

... 

1,155 

3| 

H 

1888 

409 

156 

80  0 

0 

231,607 

... 

239 

3| 

3| 

1889 

419 

149 

80  0 

0 

231,909 

302 

*•• 

3| 

H 

1890 

441 

140 

80  0 

0 

232,783 

874 

... 

3| 

H 

CHAPTER  V. 
THE  CHAIE  OF  CONVEYANCING. 

The  chair  of  conveyancing  in  the  university  of  Edinburgh, 
which  is  endowed  by  the  society,  was  not  established  until  1825. 
Upwards  of  thirty  years  before  that  date,  however,  the  society 
had  provided  for  systematic  public  instruction  on  the  subject  by  the 
appointment  of  one  of  its  own  number  as  lecturer  upon  convey- 
ancing. It  is  now  proposed  to  trace  the  circumstances  attending 
the  foundation  of  that  lectureship,  and  the  steps  by  which  it  was 
subsequently  raised,  by  the  exertions  of  the  society,  to  the  position 
of  an  academic  chair. 

The  subject  of  conveyancing,  as  to  both  theory  and  practice,  The  study  of 
has  always  been  regarded  by  the  society  as  peculiarly  its  province ;  •=o"^«ya°<='"s- 
and,  from  an  early  period,  although  there  was  no  public  teaching 
of  the  subject,  the  members  of  the  body  generally  looked  upon 
the  instiiiction  of  their  apprentices  in  conveyancing  as  not  only 
their  duty  but  as  one  of  the  privileges  of  the  body  which  ought  not 
to  be  committed  to  others.  Evidence  of  this  will  be  found  in  the  fact 
that  when,  about  the  middle  of  last  century,  one  of  their  number, 
Mr.  John  Mackenzie  of  Delvine,  brought  before  the  society  a  proposal 
for  public  instruction  upon  the  subject  by  the  foundation  of  a  chair 
of  conveyancing,  it  was  rejected  on  the  ground  that  it  would  inter- 
fere with  the  duty  of  masters  in  the  teaching  of  their  apprentices 
in  chambers.  Again,  in  1773,  a  similar  proposal  to  have  pubHc 
instruction  on  conveyancing  was  reported  against  by  a  committee 
to  which  it  had  been  remitted  :  The  society  on  considering  this 
report  resolved  that  it  was  "  the  duty  of  writers  to  the  signet  to 
instruct  their  apprentices  in  the  several  branches  of  their  busi- 
ness, and  to  use  all  necessary  means  by  practice,  prelection,  and 


bviii         THE  SOCIETY  OF  WRITERS  TO  THE  SIGNET 

examination,  to  discharge  that  duty.  That,  as  the  knowledge  ot 
styles  is  their  proper  province,  the  plan  proposed  would,  in  their 
apprehension,  import  an  acknowledgment  of  their  incapacity  or  want 
of  inclination  to  do  their  duty  ;  and  that,  as  the  expense  of  educating 
young  gentlemen  had  of  late  been  greatly  augmented,  it  was  matter 
for  consideration  how  far  it  would  be  proper  to  subject  them  to 
further  expense." 

The  society  as  a  body  was  anxious  to  preserve  intact  what  it 
considered  both  a  duty  and  a  privilege,  which  could  not,  without 
injury,  be  intrusted  to  others ;  and  its  individual  members  en- 
deavoured to  give  a  competent  knowledge  of  conveyancing  to 
those  about  to  enter  the  society  by  "  practice,  prelection,  and  exami- 
nation." But  the  impression  gained  ground  that  the  instruc- 
tion of  the  most  zealous  and  able  practitioners,  delivered  to  their 
apprentices  as  the  avocations  of  business  might  permit,  was  not  an 
adequate  substitute  for  more  systematic  teaching.  As  a  result  of  this, 
Mr.  Koss'  a  member  of  the  society,  Mr.  Walter  Ross,   in  order  to  afford   to 

lectures.  some  extent  such  instruction,  determined  to  give  a  private  course 

of  lectures  upon  "  the  history  and  practice  of  the  law  of  Scotland 
relative  to  conveyancing  and  legal  diligence."  Accordingly,  during 
1783  and  1784,  he  delivered  two  short  courses  of  lectures  upon  the 
subject. 

Other  engagements  unfortunately  prevented  him  from  again 
lecturing,  and  from  going  on  with  the  preparation  of  the  complete 
course  of  lectures  which  he  had  intended.  The  pubhcation,  however, 
after  his  death,  of  those  he  had  delivered,  shows  how  eminently 
qualified  Mr.  Ross  was  for  the  duty  he  had  undertaken.  Even  to  the 
present  day  the  abUity  and  research  exhibited  in  these  lectures 
afford  the  student  of  conveyancing  much  valuable  information  as  to 
the  origin  and  history  of  many  of  our  most  important  deeds. 

Mr.  Ross  had  not  specially  sought  the  recognition  of  his  prO" 
ject  by  the  society,  but  the  success  of  his  lectures  was  so  apparent 
as  in  gi-eat  measure  to  remove  the  jealousy  with  which  the  former 


/ 


motion. 


THE  CHAIE  OF  CONVEYANCING  cix 

proposals  for  public  instruction  in  conveyancing  had  been  regarded. 
Accordingly,  when  in  1793  one  of  its  members,  Mr.  Robert  Bell, 
brought  forward  a  proposal  that  the  society  should  give  its  approval 
and  authority  to  his  going  on  with  a  collection  of  decisions  of  the 
court  of  session  dealing  with  conveyancing,  which  he  had  commenced, 
the  society  not  only  entertained  the  proposal  as  originally  made, 
but  added  a  scheme  of  public  instruction  in  conveyancing,  which 
Mr.  Bell  had  subsequently  suggested. 

The  proposal  was  brought  before  a  general  meeting  of  the  Mr.  Macdonaid'a 
society  by  the  deputy  keeper  in  May  1793,  when  a  letter  from  Mr. 
Bell  on  the  subject  was  read.  It  was  then  moved  by  Mr.  WiUiam 
Macdonald :  "  That  it  is  the  duty  of  the  society  to  promote  the  study 
of  conveyancing,  and  as  it  appears  necessary  for  the  proper  attain- 
ment of  this  object  that  one  of  the  members  should  be  appointed 
to  deliver  annually  a  course  of  lectures  on  the  theory  and  practice 
of  conveyancing,  and  to  collect  the  decisions  of  the  court  of  session, 
and  in  a  particular  manner  those  decisions  which  more  immediately 
relate  to  our  own  department,"  the  society  do  "  resolve  that  in  future 
one  of  its  members  shall  be  elected  to  fill  these  offices,  and  as  an 
encouragement  to  the  undertaking  of  this  important  charge,  that 
from  the  period  of  the  commencement  of  the  said  course  of  lectures, 
every  candidate  who  applies  for  admission  into  the  society  shall 
produce  to  the  examinators  a  certificate  of  his  having  attended 
a  coux-se  of  lectures,  and  that  every  apprentice  shall  in  future, 
during  his  apprenticeship,  attend  at  least  one  course.  Secondly, 
that  as  Mr.  Bell  had  proposed  and  bestowed  great  pains  upon  this 
plan,  he  should  be  named  by  the  society  to  the  office." 

The  society,  however,  was  not  prepared  to  dispose  of  these 
resolutions  without  further  consideration,  and  it  was  resolved  that 
they  should  lie  on  the  table  until  next  general  meeting,  and  that 
Mr.  Bell  should  be  requested  to  prepare  and  submit  to  the  society, 
in  the  meantime,  a  plan  of  his  proposed  lectures,  and  of  the  mode 
and  period  of  delivering  them. 


ex  THE  SOCIETY  OF  WEITERS  TO  THE  SIGNET 

Shortly  after  this  Mr.  Bell  submitted  a  general  plan  of  the 
course  of  lectures  which  he  proposed,  embracing  a  wide  field  of  in- 
struction, in  both  the  theory  and  the  practice  of  conveyancing, 
with  an  elaborate  introduction  explaining  the  scheme.  This  having 
been  printed  and  distributed  amongst  the  members,  the  society  at 
its  general  meeting,  on  27th  November  1793,  approved  of  the  plan, 
Establishment  of  and  resolved  "that  in  future  one  of  the  members  shall  be  appointed 
society.  to  deliver  annually  a  course  of  lectures  on  the  theory  and  practice 

of  conveyancing,  and  to  collect  the  decisions,  and  appoint  Mr.  Robert 
Bell  to  fill  these  offices."  It  further  voted  him  a  sum  of  £105  for 
his  past  labours  in  connection  with  the  decisions  ;  and,  a  remit 
having  been  made  to  a  committee  to  consider  and  report  as  to 
his  future  salary,  it  was  resolved  at  a  subsequent  meeting,  on 
16th  December  1793,  that  Mr.  Bell  should  receive  an  annual  salary 
of  sixty  guineas  as  collector  of  decisions. 

It  will  be  seen  from  this,  that  the  portion  of  Mr.  Macdonald's 
original  motion  which  made  attendance  upon  the  course  of  lectures 
on  conveyancing  compulsory  was  omitted  from  the  resolution  of 
the  society,  and  further  that  no  salary  was  attached  to  the  lecture- 
ship, the  salary  given  being  for  the  collection  of  decisions  alone. 
The  fact  that  an  attendance  on  the  course  of  lectures  was  not 
made  compulsory  on  apprentices  arose  apparently  frojn  the  feeling 
in  the  minds  of  some,  that,  as  attendance  on  the  lectures  delivered 
from  the  Scots  law  chair  in  the  university  was  already  obligatory 
on  all  apprentices,  it  was  inexpedient  to  add  another  compulsory 
class.  The  omission  to  attach  a  salary  to  the  lectureship  was  due 
entirely  to  the  circumstance  that  Mr.  Bell  could  not  lecture  for 
upwards  of  a  year  to  come,  when  it  would  be  time  enough  to 
consider  the  question  of  the  salary  to  the  lecturer. 

Accordingly,  though  appointed  in  November  1793,  Mr.  Bell  was 
not  in  a  position  to  begin  lecturing  until  December  1794,  when  he 
delivered  a  short  course  which  dealt  with  only  a  comparatively  small 
portion  of  his  subject ;  and  it  was  not  tUl  the  winter  session  of 


T  THE  CHAIK  OF  CONVEYANCING  !  i  «jxi 

1795-96  that  he  was  able  to  complete  and  deliver  the  lectures  on  the 
first  part  of  his  course,  which  embraced  the  constitution  and  trans- 
mission of  heritable  rights  and  kindred  subjects.  |i 

Mr.  Bell  having  found  difiiculty  in  procuring  a  suitable  place 
for  the  delivery  of  his  lectures,  the  society,  on  1st  July  1795,  gave 
him  the  temporary  use  of  its  hall  for  that  purpose  during  that 
year.  Where  his  lectures  were  subsequently  delivered  does  not 
appear,  but  at  the  general  meeting  of  the  society  on  4th  February 
1811,  Mr.  Macvey  Napier  called  attention  "to  the  situation  of  the 
class  of  conveyancing,  which  he  conceived  to  be  degraded,  and  its 
utility  impaired,  by  its  exclusion  from  the  society  hall,  in  con- 
sequence of  which  Mr.  Bell  was  obliged  to  deliver  his  lectures  in  a 
mason  lodge,  and  moved  '  that  Mr.  Bell  be  permitted  to  lecture  in 
the  hall  at  such  hour  as  the  society  should  deem  most  convenient.' " 
The  motion  was  appointed  to  be  taken  into  consideration  at  next 
general  meeting,  on  27th  May  thereafter,  when  it  was  agreed  to  »-^''-'3'' 
allow  the  use  of  the  hall  to  the  lecturer  on  conveyancing  during 
the  pleasure  of  the  society. 

Although  Mr.  Bell's  lectures  did  not  even  yet  embrace  the  whole  Mr.  Beirs  lectures. 
of  the  scheme  which  he  had  submitted  to  the  society,  the  utility 
of  the  lectureship,  and  the  ability  of  the  lecturer,  had  been  so  clearly 
shown,  that  it  was  considered  due  to  him  to  annex  a  salary  to 
the  office  without  waiting  for  the  completion  of  the  full  course  of 
lectures  originally  contemplated.  In  the  meantime,  however,  it  had 
become  evident  that  so  long  as  attendance  on  the  courses  of  lectures 
on  civil  law  and  Scots  law  alone  was  required  of  apprentices, 
the  lectureship  on  conveyancing  was  placed  in  an  unfair  position. 
Accordingly,  both  matters  having  been  brought  before  a  general 
meeting  of  the  society,  on  30th  May  1796  it  was  resolved: — (1) 
"that  every  candidate  for  the  office  of  clerk  to  the  signet  shall 
have  attended  three  courses  of  law  classes,  viz.,  one  course  of 
Scots  law,  one  course  of  conveyancing,  and  a  third  course  either  of 
Scots  law,  conveyancing,  or  civil  law " ;    and  (2)   "  that   a  salary 


exn  THE  SOCIETY  OF  WEITEES  TO  THE  SIGNET 

should  be  annexed  to  the  office  of  lecturer  on  conveyancing." 
A  remit  was  made  to  a  committee  to  report  on  the  amount  of 
the  salary  and  the  source  from  which  it  should  be  raised.  This 
committee  recommended  that  a  salary  which  was  estimated  at  £40 
should  be  raised  by  requiring  every  apprentice  on  entering  into 
indenture  to  pay  £1,  Is.  to  the  person  appointed  to  receive  the 
libraiy  money,  who  should  account  for  it  to  the  lecturer.  Their 
report  having  been  printed  and  circulated,  was  approved  of  by  the 
society  at  a  general  meeting,  on  11th  July  1796.  Mr.  Bell  there- 
fore had  now  a  salary  of  sixty  guineas  as  collector  of  decisions 
and  the  produce  of  the  tax  of  a  guinea  on  every  apprentice  who 
should  enter  on  indenture,  besides  a  fee  of  £3,  3s.  from  each  student 
attending  his  lectures,  being  the  same  fee  as  was  paid  to  the 
professors  of  Scots  law  and  civil  law. 
Collector  of  The  appointment  of  a  collector  of  decisions  in  connection  with 

the  lectureship  was  originally  made  under  the  idea  that  the  collec- 
tion undertaken  by  Mr.  Bell  had  the  approval  of  the  judges  of 
the  court  of  session.  This,  however,  appears  not  to  have  been  the 
case ;  and  the  society,  having  learnt  that  the  court  did  not  look 
with  favour  upon  the  collection,  appointed  a  committee  to  inquire 
into  the  nature  of  the  objections  to  it. 

Mr.  Bell,  in  the  meantime,  ex  proprio  motu,  had  addressed  a 
letter  to  the  lord  president  explaining  the  grounds  of  his  belief 
that  he  had  obtained  the  sanction  of  the  court  to  his  under- 
taking, stating  his  readiness  to  give  it  up  so  far  as  he  was  individually 
concerned,  and  expressing  a  hope  that  the  lectures  on  convey- 
ancing, in  which  the  society  was  mainly  interested,  might  receive 
the  sanction  and  encouragement  of  the  court.  This  letter  was 
communicated  by  Mr.  Bell  to  the  committee  of  the  society  to  which 
it  had  been  remitted  to  report  on  the  subject.  The  committee 
reported  to  a  general  meeting  of  the  society,  on  5th  December 
1796,  that,  as  it  had  considered  Mr.  Bell's  proposal  extremely 
proper,   a   meeting  had  been  sought  with   the   judges,  and    that 


]  THE  CHAIR  OF  CONVEYANCING  cxiii 

"lord  president  Campbell,  who  declared  the  sentiments  of  the  court, 
approved  highly  of  the  institution  of  a  course  of  lectures  on  con- 
veyancing, considered  it  a  desideratum  in  the  legal  education  of 
the  country,  and  as  in  every  view  an  institution  which  deserved 
the  protection  and  patronage  of  the  court.  His  lordship  also 
thought  that  everything  should  be  done  to  promote  the  institution 
and  to  place  it  on  a  respectable  footing,  and,  with  that  view,  that 
it  deserved  the  consideration  of  the  court  whether  countenance 
should  not  be  given  to  an  application  for  having  it  made  a  pro- 
fessorship. Lord  Eskgrove  then  proposed  that,  in  order  to  bring 
the  matter  regularly  before  the  court,  a  memorial  stating  the  nature 
of  the  institution  shovdd  be  laid  before  them,  and  to  this  the  other 
judges  agreed." 

The  committee  therefore  recommended: — "  (1)  That  the  collec- 
tion of  decisions  should  be  given  up.  (2)  That  the  salary  annexed  to 
the  office  of  collector  should  be  added  to  the  office  of  lecturer  on 
conveyancing.     (3)  That  every  exertion  ought  to  be  made  by  the 

society   for  placing  the   office  of  lecturer  on  the  most  respectable         ' • '' 

footing,  and  that  proper  steps  should  be  taken  for  obtaining  a 
professor's  chair  in  the  university ;  and,  with  that  view,  that  a 
memorial  in  the  terms  of  the  memorial  hereto  annexed  should  be 
signed  by  the  deputy  keeper  in  name  of  the  society,  and  presented 
to  the  court." ' 

It   is   unnecessary  to  give  the  terms   of  the  memorial  at  any  Memorial  in 
length,   but  it  may  be   stated  that  it  set  forth  fully  the   circum-  feJsort  chair  in 
stances  attending  the  establishment  of  the  lectureship  in  conjunction  the  university, 
with  the  collection  of  the  decisions  and  the  intention  of  the  society 
to  give  up  the  latter  and  to  endow  the  office  of  lecturer,  as  the  sole 
object  of  the  institution,  with  a  salary  of  £100  a  year.     It  further 
stated  the  object  of  approaching  the  court  in  the  following  terms : — 
"  The  memorialists  have  formed  this  resolution  upon  full  delibera- 
tion, actuated  by  no  selfish  policy,  desirous  of  no  preference  to  their 

'■  Jardine's  Signet  Papers,  "  Beport  of  the  committee,"  vol.  i.  No,  7. 


eod*         THE  SOCIETY  OF  WRITERS  TO  THE  SIGNET 

lectureship  which  it  does  not  deserve ;  and,  anxious  only  to  point 
out  to  those  young  men  with  whose  education  they  are  intrusted  a 
beneficial  and  useful  plan  of  study,  they  have  cheerfully  appropriated 
a  considerable  annual  allowance  for  this  new  institution." 

"  It  is  under  the  conviction  that  this  is  a  matter  of  public  utihty 
as  well  as  of  professional  benefit  that  the  memorialists  presume  to 
call  your  lordships'  attention  to  the  subject.  They  are  desirous  of 
representing  it  to  his  majesty's  ministers  as  an  object  worthy  of 
encouragement.  They  cannot,  indeed,  expect  in  these  times  any 
pecuniary  aid  from  government;  but  they  are  desirous,  under 
your  lordships'  sanction,  of  obtaining  for  this  establishment  a 
professor's  chair  in  the  university  of  Edinburgh,  and  they  flatter 
themselves  that  this  proposal  may  appear  in  such  a  light  to  your 
lordships  as  to  enable  you  to  give  it  the  weight  of  your  approbation." 
Of  The  report,  with  the  accompanying  memorial,  having  been  ap- 
proved of  by  the  society,  the  memorial  was  forthwith  presented  to 
the  court.  The  court,  however,  notwithstanding  its  public  appro- 
objections  to  bation  of  the  lectureship  already  specified,  was  not  prepared  to  re- 
commend the  appHcation  as  an  object  worthy  of  encouragement  before 
ascertaining  the  opinion  of  the  faculty  of  advocates,  and  directed  it  to 
be  communicated  to  them  for  their  consideration.  The  faculty  remitted 
it  to  the  dean  and  council,  with  instructions  to  consider  and  report  as  to 
the  expediency  of  the  proposed  establishment  of  a  professorship  of  con- 
veyancing, and  they  shortly  afterwards  reported  that,  in  their  opinion, 
the  proposal  was  liable  to  many  strong  and  solid  objections  which 
they  thought  ought  to  determine  the  faculty  to  oppose  its  being 
carried  into  execution.  Their  main  objections  were  the  impossibility 
of  detaching  those  doctrines  which  relate  to  the  forms,  styles,  and 
contents  of  deeds  from  the  general  science  of  Scots  law  ;  the  injury 
to  the  public  that  would  arise  from  the  separation  of  "  the  more  liberal 
and  scientific  parts  of  the  law  from  the  subordinate  and  practical 
parts,"  and  the  injury  the  creation  of  a  rival  professorship  of  Scots  law 
in  the  university  would  have  on  "  the  interest  and  just  emoluments 


the  chair. 


;•,  THE   CHAIE   OF   CONVEYANCING  cxv 

of  the  present  endowments  of  which  the  faculty  of  advocates  are 
the  patrons,  thereby  preventing  the  discharge  of  its  duties  from 
being  a  primary  object  to  men  of  talents  and  liberal  edvication." 
For  these  and  other  reasons  the  dean  and  council  recommended 
that  the  faculty  should  express  its  disapprobation  of  the  plan,  and 
take  such  measui'es  as  might  seem  expedient  for  preventing  its  being 
carried  into  execution.  This  report,  having  been  approved  of  by 
the  faculty,  was  presented  to  the  court,  which  resolved  to  take  no 
action  in  the  matter ;  and  the  society,  apparently  thinking  it  useless 
to  press  the  proposal  in  the  face  of  such  determined  opposition, 
for  thirty  years  took  no  further  steps  towards  raising  the  lectureship 
to  the  position  of  an  academic  chair. 

It  was  not  until  the  autumn  of  1797  that  Mr.  Bell  was  able 
to  lecture  upon  the  second  part  of  his  subject,  which  then  embraced 
the  full  plan  of  lectures  originally  proposed.  This  he  then  divided 
into  two  courses  dehvered  in  separate  sessions.  The  first,  extending 
to  fifty  lectures,  was  devoted  to  deeds  in  general  and  the  con- 
stitution and  transmission  of  heritable  rights  and  real  diligence, 
forming  the  subject  of  one  course,  and  the  other,  extending  to 
thirty  lectures,  was  devoted  to  moveable  rights  and  personal 
diligence.  A  fee  of  £2,  2s.  was  required  from  each  student  for  the 
first  course,  and  £1,  Is.  for  the  second,  attendance  upon  both 
courses  being  required  in  order  to  entitle  students  to  a  certificate. 

The  arrangement  by  which  £40  of  the  salary  attached  to  the  salary  attached 
lectureship  was  dependent  on  the  £1,  Is.  tax  imposed  on  all  ap-  t^ti^e  lecture 
prentices  on  entering  into  indenture,  had  not  proved  satisfactory. 
Accordingly,  when  in  1802  the  society  had  it  in  contemplation 
to  raise  the  apprentice  fee  so  as  to  increase  the  general  funds, 
Mx.  Bell  took  occasion  to  address  a  letter  to  the  deputy  keeper, 
in  which  he  stated  that,  during  the  five  years  which  had  elapsed 
since  the  tax  in  question  had  been  imposed,  it  had  yielded  on 
an  average  an  annual  sum  of  only  £29  instead  of  £40  which  it 
had  been  intended  to  produce,  and  that  any  increase  to  the  general 


e**i         THE   SOCIETY   OF   WEITEKS   TO   THE   SIGNET 

apprentice  fee  would  probably  stiU  further  reduce  that  amount,  by 
lessening  the  number  of  those  entering  on  indenture.  He  therefore 
suggested  that  a  small  addition  might  be  made  to  the  tax  of  £1,  Is. 
in  order  to  carry  out  the  intentions  of  the  society  in  imposing  it. 

Mr.  Bell's  letter  was  brought  before  a  general  meeting  of  the 
society  on  28th  June  1802.  Some  dissatisfaction  having  then  been  ex- 
pressed because  of  his  having  divided  his  lectures  into  two  separate 
courses,  thereby  causing  expense  and  inconvenience  to  the  students, 
the  whole  matter  was  remitted  to  a  committee  for  consideration. 
Mr.  BeU  thereupon  submitted  a  memorial  explaining  his  reasons 
for  the  division,  and  stating  that  although  it  had  caused  no  additional 
expense  to  the  students,  he  would  give  it  up  and  would  in  future 
comprise  his  whole  subject  in  one  course  of  lectures.  Regarding 
the  increase  of  salary,  he  stated  that  his  whole  emoluments  from 
the  lectureship  during  the  preceding  five  years  had  amounted  on 
an  average  to  only  £140  per  annum. 

The  committee  having  considered  Mr.  Bell's  memorial,  reported 
that  it  was  satisfied  that  no  additional  expense  had  been  thrown 
on  apprentices  by  the  division  of  the  course  of  lectures.  It,  however, 
approved  of  his  proposal  to  have  only  one  course  for  the  future,  and 
in  regard  to  increase  of  salary  further  recommended  that  a  small 
addition  should  be  given  in  order  to  make  up  the  Bvaa.  originally 
intended.^  The  report,  having  been  printed  and  circulated,  was 
brought  before  a  general  meeting  of  the  society  on  29th  November 
1802,  when  it  was  approved  of  so  far  as  regarded  Mr.  Bell's  intention 
to  discontinue  the  division  of  the  course,  but  disapproved  in  so  far 
as  it  recommended  an  addition  to  the  salary  of  the  lecturer. 

Mr.  Bell  does  not  appear  to  have  been  discouraged  by  either 
the  smallness  of  the  emoluments  which  he  had  hitherto  derived 
from  the  lectureship,  or  the  failure  to  have  his  salary  placed 
upon  a  more  satisfactory  footing.  He  continued  to  discharge  the 
duties  of  lecturing  to  a  gradually  increasing  nixmber  of  students 

'  Jardine's  Sigiiet  Papers,  vol.  i. 


THE  CHAIE  OF  CONVEYANCING  cxvii 

with  great  ability  and  success,  until  his  death  in  1816.  The  credit 
is  due  to  him  of  having  originally  suggested  the  lectureship,  and 
while  the  wisdom  and  public  spirit  of  the  society  in  adopting  and 
giving  practical  effect  to  his  suggestions  by  founding  and  endowing 
it  must  be  acknowledged,  it  cannot  be  doubted  that  it  is  to  his 
ability  and  zeal  in  discharging  his  duties  through  many  discourage- 
ments that  we  owe  the  success  of  the  foundation.  In  addition,  Mr.  Bell's 
however,  to  giving  much  of  his  time  to  the  discharge  of  these  P"ti'°at.ons. 
duties,  Mr.  Bell  was  also  able  to  devote  himself  to  literary  work. 
During  the  earlier  period  of  his  lectureship,  he  prepared  for  the  press 
and  published  his  lectures  on  the  testing  clause,  and  treatises  on 
deeds,  on  completing  titles,  and  on  leases,  all  of  them  useful  works, 
though  now  out  of  date.  His  Dictionary  of  the  Laiv  of  Scotland,  to 
which  he  owes  his  character  as  an  eminent  legal  author,  was  pub- 
lished in  1807,  and,  from  its  learning  and  research,  was  very  soon 
accepted  as  a  standard  authority  on  the  subject.  Unfortunately  he  did 
not  live  long  enough  to  know  how  highly  this  work  was  appreciated 
by  the  profession  at  large,  but  the  numerous  editions  of  it  which  have 
been  called  for  since  his  death,  bringing  down  the  law  without  material 
alteration  to  their  several  dates  of  publication,  show  how  good  was  the 
original  conception  of  the  book,  and  how  excellent  was  its  execution. 

The  office  of  lecturer  having  become  vacant  by  the  death  of  Mr. 
Bell,  the  society  availed  itself  of  the  offer  of  his  brother,  Mr.  George 
Joseph  Bell,  who  afterwards  worthily  filled  the  chair  of  Scots  law 
in  the  university,  to  read  the  late  professor's  lectures  until  such 
time  as  a  successor  should  be  appointed.  In  December  1816,  the  Appointment  of 
society,  from  several  candidates  who  sought  the  office,  elected  to  the  Napicr^as*^ 
vacant  lectureship,  Mr.  Macvey  Napier,  then  librarian  to  the  society,  lecturer. 

Although  the  society,  on  the  faikire  of  its  application  in  1796 
to  have  the  lectureship  raised  to  the  position  of  a  chair  in  the 
university,  had  resolved  rather  to  await  the  effects  of  time  and 
experience  than  to  urge  its  wishes  in  face  of  the  powerful  opposi- 
tion which   had   been  manifested,  and  though  for  many  years  no 


cxviii       THE  SOCIETY   OF   WEITEES   TO   THE   SIGNET 

further  active  steps  were  taken  for  attaining  the  object  desired,  it 
Renewed  pro-       was  never  lost  sight  of.     The  matter  was  again  brought  before  the 

posals  for  a  .  i  i  • 

professor's  chair,  societj  by  the  deputy  keeper  at  the  general  meeting  on  21st 
November  1821,  when  a  committee  was  appointed  to  resume  con- 
sideration "  of  the  propriety  of  applying  for  a  professor's  chau'  in 
the  university  of  Edinburgh  for  the  course  of  lectures  instituted 
by  the  society,  and  to  adopt  such  measures  as  might  seem  to  them 
most  prudent  in  the  view  of  promoting  the  success  of  that  object, 
thereby  increasing  the  respectability  of  an  institution  the  usefulness 
of  which  had  been  demonstrated  by  ample  experience." 

The  committee  so  appointed,  with  the  valuable  aid  of  Mr. 
Thomas  Thomson,  advocate,  proceeded  to  prepare  a  statement  set- 
ting forth  at  considerable  length  the  causes  which  had  induced  the 
society  to  found  the  lectureship,  and  the  reasons  for  wishing  to 
see  the  usefulness  and  respectability  of  the  institution  increased 
by  having  a  professor's  chair  attached  to  it.  Fi-om  unavoidable 
causes  this  statement  was  not  completed  until  Febx-uary  1823,  when 
the  committee  devolved  upon  two  of  its  number,  the  deputy 
keeper  and  sir  Robert  Dundas,  the  duty  of  bringing  it  before  the 
heads  and  judges  of  the  court  and  the  dean  and  faculty  of 
advocates,  with  the  view  of  ascertaining  their  sentiments,  as  well 
as  before  the  lord  provost  and  town  council  and  the  principal  of 
the  university.  i  mu  ^h»j. 

The  sub- committee  so  appomted  having  had  the  statement 
printed  and  presented  to  the  court  and  to  the  faculty  of  advocates,' 
the  lord  president,  after  consultation  Avith  the  judges,  informed  it 
that  the  matter  was  one  on  wliich  they  did  not  consider  that  the 
court  was  called  upon  to  express  an  opinion. 

t.  The  faculty  of  advocates,  on  the  matter  being  brought  befoi-e 
them,  remitted  it  to  the  dean  and  council  for  consideration  and 
report.  They,  however,  could  not  agree  upon  the  terms  of  that  report ; 
and  tlie  faculty  accordingly  adjourned  consideration  of  the  iaa|iter 

<  .    :M    il)^yia.rtl'mA'a  Sionet  Paper*,  vol  iii.  .^'id     bi,  ■.■    acij 


T:I/      the  CHAIE  of  conveyancing  cxix 

until  such  time  as  their  former  report  on  the  subject  should  be  re- 
printed and  circulated  among  the  members.  The  sub-committee 
of  the  society  being  of  opinion  that  the  old  objections  stated  to 
the  professorship  by  the  faculty  in  1796,  which  it  was  thus 
proposed  to  reprint  and  circulate,  could  be  satisfactorily  answered 
from  the  experience  of  the  benefits  conferred  by  the  lectureship 
during  the  period  which  had  since  elapsed,  prepared  "observations" 
on  the  faculty's  report  of  1796.^  These  they  printed  and  circulated. 
The  subject  having  been  again  brought  before  a  full  meeting  of 
the  faculty  on  8  th  July  1823,  a  motion  approving  of  the  raising 
of  the  lectureship  to  a  chair  of  conveyancing  was  defeated  by  only 
fifty-five  votes  to  fifty-one,  whereupon  thirty-three  of  the  minority, 
including  many  of  the  most  eminent  members  of  the  bar,  and 
amongst  them  Mr.  George  Joseph  Bell,  the  distinguished  professor 
of  Scots  law,  lodged  a  formal  dissent  setting  forth  reasons  against 
the  resolution  which  had  been  carried.^ 

The  committee  reported  to  the  society,  at  the  general  meeting 
on  12th  July  1823,  the  result  of  the  application  to  the  faculty 
of  advocates,  with  an  expression  of  opinion  that  the  vote  of  the 
faculty  did  not  appear  by  any  means  calculated  to  damp  the  society's 
expectation  of  success  in  the  object  which  it  desired.  The  meeting 
approved  of  what  had  been  done,  and  re-committed  the  matter,  with 
a  recommendation  to  the  committee  "  to  take  all  such  measures 
as  they  should  deem  most  expedient  for  attaining  the  object  of 
obtaining  a  professor's  chair  in  the  university  for  the  lecturer  on 
conveyancing  and  his  successors,  and  to  enter  into  such  transactions 
and  agreements  with  the  patrons  of  the  university  as  they  might 
consider  fit  and  expedient  in  order  to  prevent  disappointment  of 
the  pretensions  which  had  been,  by  a  narrow  majority  in  the  faculty 
of  advocates,  so  unreasonably  resisted  and  opposed." 

The     committee     having    thereupon     determined    at    once    to  Letter  to  the 
approach  the  lord  provost,   magistrates,  and   council   of  the   city,  '°^°°"'"'''- 

'  Jardine's  Signet  Papers,  vol.  iii.  -  Jhid.  vol.  iii. 


lord  provost. 


cxx  THE   SOCIETY   OF  WRITEES  TO   THE   SIGNET 

patrons  of  the  university,  on  the  subject,  addressed  a  letter  to 
them  on  17th  July  1823,  setting  forth  succinctly  the  whole  circum- 
stances of  the  case,  praying  them,  in  virtue  of  their  prerogative  as 
patrons,  to  establish  a  chair  of  conveyancing  in  the  university,  and 
engaging  to  provide  for  it  a  perpetual  endowment  of  at  least  one 
hundred  guineas.  The  letter  further  suggested  that  Mr.  Macvey 
Napier,  who  then  held  the  office  of  lecturer,  should  be  appointed  the 
first  professor,  and  that  the  mode  of  filling  up  vacancies  thereafter 
should  be  determined  by  a  conference  between  the  committee  and 
a  committee  of  the  town  covmcU. 
Opposition  of  tue  A  printed  copy  of  this  letter,  along  with  copies  of  the  various 
statements  and  proceedings  which  were  referred  to  in  it,  was  laid 
before  the  town  council,  and  the  committee  shortly  afterwards  had 
an  interview  on  the  subject  with  sir  William  Arbuthnot,  who  was 
then  lord  provost.  He  received  them  with  "polite  attention";  but 
at  the  next  meeting  of  the  councU,  on  his  motion,  without  reasons 
given,  or  any  discussion  whatever,  the  application  of  the  society  was 
refused. 

The  committee,  deeming  it  useless  to  combat  the  hostility  of 
the  lord  provost,  thought  it  prudent  to  take  no  further  steps  in 
the  meantime,  but  to  await  the  time  when  there  was  reason  to  hope 
that  a  change  in  the  magistracy  might  lead  to  a  difierent  result. 

Accordingly,  when,  in  the  following  year,  the  civic  chair  came 
to  be  fiUed  by  Mr.  Alexander  Henderson,  the  committee  solicited 
a  conference  with  the  lord  provost  and  magistrates,  and  it  had  an 
opportunity  in  the  autumn  of  1824  of  laying  its  views  before  them, 
with  the  best  result;  for  his  lordship,  on  24th  November  1824, 
brought  the  matter  before  a  meeting  of  the  town  council,  and  spoke 
strongly  in  favour  of  the  proposed  chair.  In  consequence,  however, 
of  the  strenuous  opposition  of  one  of  the  councillors  it  became 
necessary  to  postpone  the  decision  until  a  subsequent  meeting. 
The  serious  iUness  of  the  lord  provost  prevented  his  being  present 
at  the  next  meeting  of  the  town  council,  on  1st  December  1824, 


THE  CHAIR  OF  CONVEYANCING  cxxi 

but  the  views  which  he  had  so  strongly  urged  at  the  previous 
meeting  were  adopted  by  the  great  majority  of  the  council ;  and, 
on  a  division,  the  proposal  to  establish  a  chair  of  conveyancing  in 
the  university,  of  which  Mr.  Macvey  Napier  should  be  the  first  Establishment 
professor,  was  carried  by  a  majority  of  twenty-five  to  four.  At  a  °  ^  c  air, 
subsequent  meeting,  after  some  discussion,  a  proposal  of  the  com- 
mittee that  future  vacancies  should  be  filled  by  five  delegates,  two 
of  them  to  be  chosen  from  the  town  council,  and  two  from  the 
society  of  writers  to  the  signet,  together  with  the  deputy  keeper, 
was  carried  by  a  majority. 

The  committee  reported  the  favourable  result  of  their  labours 
to  a  general  meeting  of  the  society,  held  on  25th  January  1825, 
when  the  cordial  thanks  of  the  writers  to  the  signet  were  unani- 
mously voted  to  lord  provost  Henderson  and  the  magistrates  and 
council  for  the  establishment  of  the  chair.  The  deputy  keeper  also 
conveyed  to  Mr.  Napier  the  congratulations  of  the  society  on  his  Mr.  Napier 
appointment,  expressing,  at  the  same  time,  "  their  confident  expec-  profeTsor 
tation  and  belief  that  he  will,  with  unabated  zeal  and  energy,  exert 
his  best  abilities  for  the  purpose  of  establishing  the  legal  character 
of  the  science  which  he  is  appointed  to  teach,  and  that  he  will 
accomplish  this  in  such  a  manner  that  the  name  of  the  first  professor 
of  conveyancing  will  be  transmitted  to  posterity  with  a  celebrity 
which  cannot  fail  to  communicate  its  influence  to  his  successors, 
and  to  the  society  of  which  he  is  a  member." 

The  exertions  of  the  society  in  thus  getting  the  lectureship  on 
conveyancing  raised  to  the  dignity  of  a  university  chair  were  re- 
warded by  a  very  considerable  increase  in  the  number  of  students 
who  availed  themselves  of  the  lectures,  and  professor  Napier 
continued  to  discharge  the  duties  of  the  chair  with  great  ability  and 
success  until  his  death,  in  his  seventy-first  year,  in  February  1847. 
In  the  long  period  of  thirty-one  years  during  which  he  filled  the 
oflBces,  first  of  lecturer  and  subsequently  of  professor,  although  much 
engaged  in  literary  pursuits,  he  never  allowed  these  to  interfere  in 


Mr.  Menzies 


cxxii        THE  SOCIETY  OF  WEITEES  TO  THE   SIGNET 

any  way  with  his  academic  duties,  but  fully  justified  the  expecta- 
tions and  belief  expressed  by  the  society  in  their  congratulations 
on  his  appointment  to  the  professorship. 

Mr.  Allan  Menzies,  W.S.,  who  was  appointed  to  the  vacant 
appointed  to  chair  of  conveyaucing  on  the  death  of  Mr.  Napier,  had  early  given 
evidence  of  literary  tastes.  While  a  student  of  law  in  the  university  ■ 
he  had  been  one  of  the  competitors  for  the  prize  of  £100  given 
by  the  university  commission  of  1826  for  the  best  essay  on  "the 
national  character  of  the  Athenians."  Mr.  John  Brown  Patterson, 
then  certainly  the  most  eminent  student  of  the  University,  carried 
off  the  prize,  but  the  essay  of  Mr.  Menzies  showed  such  great  ability 
as  to  cause  the  senatus  to  confer  upon  him  the  very  unusual  distinc- 
tion of  the  degree  of  "  M.  A.  honoris  causa." 

Shortly  after  he  had  become  a  member  of  the  society,  the. 
commissioners  of  the  signet,  under  whose  charge  a  fund  of  £120,000. 
had  been  left  by  Mr.  James  Dick,  a  London  merchant,  for  the  purpose, 
of  assisting  schoolmasters  and  promoting  education  in  the  counties 
of  Aberdeen,  Banff,  and  Moray,^  appointed  Mr.  Menzies  their  clerk 
in  the  management  of  the  bequest,  an  office  which  practically  laid 
upon  him  the  duty  of  organising  the  system  upon  which  this  large 
fund  was  to  be  administered. 

Mr.  Menzies  entered  upon  the  discharge  of  his  difficult  duties 
with  great  zeal  and  energy.  For  a  period  of  years  he  on  frequent 
occasions  personally  superintended  the  examinations  in  many  of 
the  schools  in  these  counties ;  he  advised  with  the  teachers  in 
regard  to  the  state  of  their  schools  and  their  methods  of  teaching ; 
he  regularly  reported  to  the  commissioners,  advising  with  them  as 
to  the  progress  and  result  of  the  work ;  and  through  his  untir- 
ing efforts  the  scheme  gradually  became  developed  into  a  great, 
system  which  has  been  the  means  of  raising  education  in  these 
counties  to  a  very  high  standard.  .,-;-hffB  to   n?  '  art  Till 

Although  the  office  of  clerk  to  the  Dick  bequest  necessarily: 


THE  CHAIE  OF  CONVEYANCING  cxxiii 

occupied  a  considerable  portion  of  his  time,  Mr.  Menzies  had  given 
much  attention  to  the  duties  of  his  profession,  and  more  especi- 
ally to  conveyancing.  Accordingly,  when  the  conveyancing  chair 
became  vacant,  on  professor  Napier's  death  in  1847,  he  offered 
himself  as  a  candidate  for  the  oflfice  ;  and  although  he  had  as  a 
competitor  Mr.  Alexander  Duff,  the  able  author  of  a  treatise  on 
Feudal  Conveyancing  and  other  legal  works,  the  society  by  a  large 
majority  elected  Mr.  Menzies  to  the  vacant  chair. 

He  showed  as  professor  the  same  untiring  zeal  and  energy  in 
the  discharge  of  his  new  duties  as  he  had  done  in  the  management 
of  the  Dick  bequest.  ^ii  jsm  •:^:iimoo  .JfiiiJ  jJj^i'  i!.i 

J,  Mr.  Bell  and  professor  Napier  had  been  in  the  practice  of  test- 
ing the  progress  of  their  students  principally  by  oral  examinations. 
Professor  Menzies,  owmg  to  deafness,  finding  himself  unable  to  pur- 
sue the  same  method  in  a  satisfactory  manner,  at  once  substituted 
for  it  the  plan  of  frequent  written  examinations  in  the  class-room, 
without  the  aid  of  book  or  notes,  a  system  which,  though  entailing 
on  the  professor  a  largely  increased  amount  of  work,  proved  a  more 
efficient  test  of  progress  than  oral  examinations,  and  has  been 
followed  by  his  successors  in  the  chair. 

His  constitution,  which  was  never  robust,  unfortunately  broke 
down  imder  the  strain  of  his  multifarious  duties,  and  after  filling  the 
chair  for  a  period  of  nine  years,  with  an  ability  and  success  certainly 
not  inferior  to  that  of  his  distinguished  predecessor,  he  died  in 
February  1856,  at  the  early  age  of  fifty-two.  His  Lectures  on 
Conveyancing,  which  were  published  a  short  time  after  his  death, 
were  highly  appreciated  by  the  profession,  and  have  reached  a  third 
edition.  Though  they  do  not  bring  down  the  law  to  so  late  a  date 
as  those  of  his  successor,  to  be  afterwards  noticed,  they  will  always 
remain  distinguished  by  their  lucidity  of  expression  and  elegance  of 
composition,  while  at  the  same  time  they  testify  to  the  thorough 
knowledge  which  the  author  possessed  of  both  the  theory  and  the 
practice  of  conveyancing.  ^^        ^    ..^  _l 


cxxiv       THE  SOCIETY  OP  WEITEES  TO   THE  SIGNET 

Election  of  Mr.  On   the   death   of  professor  Menzies   in   1856,  Mr.    Alexander 

^ontgomerie  Montgomerie  Bell,  W.S.,  offered  himself  as  a  candidate  for  the 
vacant  chair.  Having  been  apprentice  to  Mr.  John  Dundas,  W.S., 
in  whose  finn  he  afterwards  became  a  partner,  he  had  early  devoted 
himself  to  the  study  of  conveyancing,  and  from  the  ample  opportuni- 
ties he  had  for  applying  his  knowledge  to  practice,  he  soon  became 
an  accomplished  conveyancer.  So  much  indeed  was  this  acknowledged 
by  the  profession  at  large  that,  when  he  became  a  candidate  for 
the  chair  of  conveyancing,  no  one  else  came  forward  as  a  competitor 
for  it,  and  he  was  unanimously  elected  to  fill  the  vacancy.  It  might 
have  been  thought  that,  coming  as  he  did  after  so  eminent  a  pre- 
decessor as  professor  Menzies,  his  task  would  be  a  difficult  one  ;  but 
from  the  first  his  lectures  showed  his  thorough  practical  knowledge  of 
his  subject,  and  his  power  of  imparting  that  knowledge  to  his  students. 
Unfortunately,  like  his  predecessor,  his  constitution  could  not  stand 
the  strain  which  the  additional  work  of  the  chair  laid  upon  him, 
and  after  lecturing  with  great  ability  and  success  for  nearly  ten 
sessions,  he  died  in  Januaiy  1866,  at  the  early  age  of  fifty-four. 

His  lectures,  which  at  his  own  request  were  published  shortly 
afterwards,  though  perhaps  not  marked  by  the  elegance  of  com- 
position which  distinguished  those  of  professor  Menzies,  were  much 
appreciated  for  their  exhaustive  and  eminently  practical  character 
not  only  by  students  of  conveyancing,  but  by  the  profession  at 
large.  Some  years  ago  they  reached  a  third  edition,  which  brought 
down  the  law  to  the  date  of  publication. 
Election  of  Mr.  On  professor  Montgomerie  BeU's  death  in  1866,  Mr.  James  S. 

Fraser  Tytler,  W.S.,  was  elected  to  fill  the  vacant  chair,  which  he 
still  holds. 

Success  of  the  The  success  of  the  chair  of  conveyancing,  of  which  the  history 

ch^  of  convey-   j^^  ^^ixiQ  been  traced,  is  clearly  shown  by  the  increased  number  of 

students   who  take    advantage    of   it.      Although,   from   the  first 

establishment  of  the  lectureship  in  1795,  attendance  on  the  lectures 

was  compulsory  on  all  who  sought   admission  to   the  society,  its 


James  S.  Fraser 
Tytler. 


IRE  CHAIR  OF  CONVEYANCING  cxxv 

records  give  no  information  as  to  the  number  of  those  students  who 
did  not  come  under  this  categoiy.  There  is  Httle  doubt,  however, 
that  the  raising  of  the  lectureship  to  the  position  of  a  university 
chair  greatly  extended  its  sphere  of  usefulness.  This  is  shown  by 
the  society  of  solicitors  in  the  supreme  courts  having  likewise  in 
1851  required  attendance  on  the  lectures  on  conveyancing  from  all 
intending  inti-ants  to  that  body.  The  faculty  of  advocates  also 
subsequently  added  the  course  on  conveyancing  to  the  curriculum 
of  legal  study  for  all  future  members  of  the  bar ;  and  the  society 
of  chartered  accountants  afterwards  took  a  similar  step  in  regard 
to  entrance  to  that  body. 

The  university  records  do  not  give  any  information  as  to  the 
number  of  students  attending  the  individual  chairs  until  1859.  It 
has  been  impossible  therefore  to  ascertain  the  extent  of  the  attendance 
while  professor  Napier  held  the  chair,  though  there  is  no  doubt  that 
it  had  increased  greatly  from  that  durmg  the  lectureship.  During 
Mr.  Menzies'  tenure  of  the  professorship  (1846-1856),  the  number  of 
students  varied  from  99  his  smallest  number  in  1851-52,  to  114 
his  largest  in  1855-56.  In  the  latter  years  of  professor  Mont- 
gomerie  Bell's  tenure  of  the  chair  the  average  number  was  120. 
The  number  of  students  after  1866  gradually  increased  until  1874, 
after  which  it  rapidly  rose  in  consequence  of  the  operation  of  the 
Law  Agents  Act  of  1873  and  the  relative  act  of  sederunt  re- 
quiring attendance  of  university  courses  of  lectures  on  Scots  law 
and  conveyancing  from  all  future  applicants  for  admission  to  the 
body  of  law  agents.  Although  it  is  satisfactory  to  note  this  pubhc 
recognition  by  the  supreme  court  of  the  value  of  the  lectures  de- 
livered from  both  of  these  chairs,  it  is  still  more  so  to  add  that 
the  value  of  the  lectures  is  fully  recognised  by  the  students  them- 
selves. The  covui;  in  1886,  on  finding  that  it  had  exceeded  its 
powers  in  requiring,  under  the  act  of  sederunt  of  1873,  a  particular 
curriculum  of  legal  study,  passed  another  act  making  attendance  on 
these  lectures  no  longer  necessary  for  future  intrants  to  the  body  of 


cxxvi       THE  SOCIETY  OF  WEITERS  TO  THE  SIGNET 

law  agents.  This  apparently  has  had  little  effect  in  diminishing 
the  number  of  students ;  for  whUe  the  average  number  in  the  con- 
veyancing class  during  the  last  three  years  in  which  attendance 
was  compulsory  (1885-1887)  was  202,  during  the  three  years  which 
have  since  elapsed,  when  attendance  was  not  compulsory,  it  has  been 
195.  These  figures,  it  is  thought,  are  sufficient  to  show  that  the 
founding  and  endowment  of  the  chair  of  conveyancing  by  the  society 
was  a  wise  step,  and  that  it  has  been  duly  appreciated  by  the 
legal  profession  in  Scotland. 


THE      TYMMER      BOX 

See  p.  Ixxxviii 


i' 


LIST   OF   WRITERS   TO   H.M.   SIGNET 

1594-1890. 

Date  of  Admission. 
ABEECROMBY,  ALEXANDER.  10th  July  1770. 

Apprentice  to  John  Syme. — Son  of  Alexander  Abercromby,  Merchant  in  Norway. 
Died  9th  April  1804. 

ACHESON,  ANDREW.  9th  July  1680. 

Apprentice  to  John  Kennedy. — Died  25th  February  1702,  aged  54.  Mar.  Louisa 
Borthwick. 

ADAIR,  CHARLES  MURDOCH.  28th  March  1819. 

Apprentice  to  John  Campbell  and  Andrew  Clason. — Son  of  Dr.  James  M'Kettrick 
Adair,  Physician  in  Harrogate.     Died  23d  March  1823. 

ADAIR,  THOMAS,  of  Little  Genoch.  3d  July  1778. 

Apprentice  to  Cornelius  Elliot. — Eldest  son  of  Mr.  Andrew  Adair,  of  Little 
Genoch,  Minister  of  Whithorn.  Died  22d  November  1820.  Mar.  (1)  Jane, 
daughter  of  the  Rev.  Andrew  Ross  of  Balsarroch,  Wigtownshire ;  and  (2)  29th 
September  1783,  Agnes,  daughter  of  John  Jameson,  Merchant,  Leith. 

ADAM,  ALEXANDER  FORSYTH.  11th  March  1847. 

Apprentice  to  George  Maclachlan  and  William  Ivory. — Son  of  James  Adam, 
S.S.C.     Bom  24th  July  1822.     Died  24th  December  1881,  unmarried. 

ADAM,  ARTHUR.  25th  May  1883. 

Apprentice  to  J.  0.  Mackenzie,  W.  R.  and  John  Kermack. — Son  of  Stephen 
Adam,  Wool-broker  in  Leith.     Bom  30th  April  1860. 

ADAM,  GEORGE  SEYMOUR.  29th  June  1871. 

Apprentice  to  Robert  Blair  Maconochie. — Son  of  Patrick  Adam,  S.S.C.  Bom 
26th  May  1846.     Died  13th  May  1875,  unmarried. 

ADAM,  JAMES.  2l8t  December  1820. 

Apprentice  to  James  Drummond  of  Comrie. — Son  of  Hamilton  Adam  of  Kerse- 
liead,  Ayrshire.  Died  3d  December  1849,  aged  79.  3far.  10th  August  1807, 
Janet,  eldest  daughter  of  John  Shedden  of  Morrishill,  Ayrshire. 

A 


2  THE  SOCIETY  OF  WRITERS  TO  THE  SIGNET 

ADIE,  CAMPBELL.  12th  March  1788. 

Apprentice  to  William  Campbell  of  Crawfordton. — Second  son  of  Rev.  George 
Adie,  Minister  of  Camock.  Bmti  1762.  Died  29th  January  1807.  Mar.  1st 
May  1800,  his  cousin,  Penelope,  daughter  of  William  Campbell  of  Queenshill, 
Kirkcudbrightshire.     Circuit  Clerk  of  Justiciary, 

ADIE,  GEORGE,  of  Whitehouse.  13th  June  1702. 

Apprentice  to  Thomas  Pringle. — Died  January  1748.  Mar.  December  1706, 
Agnes,  daughter  of  John  Menzies  of  Cammo  and  Whitehouse,  Advocate. 

AIKENHEAD,  ALEXANDER.  22d  March  1630. 

Apprentice  to  Andrew  Hay. 

AIKENHEAD,  ALEXANDER.  26th  January  1671. 

Apprentice  to  James  Chrystie. — Son  of  David  Aikenhead,  Writer  in  Edinburgh. 
Fiscal,  1678-83.     Died  4th  September  1705,  aged  62. 

AIKMAN,  ANDREW.  26th  July  1655. 

Apprentice  to  Robert  Pringle. — Re-admitted,  14th  November  1661.  Died 
January  1691. 

AIKMAN,  THOMAS,  of  Brimbleton.  18th  December  1685. 

Apprentice  to  NicoU  Hardy. — Second  son  of  John  Aikman  of  Caimie.  Mar. 
(1)  Isabel,  daughter  of  Richard  Lermont  of  Whitelawhouse ;  and  (2)  Margaret, 
daughter  of  James  Winram  of  Libberton. 

AINSLIE,  JOHN. 

Signs  Minute  of  17th  January  1606. 

AINSLIE,  ROBERT,  of  Edingham.  9th  July  1789. 

Apprentice  to  Samuel  Mitchelson. — Eldest  son  of  Robert  Ainslie  of  Darnchester, 
Berwickshire.  Born  13th  January  1766.  Died  11th  April  1838.  Mar.  (1)  3d 
January  1799,  Jane,  daughter  of  Colonel  James  Cunningham,  of  the  Dutch 
Service;  (2)  18th  October  1837,  Isabella,  eldest  daughter  of  Rev.  Robert  Munro, 
of  Ullapool.     Author  of  A  Father's  Gift  to  his  Children,  and  other  works. 

AINSLIE,  ROBERT.  18th  June  1829. 

Apprentice  to  George  Combe. — Eldest  son  of  Archibald  Ainslie,  Tenant  in 
Peaston,  Mid-Lothian.     Bwn  1806.     Died  11th  December  1858,  unmarried. 

AITCHISON,  WILLIAM  KER  15th  November  1832. 

Apprentice  to  Henry  Gordon  Dickson. — Son  of  William  Aitchison,  Brewer  at 
Kerfield.  Born  10th  March  1807.  Died  26th  February  1854.  Mar.  12th  July 
1830,  Jane,  daughter  of  William  Murray,  Merchant,  Edinburgh. 

ALEXANDER,  JOHN.  2d  May  1634. 

Apprentice  to  Hew  Rose. 


LIST  OF  MEMBERS  $ 

ALEXANDER,  JOHN.  -----     16th  June  1655.    ' 

Apprentice  to  James  Tinto. — Re-admitted  11th  April  1661.    Died  1683. 

ALEXANDER,  JOHN.  20th  November  1662. 

Apprentice  to  Robert  Alexander  and  John  Bayne. — Died  November  1711. 

ALEXANDER,  ROBERT. 

Signs  Minute  of  17th  January  1606.  Keeper  of  the  Signet,  26th  December 
1627.     Died  about  1630. 

ALEXANDER,  ROBERT.  2d  April  1638. 

Apprentice  to  John  Mudie. — Son  of  John  Alexander,  Merchant  Burgess  of 
Aberdeen.  Died  1667.  Mar.  (1)  Jean  Cargill;  and  (2)  Janet  Anderson. — Re- 
admitted 21st  November  1660. 

ALEXANDER,  ROBERT,  of  Blackhouse.  30th  June  1707. 

Apprentice  to  Ronald  Campbell. — Son  of  Mr.  James  Alexander  of  Blackhouse, 
Minister  of  Kilmalcolm.  Died  23d  May  1723.  Mar.  (1)  Sophia,  daughter  of 
John  Blair  of  Innerwick;  (2)  8th  January  1716,  Margaret,  daughter  of  Robert 
Alexander,  Advocate.   Principal  Clerk  of  Session,  14th  December  1715  till  death. 

ALEXANDER,  WILLIAM.  30th  November  1819. 

Apprentice  to  John  Archibald  Campbell. — Son  of  Forrest  Alexander,  Merchant 
in  Edinburgh.  Born  1798.  Died  21st  December  1859.  Mar.  18th  October 
1833,  Jessie  Mercer,  eldest  daughter  of  Alexander  Gordon.  Commissary  Clerk 
of  Edinburgh,  1850-60.     Author  of  Digest  of  tlie  Bankmptmj  Act. 

ALISON,  JOHN.  23d  November  1813. 

Apprentice  to  David  Wemyss. — Eldest  son  of  Colin  Alison,  Writer  in  Montrose. 
Died  14th  March  1836,  aged  45,  unmarried. 

ALISON,  JOHN.  25th  June  1829. 

Apprentice  to  Alexander  Blair. — Son  of  John  Alison,  residing  in  Dundee. 
Died  19th  February  1850,  aged  62,  unmarried. 

ALISONE,  ALEXANDER,  of  Birkhill.  15th  June  1698. 

Apprentice  to  John  Strachan. — Son  of  Alexander  Alisone  of  Birkhill,  Fifeshire. 
Died  September  1728. 

ALISONE,  ALEXANDER.  10th  March  1719. 

Apprentice  to,  and  son  of,  Alexander  Alisone,  W.S. — Died  1st  January  1728. 
Mar.  Grizel,  daughter  of  Thomas  Wemyss,  Advocate. 

ALLAN,  ALEXANDER.  15th  January  1819. 

Apprentice  to  George  Robertson. — Third  son  of  William  Allan,  Merchant  in 
Edinburgh.     Died  1st  February  1871,  aged  76.    Mar. 

ALLANE,  JAMES.  20th  June  1649. 

Apprentice  to  Robert  Pringle. — Died  January  1693.  Mar.  Isobel  Heriot. 
Treasurer,  1659-62.     Re-admitted  2l8t  November  1660. 


*  THE  SOCIETY  OF  WEITEKS  TO  THE  SIGNET 

ALLARDICE,  WILLIAM  PATRICK.  28th  January  1836. 

Apprentice  to  John  Mackenzie  Lindsay. — Son  of  Captain  William  Allardice  of 

,,,;,;  Murlingden.     Bm-n  8th  October  1807.    Died  12th  August  1876.    Mar.  (1)  25th 

March  1834,  Anna  Maria,  daughter  of  Captain  John  Macdiarmid;  and  (2)  12th 

September  1854,  Elizabeth,  daughter  of  Hugh  Colquhoun,  Glasgow. 

.A 

ALLEN,  CHARLES  EDWARD.  24th  June  1835. 

Apprentice  to  Alexander  Pearson. — Son  of  John  Lee  Allen  of  Errol  Park 
^or»  16th  November  1810.    Dt'ecZ  at  Montreal  4th  July  1885,  unmarried.  \^ 

ALLESTER,  DAVID.  28th  June  1827. 

Apprentice  to  Thomas  Bums. — Son  of  William  Allester,  Writer  in  Edinburgh. 
Born  1802.  Died  29th  October  1851.  Mar.  9th  August  1838,  Agnes,  eldest 
daughter  of  Robert  Paul,  W.S. 

ALSTON,  GAVIN.  17th  November  1815. 

Apprentice  to  John  Granger. — Son  of  John  Alston,  in  Bothwellhaugh,  Parish  of 

Bothwell.    Died  16th  May  1820.    Mar.  20th  August  1817,  Jane,  only  daughter 

of  Captain  Thomson,  R.N. 

lA 

ALSTON,  WILLIAM.  18th  January  1749. 

Apprentice  to  Alexander  Stevenson  of  Montgreenan. — Died  5th  April  1775.   Mar. 

Janet  Clark.     Deputy  Auditor  of  Exchequer. 

ALVES,  ANDREW.  25th  September  1722. 

Apprentice  to,  and  son  of,  William  Alves,  W.S. — Died  23d  January  1760.         '•'' 

ALVES,  WILLIAM.  28th  June  1700. 

Apprentice  to  William  Russell. — Died  7th  September  1722.    Mar.  Ann  Hamilton. 

Under  Keeper  of  the  Signet,  9th  November  1709.   Joint  Deputy-Keeper,  1710-1 1. 
""  Commissary  of  Dumfries.     M.P.  for  Sanquhar,  1702-7. 

ANDERSON,  DAVID. 

Commissioner,  26th  December  1627. — Died  about  1635. 

ANDERSON,  DAVID.  18th  August  1731. 

Apprentice  to  William  Veitch. — Only  son  of  Andrew  Anderson,  Writer  in  Edin- 
burgL  Barn  1707.  Died  11th  January  1786.  Mar.  5th  November  1745,  Mary, 
daughter  of  John  Mitchelson  of  Middletou,  Mid-Lothian. 

ANDERSON,  DAVID  BROWN.  11th  July  1867. 

Apprentice  to  Mackenzie,  Innes,  and  Logan. — Second  son  of  William  Anderson 
of  Hallyards,  Peeblesshire,  Merchant  in  Leith.    Born  22d  March  1842. 

ANDERSON,  FRANCIS.  6th  December  1773. .  / 

Apprentice  to,  and  son  of,  David  Anderson,  W.S. — Died  27th  April  1823,  aged 
76.    Mar.  (1)  Miss  Martin,  and  (2)  Jane  Easton.    Deputy  Auditor  of  Exchequer. 


LIST  OF  MEMBERS  4ft 

ANDERSON,  FRxVNCIS.  '         1st  July  1837,  ' 

Apprentice  to  Tliomas  Cranston. — Fifth  son  of  John  Anderson  of  Inchyra, 
Perthshire.  Bom  19th  August  1804.  Dkd  18th  December  1855.  Mar.  24th 
October  1848,  Henrietta  Maria,  daughter  of  Rev.  Edward  Law,  D.D.,  British 
Chaplain  at  St.  Petersburg. 

ANDERSON,  HUGH  HODGSON.  14th  January  1890. 

Apprentice  to  Alexander  Paterson  Purves. — Younger  son  of  James  Anderson, 
Banker,  Leith.     Bom  24th  January  1867. 

ANDERSON,  J. 

Signs  Minute  of  17th  January  1606. 

ANDERSON,  JAMES.  6th  June  1691. 

Apprentice  to  Robert  Richardson. — Son  of  the  Rev.  Patrick  Anderson,  Minister 
at  Welstoune.  B<mi  5th  August  1662.  Died  2d  April  1728.  Mar.  daughter  of 
John  Ellis  of  Elliston,  Advocate.  Author  of  Dlplomata  Scot'm,  and  other  works. 
Fiscal,  5th  December  1698.  Postmaster-General  for  Scotland  from  June  1715  to 
29th  November  1717. 

ANDERSON,  JOHN.  19th  May  1629. 

Son  of  David  Anderson,  W.S. 

ANDERSON,  JOHN,  of  Inchyra.  12th  July  1779. 

Apprentice  to  Samuel  Mitchelson. — Third  son  of  David  Andei-son,  W.S.  Bmii 
4th  August  1754.  Dud  18th  June  1814.  Mar.  10th  August  1784,  Janet, 
daughter  of  Samuel  Mitchelson. 

ANDERSON,  JOHN.  24th  May  1821. 

Apprentice  to  James  Carnegy. — Third  son  of  Peter  Anderson,  Writer  in 
Inverness.  Born  1797.  Died  13th  November  1839.  Mar.  22d  April  1823, 
Elizabeth,  only  daughter  of  Alexander  Mackenzie  of  Woodside. 

ANDERSON,  JOHN.  27th  May  1824. 

Apprentice  to  Thomas  Cranston. — Fourth  son  of  John  Anderson,  W.S.  Born 
15th  June  1799.  Died  4th  May  1862.  Mar.  15th  October  1833,  Harriet,  second 
daughter  of  George  Carr,  of  Newcastle. 

ANDERSON,  JOHN  RAMSAY.  21st  October  1874. 

Apprentice  to  Frederick  Pitman. — Son  of  Francis  Anderson,  W.S.  Born  25th 
May  1851.  Mar.  5th  January  1875,  Elizabeth  Moore,  only  child  of  Admiral 
John  Hay,  of  the  Seggieden  family. 

ANDERSON,  PATRICK.  2d  December  1779. 

Apprentice  to  Walter  Scott. — Second  son  of  James  Anderson  of  Kingask  and 
Newbigging,  Advocate.  Diec^  24th  December  1809,  aged  54.  Mar.  14th  Septem- 
ber 1786,  Susan,  daughter  of  Rev.  Gilbert  Hamilton,  D.D.,  Minister  of  Craraond. 


6  THE  SOCIETY  OF  WEITEES  TO  THE  SIGNET 

ANDERSON,  PETER.  11th  December  1828. 

Apprentice  to  John  Tweedie. — Youngest  son  of  Adam  Anderson,  Merchant  in 
Edinburgh.  Bmn  1803.  Died  23d  November  1855.  Mar.  (1)  14th  October 
1834,  Frances,  daughter  of  Campbell  Gardner,  Edinburgh;  (2)  2d  December 
1850,  Agnes,  youngest  daughter  of  John  Anderson,  Henderland. 

ANDERSON,  ROBERT  SMITH.  16th  November  1831. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  Hugh  Rollo ;  (2)  Robert  W.  Niven ;  and  (3)  Anthony  Murray. 
— Son  of  Donald  Anderson,  Macer  to  the  Court  of  Justiciary.  Born  23d  May 
1809.  Died  January  1868.  Mar.  2d  January  1839,  Margaret  Kelly,  eldest 
daughter  of  James  M'Farlane  of  Balwill,  Stirlingshire. 

ANDERSON,  ROBERT  TROTTER.  29th  October  1888. 

Apprentice  to  Graham  C.  Somervell.— Son  of  Thomas  Anderson,  Merchant, 
Edinburgh.     Born  25th  September  1864. 

ANDERSON,  ROBERT  YOUNG.  13th  November  1816. 

Apprentice  to  William  Inglis.— Eldest  son  of  Robert  Anderson,  sometime 
Merchant  in  the  island  of  Antigua,  and  afterwards  in  Edinburgh.  Died  15th 
November  1851,  aged  59,  unmarried. 

ANDERSON,  SAMUEL.  12th  June  1818. 

Apprentice  to,  and  second  son  of,  John  Anderson,  W.S. — Bom  1791.  Di^  11th 
July  1849.  Mar.  (1)  30th  August  1824,  Anne,  eldest  daughter  of  James  Milnes, 
Heatherwick  House,  East-Lothian;  and  (2)  15th  May  1833,  Charlotte  Wilkinson. 

ANDERSON,  THOMAS  SCOTT.  24th  June  1830. 

Apprentice  to  John  Tweedie.— Son  of  Archibald  Anderson,  Merchant  in  Edin- 
burgh. Bm-n  1808.  Died  14th  September  1884.  Mar.  15th  July  1834,  Hannah, 
daughter  of  James  Lowthorp  of  Welton  Hall,  Yorkshire. 

ANDERSON,  WILLIAM.  24th  June  1774. 

Apprentice  to  Samuel  Mitchelson. — Son  of  Andrew  Anderson  of  Rashiegrain. 
Died  28th  October  1785.  Mar.  21st  March  1775,  Jenny,  daughter  of  George 
Clerk  Maxwell  of  DuncriefT,  Dumfriesshire. 

ANDERSON,  WILLIAM.  28th  November  1791. 

Apprentice  to  William  Dick. — Son  of  James  Anderson,  Merchant  in  Glasgow. 
Died  20th  October  1796. 

ANDRO,  JOHN. 

Commissioner,  16th  December  1594. 


LIST  OF  MEMBERS  T 

ANSTEUTHEE,  JAMES,  of  Treesbank.  22d  June  1826. 

Apprentice  to  John  Kerr.— Son  of  Colonel  Robert  Anstruther  of  the  Royal  Tay 
Fencibles.  Bm-n  16th  September  1803.  Died  19th  May  1867.  Mar.  (1)  27th 
March  1828,  Marion,  daughter  of  Sir  John  Anstruther,  Chief-Justice  of  Bengal ; 
(2)  11th  October  1866,  Anabella  Agnes,  eldest  daughter  of  Thomas  Anderson  of 
Glendrissaig,  Ayrshire,  Advocate. 

ANTHONE,  PATRICK.  12th  February  1701. 

Apprentice  to  James  Camegy. — Died  before  1708. 

ARBUTHNOT,  PETER.  13th  November  1678. 

Apprentice  to  Henry  Graham. — Brother  of  Alexander  Arbuthnot,  Merchant,  and 
one  of  the  Bailies  of  Dundee.     Died  6th  March  1704,  aged  52. 

ARCHIBALD,  HUGH,  of  Dankeith.  13th  January  1681. 

Apprentice  to  Archibald  Nisbet.  —  Jlfar.  Margaret  Campbell.     Di^  before  1705. 

ARMOUR,  JAMES.  2d  December  1723. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  Robert  Lines;  and  (2)  Andrew  Haliburton. — Died  23d  August 
1756.  Mar.  (1)  Isobel  Couter;  and  (2)  June  1736,  Euphemia,  daughter  of 
John  Deans  of  Woodhouselee,  Mid-Lothian. 

ARNOTT,  JAMES,  of  Leithfield.  21st  November  1815. 

Apprentice  to  John  Campbell  of  Annfield. — Son  of  James  Ariiott,  Farmer  in 
Arbikie,  Forfarshire.  Bom  1791.  Died  21st  December  1866.  Mar.  31st  October 
1835,  Emily  Sophia,  fourth  daughter  of  Edward  Fletcher  of  Corsock. 

ARNOTT,  JOHN.  20th  December  1821. 

Apprentice  to  John  Campbell. — Died  5th  April  1864,  aged  70,  unmarried. 

ARNOTT,  JOHN  WALICER.  25th  June  1829. 

Apprentice  to  ^neas  Macbean.— Son  of  David  Walker  Arnott,  of  Arlary,  Kinross- 
shire.    Born  21st  August  1806.     Died  23d  March  1850,  unmarried. 

ARNOTT,  THOMAS,  of  Chapel.  23d  June  1817. 

Apprentice  to  John  Ferrier. — Eldest  son  of  Robert  Arnott  of  Chapel,  Fifeshire. 
Died  27th  March  1865,  aged  73.  Mar.  13th  November  1838,  Jane  Arnot, 
youngest  daughter  of  the  Rev.  Andrew  Grant,  D.D.,  one  of  the  Ministers  of  St. 
Andrew's  Church,  Edinburgh. 

ASHER,  AUGUSTUS  GORDON  GRANT  15th  July  1889. 

Apprentice  to  Charles  Morton  and  John  Neilson. — Only  son  of  John  Gordon 
Asher,  M.D.,  Surgeon-Major  in  Bengal  Staff  Corps.     Bm-n  18th  December  1861. 

AUCHTERLONY,  JOHN.  27th  January  1699. 

Apprentice  to  John  Guthrie. — Died  21st  February  1716.     Mar.  Marjory  Graham. 


8  THE  SOCIETY  OF  WRITERS  TO   THE   SIGNET 

AULD,  HUGH.  13th  July  1871. 

Apprentice  to,  and  son  of,  John  Auld,  W.S. — Bom  25th  March  1845. 

AULD,  JOHN.  28th  November  1833. 

Apprentice  to  John  Mowbray. — Eldest  son  of  Hugh  Auld,  Cashier  of  the  Com- 
mercial Bank.  Bmii  2d  November  1810.  Died  28th  March  1875.  Mar.  11th 
June  1844,  Jane,  youngest  daughter  of  Robert  Johnstone,  Merchant,  Port-Glasgow. 

AULD,  JOHN  CARNEGIE,  29th  October  1880. 

Apprentice  to  Colin  Mackenzie,  A.  D.  M.  Black,  and  J.  M.  Mackenzie. — Second 
son  of  John  Auld,  "W.S.    Born  17th  February  1854. 

AUSTIN,  ROBERT  DAVID  JARDINE  MEIN.  14th  January  1890. 

Apprentice  to  Archibald  Steuart. — Son  of  Rev.  John  Mein  Austin,  of  St,  Mungo. 
Bwn  4th  July  1864.  ^. 

AYTOUN,  ROBERT,  of  Capledrae.  9th  June  1825. 

Apprentice  to  James  F.  Gordon. — Youngest  son  of  Major-General  Aytoun  of 
Inchdairnie.  Bm'n  17th  March  1799.  Died  9th  September  1874.  Mar.  17th 
May  1844,  Helene  Louisa  Adelaide,  daughter  of  George  Reid  Maugham,  London. 

AYTOUN,  ROGER,  of  Murieston.  8th  July  1790. 

Apprentice  to  Samuel  Mitchelson,  Junr. — Eldest  son  of  William  Aytoun,  W.S. 
Died  16th  March  1843,  aged  76.  Mar.  9th  March  1807,  Joan,  daughter  of  James 
Keir  of  Kinmonth,  Perthshire.    Director  in  Chancery  1837-43. 

AYTOUN,  WILLIAM.  16th  December  1760. 

Apprentice  to  James  Graham. — Second  son  of  Roger  Aytoun  of  Inchdairnie, 
Fifeshire.  Died  May  1780.  Mar.  3d  June  1766,  Isobel,  only  daughter  of  Colonel 
Patrick  Ekimonstone. 

AYTOUN,  WILLIAM  EDMONDSTOUNE.  14th  May  1835. 

Apprentice  to,  and  son  of,  Roger  Aytoun,  W.S. — Bom  21st  June  1813.  Died 
4th  August  1865.  Mar.  (1)  11th  April  1849,  Jane  Emily,  youngest  daughter  of 
Professor  John  Wilson,  "Christopher  North";  and  (2)  24th  December  1863, 
Feame  Jemima,  second  daughter  of  James  Kinnear,  W.S.  Author  of  Lays  of  tlie 
Scotti'yh  Cavaliers,  and  other  poems.  Admitted  Advocate,  20th  November  1840, 
Professor  of  Rhetoric  and  Belles-Lettres  in  the  University  of  Edinburgh,  1845. 
Sheriff  of  Orkney,  1852. 

BABINGTON,  WILLIAM.  17th  October  1878. 

Apprentice  to  James  Lindesay,  Junr. — Second  son  of  Lieutenant-Colonel 
William  Babington,  7th  Hussars.    Bo^ii  10th  Januaiy  1856. 

BAILLIE,  ANDREW.  20th  December  1682. 

Apprentice  to  Archibald  Nisljet.^i)i«(i  before  1694. 


LIST   OF  MEMBEES  9 

BAILLIE,  JAMES,  of  Hardington.  14th  April  1694. 

Apprentice  to  Audrew  Baillie. — Son  of  Alexander  Baillie  of  Hillhouse.  Bom 
1660.  Died  28th  July  1747.  Mar.  (1)  Elizabeth,  daughter  of  David  Johnston, 
Merchant  Burgess  of  Edinburgh ;  and  (2)  July  1704,  Anna,  daughter  of  George 
Livingstone  of  Saltcoats,  Haddingtonshire.     Treasurer,  1710-14. 

BAILLIE,  JAMES  WILLIAM,  of  Culterallers.  12th  November  1847. 

Apprentice  to  James  Mackenzie,  J.  B.  Innes,  and  John  Logan. — Son  of  Robert 
Granbery  Baillie  of  Culterallers.  Bm-n  15th  October  1824.  Died  30th  April 
1880.     Mar.  17th  March  1857,  Wilhelmina,  daughter  of  John  Ronald,  S.S.C. 

BAILLIE,  JOHN.  7th  September  1721. 

Apprentice  to  John  Stewart. — Son  of  James  Baillie,  Sherift-Clerk  of  Inverness. 
Bom  1689.     Died  9  th  January  1754.    Mar.  Catherine  Dunbar. 

BAILLIE,  THOMAS,  of  Polkemmet.  3d  May  1732. 

Apprentice  to  Robert  Hepburn. — Eldest  son  of  Thomas  Baillie  of  Polkemmet. 
Died  3d  February  1785.  Mar.  Isobel,  daughter  of  Mr.  Alexander  Walker, 
Minister  of  Kirkurd.    Father  of  Sir  William  Baillie,  Bart.,  Lord  Polkemmet. 

BAILLIE,  WILLIAM.  19th  November  1801. 

Apprentice  to  Charles  Innes. — Eldest  son  of  William  Baillie,  Commissary  Clerk 
of  Brechin.  Died  13th  February  1855,  aged  82.  Mar.  25  th  April  1808,  Grace 
Margaret,  daughter  of  John  Mackenzie  of  Dolphinton,  Lanarkshire.  Sheriff- 
Substitute  at  Dumfries  1815-39. 

BAILLIE,  WILLIAM,  of  Falahill.  21st  May  1829. 

Apprentice  to  Melville  Bui-d,  Thomas  Macmillan,  and  John  MiUer. — Son  of 
John  Baillie,  Edinburgh.     Born  1805.     Died  3d  December  1876,  unmarried. 

BAILLIE,  WILLIAM  ROBERT.  2d  June  1836. 

Apprentice  to  Andrew  Storie. — Son  of  William  Baillie,  W.S.  Born  30th 
November  1812.  Died  9th  August  1858.  Mar.  (1)  4th  October  1842,  Maria 
Inglis,  daughter  of  William  Young,  Writer  in  Kilmarnock;  and  (2)  15th 
February  1848,  Elizabeth,  daughter  of  Henry  Johnston,  Surgeon  in  Edinburgh. 

BAIRD,  JAMES,  OF  CHE.STERHALL.  19th  July  1697. 

Servitor  to  Sir  James  Ogilvie,  Principal  Secretary  of  State. — Eldest  sou  of  John 
Baird,  Bailie  in  CuUen.  Died  July  1741.  Mar.  (1)  1st  July  1697,  Margaret, 
daughter  of  John  Anderson,  Depute  Clerk  of  Justiciary;  (2)  15th  August  1706, 
Jean  Watson,  of  the  family  of  Bilton  Park,  Yorkshire ;  and  (3)  Mary,  daughter 
of  the  Rev.  James  Oswald,  minister  of  Watten. 

BAIRD,  JAMES  JOHN.  20th  December  1827. 

Apprentice  to  Alexander  Young. — Second  son  of  James  Baird  of  the  Shotts 
Ironworks.  Bmi  1804.  Died  11th  December  1831.  Mwr.  14th  April  1829, 
Ann,  daughter  of  Alexander  Dallas,  W.S. 

B 


10  THE  SOCIETY   Of  WRITHES   TO   THE  SIGNET 

BAIRD,  JOHN. 

Commissioner,  18th  October  1631. 

BAIRD,  JOHN.  26th  February  1824. 

Apprentice  to  ^neas  Macbean. — Son  of  John  Baird  of  Camelou,  Stirlingshire. 
Died  at  Calcutta  4th  September  1842,  aged  43,  unmanned. 

BAIRD,  JOHN  WARDEN.  4th  July  1828. 

Apprentice  to  John  Ferrier. — Son  of  Thomas  Walker  Baird,  Advocate.  Bom 
1799.     Died  1st  February  1875,  unmarried. 

BAIRNSFATHER,  HUGH.  21st  May  1806. 

Apprentice  to  Harry  Davidson. — Son  of  David  Bairnsfather,  Farmer  in  Harper- 
dean.  Died  25th  November  1812.  Mar.  1806,  Catherine,  daughter  of  Robert 
Walker  of  Whitelaw,  Haddington. 

BAIRNSFATHER,  PETER,  of  Dumbarrow.  17  th  May  1832. 

Apprentice  to  John  Russell. — Eldest  son  of  Hugh  Baimslather,  W.S.  Bmii  27th 
May  1809.  Died  31st  May  1890.  Mar.  7th  July  1840,  Sarah  Every,  daughter 
of  Major  William  Miller,  Royal  Horse  Guards. 

BALCANQUALL,  DAVID.  19th  July  1695. 

Apprentice  to  William  Thomson. — Died  27th  February  1702. 

BALDERSTON,  WILLIAM.  20th  November  1778. 

Apprentice  to  Walter  Scott. — Son  of  George  Balderston,  Surgeon  in  St. 
Christopher's  and  afterwards  in  Edinburgh.  Died  2d  Januaiy  1818.  Mar. 
29th  March  1796,  Helen,  second  daughter  of  William  Charles  Little  Gilmour  of 
Craigmillar,  Mid-Lothian. 

BALDERSTON,  WILLIAM  CHARLES.  25th  November  1824. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  William  Balderston,  and  (2)  William  Scott. — Eldest  son  of 
William  Balderston,  W.S.     Died  19th  April  1851,  aged  52,  unmarried. 

BALFOUR,  ANDREW.  3d  November  1686. 

Apprentice  to  George  Dallas  of  'Si.  ]\Iiirtins. — Died  November  1697.      Mar. 

(1)  Elizabeth,  daughter  of  George  Bayne,  Merchant  Burgess,  Edinburgh ;  and 

(2)  Margaret,  eldest  daughter  of  John  Wedderbum  of  Blackness,  Forfarshire. 

BALFOUR,  CHARLES.  9th  July  1821. 

Apprentice  to  Hugh  James  Rollo. — Son  of  John  Balfour,  Merchant  in  Glasgow. 
Born  4th  January  1798.  Died  22d  May  1856.  Mar.  1842,  Charlotte,  daughter 
of  Dugald  Macgregor,  Merchant,  Greenock. 

BALFOUR,  DAVID,  of  Somerside.  19th  July  1779. 

Apprentice  to  Samuel  Mitchelson. — Third  son  of  William  Balfour  of  Trenaby, 
Orkney.  Born  8th  November  1754.  Died  25th  May  1813.  Mar.  Marion, 
daughter  of  George  M'Intosh  of  Dunchattan. 


LIST  OF  MEMBEES  11 

BALFOUR,  DAVID,  of  Trenaby.  29th  June  1837. 

Apprentice  to  John  Mowbray. — Son  of  William  Balfour  of  Ellwick,  Orkney. 
Bam  14th  October  1811.  Dkd  19th  November  1887.  Mar.  12th  December 
1844,  Eleanor  Alder,  daughter  of  Captain  Samuel  Barker  Edmeston:  Author  of 
Odd  Rights  and  Feudal  Wrongs:  A  Mevunial  /<»■  Oi-kney.  Convener  for  the 
County  of  Orkney,  1854-87. 

BALFOUR,  GEORGE.  12th  March  1736. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  John  Mein,  and  (2)  Alexander  Stevenson  of  Montgreenan. — 
Son  of  James  Balfour  of  Pilrig.  Died  28th  March  1751.  Mar.  October  1739, 
Ann,  daughter  of  Alexander  Stevenson  of  Montgreenan,  W.S. 

BALFOUR,  JAMES.  26th  June  1769. 

Apprentice  to  John  Davidson. — Eldest  son  of  George  Balfour,  W.S.  Died  24th 
November  1806. 

BALFOUR,  JAMES,  of  Pilrig.  17th  February  1800. 

Apprentice  to  James  Gibson. — Eldest  son  of  John  Balfour,  younger  of  Pilrig. 
Born  7th  January  1774.  Died  20th  March  1860.  Mar.  24th  February  1806, 
Anne,  daughter  of  Captain  John  Mackintosh  of  Corribrough,  Inverness-shire. 

BALFOUR,  JAMES.  6th  June  1839. 

Apprentice  to,  and  second  son  of,  James  Balfour  of  Pilrig,  W.S. — Born  17th 
February  1815.  Mar.  15th  August  1844,  Eliza  Ogilvy,  daughter  of  James  Heriot 
of  Ramomie,  Fifeshire,  W.S. 

BALFOUR,  JAMES  HERIOT.  15th  October  1873. 

Apprentice  to,  and  eldest  son  of,  James  Balfour,  W.S. — Bom  8th  July  1845. 
Mar.  21st  November  1878,  Mary  Louisa,  elder  daughter  of  Sir  David  Dundas  of 
Beechwood  and  Dunira,  Bart. 

BALFOUR,  JOHN. 

Signs  Minute  of  17th  January  1606.     DM  about  1628. 

BALFOUR,  JOHN  LEWIS  GRAHAM.  1st  June  1820. 

Apprentice  to  James  Gibson. — Son  of  John  Balfour  of  Sauchrie.  Died  4th  April 
1866,  aged  71.  Mar.  5th  October  1824,  Alexis,  eldest  daughter  of  Charles 
Mercer,  Allan  Park,  Stirling. 

BALFOUR,  LESLIE  MELVILLE.  17th  July  1879. 

Apprentice  to  James  Mylne. — Sixth  son  of  James  Balfour,  W.S.  Bo)-n  9th 
March  1854.  Mar.  25th  November  1879,  Jeaiiie  A.,  eldest  daughter  of  William 
Wilson,  M.D.,  and  niece  of  the  Right  Hon.  John  Inglis,  Lord  Justice-General. 


12  THE   SOCIETY   OF  WEITEES   TO   THE   SIGNET 

BALFGUR-MELVILLE,  JOHN  MACKINTOSH,  of  Pilrig  and  Strathkinness. 

5th  March  1835. 
Apprentice  to,  and  eldest  son  of,  James  Balfour  of  Pilrig. — Born  23d  September 
1811.      Mar.    21st  September  1841,  Anne,   daughter  of  Harry   Rainy,  M.D., 
Professor  of  Forensic  Medicine  in  the  University  of  Glasgow. 

BALFOUR,  WILLIAM.  27th  June  1820. 

Apprentice  to  James  Hamilton. — Son  of  William  Balfour,  Surgeon  in  Edinburgh. 
Brn-n  1794.     Died  30th  September  1873,  unmarried. 

BALLANTYNE,  WILLIAM,  of  Shirva.  30th  June  1801. 

Apprentice  to  John  Hunter. — Second  son  of  James  Ballantyne,  Merchant  in 
Glasgow.     Died  1st  May  1827. 

BALLINGAL,  ANDREW  HUNTER.  6th  June  1867. 

Apprentice  to  John  Dundas,  William  Wilson,  and  A.  M.  Bell. — Second  son  of 
William  Ballingal,  Factor,  Sweetbank,  Fifeshire.  Born  21st  July  1841.  Mar. 
6th  September  1876,  Ellen,  elder  daughter  of  Archibald  Bums  and  Ellen 
Caroline  Macpherson  Macdonald  of  Glencoe. 

BALLINGALL,  GEORGE.  DAVID.  15th  July  1886. 

Apprentice  to  William  Stuart  Eraser.— Eldest  son  of  David  Ballingall,  Factor, 
Blair-Drummond,  Perthshire.  Bmi  2d  March  1852.  Mar.  17th  April  1888, 
Annie  Niven  Maclean,  daughter  of  Robert  K.  Mastertoii,  Edinburgh. 

BANNATYNE,  JAMES,  of  Kiretoun  of  Newtyle. 

Son  of  Thomas  Banuatyne,  Senator  of  the  College  of  Justice.  Commissioner,  4th 
December  1595.     Depute  Clerk  of  Justiciary. 

BANNATYNE,  JOHN. 

Signs  the  Acts  26th  December  1627. 

BANNATYNE,  or  BALLANTYNE,  PATRICK. 
Commissioner,  1st  June  1607. 

BANNERMAN,  ALEXANDER.  18th  September  1714. 

Apprentice  to  Andrew  Haliburton. — Died  about  1724. 

BANNERMAN,  CHARLES.  5th  July  1742. 

Apprentice  to  George  Chalmers. — Second  son  of  Patrick  Bannerman,  Merchant, 
and  Lord  Provost  of  Aberdeen.     Died  6th  February  1747,  unmarried. 

BANNERMAN,  JAMES  PATRICK.  24th  October  1879, 

Apprentice  to  the  Hon.  J.  W.  Moncreiff. — Second  son  of  the  Rev.  James 
Bannerman,  D.D.,  Professor  of  Divinity,  New  College,  Edinburgh.  Bm-n  8th 
August  1854. 


LIST   OF  MEMBERS  13 

BAEBOUR,  PETER.  29th  July  1633. 

Apprentice  to  Robert  Wallace. — Died  before  1669.  Mar.  Isabell  Carmichaell. 
Re-admitted  21st  November  1661. 

BARCLAY,  ANTHONY.  20th  June  1769. 

Apprentice  to  Alexander  M'Millan. — Son  of  John  Barclay,  Writing-master  in 
Dundee.  Died  27th  September  1811.  Mar.  22d  December  1801,  Grace,  eldest 
daughter  of  the  Rev.  Patrick  Grant,  Minister  of  Cromdale. 

BARCLAY,  JAMES  ROBERTSON,  of  Keavil.  25th  February  1740. 

Apprentice  to  Hew  Crawford. — Son  of  George  Robertson  of  Craigarnhall.  Died 
8th  July  1792.  Mar.  24th  September  1744,  Isobel,  second  daughter  of  Robert 
Wellwood  of  Garvock,  Fifeshire. 

BARRON,  GEORGE.  4th  June  1829. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  Robert  Burnett,  and  (2)  Alexander  Donald. — Son  of  John 
Barron,  Aberdeen.  Died  11th  August  1851,  aged  51.  Mar.  26th  December 
1837,  Elizabeth,  second  daughter  of  Alexander  Adie,  Optician,  Edinburgh. 

BAUCHOP,  JAMES  CALDER.  10th  December  1840. 

Apprentice  to  Robert  Rutherford. — Only  son  of  Robert  Bauchop,  residing  at 
Dens,  near  Bo'ness.     Born  1814.    Died  1852,  unmarried. 

BAXTER,  CHARLES.  27th  July  1871. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  Edmund  Baxter,  and  (2)  T.  G.  Murray  and  J.  A.  Jamieson. — 
Son  of  Edmund  Baxter,  W.S.  Born  27th  December  1848.  Ma/r.  24th  July  1877, 
Grace  Roberta  Louisa,  youngest  daughter  of  Major-General  Robert  Stewart, 
H.E.I.C.S. 

BAXTER,  EDMUND.  11th  July  1837. 

Apprentice  to  Allan  Macdougall. — Born  12th  April  1813.  Mar.  30th  March 
1847,  Mary,  daughter  of  William  Turnbull  of  Forthbank,  Stiilingshire.  Auditor 
of  the  Court  of  Session,  1866. 

BAXTER,  JAMES.  5th  December  1811. 

Apprentice  to  John  Dundas. — Son  of  the  Rev.  Colin  Baxter,  Minister  of 
Monzievaird.     Died  18th  May  1864,  aged  78,  unmarried. 

BAYLEY,  GEORGE.  18th  June  1856. 

Apprentice  to  Thomas  Elder  M'Ritchie. — Eldest  son  of  Isaac  Bayley  of  Manuel, 
Stirlingshire,  S.S.C.  Born  12th  October  1831.  Mar.  24th  March  1863,  Helen 
Christian,  youngest  daughter  of  William  Hunt  of  Navity,  Fifeshire,  W.S. 

BAYNE,  JOHN. 

Signs  the  Acts  26tb  December  1627. 


14  THE   SOCIETY  OF  WEITEES   TO  THE  SIGNET 

BAYNE,  JOHN.  25th  February  1635. 

Apprentice  to  Cuthbert  Miller. — Second  son  of  John  Bayne,  W.S.  Struck  off 
the  Roll  of  Society,  8th  January  1666,  having  been  appointed  Sheriff-Clerk  of 
Berwickshire. 

BAYNE,  JOHN,  of  Pitcairly.  9th  January  1655. 

Apprentice  to  John  Semple. — Son  of  Donald  Bayne.  Died  28th  January  1681, 
aged  60.  Mar.  Euphan  Aikman,  sister  of  Andrew  Aikman,  "W.S.  Ke-admitted 
8th  July  1661. 

BAYNE,  JOHN.  9th  June  1825. 

Apprentice  to  John  Mowbray. — Son  of  John  Bayne,  Schoolmaster  in  Leith. 
Born  1795.  Died  10th  May  1843.  3Iar.  20th  July  1831,  Jessie,  daughter  of 
James  Cassie  of  Banff.     Lecturer  on  Conveyancing  to  the  Juridical  Society. 

BEATOUN,  ALEXANDER,  of  Langhermiston.  13th  March  1650. 

Apprentice  to  Alexander  Douglas. — Second  son  of  Alexander  Beatoun,  Burgess 
of  Anstruther.  Died  9th  November  1672,  aged  57.  Mar.  1642,  Marjory 
Kennedie.     Re-admitted  21st  November  1661. 

BEATSON,  ALEXANDER.  20th  June  1793. 

Apprentice  to  Alexander  Mackenzie. — Son  of  the  Rev.  David  Beatson,  Minister 
of  Dunbamey.     Died  10th  October  1806. 

BEATSON,  ROBERT.  13th  May  1869. 

Apprentice  to  Alexander  Hamilton  and  George  Thomas  Kinnear. — Son  of 
Robert  Beatson,  Writer  in  Edinburgh.  Born  1st  November  1833.  Mar.  21st 
October  1879,  Mary  Editha,  second  daughter  of  Robert  Tod,  M.D.,  Dysart. 

BEGG,  ANDREW  VANNAN,  B.L.  16th  July  1889. 

Apprentice  to  R  W.  Wallace. — Son  of  John  Begg,  Ironmaster,  Kinniel,  Bo'ness, 
Bom  15th  April  1857. 

BEITH,  DONALD.  17th  July  1862. 

Apprentice  to  James  Greig  and  Charles  Morton. — Son  of  Gilbert  Beith,  residing 
in  Lochgilphead.  Bo)-n  25th  November  1815.  Mar.  16th  November  1870, 
Mina  Maria,  third  daughter  of  James  Balfour,  and  widow  of  Andrew  Murray, 
Jun.,  W.S.    Admitted  S.S.C.  1850. 

BEITH,  ROBERT  DONALD.  19th  July  1872. 

Apprentice  to  Andrew  Murray,  Junr.,  and  Donald  Beith,  his  uncle. — Son  of  the 
Rev.  Alexander  Beith,  D.D.,  Minister  of  the  Free  North  Church,  Stirling.  Bm-n 
16th  October  1844. 

BELL,  ALAN  RUTHERFORD,  of  Hillowton.  6th  February  1888. 

Apprentice  to  David  Wardlaw. — Son  of  John  Bell  of  Hillowton,  Kirkcudbright- 
shire.    Born  Ist  November  1862. 


LIST   OF  MEMBERS  15 

BELL,  ALEXANDER  MONTGOMERIE.  5th  March  1835. 

Apprentice  to  James  Dundas. — Son  of  John  Bell,  Merchant  in  Paisley.  Bom 
4th  December  1809.  Died  19th  January  1866.  Mar.  21st  June  1836,  Margaret, 
eldest  daughter  of  Hugh  Colquhoun,  Merchant  in  Glasgow.  Professor  of 
Conveyancing  in  the  University  of  Edinburgh,  1856-66.  Author  of  Lectures 
on  Conveyancing. 

BELL,  BENJAMIN  WILLIAM.  13th  June  1833. 

Apprentice  to,  and  son  of,  William  Bell,  W.^.—Bmii  23d  July  1810.  Died  22d 
August  1840,  unmarried. 

BELL,  CARLYLE  6th  March  1810. 

Apprentice  to  Thomas  Cranston. — Youngest  son  of  Thomas  Bell,  Merchant  in 
London.  Died  27th  August  1850,  aged  71.  Mar.  (1)  25th  December  1806, 
Joan,  daughter  of  the  Rev.  Robert  Home,  Minister  of  Polwarth;  and  (2)  13th 
July  1821,  Jean  Dickie,  eldest  daughter  of  Charles  Cuningham  of  Newholm, 
W.S. 

BELL,  CHARLES,  of  Craigfoodie.  19th  August  1700. 

Apprentice  to  William  Dykes. — Son  of  Robert  Bell,  W.S.  Died  May  1731. 
Mar.  April  1706,  Elizabeth,  daughter  of  the  Rev.  Andrew  Ury,  Minister  of 
Muiravonside. 

BELL,  CHARLES  YOUNG  BEATSON.  13th  November  1862. 

Apprentice  to,  and  son  of,  John  Beatson  Bell,  W.S.—£mi  1835.  Died  26th 
April  1868,  unmarried. 

BELL,  GIDEON  WILLIAM,  of  Fourtoun.  30th  June  1831. 

Apprentice  to  William  Scott  and  Gilbert  Laurie  Finlay. — Son  of  William  Bell, 
Farmer,  Swintonhill,  Berwickshire.  Bwn  14th  August  1805.  Died  4th  March 
1887.  Mar.  10th  October  1855,  Barbara  Leonora,  second  daughter  of  General 
Alexander  Dirom.  * 

BELL,  HAMILTON.  8th  August  1785. 

Apprentice  to  Walter  Ross.— Son  of  John  Bell,  Stabler  in  Edinburgh.  Died 
6th  May  1807. 

BELL,  JOHN.  23d  June  1757. 

Apprentice  to  Hew  Crawford.— Second  son  of  John  Bell  of  Alderston.  Died 
12th  July  1776.  3Iar.  14th  March  1774,  Clementina,  daughter  of  John  Blair  of 
Dunskey,  Wigtownshire. 

BELL,  JOHN,  OF  Greenhill.  24th  November  1774. 

Apprentice  to  John  Bell.— Eldest  son  of  Richard  Bell  of  Between-the- Waters. 
Died  1776. 


16  THE  SOCIETY   OF  WEITEES  TO   THE  SIGNET 

BELL,  JOHN,  OF  Craigeoch.  8th  May  1798. 

Apprentice  to  James  Dundas. — Eldest  son  of  John  Bell,  W.S.  Died  15th 
November  1852,  unmarried. 

BELL,  JOHN,  OF  Castlecreavie.  21st  January  1874. 

Apprentice  to  William  Waddell. — Son  of  William  Bell  of  Gribdae,  Kirkcud- 
brightshire. Born  17th  July  1848.  Mar.  14th  April  1879,  Agnes,  eldest 
surviving  daughter  of  James  Newall  of  Goldielea,  Kirkcudbrightshire.  Deputy 
Keeper  of  the  Great  Seal,  1882. 

BELL,  JOHN  BEATSON,  of  Kilduncan.  28th  Febniary  1828. 

Apprentice  to  Charles  Nairne. — Eldest  son  of  the  Rev.  Andrew  Bell  of  Kildun- 
can, Minister  of  Crail.  Born  1802.  i^i«(n 5th  May  1868.  ilfar.  16th  December 
1830,  Ann,  eldest  daughter  of  Charles  Young,  Merchant  in  Leith. 

BELL,  JOHN  MONTGOMERIE.  27th  November  1862. 

Apprentice  to,  and  sou  of,  Alexander  Montgomerie  Bell,  W.S.—Born  28th  May 
1837.  Mar.  26th  July  1870,  Elizabeth  Jane,  daughter  of  Henry  Simpson, 
Selville,  Portobello. 

BELL,  MATTHEW  MONTGOMERIE.  26th  May  1864. 

Apprentice  to  John  Dundas,  William  Wilson,  and  Alexander  Montgomerie 
Bell. — Son  of  John  Montgomerie  Bell,  Advocate,  Sheriff  of  Kincardineshire. 
Born  5th  March  1840.  3Iar.  4th  April  1877,  Jane  Caroline,  second  surviving 
daughter  of  James  Cockburn,  Rampore,  Bauleah,  Bengal. 

BELL,  RICHARD,  of  Castle  O'er  and  Crurie.  2d  August  1859. 

Apprentice  to  James  Steuart. — Son  of  George  Graham  Bell  of  Crurie,  Advocate. 
Bom  12th  September  1833.  Mar.  (1)  29th  July  1864,  Jane,  daughter  of 
William  Aitchison  of  Briery  Hill;  (2)  19th  June  1878,  Margaret  Elizabeth, 
daughter  of  Captain  David  Marshall,  H.E.I.C.S. ;  and  (3)  14th  September  1880, 
Henrietta  May,  second  surviving  daughter  of  S.  H.  May  Somerville  of 
Whitecroft. 

BELL,  ROBERT.  22d  June  1784. 

Apprentice  to  William  Macdonald. — Eldest  son  of  Rev.  William  Bell,  one  of  the 
Ministers  of  Edinburgh.  Died  Ist  November  1816.  Mar.  Mary  Hamilton, 
granddaughter  of  Claud  Hamilton,  Writer,  Maybole.  Admitted  Advocate,  4th 
July  1812.  Lecturer  on  Conveyancing.  Author  of  A  Dictionary  of  the  Law  of 
Scotland,  and  other  legal  works. 

BELL,  ROBERT.  29th  November  1673. 

Apprentice  to  Patrick  Don. — Died  February  1685.  Mar.  March  167^, 
Margaret  Lumsden. 


LIST  OF  MEMBEES  17 

BELL,  ROBERT  CEAIGIE.  26th  May  1864. 

Apprentice  to  John  Ord  Mackenzie  and  William  Robert  Baillie. — Second  son  of 
Benjamin  Bell,  Surgeon  in  Edinburgh.  Bm-n  13th  September  1840.  Mar.  20th 
July  1866,  Isabella  Moubray,  daughter  of  Rev.  Lewis  Hay  Irving,  Free  Church 
Minister,  Falkirk. 

BELL,  WILLIAM.  16th  June  1807. 

Apprentice  to  Hugh  Corrie. — Third  son  of  Benjamin  Bell  of  Hunthill,  Surgeon 
in  Edinburgh.  Bmrn  1783.  Mar.  11th  September  1809,  Margaret  Jane,  daughter 
of  John  Craigie  of  Glendoick.     Died  19th  June  1849.     Crown  Agent,  1840-1. 

BENNET,  JAMES  11th  December  1828. 

Apprentice    to   Alexander   Robertson. — Son   of  James    Bennet,    Merchant    in 

Buckie.  Died  1859,  aged  65.  Mar.  25th  April  1825,  Margaret,  only  daughter 
of  William  M'Kimmie,  Elgin. 

BENNETT,  ALEXANDER.  5th  March  1835. 

Apprentice  to,  and  eldest  son  of,  William  Bennett,  W.S. — Born  25th  September 
1811.     Died  17th  February  1855.     Mar.  9th  March  1846,  Isabella  Nelson. 

BENNETT,  WILLIAM.  18th  November  1817. 

Apprentice  to  Thomas  Scott. — Son  of  Andrew  Bennett,  Farmer  at  Brunstane, 
Mid-Lothian.     Died  7th  January  1843,  aged  62. 

BERRY,  WILLIAM,  of  Tayfield.  16th  January  1798. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  Lawrence  Hill  and  (2)  Harry  Davidson. — Son  of  John  Berry 
of  Bogie  and  Tayfield,  Fifeshire.  Born  23d  March  1774.  Died  9th  December 
1852.     Mar.  23d  September  1823,  Isabella  Henderson. 

BERTRAM,  JOHN  PRIMEROSE.  11th  June  1829. 

Apprentice  to  James  Nairne. — Eldest  son  of  John  Bertram,  Com  Merchant  in 
St.  Andrews.  Bom  1803.  Died  16th  October  1849.  Mar.  1st  October  1833, 
Georgina,  third  daughter  of  James  Turnbull. 

BEVERIDGE,  JAMES.  18th  December  1826. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  Robert  Graham  and  (2)  Adam  M'Cheyne. — Son  of  William 
Beveridge,  W.S.  Bwn  1800.  Died  16th  August  1869.  Mar.  (1)  Louisa  Fuche  ; 
and  (2)  4th  September  1855,  Matilda  Wynne. 

BEVERIDGE,  THOMAS  KNOX.  27th  June  1833. 

Apprentice  to  John  Murray. — Son  of  Thomas  Beveridge,  Writer  in  Edinburgh 
Born  1st  August  1807.  Died  11th  April  1858.  Mar.  22d  April  1834,  Ann, 
youngest  daughter  of  Dr.  Patrick  Mushet,  of  Birkhill,  Stirlingshire. 

BEVERIDGE,  WILLIAM.  8th  August  1785. 

Apprentice  to  James  Thomson. — Second  son  of  James  Beveridge,  Writer  in 
Edinburgh.     Died  5th  Jufie  1807,  aged  43.     Mar.  Barbara  May. 

c 


18  THE  SOCIETY  OF  WKITEES  TO  THE  SIGNET 

BICKARTOUN,  HAERY. 

Commissioner  16th  December  1594.    Fiscal,  1598-1604.    Mar.  Violet  Tuedy. 

BILTON,  LEWIS.  16th  November  1871. 

Apprentice  to  John  M.  Lindsay  and  Alexander  Howe. — Son  of  Captain  Lewis 
Bilton,  R.N.  Born  16th  October  1843.  Mar.  11th  June  1873,  Hannah  Marion, 
youngest  daughter  of  John  Doriin  Grayson,  Shipbuilder,  Liverpool. 

BINNING,  ALEXANDER  MONRO,  of  Auchenbowie.  5th  March  1829. 

Apprentice  to  James  Dundas. — Son  of  David  Monro  Binning  of  Softlaw.  Born 
28th  May  1805.  3far.  4th  August  1835,  Harriet,  daughter  of  Dr.  Alexander 
Monro  of  Craiglockhart,  Mid-Lothian. 

BINNY,  GRAHAM.  12th  November  1829. 

Apprentice  to  James  Laidlaw  Mitchell. — Son  of  Andrew  Binny  of  the  Excise, 
Dundee.  Bmii  2d  August  1800.  Died  12th  November  1882.  Mar.  31st  July 
1826,  Marianne,  daughter  of  Thomas  Kyd,  of  the  Exchequer,  Edinburgh. 

BINNY,  JOHN.  15th  March  1861. 

Apprentice  to,  and  son  of,  Graham  Binny,  W.S. — Born  6th  July  1837.  Died 
13th  July  1873.  Mar.  26th  August  1869,  Euphemia  Bremner,  daughter  of 
David  Crole,  Solicitor  to  Inland  Revenue,  Edinburgh. 

BIRRELL,  GEORGE.  1st  July  1824. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  Henry  Moncreiff,  and  (2)  James  Stuart. — Son  of  George 
Birrell,  of  Hon.  East  India  Company's  Service.  Boi-n  1800.  Vied  9th  March 
1837.  Mar.  29th  December  1832,  Lucy,  eldest  daughter  of  Hon.  Charles  Chip- 
chase,  Comptroller  of  the  Customs,  island  of  St.  Lucia.  Barrister  of  the  Inner 
Temple  and  Senior  Member  of  Legislative  Council  of  St.  Lucia;  Attorney- 
General  of  Bahamas. 

BIRS,  SAMUEL.  \ 

Signs  Minute  of  17th  January  1606. — Son  of  Alexander  Birs,  Tailor  Burgess  of 
Edinburgh.     Died  25th  December  1616. 

BISHOP,  WILLIAM  CLARK.  18th  January  1877. 

Apprentice  to  John  Dundas  and  William  Wilson. — Son  of  John  Baillie  Bishop, 
Secretary  of  the  Royal  Bank  of  Scotland.  Bom  10th  November  1849.  Mar. 
14th  October  1880,  Mary,  daughter  of  John  Jamieson  of  Kingask,  Fifeshire. 

BISSET,  HABAKKUK. 

Reputed  Author  of  Ane  sluyrt  form  of  Process,  1609. — Clerk  to  Sir  John  Skene, 
Lord  Clerk  Register.  Suspended  for  having  no  gown  9th  March  1610.  Was 
one  of  the  greatest  oddities  of  his  time. 

BISSET,  ROBERT. 

Mentioned  1609. 


LIST   OF   MEMBERS  19 

BLACK,  ALEXANDER  DAVID  MARTIN.  29th  November  1866. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  David  M.  Black,  and  (2)  Colin  Mackenzie. — Son  of  the  Rev. 
Patrick  Black,  residing  at  Worcester,  Cape  Colony.  Born  24th  September  1843. 
Mar.  (!)  6th  December  1866,  Catherine  Gibson  Ramsay,  only  daughter  of  James 
Hackings,  Inveresk;  and  (2)  10th  September  1872,  his  cousin,  Mary  Helen,  only 
daughter  of  Alexander  Schulze,  M.D.,  Victoria. 

BLACK,  ALEXANDER  WILLIAM.  19th  October  1885. 

Apprentice  to  John  William  Young  and  John  Blair. — Son  of  the  Rev.  James 
Black,  Minister  of  the  Free  Church  of  Dunnikier.  Bwn  28th  February  1859. 
Mar.  17th  October  1888,  Ellinor,  youngest  daughter  of  Admiral  Thomas  Wilson, 
C.B.,  Edinburgh. 

BLACK,  DAVID  MARTIN.  20th  December  1821. 

Apprentice  to  Alexander  L.  Ramage,  John  Blair,  and  William  Bell. — Second  son 
of  the  Rev.  Alexander  Black,  Minister  of  the  Associate  Burgher  Congregation  at 
Musselburgh.     Dkd  5th  April  1865,  aged  68,  unmarried. 

BLACKBURN,  RICHARD  FREDERICK.  29th  October  1880. 

Apprentice  to  C.  Mackenzie,  A.  D.  M.  Black,  and  J.  M.  Mackenzie. — Son  of 
Robert  Bogle  Blackburn,  Advocate,  Sheriff  of  Stirling  and  Dumbarton.  £or7i  17th 
July  1854.    Died  18th  September  1884,  unmarried. 

BLACKIE,  DAVID.  30th  November  1819. 

Apprentice  to  James  Little. — Second  son  of  Robert  Blackie,  Merchant  in  Kirk- 
cudbright. Born  1795.  Died  2d  September  1832.  Mar.  2d  August  1825, 
Margaret,  only  daughter  of  David  Briggs  of  Strathairly,  Fifeshire.  Editor  Edin- 
burgh Evening  Post. 

BLACKWOOD,  JAMES.  21st  December  1837. 

Apprentice  to  Donald  Home. — Son  of  William  Blackwood,  Publisher  in  Edin- 
burgh.   Boi-n  6th  July  1814.    Died  17th  October  1871,  unmarried. 

BLAIR,  ALEXANDER.  14th  July  1628. 

Apprentice  to  Robert  Wynram. 

BLAIR,  ALEXANDER,  of  Dunrod.  22d  November  1790. 

Apprentice  to  John  Hunter. — Only  sou  of  Hugh  Blair  of  Dunrod,  Kirkcudbright- 
shire. Bm-n  8th  September  1766.  Died  24th  June  1844.  Mar.  24th  July  1800, 
Agnes,  second  daughter  of  Sir  David  Maxwell  of  Cardoness,  Bart. 

BLAIR,  ALEXANDER  STEVENSON.  28th  October  1889. 

Apprentice  to  J.  P.  Wright  and  R.  B.  Blyth. — Eldest  son  of  Patrick  Blair, 
Advocate,  Sheriff-Substitute  of  Inverness-shire.    B&rn  3d  June  1865. 

BLAIR,  GAVIN,  of  Braxfield. 

Brother  of  Rev.  James  Blair,  Minister  of  Port  Montgomerie.  Died  1632.  M.P. 
Lanark,  1617-1621.     Purchased  lands  of  Braxfield  1613. 


so  THE  SOCIETY   OF  WKITEES   TO   THE   SIGNET 

BLAIR,  GAVINE.  9th  June  1629.   ^ 

Apprentice  to  Sir  William  Scott  of  Elie  and  Arthur  Hamilton. 

BLAIR,  HUGH,  of  Auchenreoch.  22d  November  1827. 

Apprentice  to,  and  son  of,  Alexander  Blair,  W.S. — Born  2l8t  March  1806.  Died 
5th  January  1878.  Mar.  8th  November  1833,  Ann  Gordon,  daughter  of  Patrick 
Sanderson,  of  Sir  William  Forbes  and  Company,  Bankers,  Edinburgh. 

BLAIR,  JOHN.  21st  December  1809. 

Apprentice  to  Robert  Boswell. — Eldest  son  of  John  Blair  of  Gavshake,  Merchant 
in  Glasgow.  Born  1779.  Died  21st  April  1858.  Mar.  24th  December  1813,  his 
cousin,  Margaret,  third  daughter  of  Horatius  Cannan,  W.S. 

BLAIR,  JOHN.  17th  October  1878. 

Apprentice  to  John  William  Young. — Second  son  of  William  Blair,  Dairy,  Ayr- 
shire.—.B(?r»  22d  December  1839.  Mar.  22d  June  1869,  Ann  MiUer,  youngest 
daughter  of  James  Mather,  Mariouville,  Trinity. 

BLAIR,  PATRICK.  .  9th  February  1860. 

Apprentice  to  James  Shepherd,  T.  M.  Grant,  and  William  Cuthbertson.— Second 
son  of  Hugh  Blair,  W.S.  Born  4th  October  1836.  Mar.  3d  December  1873, 
Hon.  Eleonora  Jane  Ross,  daughter  of  James,  Lord  Moncreiff  of  Tulliebole. 

BLAIR,  WILLIAM.  9th  August  1782. 

Apprentice  to  Isaac  Grant. — Second  son  of  William  Blair  of  Thomhill.  Died  12th 
May  1800.    Mar.  Ann  Blair. 

BLANE,  ANDREW,  of  Blanefield.  24th  November  1774. 

Apprentice  to  Allan  Clarke. — Eldest  son  of  Gilbert  Blane  of  Blanefield.  Born 
1744.    Died  9th  October  1839,  unmarried.     Sheriff-Clerk  of  Ayrshire,  1815-21. 

BLYTH,  ROBERT  BRITTAIN.  19th  April  1876. 

Apprentice  to  Alexander  Hamilton,  G.  T.  Kinnear,  and  Robert  Beatson. — Second 
son  of  Benjamin  Hall  Blyth,  Civil  Engineer  in  Edinburgh.  Born  13th  December 
1850.     Died  8th  September  1886,  unmarried. 

BOGLE,  ANDREW.  26th  May  1842. 

Apprentice  to  Harry  Davidson. — Son  of  Andrew  Bogle,  Cashier  of  the  Royal 
Bank  of  Scotland.  Barn  23d  March  1811.  Dial  4th  October  1871.  Mar.  7th 
April  1863,  Margaret  Robertson,  daughter  of  John  M'Kean,  W.S. 

BOGLE,  JOHN,  of  Bogleshole.  22d  September  1713. 

Died  September  1743.    Clerk,  21st  January  1712.    Mar.  Isobel  Henderson. 

BOGUE,  JOHN,  OF  Hallydown.  21st  June  1787. 

Apprentice  to  Thomas  Cockburn. — Son  of  John  Bogue  of  Hallydown,  Berwick- 
shire. Bffrn  1740.  Died  7th  September  1818.  Mar.  August  1767,  Margai-et, 
daughter  of  Henry  Anderson,  farmer,  Broughton,  Edinburgh. 


LIST   OF   MEMBERS  r-  21 

BONAR,  HORATIUS.  22d  January  1874. 

Apprentice  to  Thomas  Thomson  and  David  Scott  Dickson. — Third  son  of  Rev. 
John  James  Bonar,  D.D.,  Minister  of  St.  Andrew's  Free  Church,  Greenock.  Bwn 
31st  July  1843.  Mar.  25th  July  1883,  Mary,  younger  daughter  of  Thomas 
Thomson,  W.S. 

BONAR,  JAMES.  22d  November  1827. 

Apprentice  to  Charles  Tawse. — Eldest  son  of  James  Bonai',  Solicitor  of  Excise, 
Edinburgh.  Bom  1801.  Died  11th  July  1867.  Mar.  7th  December  1859, 
Caroline,  daughter  of  Alexander  Glennie,  of  Maybank,  Aberdeenshire. 

BOOTH,  JOSEPH.  9th  December  1830. 

Apprentice  to  James  Shepherd. — Son  of  George  Booth,  residing  at  Springbank, 
near  Aberdeen.     Died  August  1871,  aged  68,  unmarried. 

BORTHWICK,  JAMES. 

Commissioner,  16th  December  1594.     Died  circa  1606. 

BORTHWICK,  LOUIS.  28th  February  1828. 

Apprentice  to  William  Bell. — Third  son  of  John  Borthwick  of  Crookston, 
Mid-Lothian.  Born  1801.  Died  22d  September  1876.  Mar.  19th  July  1844, 
Susan,  third  daughter  of  John  Westgarth,  Surveyor  of  Customs. 

BOSWELL,  ALEXANDER.  8th  December  1808. 

Apprentice  to,  and  second  son  of,  Robert  Boswell,  W.S. — Born  1781.  Died  30th 
August  1850.  Mar.  30th  August  1803,  Mary,  daughter  of  John  Sandeman, 
Perth.    Sheriff-Substitute  of  Berwicksliire,  1836-50. 

BOSWELL,  ROBERT,  of  St.  Boswells.  25th  February  1773. 

Apprentice  to  Thomas  Tod. — Second  son  of  Dr.  John  Boswell,  Pliysician  in 
Edinburgh.  Bm-ii  30th  January  1746.  Dial  1st  April  1804.  Mar.  June  1769, 
Sibella,  daughter  of  William  Sandeman,  Merchant,  Pertli.  Lyon  Depute  and 
Clerk,  2d  November  1770. 

BOW,  HENRY  HARDIE.  17th  November  1825. 

Apprentice  to  Alexander  Douglas. — Second  son  of  Robert  Bow,  Merchant  in 
Edinburgh.     Died  24th  November  1826. 

BOW,  JOHN  MACKENZIE.  11th  April  1887. 

Apprentice  to  Patrick  William  Campbell. — Eldest  son  of  Dr.  John  Campbell 
Bow,  Deputy  Surgeon-General  in  the  Bengal  Army.     Born  7th  May  1863. 

BOWIE,  JOHN,  OF  Camsiscan.  7th  July  1815. 

Apprentice  to  Donald  Maclean. — Son  of  William  Bowie  of  Camsiscan,  Ayr. 
Disd  28th  January  1862,  aged  70.  Mar.  15th  March  1813,  Maxwell  Margaret, 
daughter  of  Captain  Duncan  Macdougall  of  Ardentrive,  Argyllshire.  Solicitor 
to  Inland  Revenue. 


fat  THE  SOCIETY   OF  WEITERS  TO  THE  SIGNET 

BOYD,  ALEXANDER.  4th  March  1826, 

Apprentice  to  Francis  Wilson. — Son  of  William  Boyd,  W.S.  Born  1802.  Lied 
28th  November  1840.  Mar.  23d  September  1828,  Lucy  Frances,  only  daughter 
of  Major  John  Duddingston,  28th  Regiment. 

BOYD,  GEORGE  WILLIAM.  12th  December  1816. 

Apprentice  to  Henry  Jardine. — Son  of  William  Boyd  of  Marchhill,  Dumfriesshire. 
Bom  1794.     Died  November  1882.    Mar.  14th  May  1850,  Mary  Ann  Bennet. 

BOYD,  MURDOCH.  16th  January  1888. 

Apprentice  to  John  Hope  Finlay. — Son  of  John  Boyd,  Publisher,  Edinburgh. 
Bm-n  20th  March  1865. 

BOYD,  ROBERT,  Younger  of  Drum.  19th  November  1801. 

Apprentice  to  David  Balfour. — Son  of  Robert  Boyd  of  Drum.  Died  10th 
December  1815. 

BOYD,  WILLIAM,  of  Hillhousefield.  4th  December  1794. 

Apprentice  to  James  Thomson. — Son  of  Archibald  Boyd,  of  the  Hon.  East  India 
Company's  Service.  Died  21st  June  1846,  aged  74.  Mar.  14th  March  1798, 
daughter  of  Alexander  Brown,  Merchant,  Edinburgh. 

BOYD,  WILLIAM.  15th  July  1886. 

Apprentice  to  Robert  Bruce  Johnston. — Son  of  John  Boyd  of  Maxpoffle,  Roxburgh- 
shire, Lord  Provost  of  the  City  of  Edinburgh,  and  Isabella,  daughter  of  John 
Lawson  of  Caimmuir,  Peeblesshire,  W.S.  Bm-n  25th  November  1861.  Mar. 
16th  July  1890,  Laura,  younger  daughter  of  John  Crerar,  Halifax,  Nova  Scotia. 

BOYD,  WILLIAM  MITCHELL.  8th  July  1828. 

Apprentice  to  Alexander  Monypenny. — Son  of  John  Boyd  of  Broadmeadows, 
Selkirkshire.  Born  29th  August  1804.  Mar.  4th  August  1841,  Anne,  daughter 
of  Dr.  James  Hamilton,  Professor  of  Midwifery,  University  of  Edinburgh. 

BOYES,  THOMAS.  15th  September  1704. 

Apprentice  to  David  Balcanquall.— Fiscal,  1710-17.  Died  about  1718.  Mar. 
19th  April  1708,  Grizel,  daughter  of  James  Hay  of  Carriber,  Linlithgowshire. 

BRAND,  WILLIAM.  10th  July  1834. 

Apprentice  to  Scott,  Finlay,  and  Balderston.— Son  of  Charles  Brand,  Farmer  in 
the  parish  of  Peterhead.  Born  5th  January  1807.  Died  18th  October  1869. 
Mar.  19th  July  1848,  Eleanor  Bruce,  youngest  daughter  of  Captain  Bruce 
Mitchell,  H.E.I.C.S.     Secretary  of  Union  Bank  of  Scotland. 

BREMNER,  CHARLES.  8th  July  1790. 

Apprentice  to  William  Balderston. — Son  of  James  Bremner,  S.S.C,  Edinburgh. 
Born  4th  June  1768.  Died  1st  August  1857.  Mar.  1834,  Isabella,  daughter  of 
Thomas  Pender,  Comptroller  of  Stamps  and  Taxes.  '  ' 


LIST  OF  MEMBERS  23 

BREMNER,  HUGH.  7th  June  1825. 

Apprentice  to  Charles  Bremner. — Son  of  Hugh  Bremner,  Accountant  in  Edin- 
burgh. Boi-n  1802.  Died  2Uh  August  l8Qd.  ifar.  11th  June  1833,  Catherine, 
daughter  of  Robert  Menzies  of  Trinity. 

BRIDGES,  DAVID  JAMES.  6th  March  1845. 

Apprentice  to,  and  son  of,  James  Bridges,  W.S.—Born  26th  August  1821.  JJied 
February  1852,  unmarried. 

BRIDGES,  JAMES.  22d  June  1810. 

Apprentice  to  James  Hay. — Fourth  son  of  David  Bridges,  Merchant  in  Edin- 
burgh. Died  6th  May  1865,  aged  80.  Mar.  (1)  18th  August  1817,  Jane, 
youngest  daughter  of  Lieutenant-Colonel  Macdonald,  Royal  Marines;  and  (2) 
18th  September  1838,  Mrs.  Jane  Mary  M'Kerras  Gracie,  of  Williamscraig. 
Author  of  Fiew  of  the  Political  State  of  Scotland  at  Michaelmas  1811. 

BRINGLOE,  FRANCIS  JOHN.  29th  June  1837. 

Apprentice  to  John  Bowie. — Son  of  Hugh  Say  Bringloe,  Clerk  of  the  Jury 
Court.  Born  15th  April  1814.  Died  25th  December  1858.  Mar.  18th  August 
1842,  Margaret,  daughter  of  Adam  Thomson,  Accountant  in  Edinburgh. 

BRISBANE,  JAMES.  20th  July  1696. 

Apprentice  to  Robert  Watson. — Second  son  of  James  Brisbane  of  Brisbane. 
Mar.  (1)  1691,  Anna,  second  daughter  of  John  Cranston  of  Glen,  Peeblesshire ; 
and  (2)  December  1720,  Ann,  daughter  of  John  Mitchell  of  Alderston. 

BRODIE,  FRANCIS.  7th  July  1803. 

Apprentice  to  James  Walker.— Second  son  of  John  Brodie,  tenant  in  Linplum. 
.  Bm-n  1764.    Died  23d  October  1839.    Mar.  (1)  4th  September  1795,  EHzabeth, 
daughter  of  Ellis  Martin,  Merchant  in  Leith;    and  (2)   31st  December  1808, 
Margaret,  second  daughter  of  Gilbert  Ker  of  Gateshaw,  Roxburghshire. 

BRODIE,  GEORGE  JAMES.  28th  October  1881. 

Apprentice  to  John  Clerk  Brodie,  his  uncle. — Second  son  of  Lieut.-Colonel  Thomas 
Brodie,  residing  in  Edinburgh.  Bm-n  20th  February  1859.  Mar.  4th  June  1890, 
Theresa  Sophia  Charlotte,  elder  daughter  of  Lieutenant-Colonel  Wayne  of  Tick- 
wood  Hall,  Shropshire. 

BRODIE,  JAMES  GIBSON  CRAIG.  31st  October  1879. 

Apprentice  to,  and  youngest  son  of,  John  Clerk  Brodie,  W.S. — Born  18th  March 
1855.  Died  19th  September  1884.  Mar.  26th  June  1878,  Ellen  Anne,  daughter 
of  Edmund  J.  W.  Wood,  of  Henley  Hall,  Ludlow,  Salop. 

BRODIE,  JOHN.  4th  July  1823. 

Apprentice  to  James  Jollie. — Eldest  son  of  Francis  Brodie,  W.S.  Born  1797. 
Died  nth  August  1865.  Mar.  3d  March  1828,  Margaret  Amelia,  eldest  daughter 
of  Major-General  Thomas  William  Kerr. 


S4  THE  SOCIETY  OF  WRITERS  TO  THE  SIGNET 

BRODIE,  JOHN  BUCHAN.  16th  November  1812. 

Apprentice  to  Thomas  Gordon.— Son  of  William  Brodie,  Writer  in  Edinburgh. 
Died  4th  January  1866,  aged  78.    Mar.  Elizabeth  Tucker  Shaw. 

BRODIE,  JOHN  CLERK,  of  Idvies,  C.B.,  LL.D.  17th  November  1836. 

Apprentice  to  James  Thomson  Gibson  Craig. — Fourth  son  of  Thomas  Brodie, 
W.S.  Born  20th  May  1811.  Died  27th  May  1888.  Mar.  (1)  20th  March  1832, 
Bathia  Garden,  eldest  daughter  of  Stewart  Souter  of  Melrose,  Banffshire ;  and 
(2)  16th  November  1848,  Penelope  Marianne,  third  daughter  of  the  Rev.  John 
Sneyd,  of  Ashcombe,  Staffordshire.  Crown  Agent,  February  1847  to  March 
1852,  and  January  1853  to  March  1858 ;  Keeper  of  the  Register  of  Sasines, 
3d  February  1858;  Treasurer,  1870;  Deputy  Keeper  of  the  Signet,  1882-87. 

BRODIE,  JOHN  SNEYD.  26th  December  1873. 

Apprentice  to,  and  son  of,  John  Clerk  Brodie,  W.S. — Barn  23d  October  1850. 
Died  1st  June  1875,  unmarried. 

BRODIE,  LUDOVICK,  of  Whytfield.  11th  July  1706. 

Apprentice  to  John  Campbell.— Son  of  Francis  Brodie  of  Milnton,  Elginshire. 
Born  about  1681.    Died  16th  June  1758.    Mar.  Helen  Grant. 

BRODIE,  THOMAS.  18th  June  1739. 

Apprentice  to  John  Macfarlane. — Second  surviving  son  of  Alexander  Brodie  of 
Lethen,  Nairnshire.  Died  19th  August  1770.  Mar.  March  1755,  Phoebe,  daughter 
of  Thomas  Forbes  of  Thornton,  Kincardineshire,  and  widow  of  John  Scott  of 
Hedderwick,  Forfarshire.    Lyon  Depute,  7th  September  1754. 

BRODIE,  THOMAS  DAWSON,  of  Idvies.  12th  November  1857. 

Apprentice  to,  and  eldest  son  of,  John  Clerk  Brodie,  W.S. — Born  26th  December 
1832.  Mar.  (1)  11th  September  1861,  Charlotte  Frederika,  third  daughter  of 
Thomas  John  Furnell  of  Heathmount,  county  Limerick;  and  (2)  18th  April 
1876,  Anne,  eldest  daughter  of  William  Dawson  of  Gairdoch,  Stirlingshire. 
Deputy  Keeper  of  the  Privy  Seal,  1869-74. 

BRODIE,  THOMAS.  21st  June  1787. 

Apprentice  to  Samuel  Mitchelson. — Second  son  of  Thomas  Brodie,  W.S.  Born 
10th  August  1760.  Died  14th  September  1825.  Mar.  Ann  Taap.  Resigned  his 
Commission  18th  February  1792. 

BROOKMAN,  JAMES.  29th  October  1888. 

Apprentice  to  Alexander  Howe  and  William  Macgillivray.- Son  of  Benjamin 
Brookman,  Edinburgh.  Born  7th  June  1842.  Mar.  19th  December  1873,  Annie, 
second  daughter  of  James  Buchanan,  Farmer,  Ballafuil,  Balquhidder. 


LIST   OF   MEMBEES  25 

BROUGHTON,  CHARLES.  1st  March  1799. 

Apprentice  to  Joseph  Cauvin. — Third  son  of  Edward  Broughton,  of  the  Excise. 
Died  10th  November  1823.  Mar.  5th  June  1799,  Helen,  daughter  of  John  Peat, 
Writer  in  Edinburgh. 

BROUN,  ALEXANDER  CARRUTHERS  M'BRYDE.  4th  August  1880. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  Hector  Monro,  and  (2)  W.  C.  MacEwen. — Son  of  the  Rev.  Hugh 
M'Bryde  Broun,  Free  Church  Minister,  Lochmaben.  Bmii  5th  June  1856.  Mar. 
6th  September  1889,  Jessie,  daughter  of  Robert  Wanless,  Edinburgh. 

BROWN,  ARCHIBALD  GEORGE.  13th  January  1890. 

Apprentice  to  Thomas  D.  Brodie. — Bm-n  1 1th  March  1850.  Mar.  31st  December 
1874,  Helen,  only  daughter  of  W.  P.  Faichney,  Kinross. 

BROWN,  CHARLES.  26th  February  1753. 

Apprentice  to  Robert  Hepburn. — Son  of  Charles  Brown  of  Coalstoun,  East-Lothian. 
Died  25th  April  1781. 

BROWN,  DAVID.  11th  July  1817. 

Apprentice  to  Adam  RoUand. — Son  of  James  Brown,  Bookseller  in  Edinburgh, 
Died  29th  January  1836. 

BROWN,  DAVID.  1st  July  1825. 

Apprentice  to  Alexander  Douglas. — Eldest  son  of  the  Rev.  David  Brown,  Minister 
of  Crailing.  Born  1799;  not  known  precisely  when  he  died.  Mar.  8th  April 
1835,  Mary  Ann,  youngest  daughter  of  James  Taylor,  of  Lloyd's,  London. 

BROWN,  DAVID,  Younger  of  Park.  12th  November  1847. 

Apprentice  to  John  Scott  and  William  C.  Balderston. — Eldest  son  of  Major  David 
Brown  of  Park.  Born  8th  September  1822.  Died  18th  November  1861.  Mar. 
4th  November  1856,  Catherine,  daughter  of  Alexander  Robertson,  Edinburgh. 

BROWN,  HUGH.  15th  July  1885. 

Apprentice  to  Thomas  Elliot  Ogilvie  Home. — Eldest  son  of  Hugh  Brown  of 
Broadstone,  Ayrshire.     Born  22d  April  1861. 

BROWN,  JAMES.  7th  July  1824. 

Apprentice  to  David  Cleghom. — Son  of  Thomas  Brown,  Builder  at  Uphall.  Born 
1800.     Died  10th  August  1845,  unmarried. 

BROWN,  JOHN,  OF  Prathouse.  24th  February  1809. 

Apprentice  to  Thomas  Scotland. — Son  of  John  Brown  of  Prathouse.  Died  1st 
January  1819. 

BROWN,  JOHN.  1st  December  1825. 

Apprentice  to  John  Tweedie.— Eldest  son  of  John  Brown  of  Culter  Mains, 
Lanarkshire.  Died  29th  February  1872,  aged  75,  unmarried.  Author  of  a 
Summary  of  the  Turnpike  Act. 


f»  THE   SOCIETY   OF  WRITERS   TO   THE   SIGNET 

BROWN,  JOHN  OSBURN.  2d  December  1794. 

Apprentice  to  James  Thomson.  —Son  of  Alexander  Brown,  Merchant  in  Edinburgh. 
Born  1771.  Died  30th  January  1838.  Mar.  (1)  14th  July  1797,  Agnes  Campbell, 
Lochdochart;  and  (2)  30th  April  1812,  Elizabeth  Rae,  eldest  daughter  of  John 
■  Campbell,  Receiver-General  of  Customs.     Second  Clerk  to  Jury  Court,  1815-30. 

BROWN,  ROBERT,  of  Kirklands.  5th  July  1782. 

Apprentice  to  Thomas  Tod. — Eldest  son  of  the  Rev.  James  Brown,  one  of  the 
Ministers  of  Edinburgh.  Bm-n  23d  August  1758.  Died  6th  November  1812. 
Mar.  22d  December  1782,  Isabella,  eldest  daughter  of  Alexander  Adam,  Architect, 
Edinburgh. 

BROWN,  ROBERT.  16th  June  1818. 

Apprentice  to  William  Molle. — Eldest  son  of  Robert  Brown,  W.S.  Bom  1790. 
Died  15th  May  1833,  unmarried. 

BROWN,  ROBERT,  of  Whitsome  Newton.  16th  July  1846. 

Apprentice  to  John  Scott  and  William  C.  Balderston. — Son  of  Robert  Brown  of 
Gilston.  Bam  26th  October  1819.  Died  28th  December  1855.  Mar.  3d  July 
1845,  Sarah  Ann,  daughter  of  Alexander  Hamilton,  Mauchline. 

BROWN",  ROBERT  JOHNSTON.  14th  November  1839. 

Apprentice  to  Smith  and  Kinnear. — Son  of  William  Henry  Brown  of  Ratho  Bank. 
Bom  5th  July  1816.  Died  28th  April  1876.  Mar.  8th  December  1855,  Augusta 
Marcia,  daughter  of  Rev.  Thomas  Charles  Brown,  London.  Cornet,  14th  King's 
Light  Dragoons,  1842;  Lieutenant,  1845;  Captain,  1853  ;  Major,  1864. 

BROWN,  WALTER,  of  Colton.  6th  July  1826. 

Apprentice  to  John  Russell. — Only  son  of  Captain  John  Brown,  of  the  ship 
Wellington,  of  Leith.  Born  1802.  Died  4th  July  1869.  Mar.  23d  March  1840, 
Jane,  second  daughter  of  James  Spowart  of  Springbank. 

BRUCE,  EDWARD.  25th  November  1780. 

Apprentice  to  William  Aytoun. — Eldest  son  of  Captain  James  Bruce,  of  the  26th 
Regiment.     Died  27th  February  1804. 

BRUCE,  GEORGE.  17th  April  1862. 

Apprentice  to  Andrew  Storie  and  William  R.  Baillie. — Eldest  son  of  Thomas 
Bruce  of  Langlee,  W.S.    Bc/rn  3d  February  1829. 

BRUCE,  JAMES.  25th  June  1863. 

Apprentice  to  Alexander  Hamilton. — Son  of  James  Bruce  of  the  Inland  Revenue, 
residing  in  Edinburgh.  Bom  8th  September  1838.  Mar.  29th  August  1871, 
Catherine,  eldest  daughter  of  John  Russel,  Dean  of  Guild,  Edinburgh. 


LIST  OF  MEMBERS  »?«'*■  27 

BRUCE,  JOHN.  29th  June  1843.  ~ 

Apprentice  to  Walter  Dickson  and  James  Steuart. — Son  of  James  Bruce  of  Pow- 
foulis,  Stirlingshire.  Barn  19th  November  1815.  Mar.  4th  June  1857,  Jessie, 
third  daughter  of  Robert  Taylor  of  Broomland,  Kirkcudbrightshire. 

BRUCE,  THOMAS,  of  Langlee.  15th  June  1810. 

Apprentice  to  Archibald  Tod. — Eldest  son  of  George  Bruce  of  Langlee,  Depute 
Clerk  of  Session.  Born  3d  January  1785.  Died  25th  May  1850.  Mar.  6th  March 
1828,  Margaret,  daughter  of  Charles  Steuart,  W.S.  Depute  Clerk  of  Session,  14th 
January  1824  till  death. 

BRUCE,  THOMAS.  9th  July  1819. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  John  Dundas,  (2)  H.  J.  Rollo. — Son  of  James  Bruce,  Secretary 
to  the  Board  of  Excise.  Born  1794.  Died  2d  December  1837.  Mar.  13th 
January  1831,  Matilda,  daughter  of  Thomas  Gloag  of  Chapelton. 

BRUNTON,  JAMES.  27th  November  1862. 

Apprentice  to  James  Mackenzie,  J.  B.  Innes,  and  John  Logan. — Son  of  William 
Brunton,  Merchant  in  Edinburgh.  Born  31st  December  1838.  Alar.  26th 
November  1868,  Ellen  Marion,  daughter  of  Montagu  Gosset,  London. 

BRYCE,  GEORGE  FERGUSON.  21st  July  1879. 

Apprentice  to  John  Cook. — Son  of  Archibald  Hamilton  Bryce,  D.C.L.,  Edinburgh. 
Born  2d  June  1855. 

BUCHAN,  JAMES.  16th  November  1781. 

Apprentice  to  William  Wilson,  Senr. — Son  of  David  Buchan,  Bailie  in  Perth. 
Died  28th  May  1814. 

BUCHAN,  JOHN.  10th  July  1770. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  George  TumbuU ;  and  (2)  Charles  Brown. — Third  son  of  John 
Buchan  of  Letham.     Born  6th  October  1742.     Died  17th  August  1822. 

BUCHAN,  JOHN.  19th  November  1782. 

Apprentice  to  Andrew  Stuart,  Junr. — Third  son  of  Thomas  Buchan  of  Auchma- 
coy,  Aberdeenshire.     Died  in  Jamaica  1793. 

BUCHAN,  WILLIAM.  19th  November  1782. 

Apprentice  to  John  Buchan. — Eldest  son  of  Hugh  Buchan,  Chamberlain  of  the 
City  of  Edinburgh.     Died  26th  April  1790. 

BUCHANAN,  CHARLES  SN0D6RASS,  of  Cunninghamhead.       29th  June  1838. 

Apprentice  to  Cunningham  and  Bell. — Eldest  son  of  David  Snodgrass  Buchanan 
of  Cunninghamhead.  Born  4th  April  1813.  Died  22d  September  1849,  un- 
married. 


m  THE  SOCIETY  OF  WKITERS   TO   THE  SIGNET 

BUCHANAN,  HECTOR  MACDONALD,  of  Drumnakiln.  8th  March  1791. 

Apprentice  to  William  Macdonald. — Third  son  of  Coll  Macdonald  of  Boisdale, 
Inverness-shire.  Died  14th  September  1828.  Mar.  13th  July  1793,  Jean, 
daughter  of  Robert  Buchanan  of  Drumnakiln  and  Ross  Priory,  whose  name  he 
assumed.    Principal  Clerk  of  Session,  17th  May  1805  till  death. 

BUCHANAN,  JOHN. 

Signs  Minute  of  16th  December  1594.    Died  23d  October  1611. 

BUCHANAN,  JOHN.  13th  December  1723. 

Apprentice  to  Robert  Campbell  of  Balvie. — Mar.  December  1723,  Mary,  daughter 
of  Ronald  Campbell  of  Balerno,  W.S.     Solicitor  to  Board  of  Customs. 

BUCHANAN,  MUNGO,  of  Auchentorlie.  4th  November  1695. 

Apprentice  to  John  Cuningham. — Third  son  of  Mungo  Buchanan  of  Tillichewan, 
Dumbartonshire.     Died  3d  April  1710.     Mar.  22d  January  1687,  Anna  Barclay. 

BUCHANAN,  WILLIAM,  of  Ardoch.  23d  November  1802. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  George  Johnston ;  and  (2)  Frederick  Fotheringham. — Son  of 
Thomas  Buchanan  of  Ardoch,  Hatter  in  Glasgow.  Born  1777.  Died  1864. 
Mar.  14th  September  1803,  Hon.  Elizabeth  Murray,  daughter  of  Alexander, 
seventh  Lord  Elibank.     Art  Critic,  and  Author  of  Memmrs  of  Fainting. 

BUDGE,  JAMES.  7th  June  1722. 

Third  son  of  Donald  Budge  of  Toftingall,  Caithness.     Died  before  1750. 

BUDGE,  WILLIAM,  of  Toftingall.  21st  August  1745. 

Apprentice  to  James  Budge.— Son  of  David  Budge,  tutor  of  Toftingall.  Died 
28th  September  1765.  Mar.  Katherine,  third  daughter  of  Alexander  Sinclair  of 
Olrig,  Caithness. 

BUIK,  PATRICK  REID.  26th  October  1888. 

Apprentice  to  T.  E.  0.  Home,  Thomas  Home,  and  David  Lyell.— Son  of  Major 
John  Henry  Buik,  Pulteneytown.    Born  21st  September  1863. 

BURD,  MELVILLE.  28th  Febraary  1811. 

Apprentice  to  John  Campbell  terliiis. — Son  of  Melville  Burd,  Fanner  in  Dalkeith. 
Died  5th  September  1829,  aged  45. 

BURN,  GEORGE.  17th  March  1864. 

Apprentice  to  Donald  Home. — Son  of  James  Burn,  W.S.  Born  16th  August 
1828.    Died  19th  September  1878,  unmarried. 

BURN,  HENRY  JOHN.  4th  July  1823. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  John  B.  Brodie  and  (2)  Michael  Linning. — Son  of  Robert 
Burn,  Architect  in  Edinburgh.  Born  7th  April  1798.  DM  10th  January  1867. 
Ma/r.  10th  June  1845,  Charlotte  Barbara,  youngest  daughter  of  Sir  Thomas  Kirk- 
patrick  of  Closeburn,  Bai't. 


LIST   OF  MEMBEES.  29 

BURN,  JAMES.  23d  June  1817. 

Apprentice  to  Robert  Hill. — Son  of  George  Burn,  Factor  to  Henry  Glassford 
at  Netherwood.  Died  24th  November  1863,  aged  70.  Mar.  6th  August  1827, 
Margaret,  daughter  of  James  Heugh  of  Gartcows. 

BURN,  ROBERT.  29th  May  1818. 

Apprentice  to  James  Forman. — Only  son  of  David  Burn,  one  of  the  Teachers  of 
the  Grammar  School,  Stirling.    Died  16th  January  1861,  aged  71. 

BURNESS,  JAMES.  11th  July  1867. 

Apprentice  to  Thomas  G.  Mackay  and  Alexander  Howe. — Son  of  Robert  Burness, 
"Writer  in  Montrose.  Born  2d  November  1840.  Mar.  26th  April  1872,  Henrietta, 
daughter  of  William  Ronaldson,  Edinburgh. 

BURNET,  GAVIN.  12th  August  1633. 

Apprentice  to  Andrew  Hay. — Youngest  son  of  William  Burnet  of  Barns, 
Peeblesshire.     Died  October  1660.     Mar.  Helen  Ramsay. 

BURNET,  ROBERT.  21st  December  1671. 

Apprentice  to  John  Trotter. — Eldest  son  of  Gavin  Burnet,  W.S.  Died  before 
1721.     ifar.  Elizabeth  Cockbum.     Commissary  of  Peebles. 

BURNETT,  ANDREW,  of  Kirkhill.  21st  December  1730. 

Youngest  son  of  Thomas  Burnett  of  Kirkhill,  Advocate,  Regent  of  Marischal 
College,  Aberdeen.— £om  1709.  Died  20th  August  1776.  Mar.  April  1767, 
Ann  Burnett  of  Burnetfield. 

BURNETT,  ALEXANDER  EDWIN.  24th  March  1873. 

Apprentice  to  Archibald  Watson  Goldie. — Third  son  of  Sir  James  Horn  Burnett 
of  Leys,  Bart.,  W.S.     Born  17th  December  1842. 

BURNETT,  SIR  JAMES  HORN,  of  Leys,  Bart.  9th  July  1824. 

Apprentice  to  John  Morison. — Fifth  son  of  Sir  Robert  Burnett  of  Leys,  Bart. 
Born  21st  June  1801.  Died  16th  September  1876.  Mar.  (1)  3d  February  1831, 
Caroline  Margaret,  daughter  of  Charles  Spearman  of  Thornley  Hall,  Durham; 
and  (2)  12th  July  1837,  his  cousin  Lauderdale,  daughter  of  Sir  Alexander  Ramsay 
of  Balmain,  Bart.,  and  widow  of  David  Duncan  of  Rosemount,  Forfarshire. 

BURNETT,  ROBERT.  7th  June  1821. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  James  Gibson;  and  (2)  William  Gardner.— Son  of  William 
Burnett,  Factor  at  Crathes  to  Sir  Robert  Burnett  of  Leys.  Died  9th  August 
1828. 

BURNS,  ALEXANDER.  9th  March  1813. 

Apprentice  to  Archibald  Terrier. — Seventh  surviving  son  of  John  Bums,  Surveyor 
of  Customs  at  Bo'ness.     Died  14th  October  1832,  aged  45,  unmarried. 


'80  THE  SOCIETY  OF  WEITERS  TO  THE  SIGNET 

BURNS,  THOMAS,  of  Longcroft.  22d  February  1793. 

Apprentice  to  Walter  Scott. — Youngest  son  of  James  Bums  of  Glenfour.  Died 
December  1858,  aged  88.    Mar.  Anne  Reoch. 

BURNS,  THOMAS  CHARLES.  22d  June  1837. 

Apprentice  to  John  Archibald  Campbell. — Only  son  of  Thomas  Burns,  W.S. 
Boi-n  7th  January  1814.  Died  1848.  Mar.  20th  April  1837,  Jane,  only  daughter 
of  John  Livingston  Campbell  of  Achalader,  Argyllshire. 

BURNSIDE,  JAMES.  22d  November  1821. 

Apprentice  to  William  Drysdale. — Son  of  John  Bumside,  Merchant  in  Glasgow. 
Died  12th  August  1854,  aged  60,  unmarried. 

BUTTER,  JAMES.  23d  June  1817. 

Apprentice  to  William  Drysdale. — Son  of  Thomas  Butter  of  Craigbea.  Died 
29th  August  1824. 

CADDELL,  WILLIAM,  of  Fossochie.  22d  September  1713. 

Died  3d  November  1724.    Clerk,  21st  January  1711. 

CADELL,  LEWIS  IRVING.  16th  July  1889. 

Apprentice  to  J.  0.  Mackenzie,  Harry  Cheyne,  and  John  Kermack.—  Son  of 
Henry  Cadell  of  Grange  and  Banton.    Born  8th  December  1865. 

CADELL,  WILLIAM,  of  Banton.  6th  June  1833. 

Apprentice  to  Alexander  Young.— Eldest  son  of  James  John  Cadell  of  Grange, 
Linlithgowshire.  B(yrn  8th  October  1810.  Died  4th  May  1862.  Mar.  16th 
August  1847,  Mary  Robinson,  daughter  of  John  Rodford,  Edinburgh. 

CAIRNS,  HENRY.  6th  July  1854. 

Apprentice  to  Walter  JoUie. — Son  of  Geoi'ge  Cairns,  Solicitor  at  Law.  Bm-n 
21st  June  1831.  Mar.  23d  September  1879,  Jane  Stewart,  daughter  of  Alexander 
Morton,  Banker,  Edinburgh. 

CAIRNS,  JOHN  BOYD.  14th  July  1853. 

Apprentice  to  Donald  Home. — Eldest  son  of  John  Caims,  Writer  in  Edinburgh. 
B<yrn  12th  August  1827. 

CALVERT,  JOHN  RUTHERFORD.  4th  June  1829. 

Apprentice  to  Thomas  Mackenzie. — Son  of  James  Calvert,  Teacher  in  the  Academy 
of  Montrose.     Died  12th  December  1854,  aged  50,  unmarried. 

CAMERON,  ALEXANDER.  8th  March  1838. 

Apprentice  to  David  Brown. — Son  of  Allan  Cameron,  Engraver  in  Edinburgh. 
B(yrn  26th  March  1803.  Died  at  Melbourne  31st  March  1841.  Mar.  Aune 
Watson. 


LIST   OF   MEMBERS  31 

CAMERON,  Sir  DUNCAN,  of  Fassiefkrn,  Bart.  12th  August  1799. 

Apprentice  to  James  Fraser. — Second  son  of  Sir  Ewen  Cameron  of  Fassieferu, 
Argyllshire,  Bart.  Born  1770.  Died  15th  January  1863,  unmarried.  Succeeded 
his  father  as  second  Baronet,  October  1828. 

CAMERON,  RALPH  COMPTON.  13th  July  1887. 

Apprentice  to  David  Wardlaw. — Son  of  Alexander  Cameron  of  Mainhouse,  Elgin- 
shire.    Bom  2d  September  1861. 

CAMPBELL,  ALEXANDER.  8th  July  1796. 

Apprentice  to  James  Ferrier. — Second  son  of  Sir  Hay  Campbell  of  Succoth,  Bart., 
Lord  President  of  the  Court  of  Session.     Died  26th  October  1 799,  unmarried. 

CAMPBELL,  ARCHIBALD.  22d  July  1720. 

Apprentice  to  Ronald  Campbell. — Eldest  son  of  John  Campbell,  W.S.  Died 
December  1727.  Mar.  (1)  April  1710,  Jean,  daughter  of  George  Alexander  of 
Peppermiln,  Advocate  ;  and  (2)  Helen,  daughter  of  John  Ayton  of  Kinaldie. 

CAMPBELL,  ARCHIBALD,  of  Succoth.  5th  February  1728. 

Apprentice  to  Hew  Crawford. — Second  son  of  William  Campbell  of  Succoth,  . 
Dumbartonshire.   Died  28th.  July  1790.  Mar.  February  1732,  Helen,  daughter  of 
John  Wallace  of  Elderslie.     Commissary  of  Glasgow.     Deputy  Keeper  of  the 
Great  Seal.     Principal  Clerk  of  Session,  2d  March  1770  to  4th  March  1785. 

CAMPBELL,  ARCHIBALD.  19th  June  1812. 

Apprentice  to  John  Campbell,  Junr. — Son  of  William  Campbell  of  Duneaves, 
Perthshke.     Died  28th  January  1823. 

CAMPBELL,  ARCHIBALD  BROWN.  13th  January  1890. 

Apprentice  to  James  Mylne.— Son  of  John  Campbell,  S.S.C.  Born  23d  September 
1865. 

CAMPBELL,  ARTHUR,  of  Catrine.  23d  November  1813. 

Apprentice  to  John  Hunter. — Fourth  son  of  Arthur  Campbell  of  Auchmannoch, 
Ayrshire.  Born  15th  July  1788.  Died  3d  March  1875.  Mar.  31,st  August  1825, 
Jane,  daughter  of  Thomas  Barstow,  of  Kelso.  , . . , 

CAMPBELL,  ARTHUR,  of  Catrine.  14th  November  1850. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  W.  0.  Balderston,  J.  Scott,  and  W.  Brand ;  and  (2)  John  Scott. 
—Son  of  Arthur  Campbell  of  Catrine,  W.S.  Bom  27th  December  1827.  Died 
8th  July  1884.  Mar.  26th  December  1851,  Cecilia,  third  daughter  of  George 
Cleghorn  of  Weens,  Roxburghshire,  W.S. 

CAMPBELL,  COLIN,  of  Caewhin.  9th  February  1686. 

Apprentice  to  George  Dallas. — Third  son  of  Colin  Campbell  of  Mochaster,  Perth- 
shire.    Bom  18th  December  1652.    Died  31st  January  1715,  unmarried. 


9lt  THE   SOCIETY   OF  WEITEES   TO   THE   SIGNET 

CAMPBELL,  DAVID,  of  Belmont.  1st  December  1755. 

Apprentice  to  Alexander  Eobertson. — Second  son  of  John  Campbell  of  Barcaldine, 
Argyllshire.  3Iar.  March  1756,  Jean,  daughter  of  Archibald  Campbell,  Edinburgh. 
Resigned  his  Commission  14th  March  1775. 

CAMPBELL,  DAVID.  8th  June  1826. 

Apprentice  to  Craufurd  Tait. — Third  son  of  Archibald  Campbell  of  Askomell, 
Argyllshire.  Died  24th  December  1848,  aged  58.  Mar.  16th  December  1819, 
Agnes,  youngest  daughter  of  Alexander  Pollock  of  Whitehill.  Captain  in  94th 
Regiment  previous  to  admission. 

CAMPBELL,  GEORGE,  of  Condorrat.  18th  January  1886. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  A.  F.  Adam  and  W.  C.  MacEwen;  (2)  Arthur  Campbell;  and 
(3)  A.  H.  Cooper. — Second  son  of  Arthur  Campbell  of  Catrine,  W.S.  Born  18th 
December  1862. 

CAMPBELL,  GEORGE  MUIR.  16th  January  1798. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  William  Campbell  and  (2)  Hugh  Corrie.— Third  son  of  William 
Campbell  of  Crawfordton,  W.S.  Born  1773.  Died  20th  January  1836.  Mar. 
Agnes,  daughter  of Fergusson,  Writer  in  Wigtown. 

CAMPBELL,  JAMES,  of  Gaenock.  3rd  March  1629. 

Apprentice  to  William  Cunningham. — Son  of  Hugh  Campbell  of  HuUerhurst, 
Ayrshire.     Re-admitted  21st  November  1661. 

CAMPBELL,  JAMES.  14th  June  1791. 

Apprentice  to  John  Campbell. — Second  son  of  Farquhar  Campbell  of  Laggan- 
lochan,  Writer  in  Islay.  Died  6th  December  1805.  Mar.  Jean,  daughter  of  John 
Moubray,  Wright  and  Builder  in  Edinburgh. 

CAMPBELL,  JOHN,  of  Succoth.  4th  June  1674. 

Apprentice  to  Richard  Guthrie. — Son  of  William  Campbell  of  Succoth,  Dumbar- 
tonshire. Mar.  (1)  Janet  Hamilton ;  and  (2)  Agnes,  youngest  daughter  of 
William  Stirling  of  Law,  Dumbartonshire.  Died  about  1694.  M.P.  for  Argyll- 
shire, 1681-82. 

CAMPBELL,  JOHN.  14th  December  1691. 

Apprentice  to  George  Dallas. — Son  of  Captain  John  Campbell,  younger  son  of 
Sir  John  Campbell  of  Calder.     Died  April  1699.    Mar.  Elizabeth  Campbell. 

CAMPBELL,  JOHN,  of  The  Citadel.  19th  July  1779. 

Apprentice  to  David  Erskine. — Eldest  son  of  John  Campbell,  first  Cashier  of  the 
Royal  Bank.  Bwn  20th  December  1753.  Died  at  Geneva  11th  August  1829. 
Mar.  (1)  18th  November  1779,  Helen,  daughter  of  John  Callander  of  Craigforth ; 
(2)  8th  January  1787,  Margaret,  daughter  of  John  Campbell  of  Clathick;  and  (3) 
6th  August  1801,  Sophia,  daughter  of  Duncan  Stewart  of  Ardshiel,  Argyllshire. 


LIST   OF   MEMBERS  38 

CAMPBELL,  JOHN.  24th  November  1785. 

Apprentice  to  Colquhoun  Grant. — Eldest  son  of  John  Campbell,  Collector  of 
Excise  for  the  district  of  Inverness.     Died  14th  February  1821. 

CAMPBELL,  JOHN,  ov  Annfield.  24th  January  1792. 

Apprentice  to  John  Campbell. — Son  of  John  Campbell  of  Annfield,  Writer  in 
Stirling.  Died  9th  January  1855,  aged  84.  Mm:  29th  December  1794,  Frances, 
youngest  daughter  of  John  Brown,  Merchant,  Glasgow. 

CAMPBELL,  JOHN  KIRKPATRICK,  or  Glenfeochan.  25th  November  179G. 

Apprentice  to  John  Campbell,  Junr. — Son  of  Archibald  Campbell  of  Jura, 
Argyllshire.  Died  28th  April  1826.  Mar.  29th  July  1817,  Mary  Kirkpatrick, 
only  daughter  of  Alexander  Campbell,  of  the  island  of  Tobago. 

CAMPBELL,  JOHN  ARCHIBALD.  22d  February  1813. 

Apprentice  to  Alexander  Duncan  and  John  Campbell. — Eldest  son  of  John 
Campbell  of  The  Citadel,  W.S.  Born  1788.  Died  7th  September  1866.  Mar. 
10th  October  1822,  Emma,  daughter  of  Thomas  Peter  Legh,  of  Lyme,  Chester. 
Sheriff-Clerk  of  Mid-Lothian,  1843-60. 

CAMPBELL,  ORD  GRAHAM.  15th  November  1838. 

Apprentice  to  Andrew  Tawse. — Youngest  son  of  Archibald  Graham  Campbell  of 
Shirvain,  Argyllshire.  Born  11th  September  1816.  Died  7th  June  1890.  Mar. 
15th  June  1858,  Jeanette  Ritchie,  daughter  of  William  Wallace  of  Busby. 

CAMPBELL,  PATRICK,  of  Queenshill.  8th  March  1791. 

Apprentice  to  William  Campbell,  his  luiclc. — Eldest  son  of  William  Campbell  of 
Queenshill.  Born  1764.  Died  11th  December  1836.  Mar.  10th  April  1800,  Jane, 
eldest  surviving  daughter  of  David  Maitland  of  Barcaple,  Kirkcudbrightshire. 

CAMPBELL,  PATRICK  WILLIAM.  20th  October  1875. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  Robert  Craigie  Bell;  and  (2)  James  Mylne,  Senior.— Eldest 
son  of  David  Campbell,  Mounthamilton,  and  Manager  of  the  Royal   Bank  of 
Scotland,   Ayr.     Born    21st    November    1850.     Mar.    18th    April   1883,    Mary 
*  Walker,  eldest  daughter  of  John  Fergusson  Cathcart,  Merchant,  Leith. 

CAMPBELL,  RICHARD,  of  Helentonmains  and  Auchenbreok.     3d  March  1818. 

Apprentice  to  Robert  Cathcart. — Fourth  son  of  Richard  Campbell  of  Helenton- 
mains,  Ayrshire.  Di^  27th  July  1853,  aged  59.  Mar.  8th  August  1834,  Ann 
Glass,  daughter  of  Archibald  Douglas,  Clangregor  Castle. 

CAMPBELL,  ROBERT,  of  Balvie.  25th  November  1701. 

Apprentice  to  John  Cuningham. — Brother  of  John  Campbell  of  Gon-ie.  Died 
February  1716.  Mar.  (1)  June  1702,  Anna,  daughter  of  John  Campbell  of 
SuccolJi;  and  (2)  before  1713,  Anna,  second  daughter  of  William  Colquhoun  of 
Craigton,  Dumbartonshire.     Fiscal,  1703-10. 

£ 


d4  THE   SOCIETY    OE   WElTEliS   TO   THE   SIGNET 

CAMPBELL,  ROBERT,  ok  Sonachan.  21st  May  1805. 

Apprentice  to  H.  M'D.  Buchanan. — Eldest  sou  of  Donald  Campbell  of  Sonachan, 
Argyllshire.  Bom  29th  December  1779.  Died  13th  June  1877.  Mar.  16th 
June  1816,  Susan,  only  daughter  of  David  Campbell  of  Combie,  Argyllshire. 

CAMPBELL,  RONALD,  of  Balerno.  15th  August  1695. 

Apprentice  to  John  Campbell  of  Succoth.  Died  30th  August  1726.  Mar.  25th 
March  1697,  Margaret,  daughter  of  James  Hamilton  of  Hetherrick,  East-Lothian. 
Deputy  Keeper  of  the  Signet,  1725-1726. 

CAMPBELL,  WILLIAM,  or  Crawfordton.  4th  August  1777. 

Apprentice  to  George  Muir,  his  luicle. — Eldest  son  of  Dr.  Patrick  Campbell, 
Physician  in  Wigtown.     I}ied  6th  May  1794.     Mar.  (1)  Miss  M'Murdo;  and  (2) 
'     14th  May  1793,  Lydia,  daughter  of  the  liev.  John  CoUow,  Minister  of  Penpont. 

CAMPBELL,  WILLIAM.  8th  July  1800. 

Apprentice  to  Archibald  Gibson. — Second  son  of  Sir  James  Campbell  of 
Aberuchil,  Bart.  Bom  1776.  Died  28th  April  1849.  Mar.  (1)  oth  January 
1804,  Eliza,  daughter  of  \A'illiani  Hunter  of  Glenormiston ;  and  (2)  25th  October 
1820,  Jane,  second  daughter  of  Hugh  Cleghoni  of  Stravithie,  Fifeshire. 

CAMPBELL,  WILLIAM,  of  Queenshill.  29th  June  1826. 

Apprentice  to  James  Dundas. ^Eldest  son  of  Patrick  Campbell  of  Queenshill, 
W.S.     Bunt  15tli  February  1801.     Dkd  8th  October  1863,  unmarried. 

CAMPBELL,  WILLIAM  BOWIE  STEWART,  of  Cloiohfoldich.    4th  March  1826. 
Apprentice  to  John  Bowie. — Sou  of  Major  Alexander  Campbell  of  Glenfalloch. 
Barn  1803.     Died  11th  June  1847.     Afar.  (1)  16th  March  1830,  Sarah  Priscilla, 
only  daughter  of  J.   Feamside,   London;   and  (2)  5th  April   1838,  Janet  W. 
Maxwell,  only  child  of  Robert  Stewart  of  Cloichfoldich,  Perthshire. 

CANNAN,  HORATIUS,  of  Barlay.  18th  November  1784. 

Apprentice  to  Robert  Boswell.  Only  son  of  John  Cannan  of  Barlay,  Kirkcud- 
brightshire.   Dkd  17th  April  1825,  aged  68.     Mar. 

CANNAN,  HORATIUS.  17th  November  1825. 

Apprentice  to,  and  third  son  of,  Horatius  Cannan,  W.S.  Died  18th  February 
1843,  aged  55,  unmarried. 

CAR6ILL,  JAMES.  18tli  November  1784. 

Apprentice  to  James  Stewart. — Son  of  Walter  Cargill,  Merchant  in  Dunkeld. 

Mar.  ,  daughter  of  William  Jamiesou,  Architect  in  Edinburgh.     Resigned  his 

Commission  23d  March  1795. 

CARGILL,  ROBERT.  10th  July  1812. 

Apprentice  to  Hugh  Watson. — Son  of  James  Cargill,  W.S.     Z>j«rf  21st  February 

1867. 


LIST   OF   MEMBERS  35 

CARMICHAEL,  ALEXANDER.  13th  April  1650. 

Died  June  1658.     Mar.  Judith  Nairne. 

CARMICHAEL,  ARCHIBALD.  23d  December  1723. 

Apprentice  to  William  Kelso. — Died  April  1743. 

CARMICHAEL,  JAMES,  of  Hailes.  30th  June  1741. 

Apprentice  to  Hugh  Somerville. — Second  son  of  the  Hon.  William  Carniichael  of 
Skirling,  Advocate.  Died  12th  January  1781.  Mar.  16th  April  1750,  Jenny, 
youngest  daughter  of  Sir  John  Clerk  of  Penicuik,  Bart. 

CARNEGIE,  JAMES.  16th  August  1665. 

Apprentice  to  James  Allane. — Son  of  Robert  Carnegie  of  Newgate,  Forfarshire. 

CARNEGIE,  JAMES,  of  Edrom  Nkwton.  22d  December  1825. 

Apprentice  to  Francis  Walker. — Son  of  John  Carnegie,  tenant  in  Hailes.  Born 
1799.     Died  23d  April  1883,  unmarried. 

CARNEGIE,  ROBERT.  11th  March  1670. 

Apprentice  to  James  Allane. — Son  o    Sir  Alexander  Carnegie  of  Pittarrow,  Bart. 

Died  September  1670. 
CARNEGY,  JAMES. 

See  Gardyne,  James  Carnegy. 

CARSTAIRS,  ROBERT,  of  Radernie.  9th  December  1687. 

Apprentice  to  William  Hamilton. — Son  of  John  Carstairs  of  Ca.ssingray,  Fife- 
shire.  Born  1645.  Died  August  1705.  Mar.  1679,  E.sther,  daughter  of 
Thomas  Mills  of  Millhouse,  Stafford. 

CASS,  JOHN.  22d  December  1610. 

Mar.  17tl)  August  1603,  Christian,  daughter  of  William  Kellie,  W.S. 

CASS,  RICHARD,  of  Fordell. 

Commissioner,  16th  December  1594. — Son  of  Robert  Cass  of  Fordell,  Mid-Lothian. 
Died  3d  February  1632. 

CASSELLS,  ALEXANDER.  lOth  June  1830. 

Apprentice  to  James  and  Charles  Nairne.— Fourth  son  of  John  Cassells  of 
Arnprior,  Perthshire.  Born  1808.  Died  10th  March  1875.  Mar.  25th  October 
1838,  Catherine,  daughter  of  John  Walker,  Bellsbank,  Dalmellington. 

CATHCART,  DANIEL.  29th  December  1658. 

Apprentice   to   Robert   Wallace,    Richard   Guthrie,    and   Hugh    Paterson. Son 

of  William  Cathcart  of  Watorheid,  Ayrshire.  Warrant  to  pay  his  funeral 
expenses,  23d  November  1686.     Re-admitted  13tli  January  1662. 

CATHCART,  DAVID.  16th  May  1822. 

Apprentice  to  George  Russell. — Third  son  of  David  Cathcart  of  Auchendrane, 
Ayrshire,  Lord  Alloway,  one  of  the  Senators  of  the  College  of  Justice.  Born  2d 
December  1798.     Died  1st  January  1867,  unmarried. 


^  THE   SOCIETY   OF  WRITERS   TO  THE  SIGNET 

CATHCAET,  ROBERT,  of  Drum.  25th  November  1796. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  Andrew  Mackenzie;  and  (2)  Kenneth  Mackenzie. — Younger 
son  of  Robert  Cathcart  of  Genoch.  Barn  22d  June  1773.  Died  18th  November 
1812.    Mar.  16th  October  1797,  Anne,  daughter  of  John  Cadell  of  Cockenzie. 

CATHCART,  ROBERT  ALFRED.  13th  November  1849. 

Apprentice  to  Thomas  Macpherson  Grant. — Eldest  son  of  Elias  Cathcart  of 
Aucliendrane.     Born  3d  February  1825.     Died  15th  February  1855,  unmarried. 

CAUVIN,  JOSEPH.  24th  November  1785. 

Apprentice  to  William  Aytoun. — Eldest  son  of  Louis  Cauvin,  Teacher  of  French 
in  Edinburgh.  Died  23d  November  1815.  Mar.  20tli  April  1787,  Ester,  only 
daughter  of  Dr.  Henry  Cunningham. 

CAY,  JOHN.  3d  July  1851. 

Apprentice  to  James  Gillespie  Davidson. — Eldest  son  of  John  Cay,  Advocate. 
Born  13th  July  1820.  Mar.  21st  July  1857,  Geddes  Elizabeth,  youngest  daughter 
of  Thomas  Mackenzie  of  Applecross,  Ross-shire. 

CAY,  ROBERT  DUNDAS.  7th  March  1833. 

Apprentice  to  David  Welsh. — Youngest  son  of  Robert  Hodshon  Cay,  of  North 
Charlton,  Judge  of  the  High  Court  of  Admiralty.  Born  20th  August  1807. 
Died  19th  March  1888.  Mar.  29th  October  1835,  Isabella,  fourth  daughter  of 
William  Dyce,  of  Cuttlehill,  Aberdeenshire,  M.D.  Registrar  of  Supreme  Court, 
Hong-Kong,  1844-55. 

CHALMER,  JOHN  MUIR,  of  Gadgirth.  7th  January  1756. 

Apprentice  to  John  Macfarlane. — Son  of  John  Muir  of  Ayr,  and  nephew  of  John 
Chalmer  of  Gadgirth.  Born  24th  July  1726.  Died  5th  May  1774.  Mar. 
Elizabeth  Farquhar,  of  Edinburgh.     Assumed  name  of  Chalmer  1764. 

CHALMER,  WILLIAM.  3d  December  1636. 

Apprentice  to  Robert  Pringle. — Son  of  George  Chalmer  of  Auldquhat.  Ditd 
January  1668.  Mar.  (1)  daughter  of  Daniel  Melville,  W.S. ;  and  (2)  13th  Mity 
1661,  Isobell  Garvie.     Re-admitted  21st  November  1661. 

CHALMERS,  ALEXANDER  HENDERSON.  6th  July  1854. 

Apprentice  to  James  Mackenzie,  J.  B.  Innes,  and  John  Logan. — Son  of  Charles 
Chalmers  of  Monkshill,  Advocate  in  Aberdeen.  Bm-n  30th  September  1830. 
Died  6th  November  1871.  Mar.  27th  October  1870,  Meylia  Jessie  Marjory 
Williamson,  eldest  daughter  of  Patrick  Sinclair  Laing,  Deputy  Inspector-General 
of  Hospitals,  Elgin. 

CHALMERS,  CHARLES,  of  Portlethin.  20th  October  1704. 

Apprentice  to  William  Thomson. — Second  son  of  Mr.  James  Chalmers,  Professor  of 
Philosophy  in  the  Marischal  College  of  Aberdeen ;  killed  fighting  for  King  James 
at  Sheriffmuir,  13th  November  1715.  Mar.  (1)  Jean,  daughter  of  Alexander  Boog 
of  Burnhouses,  Berwickshire;  and  (2)  Helen,  daughter  of  Alexander  Young,  Bishop 
of  Edinburgh.     Captain  in  the  Scots  Guards,  but  sold  his  Commission,  1714. 


LIST  OF  MEMBERS  SI 

CHALMERS,  GEORGE.  3d  October  1723. 

Apprentice  to  Thomas  Gibson. — JDied  9th  December  1758.    Mar.  October  1729, 
Elizabeth,  daughter  of  Colin  Arthui-  of  Ballein. 

CHALMERS,  JAMES.  25th  June  1764. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  Alexander  Tait;  and  (2)  John  Mackenzie. — Son  of  Andrew 
Chalmers,  Writer  in  Edinburgh.     Died  20th  November  1830,  aged  89.     Mar. 

CHALMERS,  JAMES  HAY.  26th  June  1856. 

Apprentice  to  Archibald  Watson  Goldie. — Son  of  Rev.  Peter  Chalmers,  Minister 
of  the  First  Charge,  Dunfermline.     Bmii  10th  January  1829.    Bkd  21st  June 

1860.  Mar.  23d  August  1859,  Marion  Morrison,  elder  daughter  of  Alexander 
Hay  of  Hardengreen,  Mid-Lothian,  W.S. 

CHALMERS,  JOHN.  10th  March  1813. 

Apprentice  to  Bain  Whyt. — Eldest  son  of  Thomas  Chalmers,  Locksmith  in 
Potterrow.     Born  1784.    Died  18th  March  1833,  unmarried. 

CHALMERS,  THOMAS.  19th  March  1888. 

Apprentice  to  J.  W.  Young  and  John  Blair. — Younger  son  of  Thomas  Chalmers 
of  Longcroft,  Linlithgowshire.     Born  10th  January  1863. 

CHANCELLOR,  EDWARD.  26th  June  1856. 

Apprentice  to  John  Dundas,  William  Wilson,  and  A.  M.  Bell. — Fifth  son  of 
Alexander  Chancellor  of  Shieldhill,  Lanarkshire.  Born  22d  September  1828. 
Mar.  17th  April  1866,  Ann  Helen,  only  daughter  of  John  Robert  Tod,  W.S. 

CHANCELLOR,  GEORGE.  17th  July  1851. 

Apprentice  to  Alexander  Hamilton. — Third  son  of  Alexander  Chancellor  of 
Shieldhill.     Born  7th  September  1825.     Died  4th  April  1875.     3far.  20th  June 

1861,  Katherine  Elizabeth,  youngest  daughter  of  George  Skene  of  Rubislaw. 
CHAPLANE,  ALEXANDER,  of  Colliston.  13th  January  1673. 

Apprentice  to  James  Cheyne. — Eldest  son  of  Robert  Chaplane,  Town-Clerk 
Depute,  Dundee.  Died  A\ml  1695.  Mar.  (1)  Agnes  Smyth  ;  and  (2)  Magdalene, 
daughter  of  Henry  Killoch.     Fiscal,  1683-4. 

CHARTERIS,  HENRY.  29th  July  1633. 

Apprentice  to  James  Stratoun. — Son  of  Henry  Charteris,  Primar  of  Edinburgh 
College.  Died  October  1641.  Mar.  14th  November  1632,  Mawsia  Henrieson, 
niece  of  Charles  Hamilton,  Merchant  Burgess  of  Edinburgh. 

CHARTERIS,  JAMES.  5th  September  1671. 

Apprentice  to  John  Alexander,  elder. — Son  of  William  Charteris  of  Auchin 
strowan. 

CHARTERS,  WILLIAM.  23d  November  1656. 

Apprentice  to  Quintine  Kennedy. — Died  about  1677.  Mar.  Isobel  Kennedy. 
Re-admitted  11th  April  1661. 


99  THE   SOCIETY  OF  WEITERS   TO   THE   SIGNET 

CHEYNE,  HAREY,  of  Girlesta.  IDth  March  1868. 

Apprentice  to,  and  son  of,  Henry  Cheyne,  W.S. — Bom  2d  March  1845.  Mar. 
20th  July  1876,  Dora,  daughter  of  George  Todd  Chiene,  C.A.  Edinburgh. 

CHEYNE,  HENRY.  19th  November  1829. 

Apprentice  to  Joseph  Gordon. — Eldest  son  of  John  Cheyne  of  Tangwick,  Shet- 
land. Bom  24th  August  1804.  Died  27th  February  1868.  Mar.  7th  May 
1840,  Barbara,  eldest  daughter  of  William  Hay  of  Laxfirth,  Shetland.  Clerk  to 
the  Admission  of  Notaries,  1855-68. 

CHEYNE,  JAMES.  8th  March  1642. 

Apprentice  to  Robert  Pringle. — Son  of  Walter  Cheyne  in  Tillibin.  Re-admitted 
21st  November  1661. 

CHEYNE,  JAMES.  12th  September  1706. 

Apprentice  to  William  Thomson. — Died  8th  April  1729.  Mar.  (1)  September  1713, 
Elizabeth,  daughter  of  Sir  Charles  Maitland  of  Pitrichie,  Aberdeenshire ;  and 
(2)  November  1724,  Barbara,  daughter  of  Robert  Ross  of  Achlossan,  Aberdeen- 
shire, and  widow  of  Captain  Francis  Forbes. 

CHEYNE,  JAMES  AUCHINLECK,  of  Oxendean  and  Kilmaron.      3d  March  1818. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  Robert  Cathcart;  and  (2)  John  Kermack. — Son  of  Ninian 
Richard  Cheyne,  Bookseller  in  Edinburgh.  Died  21st  June  1853,  aged  58.  Mar. 
(1)  16th  August  1821,  Margaret  Blair,  daughter  of  Andrew  M'Kean,  Edinburgh; 
and  (2)  29th  April  1834,  Frances  Charlton,  daughter  of  James  Sprott,  of  Chitta- 
gong,  Bengal. 

CHIESLEY,  JOHN.  20th  August  1697. 

Apprentice  to  John  Knox. — Grandson  of  Walter  Chiesley  of  Dairy.  Deprived  of 
his  Commission  24th  December  1707,  for  repeated  contraventions  of  the  Acts. 

CHIESLIE,  WILLIAM,  of  Cockburn.  4th  August  1662. 

Apprentice  to  John  Semple.^ — Son  of  John  Chieslie,  Minister  at  Quodquen,  in  the 
Sheriffdom  of  Lanark.  Died  13th  February  1704,  aged  70.  Mar.  Agnes,  daughter 
of  Samuel  Rutherfurd,  Principal  of  St.  Mary's  College,  St.  Andrews. 

CHILD,  WILLIAM  ARUNDALE.  18th  November  1825. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  Archibald  Crauford  ;  and  (2)  James  Dunlop. — Son  of  William 
Child  of  Glencorse,  Merchant  in  Edinburgh.  Died  at  Tobago,  20th  October  1861, 
aged  58.  Mar.  21st  February  1856,  Amelia  White.  Stipendiary  Magistrate  of 
island  of  Tobago. 

CHRISTIAN,  JAMES.  12th  February  1829. 

Apprentice  to  George  Hogarth. — Son  of  Peter  Christian,  Writer  in  Stonehaven. 
Born  1801.  Died  11th  August  1876.  Mar.  8th  July  1839,  Robina,  youngest 
daughter  of  Robert  Renton,  Edinburgh.  Sheriff-Clerk  of  Kincardineshire. 
1861-76, 


LIST   OF  MEMBERS  '  39 

CHRISTIE,  JAMES,  of  Whythouse.  30th  December  1647. 

Apprentice  to  Robert  Kirkwood. — ^Nephew  of  David  Christie  of  Over  Stentou, 
Dieil  November  1670.     Re-admitted  21st  November  1661. 

CHRISTIE,  JOHN  COCKBURN.  8th  February  1838. 

Apprentice  to  George  Turnbull.— Sou  of  David  Christie,  Writer  in  Edinburgh. 
Bom  29th  April  1812.  Died  29th  August  1880.  Mar.  October  1842,  his  cousin, 
Helen,  daughter  of  Hector  Christie  of  Lentou,  Nottingham.  Keeper  of  the 
Register  of  Deeds,  etc.,  1869-73.     Deputy-Keeper  of  the  Records,  1873-80. 

CHRISTIE,  ROBERT  LINDSAY  BRUCE  STAIiK.  11th  December  1856. 

Apprentice  to  Charles  Morton. — Second  son  of  Robert  Stark  Christie  of  Teasses, 
Fiie.  J5ww  18th  December  1832.  i>ie<i  27th  December  1889.  Mar.  25th  November 
1868,  Julianne  Cockburn,  daughter  of  Captain  Alexander  Scott,  7  2d  Regiment. 

CHRISTIE,  WALTER  CROSS  BUCHANAN.  15th  July  1889. 

Apprentice  to  Charles  Morton  and  John  Neilson. — Elder  son  of  Thomas  Craig 
Christie  of  Bedlay  and  Petershill,  Lanarkshire.    Born  5th  December  1862. 

CHRISTISON,  JOHN.  25th  November  1858. 

Apprentice  to  James  Hope,  Robert  Oliphant,  and  Robert  Macka3\ — Son  of  Sir 
Robert  Christison,  Bart.,  M.D.    Born  14th  October  1832. 

CLAPPERTON,  GEORGE.  12th  December  1793. 

Apprentice  to  William  Aytoun. — Son  of  William  Clapperton,  Merchant  in  Edin- 
burgh.    Died  1st  August  1814. 

CLAPPERTON,  THOMAS.  2d  November  1881. 

Apprentice  to  W.  Traquair,  W.  T.  Dickson,  and  T.  S.  MacLaren. — Son  of  John 
Clapperton,  Merchant  in  Gorebridge.    Born  15th  September  1857. 

CLARK,  GEORGE  BENNET.  30th  May  1878. 

Apprentice  to  J.  B.  Innes  and  John  and  Charles  B.  Logan. — Son  of  William 
Bennet  Clark,  Advocate.  Bm-n  8th  May  1863.  Mar.  28th  December  1882, 
Harriet  Sophia,  daughter  of  Dr.  Martin,  Edinburgh. 

CLARK,  JOHN.  29th  July  1695. 

Apprentice  to  Robert  Bell. — Mar.  Janet  Paterson. 

CLARK,  WILLIAM.  7th  July  1803. 

Apprentice  to  Craufurd  Tait. — Eldest  son  of  David  Clark,  Merchant  in  Edin- 
burgh. Died  8th  November  1863,  aged  84.  Mar.  29th  August  1814,  Margaret, 
daughter  of  the  Rev.  William  Bennet,  minister  of  Duddingston.  Sheriff- 
Substitute  of  Clackmannanshire,  1832-52. 

CLARK,  WILLIAM  MORTIMER.  17th  February  1859. 

Apprentice  to  John  Scott. — Son  of  John  Clark,  Manager  of  the  Aberdeen  Insur- 
ance Company.  Bm-n  24th  May  1836.  Mar.  22d  November  1866,  Helen,  daughter 
of  Gilbert  Gordon,  Peterborough.  Called  to  Bar  of  Ontario  1867.  Chairman, 
Knox  College  ;  and  Member  of  Senate,  University  of  Toronto.     Q.C.  1890. 


40  THE  SOCIETY  OF   WEITERS   TO   THE   SIGNET 

CLARKE,  ALLAN,  of  Woodside.  29th  June  1759. 

Apprentice  to  Andrew  Wallace.— Son  of  William  Clarke,  Merchant  in  Linlithgow. 
Died  8th  January  1810. 

CLASON,  ANDREW,  of  Hallyards.  5th  December  1811. 

Apprentice  to  Sir  William  Drysdale.— Son  of  the  Rev.  Robert  Clason,  Minister  of 
Logie.    Born  26th  April  1787.     Died  23d  September  1850,  unmairied. 

CLEGHORN,  DAVID.  8th  July  1800. 

Apprentice  to  Charles  Bremner.— Son  of  Thomas  Cleghorn,  Inspector-General  of 
Imports  and  Exports  for  Scotland.  Boi-n  13th  November  1775.  Died  24th 
October  1840,  immarried.    Crown  Agent,  1833-35,  1837-40. 

CLEGHORN,  GEORGE,  of  Weens.  6th  December  1804. 

Apprentice  to  William  Macdonald. — Second  son  of  Thomas  Cleghorn,  Coach- 
maker  in  Edinburgh.  Bmn  1780.  Died  7th  July  1855.  Mar.  5th  February 
1822,  Marion  Catherine,  third  daughter  of  John  Dalton  of  Sleningford  'Park, 
Yorks.    Author  of  Remarks  on  Ancient  and  Modern  Art,  1837. 

CLEPHANE,  HENRY.  30th  January  1798. 

Apprentice  to  William  Lumsdaine. — Fifth  son  of  George  Clephane  of  Carslogie, 
Fifeshire.     Died  1 8th  October  1818. 

CLERK,  MALCOLM  HENRY.  20th  April  1877. 

Apprentice  to  J.  M.  Lindsay,  Alexander  Howe,  and  William  Macgillivray. — Third 
son  of  John  Clerk,  Q.C.  Born  14th  May  1853.  Died  in  Ceylon  11th  May  1890, 
unmarried. 

COCKBURN,  GEORGE.  8th  December  1697. 

Apprentice  to  Laurence  Oliphant. — Son  of  James  Cockbum,  Provost  of 
Haddington.     Mar.  Elizabeth  Wallace. 

COCKBURN,  THOMAS,  of  Rowchestek.  18th  January  1749. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  James  Home;  and  (2)  Andrew  Wallace. — Third  son  of  David 
Cockbum,  Bailie  of  Langton,  Berwickshire.  Bmn  1723.  Died  13th  July  1787. 
Mar.  December  1752,  Agnes,  only  child  of  John  Scott  of  Belford.  Deputy- 
Keeper  of  the  Great  Seal. 

COLDSTREAM,  JOHN  PHILIPS.  14th  November  1866. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  Robert  Blair  Maconochie  and  W.  J.  Menzies;  and  (2)  R.  B. 
Maconochie.— Second  son  of  John  Coldstream,  M.D.,  Edinburgh.  Bom  6th  June 
1842.  Mar.  25th  April  1871,  Emily,  second  daughter  of  George  Rawson,  Lanes- 
field,  Bristol,  and  widow  of  James  Henderson,  M.D.,  Shanghai.  Assistant  Clerk 
of  Session,  1872-86.    Author  of  Procedure  in  ilie  Court  of  Session,  1878. 

COLQUHOUN,  GEORGE,  of  Balhartie.  Ist  February  1664. 

Apprentice  to  George  Cruickshank. — Died  about  1691.  Mar.  (1)  5th  December 
1657,  Christian  Watson;  and  (2)  12th  July  1667,  Isobel  Henderson, 


LIST  OF   MEMBERS  41 

COLQUHOUN,  JAMES.  17th  March  1797. 

Apprentice  to  William  Blair. — Son  of  Robert  Colquhour,,  Farmer  at  Touch. 
Died  29th  June  1797. 

COLQUHOUN,  WILLIAM  DALZELL,  of  Garscadden.  9th  July  1789. 

Apprentice  to  David  Erskin. — Son  of  David  Dalzell,  Merchant  in  Glasgow.  Died 
28th  January  180G.  Mar.  I6th  December  1801,  Elizabeth  Glen,  youngest  daughter 
of  Sir  Hay  Campbell  of  Succoth,  Bart.     Assumed  name  of  Colquhoun,  1801. 

COMBE,  GEORGE.  '  31st  January  1812. 

Apprentice  to  Alexander  Dallas. — Third  son  of  George  Combe,  Brewer  in 
Edinburgh.  Bmn  21st  October  1788.  Died  Uth  August  1858.  Mar.  25th 
September  1833,  Cecilia,  daughter  of  Mrs.  Siddons,  Tragedian.  Author  of  the 
Constitution  of  Man,  and  other  works  on  Phrenology. 

COMRIE,  PATRICK.  8th  March  1704. 

Resigned  his  Commission  27th  June  1751. 

CONNELL,  ARCHIBALD.  28th  June  1821. 

Apprentice  to  James  Hope. — Second  son  of  John  Connell,  Advocate.  Born  1798. 
Died  Uth  March  1843,  unmarried. 

CONNELL,  JAMES,  of  Conheath.  18th  June  1829. 

Apprentice  to  John  and  Walter  Fcrrier. — Only  son  of  James  Connell  of  Conheath, 
Dumfriesshire.  Born  1805.  Died  12th  February  1876.  Mar.  (1)  20th  April 
1848,  Isabella  Lydia,  daughter  of  Thomas  Corrie,  W.S. ;  and  (2)  28th  April  1864, 
Matilda  Hay,  widow  of  Major-General  Cox. 

CONSTABLE,  NELSON  BRIGGS.  28th  January  1881. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  Henry  Inghs;  (2)  R.  W.  Wallace;  and  (3)  J.  A.  Trail.— Son  of 
William  Briggs  Constable  of  Benarty,  Fife  and  Kinross.     Bwn  24th  June  1854. 

COOK,  CHARLES.  3d  August  1876. 

Apprentice  to,  and  son  of,  John  Cook,  W.S. — Born  18th  August  1850. 

COOK,  HENRY.  30th  November  1871. 

Apprentice  to,  and  son  of,  John  Cook,  W.S. — Born  28th  July  1848.  Mar.  17th 
June  1879,  Margaret,  daughter  of  John  Patten,  W.S. 

COOK,  JOHN. 

Signs  the  Acts  26th  December  1627. 

COOK,  JOHN.  10th  March  1836. 

Apprentice  to,  and  eldest  son  of,  Walter  Cook,  W.S. — Bom  21st  May  1813.  Mar. 
12th  October  1842,  Margaret  Sophia,  daughter  of  Lieut. -General  Sir  John  Hope, 
G.C.H.     Collector  of  Widows'  Fund,  1861. 

F 


42  THE  SOCIETY  OF  WRITERS  TO  THE  SIGNET 

COOK,  WALTER.  18th  May  1801. 

Apprentice  to  James  Ferrier. — Son  of  Rev.  .Tohn  Cook  of  Newburn,  Professor  of 
Moral  Philosophy  in  the  University  of  St.  Andrews.  Born  24th  June  1776. 
Died  17th  February  1861.  Mar.  (1)  12th  October  1809,  Johanna,  second 
daughter  of  John  Moncreiffe  of  Sauchopwood ;  and  (2)  12th  June  1820,  Mary, 
second  daughter  of  Alexander  Chrystie  of  Balchrystie.  Collector  of  Widows' 
Fund,  1828-61. 

COOPER,  ALEXANDER  HILL.  20th  April  1877. 

Apprentice  to  Frederick  Pitman. — Younger  son  of  William  Cooper  of  Failford, 
Ayrshire.  Bm-n  22d  January  1852.  Mar.  27th  Jul}-  1881,  Cecilia,  daughter  of 
Henry  Ritchie  Cooper  of  Ballindalloch,  Stirlingshire. 

COOPER,  GEORGE.  25th  June  1770. 

Apprentice  to  Archibald  Stuart. — Second  son  of  Richard  Cooper,  Civil  Engineer 
in  Edinburgh.     Died  28th  March  1777. 

COOPER,  WILLIAM,  of  Failford.  22d  November  1832. 

Apprentice  to  Walter  Dickson  and  James  Steuart. — Son  of  Samuel  Cooper  of 
Failford  and  Balhndalloch.  Born  28th  March  1808.  Died  31st  December  1880. 
Mar.  (1)  30th  July  1835,  Isabella,  daughter  of  Robert  Clark  of  Comrie  Castle, 
Perthshire;  (2)  17th  October  1845,  Margaret,  daughter  of  Rev.  Alexander  HiD, 
D.D.,  Professor  of  Divinity  in  the  University  of  Glasgow. 

CORMACK,  JOHN  BELL.  24th  May  1827. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  James  Saunders  Robertson ;  and  (2)  James  Amott. — Son  of 
Alexander  Cormack,  Merchant  in  Newfoundland.    Died  1870. 

CORNWALL,  THOMAS.  10th  December  1829. 

Apprentice  to  Donald  Home. — Son  of  James  Cornwall,  Commissioner  of  Excise. 
B&rn  1803.     Died  3d  June  1833,  unmarried. 

CORRIE,  HUGH,  of  Culloch.  3d  July  1772. 

Apprentice  to  John  Davidson. — Second  son  of  James  Corrie  of  Speddoch, 
Dumfriesshire.  Died  1st  June  1805.  Mar.  September  1772,  Mary,  daughter  of 
the  Rev.  John  Collow,  Minister  of  Penpont. 

CORRIE,  THOMAS,  of  Steilston.  3d  March  1818. 

Apprentice  to  James  Gilchrist. — Only  son  of  Hugh  Corrie,  W.S.  Died  15th 
April  1859.  Mar.  2  2d  March  1814,  Clementina  Blair,  youngest  daughter  of 
Lieut.-Colonel  Andrew  Ross,  31st  Regiment.  Admitted  Advocate  14th  December 
1811.     Manager  of  British  Linen  Company  Bank,  1828-59. 

COSENS,  JOHN.  14th  November  1851. 

Apprentice  to  James  Shepherd  and  T.  M.  Grant — Son  of  the  Rev.  Peter  Cosens, 
Minister  of  Lauder.  Bmii  15th  April  1827.  Died  26th  November  1857, 
unmarried. 


LIST   OF   MEMBEES  4,3 

COSENS,  PETER  HUNTER.  20th  October  1890. 

Apprentice  to  D.  S.  MoncriefF  and  J.  A.  Traill. — Son  of  the  Rev.  Alexander 
Thomson  Cosens,  Minister  of  Broughton.     Bmn  25th  May  1864. 

COTTON,  WILLIAM.  12th  April  1886. 

Apprentice  to  George  Robertson  and  J.  H.  Finlay. — Son  of  William  Cotton, 
residing  in  Edinburgh.  Born  22d  August  1863.  Mar.  15th  April  1889,  Alice 
Maud,  daughter  of  Thomas  William  Rose,  Ealing,  Middlesex. 

COUPER,  ADAM,  of  Gogar. 

Second  son  of  James  Couper  of  Gogar. — Died  3d  December  1608.  Mar.  (1) 
Margaret  Danielstoun,  of  the  Colgrain  family ;  and  (2)  3d  November  1607, 
Elizabeth  Home.     Fiscal,  1596-99.     Principal  Clerk  of  Session. 

COUPER,  ALEXANDER,  of  Foulfoord. 

Commissioner,  24th  January  1642. — Third  son  of  Adam  Couper  of  Gogar,  W.S. 
Born  15th  November  1598.  Mar.  (1)  Catherine  Cochrane,  of  the  family  of  Bar- 
bachlay ;  and  (2)  24th  August  1631,  Isobel  Rae. 

COUPER,  JOHN  GIBSON.  12th  April  1886. 

Apprentice  to  Robert  Strathern. — Son  of  George  Gordon  Douglas  Couper,  resid 
ing  in  Edinburgh.     Bm-n  11th  April  1861. 

COUPER,  PETER.  6th  June  1803. 

Apprentice  to  John  Campbell,  teiiius. — Son  of  Peter  Couper,  Shipmaster  in 
Leith.  Died  1854,  aged  73.  Mar.  27th  March  1809,  Mary,  eldest  daughter  of 
Archibald  Richardson,  Merchant  in  Leith. 

COUTTS,  THOMAS.  Ist  July  1611. 

Apprentice  to  Thomas  Young. — Died  28th  April  1627.     Mar.  Elizabeth  Booge. 

COVENTRY,  HENRY  JOHN.  17th  July  1862. 

Apprentice  to  Thomas  Graham  Murray. — Third  son  of  the  Rev.  George  Coventry 
of  Shanwell,  Kinross-shire.  Born  5th  June  1834.  Mar.  19th  September  1867, 
Mary  Jane  Douglas,  third  daughter  of  Michael  Thomson  Carmichael  of  Eastend. 

COWAN,  ALEXANDER.  1st  July  1828. 

Apprentice  to  James  and  Charles  Nairne. — Third  son  of  Alexander  Cowan, 
Papermaker  at  Valleyfield.  Burn  9tli  November  1804.  Died  at  Bonn  11th 
December  1831,  aged  27.  Mar.  1st  September  1829,  Jane  Annesley,  daughter  of 
Thomas  Thompson,  M.P.  for  Evesham. 

COWAN,  HUGH.  17th  January  1822. 

Apprentice  to  Alexander  Hunter. — Son  of  William  Cowan  of  Corsehill,  Banker 
in  Ayr.     Born  1798.     Died  9th  January  1835,  unmarried. 


44  THE   SOCIETY   OF  WKITERS   TO   THE   SIGNET 

COWAN,  JOHN.  28th  June  1860 

Apprentice  to  Patrick  Dalmahoy. — Third  son  of  John  Cowan,  Advocate,  one  of 
the  Senators  of  the  College  of  Justice.  Born  1 4th  December  1836.  Commissioner 
of  Lunacy  for  Scotland,  1881.     Crown  Agent,  1886.     Fiscal,  20th  December  1887. 

COWAN,  KICHARD.  6th  December  1803. 

Apprentice  to  Harry  Davidson. — Son  of  Robert  Cowan,  Merchant  in  Glasgow. 
Bor7i  1780.     Died  20th  May  1837,  unmarried. 

COWAN,  ROBERT.  14th  November  1833. 

Apprentice  to  Richard  Cowan. — Son  of  Walter  Cowan,  Merchant  in  Leith.  Bwu 
1st  March  1809. 

COWAN,  ROBERT  BRUCE.  13thAprill885. 

Apprentice  to  J.  A.  Jamieson,  James  Craik,  and  John  W.  Tod. — Son  of  John 
Cowan,  of  Greenock.     Born  7th  January  1861. 

COWIE,  HENRY.  18th  January  1749. 

Apprentice  to  James  Ramsay. — Eldest  son  of  Archibald  Cowie,  Portioner  of 
Pockneive,  Stirlingshire.     Died  before  1754. 

COX,  CHARLES  THOMAS.  17th  March  1890. 

Apprentice  to  James  H.  Jameson. — Son  of  George  Addison  Cox  of  Invertrossachs, 
Perthshire.    Born  8th  June  1865. 

COX,  ROBERT,  11th  July  1832. 

Apprentice  to  George  Combe. — Son  of  Robert  Cox  of  Gorgie  Mill,  Mid-Lothian. 
Born  25th  February  1810.  Died  3d  February  1872,  unmarried.  Author  of 
Sabbath  Laws  and  Sabbath  Duties,  1853,  and  other  works. 

CRAIG,  HENRY  VIVIAN  GIBSON-,  8th  September  1870. 

Apprentice  to  John  and  Henry  Gordon  Gibson. — Third  son  of  Sir  William  Gibson- 
Craig  of  Riccartou,  Bart.  Born  25th  September  1847.  Mar.  27th  June  1882, 
Emily  Dulcibella,  daughter  of  Montagu  Wilmot  of  Norton,  Swansea. 

CRAIG,  JAMES,  of  Dalnair  and  Costerton.  13th  May  1707. 

Apprentice  to  William  Forrester. — Died  5  th  August  1743.  Mar.  February  1708, 
Magdalen,  daughter  of  Alexander  Chaplane  of  Colliston,  Forfarshire,  W.S. 

CRAIG,  SIR  JAMES  GIBSON-,  of  Riccarton,  Bart.  21st  December  1786. 

Apprentice  to  William  Anderson. — Second  son  of  William  Gibson,  Merchant  in 
Edinburgh.  Born  11th  October  1765.  Died  6th  March  1850.  Mar.  14th 
September  1796,  Anne,  youngest  daughter  of  James  Thomson,  Merchant  in 
Edinburgh.  Assumed  the  name  of  Craig  by  royal  licence  on  30th  May  1823. 
Created  a  Baronet  30th  September  1831. 

CRAIG,  JAMES  THOMSON  GIBSON-,  25th  June  1824. 

Apprentice  to,  and  second  son  of,  Sir  James  Gibson-Craig,  Bart.— ^or«  12  th 
March  1799.  Died  18th  July  1886.  Mar.  23d  November  1841,  Jane,  daughter 
of  Sir  John  Peter  Grant  of  Rothiemurchus,  and  widow  of  Colonel  Pennington. 


LIST   OF   MEMBERS  45 

CRAIG,  JOHN  MOORE.  18th  December  1834. 

Apprentice  to  ^ueas  Macbean. — Son  of  John  Craig  of  Prestonhohne,  Merchant 
in  Leith.  Born  11th  October  1809.  Died  at  the  Cape,  of  Good  Hope  10th 
February  1845,  unmarried. 

CRAIG,  WILLIAM.  7th  March  1815. 

Apprentice  to  James  Little. — Eldest  son  of  James  Craig,  Supervisor  of  Excise, 
Ayr,  and  afterwards  at  Haddington.  Died  1826.  Mai:  9th  December  1818, 
Margaret  Ann,  youngest  daughter  of  Gillean  Maclean  of  Scalasdale. 

CRAIGIE,  DAVID,  of  Dunbarney.  9th  July  1756. 

Apprentice  to  Laurence  Craigie. — Third  son  of  Robert  Craigie  of  Glendoick, 
Perthshire,  Lord  President  of  the  Court  of  Session.  Died  17th  August  1796. 
Mar.  Dorothea,  daughter  of  Sir  George  Clerk  Maxwell  of  Penicuik,  Bart 

CRAIGIE,  HENRY.  7th  July  1829. 

Apprentice  to  Roger  Aytoun. — Fifth  son  of  John  Craigie  of  Quebec.  Born  1807. 
Died  19th  April  1867.  Mar.  23d  July  1839,  Jessie,  daughter  of  Alexander 
Falconar  of  Falconhall,  Edinburgh. 

CRAIGIE,  LAURENCE.  6th  February  1744. 

Apprentice  to  Archibald  Stuart — Second  son  of  Laurence  Craigie  of  Kilgraston, 
Perthshire,  Advocate.  Mar.  Miss  Duncan  of  Lundie.  Resigned  his  Commission 
15th  July  1780.     Died  1781. 

CRAIGIE,  WILLIAM  CHARLES.  11th  July  1771. 

Apprentice  to  Samuel  Mitchelson,  Junr. — Second  son  of  Thomas  Craigie,  Professor 
of  Moral  Philosophy  in  the  University  of  Glasgow.     Died  29th  May  1790. 

CRAIK,  JAMES.  9th  February  1871. 

Apprentice  to  Thomas  G.  Murray  and  James  A.  Jamieson. — Son  of  Rev.  James 
Craik,  D.D.,  Glasgow.  Born  13th  March  1841.  Mar.  12th  November  1872, 
Gertrude  Honora,  daughter  of  Joseph  Bowstead  of  Hyde  House,  Gloucestershire. 
Deputy  Keeper  of  the  Privy  Seal,  1874. 

CRANSTON,  THOMAS,  ov  Dewak.  1st  August  1786. 

Apprentice  to  Samuel  Mitchelson,  Senr. — Eldest  son  of  George  Cranston  of  Dewar, 
Mid-Lothian.     Born  1760.     Died  21st  October  1836,  unmarried. 

CRAUFORD,  ARCHIBALD.  20th  May  1794. 

Apprentice  to  John  Russell,  Junr. — Son  of  James  Crauford,  Writer  in  Ayr. 
Died  28th  September  1806. 

CRAUFUIRD,  ARCHIBALD,  of  Ardmillan.  10th  March  1803. 

Apprentice  to  Alexander  Young.— Eldest  son  of  Archibald  Craufuird  of  Ardmillan, 
Ayrshire.  Died  16th  May  1824.  Mar.  4th  November  1802,  Jiis  cousin,  Margaret 
d'Albojuf,  daughter  of  Thomas  Craufuird  of  Ardmillan. 


m  THE   SOCIETY   OF   WEITEKS   TO  THE   SIGNET 

CRAW,  JOHN.  7th  July  1795. 

Apprentice  to  John  Taylor. — Son  of  John  Craw,  Writer  in  Haddington.  Died 
23d  March  1816,  aged  44.  Buried  in  Holyrood  Abbey.  Mar.  Margaret,  daughter 
of  John  Hardie,  Brewer,  St.  Ann's  Yard,  Edinburgh.     Bailie  of  Holyrood. 

CRAWFORD,  ALEXANDER.  16th  December  1830. 

Apprentice  to  William  Patrick.— Son  of  William  Crawford,  Professor  of  Moral 
Philosophy  in  the  University  of  St.  Andrews.  Born  1801.  Died  12th  March 
1838.  Mar.  6th  October  1834,  Jane  Brown,  daughter  of  Archibald  Douglas, 
Advocate. 

CRAWFORD,  HEW,  of  Jokdanhill.  14th  December  1716. 

Apprentice  to  Robert  Campbell. — Eldest  son  of  James  Crawford  of  Jordanhill, 
Renfrewshire.  Died  21st  February  1756.  Mar.  Mary,  daughter  of  Mr.  James 
Greenshiels,  Rector  of  Fiunough,  Tipperary.     Writer  to  the  Prince  of  Wales. 

CRAWFORD,  JAMES.  9th  August  1770. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  Alexander  Stevenson  of  Montgreenan ;  and  (2)  William  Eraser. 
— Second  son  of  Hugh  Crawford  of  Raisleygate.  Mar.  Catherine  Brown.  Died 
18th  April  1783. 

CRAWFORD,  JAMES.  10th  March  1819. 

Apprentice  to  John  Mowbray. — Second  son  of  Hugh  Crawford  of  Brownmuir, 
Writer  in  Greenock.  Died  17th  November  1868,  aged  70.  Mar.  22d  July  1819, 
Eliza  Harvey  Bell. 

CRAWFORD,  JAMES.  27th  June  1833. 

Apprentice  to  Walter  Dickson  and  James  Steuart. — Son  of  Alexander  Crawford, 
tenant  in  Rhodes,  near  North  Berwick.  Bwn  17th  December  1808.  Died  17th 
November  1863.  Mar.  (1)  25th  August  1846,  Euphemia,  daughter  of  Andrew 
Somerville,  Luffness;  and  (2)  25th  November  1856,  Jane  Watt,  daughter  of 
Robert  Davidson,  H.E.I.C.S. 

CRAWFORD,  RONALD,  of  Restalrig.  7th  March  1732. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  John  Mein ;  and  (2)  James  Armour. — Third  son  of  Patrick 
Crawford  of  Auchenames,  Ayrshire.  Died  11th  July  1762.  Mar.  August  1743, 
Katherine,  daughter  of  John  Forbes  of  Newhall,  Advocate. 

CRAWFURD,  JOHN.  16th  July  1661. 

Apprentice  to  James  Campbell. — Son  of  Hugh  Crawfurd  of  Auchinwey.  Died 
1667. 

CRAWFURD,  ROBERT,  of  Crawfurdtoun.  8th  March  1688. 

Apprentice  to  Hugh  Wallace  of  Inglistoun. — Died  1699.    Mar.  Margaret  Cathcart. 

CRAWFURD,  JAMES.  29th  June  1661. 

Apprentice  to  James  Campbell. — Second  son  of  Patrick  Crawfurd  of  Auchenames. 


LIST  OF  MEMBEKS  47 

CEEASE,  GEORGE.  22d  December  1836. 

Apprentice  to  Alexander  Stevenson. — Son  of  William  Crea.se,  Merchant  in 
Edinburgh.     Born  15th  June  1810.     Died  6th  April  1838. 

CEICHTON,  DAVID. 

Signs  the  Acts  26th  December  1627. 

CRICHTON,  HEW  HAMILTON.  14th  May  1849. 

Apprentice  to  James  Campbell  Tait. — Son  of  Hew  Crichton,  S.S.C.  in  Edinburgh. 
Bom  7th  September  1820. 

CROMBIE,  ALEXANDER,  of  Thornton.  17th  January  1861. 

Appi-entice  to  Thomas  George  Mackay  and  Alexander  Howe. — Eldest  son  of 
Alexander  Crombie  of  Thornton,  Kincardineshire.  Born  29th  November  1836. 
Mar.  7th  September  1870,  Elizabeth,  .second  daughter  of  Dr.  John  Marshall, 
Chatton  Park,  Northumberland. 

CROMBIE,  ANDREW.  27th  Februai-y  1817. 

Apprentice  to  William  Balderston. — Son  of  John  Crombie,  Dyer  in  Edinburgh. 
Boi-n  23d  May  1793.  Died  in  Tasmania  20th  July  1859.  Mar.  11th  June  1834, 
Margaret,  daughter  of Norgett,  Hobart-Town,  Tasmania. 

CROMBIE,  OR  CRUMMEY,  THOMAS.  3d  March  160G. 

Mar.  Margaret,  daughter  of  James  Ker,  Merchant  Burgess  of  Edinburgh. 

CROOKS,  PETER.  8th  March  1821. 

Apprentice  to  Alexander  Dallas. — Son  of  Peter  Crooks,  Gardener  at  the  Dean. 
Born  1799.  Died  4th  March  1844.  Mar.  5th  October  1824,  Marion,  daughter  of 
Peter  Dods,  Haddington.     Collector  of  Fee  Fund,  Court  of  Session,  1840-44. 

CRUICKSHANK,  GEORGE.  18th  August  1652. 

Apprentice  to  John  Semple.— Died  February  1669.  Mar.  5th  December  1661, 
Elizabeth  Gawin.     Clerk  1654-60.    Re-admitted  5th  April  1661. 

CULLEN,  JOHN.  4th  July  1828. 

Apprentice  to  James  Greig. — Fifth  son  of  Thomas  CuUen,  farmer,  Dalmamock. 
Bo^-n  1802.  Died  June  1863.  Mar.  9th  August  1841,  Catherine  Ann,  daughter 
of  William  Buchanan,  Advocate. 

CULLEN,  WILLIAM  JAMES,  LL.B.  15th  July  1884. 

Apprentice  to  James,  J.  H.,  and  L.  M.  Balfour. — Son  of  Thomas  Cullen,  Inspector 
of  Stamps  and  Taxes,  Edinburgh.  Born  9th  September  1859.  Mar.  4th  July 
1888,  Grace  Rutherford,  youngest  daughter  of  William  John  Clark,  Withington, 
Manchester.     Resigned  his  commission  28th  January  1890. 

CUMINE,  FRANCIS  GARDEN.  16th  February  1832. 

Apprentice  to  George  Robinson  and  Joseph  Paterson. — Son  of  Archibald  Cumine 
of  Auchry,  Aberdeenshire.     Born  4th  October  1803.     Died  1843,  unmarried. 


48  THE   SOCIETY  OF   WEITERS  TO  THE  SIGNET 

CUMING,  GEORGE,  of  Relugas.  3d  July  1778. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  William  Budge;  and  (2)  John  Mackenzie  of  Delvin. — Fourth 
son  of  Dr.  Patrick  Cuming  of  Relugas,  Minister  at  Edinburgh.  Bo)-n  1744.  Died 
2d  October  1804.  Mar.  4th  January  1783,  Susanna  Judith  Craigie,  daughter  of 
Colonel  Charles  Halket  of  Halhill,  Fifeshire. 

GUMMING,  GEORGE.  5th  December  1833. 

Apprentice  to  Joseph  Gordon. — Son  of  John  Gumming,  Banker  in  Forres.  Boin 
16th  October  1809.  Died  8th  September  1883.  Mar.  5th  October  1847,  Jane  Maria, 
daughter  of  Robert  Edmunds,  London,  and  widow  of  William  Henry  Burgess. 

GUMMING,  JAMES.  12th  January  1730. 

Apprentice  to  Hugh  Somerville.     Mar.  Ann,  daughter  of  William  Alves,  W.S. 

CUMYNG,  MATHEW. 

Signs  the  Acts  26th  December  1627. 

GUNINGHAM,  ALEXANDER.  30th  January  1798. 

Apprentice  to  Samuel  Mitchelson,  Junr. — Eldest  son  of  the  Rev.  Charles  Cuning- 
ham,  Minister  of  Tranent.  Died  23d  February  1827,  aged  81.  Mar.  April  1774, 
Fordyce,  daughter  of  William  Gray  of  Newholm,  Lanarkshire. 

GUNINGHAM,  ALEXANDER,  of  Newholm.  13th  December  1827. 

Apprentice  to  Richard  Mackenzie. — Son  of  Charles  Cuningham,  of  Newholm, 
W.S.  Bm-n  29th  April  1805.  Di^d  16th  June  1883.  Mar.  31st  July  1834, 
Caroline,  daugliter  of  Major-General  Alured  Dodsworth  Faunce,  C.B.  Secretary 
to  Commissioners  of  Northern  Light,  1842-74. 

CUNINGHAM,  CHARLES,  of  Newholm.  19  th  February  1808. 

Apprentice  to  Robert  Dundas. — Son  of  Alexander  Cuningham,  W.S.  Died  27th 
January  1856,  aged  82.  Mar.  5th  June  1799,  Elizabeth,  daughter  of  John  Weir 
of  Kerse.     Town-Clerk  of  Edinburgh,  4th  February  1807  to  1851. 

CUNINGHAM,  EDMUND  CYPRIAN.  24th  January  1878. 

Apprentice  to  R.  L.  Stuart  and  Harry  Cheyne. — Son  of  Alexander  Cuningham 
of  Newholm,  W.S.     Barn  7th  March  1853. 

CUNINGHAM,  JOHN,  of  Bandalloch.  29th  December  1684. 

Apprentice  to  .Tames  Cunningham. — Son  of  William  Cuningham  of  Drumbeg, 
Stirlingshire.  Died  24th  February  1716.  Mar.  Jean,  daughter  of  William  Weir 
of  Blackwood,  Lanarkshire.     Fiscal,  1690-95. 

CUNINGHAM,  JOHN,  of  Balbegy.  24th  June  1713. 

Apprentice  to,  and  son  of,  John  Cuningham  of  Bandalloch,  W.S. — Died  1770. 

CUNINGHAM,  WILLIAM,  of  Bandalloch.  2d  February  1713. 

Apprentice  to,  and  son  of,  John  Cuningham  of  Bandalloch,  W.S. — Died  suddenly 
in  Parliament  House  8th  December  1743.  Mar.  28th  April  1708,  Martha 
daughter  of  Sir  George  Suttie  of  Balgone,  Bart, 


LIST  OF  MEMBEES  49 

CUNINGHAM,  WILLIAM  GRAY.  1st  July  1824. 

Apprentice  to,  and  son  of,  Charles  Cuningham  of  Newholm,  W.S. — Born  6tL 
December  1800.  Died  31st  December  1838.  Mar.  21st  June  1831,  Janetta, 
daughter  of  Captain  Charles  Grant  of  Greenpark,  Linlithgowshire. 

CUNNINGHAM,  ALEXANDER,  of  Harperfield.  11th  February  1702. 

Died  1708.  Jl/ar.  16th  October  1705,  Margaret,  daughter  of  Alexander  Stewart, 
D.C.S. 


CUNNINGHAM,  ALEXANDER,  of  Lathrisk.  4th  July  1748.  , 

Apprentice  to  Archibald  Campbell. — Third  son  of  Ninian  Cunningham,  Writer  in 
Edinburgh.     Died  17th  August  1780. 

CUNNINGHAM,  HUGH,  of  Monkredden.  12th  July  1695. 

Apprentice  to  John  Cunningham  of  Enterkine. — Died  22d  May  1704.  Mar. 
Anna  Brand. 

CUNNINGHAM,  or  CUNYNGHAME,  JAMES.  16th  March  1670. 

Apprentice  to  John  Cunningham  of  Enterkine. — Son  of  James  Cunynghame  in 
AUoway.  Mar.  Isobell  Graham.  Author  of  An  Essay  upon  the  Inscription  of  Mac- 
dufs  Cross  in  Fife,  1678. 

CUNNINGHAM,  JAMES.  19th  June  1823. 

Apprentice  to  James  Gibson. — Second  son  of  Alexander  Cunningham.  Edinburgh. 
Born  18th  March  1800.  Died  6tli  November  1878.  3Iar.  (1)  26th  April  1836, 
Margaret  Sheaffe,  youngest  daughter  of  Daniel  Bagot,  Dublin;  and  (2)  11th 
October  1846,  Elizabeth  Boyle,  youngest  daughter  of  Alexander  Dunlop  of 
Keppoch. 

CUNNINGHAM,  JOHN.  11th  December  1828. 

Apprentice  to  John  Gibson,  Junr. — Son  of  John  Cunningham  of  Balgounie, 
Perthshire.     Bom  1804.     Died  6th  April  1832,  unmarried. 

CUNNINGHAM,  JOHN,  of  Enterkine.  27th  November  1660. 

Apprentice  to  James  Campbell. — Son  of  Adam  Cunynghame  of  Previck,  Ayrshire. 
Died  May  1694.  Mar.  (1)  23d  January  1657,  Elizabeth  Paton;  and  (2)  1st 
June  1677,  Mary  Murray. 

CUNNINGHAM,  JOHN  SMITH,  of  Caprington.  10th  March  1803. 

Apprentice  to  Archibald  Tod. — Eldest  son  of  Thomas  Smith,  Writer  in  Edinburgh, 

Principal  Clerk  of  the  Bills.     Bom  22d  August  1780.     Died  3d  October  1855. 

Mar.   7th  April   1812,   Ann,  second  daughter   of  Sir  William  Cunningham  of 

Caprington,  Ayrshire.     Assumed  name  of  Cunningham. 
CUNNINGHAM,  SAMUEL.  24th  February  1809. 

Apprentice  to  John  Macnab. — Son  of  Patrick  Cunningham,  Writer  in  Edinburgh. 

Died  1815.     Mar.  February  1807,  Elizabeth,  daughter  of  John  Milne,  Ironmonger, 

Edinburgh. 


50  THE  SOCIETY  OF   WEITERS   TO  THE  SIGNET 

CUNNINGHAM,  WILLIAM,  of  Rathillet. 

Second  son  of  James  Cunningham  of  Ashinyards,  Ayrshire.  Mar.  Rebecca 
Muirhead,  daughter  of  the  Laird  ofLinhouse.  i)iec?  6th  August  1626.  Depute 
Keeper  of  the  Privy  Seal. 

CURLE,  JAMES.  13th  April  1886. 

Apprentice  to  William  Stuart  Eraser. — Eldest  son  of  Alexander  Curie  of  Morriston, 
Berwickshire,  and  Priorwood,  Melrose.    Bm-n  27th  March  1862. 

CURR,  WILLLAJVI  HENRY.  26th  October  1887. 

Apprentice  to  Ralph  and  William  John  Dundas  and  George  M.  Paul. — Son  of 
Henry  Curr,  Pitkellony,  Muthill,  Perthshire.    Born  14th  April  1863. 

CURRIER,  ANDREW.  28th  July  1715. 

Apprentice  to  James  Drummond. — Died  August  1740.  Mar.  (1)  Helen,  third 
daughter  of  Sir  George  Stirling  of  Glorat,  Bart. ;  and  (2)  April  1723,  Barbara, 
daughter  of  George  Alexander  of  Peppermiln,  Mid-Lothian. 

CURROR,  DAVID  ANDREW.  11th  January  1887. 

Apprentice  to  Thomas  Watt  Wallace. — Son  of  David  Curror  of  Wester  Craig- 
duckie,  Fifeshire,  S.S.C.     Bmii  1st  September  1861. 

CUTHBERTSON,  WILLIAM.  12th  November  1847. 

Apprentice  to  William  Bell. — Son  of  Thomas  Cuthbertson,  Coach-builder  in 
Edinburgh.  Bmi  1st  February  1813.  Died  2d  January  1864.  Mar.  9th  July 
1851,  Jane  Todd. 

DALGLEISH,  JAMES,  of  AVest  Grange  and  Ardnamurchan.    10th  March  1826. 

Apprentice  to  William  Mackenzie  and  Alexander  Monypenny. — Eldest  surviving 
son  of  John  Dalgleish  of  Dalbeath,  Fifeshire,  Lieut. -Colonel  21st  Foot.  Died  30th 
September  1870,  aged  67.  Mar.  30th  June  1835,  Elizabeth  Christian,  second 
daughter  of  Laurence  Johnston  of  Sands,  Perthshire. 

DALL,  CHARLES.  18th  June  1764. 

Apprentice  to  Alexander  Robertson.— Son  of  Robert  Dall,  Merchant  in  Arbroath. 
Died  26th  March  1773. 

DALLAS,  ALEXANDER,  of  Riddochhill.  6th  December  1803. 

Apprentice  to  J.  A.  Higgins. — Son  of  Alexander  Dallas,  Tacksman  of  Standaline, 
Nairnshire.  Bm-n  1770.  Died  4th  Februai-y  1834.  Mar.  (1)  Ann  Forbes,  and  (2)  15th 
November  1831,  Catherine,  daughter  of  Sir  William  Honyman  of  Armadale,  Bart. 

DALLAS,  GEORGE,  of  Saint  Martins.  16th  July  1661. 

Apprentice  to  John  Bayne.— Son  of  William  Dallas  of  Badyett.  Died  April  1 701. 
Mar.  3d  July  1660,  Margaret  Abercromby.  Fiscal,  1666-71.  M.P.  for  Cromarty- 
shire, 1665, 1667,  1669-74,  1678, 1681-2,  1685-6.  Author  of  A  System  of  Stiles  as 
now  p)-aclicahU  within  the  kingdom  of  Scotland,  1697. 


LIST   OF   MEMBERS  51 

DALLAS,  GEORGE,  of  Parkley.  17th  June  1723. 

Apprentice  to  iTeorge  Wilkie. — Son  of  George  Dallas  of  Parkley.  Died  1780. 
Mar.  Decembci  1728,  Susannah,  daughter  of  James  Mure  of  Eamshaw. 

DALLAS,  JAMES.  3d  July  1781. 

Apprentice  to  Robert  Boswell. — Eldest  son  of  Thomas  Dallas,  Surgeon  in  Mussel- 
burgh. Died  2d  January  1802.  Mar.  7th  April  1783,  Nancy,  daughter  of  John 
Milne  of  Stobcross.     Resigned  his  Commission  24th  May  1792. 

DALLAS,  WILLIAM.  5th  January  1687. 

Apprentice  to  George  Dallas  of  St.  Martins. — Mar.  10th  February  1689, 
Henrietta  Cockbum.     Joint  Fiscal,  1695  and  1697-1702. 

DALLAS,  WILLIAM.  1st  August  1788. 

Apprentice  to  Samuel  Mitchelson,  Junr. — Fourth  son  of  William  Dallas,  Wright 
in  Edinburgh.  Disd  27th  March  1852.  Mar.  21st  February  1797,  Elizabeth, 
youngest  daughter  of  James  Kerr,  of  the  island  of  Jamaica. 

DALLAS,  WILLIAM.  21st  December  1832. 

Apprentice  to,  and  son  of,  Alexander  Dallas,  W.S. — Born  25th  December  1805. 
Died  24th  February  1851.  Mar.  (1)  30th  March  1832,  Mary  Ann,  daughter  of 
John  Thomson  of  Northfield;  and  (2)  28th  October  1845,  Margaret  M'Ewen. 

DALMAHOY,  JAMES  ALEXANDER.  18th  July  1877. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  Patrick  Dalmahoy;  and  (2)  John  Cowan.— Son  of  Patrick 
Dalmahoy,  W.S.     JBm-n  8th  December  1853. 

DALMAHOY,  PATRICK,  of  Bowkrhouses.  5th  June  1823. 

Apprentice  to  John  Mowbray. — Son  of  Adam  Dalmahoy,  residing  in  Edinburgh. 
Born  11th  June  1798.  Di^sd  5th  September  1872.  Mar.  8th  January  1833,  Anna 
Catherine,  only  daughter  of  Simon  Sawers,  of  the  Ceylon  Civil  Service.  Fiscal, 
1864-72. 

DALRYMPLE,  ROBERT,  of  Killoch.  28th  March  1707. 

Apprentice  to  John  Cuningham. — Second  son  of  Sir  James  Dalrymple  of 
Borthwick,  Bart  5mi  25th  July  1685.  j9t«<?  2d  December  1765.  il/ar.  5th  Sep- 
tember 1711,  Elizabeth,  daughter  and  co-heir  of  John  Bo  wick,  Merchant,  Glasgow. 

DALRYMPLE,  ROBERT,  of  Dreghohn  and  Prestwoodside.     10th  December  1722. 

Apprentice  to  Robert  Dalrymple.— Son  of Dalrymple  of  Waterside,  Dumfries- 
shire.   Died  30th  March  1765,  aged  77. 

DALRYMPLE,  WILLIAM.  31st  March  1707. 

Son  of  Robert  Dalrymple,  one  of  the  Bailies  of  Ayr.— Died  7th  June  1732.     Mar. 

Janet  Menzies.     Under-Keeper  of  the  Signet,  1707-8. 
DALRYMPLE,  WILLIAM.  11th  December  1828. 

Apprentice  to  James  Lang. — Son  of  James  Dalrymple,  Merchant  in  Edinburgh. 

Born  1795.     Died  4th  November  1834.     Mar.  1833. 


H  THE   SOCIETY   OF  WEITEES   TO  THE   SIGNET 

DALEYMPLE,  WILLIAM.  8th  November  1849. 

Apprentice   to   John   Eichardson. — Eldest    son    of  William   Dalrymple,   S.S.C. 

Born  27th  April  1821.     Died  8th  January  1886.     Mar.  Mary  Agnes,  daughter 

of  James  Aitken,  Writer,  Edinburgh. 
DALZELL,  WILLIAM. 

See  CoLQUHouN,  William  Dalzelu 
DALZIEL,  GEOEGE.  24th  June  1824. 

Apprentice  to  John  Buchan  Brodie. — Son  of  John  Dalziel,  Writer  in  Earlston, 

Berwickshire.      Born  14th  January  1799.      Died  27th  June  1869.      Mar.  23d 

October  1827,  Charlotte,  second  daughter  of  David  Pearson,  Edinburgh.    Depute- 

Keeper  of  the  Privy  Seal,  1853-69. 
DALZIEL,  GEOEGE.  14th  November  1866. 

Apprentice  to,  and  son  of,  George  Dalziel,  W.S.— .Swrt  13th  July  1843.     Mar. 
29th  September  1868,  Mary,  eldest  daughter  of  Charles  Lyall,  Old  Montrose. 
DALZIEL,  JOHN.  15th  November  1860. 

Apprentice  to,  and  eldest  son  of,  George  Dalziel,  W.S. — Born  9th  August  1838. 

Died  24th  April  1883.     Mar.  26th  March  1863,  Isabella  Geddes,  eldest  daughter 

of  James  Sanderson,  Surgeon-Major,  Madras  Army. 
DANIEL,  PHINEAS.  16th  May  1822. 

Apprentice  to  George  Eobinson. — Son  of  George  Daniel,  Writer  in  Fraserburgh. 

Died  6th  January  1867,  aged  79.     Mar.  Clementina,  youngest  daughter  of  William 

Shand,  Craigellie,  Aberdeenshire.     Sheriff-Clerk  of  Dumbartonshire,  1834-67. 
DAELING,  JAMES  JOHNSTON.  25th  November  1824. 

Apprentice  to  Eobert  Strachan. — Younger  son  of  Paul  Darling  of  Bogangreen. 

Born  1799.     Died  1st  July    1842,  unmamed.      Author  of  the  Practice  of  the 

Court  of  Session,  1833,  and  other  legal  works. 
DAELING,  JAMES  STOEMONTH,  ok  Lednathie.  24th  January  1822. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  William  Balderston ;   and  (2)  AVilliam  Scott. — Son  of  James 

Darling,  Writer  in  Kelso.     Bom  9th  February  1799.     Died  12th  August  1866. 

3far.  19th  July  1825,  Elizabeth  Moir,  only  surviving  daughter  of  James  Tod  of 

Deanstoun. 

DAELING,  JAMES  STOEMONTH,  of  Lednathie.  29th  November  1855. 

Apprentice  to  Alexander  and  Christopher  Douglas. — Son  of  James  Stormonth 
Darling,  W.S.    Bm-n  4th  October  1830.     Died  8th  January  1881,  unmarried. 

DAELING,  THOMAS.  14th  August  1633. 

Apprentice  to  Eobert  Wallace. 

DAELING,  THOMAS.  24th  November  1831. 

Apprentice  to  John  Glassford  Hopkirk. — Son  of  Thomas  Darling,  S.S.C.  Born 
16th  October  1808.  Died  13th  June  1870.  Mar.  13th  March  1832,  Charlotte, 
youngest  daughter  of  Charles  Hamilton  of  Fairholm,  Lanarkshire. 


LIST  OF  MEMBERS  58 

DAVIDSON,  ARTHUR  LENNOX.  18th  October  1886. 

Apprentice  to  Christopher  Charles  Nisbet. — Son  of  Major-General  Davidson. 
Bmn  7th  December  1862. 

DAVIDSON,  CHARLES  FORBES.  27th  May  1824. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  WiUiam  Berry;  (2)  Alexander  Kettle. — Fifth  son  of  Andrew 
Davidson,  Advocate  in  Aberdeen.  Died  8th  March  1853,  aged  52.  Mar.  9th 
June  1831,  Eliza,  daughter  of  Charles  Hill  of  Luthrie,  Fifeshire. 

DAVIDSON,  HARRY,  of  Old  Belses.  16th  November  1781. 

Apprentice  to  Robert  Jamieson. — Second  son  of  James  Davidson,  Merchant  in 
Dysart.  Born  11 5b.  I^ietZ  11th  February  1837.  Mm-.  Ann  Gillespie.  Sheriff- 
Substitute  of  Mid-Lothian,  1791-1820. 

DAVIDSON,  HUGH.  2d  October  1688. 

Apprentice  to  Hugh  Wallace  of  Inglistoun. — Died  April  1695. 

DAVIDSON,  JAMES,  of  Bankier.  29th  June  1786. 

Apprentice  to  James  Ferrier. — Son  of  the  Rev.  John  Davidson,  Minister  of 
"West  Kilpatrick.  Died  18th  June  1823.  Mar.  (1)  8th  August  1787,  Mary, 
daughter  of  Neil  Buchanan  of  Auchintoshan,  Dumbartonshire ;  (2)  15th  April 
1791,  Elizabeth,  daughter  of  Rev.  James  Meik,  D.D.,  Minister  of  Cambuslang; 
and  (3)  9th  March  1809,  widow  of  John  Miller,  of  Jamaica. 

DAVIDSON,  JAMES  GILLESPIE.  19th  June  1812. 

Apprentice  to,  and  eldest  son  of,  Harry  Davidson,  W.S. — Bom  3d  January  1789. 
Died  5th  October  1843.  Mar.  30th  October  1828,  Amelia  Helen,  eldest  daughter 
of  Major-General  John  Lamont  of  Lamont,  Argyllshire. 

DAVIDSON,  JOHN,  of  Stewartfield  and  Haltree.  3d  April  1749. 

Apprentice  to  George  Balfour. — Son  of  James  Davidson  of  Haltree,  Bookseller  in 
Edinburgh.  Died  29th  December  1797.  Author  of  a  tract  on  the  Regiam 
Majestatem,  and  another  on  the  Black  Ads ;  Accounts  of  tlie  Chamberlain  oj  Scotland, 
1329-31.     Crown  Agent.     Depute  Keeper  of  the  Signet,  1778-1797. 

DAVIDSON,  JOHN,  of  "Whitehouse.  20th  December  1732. 

Apprentice  to  Andrew  Sutherland. — Died  7th  April  1755.  Mar.  August  1740, 
Anne,  daughter  of Fotheringham  of  Powrie.     Principal  Clerk  of  Justiciary. 

DAVIDSON,  JOHN  JAMES.  -  22d  February  1821. 

Apprentice  to,  and  son  of,  James  Davidson,  W.S. — Born  1797.  Died  20th  May 
1837.     Mar.    Teind  Clerk,  1826-38. 

DAVIDSON,  LAURENCK  18th  November  1825. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  John  Ferrier;  and  (2)  Harry  Davidson. — Fourth  son  of  Harry 
Davidson,  W.S.  Died  18th  September  1868,  aged  69.  Mar.  6th  December  1831, 
Emma,  youngest  daughter  of  John  Pryor,  Halifax,  Nova  Scotia. 


5*  THE  SOCIETY   OF  WKITEES   TO   THE   SIGNET 

DAWLING,  JAMES.  4th  June  1636. 

Apprentice  to  Quintin  Kennedy. 

DEAS,  SYLVESTER  FALCONER  REID.  17th  December  1868. 

Apprentice  to  James  Duncan. — Younger  son  of  Sir  George  Deas,  Kt.,  one  of  the 
Senators  of  the  College  of  Justice.  Bcrrn  3d  February  1845.  Afar.  7th  October 
1874,  Alice,  second  daughter  of  Michael  Grayhurst  Hewat,  London. 

DENNISTON,  ARCHIBALD.  1st  July  1837. 

Apprentice  to  Walter  Dickson  and  James  Steuart. — Son  of  John  Denniston, 
Merchant  in  Greenock.  Bmi  14th  March  1814.  Died  23d  June  1871.  Mar. 
7th  September  1842,  Janet,  third  daughter  of  Allan  Fullarton,  Banker,  Greenock. 

DENNISTOUN,  RICHARD.  7th  July  1829. 

Apprentice  to  George  Dunlop. — Son  of  Robert  Dennistoun,  Merchant  in  Glasgow. 
Dkd  20th  March  1848,  aged  41.  Mar.  11th  March  1830,  Hannah,  only  daughter 
of  John  Meiklam  of  Carnbroe. 

DEWAR,  FRANCIS  JAMES.  5th  May  1880. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  S.  F.  R.  Deas,  and  (2)  Hew  Hamilton  Crichton. — Elder  son  of 
Hugh  Bruce  Dewar,  S.S.C.    Born  29th  April  1855, 

DEWAR,  WILLIAM.  20th  June  1769. 

Apprentice  to  Alexander  Orr. — Second  son  of  John  Dewar  of  Cannan.    Died  1772. 

DICK,  ANDREW.  11th  January  1762. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  Robert  Sym,  and  (2)  Thomas  Innes. — Son  of  John  Dick  of 
Compstoun.     Died  May  1778.     Mar.  Ann  Heugh. 

DICK,  WALTER. 

Signs  the  Act  4th  April  1607.     Grandson  of  David  Couper,  Burgess  of  Cupar. 

DICK,  WILLIAM.  3d  July  1772. 

Apprentice  to  Leonard  Urquhai't. — Youngest  son  of  Robert  Dick,  Writer  in 
Edinburgh.     Z)t«(i  August  1787. 

DICKIE,  JOHN.  3d  August  1742. 

Apprentice  to  Robert  Hepburn. — Son  of  John  Dickie,  of  Corstorphine  Hill, 
Merchant  in  Edinburgh.     Died  3d  April  1 755,  aged  43.     Mar.  Ann  Fordyce. 

DICKIE,  JOHN.  5th  July  1814. 

Apprentice  to  William  Inglis. — Third  son  of  William  Dickie,  sometime  Merchant 
in  Dundee,  afterwards  in  Edinburgh.     Born  1783.    Died  13th  December  1839. 

DICKSON,  ARTHUR  HILL.  14th  January  1890. 

Apprentice  to  Robert  Strathern. — Youngest  son  of  Alexander  Dickson,  Farmer, 
Hermiston,  Mid-Lothian.     Barn  18th  February  1867. 


LIST   OF   MEMBERS  56 

DICKSON,  DAVID  SCOT.  26th  June  1856. 

Apprentice  to  Thomas  George  Mackay  and  Alexander  Howe. — Eighth  son  of 
Walter  Dickson  of  Monybuie,  W.S.  Bom  23d  September  1830.  Mar.  19th 
September  1861,  the  Hon.  Francis  Sophia  Addington,  daughter  of  William 
Leonard,  second  Viscount  Sidmouth. 

DICKSON,  HENRY  GORDON.  27th  February  1817. 

Apprentice  to  William  Handy  side. — Son  of  Samuel  Dickson,  builder  in  Edinburgh. 
Died  30th  September  1860,  aged  74.  Mar.  1st  August  1817,  Eliza,  second 
daughter  of  William  Gillespie,  Merchant  in  Edinburgh. 

DICKSON,  HENRY  GORDON.  16th  March  1855. 

Apprentice  to,  and  eldest  son  of,  Henry  Gordon  Dickson,  W.S. — Bmn  11th  March 
1820.  Died  21st  July  1889.  Mar.  16th  September  1851,  Jane  Alder,  eldest 
daughter  of  Dr.  Adolphus  M.  Ross,  Edinburgh. 

DICKSON,  JAMES  LAWRENCE.  16th  January  1888. 

Apprentice  to  David  S.  Dickson  and  David  Shaw. — Son  of  James  Gilchrist 
Dickson,  Stockbroker,  Edinburgh.     Born  25th  November  1861. 

DICKSON,  JAMES  MACBRIDE,  LL.B.  21st  July  1875. 

Apprentice  to  Robert  Burt  Ranken. — Son  of  Andrew  John  Dickson,  S.S.C. 
Born  7th  January  1852. 

DICKSON,  JOHN,  of  Robbiewhat.  30th  June  1789. 

Apprentice  to  Hugh  Corrie. — Eldest  son  of  David  Dickson  of  Locherwoods, 
Dumfriesshire.  Born  1759.  Died  23d  November  1831.  Mar.  2d  September 
1790,  Charlotte,  daughter  of  James  Alison,  Writer  in  Edinburgh. 

DICKSON,  JOHN.  13th  June  1806. 

Apprentice  to  Archibald  Gibson. — Son  of  the  Rev.  David  Dickson  of  Perisland, 
Minister  of  the  New  North  Church,  Edinburgh.  Died  at  Kingston,  Canada,  8th 
July  1823. 

DICKSON,  JOHN.  29th  June  1843. 

Apprentice  to,  and  eldest  son  of,  Walter  Dickson  of  Monybuie,  W.S. — Bom  30th 
October  1817.  Mar.  29th  June  1852,  Eliza  Jane,  daughter  of  Colonel  Alexander 
Macleod,  C.B. 

DICKSON,  SAMUEL.  16th  March  1855. 

Apprentice  to,  and  third  son  of,  Henry  Gordon  Dickson,  W.S. — Bo'rn  12th  January 
1826.  Mar.  31st  July  1860,  Mary  Campbell,  youngest  daughter  of  David 
Johnstone  of  Overton,  Stirlingshire. 

DICKSON,  THOMAS.  18th  May  1649. 

Apprentice  to  Adam  Watt, — Mar.  Agnes  Gardner.  Re-admitted  21st  November 
1661. 


g§  THE  SOCIETY  OF  WEITEES  TO  THE  SIGNET 

DICKSON,  WALTER,  of  Monybuie.  '  20th  May  1802. 

Apprentice  to  Thomas  Cranston. — Youngest  son  of  Joliu  Dickson  of  Conheath, 

Provost  of  Dumfries.    Bmn  5th  November  1776.     Died  12th  December  1855. 

Mar.  2d  December  1816,  Margaret,  daughter  of  Thomas  Goldie  of  Craigmuie. 
DICKSON,  WALTEE.  30th  January  1823. 

Apprentice  to  William  Eenny. — Son  of  Archibald  Dickson  of  Housebyres,  Nursery 

and  Seedsman  in  Hawick.     Bom  1797.     Died  9th  July  1843,  unmarried. 
DICKSON,  WILLIAM  TEAQUAIR,  of  Cokstorphine.  3d  November  1870. 

Apprentice  to  William  Traquair,  his  uncle. — Son  of  John  Dickson  of  Corstorpliine. 

Bm-n  7th  June  1845.     Mar.  27th  June  1882,  Elizabeth  Madalene,  daughter  of 

Eev.  Archibald  Stewart,  D.D.,  Minister  of  Glasserton. 
DIXON,  EGBERT,  of  Levengrove.  20th  December  1827. 

Apprentice  to  James  Dundas. — Son  of  John  Dixon,  of  the  Dumbarton  Glass 

Works  Company.     Died  26th  July  1833,  aged  30. 

DIXSON,  JAMES  HEGGIE.  20th  October  1875-*^ 

Apprentice  to  Robert  and  James  Alexander  Haldane. — Son  of  Robert  Dixson, 
Edinburgh.  Barn  17th  October  1852.  Mar.  28th  June  188],  Jane  Callander 
Balloch,  daughter  of  Robert  Honeyman,  Merchant,  Edinbui-gh. 

DOBIE,  JAMES.  16th  July  1840. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  James  Adam,  (2)  Roderick  Mackenzie  and  Robert  Macfarlane, 
and  (3)  Roderick  Mackenzie. — Son  of  James  Dobie  of  Grummoch,  Writer  in 
Perth.     Barn  1819.     Died  16th  December  1840,  unmarried. 

DON,  PATRICK.  29th  April  1662. 

Apprentice  to  Robert  Pringle,  John  NicoU,  elder,  and  Alexander  Lesly. — Son 
of  Alexander  Don,  Writer  in  Edinburgh.     Died  March  1672. 

DONALD,  ALEXANDER.  6th  July  1826. 

Apprentice  to  William  Inglis  and  Matthew  Weir. — Eldest  son  of  William  Donald, 
Couliehare,  Udny.  ^orm  1796.  Z>i«i  11th  April  1846.  ilfar.  5th  August  1830, 
Robina  Mary,  youngest  daughter  of  Alexander  Millar,  Montrose. 

DONALDSON,  GEORGE  HAY.  14th  November  1833. 

Apprentice  to  John  Gibson,  Juur. — Son  of  Stuart  Donaldson,  Merchant  in  London. 
Born  22d  April  1810.  Died  1st  May  1872.  Mar.  4th  September  1844,  Emma 
de  Bois,  youngest  daughter  of  James  Russell,  Entwood  Court,  Staffordshire. 

DONALDSON,  HAY.  9th  July  1802. 

Apprentice  to  John  Moir. — Third  son  of  Hay  Donaldson,  Town-Clerk  of  Hadding- 
ton.   Died  30th  September  1823. 

DONALDSON,  JOHN,  of  Auchairne.  10th  March  1808. 

Apprentice  to  Vans  Hathorn. — Only  son  of  the  Eev.  William  Donaldson,  minister 
of  Ballantrae.  Died  17th  October  1849,  aged  69.  Mar.  29th  March  1813, 
Margaret,  only  daughter  of  John  Ure,  one  of  the  Magistrates  of  Glasgow, 


LIST   OF   MEMBEES  57 

DONALDSON,  ROBERT.  26th  June  1769. 

Apprentice  to  Thomas  Brodie. — Eldest  son  of  George  Donaldson,  Sheriff-Clerk  of 
Nairn.  Died  27th  August  1796.  Mar.  April  1767,  Helen,  only  daughter  of 
John  Grant,  W.S. 

DOUGAL,  DAVID.  16th  January  1888. 

Apprentice  to  William  C.  M'Ewen. — Son  of  Alexander  Dougal,  Linlithgow. 
Bcn-n  Uth  April  1864. 

DOUGLAS,  ALEXANDER.  6th  April  1630. 

Apprentice  to  Robert  Pringle. — Mar.  30th  June  1629,  Agnes  Pringle. 

DOUGLAS,  ALEXANDER.  1st  July  1808. 

Apprentice  to  James  Dundas. — Third  son  of  Dr.  Christopher  Douglas,  Physician 
in  Kelso.  Born  19th  June  1780.  Died  1st  July  1851.  Mar.  20th  March  1810, 
Janet  Hardie,  second  daughter  of  Robert  Bow,  Merchant  in  Edinburgh.  Fiscal, 
1844-51. 

DOUGLAS,  ALEXANDER  SHOLTO.  16th  November  1854. 

Apprentice  to  John  Dundas,  William  Wilson,  and  Alexander  M.  Bell. — Son  of 
Alexander  Douglas,  W.S.  Born  27th  November  1829.  3Iar.  16th  December 
1858,  Helen  M'Caul,  daughter  of  John  Forrester,  W.S. 

DOUGLAS,  CHRISTOPHER,  of  Chesterhouse.  13th  November  1834. 

Apprentice  to  James  and  John  Dundas. — Eldest  son  of  Alexander  Douglas,  W.S. 
Bm-n  13th  February  1811. 

DOUGLAS,  DAVID.  15th  December  1825. 

Apprentice  to  Robert  Rutherford. — Third  son  of  James  Douglas,  Writer  in 
Dunfermline.  Died  6th  September  1886.  Mar.  26th  December  1838,  Margaret 
Lawson,  second  daughter  of  Charles  Hill  of  Luthrie,  Fifeshire. 

DOUGLAS,  JOHN.  ,  4th  December  1794. 

Apprentice  to  John  Gordon. — Son  of  John  Douglas  of  Burnhouse.  Bom  1768. 
Died  6th  January  1854,  unmarried. 

DOUGLAS,  JOHN  BROWN.  7th  March  1833. 

Apprentice  to,  and  second  son  of,  William  Douglas,  W.S. — Bm-n  25th  August  1809. 
Died  28th  April  1880.  Mar.  22d  January  1846,  Mary  Ann,  second  daughter  of 
John  Turner  of  Turnerhall,  Aberdeenshire. 

DOUGLAS,  JOHN  BROWN.  17th  July  1879. 

Apprentice  to,  and  son  of,  John  Brown  Douglas,  W.S. — Bom  30th  May  1 852.  Mar. 
1st  June  1882,  Emma  Jane,  daughter  of  Thomas  Overy  West,  Seven-Score,  Kent. 

DOUGLAS,  WALTER.  8th  January  1666. 

Apprentice  to,  and  son  of,  Alexander  Douglas,  W.S. 

H 


BS  THE   SOCIETY   OF  WKITERS   TO   THE  SIGNET 

DOUGLAS,  WILLIAM.  23d  November  1802. 

Apprentice  to  Bain  Whyt. — Son  of  Archibald  Douglas,  S.S.C.,  Edinburgh.  Born 
26th  February  178L  Died  16th  July  1841.  Mar.  15th  December  1806,  Anna, 
daughter  of  John  Brown,  Hamilton. 

DOW,  JOHN.  7th  July  1808. 

Apprentice  to  James  Hay. — Eldest  son  of  Lieutenant  Archibald  Dow,  Royal 
Navy.  Died  25th  October  1827.  Mar.  11th  July  1820,  Margaret,  eldest  daughter 
of  William  Russell,  Glasgow. 

DRUMMOND,  ALEXANDER.  Uth  November  1684. 

Apprentice  to  James  Hay. — Son  of  Alexander  Dnimmond,  Bailie  of  Cockenzie. 
Bied  December  1694.     Mar.  Elizabeth  Balfour. 

DRUMMOND,  SIR  FRANCIS  WALKER,  of  Hawthornden,  Baet.    23d  June  1807. 

■Apprentice  to,  and  eldest  son  of,  James  Walker,  W.S. — Born  9th  June  1781. 

Bkd  29th  February  1844.     Mar.  4th  January  1810,  Margaret,  only  daughter  of 

Captain  Sir  John  Forbes  Drummond  of  Hawthornden,  Bart.,  when  he  assumed 

her  name  and  arms.     Succeeded  his  father-in-law  as  second  Baronet,  in  terms  of 

patent  23d  May  1829. 
DRUMMOND,  JAMES.  8th  October  1705. 

Apprentice  to  Ronald  Campbell. — Died  1718.     Mar.  Violet,  daughter  of  Thomas 

Bordlands. 

DRUMMOND,  JAMES,  of  Comrie.  1st  August  1788. 

Apprentice  to  Thomas  Tod. — Eldest  son  of  Patrick  Drummond  of  Comrie,  Perth- 
shire. Died  1st  February  1800.  Mar.  1st  August  1792,  Eliza,  daughter  of  John 
Summers,  Writer,  Edinburgh. 

DRUMMOND,  JAMES.  2d  November  1881. 

Apprentice  to  William  Alexander  Maclaren. — Son  of  the  Rev.  James  Drummond, 
Irvine.     Born  9th  April  1858. 

DRUMMOND,  JOHN  FORBES  WALKER.  16th  November  1843. 

Apprentice  to,  and  third  son  of,  Sir  Francis  Walker  Drummond  of  Hawthornden, 
Bart.,  W.S.—Born  19th  January  1819.  Mar.  11th  September  1866,  Emma 
Louisa,  younger  daughter  of  Butler  Edmond  Thornton  of  Skerton  and  Whitting- 
ton,  Lancashire. 

DRYSDALE,  SIR  WILLIAM,  of  Pitteuchar,  Knight.  2d  March  1804. 

Apprentice  to  James  Buchan. — Son  of  William  Drysdale  of  Pitteuchar,  Fife. 
Bom  1776.  Died  4th  June  1843.  Mar.  (!)  30th  October  1809,  Jane,  only 
daughter  of  Rev.  Alexander  Fleming,  D.D.,  Minister  of  Hamilton ;  and  (2)  7th 
September  1813,  Jane,  only  child  of  Thomas  Cochrane,  M.D.,  Edinburgh;  and 
(3)  7th  November  1820,  Elizabeth,  daughter  of  John  Pew  of  Hillowtown,  Kirk- 
cudbright, and  widow  of  William  Copland  of  Colliston,  Dumfriesshire. 


LIST   or  MEMBERS      nnt^P  ?!fFT  59 

DUCAT,  JAMES  STEWART.  IStli  November  1830. 

Apprentice  to  Warren  Hastings  Sands. — Son  of  Charles  Ducat  of  FuUarton. 
Died  10th  April  1853,  aged  50.  Mar.  9th  September  1834,  Catherine,  daughter 
of  James  Steele,  Surgeon,  5  2d  Regiment. 

DUDGEON,  JOHN.  28th  May  1819. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  James  Gilchrist;  and  (2)  David  Welsh. — Fourth  son  of  John 
Dudgeon,  Merchant  in  Leith.  Born  11th  August  1796.  Died  30th  August  1887. 
Mar.  22d  October  1822,  Isabella,  daughter  of  John  Falconer,  Merchant  in  Glasgow. 

DUDGEON,  PATRICK,  of  East  Craig.  18th  December  1823. 

Apprentice  to  William  Bell. — Eldest  son  of  John  Dudgeon  of  East  Craig,  East- 
Lothian.  Died  10th  October  1846,  aged  48.  Mar.  2d  June  1822,  Jane  Alex- 
andrina,  eldest  daughter  of  Lieut.-Colonel  Alexander  Duncan,  H.E.I.C.S. 

DUFF,  ALEXANDER.  30th  January  1823. 

Apprentice  to  ^neas  Macbean. — Fourth  son  of  Patrick  Duff,  Sheriff-Clerk  of 
Elginshire.  Died  24th  September  1854,  aged  54,  unmarried.  Author  of  a 
Treatise  on  Feudal  Conveyancing,  1838,  and  other  legal  works.  Admitted  Advo- 
cate, 9th  December  1848.     Presenter  of  Signatures,  1847-54. 

DUFF,  JOHN  DUNBAR.  14th  April  1884. 

Apprentice  to  John  Ross. — Son  of  Captain  Duff,  Glen-Arthur,  Duddingston.  Bm'n 
27th  November  1854.     Assistant  Clerk  and  Extractor  to  the  Signet,  1885-89. 

DUFF,  LACHLAN. 

See  Gordon,  Lachlan  Duff. 

DUFF,  PATRICK  23d  July  1745. 

Apprentice  to  Alexander  Stevenson  of  Montgreenan. — Son  of  John  Duff,  Mer- 
chant in  Elgin.     Died  1765.     Mar.  Grizel  Balfour,  sister  of  Sir  Patrick  Balfour. 

DUFF,  WILLIAM.  12th  August  1799. 

Apprentice  to  Robert  Donaldson. — Youngest  son  of  Major  Alexander  Duff.  Died 
19th  September  1809. 

DUMBRECK,  JOHN.  2d  December  1824. 

Apprentice  to  John  Tweedie. — Eldest  son  of  William  Dumbreck,  South  Coatts, 
Edinburgh.  Born  1799.  Died  3d  November  1854.  Mar.  10th  November  1829, 
daughter  of  Charles  Kinnear,  Fingask. 

DUN,  ANDREW.  31st  May  1827. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  John  Campbell  and  James  Amot;  and  (2)  John  Campbell, 
Junior. — Son  of  Andrew  Dun,  Rector  of  the  Grammar  School,  Aberdeen.  Died 
20th  February  1854,  aged  50.  Mar.  (1)  Mary  Ann  Leslie,  daughter  of  John 
Rutherford  of  Hunthill;  and  (2)  26th  July  1841,  Mary  Isabella,  daughter  of 
Thomas  Selby,  Ipswich.  >■  ir^;  i-  ■ 


60  THE   SOCIETY   OF  WRITEES   TO   THE  SIGNET 

DUNBAR,  ALEXANDER.  29th  December  1682. 

Apprentice  to  Alexander  Home. — Son  of  Mr.  James  Dunbar,  Minister  of  Abbey 
St.  Bathans. 

DUNBAR,  ARCHIBALD.  25th  November  1 796. 

Apprentice  to  John  Innes. — Youngest  son  of  William  Dunbar  of  Netherbankie. 
Died  19th  June  1809. 

DUNBAR,  KEITH.  19th  December  1767. 

Apprentice  to  Colquhoun  Grant — Second  son  of  Sir  William  Dunbar  of  Durn, 
Banffshire.  Died  18th  April  1799,  unmarried.  Depute  Clerk  of  Session,  14th 
June  1780  till  death. 

DUNBAR,  RONALD.  27th  January  1729. 

Apprentice  to  Ronald  Campbell. — Died  23d  December  1753.  Mar.  December 
1729,  Margaret,  daughter  of  Ronald  Campbell  of  Balerno,  W.S.  Appointed  Clerk 
of  the  General  Register  of  Hornings  9th  March  1728.  Agent  for  City  of  Edin- 
burgh.    Fiscal,  1734-1753. 

DUNBAR,  WILLLAH.  4th  July  1769. 

Apprentice  to  Thomas  Brodie. — Third  son  of  Alexander  Dunbar  of  Boath,  Nairn- 
shire.    Died  18th  February  1807,  unmarried. 

DUNCAN,  ALEXANDER.  25th  November  1765. 

Apprentice  to  James  Graham. — Third  son  of  Alexander  Duncan,  Clerk  of  Dundee. 
Died  10th  November  1821.  Mar.  November  1768,  Mary,  daughter  of  John 
Simpson  of  Brunton,  Fifeshire. 

DUNCAN,  ANDREW  JOHN.  11th  July  1837. 

Apprentice  to  James  Greig. — Son  of  Andre^v  Duncan,  residing  in  Glasgow.  Born 
24th  June  1814.     Died  June  1848,  unmarried. 

DUNCAN,  GEORGE.  19th  November  1708. 

Apprentice  to  Ronald  Campbell. — Died  about  1724.  Mar.  31st  December  1708, 
Helen,  daughter  of  James  Balfour,  Merchant,  Edinburgh. 

DUNCAN,  JAMES.  17th  February  1825. 

Apprentice  to  William  Bell. — Son  of  James  Duncan,  residing  in  Falkirk.  B(mi 
1797.  Died  27th  September  1874.  Mar.  30th  August  1842,  Christina,  only 
daughter  of  John  Duncan,  Edinburgh. 

DUNCAN,  JAMES  BARKER.  14th  November  1866. 

Apprentice  to,  and  son  of,  James  Duncan,  W.S. — Born  25th  May  1843.  Mar.  3d 
April  1873,  Louisa  Janet,  fourth  daughter  of  Alexander  Brodie,  Stirling. 

DUNCAN,  JOHN.  27  th  June  1833. 

Apprentice  to  James  Farquhar  Gordon. — Son  of  John  Duncan,  residing  in  Princes 
Street,  Edinburgh.  Born  23d  November  1806.  Mar.  17th  September  1839, 
Janet,  youngest  daughter  of  Thomas  Metcalf,  Edinburgh. 


LIST   OF   MEMBERS  61 

DUNCAN,  WILLIAM.  8th  July  1822. 

Apprentice  to  Robert  Gargill. — Son  of  John  Duncan,  Manufacturer  in  Kirkcaldy. 
Born  1794.     Died  16th  October  1837.     Mar.  1820,  Sylvester  Ramsay. 

DUNCAN,  WILLIAM  THREIPLAND.  16th  July  1888. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  E.  C.  Cuningham;  and  (2)  J.  R.  Anderson  and  W.  H.  Murray. 
—Son  of  William  Duncan  of  Danevale,  S.S.C.    B(yrn  1st  December  1859. 

DUNDAS,  JAMES  HAMILTON.  9th  July  1829. 

Apprentice  to  Walter  Cook. — Second  son  of  Gabriel  Hamilton  Dundas,  of  Dud- 
dingston,  Linlithgowshire.     Died  7th  October  1851,  aged  45,  unmarried. 

DUNDAS,  JAMES,  of  Ochtertyre.  28th  November  1791. 

Apprentice  to  James  Robertson- Barclay. — Third  son  of  Ralph  Dundas,  Merchant 
in  Edinburgh.  Born  1752.  Died  2d  April  1831.  Mar.  16th  October  1794, 
Elizabeth,  third  daughter  of  James  Graham  of  Airth.   Deputy  Director  in  Chancery. 

DUNDAS,  JOHN.  11th  December  1769. 

Apprentice  to  Charles  Brown. — Son  of  James  Dundas,  of  Philipstoun,  Linlithgow- 
shire, Advocate.     Died  4th  May  1816.     3far.  Katherine  Smith. 

DUNDAS,  JOHN.  29th  June  1826. 

Apprentice  to  Ralph  James  Dundas. — Fifth  son  of  James  Dundas,  W.S.  Born 
19th  December  1803.  Died  27th  May  1873.  3for.  Jemima  Christian,  fifth 
daughter  of  Day  Hort  Macdowall  of  Walkinshaw,  Renfrewshire. 

DUNDAS,  JOHN,  of  Newhalls.  31st  March  1712. 

Apprentice  to  James  Anderson. — Fifth  son  of  John  Dundas  ol  Duddingston, 
West-Lothian.  Died  22d  April  1769,  aged  87.  Mar.  Christian,  daughter  of 
Adam  Mure  of  Blackball.  Fiscal,  1723-25.  Lyon  Depute  from  1st  February 
1728  to  1744.     Presenter  of  Signatures. 

DUNDAS,  RALPH.  19th  March  1868. 

Apprentice  to,  and  son  of,  John  Dundas,  W.S. — Born  22d  October  1843.  Mar. 
30th  March  1869,  Emily  Bridget,  elder  daughter  of  Robert  Robertson  of 
Auchleeks,  Perthshire. 

DUNDAS,  RALPH  JAMES.  25th  June  1819. 

Apprentice  to  William  Wilson. — Eldest  son  of  James  Dundas,  W.S.  Born  21st 
August  1795.     Died  26th  April  1824. 

DUNDAS,  SIR  ROBERT,  of  Beechwood,  Bart.  24th  November  1785. 

Apprentice  to  James  Balfour. — Only  son  of  the  Rev.  Robert  Dundas,  Minister  of 
Humbie.  Born  30th  June  1761.  Died  26th  December  1835.  Mar.  20th  July 
1798,  Matilda,  daughter  of  Archibald  Cockburn,  Baron  of  Exchequer.  Principal 
Clerk  of  Session,  14th  June  1817  to  31st  December  1830.  Deputy  Keeper  of 
Sasines.  Clerk  of  the  Bills,  1820.  Deputy  to  the  Lord  Privy  Seal.  Succeeded 
his  uncle.  General  Sir  David  Dundas,  Bart. 


69  THE   SOCIETY   OF  WKITERS   TO  THE   SIGNET 

DUNDAS,  WILLIAM  JOHN.  13th  July  1871. 

Apprentice  to  John  Dundas  and  WilUam  Wilson. — Fourth  son  of  George  Dundas, 
Advocate,  one  of  the  Senators  of  the  College  of  Justice.     Bom  16th  March  1849. 

DUNLOP,  ALEXANDER. 

Signs  Minute  of  17th  January  1606.     Mar.  4th  May  1608,  Elizabeth  Seton. 

DUNLOP,  ANDREW,  of  Barnhill.  19th  November  1835. 

Apprentice  to  Hugh  Macqueen. — Son  of  Thomas  Dunlop,  residing  at  Barnhill, 
near  Glasgow.  Bom  23d  May  1809.  Died  30th  October  1857.  Mar.  23d  July 
1839,  Jane  Marion,  only  daughter  of  Archibald  Ronaldson,  Leith. 

DUNLOP,  GEORGE.  23d  June  1807. 

Apprentice  to  David  Balfour. — Second  son  of  James  Dunlop  of  Garnkirk, 
Lanarkshire.  Bom  6th  February  1776.  Died  6th  December  1852.  3Iar.  2d 
September  1807,  Isobel,  second  daughter  of  William  Simpson  of  Ogle. 

DUNLOP,  GEORGE.  26th  December  1873. 

Apprentice  to  Anthony  Murray. — Son  of  George  Dunlop,  and  grandson  of  George 
Dunlop,  W.  S.  Bm-n  26th  February  1849.  Mar.  5th  August  1875,  Georgie  Isabella, 
eldest  daughter  of  Robert  Bogle  Blackburn,  Advocate,  Sheriff  of  Stirlingshire. 

DUNLOP,  JAMES,  of  Macnairston.  9th  March  1813. 

Apprentice  to  John  Farrier. ^ — Eldest  son  of  George  Dunlop  of  Macnairston,  Ayr- 
shire.    Died  16th  August  1847,  aged  66,  unmarried. 

DUNLOP,  ROBERT.  5th  July  1821. 

Apprentice  to  William  Patrick. — Son  of  Robert  Dunlop,  Merchant  in  Irvine. 
Died  5th  July  1847,  aged  50.  Mar.  4th  March  1822,  Helen  Straton,  only  child 
of  Dr.  James  Dunbar  Mudie,  Physician  in  Alford,  Lincolnshire. 

DUNSMURE,  JOHN.  17th  May  1832. 

Apprentice  to  David  Cleghom. — Son  of  James  Dunsmure,  Secretary  to  the 
Commissioners  of  the  British  White  Herring  Fishery.  Born  16th  September 
1808.  Died  29th  September  1864.  Mar.  3d  July  1845,  Jane  Margaretta,  fourth 
daughter  of  Robert  Bourne,  Camdenville,  New  South  Wales. 

DUTHIE,  WALTER.  10th  March  1817. 

Apprentice  to  William  Handyside. — Son  of  Alexander  Duthie,  Advocate  in 
Aberdeen.     Born  1795.    Died  30th  September  1868. 

DYKES,  WILLIAM.  4th  June  1690. 

Apprentice  to  WiUiam  Thomson,  yr. — Died  before  1700. 

DYKES,  WILLIAM  SHEDDEN.  12th  April  1886. 

Apprentice  to  James  Bruce  and  Thomas  Kerr. — Son  of  the  Rev.  Thomas  Dykes, 
D.D.,  Minister  of  Ayr.  Bom  18th  June  1860.  Mar.  30th  July  1889,  Flora, 
youngest  daughter  of  Alexander  Maclean  Hunter,  sometime  of  Balla  Balla,  Cran- 
boume,  Australia.  ...i.i  •,  •,  •       -•  ■ 


LIST  OF   MEMBEBS  68 

DYMOCK,  JOHN.  22d  June  1826. 

Apprentice  to,  and  son  of,  William  Dymock,  W.S.—Bied  17th  February  1841. 
Mar.  14th  July  1831,  Margaret,  eldest  daughter  of  John  Waugh. 

DYMOCK,  WILLIAM.  10th  July  1811. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  Samuel  Macknight ;  and  (2)  Henry  Moncreiff — Died  3d  June 
1826.     Mar.  Helen  Maclean. 

DYMOCK,  WILLIAM  M'LEAN.  22d  February  1838. 

Apprentice  to,  and  son  of,  William  Dymock,  W.^.—Bom  27th  March  1800.  Died 
12th  June  1848.  Mar.  12th  June  1838,  Margaret,  daughter  of  Charles  Watson, 
Edinburgh. 

EASTON,  JAMES.  6th  June  1815. 

Apprentice  to  James  Home. — Second  son  of  Robert  Easton  of  Strathmiln. 
Died  24th  April  1820. 

EASTON,  JOHN,  of  Coustoune. 

Commissioner,  1st  June  1607.     Died  25th  January  1616.     Mar.  Margaret  Cant. 

EDGAR,  JOHN,  of  Bridgelands.  2d  July  1771. 

Apprentice  to  Charles  Brown. — Eldest  son  of  Peter  Edgar  of  Bridgelands,  Mid- 
Lothian.    Died  8th  July  1799,  unmarried. 

EDGAR,  THOMAS. 

Signs  the  Acts  28th  December  1627.  Died  1655.  Mar.  11th  November  1647, 
Beatrix  Maxwell.     Clerk  to  the  Incorporation  of  Chirurgeons,  1619. 

EDMONSTOUN,  WILLIAM,  of  Glass.  14th  July  1701. 

Apprentice  to  Charles  Row. — Died  6th  September  1722.  Mar.  3d  August  1699, 
Isabella,  daughter  of  John  Nasmyth. 

ELDER,  JAMES.  25th  January  1855. 

Apprentice  to  George  Dalziel. — Third  son  of  George  Elder,  Farmer,  Grange, 
Banffshire.  Bom  29th  July  1818.  Died  1st  April  1876.  Mar.  24th  June  1854, 
Susan  Mary,  youngest  daughter  of  Captain  James  Macdonald,  61st  Regiment. 

ELDER,  JOHN.  8th  February  1816. 

Apprentice  to  Andrew  Storie. — Eldest  son  of  John  Elder,  Depute  Clerk  of  Session. 
Barn  3d  April  1790.  Died  9th  February  1869.  Mm:  10th  October  1849,  Jane 
Gibbs,  only  daughter  of  William  Campbell,  Merchant,  Oporto. 

ELDER,  JOHN.  28th  June  1878. 

Apprentice  to  W.  J.  Menzies  and  H.  J.  Coventry. — Son  of  John  Elder,  W.S. 
Bom  28th  July  1854.  Mar.  24th  February  1886,  Mary  Robertson,  daughter  of 
Alexander  Henderson,  Montreal,  Canada. 


64  THE  SOCIETY   OF  WEITEES   TO   THE   SIGNET 

ELIES,  THOMAS.  19th  September  1697. 

Apprentice  to  James  Anderson. — Son  of  James  Elies  of  Southside,  Mid-Lothian. 
Died  8th  March  1709.  Mar.  (1)  Janet,  daughter  of  Francis  Scott,  Keeper  of  the 
Minute-Book ;  and  (2)  Helen  Hay. 

ELLIOT,  COKNELIUS,  of  Wolflee.  3d  July  1758. 

Apprentice  to  William  Budge. — Son  of  William  Elliot  of  Wolflee,  Roxburghshire, 
Writer  in  Edinburgh.  Born  April  1732.  Died  9th  February  1821.  Mar.  8th 
August  1765,  Margaret,  daughter  of  James  Rannie. 

ELLIOT,  JAMES,  of  Wolflee.  10th  July  1798. 

Apprentice  to,  and  youngest  son  of,  Cornelius  Elliot,  W.S. — Bwn  29th  February 
1772.  Died  2d  February  1855.  Mar.  (1)  9th  September  1799,  Caroline, 
daughter  of  Walter  Hunter  of  Polmood,  Peeblesshire  ;  and  (2)  17th  January  1827, 
Margaret,  daughter  of  Robert  Davidson  of  Pinnacle  Hill,  Roxburghshire. 

ELLIOT,  JOHN.  14th  April  1694. 

Apprentice  to  Andrew  Baillie. — Son    of    Mr.    Robert  Elliot,   Minister.      Died 

October  1699.  Mar.  November  1691,  Elizabeth,  daughter  of  Rev.  James  Fithie. 

Granted  £100  Scots  on  7th  August  1699,  to  take  him  to  the  Scots  Colony  of 
Darien. 

-ELLIOT-BATES,  REV.  JOHN  ELPHINSTONE,  of  Millbourne.      11th  July  1833. 

Apprentice  to  William  Bell. — Fourth  son  of  James  Elliot  of  Wolflee,  W.S.  Born 
27th  May  1810.  Died  1st  January  1890.  3Iar.  8th  March  1843,  Georgina,  third 
daughter  of  Colonel  Ralph  Bates,  which  name  he  assiuned.  Rector  of  Whalton, 
Northumberland. 

ELLIOT,  WILLIAM  SCOTT,  of  Arkleton.  13th  June  1833. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  George  Lyon ;  and  (2)  William  Bell. — Son  of  Adam  Scott  of 
Arkleton,  Merchant  in  Leith.  Born  22d  March  1811.  Mar.  6th  March  1848, 
Margaret,  daughter  of  Lewis  A.  Wallace,  Architect,  Edinburgh. 

ELLIS,  ADAM  GIB.  9th  December  1817. 

Apprentice  to  William  Dymock.— Son  of  William  Ellis,  S.S.C.  Born  1794.  Died 
13th  May  1864.  Mar.  8th  August  1823,  Catherine,  third  daughter  of  Major 
David  Robertson,  Edinburgh.     Fiscal,  1851-64. 

ELLIS,  ROBERT.  29th  May  1828. 

Apprentice  to  Adam  Gib  Ellis. — Son  of  William  Ellis,  S.S.C,  Edinburgh.  Died 
18th  July  1868,  aged  72.  3far.  16th  July  1829,  Margaret  Gillespie,  eldest 
daughter  of  the  Rev.  Dr.  Mitchell,  Newtonhill. 

ELLIS,  WILLIAM.  15th  November  1860. 

Apprentice  to,  and  son  of,  Robert  Ellis,  W.S.— J5or»  22d  July  1830. 


LIST   OF  MEMBERS  65 

ELPHINSTONE,  SIR  JAMES,  of  Logie,  Bart.  16th  August  1671.  , 

Apprentice  to  Archibald  Nisbet. — Son  of  William  Elphinstone  of  Ressaviot.  Died 
10th  March  1722,  aged  78.  Mar.  2d  September  1673,  Cecilia,  daughter  of  John 
Denholm  of  Muirhouse.  Created  a  Baronet  2d  December  1701,  "for  his  pure 
zeall  to  King  William's  Government."  Commissary  of  Edinburgh,  1696  ;  Joint 
Keeper  of  the  Signet,  1691-1696  j  M.P.  Aberdeenshire,  1693-1702. 

ERSKINE,  DAVID.  18th  June  1764. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  Hew  Crawford,  and  (2)  James  Robertson-Barclay.— Fourth  son 
of  John  Erskine  of  Carnock  and  Cardross,  Advocate.  Died  at  Naples  5th  April 
1791.     Mar.  29th  April  1781,  Ann,  daughter  of  William  Graham  of  Airth. 

ERSKINE,  DAVID,  of  Cardross.  8th  July  1796. 

Apprentice  to  David  Erskine  and  James  Dundas. — Fourth  son  of  James  Erskine 

of  Cardross,  Perthshire.    Born  10th  January  1772.     Died  i9iih.  November  1847. 

Mar.  5th  September  1803,  Hon.  Keith  Elphinstone,  fourth  daughter  of  John, 

eleventh  Lord  Elphinstone. 
ERSKINE,  ROBERT.  16th  August  1700. 

Apprentice  to  Robert  Watson. — Died  before  1715. 

ESSON,  GEORGE  AULDJO.  24th  March  1873. 

Apprentice  to  T.  G.  Murray,  and  J.  A.  Jamieson. — Eldest  surviving  son  of  George 
Auldjo  Esson,  C.A.    Bom  25th  January  1849. 

ESSON,  THOMAS  SKENE.  27th  January  1882. 

Apprentice  to  Frederick  Pitman. — Second  surviving  son  of  George  Auldjo  Esson, 
C.A.  Bwn  29th  January  1858.  Mar.  12th  September  1889,  Elizabeth  Reid, 
youngest  daughter  of  James  S.  Fleming,  Cashier,  Royal  Bank  of  Scotland. 

EWART,  JOHN.  20th  October  1884. 

Apprentice  to  John  Tumbull. — Eldest  son  of  James  Ewart  of  Southland,  New 
Zealand.     Born  8th  September  1852. 

EWART,  THEODOSIUS  FORREST.  16th  November  1837. 

Apprentice  to  William  Grierson. — Son  of  David  Ewart,  Depute-Clerk  of  Chancery. 

Born  30th  September  1813.     Died  16th  April  1848,  unmarried.    Assistant  Clerk 

of  Chancery,  1837-48. 
EWART,  THOMAS.  2l8t  November  1815. 

Apprentice    to  Sir    Henry  Jardine. — Son  of   David  Ewart,  Deputy-Clerk    of 

Chancery.     Di^d  at  Charleston  6th  March  1831.     Mar.  16th  September  1828, 

Alicia,  daughter  of  Thomas  Yorstoun,  Chamberlain  to  the  Duke  of  Queensberry. 
-»       Struck  off  Roll  15th  February  1830. 
EWING,  JOHN,  OF  Craigtoun.  21st  July  1704. 

Apprentice  to  John  Cuninghame  of  Enterkin. — Son  of  Walter  Ewing,  W.S. 

Died  31st  October  1733.    Mar.  25th  August  1698,  Margaret,  daughter  of  John 

Rowan  of  Bedland. 

I 


66  THE   SOCIETY  OF  WKITEKS   TO   THE   SIGNET 

EWING,  WALTER.  16th  October  1658. 

Apprentice  to  John  Semple. — Son  of Ewing  of  Keppoch,  Dumbartonshire. 

Bied  before   1674.    3Iar.   1st  December  1665,  Mary,  eldest  daughter  of 

Bryson  of  Craigtoun.     Ee-admitted  11th  July  1661. 

FALCONEE,  JAMES.  14th  April  1884. 

Apprentice  to  Thomas  Jarron  Gordon. — Son  of  Donald  Falconer,  residing  at 
Carmyllie,  Forfarshire.    Bom  9th  June  1856. 

FALL,  GEOEGE.  24th  December  1708. 

Apprentice  to  Thomas  Pringle. — Died  1726.  Under-Keeper  of  the  Signet,  2d 
January  1710. 

FAEQUHAR,  AETHUE.  1st  July  1837. 

Apprentice  to  John  Donaldson,  and  William  Campbell  of  Queenshill. — Son  of 
James  Farquhar,  Surgeon  in  the  Eoyal  Navy.  Bom  15th  March  1813.  Died 
13th  September  1887,  unmarried. 

FAEQUHAE,  JOHN  GEAY,  of  Gilmillscroft.  2d  March  1826. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  John  Bowie,  and  (2)  George  Dunlop. — Son  of  Lieut-Colonel 
James  Gray  Farquhar,  of  Gilmillscroft,  Ayrshire.  Bom  1803.  Died  5th  July 
1836,  unmarried. 

FAEQUHAESON,  ALEXANDER  26th  July  1703. 

Apprentice  to  Alexander  Alisone. — Died  16th  April  1734.  Mar.  Helen  Mar- 
shall. 

FAEQUHAESON,  CHAELES,  of  Inverey  and  Achlossan.      8th  November  1708. 

Apprentice  to  Sir  James  Elphinstone. — Son  of  John  Farquharson  of  Inverey, 
Aberdeenshire.     Died  unmarried. 

FAEQUHAESON,  GEOEGE.  2d  March  1826. 

Apprentice  to  Vans  Hathom. — Only  son  of  Thomas  Farquharson  of  Howden. 
Died  13th  July  1844,  aged  50,  unmarried. 

FAEQUHAESON,  JAMES,  of  Whitehouse. 

Signs  the  Acts  26th  December  1627.  Second  son  of  Donald  Farquharson  of 
Castleton  of  Braemar.  Ee-admitted  15th  Febraary  1661.  Died  1666.  Mar. 
(1)  Miss  Hay,  whose  father  was  a  lawyer  in  Edinburgh;  and  (2)  Ann,  daughter 
of  Colonel  Gardyne,  of  the  Eussian  Service. 

FEEGUS,  JAMES.  4th  July  1769. 

Apprentice  to  William  Eraser. — Son  of  John  Fergus,  Merchant  in  Edinburgh, 

killed  by  the  falling  of  the  North  Bridge,  3d  August  1769.  Alar.  Susan  Free- 
bairn. 


LIST   OF  MEMBEES  67 

FEEGUSON,  SIE  ADAM,  Knight.  23d  November  1795. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  Lawrence  Hill,  and  (2)  Harry  Davidson. — Son  of  Adam 
Ferguson,  Professor  of  Moral  Philosophy  in  the  University  of  Edinburgh.  Born 
21st  December  1770.  Died  25th  December  1854.  Mar.  16th  April  1821, 
Margaret,  daughter  of  John  Stewart  of  Stenton,  and  widow  of  George  Lyon 
of  Bucklersberry.  Collector  of  Widows'  Fund,  1803-5.  Captain,  101st  Foot, 
February  1808 ;  served  during  Peninsula.     Knighted  1822. 

FEEGUSON,  JOHN.  28th  January  1836. 

Apprentice  to  David  Welsh. — Son  of  James  Ferguson,  residing  at  Bennington. 
Bom  24th  March  1814.    Died  8th  November  1865,  unmarried. 

FERGUSON,  THOMAS.  16th  June  1807. 

Apprentice  to  James  Thomson. — Second  son  of  James  Ferguson  of  Kinmundy, 
Aberdeenshire.  Barn  17th  April  1768.  IMed  28th  May  1828.  Mar.  9th 
September  1802,  Catherine,  second  daughter  of  James  Cumine  of  Kininmonth. 

FERGUSON,  THOMAS.  22d  June  1819. 

Apprentice  to  Thomas  Ferguson,  his  uncle. — Third  son  of  James  Ferguson  of 
Kinmundy.  Born  21st  July  1794.  Died  30th  January  1831.  Mar.  6th  October 
1828,  Barbara,  second  daughter  of  James  Hutchison,  Merchant,  Peterhead. 

FERGUSON,  WELLWOOD  ROBERTSON.  16th  July  1888. 

Apprentice  to  William  Ferguson  and  J.  C.  Junner. — Son  of  William  Ferguson, 
W.S.     Born  25th  April  1865. 

FERGUSON,  WILLIAM.  11th  March  1818. 

Apprentice  to  William  Gracie. — Only  son  of  Walter  Ferguson,  Candlemaker  in 
Edinburgh.  Bom  2d  September  1786.  Died  15th  March  1849.  Mar.  18th 
August  1815,  Margaret,  daughter  of  William  Auchie,  Edinburgh. 

FERGUSON,  WILLIAM.  17th  July  1851. 

Apprentice  to  Smith  and  Kinnear. — Son  of  William  Ferguson,  W.S.  Born  25th 
January  1829.  Died  24th  January  1887.  Mar.  21st  August  1855,  Elizabeth 
Eobertson,  daughter  of  Rev.  William  Glendonwyn  Crosbie,  Minister  of  Parton, 
Kirkcudbrightshire. 

FEEGUSSON,  HENRY  DUNCAN.  15th  February  1844. 

Apprentice  to  Walker,  Richardson,  and  Melville. — Sixth  son  of  Sir  James 
Ferguson  of  Kilkerran,  Bart.  Bom  30th  September  1817.  Died  2  2d  October, 
1866.  Mar.  16th  June  1846,  Anna,  daughter  of  Eobert  Nasmyth,  F.E.C.S., 
Edinburgh. 

FEEGUSSON,  JAMES.  7th  June  1797. 

Apprentice  to  Alexander  Keith. — Son  of  John  Fergusson,  Coppersmith  in 
Edinburgh.     Died  26th  May  1811.     Mar.  12th  January  1800,  Isabella  Anderson. 


68  THE   SOCIETY   OF  WRITERS   TO   THE   SIGNET 

FERGUSSON,  JAMES.  24th  May  18U. 

Apprentice  to  Joseph  Cauvia — Third  son  of  Neil  Fergusson  of  Woodhill,  Perth- 
shire, Advocate.     Born  1793.     Died  19th  May  1850,  unmarried. 

FERGUSSON,  JOHN.  6th  June  1707. 

Died  1726. 

FERGUSSON,  JOSEPH  GILLON,  of  Isle.  16th  November  1871. 

Apprentice  to  Alexander  Maconochie  Hare. — Son  of  Robert  Don  Gillon  Fergusson 
of  Isle,  Dumfriesshire.  Born  14th  January  1848.  3Iar.  24th  January  1882, 
Edith  Mary  Scott,  daughter  of  James  Scott  Elliot  of  Blackwood,  Dumfriesshire. 

FERGUSSON,  SAMUEL  ROBERT,  of  Middlehaugii.  24th  June  1835. 

Apprentice  to  James  Hope. — Son  of  James  Fergusson  of  Middlehaugh,  Perth- 
shire. Born  29th  May  1812.  Died  26th  September  1890.  3Iar.  21st  April 
1852,  Janet,  second  daughter  of  Hugh  Watson,  Keillor,  Forfarshire. 

FERRIE,  THOMAS  BROWN.  25th  November  1824. 

Apprentice  to  Robert  Strachan. — Son  of  Alexander  Ferrie,  Writer  in  Edinburgh. 
Died  10th  February  1860,  aged  58.     Mar.  Jessie  Dickson. 

FERRIER,  ARCHIBALD  CAMPBELL.  8th  July  1796. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  David  Erskine,  and  (2)  James  Dundas. — Second  son  of  James 
Ferrier,  W.S.  Bom  15th  August  1773.  Died  25th  December  1814.  Mar.  20th 
January  1800,  Catherine,  eldest  daughter  of  Francis  Garden,  Merchant,  Greenock. 

FERRIER,  JAMES.  3d  July  1770. 

Apprentice  to  Archibald  Campbell  of  Succoth. — Third  son  of  John  Ferrier  of 
Kirkland,  Renfrewshire,  and  his  wife  Grizel,  daughter  and  heiress  of  Sir  William 
Sandilands  Hamilton,  Bart.,  of  Westport  and  Belsyde,  Linlithgowshire.  Boiti 
1744.  Died  18th  January  1829.  3Iar.  February  1767,  Helen,  daughter  of 
Robert  Coutts,  Montrose.  Principal  Clerk  of  Session,  25th  May  1802  to  22d 
June  1826.    Father  of  Susan  Edmonstone  Farrier,  novelist. 

FERRIER,  JOHN.  24th  February  1794. 

Apprentice  to,  and  eldest  son  of,  James  Ferrier,  W.S. — Bom  25th  October  1771. 
Died  23d  November  1857.  Mar.  4th  May  1804,  Margaret,  daughter  of  John 
Wilson,  Merchant  in  Paisley.    Deputy-Keeper  of  the  Great  Seal. 

FERRIER,  JOHN  WILSON.  21st  November  1833. 

Apprentice  to,  and  son  of,  John  Ferrier,  W.S. — Barn  8th  September  1810.  Died 
13th  December  1845,  unmarried. 

FERRIER,  THOMAS  HENRY.  13th  July  1848. 

Apprentice  to  John  Mackenzie  Lindsay. — Son  of  Walter  Ferrier,  W.S.  Borti 
20th  July  1822.  Died  24th  March  1887.  Mar.  28th  March  1871,  Elizabeth, 
daughter  of  the  Rev.  Samuel  Key,  of  Fulford  Hall,  Patron  and  Vicar  of  the 
parish  of  Fulford,  Yorkshire. 


LIST   0¥   MEMBERS  69 

FERRIER,  WALTER,  of  Toravon.  15th  November  ISIL 

Apprentice  to  John  Ferrier,  his  brother. — Sixth  and  youngest  son  of  James 
Ferrier,  W.S.  Bom  24th  March  1784.  Died  13th  August  1856.  Mar.  15th 
December  1818,  Henrietta,  only  daughter  of  Thomas  Gordon,  Merchant  in 
Dumfries. 

FIELD,  HENRY.  14th  March  1872. 

Apprentice  to  James  Steuart. — Youngest  son  of  the  Rev.  Edward  Burch  Field, 
of  Moreland,  Kinross-shire.  Barn  28th  May  1847.  Mar.  24th  October  1878, 
Joan  Grassie,  daughter  of  William  Lawson,  Halifax,  Nova  Scotia. 

FIELD,  JAMES  HAMILTON.  13th  May  1869. 

Apprentice  to  John  Brown  Innes. — Eldest  surviving  son  of  the  Rev.  Edward  B. 
Field  of  Moreland,  Kinross-shire.  Barn  15th  November  1843.  Died  9th  January 
1879,  unmarried. 

FINLAY,  GILBERT  LAURIE.  -  8th  February  1816. 

Apprentice  to  William  Balderston. — Son  of  the  Rev.  William  Finlay,  Minister 
ofPolmont.  i/mi  29th  September  1792.  ZJiec^  1st  April  1872.  ilfar.  6th  May 
1822,  Grace  Hunter,  daughter  of  George  Charles,  M.D.,  Ayr.  Manager  of  the 
Edinburgh  Life  Assurance  Company. 

FINLAY,  CHARLES  PATRICK.  18th  November  1858. 

Apprentice  to  John  Scott  and  Sir  John  Gillespie. — Fourth  son  of  Gilbert  Laurie 
Finlay,  W.S.  Born  15th  September  1833.  Mar.  15th  January  1861,  Anne 
Arabella,  eldest  daughter  of  Major-General  Robert  Stewart,  H.E.I.C.S. 

FINLAY,  JOHN  HOPE.  21st  November  1867. 

Apprentice  to  Alexander  Forsyth  Adam  and  John  Kirk. — Son  of  Charles  Finlay, 
Assistant  Clerk  of  Session.  Born  13th  January  1839.  Mar.  (1)  13th  June  1878, 
Jane  Bertram,  daughter  of  Alexander  Ronaldson,  Glasgow;  and  (2)  13th  September 
1883,  Jane  Ferguson,  youngest  daughter  of  Alexander  Annandale  and  widow  of 
Alexander  Duncan.     Keeper  of  the  Register  of  Sasines,  1888. 

FINLAY,  NINIAN  JAMIESON.  25th  May  1883. 

Apprentice  to  John  Cowan  and  James  A.  Dalmahoy. — Son  of  William  Finlay, 
M.D.,  Trinity.     Bom  31st  January  1858. 

FINLAY,  ROBERT,  of  Wallyford.  8th  July  1796. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  Samuel  Mitchelson,  and  (2)  John  Tait.— Eldest  son  of  James 
Finlay  of  Wallyford.     Died  1 1th  April  1808. 

FINLAY,  THOMAS,  of  Balchrystik.  24th  May  1720. 

,   Apprentice  to  John  M'Farlane.— Son  of  James  Finlay  of  Balchrystie,  Fifeshire. 
Died  June  1760.     Attorney-at-law,  Barbadoes. 


70  THE   SOCIETY   OF  WEITEES   TO   THE   SIGNET 

FINLAYSON,  WALTER.  10th  March  1813. 

Apprentice  to  Charles  Bremner. — Son  of  William  Finlayson,  Depute-Clerk  of  the 

Bills.     Died  at  Jamaica,  21st  December  1841,  aged  60,  unmarried.     Stipendiary 

Magistrate  for  district  of  Montego  Bay,  Jamaica. 
FISHER,  JOHN.  22d  February  1838. 

Apprentice  to  Walker,  Richardson,  and  Melville. — Eldest  son  of  Daniel  Fisher, 

S.S.C.    Bm-n  17th  July  1814. 

FLEEMING,  ROBERT.  5th  May  1796. 

Apprentice  to  Francis  Strachan. — Son  of  Robert  Fleeming,  Printer  in  Edinburgh. 
Died  26th  July  1847,  aged  76,  unmarried. 

FLEMING,  ALEXANDER.  13th  November  1816. 

Apprentice  to  Sir  William  Drysdale. — Son  of  the  Rev.  Alexander  Fleming,  D.D., 
Minister  of  Hamilton.  Born  1793.  Died  27th  July  1879.  Mar.  14th  March 
1850,  Euphemia,  daughter  of  David  Scott,  Farmer,  Northfield,  Mid-Lothian. 

FLEMING,  HEW.  8th  March  1726. 

Apprentice  to  Robert  Hepburn. — Died  March  1737. 

FLETCHER,  ANGUS.  4th  July  1822. 

Apprentice  to  John  Archibald  Campbell — Second  son  of  Archibald  Fletcher, 
Advocate.  Died  6th  March  1862,  aged  63,  unmarried.  Relinquished  the  Legal 
profession  and  became  a  Sculptor  in  London. 

FLETCHER,  ARCHIBALD,  of  Parkhill.  4th  July  1783. 

Apprentice  to  William  Wilson. — Son  of  Angus  Fletcher,  Poobale,  Glenlyon, 
brother  of  Archibald  Fletcher  of  Dunans.  Born  1745.  Died  20th  December 
1828.  Mar.  16th  July  1791,  Eliza,  daughter  of  Miles  Dawson,  Tadcastle.  Having 
been  admitted  Advocate  1791,  struck  off  Roll  of  Society. 

FLETCHER,  or  FLESHEOUE,  DAVID.  19th 1594. 

Brother  of  Robert  Fletcher,  Merchant  Burgess,  Dundee.     Died  about  1617. 

FLETCHER,  WILLIAM.  11th  April  1887. 

Apprentice  to  Robert  Burt  Ranken. — Fourth  son  of  William  Fletcher,  Merchant 
in  Elgin.     Bom  12th  June  1861. 

FORBES,  ALEXANDER.  25th  March  1635. 

Apprentice  to  John  Baird. 

FORBES,  ALEXANDER  6th  December  1773. 

Apprentice  to  John  Watson. — Son  of  James  Forbes  of  Balfour.     Died  1 799. 

FORBES,  ALEXANDER.  20th  July  1841. 

Apprentice  to  James  Shepherd. — Son  of  the  Rev.  George  Forbes,  of  Bleloch  and 
Inverernan,  Aberdeenshire.     Born  8th  October  1819.     Died  1850,  unmarried. 


LIST  OF  MEMBEKS  7> 

FORBES,  ANDEEW.  SdJuly  1792. 

Apprentice  to  John  Eussell,  junior. — Son  of  George  Forbes,  of  Upper  Boyndlie, 
Aberdeenshire.     Died  5th  May  1795. 

FORBES,  ARTHUR,  of  Schives.  1st  March  1697. 

Apprentice  to  Sir  James  Elphinstone  of  Logie. — Fourth  son  of  Sir  John  Forbes, 
second  Baronet  of  Craigievar.     Bom  1669.    Died  1726.     Mar.  Margaret  Eraser. 

FORBES,  ARTHUR. 

See  Gordon,  Arthur  FoRBEa 

FORBES,  WILLIAM.  19th  August  1720. 

Apprentice  to  John  Stewart. — Second  son  of  Sir  David  Forbes  of  Newhall,  Mid- 
Lothian.  Died  29th  April  1771.  Mar.  3d  August  1722,  Ann,  daiighter  of  James 
Nairn,  one  of  the  Bailies  of  Edinburgh.     Fiscal,  8th  November  1725. 

FORBES,  WILLIAM,  of  Castleton.  17th  November  1825. 

Apprentice  to  James  Thomas. — Son  of  Robert  Forbes  of  Castleton,  Kincardine- 
shire. Born  1799.  Died  7th  August  1872.  Mar.  28th  August  1849,  Jane  Duff 
Grant,  eldest  daughter  of  Robert  Watson,  Banker,  Forres. 

FORMAN,  ALEXANDER  GEORGE.  2d  July  1868. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  Edmund  Baxter,  and  (2)  John  Naime  Forman,  his  father. 
—Bm-n  17th  April  1845. 

FORMAN,  JAMES.  16th  November  1784. 

Apprentice  to  Alexander  Abercromby. — Son  of  James  Forman,  tenant  in  Blackdub, 
Stirling.     Died  12th  March  1824. 

FORMAN,  JOHN,  of  Staffa.  9th  July  1801. 

Apprentice  to  James  Forman,  his  xmcle. — Eldest  son  of  John  Forman,  Stirling. 
Bmi  26th  September  1775.  Died  4th  December  1841.  Mar.  29th  May  1805, 
Hannah,  daughter  of  the  Rev.  James  Nairne,  of  Claremont,  D.D.,  Minister  of 
Pittenweem. 

FORMAN,  JOHN.  30th  November  1819. 

Apprentice  to,  and  son  of,  James  Forman,  W.S. — Died  12th  September  1821. 

FORMAN,  JOHN  NAIRNE,  of  Staffa.  22d  November  1827. 

Apprentice  to,  and  son  of,  John  Forman  of  Staffa,  W.S. — Bom  6th  April  1806. 
Died  30th  January  1884.  Mar.  16th  October  1835,  Jane,  only  daughter  of  Robert 
Mitchell  of  Airth,  Stirlingshire. 

FORMAN,  JOHN.  -  13th  November  1862. 

Apprentice  to,  and  son  of,  John  Naime  Forman,  W.S. — Bom,  4th  January  1838. 
Died  18th  February  1882.  Mar.  23d  April  1872,  Catherine,  second  surviving 
daughter  of  B.  G.  Cooper  of  Hazel  Grove,  Cheshire. 


Hi  THE  SOCIETY  OF  WEITEES  TO  THE  SIGNET 

FOEREST,  JAMES.  25th  June  1770. 

Apprentice  to  John  Bell. — Third  son  of  John  Forrest,  Merchant  in  Edinburgh. 
Born  1744.  Died  1st  July  1820.  Mar.  10th  December  1776,  Catherine,  only 
daughter  of  James  Forrest  of  Comiston,  Mid-Lothian. 

FORREST,  JOHN  ARTHUR.  15th  July  1884. 

Apprentice  to  John  William  Young  and  John  Blair. — Third  son  of  Lieut.- 
Colonel  Sir  William  Forrest  of  Comiston,  Bart.    Born  10th  January  1860. 

FORREST,  THOMAS,  of  Kirkton.  23d  November  1631. 

Apprentice  to  John  Ker. — Died  2d  January  1652.  Mar.  (1)  Janet  Hay,  (2) 
Grizel  Lockhart. 

FORRESTER,  ANDREW.  14th  November  1872. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  J.  C.  Tait  and  H.  H.  Crichton,  and  (2)  Donald  Beith. — Son 
of  William  Forrester  of  Glenmiln,  Stirlingshire.  Bm-n  22d  July  1839.  Mar. 
1st  September  1870,  Margaret  Crighton,  daughter  of  Andrew  Carmichael 
Haddow  of  Little  Galla,  Lanarkshire. 

FORRESTER,  JOHN.  12th  June  1823. 

Apprentice  to  Alexander  Goldie. — Son  of  the  Rev.  Alexander  Forrester,  Minister 
of  West  Linton.  £or»  3d  March  1799.  J'ied  11th  September  1882.  Mar.  8th 
September  1829,  Lilieas,  daughter  of  Robert  Cowan,  Surgeon,  Glasgow. 

FORRESTER,  WILLIAM  22d  July  1682. 

Apprentice  to  Andrew  Young. — Son  of  Mr.  Alexander  Forrester,  one  of  the 
Ministers  of  the  City  of  Edinburgh.  Died  October  1701.  Mar.  Rachel,  daughter 
of  David  Balfour  of  Forret,  one  of  the  Senators  of  the  College  of  Justice. 

FORSYTH,  HENRY.  18th  May  1837. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  James  Swan,  and  (2)  Donald  Home. — Son  of  Robert  Forsyth, 
Advocate.  Born  29th  June  1814.  Mar.  9th  October  1846,  Janet  Spottiswoode, 
daughter  of  John  Sawers  of  Bell's  Mills.     Procurator-Fiscal  at  Forfar,  1847-1864. 

FORTOUN,  ROBERT. 

Signs  Minute  of  17th  January  1606.— ifar.  14th  May  1607,  Margaret  Gibson. 

FOTHERINGHAM,  FREDERICK.  6th  December  1791. 

Apprentice  to  Thomas  Innes. — Son  of  Dr.  Robert  Fotheringham,  Physician  in 
Dundee.    Died  16th  December  1824.     Mar. 

FOTHERINGHAM,  FREDERICK.  17th  November  1814. 

Apprentice  to  Alexander  Pearson. — Fifth  son  of  Alexander  Ogilvy  Fotheringham 
of  Powrie,  Forfarshire.     Bom  1792.     Died  15th  January,  1877,  unmarried. 

FOTHERINGHAM,  HENRY.  23d  November  1827. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  William  Berry,  (2)  Alexander  Kettle,  and  (3)  John  Forman. — 
Eldest  son  of  Henry  Fotheringham,  residing  at  the  Inch,  near  Kincardine.  Died 
17th  March  1842,  aged  43,  unmarried. 


LIST  OF  MEMBEES  "W 

FEANK,  JOHN,  of  Bughtrig.  2(i  January  1682. 

Fiscal,  1684-6.  Treasurer,  1686-91.  Advocate,  16th  June  1691.  Died  1699, 
aged  61.  Mar.  (1)  23d  August  1674,  Sarah  Greer;  and  (2)  26th  July  1690, 
Agnes,  daughter  of  William  Syme,  Advocate. 

FEASEE,  ALEXANDEE.  23d  November  1795. 

Apprentice  to,  and  second  son  of,  James  Fraser,  W.S. — Died  9th  September  1816. 

FEASER,  ALEXANDEE  DAVID.  10th  March  1820. 

Apprentice  to  Charles  Tawse. — Youngest  son  of  Simon  Fraser  of  Farraline, 
Inverness-shire.     Born  1795.     Died  6th  October  1839,  unmarried. 

FEASEE,  ANDEEW.  22d  November  1832. 

Apprentice  to  Eobert  Roy. — Son  of  Angus  Fraser,  residing  in  Dornoch.  Bmn 
31st  May  1805.  Died  15th  June  1873.  Mar.  23d  June  1841,  Janet,  youngest 
daughter  of  Eobert  Brown  of  Gilston.  Sheriff-Substitute  at  Fort-William, 
1838-1873. 

FEASER,  DONALD.  12th  December  1796. 

Apprentice  to  James  Ferrier. — Son  of  the  Rev.  Paul  Fraser,  Minister  at  Craig- 
neuk.    Died  1802. 

FEASEE,  HUGH,  of  Struy.  '  7th  February  1822. 

Apprentice  to  James  Eobertson. — Second  son  of  Hugh  Fraser,  of  Struy, 
Inverness-shire.     Died  2d  December  1866. 

FEASEE,  JAMES,  of  Gortulleg.  29th  July  1762. 

Apprentice  to  William  Fraser,  of  Balnain. — Son  of  Thomas  Fraser,  younger 
of  Gortulleg,  Invemess-shire.  Died  30th  November  1805,  aged  76,  from  injuries 
received  by  his  carriage  being  upset.  Mar.  19th  January  1769,  Jean,  eldest 
daughter  of  Alexander  Spalding  of  Holm,  Kirkcudbrightshire. 

FEASEE,  JAMES  JOHN.  29th  November  1821. 

Apprentice  to  Eobert  Hill. — Son  of  Charles  Fraser  of  Williamston,  Aberdeen- 
shire.    Bcmi  1801.    Died  3d  June  1839,  unmarried. 

FEASER,  JOHN,  of  Borlum.  29th  June  1752. 

Apprentice  to  William  Fraser. — Son  of  John  Fraser,  Merchant  in  Inverness. 
Died  17th  August  1795,  aged  84.  Mar.  (contract  dated  30th  October  1744) 
Jean,  eldest  daughter  of  David  Brown  of  Golf  Hall,  Edinburgh. 

ERASER,  SIMON,  of  Ford.  19th  December  1767. 

Apprentice  to,  and  eldest  son  of,  William  Fraser  of  Ford,  W.S. — Died  25th 
September  1819.  Mar.  2d  March  1784,  Janet  Cruickshank,  daughter  of  Captain 
Charles  Douglas  of  Cliftonhall,  Philadelphia. 

K 


c- 


74  THE   SOCIETY  OF  WRITERS   TO   THE   SIGNET 

FRASER,  WILLIAM,  of  Balnain.  2d  February  1736. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  Hercules  Scot ;  and  (2)  Harry  Maule. — Second  son  of  Alexander 
_  Fraser  of  Balnain.    Died  10th  December  1775.     Mar.  November  1748,  Jane, 
daughter  of  Archibald  Macaulay  of  Ardencaple,  Lord  Provost  of  Edinburgh. 

FRASER,  WILLIAM,  of  Ford.  11th  March  1740. 

Apprentice  to  James  Budge. — Son  of  William  Fraser  of  Belforth.  Died  3d 
March  1767.    3Iai:  1738,  Julian,  daughter  of  John  Campbell  of  Lochdochart. 

FRASER,  WILLIAM,  of  Glenmade.  21st  June  1813. 

Apprentice  to  Craufurd  Tait. — Son  of  Luke  Fraser  of  Glenmade,  one  of  the 
Masters  of  the  High  School  of  Edinburgh.  Bam  1786.  Died  26th  September 
1862.     Mar.  30th  April  1823,  Bethia,  daughter  of  Francis  Taylor,  Edinburgh. 

FRASER,  WILLIAM,  Younger  of  Culbookie.  10th  February  1825. 

Apprentice  to  James  Mackenzie  and  William  Innes. — Eldest  son  of  AVilliam 
Fraser  of  Culbockie.  Died  6th  January  1829.  Mar.  25th  July  1826,  Margaret, 
eldest  daughter  of  David  George  Sandeman  of  Springland,  Perthshire. 

FRASER,  WILLIAM  (Tertius).  20th  November  1828.    . 

Apprentice  to  Francis  Wilson. — Son  of  William  Fraser,  Edinburgh.  Born  27th 
November  1805.  Died  8th  April  1874.  Afar.  17th  July  1833,  Margaret,  youngest 
daughter  of  John  Torrance,  Writer  in  Hamilton.     Town-Clerk  of  theCanongate. 

FRASER,  WILLIAM  STUART.  30th  May  1861. 

Apprentice  to,  and  son  of,  William  Fraser  (tertius),  W.S. — Born  3d  October 
1836.  Mar.  14th  April  1875,  Annabella,  youngest  surviving  daughter  of  George 
Brooke  Nelson,  Solicitor,  Leeds. 

FREER,  DAVID.  12th  March  1788. 

Apprentice  to  Alexander  Duncan. — Second  son  of  David  Freer  of  Innernethy. 
Born  1761.     Died  22d  January  1837,  unmarried. 

FRENCH,  JOHN.  9th  July  1829. 

Apprentice  to  James  Swan. — Youngest  son  of  James  French,  Burnhouse,  Lanark- 
shire. Bom  9th  May  1801.  Died  16th  September  1869.  Mar.  30th  January 
1841,  Christian,  daughter  of  John  Cameron,  Woodville,  Murrayfield. 

FRENCH,  JOHN,  LL.B.  13th  April  1886. 

Apprentice  to  George  Robertson  and  John  H.  Finlay. — Son  of  John  French, 
Merchant,  Leith.     Born  6th  December  1859. 

FULLARTON,  ADAM.  24th  November  1686. 

Apprentice  to  John  Muir. — Died  about  1714.     Mar.  Agnes  Scott. 

FULLARTON,  ROBERT,  of  Bartoniiolm.  10th  August  1705. 

Apprentice  to  Adam  Fullarton. — Second  son  of  George  Fullarton  of  Fullarton  and 
Dreghorn,  Ayrshire.  Died  September  1754.  Mar.  15th  March  1716,  Grizel, 
daughter  of  John  Stuart  of  Ascog,  Buteshire. 


LIST   OF   MEMBERS  W 

FULLARTON,  ROBERT,  of  Craighall.  18tli  September  1714. 

Apprentice  to  Adam  FuUarton. — Eldest  sou  of  Robert  Fiillarton  of  Graighall, 
Ayrshire.  Died  23d  March  1757.  Mar.  September  1713,  Margaret,  daughter  of 
John  Wallace,  Merchant,  Edinburgh.     Comptroller  of  the  Customs. 

FYFE,  ALEXANDER.  20th  August  1697. 

Apprentice  to  Colin  Campbell  of  Carvvhiu. — Died  3d  April  1718.  Mar.  17th 
March  1696,  Catherine  Forbes,  relict  of  George  Watt,  Writer,  Edinburgh.  Author 
of  Tlie  Royal  Martyr,  King  Clmrles  I. :  an  Opera,  1705. 

GAIRDNER,  ROBERT. 

Signs  Minute  of  16th  December  1594. 

GAIRDNER,  THOMAS.  17th  June  1816. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  Robert  Cathcart;  and  (2)  John  Kermack. — Son  of  Captain 
Robert  Gairdner  of  Mountcharles.  Died  2d  March  1860,  aged  68.  Mar.  16th 
August  1831,  Marion  Dalrymple,  daughter  of  John  Montgomery. 

GALBRAITH,  DAVID  STEUART,  of  JMachrichanisii.  27th  May  1824. 

Apprentice  to  Norman  Lockhart. — Second  son  of  Daniel  Galbraith,  Fanner  in 
Dunaltach.  Bwn  9th  October  1782.  Died  27th  December  1863.  Mar.  (1)  9th 
June  1812,  Elizabeth,  only  daughter  of  James  Eraser,  R.N.,  Plymouth;  (2)  12th 
May  1863,  Elizabeth  Alger. 

GALBRAITH,  JAMES  ERASER.  23d  February  1844. 

Apprentice  to  James  Stewart  Ducat. — Eldest  son  of  David  Steuart  Galbraith  of 
Machrichanish,  Argyllsliire,  W.S.  lt»rn  22d  August  1813.  Died  27th  March 
1858.     Mar.  1845,  Cecilia  Sarah  De  Lisle. 

GALBRAITH,  WILLIAM,  LL.B.  16th  January  1888. 

Apprentice  to  William  S.  Fraser. — Son  of  Thomas  Littlejohn  Galbraith,  Sheriff- 
Clerk  of  Stirlingshire.     Bmi  22d  October  1861. 

GARDINER,  JAMES,  of  Haughhead.  22d  January  1835. 

Apprentice  to  Alexander  Dallas  and  Thomas  Innes. — Son  of  the  Rev.  Matthew 
Gardiner,  D.D.,  Minister  of  Bothwell.  Bmt,  19th  May  1811.  Died  8th  December 
1879.  Mar.  16th  October  1855,  Charlotte,  daughter  of  Louis  Henry  Ferrier  of 
Belsyde,  and  widow  of  Sir  John  Egton  Campbell  of  Auchinbreck,  Bart.  Sheriff- 
Substitute  at  Campbeltown,  1848-1879. 

GARDNER,  ALEXANDER.  30th  June  1789. 

Apprentice  to  Alexander  Duncan. — Eldest  son  of  Alexander  Gardner,  Fanner  at 
Reddoch,  Stirlingshire.     Died  1816. 

GARDNER,  HAMILTON  GRAY.  22d  June  1837. 

Apprentice  to  John  Hunter,  jun. — Eldest  son  of  Gilbert  Ogilvy  Gardner,  residing 
in  Edinbui-gh.     ifor/i  26th  May  1814.     />*«?  25th  February  1863,  unmarried. 


76  THE  SOCIETY   OF  WRITERS   TO   THE  SIGNET 

GARDNER,  JOHN.  21st  December  1786. 

Apprentice  to  Isaac  Grant. — Eldest  son  of  Alexander  Gardner,  Jeweller  in  Edin- 
burgh.    Died  1794.    Attomey-at-law,  Jamaica. 

GARDNER,  PETER.  28th  December  1868. 

Apprentice  to  Thomas  G.  Mackay  and  Alexander  Howe. — Son  of  James  Gardner, 
Orchardbank,  near  Perth.  Born  14th  November  1835.  Mar.  13th  April  1881, 
Georgiana  Christian,  daughter  of  James  Swanston,  Marshall  Meadows,  Berwick. 

GARDNER,  WILLIAM.  22d  February  1813. 

Apprentice  to  Sir  James  Gibson-Craig. — Second  son  of  Alexander  Gardner, 
Writer  in  Edinburgh.     Bwn  1784.     Died  11th  June  1836,  unmarried. 

GARDYNE,  JAMES  CARNEGY,  of  Finhaven.  11th  December  1810. 

Apprentice  to  George  Russell. — Second  son  of  Thomas  Camegy  of  Craigo,  Forfar- 
shire.   Bm-n  3d  November  1785.     Died  6th  June  1864,  unmarried. 

GARSON,  WILLIAM.  18th  March  1889. 

Apprentice  to  W.  F.  Skene  and  Lewis  Bilton. — Son  of  George  Garson,  Strom- 
ness.    Born  20th  December  1855. 

6ARTSH0RE,  JAMES,  of  Alderston.  6th  October  1729. 

Apprentice  to  Alexander  Hamilton  of  Pencaitland. — Son  of  Mr.  James  Gartshore, 
Minister  of  Carmichael.  Died  23d  January  1774.  Mar.  (1)  Jean,  daughter  of 
Sir  Patrick  Scott  of  Ancrum,  and  widow  of  David  Muirhead  of  Linhouse ;  and 
(2)  June  1756,  Helen,  daughter  of  John  Spottiswoode,  Advocate. 

GENTLE,  JAMES.  8th  July  1823. 

Apprentice  to  James  Greig. — Son  of  James  Gentle,  S.S.C.  Born  5th  January 
1799.     Died  5th  October  1890,  unmarried. 

GIBSON,  SIR  ALEXANDER,  of  Durie. 

Son  of  Sir  Alexander  Gibson  of  Duiie,  one  of  the  Senators  of  the  College  of 
Justice.  Commissioner,  18th  October  1631.  Clerk  of  Council  and  Session,  25th 
July  1632.  Knighted  15th  March  1641.  Lord  Clerk  Register,  13th  November 
1641.  Raised  to  the  Bench  2d  July  1646  ;  deprived  13th  February  1649.  Dkd 
June  1656.     Mar.  Cecilia,  daughter  of  Thomas  Fotheringham  of  Powrie. 

GIBSON,  ARCHIBALD.  4th  January  1630. 

Apprentice  to  William  Cunningham. — Died  1660.    Mar.  Rebecca  Logan. 

GIBSON,  ARCHIBALD.  29th  June  1661. 

Apprentice  to  John  Rowan. — Fourth  son  of  Andrew  Gibson,  Burgess  of  Edin- 
burgh, and  brother  to  Alexander  Gibson,  Dean  of  Bower.     Died  September  1666. 


LIST  OF  MEMBEKS  77 

GIBSON,  AECHIBALD.  5th  July  1782. 

Apprentice  to  Thomas  Cockbum. — Only  son  of  Rev.  John  Gibson,  Minister  of  St. 
Cuthbert's.  Died  9th  April  1845.  Mar.  (1)  22(1  September  1785,  Grace,  daughter 
of  Thomas  Hogg,  Merchant  in  Edinburgh ;  and  (2)  May  1817,  Helen  Blackie. 

GIBSON,  HENRY  GORDON.  29th  May  1851. 

Apprentice  to,  and  second  son  of,  John  Gibson,  jun.,  W.S. — Born  20th  March 
1827.  Died  Bfch  February  1869.  Mar.  21st  June  1860,  Elizabeth  Murray,  eldest 
daughter  of  Major  J.  M.  Home,  36th  Regiment. 

GIBSON,  JAMES. 

See  Craig,  Sir  James  Gibson-. 

GIBSON,  JAMES  THOMAS,  LL.B.  13th  AprU  1885. 

Apprentice  to  Francis  James  Dewar. — Son  of  Robert  Gibson,  Merchant,  Edin- 
burgh.    Born  3d  February  1859. 

GIBSON,  JOHN.  19th  November  1805. 

Apprentice  to  John  Hunter. — Son  of  Alexander  Gibson,  Town-Clerk  of  Paisley. 
Died  1823.  Mar.  4th  December  1806,  Agnes  Mitchell,  daughter  of  Ebenezer 
Mason,  Merchant,  Edinburgh. 

GIBSON,  JOHN.  12th  June  1818. 

Apprentice  to,  and  eldest  son  of,  Archibald  Gibson,  W.S. — Born  1st  February 
1789.  Died  31st  January  1879.  Mar.  (1)  21st  July  1818,  his  cousin,  Catherine, 
third  daughter  of  John  Dickson  of  Kilbucho,  Peeblesshire,  Advocate ;  and  (2) 
10th  April  1849,  Mary  Ann  Mazyck,  second  daughter  of  Paul  Weston,  Physician, 
Charleston,  U.S.A.     Treasurer,  1862-70. 

GIBSON,  JOHN  (Tertitjs).  16th  July  1819. 

Apprentice  to  James  Nairne. — Son  of  George  Gibson,  Merchant  in  Leith.  Bvrn 
15th  January  1796.  Di^d  14th  September  1877.  Mar.  14th  September  1824, 
Charlotte  Ellen,  eldest  daughter  of  John  Gordon,  Edinburgh.  Deputy-Keeper 
of  Great  Seal,  1853-1858. 

GIBSON,  JOHN  HENRY.  16th  January  1888. 

Apprentice  to  Robert  Strathem.— Son  of  Henry  Gordon  Gibson,  W.S.  Barn  1st 
August  1862. 

GIBSON,  THOMAS.  26th  August  1718. 

Apprentice  to  Hugh  Somerville.— Son  of  Alexander  Gibson  of  Dune,  Fifeshire. 
Died  6th  April  1779.  Mar.  Jean,  daughter  of  Colonel  Thomas  Dalyell  of  the 
Scots  Guards.     Principal  Clerk  of  Session,  29th  July  1726  till  death. 

GIBSON,  WILLIAM.  29th  May  1878. 

Apprentice  to  James  Campbell  Tait.— Son  of  Andrew  Gibson,  Auchinleck,  Ayr- 
shire. Bom.  27th  July  1851.  Mar.  31st  March  1886,  Jane  Leyden,  eldest 
daughter  of  George  M'Intosh,  S.S.C,  Edinburgh. 


'm  THE   SOCIETY   OF  WKITEKS  TO  THE  SIGNET 

GIFFORD,  ADAM  WEST.  13th  April  1885. 

Apprentice  to  Colin  Mackenzie,  A.  D.  M.  Black,  and  J.  M.  Mackenzie. — Son  of 
John  Gifford,  Edinburgh.     £mn  12th  January  1862. 

GILCHRIST,  DUGALD,  Youngek  of  Opisdale.  23d  June  1829. 

Apprentice  to  Adam  Gib  Ellis. — Eldest  son  of  Dugald  Gilchrist  of  Opisdale, 
Sutherlandshire.     Bmn  1804.    Died  1st  December  1834,  unmarried. 

GILCHRIST,  JAMES.  28th  November  1791. 

Apprentice  to  Hugh  Conie. — Eldest  son  of  James  Gilchrist,  Merchant  in  Dumfi  ics. 
Died  28th  August  1816.  Mar.  2d  August  1802,  Jessie,  daughter  of  Hugh  Corrie 
of  Calloch,  W.S. 

GILKERSONE,  JAMES.        •  27th  November  1655.     ' 

GILLANDERS,  GEORGE.  17th  December  1829. 

Apprentice  to  Richard  Mackenzie  and  William  Sharpe. — Second  son  of  John 
Gillanders  of  Highfield,  Ros.s-shire.  Born  1805.  Died  in  India,  12th  October 
1846,  unmarried. 

GILLESPIE,  SIR  JOHN,  Knight.  18th  July  1844. 

Apprentice  to  J.  0.  Mackenzie  and  William  Sharpe. — Second  son  of  George 
Gillespie  of  Biggar  Park.  Ilm-ii  3d  May  1822.  Mar.  18th  March  1847,  Margaret 
Ross,  daughter  of  George  Robertson,  one  of  the  Deputy-Keepers  of  the  Records. 
Joint  Secretary  to  the  Royal  Company  of  Archers.     Knighted  1883. 

GILLESPIE,  JOHN  HAMILTON.  21st  April  1875. 

Apprentice  to,  and  second  son  of,  Sir  John  Gillespie,  Kt.,  W.S. — Born  14th  October 
1852.     Mar.  17th  September  1880,  Mary  Ann  M'lvor. 

GILMOUR,  JOHN.  6th  May  1598. 

.«-;  Commissioner,  26th  December  1627.    Died  before  1638.    Mar.  Elizabeth  Edmond. 

Father  of  Sir  John  Gilmour  of  Craigmillar,  Lord  President. 

GILMOUR,  ROBERT.  12th  July  1638. 

Son  of  John  Gilmour,  W.S. — Died  about  1647. 

GILMOUR,  ROBERT  LITTLE.  4th  March  1790. 

Apprentice  to  Robert  Sym. — Son  of  William  Charles  Little  Gilmour  of  Liberton, 
Mid-Lothian.    Died  29th  March  1820. 

GLASS,  ALEXANDER.  4th  November  1695. 

Apprentice  to  Robert  Watson. — Died  8th  February  1733.  Mar.  Jean  Blackwood. 
Joint  Fiscal,  1699-1702.     Treasurer  of  Society,  1714-22. 

GLASS,  WILLIAM.  18th  November  1830. 

j^,  Apprentice  to  Walter  Jollie. — Son  of  David  Glass  of  Smiddygreen,  Fifeshire. 

Died  6th  February  1857,  aged  51,  immarried.    „    .     .„,.-.  ,,,  ,.,  ,.<,,,, 


LIST  OF  MEMBERS  -^^  »  79 

GLEN,  ALEXANDER.  8th  June  1804. 

Apprentice  to  James  Home  of  Linhouse. — Third  son  of  the  Rev.  Alexander  Glen, 
Minister  of  Dirleton.     Died  1841,  aged  61,  unmarried. 

GLOAG,  THOMAS,  of  Chapelton.  28th  June  1793. 

Apprentice  to  George  Cuming. — Eldest  son  of  John  Gloag,  Merchant  in  Edinburgh. 
Died  4th  January  1810.  Mar.  21st  September  1801,  Elizabeth,  daughter  of 
Captain  John  M'Intosh  of  Harwood. 

GLOVER,  JOHN.  16th  July  1889. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  John  Bruce;  and  (2)  A.  T.  S.  Scott. — Son  of  Henry  Douglas 
Glover,  Solicitor,  Gatehouse-of-Fleet.     Born  19th  August  1865. 

GLOVER,  ^VILLIAM.  12th  June  1823. 

Apprentice  to  Peter  Couper. — Son  of  John  Glover,  Wright  in  Leith.  Died  17th 
February  1864,  aged  66.  Mar.  22d  September  1823,  Jane,  daughter  of  James 
Cumming,  Shipmaster  in  Leith. 

GOLDIE,  ALEXANDER,  of  Ryes.  25th  January  1742. 

Apprentice  to,  and  son  of,  Thomas  Goldie,  W.S. — Died  1782.  Mar.  May  1747, 
Elizabeth,  daughter  of  Patrick  Heron,  younger  of  Heron. 

GOLDIE,  ALEXANDER,  of  Broomlee.  17th  October  1798. 

Apprentice  to  Hugh  Corrie. — Fourth  son  of  James  Goldie  of  Stenhouse.  Died 
26th  December  1850,  aged  80.  Mar.  16th  September  1799,  Miss  Corsan, 
Baldoon. 

GOLDIE,  ARCHIBA1;.D  WATSON.  5th  March  1818. 

Apprentice  to  James  Gilchrist. — Second  son  of  Archibald  Goldie  in  Shaws  of 
Tinwald.  Born  21st  January  1793.  Died  19th  November  1872.  Mar.  (1)  14th 
March  1833,  Frances,  daughter  of  Darcy  Lever  of  Arklington  Hall,  Yorks;  and 
(2)  25th  October  1860,  Henrietta  Townsend,  daughter  of  Rev.  George  Vaughan 
Hart,  younger  of  Glen  Alia,  Donegal. 

GOLDIE,  JAMES.  17th  February  1825. 

Apprentice  to,  and  son  of,  Alexander  Goldie,  W.S. — Born  1801.  Died  10th  March 
1834,  unmarried. 

GOLDIE,  THOMAS.  26th  March  1723. 

Apprentice  to  William  Alves. — Died  14th  December  1741.  Mar.  Henrietta 
Sharp,     ^\"riter  to  the  Privy  Seal,  14th  June  1733. 

GOLDIE,  WILLIAM,  of  Broomlee.  24th  June  1835. 

Apprentice  to,  and  son  of,  Alexander  Goldie,  W.S. — Born  9th  August  1803.  Died 
7th  August  1868.  Mar.  28th  May  1839,  Mary,  eldest  daughter  of  Captain 
Charles  Hope  Reid  of  Grangehill,  Ayrshire. 


80  THE   SOCIETY  OF  WEITEES  TO  THE  SIGNET 

GORDON,  ADAM,  of  Arradoul  and  Caiknfield.  16th  Jiuie  1796. 

Apprentice  to  Craufurd  Tait. — Second  son  of  John  Gordon  of  Cairnfield,  BanflF- 
shire.  Bm-n  13th  February  1773.  Died  17th  March  1847.  Mar.  4th  March 
1799,  Elizabeth,  daughter  of  Patrick  Cruickshank  of  Stracathro,  Forfarshire. 

GOEDON,  ADAM  HAY,  of  Avochie.  15th  November  1827. 

Apprentice  to  John  Gordon. — Second  son  of  Major  Adam  Hay,  of  the  35th 
Eegiment.  Bom  18th  September  1803.  Died  8th  April  1872.  Mar.  13th  April 
1841,  Anne  M'Kerrel,  eldest  daughter  of  James  Brown,  Chartered  Accountant, 
Edinburgh.     Assumed  name  of  Gordon. 

GOEDON,  ALEXANDEE,  of  Cairnfield.  25th  November  1723. 

Apprentice  to  George  Kennedy. — Son  of  Eobert  Gordon  of  Lunan.  Died  2l8t 
February  1775,  aged  87.  Mar.  (1)  Elizabeth,  daughter  of  Gordon  of  Cairnfield; 
and  (2)  Jane,  daughter  of  Gordon  of  Shillagreens. 

GOEDON,  AETHUE  FORBES,  of  Eayne.  9th  December  1830. 

Apprentice  to  John  Gordon,  junr. — Son  of  Colonel  Arthur  Forbes  of  the  32d 
Eegiment.  Bam  2d  June  1806.  Died  27th  August  1873.  Mar.  20th  April 
1843,  Charlotte,  eldest  daughter  of  Colonel  William  Balfour  of  Trenaby,  Orkney. 

GOEDON,  ALEXANDEE  SHAND.  17th  March  1890. 

Apprentice  to  Henry  Tod. — Son  of  Alexander  Gordon,  S.S.C.,  Edinburgh.  Born 
17th  July  1867. 

GOEDON,  CHAELES,  of  Cluny.  15th  July  1763. 

Apprentice  to  WiUiam  Eraser  of  Ford. — Second  son  of  John  Gordon  of  Cluuy, 
Aberdeenshire.  Died  8th  May  1814.  Mar.  8th  November  1775,  Joanna, 
daughter  of  Thomas  Trotter  of  Mortonhall,  Mid-Lothian. 

GOEDON,  CHAELES.  7th  July  1824. 

Apprentice  to  John  Ker. — Son  of  Charles  Gordon,  Advocate  in  Aberdeen.  Died 
12th  October  1848,  aged  47,  unmarried. 

GOEDON,  DAVID  HUTCHISON,  of  Larglanglee.  15th  June  1837. 

Apprentice  to  Andrew  Storie. — Fourth  son  of  Eobert  Gordon,  Writer  in  Kirk- 
cudbright. Bom  10th  August  1813.  Died  16th  March  1878,  unmarried. 
Procurator-Fiscal  of  Kirkcudbright,  1839-78. 

GOEDON,  GEOEGE.  15th  March  1720. 

Apprentice  to  Eonald  Campbell.— Z>/e(i  21st  March  1747.  Mar.  2d  August  1727, 
Katherine,  daughter  of  James  Cleland,  Merchant,  Edinburgh. 

GORDON,  GEORGE.  January  1740. 

Apprentice  to  James  Craig. — Eldest  son  of  George  Gordon,  Writer  in  Edinburgh, 
Bom  1715.  Died  16th  October  1783.  Mar.  February  1747,  Joan  Mary,  daughter 
of  Captain  James  Muirhead  of  Lauchope,  Lanarkshire. 


LIST   OF   MEMBERS  81 

GORDON,  GEORGE  MORE,  of  Chakleton.  29th  June  1838. 

Apprentice  to  Adam  Gib  and  Robert  Ellis. — Son  of  John  Shank  More,  Advocate. 
Born  21st  March  1816.  Mar.  10th  August  1848,  Janet,  daughter  of  Harry 
Gordon,  Liverpool. 

GORDON,  GORDON  CLUNES.  19th  July  1842. 

Apprentice  to,  and  second  son  of,  Joseph  Gordon,  W.S. — Born  29th  May  1811. 
Died  25th  November  1843,  unmarried. 

GORDON,  REV.  HENRY.  let  July  1825. 

Apprentice  to,  and  eldest  son  of,  Thomas  Gordon,  W.^.—Died  13th  December 
1880,  unmarried.  Licensed  1835 ;  called  to  Presbyterian  Church,  Gananoque, 
Canada,  1837;  Moderator  of  Presbyterian  Church  of  Canada,  1854. 

GORDON,  HUNTER.  3d  June  1824. 

Apprentice  to,  and  eldest  son  of,  James  Farquhar  Gordon,  W.S. — Died  1855, 
aged  54,  unmarried.    Latterly  a  Barrister  in  London. 

GORDON,  JAMES. 

Deputy-Keeper  of  the  Signet,  1631. 

GORDON,  JAMES.  12th  November  1829. 

Apprentice  to  James  Mackenzie  and  William  Innes. — Son  of  William  Gordon 
of  Hallmyre,  Peeblesshire.  Died  11th  March  1870.  Mar.  18th  July  1844, 
Harriet,  eldest  daughter  of  J.  Davis,  Seatown. 

GORDON,  JAMES.  20th  November  1845. 

Apprentice  to  Andrew  Storie  and  William  R.  Baillie. — Eldest  son  of  the  Rev. 
Robert  Gordon,  D.D.,  one  of  the  Ministers  of  Edinburgh.  Born  24th  July  1821. 
Mar.  18th  June  1852,  Agnes  Webster,  second  daughter  of  J.  H.  Millar,  Merchant, 
Glasgow.     Sherifif-Substitute  at  Banff,  1853-77. 

GORDON,  JAMES  FARQUHAR.  19th  December  1794. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  John  Gordon ;  and  (2)  Adam  RoUand. — Eldest  son  of  John 
Gordon  of  Balmoor,  W.S.  Died  23d  December  1843.  Mar.  (1)  13th  November 
1797,  Lilias,  daughter  of  Charles  Hunter  of  Burnside,  Forfarshire;  and  (2)  1805, 
Margaret,  only  child  of  Robert  Haldane  of  Airthrey,  Stirlingshire. 

GORDON,  JAMES  ERASER.  15th  July  1852. 

Apprentice  to  Robert  Mackay. — Son  of  William  Gordon,  residing  at  Minmore, 
Banffshire.  Born  7th  September  1816.  Died  1861.  Mar.  27th  July  1851, 
Eleanor  Sinclair,  daughter  of  Archibald  Leslie  of  Balnageith,  Elginshire. 

GORDON,  JOHN,  of  Balmoor.  8th  July  1763. 

Apprentice  to  Leonard  Urquhart. — Son  of  Alexander  Gordon  of  Auchenlachries, 
Aberdeenshire.  Died  24th  October  1789.  Mar.  16th  October  1770,  Margaret, 
daughter  of  James  Stuart,  of  Binend,  Lord  Provost  of  Edinburgh. 

L 


82  THE   SOCIETY   OF  WEITEES   TO   THE   SIGNET 

aORDON,  JOHN.  24th  June  1774. 

Apprentice  to  James  Gartshore. — Eldest  son  of  Thomas  Gordon,  Surgeon  in 
Dumfries.  Bmit  1748.  Died  27th  October  1832.  Mar.  21st  July  1786,  Jane, 
eldest  daughter  of  Thomas  Shairp  of  Houstoun,  Linlithgowshire. 

GORDON,  JOHN,  of  Carleton.  26th  June  1789. 

Apprentice  to  John  Tait. — Son  of  Alexander  Gordon  of  Carleton,  Ayrshire.  Died 
13th  March  1817.  Mar.  24th  June  1793,  Margaret,  only  daughter  of  Dr.  Jasper 
Tough  of  Hillhead,  Ayrshire. 

GORDON,  JOHN,  of  Avochie.  19th  December  1794. 

Apprentice  to  Andrew  Steuart,  Junr. — Eldest  son  of  John  Gordon  of  Avochie. 
Boi'n  1771.     Di£d  11th  July  1842,  unmarried.    Deputy  Receiver-General. 

GORDON,  JOHN  TAYLOR,  of  Nethermuir.  18th  November  1825. 

Apprentice  to  James  Heriot. — Second  son  of  Maxwell  Gordon,  W.S.  Bom  1801. 
Died  24th  June  1884.  Mar.  December  185.5,  Margaret  Grant,  daughter  of 
Robert  Watson. 

GORDON,  JOSEPH,  of  Carroll.  16th  February  1804. 

Apprentice  to  Charles  M'Intosh. — Eldest  son  of  Captain  John  Gordon  of  Carroll, 
Sutherlandshire.  Barn  1777.  Died  7th  March  1855.  Mar.  30th  July  1808, 
Ann,  youngest  daughter  of  Gordon  Clunes  of  Crakaig,  Sutherlandshire.  Clerk 
to  Admission  of  Notaries-Public,  1839-55. 

GORDON,  LACHLAN  DUFF,  of  Park.  26th  June  1769. 

Apprentice  to  Alexander  Stuart. — Fourth  son  of  John  Duff  of  Culben,  Moray- 
shire. Died  14th  May  1808.  Mar.  14th  September  1781,  Rachel,  second  daughter 
of  Roger  Hog  of  Newliston,  West-Lothian. 

GORDON,  MAXWELL,  of  Nethermuir.  28th  June  1793. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  Colquhoun  Grant;  and  (2)  John  Taylor.— Son  of  William 
Gordon  of  Nethermuir.  Died  24th  December  1809.  Mar.  30th  March  1799, 
Jane,  daughter  of  John  Taylor  of  Blackhouse,  Ayrshire,  AV.S. 

GORDON,  ROBERT.  18th  August  1731. 

Apprentice  to  James  Budge.    Died  June  1740. 

GORDON,  ROBERT,  of  Edintore.  17th  August  1798. 

Apprentice  to  John  Innes. — Eldest  son  of  John  Gordon  of  Grieshop  and  Edin- 
tore, Elginshire.  Died  1st  August  1815.  Mar.  30th  August  1806,  the  widow  of 
Archibald  Burnett,  Bengal. 

GORDON,  ROBERT,  of  Baudarroch.  18th  November  1830. 

Apprentice  to  Alexander  Blair. — Son  of  William  Gordon,  Senr.,  Writer  in 
Dumfries.  Bm-ii  1807.  Died  2d  December  1883.  Mar.  23d  April  1840,  S.nrah, 
second  daughter  of  Wilson  Fisher,  AVhitehavep. 


^r-'  LIST  or  MEMBERS  88 

GOEDON,  THOMAS.  24th  July  1672.   • 

Apprentice  to  Alexander  Hamilton. — Eldest  sou  of  James  Gordon  of  Buthlay, 
Aberdeenshire.  Clerk  of  Justiciary,  6th  November  1682.  Died  about  1697. 
Mar.  9th  September  1673,  Janet  Fletcher. 

GORDON,  THOMAS,  of  Whitburn.  5th  July  1782. 

Apprentice  to  Andrew  Stuart — Only  son  of  the  Rev.  Thomas  Gordon,  Minister 
of  Speymoutli.  Died  6th  March  1845.  Mar.  6th  April  1785,  Letitia,  daughter 
of M'Veagh,  Manufacturer  in  Huntly. 

GORDON,  THOMAS.  12th  November  1840. 

Apprentice  to  James  Macallan. — Fourth  son  of  William  Gordon  of  Campbelton, 
Kirkcudbright.  Born  14th  February  1817.  Died  9th  October  1876.  Mar.  6th 
July  1847,  Eliza  Cecilia,  third  daughter  of  George  Shaw  Brooke,  Jaffna,  Ceylon. 

GORDON,  THOMAS  JARRON.  22d  July  1868. 

Apprentice  to  James  Hope  and  Robert  Mackay. — Son  of  James  Gordon, 
Merchant  in  Forfar.  Bom  15th  October  1837.  Mar.  22d  August  1871,  CaroHne 
EUzabeth,  only  daughter  of  Henry  Churton  of  West  Mount,  Cheshire. 

GORDON,  WILLIAM.  14th  November  1664. 

Apprentice  to  John  Bayne. — Disd  March  1680.  Mar.  25th  January  1666,  Helen 
Anderson. 

GORDON,  WILLIAM,  of  Greenlaw  and  Culvennan.  25th  January  1742. 

Apprentice  to  Thomas  Goldie.— Only  son  of  Sir  Alexander  Gordon  of  Earlstouu, 
Bart.  Bm-n  1706.  Died  October  1757.  Mar.  1740,  Isabella,  daughter  of  John 
M'Culloch  of  Barholm  and  Jean  Gordon  of  Calvennan,  his  wife. 

GORDON,  WILLIAM.  5th  July  1742. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  Hugh  Somerville ;  and  (2)  Archibald  Stuart. — Son  of  Dr.  John 
Gordon,  Physician  in  Aberdeen.     Died  1788.     Latterly  a  Solicitor  in  London. 

GORDON,  WILLIAM,  of  Rothney.  9th  July  1789. 

Apprentice  to  Samuel  Mitchelson. — Only  son  of  George  Gordon  of  Rothney, 
Aberdeenshire.     Died  10th  February  1824. 

GORDON,  WILLIAM,  of  Culvennan.  12th  February  1824. 

Apprentice  to  Alexander  Blair. — Eldest  son  of  David  Gordon,  Captain  in  the 
Dumfriesshire  Militia.  Bm-n  17th  August  1800.  Died  27th  January  1858. 
Mar.  17th  August  1825,  Agnes  Marian,  third  daughter  of  John  Hyslop,  London. 

GORDON,  WILLIAM  JOHN.  27th  October  1882. 

Apprentice  to  Robert  Strathern. — Son  of  John  Gordon,  Merchant  in  Dundee. 
Barn  2d  December  1857. 

GO  VAN,  JOHN,  OF  Blalowan.  13th  June  1806. 

Apprentice  to  David  Balfour. — Son  of  Dr.  John  Govan,  Physician  in  Cupar. 
Died  22d  October  1861,  aged  79,  unmarried. 


8«  THE  SOCIETY   OF  WRITEES  TO  THE   SIGNET 

GRACE,  CHARLES  STUART.  28th  April  1882.  ;i 

Apprentice  to  Sir  John  Gillespie  and  Thomas  Paterson. — Son  of  Stuart  Grace, 
Town-Clerk  of  St.  Andrews.  Bffrn  6th  April  1859.  Mar.  17th  February  1885, 
Ella  Mary,  eldest  daughter  of  William  Francis  Lindesay  of  Fairieland,  Ceylon. 

GRACIE,  JOHN  BLACK.  29th  November  1821. 

Apprentice  to  Charles  Oliphant. — Seventh  son  of  John  Gracie,  Merchant  in 
Wanlockhead.  Dkd  10th  May  1847,  aged  48.  Mar.  1822,  Jane  Mitchell 
Lebum.    Principal  Clerk  of  Commissary  Court. 

GRACIE,  WILLIAM.  4th  March  1805. 

Apprentice  to  Alexander  Young. — Eldest  son  of  James  Gracie,  Accountant  in 
Dumfries.  Died  24th  March  1813.  Mar.  24th  January  1806,  Elizabeth  Emily, 
eldest  daughter  of  Thomas  James  of  Hensingham  Hall,  Cumberland. 

GRAEME,  JAMES,  of  Garvock.  8th  March  1827. 

Apprentice  to  Roger  Aytoun. — Eldest  son  of  Robert  Graeme  of  Garvock.  Bom 
23d  July  1803.  Died  12th  December  1859.  Mar.  26th  June  1837,  Helenade, 
only  surviving  daughter  of  Charles  De  Jersey,  Attorney-General  at  Guernsey. 

GRAEME,  JOHN,  of  Eskbank.  10th  July  1770. 

Apprentice  to  James  Smyth. — Youngest  son  of  Robert  Graeme,  brother  to  John 
Graeme  of  Balgo wan,  Perthshire.  Died  19th  September  1814.  Mir.  29th  June 
1781,  Mary  Scott  of  Usan,  Forfarshire. 

GRAEME,  ROBERT,  of  Well  Hall.  14th  May  1835. 

Apprentice  to  Roger  Aytoun. — Son  of  Robert  Graeme  of  Garvock.  Born  12th 
June  1811.  Died  13th  October  1870.  Mar.  28th  April  1843,  Anne,  third 
daughter  of  Patrick  Baron  Seton  of  Preston,  Linlithgowshire. 

GRAHAM,  ALEXANDER  SPEARS.  1st  July  1830. 

Apprentice  to  Tod  and  Hill. — Second  son  of  Thomas  Graham,  residing  in  Leopold 
Place,  Edinbui-gh.     Bm-n  1807.     Died  1850.     Mar.  1837,  Eliza  Stirling. 

GRAHAM,  HARRY.  20th  November  1671. 

Apprentice  to  William  Thomson. — Son  of  Robert  Graham  of  Boshelholme. 
Died  23d  May  1699.     Mar.  30th  March  1677,  Marion  Hamiltoa 

GRAHAM,  HENRY  CUNNINGHAM.  13th  November  1834. 

Apprentice  to  John  Home. — Son  of  John  Graham,  Jeweller  in  Edinburgh.  Born 
1st  January  1806.  Died  11th  April  1858.  Mar.  14th  April  1835,  Jane 
Forrester,  eldest  daughter  of  the  Rev.  Archibald  Maconochie,  minister  of  Bonkle. 

GRAHAM,  HUMPHREY.  10th  March  1813. 

Apprentice  to  David  Thomson. — Eldest  son  of  Lieutenant  Colonel  Humphrey 
Graham,  Chamberlain  to  the  Duke  of  Argyll.  Born  28th  January  1789.  Died 
28th  November  1868.  Mar.  18th  September  1826,  Joanna,  youngest  daughter 
ofAdam  Wilson,  D.C.S. 


LIST   OF    MEMBEKS  8f 

GRAHAM,  JAMES,  of  Damside.  14th  November  1726. 

Apprentice  to  John  Lumsdaine. — Son  of  Robert  Graham  of  Kirkland,  Town- 
Clerk  of  Perth.  Died  16th  November  1763.  Mar.  (1)  April  1728,  Christian, 
daughter  of  George  Balfour  of  Balbirnie,  Fifeshire;  and  (2)  April  1740,  Bethia, 
daughter  of  James  Deans  of  Woodhouselee,  Mid-Lothian. 

GRAHAM,  REV.  JAMES.  11th  December  1788. 

Apprentice  to  Lawrence  Hill. — Son  of  Thomas  Graham,  Writer  in  Glasgow.  Bm-n 
22d  April  1765.  Died  14th  September  1811.  Mar.  17th  March  1802,  Janet, 
daughter  of  Thomas  Graham  of  Blatwood.  Admitted  Advocate  17th  March 
1795.  Ordained  28th  May  1809 ;  Curate  of  Shipton,  Gloucester,  and  of  Sedgfield, 
Durham ;  Author  of  The  Sabbath,  and  other  Poems. 

GRAHAM,  JAMES  HOPE  STEWART,  of  Dunabbie.  2d  November  1881. 

Apprentice  to  William  Stuart  Fraser. — Son  of  James  Graham  of  Dunabbie, 
Dumfriesshire.  Born  16th  April  1856.  Mar.  31st  October  1888,  Isabel,  daughter 
of  Robert  Carlyle,  Waterbeck,  Dumfriesshire. 

GRAHAM,  JOHN.  20th  May  1800. 

Apprentice  to  John  Morison. — Son  of  John  Graham,  Farmer  at  Colleum.  Died 
1831. 

GRAHAM,  PATRICK,  of  Robshill.  25th  November  1824. 

Apprentice  to  John  Tweedie. — Only  son  of  John  Graham  of  Robshill,  Renfrew- 
shire. Born  1799.  Died  15th  November  1867.  Mar.  4th  October  1831,  Janet, 
daughter  of  Allan  Pollock  of  Faside,  Renfrewshire. 

GRAHAM,  ROBERT.  17th  March  1797. 

Apprentice  to  John  Campbell. — Second  son  of  James  Graham  of  Duchraw, 
Stirlingshire.    Di^d  27th  August  1818. 

GRAHAM,  THOMAS.  5th  July  1821. 

Apprentice  to  John  Campbell. — Eldest  son  of  Archibald  Graham  of  Drumquhassle, 
Stirlingshire,  Cashier  to  the  Thistle  Bank,  Glasgow.  Bwn  1793.  Died  29th 
June  1881.  Mar.  14th  March  1822,  Agnes,  daughter  of  Robert  Veitch  of 
Hawthornbank. 

GRAHAM,  THOMAS  EDWARD.  19th  March  1888. 

Apprentice  to  John  Clerk  Brodie. — Son  of  James  Graham,  C.A.,  Glasgow.  Born 
5th  June  1863. 

GRAHAM,  WILLIAM  STIRLING. 
See  Stirling,  William. 

GRANGER,  JOHN.  1st  July  1790. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  William  Wilson,  Junr. ;  and  (2)  Walter  Scott. — Only  son  of 
David  Granger  of  Brokencross.    Died  3d  December  1828. 

GRANT,  ALEXANDER.  28th  June  1787. 

Apprentice  to  Isaac  Grant. — Son  of  Patrick  Grant  of  Nevie.    Died  4th  July  1808. 


88  THE  SOCIETY   OF  WRITERS   TO  THE   SIGNET 

GRANT,  COLIN  CAMPBELL.  15th  November  1860. 

Apprentice  to  Allan  Meuzies  and  Robert  Blair  Macouochie. — Son  of  the  Rev. 
James  Grant,  D.D.,  D.C.L.,  Edinburgh.  Born  13th  June  1830.  Resigned  his 
Commission  9th  November  1865.    Called  to  the  English  Bar  1 7th  November  1868. 

GRANT,  COLQUHOUN,  of  Burnside.  29th  June  1759. 

Apprentice  to  Alexander  Steuart. — Second  son  of  John  Grant  of  Burnside.  Died 
2d  December  1792.    Served  during  the  '45  in  Prince  Charles'  Life  Guards. 

GRANT,  DUNCAN,  of  Bught.  24th  February  182.5. 

Apprentice  to  Kenneth  and  Thomas  Mackenzie. — Son  of  James  Grant  of  Bught, 
Inverness-shire.  Born  1801.  Died  9th  December  1873.  Mar.  21st  December 
1847,  Catherine  Monro,  daughter  of  Alexander  Warrand,  M.D.,  H.E.I.C.S. 

GRANT,  FRANCIS  JAMES.  10th  January  1887. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  William  Reid;  and  (2)  Alexander  Paterson  Purves.— Second 
son  of  John  Grant,  Marchmont  Herald,  Edinburgh,  and  nephew  of  James  Grant, 
Novelist.     Bm'ii  4th  August  1863.     Carrick  Pui-suivant  of  Arms,  1886. 

GRANT,  ISAAC,  of  Hilton.  Ui  July  1763. 

Apprentice  to  James  Gartshore. — Son  of  John  Grant  in  Belnatomb.  Died  27th 
December  1794,  aged  70.     Clerk  to  the  Commissioners  of  Teinds. 

GRANT,  JAMES,  of  Burnhall.  6th  February  1792. 

Apprentice  to  John  Gordon. — Second  son  of  Patrick  Grant  of  Glenmoriston, 

Inverness-shire.  Born  1768.  Died  16th  June  1834.  Mar.  27th  July  1803, 
Helen,  daughter  of  Charles  Shearer  of  Knowhead. 

GRANT,  JAMES.  19th  June  1818. 

Apprentice  to  John  Tweedie. — Eldest  son  of  Nathaniel  Grant,  S.S.C.  Born  1790. 
Died  March  1844,  unmarried. 

GRANT,  JOHN.  3d  December  1729. 

Apprentice  to  Robert  Hepburn. — Died  26th  May  1759.  Mar.  Catherine,  daughter 
of  James  Baird  of  Chesterhall,  W.S. 

GRANT,  JOHN  PETER.  8th  July  1822. 

Apprentice  to  John  Kennack. — Son  of  the  Rev.  James  Grant,  Minister  of  Laggan, 
and  his  wife,  Ann  Macvicar,  the  distinguished  authoress.  Born  1st  June  1799. 
Died  15th  December  1870.  Mar.  (1)  16th  March  1833,  Margaret,  youngest 
daughter  of  Moses  Steven  of  Polmadie,  Renfrewshire;  (2)  22d  October  1840, 
Robina,  daughter  of  Robert  Grant  of  Kincorth,  Morayshire;  and  (3)  17th 
November  1852,  Jane  Adinston,  daughter  of  Walter  Graham,  M.D.,  Dalkeith. 

GRANT,  JOSEPH.  7th  March  1815. 

Apprentice  to  John  Renton. — Only  son  of  Allan  Grant,  Messenger-at-Arms.  B<yrn 
1793.    Di^  24th  February  1873,  unmarried. 


LIST  OF  MEMBERS  Wf 

GRANT,  PATRICK.  8th  December  1825. 

Apprentice  to  Harry  Davidson. — Eldest  son  of  Jame.s  Grant,  W.S.  Died  18th 
April  1870,  aged  65.  Mar.  6th  August  1838,  Emilia,  daughter  of  Evan  Baillie 
ofDochfour,  Inverness-shire.     Sheiiff-Clerk  of  Inverness-shire,  1831-70. 

GRANT,  ROBERT,  of  Ruthrie.  8th  March  1734. 

Apprentice  to  Andrew  Hay  of  Montblairie. — Eldest  son  of  John  Grant  of 
Ruthrie.    Died  11th  July  1783. 

GRANT,  ROBERT  SIMPSON.  16th  July  1889. 

Apprentice  to  John  Cowan  and  James  A.  Dalmahoy. — Second  son  of  William 
•Tames  Grant  of  Beldomie,  Banffshire.     Bom  16th  August  1865. 

GRANT,  THOMAS  MACPHERSON,  of  Cr.\igo.  23d  November  1837. 

Apprentice  to  James  Shepherd. — Son  of  Sir  George  Macpherson  of  Ballindalloch, 
Bart.    Bm-n  30th  June  1815.     Dkd  23d  September  1881,  unmarried. 

GRAY,  ALEXANDER.  30th  June  1760. 

Apprentice  to  John  Syme. — Son  of  John  Gray,  writer  in  Fochabers.  Bied  14th 
January  1780.  Mar.  (1)  Margaret  Alves ;  and  (2)  October  1773,  Ellen,  daughter 
of  Archibald  Stewart,  Merchant,  Edinburgh.  Substitute-Keeper,  16th  November 
1762. 

GRAY,  ALEXANDER  STEWART.  10th  January  1887. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  James  Gibson  Craig  Brodie ;  and  (2)  John  Little  Mounsey. — Son 
of  William  Gray,  residing  at  Brownrigg,  North  Berwick.     Bnrit  17th  May  1862. 

GRAY,  ANDREW.  23d  May  1820. 

Apprentice  to  Thomas  Cranston. — Eldest  son  of  David  Gray  of  Snipe,  Tacksman 
of  Dalhousie  Mains,  Mid-Lothian.  Bied  28th  July  1846,  aged  54,  unmarried. 
Collector  of  Fee  Fund,  Court  of  Session,  1844-5. 

GRAY,  GEORGE.  27th  June  1839. 

Apprentice  to  William  Bell. — Son  of  George  Gra}',  Surgeon  in  Edinburgli.  Born 
3d  December  1808.  Mar.  (1)  1839,  Martha  Moses;  and  (2)  22d  February  1887, 
Helen,  daughter  of  William  Wright,  M.D.,  Edinburgh,  and  widow  of  John 
Wright,  M.D.,  Lochgilphead. 

GRAY,  GEORGE  ADINSTON.  18th  December  1826. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  Walter  Dickson  of  Monybuie;  and  (2)  George  Dunlop. — Son  of 
David  Gray  of  Snipe,  Mid-Lothian.     Died  29th  June  1851,  aged  51,  unmarried. 

GRAY,  JAMES.  16th  February  1710. 

Apprentice  to  John  Montgomerie. — Mar.  Isobel  White.     JMed  November  1733. 

GRAY,  JOHN.  1st  July  1763. 

Apprentice  to  John  Dickie. — Eldest  son  of  William  Gray  of  Newholm.  Bied 
15th  February  1811.  Mar.  Marion,  daughter  of  the  Rev.  James  Brown,  one  of 
the  Ministers  of  Edinburgh.    Town-Clerk  of  Edinburgh,  1786-1811. 


8B  THE   SOCIETY   OF  WEITEKS  TO  THE  SIGNET 

GRAY,  JOHN.  24th  June  1824. 

Apprentice  to  Francis  Brodie  and  George  Imlach. — Third  son  of  John  Gray, 
Solicitor  at  Law.  Died  16th  October  1868,  aged  70.  Mar.  17th  April  1837,  his 
cousin,  Harriet  Louisa,  daughter  of  Andrew  Gray  of  Craigo. 

GREENLAW,  GEORGE.  30th  January  1797. 

Apprentice  to  Sir  Robert  Dundas  of  Beechwood. — Son  of  the  Rev.  Michael 
Greenlaw,  D.D.,  Minister  of  Creich.  Died  12th  December  1834,  aged  65.  Mar. 
15th  July  1808,  Katherine,  daughter  of  George  Makgill  of  Kemback,  Fifeshire. 

GREIG,  ALEXANDER,  of  Hallgreig.  5th  March  1801. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  William  Campbell  of  Crawfordton;  and  (2)  James  Home. — 

Eldest  son  of  David  Greig  of  Hallgreig.     Bwn  1776.     Died  29th  March  1867. 

Mar.  8th  January  1810,  Jane,  daughter  of  John  Whittet  of  Potterhill,  Perth. 

Solicitor  to  Admiralty,  1807. 
GREIG,  DAVID.  6th  March  1817. 

Apprentice  to  James  Greig. — Son  of  the  Rev.  David  Greig,  Minister  of  the 

Associate  Burgher  Congregation  of  Lochgelly.    Died  26th  January  1825.    Mar. 

12th  July  1824,  Catherine,  daughter  of  Joseph  Maxton,  Edinburgh. 

GREIG,  GEORGE,  of  Eccles.  13th  July  1848. 

Apprentice  to,  and  eldest  son  of,  James  Greig,  W.S. — Bom  12th  March  1823.  Died 
19th  June  1869.  Mar.  24th  July  1866,  Isabella  Dickson,  younger  daughter  of 
William  Richardson  Dickson  of  Alton,  Roxburghshire. 

GREIG,  JAMES,  of  Eccles.  4th  March  1805. 

Apprentice  to  Robert  Hill. — Son  of  George  Greig  of  Bridgend,  near  Kinross. 
Bom  10th  March  1782.  Died  10th  December  1859.  Mar.  10th  October  1820, 
Agnes,  second  daughter  of  John  Borthwick  of  Crookston,  Mid-Lothian. 

GREIG,  JAMES,  of  West  Cambus.  11th  December  1823. 

Apprentice  to  James  F.  Gordon. — Son  of  John  Greig,  Ironmonger  in  Edinburgh. 
Bom  19th  April  1798.  Died  25th  December  1850.  Mar.  11th  September  1827, 
Agnes  Helen,  daughter  of  Peter  Macfarlane  of  West  Cambus,  Clackmannanshire. 

GREIG,  JOHN  BORTHWICK.  7th  May  1859. 

Apprentice  to,  and  son  of,  James  Greig  of  Eccles,  Berwickshire,  W.S. — Bom 
2d  May  1824.  Mar.  12th  August  1857,  Mary  Jane,  eldest  daughter  of  William 
Grant  of  Funchal,  Madeira.     Parliamentary  Solicitor  to  Society. 

GREIG,  SOMMERVILLE.  3d  March  1861. 

Apprentice  to  John  Auld. — Son  of  James  Greig  of  West  Cambus,  W.S.  Bom 
6th  November  1835. 

GRIERSON,  ANDREW.  1st  March  1832. 

Apprentice  to  Andrew  Tawse. — Son  of  Andrew  Grierson,  Clothier  in  EdinburgL 
Borii  1st  January  1808.     Died  9th  October  1876,  unmarried. 


LIST  OF  MEMBERS  89 

GRIERSON,  THOMAS.  30th  June  1789. 

Apprentice  to  Andrew  Blane. — Son  of  David  Grierson,  Fanner,  Cubbox,  Kirk- 
cudbright.    Died  5th  September  1826. 

GRIERSON,  WILLIAM.  16th  May  1818. 

See  YoRSTOUN,  William  Gkierson. 

GRIEVE,  ANDREW.  24th  May  1821. 

Apprentice  to  John  Ross. — Son  of  John  Grieve,  Civil  Engineer  in  Edinburgh. 
Died  6th  May  1870,  aged  73.  Mar.  1843,  Louisa,  daughter  of  Captain  Salmond, 
H.E.LC.S. 

GUILD,  JOHN  ERSKINE.  15th  July  1886. 

Apprentice  to  J.  0.  Mackenzie,  Harry  Cheyne,  and  John  Kermack. — Son  of 
John  Guild,  Merchant,  Dundee.     Bwn  23d  June  1860. 

GULLAND,  WILLIAM.  18th  June  1856. 

Apprentice  to  Thomas  Gray  Scott. — Eldest  son  of  Charles  GuUand,  Writer  in 
Falkland.     Born  19th  December  1828. 

GUTHRIE,  ALEXANDER.  4th  January  1698. 

Apprentice  to  James  W^inraham. — Died  30th  September  1729.  Mar.  11th 
September  1700,  Jean,  daughter  of  James  Menteith,  of  Auldcathie,  West- 
Lothian. 

GUTHRIE,  JAMES. 

Died  before  1649. 

GUTHRIE,  JAMES.  25th  February  1720. 

Apprentice    to,    and  son    of,    Alexander    Guthrie,    W.S. — Died    March    1737. 

Mar.  Jean  Dickson.  Author  of  An  Introduction  to  the  Knowledge  of  Decimal 
Arithmetic,  1731. 

GUTHRIE,  JOHN.  20th  April  1688. 

Apprentice  to  William  Guthrie. 

GUTHRIE,  LAWRENCE  ANDERSON.  15th  July  1886. 

Apprentice  to  Patrick  William  Campbell. — Son  of  Patrick  Guthrie,  Merchant  in 
Edinburgh,  and  grandson  of  Rev.  Thomas  Guthiie,  D.D.  Born  16tli  June  1863. 
Mar.  30th  July  1890,  Helena  Elizabeth  Mary,  only  daughter  of  James  Muirhead, 
Advocate,  Professor  of  Civil  Law,  Edinburgh  University. 

GUTHRIE,  RICHARD. 

Signs  the  Acts  of  7th  December  1612. 

GUTHRIE,  RICHARD.  14th  December  1627. 

Servitor  to  John  Shairp  of  Houston,  Advocate. — Re-admitted  21st  November 
1661.     Resigned  his  Commission,  and  died  January  1664. 

M 


90  THE   SOCIETY   OF  WRITEES  TO  THE  SIGNET 

GUTHRIE,  WILLIAM.  7th  March  1664. 

Apprentice  to  Richard  Guthrie. — Died  January  1673.  Mar.  Mary,  daughter  of 
Richard  Guthrie,  W.S. 

HAGART,  JAMES  VALENTINE-.  12th  November  1868. 

Apprentice  to  Archibald  Burn  Murdoch. — Son  of  James  Valentine-Hagart  of 
Glendelvine,  Perthshire,  S.S.C.    Bi/rn  1845. 

HAIG,  JAMES,  OF  Bemersyde.  15th  November  1827. 

Apprentice  to  Hugh  Watson. — Eldest  son  of  James  Haig  of  Bemersyde,  Berwick- 
shire.    Bffrn  4th  October  1795.    Died  14th  January  1854,  unmarried. 

HALDANE,  FRANCIS  GROVE.  16th  July  1889. 

Apprentice  to  W.  J.  Dundas. — Son  of  James  Haldane,  C.A  Bom  30th 
November  1866. 

HALDANE,  JAMES  ALEXANDER.  12th  December  1867. 

Apprentice  to,  and  son  of,  Robert  Haldane,  W.S. — Born  11th  December  1844. 
Mar.  22d  July  1868,  Sarah  Jean,  only  child  of  John  Reid,  Cape  Town. 

HALDANE,  ROBERT,  of  Cloanden.  5th  March  1829. 

Apprentice  to  John  Yule. — Son  of  Captain  James  Alexander  Haldane,  H.E.I.C.S. 
Bern  27th  January  1805.  Died  12th  June  1877.  Mar.  (1)  20th  July  1841, 
Jane,  daughter  of  John  Makgill  of  Kemback,  Fifeshire ;  and  (2)  27th  July  1853, 
Mary  Elizabeth,  second  daughter  of  Richard  Burdon  Sanderson  of  West  Jesmond, 
Northumberland. 

HALDANE,  WILLIAM  CUNINGHAME.  16th  December  1824. 

Apprentice  to  Robert  Fleming. — Second  son  of  John  Haldane,  Writer  in  Edin- 
burgh. Died  at  Wollongong,  N.S.W.,  4th  July  1844,  aged  43.  Mar.  22d  August 
1833j  Catherine  Anne,  fifth  daughter  of  Alexander  Miller  of  Monkcastle. 

HALDANE,  WILLIAM  STOWELL,  B.L.  19th  March  1888. 

Apprentice  to  Alexander  Howe  and  William  Macgillivray. — Son  of  Robert 
Haldane,  W.S.    Bwn  19th  August  1864. 

HALDIN,  GEORGE.  25th  May  1635. 

Apprentice  to  Harry  Osbum. — Died  about  1660.    Mar.  Isabel  Dundas. 

HALIBURTON,  ANDREW.  26th  August  1699. 

Apprentice  to  David  Haliburton. — Third  son  of  Thomas  Haliburton  of  Newmains, 
Berwickshire.  Bmi  9th  March  1673.  Died  20th  February  1738.  Mar.  18th 
April  1700,  Marion,  second  daughter  of  Robert  Elliot  of  Middlemiln,  Roxburgh- 
shire. 

HALIBURTON,  ANDREW.  Ist  July  1763. 

Apprentice  to  Hew  Crawford. — Son  of  James  Haliburton,  W.S.  Resigned  his 
Commission  8th  August  1785,  and  Died  26th  January  1794,  unmarried. 


LIST  OF  MEMBEES  91 

HALIBUETON,  DAVID.  4th  December  1693. 

Apprentice  to  James  Peter. — Son  of  Thomas  Haliburton  of  Newmains,  Berwick- 
shire.   Died  29th  April  1697,  aged  58,  unmarried. 

HALIBURTON,  JAMES.  8th  March  1726. 

Apprentice  to  Alexander  Hamilton  of  Dechmont. — Dkd  25th  November  1773. 
Mar.  6th  April  1726,  Euphan,  daughter  of  Andrew  Dennet,  Merchant,  Edin- 
burgh. 

HALL,  JOHN  SHARP.  9th  July  1821. 

Apprentice  to  Craufurd  Tait. — Son  of  the  Rev.  James  Hall,  Minister  of  Lesmaha- 
gow.  Born  1797.  Died  at  Halifax,  Nova  Scotia,  30th  September  1885.  Mar. 
Margaret  Fleming. 

HALL,  ROBERT.  8th  July  1828. 

Apprentice  to  John  Forman. — Son  of  Robert  Hall,  one  of  the  Magistrates  of 
Edinburgh.     Bom  1804.     Died  12th  July  1840,  unmarried. 

HALYBURTONE,  GEORGE. 

Reponed  30th  May  1636. 

HAMILTON,  ALEXANDER,  of  Hill.  16th  July  1642. 

Apprentice  to  James  Kirkwod. — Eldest  son  of  James  Hamilton  of  Hill,  Lanark- 
shire.   Died  March  1672.    Mar.  Marion  Elies. 

HAMILTON,  SIR  ALEXANDER,  of  Haggs,  Bart.  15th  July  1700. 

Apprentice  to  William  Forrester. — Son  of  Sir  Alexander  Hamilton,  first  Baronet 
of  Haggs. 

HAMILTON,  ALEXANDER,  of  Dechmont  and  Pencaitland.    6th  November  1711. 

Apprentice  to  Hugh  Somerville.— Second  son  of  James  Hamilton  of  Pencaitland, 
East-Lothian,  W.S.  Died  21st  March  1758.  Mar.  Mary,  eldest  daughter  of  Sir 
Francis  Kinloch  of  Gilmerton,  Bart. 

HAMILTON,  ALEXANDER.  31st  May  1827. 

Apprentice  to  James  Hamilton  of  Kames. — Son  of  Charles  Hamilton,  Merchant 
in  Glasgow.  Born  1797.  Died  1st  January  1884.  Mar.  3d  November  1836, 
Margaret  Chisholm,  only  daughter  of  Richard  Laiidreth,  of  Island  of  Grenada ; 
and  (2)  15th  July  1845,  Mary  Chisholm,  eldest  daughter  of  Charles  Robertson 
of  Kindeace,  Ross-shire. 

HAMILTON,  ANDREW,  of  Spittalhaugh.  3d  July  1781. 

Apprentice  to  John  Russell. — Son  of  Charles  Hamilton  of  Spittalhaugh,  Peebles- 
shire.    Died  3d  May  1807. 

HAMILTON,  ARTHUR. 

Signs  Minute  16th  December  1594.     Died  about  1629. 


98  THE   SOCIETY   OF   WEITERS   TO   THE   SIGNET 

HAMILTON,  DANIEL,  of  Gilkerscleugh.  29th  June  1786. 

Apprentice  to  David  Erskine. — Third  son  of  Alexander  Hamilton  of  Gilkers- 
cleugh, Lanarkshire.  Died  30th  June  1823.  Mar.  20th  December  1793,  Harriet, 
second  daughter  of  Walter  Campbell  of  Shawfield,  Lanarkshire. 

HAMILTON,  ERNEST.  27th  October  1882. 

Apprentice  to  Alexander  Hamilton,  George  Thomas  Kinnear,  and  Robert  Beat- 
son. — Son  of  Alexander  Hamilton,  W.S.     Born  23d  March  1859. 

HAMILTON,  FRANCIS.  11th  December  1828. 

Apprentice  to  James  Bridges. — Son  of  William  Hamilton,  Writer  in  Hamilton. 
Died  1858,  aged  52.  Mar.  2d  November  1829,  Mary  Stevenson,  eldest  daughter 
of  Captain  D.  Mackintosh,  Royal  Highlanders. 

HAMILTON,  JAMES,  of  Pencaitland.  19th  February  1683. 

Apprentice  to  Sir  James  Elphinstone. — Second  son  to  Robert  Hamilton  of  Pres- 

mennan.     Died  30th  May  1729.     Mar.  Catherine,  daughter  of Denholm  of 

.  Westshiells.  Clerk  Register,  27th  February  1697.  Clerk  of  Parliament.  Princi- 
pal Clerk  of  Session,  2d  June  1697.  Elevated  to  the  Bench  8th  November  1712, 
when  he  assumed  the  title  of  Lord  Pencaitland;  resigned  1726. 

HAMILTON,  JAMES,  of  Kajies.  5th  March  1801. 

Apprentice  to  Daniel  Hamilton,  his  brother. — Youngest  son  of  Alexander  Hamil- 
ton of  Gilkerscleugh.  Died  5th  January  1849,  aged  72.  Mar.  12th  December 
1809,  Harriet  Frances,  daughter  of  Richard  Wynne  of  Folkingham,  Lincoln- 
shire. 

HAMILTON,  JOHN.  15th  March  1644. 

Apprentice  to  John  Mudie. — Re-admitted  21st  November  1660. 

HAMILTON,  JOHN.  24th  October  1678. 

Apprentice  to  William  Charteris. 

HAMILTON,  JOHN.  2d  January  1682. 

Apprentice  to  Robert  Hamilton  of  Presmennan,  his  uncle. — Son  of  Mr.  James 
Hamilton,  Minister  of  Eaglesham.  Mar.  (1)  Rachel  Sandilands;  and  (2)  4th 
April  1684,  Agnes,  daughter  of  William  Law  of  Lauriston,  and  sister  of  the 
financier. 

HAMILTON,  JOHN,  of  Newton.  3d  March  1707. 

Apprentice  to  John  Cuningham. — Son  of  William  Hamilton  of  Wishaw.  Died 
25th  January  1757,  aged  78.    Mar.  Jean,  daughter  of Gartshore  of  that  Ilk. 

HAMILTON,  JOHN.  30th  July  1716. 

Apprentice  to  John  Loutfoot. — Fiscal,  1726-28.  Resigned  his  Commission 
27th  June  1748. 


LIST   OF  MEMBERS  90 

HAMILTON,  JOHTSr.  2d  March  1826. 

Apprentice  to  Walter  Dickson. — Second  son  of  Captain  John  Hamilton  of  73d 
Regiment.  Died  25th  January  1870,  aged  77,  unmarried.  Substitute-Keeper  of 
the  Signet,  1831-67.     Admitted  Advocate  8th  July  1815. 

HAMILTON,  PATRICK. 

Signs  the  Acts  26th  December  1627. 

HAMILTON,  ROBERT,  of  Presmennan.  24th  March  1648. 

Apprentice  to  Thomas  Forrest. — Son  of  James  Hamilton  of  Barncleugh,  Lanark- 
shire. Died  10th  November  1695,  aged  73.  Mar.  Marion,  eldest  daughter  of  John 
Denholm  of  Muirhouse.  Re-admitted  21st  November  1661.  Principal  Clerk  of 
Session,  5th  June  1661.  Resigned  his  Commission  3d  February  1668.  Admitted 
Advocate  13th  June  1677.  Elevated  to  the  Bench  1st  November  1689,  when  he 
assumed  the  title  of  Lord  Presmennan. 

HAMILTON,  ROBERT.  12th  April  1648. 

Apprentice  to  John  Mudie. — Died  1687.  Mar.  10th  January  1656,  Elizabeth 
Wellwood.     Clerk  to  Society  1660-81.     Re-admitted  21st  November  1661. 

HAMILTON,  ROBERT.  12th  March  1736. 

Apprentice  to  James  Baillie. — Died  November  1742. 

HAMILTON,  ROBERT.  24th  June  1830. 

Apprentice  to  John  Bowie. — Son  of  John  Hamilton,  Receiver-General  of 
Customs.  Born  1806.  Died  21st  June  1872.  Mar.  13th  July  1840,  Christina 
Crawfurd,  daughter  of  Rev.  Thomas  Macknight,  D.D.,  Edinburgh. 

HAMILTON,  WILLIAM.  22d  November  1680. 

Apprentice  to  John  Sempill. — Son  to  Archibald  Hamilton  of  Hallcraig,  Lanark- 
shire. 

HAMILTON,  WILLIAM.  29th  October  1697. 

Apprentice  to  James  Hamilton  of  Pencaitland. — Third  son  of  Robert  Hamilton 
of  Presmennan,  East-Lothian.     Died  unmarried. 

HAMILTON,  WILLIAM.  22d  February  1793. 

Apprentice  to  John  Tait,  Senior. — Son  of  William  Hamilton,  Writer  in  Mauch- 
line.     Died  24th  December  1822. 

HANDYSIDE,  HUGH.  29th  June  1827. 

Apprentice  to  Robert  Paul. — Son  of  Hugh  Handyside,  Merchant  in  Edinburgh. 
Died  3d  November  1867,  aged  64.  Mar.  3d  September  1834,  Ann  Innes,  fourth 
daughter  of  Captain  William  Anderson,  96th  Regiment. 

HANDYSIDE,  WILLIAM.  12th  July  1791. 

Apprentice  to  Charles  Innes. — Son  of  Robert  Handyside  at  Whitehill.  Born 
19th  June  1764.  Died  17th  January  1816.  Mar.  5th  June  1797,  Jane,  daughter 
of  William  Cunningham  of  Bridgehouse.     Father  of  Lord  Handyside. 


Ml  THE  SOCIETY   OF  WRITERS   TO   THE   SIGNET 

HANNAY,  JOHN,  of  Over-Laggan.  22d  November  1821. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  Joseph  Cauvin ;  and  (2)  James  Camegy. — Fourth  son  of  James 
Hannay  of  Blarinde,  Kirkcudbrightshire.  Bmi  1798.  Died  26th  April  1868. 
Mar.  15th  September  1824,  Eliza  Sproat,  daughter  of  J.  Kennedy,  Dalton, 
Dumfriesshire. 

HARDIE,  NICOLL.  26th  November  1668. 

Apprentice  to  John  Muir. — Son  of  Robert  Hardie,  Burgess  in  Edinburgh.  Died 
February  1689.    Mar.  25th  July  1669,  Mary  Clerk. 

HAEDYMAN,  JOHN  HAY.  15th  November  1838. 

Apprentice  to  Humphrey  Graham. — Only  surviving  son  of  William  Henry 
Hardyman,  Commander  in  East  India  Company  Service.  Bm-n  2d  July  1814. 
Died  9th  February  1871.  Mar.  28th  November  1861,  Annabella  Gibson,  daughter 
of  William  Paton,  Armagh,  and  relict  of  Stewart  Maxwell.  Assistant  Extractor, 
Court  of  Session,  1853-71. 

HARE,  ALEXANDER  MACONOCHIE.  14th  July  1864. 

Apprentice  to  Robert  Blair  Maconochie. — Son  of  Stewart  Bayley  Hare  of  Calder- 
hall,  Mid-Lothian.   B(mi  14th  January  1838.   Died  14th  October  1876,  unmarried. 

HARLAW,  JAMES. 

Died  about  1600. 

HARLAW,  JAMES.  1599. 

Son  of  James  Harlaw,  W.S.—Died  28th  August  1617,  aged  44.  Mar.  23d  April 
1606,  Margaret  Purves.     Keeper  of  the  Privy  Seal. 

HART,  DAVID. 

Being  at  the  horn,  suspended  27th  January  1608. 

HARTLEY,  WILLIAM  AUGUSTUS.  Hth  April  1887. 

Apprentice  to  F.  Pitman,  J.  R.  Anderson,  W.  H  Mun-ay,  and  A.  R.  C.  Pitman. — 
Son  of  William  Hartley,  Factor  to  the  Eai-1  of  Mansfield  at  Comlongan  Castle, 
Dumfriesshire.     B&rn  15th  July  1861. 

HARVEY,  JOHN.  10th  December  1789. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  Michael  Nasmyth;  and  (2)  Colquhoun  Grant — Second  son  of 

Dr.  John  Harvey,  physician  in  London.  Died  13th  December  1832,  aged  70, 
unmarried. 

HARVIE,  THOMAS. 

Commissioner,  16th  December  1594.     Died  2l8t  January  1602. 

HASWELL,  JAMES.  12th  November  1869. 

Apprentice  to  Thomas  Graham  Murray. — Eldest  son  of  George  Haswell,  Writer 
in  Edinburgh.     Bcn-ii  31st  May  1842.     Died  18th  March  1873,  unmarried. 


LIST   OF   MEMBERS  85 

HATHORN,  VANS,  of  Changue  and  Garthland.  3d  July  1781. 

Apprentice  to  Thomas  Tod. — Second  son  of  Hugh  Hathom  of  Castlewigg, 
Wigtownshire.  Born  1753.  Died  14th  October  1839.  Mar.  19th  September 
1814,  Jane,  eldest  daughter  of  Sir  John  Dalrymple  Hay,  of  Park  Place,  Bart. 

HATTON,  JAMES.  2d  July  1829. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  James  Pedie;  and  (2)  James  Thomas  Murray. — Son  of  David 
Hatton,  Carver  and  Gilder  in  Edinburgh.  Died  28th  September  1866,  aged  61. 
Mar.  Anne,  daughter  of  John  Traquair  of  Hillhead,  Lasswade. 

HATTON,  ROBERT.  30th  June  1831.  4 

Apprentice  to  William  Renny. — Son  of  David  Hatton,  Carver  and  Gilder  in  Edin- 
burgh. Born  29th  November  1804.  Died  24th  November  1838.  Mar.  13th 
August  1830,  Marion  Joan,  daughter  of  John  Traquair  of  Hillhead,  Lasswade. 

HAY,  ADAM. 

See  Gordon,  Adam  Hay. 

HAY,  ALEXANDER. 

Son  of  John  Hay,  and  grandson  ol  Sir  Alexander  Hay  of  Easter  Kennet. — Com- 
missioner 18th  October  1631.    Clerk  of  Council  and  Session. 

HAY,  ALEXANDER.  19th  August  1718. 

Apprentice  to  Patrick  Murray. — Died  6th  October  1744.  Mar.  (1)  Ist  June  1721, 
Jean,  daughter  of  Mr.  Robert  Cheyne,  one  of  the  Ministers  of  Edinburgh ;  and 
(2)  Katherine  Lumsden. 

HAY,  ALEXANDER,  of  Hardengreen.  Ist  July  1819. 

Apprentice  to  Francis  Wilson. — Son  of  James  Hay,  Assistant  Clerk  of  Session. 
Born  11th  August  1796.  Died  18th  December  1854.  Mar.  24th  November  1834, 
Jane,  youngest  daughter  of  Robert  Brown  of  Westbarns,  East-Lothian. 

HAY,  ANDREW,  of  Haystoun. 

Signs  the  Acts  7th  December  1612.  Son  of  John  Hay  of  Kingsmeadows,  Peebles- 
shire.    Died  1655.     Mar.  Janet  Hay. 

HAY,  ANDREW,  of  Montblairie.  23d  November  1719. 

Apprentice  to  John  Stewart,  Senr. — Son  of  James  Hay  of  Rannes,  Aberdeenshire. 
Died  5th  December  1750.  Mar.  (1)  Mary,  second  daughter  of  Sir  Alexander 
Ogilvy  of  Forglen,  Lord  of  Session;  and  (2)  1721,  Mary,  daughter  of  George 
Allardice  of  that  Ilk. 

HAY,  CHARLES.  14th  November  1800. 

Apprentice  to  William  Balderston. — Son  of  Alexander  Hay  of  Mordington, 
Berwickshire.     Died  in  Ceylon  27th  December  1819. 

HAY,  DANIELL. 

Reported  not  having  an  "  open  buith  "  1607.  '• 


96  THE  SOCIETY  OF  WEITERS  TO  THE  SIGNET 

HAY,  FRANCIS,  of  Balhousie. 

Son  of  Peter  Hay  of  Kirkland  of  Megginch,  brother  of  George,  first  Earl  of 
Kinnoull.  Died  before  1661.  Mar.  Margaret,  daughter  of  James  Oliphant  of 
Bachilton,  Perthshire.  Fined  £2000  by  Cromwell's  Act  of  Grace  and  Pardon 
1654.    Commissioner,  26th  December  1627. 

HAY,  JAMES,  OF  Carriber.  16th  August  1671. 

Apprentice  to  William  Charters  and  John  Kennedy. — Second  son  of  David  Hay 
of  Woodcokdale,  Linlithgow.     Died  December  1702.     Mar.  Magdalen  Robertson. 

HAY,  JAMES,  OF  Cocklaw.  9th  December  1728. 

Apprentice  to  Andrew  Hay  of  Montblairie. — Second  son  of  Adam  Hay  of  Asleid. 
Died  20th  June  1771.  Mar.  (1)  July  1733,  Ann,  daughter  of  Alexander  Far- 
quharson,  W.S. ;  and  (2)  July  1746,  Agnes,  daughter  of  John  Moodie  of  Ardbikie, 
Forfarshire. 

HAY,  JAMES.  3d  August  1742. 

Apprentice  to  Alexander  Stevenson  of  Montgreenan.— Second  son  of  Lord 
WilUam  Hay  of  Newhall,  Mid-Lothian.  Died  31st  May  1779.  Mar.  October 
1744,  Jane,  daughter  of  John  Henderson  of  Liston,  Haddingtonshire.  Warden  of 
the  Mint,  24th  March  1744-79. 

HAY,  JAMES.  3d  July  1778. 

Apprentice  to  Samuel  Mitchelson. — Son  of  James  Hay,  W.S.     Died  6th  June  1788. 

HAY,  JAMES.  13th  July  1780. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  William  Hay;  and  (2)  John  Syme. — Eldest  son  of  William 
Hay,  W.S.     Died  1794. 

HAY,  JAMES.  30th  June  1789. 

Apprentice  to  Thomas  Tod. — Eldest  son  of  John  Hay,  younger  of  Hopes,  East- 
Lothian.  Died  15th  October  1821.  Mar.  11th  July  1798,  Matilda  Hay,  daughter 
of  Captain  John  Clark,  H.E.I.C.S.,  and  widow  of  Alexander  Falconar  of  Woodcot. 

HAY,  JOHN. 

Commissioner,  4th  December  1595.    Mar.  26th  May  1602,  Maria  Johnston. 

HAY,  JOHN,  OF  Restalrig.  1st  March  1726. 

Apprentice  to  Hew  Crawford. — Second  son  of  Alexander  Hay  of  Huntingdon, 
East-Lothiau.  Died  6th  December  1784.  Mar.  December  1727,  Anne,  daughter 
and  heiress  of  James  Elphinston  of  Restalrig,  Mid-Lothian.  Treasurer  to  Prince 
Charles,  whom  he  accompanied  to  France.  Attainted,  1746.  Fiscal,  1732-34. 
Treasurer,  1736-46.     Substitute-Keeper,  1725-41,  1742-46. 

HAY,  ROBERT.  '^^^  "^^''^  ""'  13th  June  1646. 

Apprentice  to  Thomas  Forrest. — Eldest  son  of  Robert  Hay,  Writer  in  Edinburgh. 
Mar.  Christian  Rae.     Re-admitted  21st  November  1661. 


LIST  OF   MEMBEES  97 

HAY,  WILLIAM,  or  Crawfordton.  13th  January  1755. 

Apprentice  to  James  Hay. — Son  of  James  Hay,  Physician  in  Dumfries.  Died 
13th  June  1776.  Mar.  January  1752,  Mary,  daughter  of  Ludovick  Cant  of 
Thurston,  East-Lothian. 

HAY,  WILLIAM,  of  Craufordton.  20th  June  1769. 

Apprentice  to  James  Hay  of  Cocklaw. — Son  of  Dr.  James  Hay,  Physician  in 
Dumfries,  and  brother-uterine  of  Alexander,  Lord  Banff.  Died  25th  December 
1796.     Mar.  Mary,  daughter  of  Samuel  Forbes  of  Knapperny,  Aberdeenshire. 

HAY,  WILLIAM  WARING.  24th  May  1821. 

See  Newton,  William  Waring  Hay. 

HEART,  J. 

Signs  Minute  of  17th  January  1606. 

HECTOR,  DAVID.  '  6th  December  1827.   . 

Apprentice  to  Charles  Oliphant. — Youngest  son  of  John  Hector,  residing  in 
Aberdeen.  Born  1802.  Died  23d  December  1874.  3Iar.  16th  November  1855, 
Mary  Charlotte,  daughter  of  William  Hay,  of  Laxfirth,  Zetland.  Admitted 
Advocate,  10th  February  1837.  Advocate-Depute,  1852.  Sheriff  of  Galloway, 
1861. 

HEGGIE,  GEORGE,  of  Pitlessie.  15th  May  1817. 

Apprentice  to  David  Wemyss. — Son  of  James  Heggie,  Merchant  in  Kirkcaldy, 
and  grandson  of  George  Heggie  of  Pitlessie,  Fifeshire.  Died  at  Moulmein, 
East  Indies,  5th  January  1842,  aged  50,  unmarried. 

HENDERSON,  ALEXANDER.  6th  June  1691. 

Son  of  William  Henderson,  W.S.     Died  1697. 

HENDERSON,  JAMES,  of  Pittadro.  11th  December  1682. 

Apprentice  to,  and  eldest  son  of,  William  Henderson,  W.S. 

HENDERSON,  JOHN.  25th  November  1824. 

Apprentice  to  William  Inglis. — Second  son  of  William  Henderson  of  Scotscalder. 
Sheriff-Substitute  of  Caithness.  Born  21st  December  1800.  Died  25th  August 
1883.  Mar.  10th  August  1829,  his  cousin,  Barbara,  daughter  of  William 
Henderson,  Edinburgh.     Author  of  Notes  of  Caithness  Family  History. 

HENDERSON,  RICHARD.  7th  June  1797. 

Apprentice  to  Charles  Stewart. — Eldest  son  of  Archibald  Henderson,  Merchant 
in  Glasgow.  Died  30th  June  1820.  Mar.  16th  June  1803,  Jean,  third  daughter 
of  Alexander  Fisher,  Greenock. 

HENDERSON,  ROBERT.  30th  June  1831. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  William  Forbes;  and  (2)  Hugh  Tod. — Son  of  Robert  Hender- 
son, Writer  in  Stirling.  Brni  17th  April  1807.  Died  27th  October  1852, 
unmarried.     Admitted  Advocate  26th  November  1836. 

N 


9^  THE  SOCIETY   OF  WRITERS   TO   THE  SIGNET 

HENDERSON,  THOMAS.  Uth  July  1859. 

Apprentice  to  David  Smith. — Son  of  William  Henderson,  Inspector,  National 
Bank  of  Scotland.     Bmn  2d  June  1835.     Died  8th  October  1866,  unmarried. 

HENDERSON,  or  HENRYSON,  WALTER. 
Commissioner,  15th  December  1594. 

HENDERSON,  or  HENRYSON,  WILLIAM.  15th  May  1643. 

Apprentice  to  Robert  Pringle. — Son  of  John  Henry  son,  servitor  to  Mr.  William 
Hay,  one  of  the  Clerks  of  Session.     Re-admitted  21st  November  1661. 

HENDERSON,  WILLIAM  SCOTT.  20th  May  1845. 

Apprentice  to  William  Charles  Balderston  and  John  Scott. — Second  son  of 
Robert  Henderson  of  Abbotrule,  Roxburghshire.  Bom  8th  October  1821.  Died 
3d  February  1859,  unmarried. 

HENDRY,  JOHN.  '  13th  November  1862.'^ 

Apprentice  to  John  Stewart. — Born  18th  November  1833.  Died  18th  May 
1863,  unmarried.     Author  of  a  Manual  of  Conveyancing,  1859,  and  other  works. 

HENRY,  MA.TTHEW.  16th  July  1888. 

Apprentice  to  J.  R.  M.  Wedderburn. — Son  of  John  Henry,  S.S.C.  Born  10th 
May  1864. 

HEPBURN,  JOHN  BUCHAN,  of  Castle  Dykks.  24th  November  1831. 

Apprentice  to  Morrison  and  Burnett. — Third  son  of  Sir  John  Buchan  Hepburn 
of  Smeaton,  Bart.  j9o»-n  2d  May  1808.  J5i«i  Uth  December  1874.  Mar.  30th 
May  1837,  Margaret  Sophia,  youngest  daughter  of  A.  F.  Swinton,  Warsash 
House,  Hants.     Solicitor  to  Court  of  Exchequer. 

HEPBURN,  JOHN  STEWART,  of  Colquhalzie.  8th  December  1808. 

Apprentice  to  John  Campbell  of  Annfield. — Son  of  Thomas  Hepburn  of 
Colquhalzie,  Perthshire.  Bom  July  1783.  Died  20th  September  1872.  Mar. 
19th  September  1815,  Helen,  second  daughter  of  Adam  Stewart  of  Clunie. 

HEPBURN,  ROBERT,  of  Stonislate  and  Baads.  Uth  May  1705. 

Apprentice  to  John  Macfarlane. — Died  27th  October  1738.  Mar.' I3th  August 
1707,  Katherine,  daughter  of  Sir  David  Home,  Lord  Crossrig. 

HERIOT,  JAMES,  of  Ramornie.  4th  October  1798. 

Apprentice  to  Andrew  Stuart. — Second  son  of  Captain  the  Hon.  Frederick 
Maitland  of  Rankeillor,  Fifeshire.  5(wn  11th  September  1774.  Died  2&th.  April 
1848.  Mar.  31st  December  1813,  Margaret,  the  second  daughter  of  William 
Dalgleish  of  Scotscraig,  Fifeshire. 

HERON,  JAMES,  of  Dalmorf^  19th  November  1835. 

i^<  Apprentice  to  Tod  and  Hill. — Son  of  James  Heron,  Merchant  in  Ajrr.     Boi-n  2d 

March  1811.     Died  November  1849,  unmarried.  ,; 


LIST   OF   MEMBEES  ...^^  99 

HERRIES,  WILLIAM  YOUNG,  of  Spottes.  18th  November  1817. 

Apprentice  to,  and  only  son  of,  Alexander  Young,  of  Harburn,  W.S. — Born  3d 
July  1794.  Died  12th  February  1872.  Mar.  3d  September  1822,  Hon.  Amelia 
Saumarez,  youngest  daughter  of  James,  first  Lord  De  Saumarez.  Assumed  name 
of  Herries,  1823. 

HEWAT,  PETER.  21st  December  1809. 

Apprentice  to  Michael  Linning. — Son  of  Peter  Hewat,  Baxter  in  Edinburgh. 
Born  1782.  Died  4th  December  1832.  Mar.  12th  March  1819,  Isabella,  eldest 
daughter  of  Andrew  Taylor  of  Westbams. 

HEWAT,  PETER 

Commissioner,  15th  December  1594.     Signs  the  Acts  26th  December  1627. 

HIGGINS,  JAMES  ALEXANDER,  of  Newck.  10th  March  1789. 

Apprentice  to  James  Ferrier. — Only  son  of  John  Higgins  of  Newck,  Stirlingshire. 
B&m  17th  September  1765.    Died  26th  September  1822. 

HILL,  ANDREW.  29th  November  1821. 

Apprentice  to  Francis  Brodie  and  George  Imlach. — Third  son  of  Dr.  Andrew 
Hill,  Physician  in  Greenock.     Born  1797.     Died  19th  March  1874,  unmarried. 

HILL,  HENRY  DAVID.  5th  March  1818. 

Apprentice  to  Walter  Cook. — Fourth  son  of  George  Hill,  Principal  of  St.  Mary's 
College,  St.  Andrews.     Died  25th  July  1858,  aged  67,  unmarried. 

HILL,  JAMES.  4th  July  1822. 

Apprentice  to,  and  eldest  son  of,  Robert  Hill,  W.S. — Bwn  1800.  Died  Feb- 
ruary 1841. 

HILL,  JOHN  BOSWELL.  21st  July  1879. 

Apprentice  to,  and  son  of,  James  Lawson  Hill,  W.S. — Born  11th  December  1855. 

HILL,  JAMES  LAWSON.  5th  March  1835. 

Apprentice  to  Walter  Cook. — Son  of  Charles  Hill  of  Luthrie,  Fifeshire.  Bm-n 
27th  April  1812.  Died  26th  February  1883.  Mar.  (1)  19th  November  1838, 
Margaret,  youngest  daughter  of  James  Dunlop,  Glasgow ;  and  (2)  26th  April 
1853,  Sibella,  daughter  of  John  James  Boswell,  Surgeon,  H.E.I.C.S.  Commissary 
Clerk  of  Mid-Lothian,  1860-83. 

HILL,  LAWRENCE,  of  Baklanekk.  12th  July  1779. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  John  Bell;  and  (2)  Alexander  Menzies.— Son  of  James  Hill, 

Writer  in  Glasgow.     Died  11th  December  1792. 
HILL,  NINIAN.  30th  June  1801. 

Apprentice  to  Robert  Hill.— Son  of  James  Hill,  Writer  in  Glasgow.     Died  27th 

March    1814.     Mar.   13th    December    1801,  Isabella,  daughter  of  John   Lang, 

Writer,  Glasgow. 


100  THE   SOCIETY   OF  WRITERS   TO   THE   SIGNET 

HILL,  ROBERT.  12th  March  1795. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  Lawrence  Hill;  and  (2)  Harry  Davidson. — Son  of  James  Hill, 
Writer  in  Glasgow.  Born  1771.  Died  184:2.  ifan  4th  August  1794,  Barbara, 
daughter  of  Mr.  Geddes,  Merchant,  Cupar. 

HILL,  ROBERT,  of  Rosebank.  19th  June  1812. 

Apprentice  to  John  Anderson. — Son  of  Robert  Hill,  Kilmarnock.  Died  11th 
August  1813.    Mar.  Jane  Caldwell. 

HILL,  ROBERT.  17th  March  1859. 

Apprentice  to  Walter  and  John  Cook. — Third  son  of  Rev.  Alexander  Hill,  D.D., 
Professor  of  Divinity  in  the  University  of  Glasgow.  Bom  14th  April  1831. 
Mar.  26th  March  1861,  Mary,  daughter  of  Thomas  Croil,  Merchant,  Barbadoes. 

HOGARTH,  ANDREW.  23d  June  1829. 

Apprentice  to  George  Hogarth. — Son  of  David  Hogarth  of  Hilton,  Berwickshire. 
Bom  1806.  Died  22d  March  1884.  Mar.  25th  March  1834,  Dorothy,  daughter 
of  Patrick  Dickson  of  Whitecross,  Berwickshire. 

HOGARTH,  GEORGE.  22d  June  1810. 

Apprentice  to  J.  A.  Higgins. — Eldest  son  of  Robert  Hogarth,  Farmer  in  Carfrac, 
Berwickshire.  Died  12th  February  1870,  aged  85.  Mar.  Ist  June  1814, 
Georgina,  daughter  of  George  Thomas,  Principal  Clerk  to  the  Hon.  Board 
of  Trustees.  Author  of  Musical  History,  Biography,  and  Criticism,  1835,  and  other 
works.     Father-in-law  of  Charles  Dickens,  novelist. 

HOGE,  WILLIAM.  24th  December  1673. 

Apprentice  to  John  Wilkie. — Died  before  1688.  Mar.  April  1676,  Isobel, 
daughter  of  Mr.  John  Sinclair,  Minister  of  Ormiston. 

HOGG,  ANDREW.  28th  July  1690. 

Apprentice  to  William  Hoge. — Died  October  1691.     Mar.  Jean  Sinclair. 

HOGGAN,  EDWARD.  5th  July  1821. 

Apprentice  to  Francis  Napier. — Son  of  George  Hoggan  of  Waterside,  Dumfries- 
shire.    Z)ie(i  20th  February  1867.     Jfar.  1834,  Elizabeth  Craigie. 

HOGUE,  THOMAS  JOHN.  11th  July  1839. 

Apprentice  to  Alexander  Hunter. — Second  son  of  Arthur  Hogue,  residing  at 
Barron  House,  Somersetshire.  Bom  23d  November  1815.  Died  at  Chittagong 
27th  July  1844,  unmarried. 

HOME,  ALEXANDER.  27th  November  1673. 

Apprentice  to  William  Chieslie. — Son  of  John  Home  of  Manderstoune,  Berwick- 
shire. Died  15th  May  1702,  aged  56.  Mar.  (1)  1st  June  1676,  Anna  Home; 
and  (2)  Euphan,  daughter  of  Thomas  Young  of  Leny,  Mid-Lothian,  W.S. 
Commissary  of  Lauder,  1690-1702. 


LIST   OF   MEMBERS  101 

HOME,  GEOEGE,  of  Wkdderburn  and  Paxton.  8th  July  1763. 

Apprentice  to  James  Purves. — Second  son  of  Alexander  Home  of  Sardenfield, 
Berwickshire.  Died  10th  February  1820.  Principal  Clerk  of  Session,  26th  July 
1781  to  11th  November  1808.  .- 

HOME,  HENRY.  29th  July  1762. 

Apprentice  to  John  Davidson. — Eldest  son  of  Alexander  Home,  Writer  in  Duns. 
Barn  1732.  Died  May  1803.  Mar.  February  1767,  Elizabeth,  daughter  of  the 
Rev.  Andrew  Boyd,  Minister  of  Twynholm. 

HOME,  JAMES,  of  Gamelsheills.  2d  March  1686. 

Apprentice  to  Andrew  Young. — Son  of  George  Home  of  Gamelsheills.  Died  1719. 
Mar.  19th  February  1696,  Agnes,  only  daughter  of  Andrew  Arrett  of  Dunbam. 

HOME,  SIR  JAMES,  of  Blackadder,  Bart.  20th  June  1726. 

Apprentice  to  Robert  Hepburn. — Second  son  of  Sir  John  Home  of  Blackadder, 
Bart.  Died  28th  March  1755.  Alar.  Catherine,  daughter  of  George  Livingstone, 
Depute-Clerk  of  Session.    Commissary  of  Lauder,  15th  December  1739. 

HOME,  JAMES.  25th  November  1765. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  Robert  Hepburn;  and  (2)  Thomas  Baillie. — Eldest  son  of 
Alexander  Home,  Collector  of  Excise,  Stirling.  Died  9th  October  1768.  Mar. 
1754,  Mary,  daughter  of  William  Mitchelson,  Builder  in  Edinburgh.  Depute- 
Clerk  of  Session,  May  1768. 

HOME,  JAMES,  of  Linhouse.  19th  March  1782. 

Apprentice  to  Samuel  Mitchelson. — Only  son  of  James  Home,  W.S.  Boi-n  17th 
December  1755.  Died  2d  January  1819.  Mar.  20th  August  1802,  Catherine, 
eldest  daughter  of  William  Mitchell,  Edinburgh.    Lyon-Depute,  8th  August  1796. 

HOME,  JOHN.  20th  February  1812. 

Apprentice  to  John  Davidson. — Eldest  son  of  George  Home,  Town-Clerk  of  Leith. 
Born  1758.  Died  13th  October  1831.  Mar.  (1)  Janet  Halliday;  and  (2)  Jean 
Morrison.     Substitute-Keeper  of  the  Signet,  1785-1831. 

HOME,  JOHN.  12th  January  1866. 

Apprentice  to  John  and  Henry  Gordon  Gibson.— -Son  of  William  Home,  W.S. 
Born  20th  May  1838.     Died  10th  April  1890,  unmarried. 

HOME,  PATRICK,  of  Bastlerig.  13th  July  1695. 

Apprentice  to  Robert  Carstairs. — Died  August  1717.  Mar.  Helen  Home. 
Treasurer,  1703-10. 

HOME,  WILLIAM.  19th  June  1823. 

Apprentice  to,  and  son  of,  John  Home,  W.S. — Died  6th  May  1846,  aged  50. 
Mar.  8th  April  1829,  Charlotte  Helen,  daughter  of  John  Bume  of  Kingston. 


Idd  THE  SOCIETY   OF   WKITEKS   TO   THE   SIGNET 

HOPE,  DAVID.  12th  December  1707. 

Apprentice  to  Thomas  Pringle. — Fourth  son  of  Sir  Archibald  Hope,  one  of  the 
Senators  of  the  College  of  Justice.     Died  December  1736,  unmairied. 

HOPE,  HUGH.  8th  February  1838. 

Apprentice  to  Walker,  Richardson,  and  Melville. — Fourth  son  of  Sir  John  Hope 
of  Pinkie,  Bart.  Bom  3d  June  1813.  Died  15th  August  1876.  Mar.  1st  August 
1848,  Catherine,  daughter  of  Archibald  Spens  of  Manor. 

HOPE,  JAMES.  1st  March  1799. 

Apprentice  to  James  Walker. — Third  son  of  Dr.  John  Hope,  Physician  in  Edin- 
burgh. Bm-n  7th  September  1769.  Died  14th  November  1842.  Mar.  16th  July 
1805,  Jane,  daughter  of  James  Walker  of  Dairy,  Edmburgh. 

HOPE,  JAMES.  4th  July  1828. 

Apprentice  to  James  Hope. — Third  son  of  the  Eight  Hon.  Charles  Hope  of  Gran- 
ton,  Lord  President  of  the  Court  of  Session.  Bm-n  28th  May  1803.  Died  14th 
February  1882.  Mar.  2d  December  1828,  Elizabeth,  daughter  of  David  Boyle  of 
Shewalton,  Lord  President  of  the  Court  of  Session.  Joint  Deputy-Keeper  of  the 
Signet,  1828-50;  sole  Keeper,  1850-82. 

HOPE,  JAMES,  OF  Belmont.  10th  December  1840. 

Apprentice  to,  and  second  son  of,  James  Hope,  W.S. — Born  1st  July  1818.  Mar. 
16th  April  1850,  Hon.  Gertrude  Elphinstone,  daughter  of  Lieutenant-Colonel 
James  Drummond  BuUer  Elphinstone,  and  sister  of  William,  fifteenth  Baron 
Elphinstone. 

HOPE,  JAMES  ARTHUR,  LL.B.  28th  October  1889. 

Apprentice  to  John  Kirk. — Son  of  David  Boyle  Hope,  Advocate,  Sheriff  of 

Dumfries  and  Galloway.     Bom  21st  January  1865. 
HOPE,  JAMES  EDWARD.  31st  October  1879. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  James  Hope ;  and  (2)  A.  Howe,  J.  S.  Tytler,  and  W.  Macgillivray. 

— Eldest  son  of  James  Hope  of  Belmont,  W.S.   Born  6th  November  1852.  Mar.  1st 

June  1880,  Sophia,  fifth  daughter  of  Sir  William  Edmonstone  of  Duntreath,  Bart. 
HOPE,  JOHN.  12th  November  1829. 

Apprentice  to,  and  eldest  son  of,  James  Hope,  W.S. — Born  12th  May  1807. 

HOPKIRK,  JOHN  GLASSFORD.  15th  November  1811. 

Apprentice  to  Sir  James  Gibson-Craig. — Second  son  of  James  Hopkirk  of  Dal- 
beth,  Lanarkshire.  Barn  1789.  Died  2d  August  1859.  Mar.  12th  September 
1815,  Jessie,  second  daughter  of  John  Hamilton  of  Poltnont  Bank,  Stirlingshire. 

HORNE,  DONALD,  of  Langwell.  6th  July  1813. 

Apprentice  to  James  Home,  his  uncle. — Second  son  of  John  Home  of  Stirkoke, 
Caithness.  Died  23d  June  1870,  aged  83.  Mar.  Ist  June  1821,  Jane,  daughter 
of  Thomas  Elliot  Ogilvie  of  Chesters,  Roxburghshire. 


LIST   OF   MEMBERS  103 

HORNE,  JAMES,  of  Langwell.  16th  November  1781. 

Apprentice  to  James  Marshall. — Son  of  William  Home,  tacksman  of  Scouthill, 
Watten,  Caithness.     Died  29th  September  1831,  aged  79. 

HORNE,  THOMAS.  3d  May  1881. 

Apprentice  to,  and  eldest  son  of,  Thomas  Elliot  Ogilvie  Home,  W.S. — Barn  25th 
June  1854.  Mar.  6th  August  1885,  Horatia  Georgiana  Ramsay,  second  daughter 
of  Major  James  Wardlaw,  Belmaduthy,  and  widow  of  William  G.  C.  Asher. 

HORNE,  THOMAS  ELLIOT  OGILVIE.  24th  June  1852. 

Apprentice  to,  and  son  of,  Donald  Home,  W.S. — Bom  1st  January  1829.  Died 
26th  June  1884.     Mar.  Priscilla  Moore.  I    J  Ji 

HORSBRUGH,  CHARLES  EDWARD.  15th  July  1890. 

Apprentice  to  D.  Beith,  R.  D.  Beith,  A.  Forrester,  and  P.  Murray. — Son  of 
William  Horsbrugh,  Cupar-Fife.     Bvrn  16th  July  1865. 

HORSBURGH,  WALTER  27th  Febraary  1818. 

Apprentice  to  John  Tweedie. — Son  of  Thomas  Horsburgh,  tenant  in  Yair,  Sel- 
kirkshire. Bom  1792.  Died  22d  June  1858.  Mar.  21st  September  1830,  Eliza- 
beth, daughter  of  the  Rev.  Andrew  Murray,  D.D.,  Minister  of  Auchterderran. 

HOSSACK,  CAMPBELL.  13th  January  1890. 

Apprentice  to  Alexander  Paterson  Purves. — Youngest  son  of  Robert  Campbell 
Hossack,  Bonnington  Grove.    Born  26th  August  1865. 

HOTCHKIS,  JAMES.  23d  June  1820. 

Apprentice  to  Richard  Hotchkis  and  James  Tytler. — Only  son  of  Richard 
Hotchkis,  W.S.  Bcn-n  16th  August  1795.  Died  24th  March  1865.  Mar.  20th 
July  1824,  Margaret,  youngest  daughter  of  Major  Thomas  Hart  of  Castlemilk, 
Dumfriesshire. 

HOTCHKIS,  JAMES  NAPIER.  12th  July  1887. 

Apprentice  to  George  Dunlop. — Eldest  son  of  Major  Richard  James  Hotchkis, 
and  grandson  of  James  Hotchkis,  W.S.     Born  16th  July  1863. 

HOTCHKIS,  RICHARD,  of  Templehall.  1st  August  1788. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  John  Bell;  and  (2)  James  and  William  Tytler. — Son  of  James 
Hotchkis  of  Hoxwood,  Shropshire,  Brewer  in  Edinburgh.  Born  5th  May  1759. 
Died  23d  February  1824.  Mar.  1st  July  1791,  Isobel,  daughter  of  Richard 
Gardner,  Comptroller-General  of  Customs.     Treasurer,  1792-1824. 

HOUSTOUN,  ARCHIBALD.  29th  December  1699. 

Apprentice  to  Robert  Carstairs. — Killed  in  a  brawl  by  Gilbert  Kennedy,  younger 
of  Auchtyfardle,  March  1706.  Mar.  27th  January  1702,  Esther,  daughter  of 
Robert  Carstairs,  W.S. 


104  THE  SOCIETY  OF  WEITERS   TO   THE   SIGNET 

HOWATSON,  WILLIAM,  of  Hazelbrae.  16th  June  1818. 

Apprentice  to  Alexander  Goldie. — Eldest  son  of  William  Howatson  of  Hazelbrae. 
Born  1793.     Died  7th  May  1821. 

HOWDEN,  ANDREW.  19th  June  1818. 

Apprentice  to  John  Mowbray. — Son  of  James  Howden,  Watchmaker  in  Edin- 
burgh. Died  27th  March  1861,  aged  66.  Mar.  16th  July  1827,  Laura,  daughter 
of  Robert  Richard  Maitland,  Edinburgh. 

HOWDEN,  ANDREW  CASSELS.  26th  May  1825. 

Apprentice  to  John  Renton  and  Joseph  Grant. — Son  of  Alexander  Howden, 
Merchant  in  Leith.  Born  1801.  Died  19th  March  1875.  Mar.  (1)  3d  Septem- 
ber 1827,  Catherine  Sinclair,  only  child  of  Adam  Robinson  of  Pearmontj  and 
(2)  Miss  Fulton. 

HOWDEN,  ROBERT.  9th  July  1821. 

Apprentice  to  William  Dallas. — Eldest  son  of  Francis  Howden,  Goldsmith  in 
Edinburgh.  Born  1797.  Died  20th  June  1858.  Mar.  27th  November  1852, 
Eliza  Sophia,  daughter  of  H.  C.  Burnet,  York,  and  widow  of  W.  H.  S.  James, 
Calcutta. 

HOWE,  ALEXANDER  8th  November  1849. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  John  Mackenzie  Lindsay ;  and  (2)  Thomas  George  Mackay. — 
Son  of  Charles  Howe,  residing  in  Forfar.     Born  26th  April  1820. 

HUGHES,  GEORGE.  15th  November  1832. 

Apprentice  to  George  TumbuU. — Born  17th  August  1808.  Died  6th  November 
1873.  Mar.  7th  August  1838,  Helen  Magniac,  youngest  daughter  of  David 
Erskine,  of  Elambazar,  Bengal. 

HUME,  JOHN.  12th  August  1783. 

Apprentice  to  David  Anderson. — Third  son  of  John  Hume  of  Nine  wells,  Berwick- 
shire.    Died  10th  October  1806. 

HUME,  MATHEW  NORMAN  MACDONALD,  of  Bernisdale. 

17th  November  1816. 
Apprentice  to  Michael  Linning. — Son  of  Norman  Macdonald  of  Scalpay,  Inver- 
ness-shire. Born  1793.  Died  7th  July  1878.  Mar.  (1)  5th  March  1818, 
Catherine  Finnan;  (2)  26th  July  1831,  Grace,  daughter  of  Sir  John  Hay  of 
Smithfield  and  Haystoun,  Bart. ;  and  (3)  25th  April  1843,  Agnes  Hume  of  Nine- 
wells,  second  daughter  of  the  Hon.  David  Hume,  Baron  of  Exchequer. 

HUNT,  JAMES,  of  Navity.  Slst  May  1860. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  John  Cosens  ;  and  (2)  James  Charles  Murray. — Son  of  William 
Hunt,  W.S.     Born  9th  February  1828.     Died  13th  October  1879,  unmarried. 


LIST  OF  MEMBERS  105 

HUNT,  WILLIAM,  of  Navity.  25th  June  1819. 

Apprentice  to  James  Mackenzie  and  William  Innes. — Eldest  son  of  Charles  Hunt, 
Dunfermline.  Died  9th  October  1854,  aged  59.  Mar.  17th  April  1826,  Mary, 
only  daughter  of  James  Normand  of  Baltilly,  Fifeshire. 

HUNTEE,  ALEXANDER.  22d  November  1813. 

Apprentice  to,  and  fourth  son  of,  John  Hunter  of  Doonholm,  Ayrshire,  W.S. 
—Bm-n  9th  January  1790.  Died  28th  September  1858.  Mar.  26th  April  1819, 
Maria,  third  daughter  of  Alexander  Maclean  of  Coll,  Argyllshire.  Sheriflf-Clerk 
of  Ayrshire,  1827-58. 

HUNTER,  ALEXANDER  GIBSON,  of  Blackness.  7th  June  1797. 

Apprentice  to  John  Anderson. — Eldest  son  of  David  Hunter  of  Blackness, 
Linlithgowshire.  Bm-v,  1771.  Died  9th  March  1812.  Mar.  29th  August  1800, 
Ann,  daughter  of  Alexander  Gibson  Wright  of  Cliftonhall,  Mid-Lothian. 

HUNTER,  EVAN  ALLAN.  15th  June  1848. 

Apprentice  to  John  M.  Lindsay. — Son  of  Alexander  Hunter,  W.S.  Born  19th 
June  1825.  Died  16th  April  1890.  Mar.  15th  June  1871,  Ernestine  Eglinton, 
daughter  of  John  Stuart  Hay  Newton  of  Newton.  Sheriff-Clerk  of  Ayrshire, 
1858-90. 

HUNTER,  FRANK.  28th  October  1881. 

Apprentice  to  Evan  AUan  Hunter,  his  uncle. — Son  of  Alexander  Maclean  Hunter, 
residing  at  Balla-Balla,  Cranboume,  Australia.  Born  26th  July  1858.  Mar.  31st 
March  1886,  Elizabeth  Agnes,  daughter  of  Rev.  John  Mein-Austin  of  St.  Mungo. 

HUNTER,  JOHN,  of  Doonholm.  26th  June  1769. 

Apprentice  to  John  Bell. — Second  son  of  Andrew  Hunter  of  Abbotshill,  Ayrshire, 
Writer  in  Edinburgh.  Born  21st  April  1746.  Died  24th  April  1823.  Mar. 
1773,  Jane,  second  daughter  of  William  Fergusson  of  Doonholm  and  Bonnytoun. 

HUNTER,  JOHN.  22d  November  1821. 

Apprentice  to  William  Mackenzie  and  Alexander  Monypenny. — Son  of  David 
Hunter,  Brewer  in  Aberdeen.     DiM  21st  January  1848.     Mar. 

HUNTER,  JOHN.  6th  July  1826. 

Apprentice  to  Walter  Cook. — Eldest  son  of  Dr.  James  Hunter,  Professor  of  Logic 
in  University  of  St.  Andrews,  ^wre  1801.  Di«d  3d  December  1869.  J/wr.  18th 
September  1829,  Helen,  daughter  of  Richard  Vary  of  Crossford,  Lanarkshire. 
Auditor  of  Court  of  Session,  1849-66. 

HUNTER,  RICHARD.  15th  November  1838. 

Apprentice  to  Mackenzie  and  Sharpe. — Son  of  Richard  Hunter,  of  the  Hon.  East 
India  Company's  Service.     Bom  20th  June  1817.     Died  July  1844,  unmarried. 

o 


106  THE   SOCIETY   OF  WEITEES  TO   THE   SIGNET 

HUNTER,  THOMAS.  11th  November  1647. 

Apprentice  to  James  Farquharson. — Son  of  Thomas  Hunter,  Bailie  in  Carsland, 
ft  Ayrshire. 

HUNTER,  WILLIAM.  30th  December  1647. 

Resigned  his  Commission,  15th  October  1663,  on  account  of  his  age. 

HUNTER,  WILLIAM  CONSTABLE.  19th  March  1888. 

Apprentice  to  David  S.  Dickson  and  David  Shaw. — Son  of  Patrick  Hunter  of 
Watery  butts,  Perthshire.    Bom  14th  March  1865. 

HUNTER,  WILLIAM  VARY.  17th  March  1864. 

Apprentice  to  Charles  Morton. — Son  of  John  Hunter,  W.S.,  Auditor  of  Court  of 
Session.     Boxn  30th  September  1839.     Died  18th  January  1872,  unmarried. 

HUTCHESON,  JAMES.  1st  August  1707. 

Apprentice  to  Adam  Fullerton. — Died  1726.     Mar.  Margaret  Scougall. 

HUTCHESON,  JAMES.  27th  June  1878. 

Apprentice  to  George  Dalziel. — Bmn  10th  August  1846. 

HUTCHINSON,  ALEXANDER.  4th  February  1830. 

Apprentice  to  James  Amott. — Son  of  Captain  John  Hutchinson,  Commander  of 
the  Irish  Revenue  cutter  Nepean.  Died  14th  November  1869,  aged  71.  Mar. 
(1)  1834,  Jane  Charlotte  Gordon ;  and  (2)  19th  June  1851,  Elizabeth,  daughter 
of  the  Rev.  James  Watt,  of  the  Grammar  School,  Aberdeen. 

HYNDMAN,  JOHN  BLAIR,  of  Springside.  12th  December  1816. 

Apprentice  to  Coll  Macdonald. — Son  of  Robert  Hyndman  of  Springside,  Ayr- 
shire.    Died  20th  January  1843,  aged  50,  unmarried. 

HYSLOP,  WILLIAM  AIRD.  20th  October  1884. 

Apprentice  to  Charles  Baxter. — Son  of  James  Macadam  Hyslop,  M.D.,  residing 
in  Edinburgh.     Born  24th  December  1859. 

IMLACH,  GEORGE.  7th  March  1788. 

Apprentice  to  John  Tait. — Eldest  son  of  the  Rev.  Alexander  Imlach,  Minister  at 
Muirhouse.     Died  1812.     Mar.  Mary  Cunningham. 

IMLACH,  GEORGE.  22d  Februaiy  1813. 

Apprentice  to  John  Dickson. — Only  son  of  George  Imlach,  W.S.  Died  3d 
February  1823.  Mar.  14th  June  1813,  Agnes,  daughter  of  Robert  Wight, 
Murrays,  East-Lothian. 

IN6LIS,  ANDREW.  17th  July  1862. 

Apprentice  to,  and  eldest  son  of,  Henry  IngUs  of  Torsonce,  Mid-Lothian,  W.S. 
— Bom  4th  January  1833.  Mar.  28th  July  1862,  Eliza  Louisa,  eldest  daughter 
of  Major-General  Frederick  Hope. 

INGLIS,  GEORGE.  3d  July  1632. 

Apprentice  to  George  Lermonth.        .■..■■■, 


LIST  or  MEMBERS  ''  107 

INGLIS,  HAERY  HERBERT.  16th  July  187S. 

Apprentice  to  Frederick  Pitman. — Younger  son  of  the  Right  Hon.  John  IngUs  of 
Glencorse,  Mid-Lothian,  Lord  Justice-General.     Born  21st  July  1848. 

INGLIS,  HARRY  MAXWELL,  of  Loganbank.  1st  July  1828/' 

Apprentice  to  Archibald  Gibson. — Eldest  son  of  the  Rev.  John  Inglis,  D.D.,  one 
of  the  Ministers  of  Edinburgh,  and  brother  of  Right  Hon.  John  Inglis,  Lord 
Justice-General.  Born  1800.  Died  7th  May  1883,  unmarried.  Principal  Clerk 
of  Session,  3d  June  1858  to  1880. 

INGLIS,  HENRY,  of  Toksonce.  13th  November  1828. 

Apprentice  to,  and  son  of,  William  Inglis,  W.S. — Born  6th  November  1806. 
Died  3d  April  1885.  Mar.  (1)  2d  April  1832,  Mary  Ann,  daughter  of  Andrew- 
Stein  of  Wester  Greenyards;  and  (2)  27th  January  1880,  Ann  Kinnear.  Author 
of  llie  Briar  of  Threave,  and  tJie  Lily  of  Barholm,  1855,  and  other  poems.  Struck 
off  List  of  Society  on  14th  AprU  1879. 

INGLIS,  JOHN,  of  Auohindinnie.  7th  August  1691. 

Apprentice  to  Archibald  Nisbet. — Son  of  John  Inglis  of  Langbyres,  Lanarkshire. 
Died  31st  January  1731.     Mar.  (1)  Helen  Hay ;  and  (2)  Catherine  Nisbet. 

INGLIS,  JOHN,  of  Aberholdoun.  9th  December  1717. 

Apprentice  to  John  Inglis. — Died  24th  November  1726. 

INGLIS,  WILLIAM.  25th  June  1632. 

Apprentice  to  John  Gilmour. — Died  1647.    Mar.  Susan  Pringle. 

INGLIS,  WILLIAM.  26th  June  1789. 

Apprentice  to  Andrew  Stuart. — Second  son  of  Laurence  Inglis,  Merchant  in 
Edinburgh.  Died  20th  June  1830.  Mar.  16th  March  1797,  daughter  of  James 
Stein  of  Kilbagie,  Clackmannanshire. 

INNES,  ALEXANDER.  5th  December  1699. 

Apprentice  to  Robert  Innes,  his  brother. — Son  of  Alexander  Innes  of  Blairtoun, 
Aberdeenshire.     Struck  off  Roll,  not  having  paid  his  fees. 

INNES,  ALEXANDER.  6th  August  1768. 

Apprentice  to  John  Davidson. — Eldest  son  of  Alexander  Innes  of  Cathlaw, 
Linlithgowshire.  Died  1782.  Mar.  14th  Januaiy  1775,  Janet,  youngest  daughter 
of  Thomas  Shairp  of  Houston,  Linlithgowshire. 

INNES,  CHARLES.  25th  November  1780. 

Apprentice  to  David  Anderson. — Son  of  Alexander  Innes,  Advocate  in  Aberdeen. 
Z'iei  27th  September  1818. 

INNES,  EDWIN  SANDYS  MITCHELL.  16th  November  1871. 

Apprentice  to  John  M.  Lindsay  and  Alexander  Howe. — Son  of  George  Mitchell 
Innes  of  Bangour,  Linlithgowshire.     £orn.  4th  July  1846. 


im  THE  SOCIETY   OF  WKITERS   TO   THE   SIGNET 

INNES,  JAMES.  28th  February  1811. 

Apprentice  to  James  Fraser,  Francis  Brodie,  and  David  Wemyss. — Son  of  John 
Innes,  W.S.,  residing  in  Durris.     Died  1842,  aged  57. 

INNES,  JOHN,  OF  Leuchars.  22d  November  177S. 

Apprentice  to  Charles  Gordon. — Son  of  Robert  Innes,  Merchant  in  Elgin.  Boi-n 
13th  October  1747.  Died  10th  May  1827.  Mar.  2d  September  1780,  Euphemia, 
daughter  of  James  Bussel  of  Earlsmill.  Sheriff-Substitute  of  Kincardineshire, 
1808-27.     Father  of  Cosmo  Innes,  the  Antiquary. 

INNES,  JOHN,  OF  CowiE.  16th  January  1800. 

Apprentice  to  George  Robinson. — Eldest  son  of  Alexander  Innes  of  Breda, 
Commissary  of  Aberdeen.  Bam  1776.  Died  17th  April  1832.  Mar.  (1)  25th 
July  1800,  Une  Cameron,  eldest  daughter  of  Robert  Barclay  of  Urie,  Kincardine- 
shire J  and  (2)  Janet,  eldest  daughter  of  William  Rogers,  Edinburgh. 

INNES,  JOHN  BROWN.  16th  November  1837. 

Apprentice  to,  and  son  of,  William  Innes,  W.S. — Bom  26th  September  1814. 
Died  2d  February  1883.  Mar.  20th  October  1855,  Emily,  daughter  of  Rowland 
Burdon  Cotgrave,  Pinner,  Middlesex. 

INNES,  JOHN  COTGRAVE.  28th  April  1882. 

Apprentice  to  J.  B.  Innes,  John  Logan,  and  C.  B.  Logan. — Only  son  of  John 
Brown  Innes,  W.S.     Born  23d  December  1857. 

INNES,  ROBERT,  of  Blairtoun.  11th  May  1680. 

Apprentice  to  William  Thomson. — Eldest  son  of  Alexander  Innes  of  Blairtoun, 
Aberdeenshire.  Died  January  1699.  Mar.  Sophia  Smith.  Lyon-Depute,  1681. 
M.P.  Anstruther-Easter,  1685-6. 

INNES,  THOMAS,  of  Monellie.  11th  January  1758. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  Andrew  Hay  of  Montblairie ;  and  (2)  Andrew  Burnet. — Second 
son  of  Thomas  Innes  of  Muryfold.  Born  15th  November  1730.  Died  6th 
September  1779.    Mar.  Elizabeth  Innes. 

INNES,  THOMAS.  8th  March  1821. 

Apprentice  to  John  Innes,  Junr. — Third  son  of  John  Innes,  W.S.    Bom  1798. 

Died  17th  December  1844.    Mar.  2d  February  1832,  Mary,  daughter  of  Archibald 

Bogle,  Merchant  in  Glasgow. 
INNES,  WILLIAM.  4th  January  1671. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  Robert  Alexander ;  (2)  William  Chalmer ;  (3)  James  Cheyne. 

— Son  of  William  Innes  of  Tibbertie.  Mar.  February  1690,  Jean,  second  daughter 

of  David  Murray,  of  Clairden. 

INNES,  WILLIAM.  18th  March  1704. 

Apprentice  to  Robert  Innes. — Died  June  1746.  Mar.  Janet,  daughter  of  Sir 
William  Cunningham  of  Caprington,  Bart.,  and  widow  of  George  Primrose  of 
Dunipace. 


LIST  OF  MEMBEKS  109 

INNES,  WILLIAM.  18th  May  1801. 

Apprentice  to  Archibald  Milne. — Eldest  son  of  John  Innes  of  Blackhills,  Elgin- 
shire. Died  8th  August  1841,  aged  66.  Mar.  18th  August  1810,  Mary,  eldest 
daughter  of  George  Brown  of  Linkwood,  Elginshire. 

IRVINE,  JOHN.  25th  Augiist  1698. 

Apprentice  to  William  Thomson. — Son  of  Robert  Irvine  of  Cults,  Aberdeenshire. 

IRVING,  GEORGE,  of  Newton.  8th  February  1720. 

Apprentice  to  Alexander  Home. — Son  of  James  Irving,  Usher  of  the  Privy 

Council.     Died  19th  June  1742.     Mar.  1711,  Sarah,  daughter  of  Thomas  Weir, 

Surgeon  in  Edinburgh.     Clerk  to  the  City  of  Edinburgh. 
IRVING,  GEORGE.  20th  November  1828. 

Apprentice  to,  and  son  of,  John  Irving,  W.S. — Bom  1805.     Died  19th  February 

1841,  unmarried. 

IRVING,  JOHN.  10th  July  1794. 

Apprentice  to  John  Tait. — Second  son  of  George  Irving  of  Newton,  Lanarkshire. 
Bmn  November  1770.  Died  26th  May  1850.  Mar.  2d  July  1804,  Agnes  Clerk, 
eldest  daughter  of  Lieutenant-Colonel  Lewis  Hay,  R.E. 

IRVING,  PATRICK,  of  Inveramsay.  19th  November  1797. 

Apprentice  to  Lachlan  Duff. — Son  of  John  Irving  of  Auchmunzie.  Born  23d 
September  1773.  Died  3d  February  1854.  Mar.  1st  June  1803,  Margaret, 
daughter  of  Patrick  Orr  of  Bridgeton,  Kincardineshire.  Author  of  Considerations 
of  the  Inexpediency)  of  the  Law  of  Entail,  1826,  and  other  legal  works. 

IRVING,  ROBERT.  28th  July  1751. 

Apprentice  to  Thomas  Goldie. — Second  son  of  William  Irving  of  Bonshaw, 
Dumfriesshire.  Died  20th  November  1772.  Mar.  January  1764,  Mary,  daughter 
of  William  Veitch  of  EUiock,  Dumfriesshire,  W.S. 

IVORY,  HOLMES.  19th  April  1876. 

Apprentice  to  Alexander  F.  Adam  and  John  Kirk. — Eldest  son  of  William  Ivory, 
Advocate,  Sheriff  of  Inverness.  Born  21st  March  1851.  Mar.  21st  December 
1877,  Margaret  Dick,  eldest  daughter  of  John  Dick  Peddie,  R.S.A.,  Architect, 
Edinburgh. 

IVORY,  WILLIAM.  23d  November  1827. 

Apprentice  to  Thomas  Mackenzie. — Son  of  Thomas  Ivory,  residing  in  Dundee. 
Died  21st  May  1868,  aged  70.  Mar.  30th  April  1846,  Robina,  daughter  of  Robert 
Cox  of  Gorgie,  Mid-Lothian.  Compiled  a  Catalogue  of  the  Law-Books  in  the 
Library  of  the  Society  of  Writers  to  Her  Majesty's  Signet,  1856. 

JACKSON,  GIDEON.  23d  September  1736. 

Apprentice  to  Alexander  M'Millan. — Son  of  Robert  Jackson  of  Lowherelds. 
Died  11th  August  1773.  Mar.  Mary  Hepburn.  Resigned  his  Commission,  15th 
March  1746.     Clerk  to  the  Tolbooth,  1775. 


no  THE  SOCIETY   OF  .WEITEKS  TO   THE  SIGNET 

JAMESON,  ANDEEW.  17th  November  1836. 

Apprentice  to  William  Bell. — Son  of  John  Jameson,  residing  in  Dublin.  Born 
19th  September  1812.  Died  January  1872.  Mar.  Uth  March  1852,  Margaret 
Cochrane.    SherifF-Clerk  of  Clackmannan,  1841-72. 

JAMESON,  GEOEGE  GEANT.  21st  November  1833.  ' 

Apprentice  to  (1)  David  Eamsay;  and  (2)  John  Donaldson. — Son  of  the  Eev. 
John  Jameson,  D.D.     Born  1st  April  1805.     Died  1835,  unmarried. 

JAMESON,  JAMES  HOTCHKIS.  4th  August  1880. 

Apprentice  to  J.  B.  Innes  and  John  and  C.  B.  Logan. — Son  of  Andrew  Jameson, 
Advocate,  Sheriff  of  Aberdeen  and  Kincardine.  Born  4th  January  1855.  Mar. 
25th  March  1884,  Virginia,  elder  daughter  of  William  Ker,  Manilla. 

JAMESON,  WILLIAM,  of  Eosefield.  13th  December  1793. 

Apprentice  to  Eobert  Boswell. — Only  son  of  William  Jameson,  Mason,  and  Deacon 
Convener  of  the  Trades,  Edinburgh.  Died  26th  June  1825.  Mar.  (1)  November 
1795,  daughter  of  John  Spottiswoode,  Merchant  in  Edinburgh;  and  (2)  Elizabeth 
Jane  Turnbull. 

JAMIESON,  JAMES  AULDJO.  15th  March  1861. 

Apprentice  to  John  Dundas,  William  Wilson,  and  A.  M.  Bell. — Son  of  James 
Jamieson,  Doctor  of  Medicine  in  Aberdeen  and  afterwards  in  Edinburgh.  Bom 
25th  September  1832.  Mar.  17th  November  1863,  Isabella,  only  daughter  of 
James  Powrie  of  Eeswallie,  Forfarshire.    Crown  Agent,  1874-80,  1885,  1886. 

JAMIESON,  EOBEET.  2d  July  1829. 

Apprentice  to  Eobert  Strachan. — Eldest  son  of  Eobert  Jamieson,  W.S.  Died  at 
Melbourne,  Uth  Febraary  1850. 

JAMIESON,  EOBEET,  of  Heriot  Hill.  2d  January  1759. 

Apprentice  to  John  Watson. — Son  of  Eobert  Jamieson,  Merchant  in  Aberdeen. 
Died  31st  October  1808.  Mar.  (1)  Jean  Eichardson ;  and  (2),  June  1770, 
Catherine,  daughter  of  John  Lockhart  of  Cleghorne,  Lanarkshire. 

JAMIESON,  EOBEET.  23d  March  1796. 

Apprentice  to,  and  son  of,  Eobert  Jamieson,  W.S.  Disd  7th  December  1832,  aged 
63.  Mar.  19th  April  1796,  Jane,  daughter  of  Alexander  Christie,  Provost  of 
Montrose. 

JAMIESON,  EOBEET  WILLIAM.  23d  June  1829. 

Apprentice  to  Adam  Gib  Ellis. — Son  of  Thomas  Jamieson,  Soap-boiler  in  Leith. 
Died  10th  December  1868,  aged  63.  Mar.  2d  April  1835,  Christina,  daughter  of 
Major-General  John  Pringle  of  Symington,  Mid-Lothian.  Author  of  Nimrod:  a 
Dramatic  Poem,  1848,  and  other  works.  .      ,  _^    ,    ,    , 


LIST  OF  MEMBEES  111 

JARDINE,  Sir  HENRY,  of  Harwood.  25th  June  1790. 

Apprentice  to  John  Davidson. — Son  of  Eev.  John  Jardine,  D.D.,  one  of  the 
Ministers  of  Edinburgh.  Bm-n  30th  January  1766.  Died  11th  August  1851. 
Mar.  26th  April  1794,  Catherine,  youngest  daughter  of  George  Skene  of  Rubis- 
law,  Aberdeenshire.  Solicitor  of  Taxes,  1793  ;  Depute  King's  Remembrancer  in 
Exchequer,  1802  ;  King's  Remembrancer,  1820-31.  Knighted  20th  April  1825. 
Author  of  a  Report  relative  to  the  Tomb  of  King  Robert  the  Bruce  and  the  Cathedral 
Church  of  Dunfermline. 

JARDINE,  JAMES.  16th  January  1834. 

Apprentice  to,  and  youngest  son  of,  Sir  Henry  Jardine,  W.S.  Born  7th  October 
1810.  Died  15th  November  1839.  Mar.  30th  January  1834,  Ann,  daughter  of 
Colonel  Tomlinson,  and  widow  of  Captain  Windowe. 

JOHNSTON,  ALEXANDER.  13th  November  1817. 

Apprentice  to  John  Pollock. — Eldest  son  of  George  Johnston  of  Hillhouse.  Died 
31st  December  1864,  aged  75.    Mar. 

JOHNSTON,  ALEXANDER.  8th  July  1831. 

Apprentice  to  James  Arnott. — Son  of  William  Johnston,  of  Viewfield,  Merchant 
in  Aberdeen.  Born  4th  June  1809.  Died  14th  June  1880.  Mar.  1st  January 
1836,  Christina  Martha,  second  daughter  of  John  Leith  Ross  of  Arnage,  W.S. 

JOHNSTON,  GEORGE.  1st  August  1786. 

Apprentice  to  Walter  Scott. — Second  son  of  Thomas  Johnston  of  Templehall, 
Berwickshire.     Died  1801. 

JOHNSTON,  JAMES,  of  Straiton.  5th  July  1661. 

Apprentice  to  Robert  Hamilton. — Died  May  1684.  Mar.  25th  November  1664, 
Ann,  third  daughter  of  Quentin  Hamilton  of  Barncluith,  Lanarkshire. 

JOHNSTON,  ROBERT.  6th  March  1828. 

Apprentice  to  Charles  Cunningham  and  Carlyle  Bell. — Son  of  Robert  Johnston, 
Tenant  of  Slateheugh,  West  Calder.   Died  1853,  aged  66.   Mar.  1835,  Elspeth  Duff. 

JOHNSTON,  ROBERT.  13th  November  1828. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  William  Dymock,  and  (2)  John  Dymock. — Only  son  of  John 
Johnston  of  Middlefield,  Leith.  Born  12th  August  1805.  Died  12th  May  1869. 
Mar.  21st  May  1829,  Isabella,  eldest  daughter  of  Joseph  Johnston,  Register  House. 

JOHNSTON,  ROBERT  BRUCE.  17th  January  1861. 

Apprentice  to  Jardine,  Stodart,  and  Eraser. — Son  of  Robert  Johnston,  W.S. 
Born,  29th  April  1835.    Died  4th  February  1888.    Mar.  8th  June  1864,  Agnes 
Cockbum,  daughter  of  James  Nelson   Smith,  Merchant,  London  and    Sydney. 
../KProcurator-Fiscal  of  Edinburgh,  1868-88. 


112  THE   SOCIETY   OF   WKITERS   TO   THE   SIGNET 

JOHNSTON,  ROBERT  FLEMING.  21st  January  1874. 

Apprentice  to  John  Richardson. — Son  of  John  Smith  Johnson,  S.S.C.  Bm-n,  22d 
February  1840.  Mar.  22d  May  1872,  Isabella  Anna  Catherine,  second  daughter 
of  Rev.  Charles  Irving,  Rector  of  Donoughmore. 

JOHNSTON,  ROBERT  HERBERT.  13th  January  1890. 

Apprentice  to  W.S.  Fraser. — Eldest  son  of  Robert  Bruce  Johnston,  W.S.  Bm-n 
1st  May  1865.  Mar.  11th  February  1890,  Edith,  younger  daughter  of  John 
Comrie  Thomson,  Advocate. 

JOHNSTON,  WILLIAM.  4th  March  1805. 

Apprentice  to  John  Dickson. — Only  son  of  George  Johnston,  Supervisor  of  Excise 
for  the  Ayr  District.  Died  1828.  Mar.  29th  December  1806,  Sarah,  daughter  of 
Robert  Riddle  of  Carzield,  Dumfriesshire. 

JOHNSTON,  WILLIAM,  of  Banks.  19th  March  1782. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  Robert  Irving;  and  (2)  John  Syme. — Only  son  of  James 
Johnston  of  Banks.  Died  16th  November  1789.  Mar.  1st  November  1781, 
Nancy,  daughter  of Shortred  of  Colmslie,  Roxburghshire. 

JOHNSTON,  WILLIAM  CAMPBELL.  13th  July  1885. 

Apprentice  to  John  Cowan  and  James  A.  Dalmahoy. — Son  of  Henry  Johnston, 
Surgeon  in  the  Hon.  East  India  Company's  Service.  Born  24th  November  1860. 
Mar.  24th  July  1889,  Alicia  Christina,  daughter  of  Major-General  R.  D,  Mac- 
pherson,  Bengal  Staff  Corps. 

JOHNSTONE,  JOHN. 

Commissioner,  16th  December  1594. 

JOHNSTONE,  WILLIAM.  30th  January  1880. 

Apprentice  to  John  Gibson,  Junr.,  and  Robert  Strathern. — Elder  son  of  Christopher 
Johnstone  of  Croftheads,  Dumfriesshire,  General  Manager  of  the  Caledonian  Rail- 
way Company.  Bom  25th  August  1855.  Mar.  28th  June  1887,  Janet,  eldest 
daughter  of  John  James  Malcolm  Borthwick,  Billholm,  Dumfriesshire. 

JOLLIE,  JAMES.  12th  December  1783. 

Apprentice  to  James  Forrest. — Son  of  Walter  Jollie,  Tailor  in  Edinburgh.  Born 
1775.  Died  30th  August  1846.  Mar.  14th  Sept^ember  1790,  Christian,  daughter 
of  the  Rev.  John  Hart,  Minister  of  Kirkiuner.    Clerk  to  the  Merchant  Company. 

JOLLIE,  WALTER.  5th  March  1818. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  James  Jollie  and  (2)  James  Dundas. — Eldest  son  of  James 
Jollie,  W.S.  Died  12th  May  1859,  aged  68.  Mar.  19th  August  1825,  Hannah 
Lycette,  eldest  daughter  of  Lieutenant-General  Avarne  of  Rugeley,  Staflford. 


LIST  OF  MEMBERS  113 

JONES,  THOMAS  WILLIAM.  .  18th  July  1861.    ' 

Apprentice  to  Charles  Morton. — Son  of  Edmund  Morse  Jones,  Surgeon.  Bom 
5th  July  1834.  Mar.  4th  April  1872,  Elizabeth  Macfarlane,  youngest  daughter 
of  James  Greig  of  Eccles,  W.S.,  and  widow  of  J.  C.  Henderson,  S.S.C. 

JOPP,  JOHN.  31st  May  1827. 

Apprentice  to  John  Russell. — Second  son  of  Andrew  Jopp,  Advocate  in 
Aberdeen.  Bmii  18th  July  1805.  Died  Slst  October  1857.  Mar.  7th  September 
1841,  Margery,  eldest  daughter  of  John  South  of  Drongan,  Ayrshire. 

JUNNER,  JOHN  CLARK.  10th  March  1870. 

Apprentice  to  William  Ferguson. — Sou  of  John  Mackenzie  Junner,  S.S.C.  Bm'n 
22d  March  1846.  Mm:  18th  March  1875,  Margaret  Balfour,  eldest  daughter  of 
A.  B.  Wright,  Edinburgh. 

KAER,  ANDREW,  of  Kippilaw.  2d  October  1696. 

Apprentice  to  James  Hay. — Only  son  of  Lieutenant-Colonel  Andrew  Karr  of 
Kippilaw,  Roxburghshire.  Died  16th  October  1744,  aged  85.  Mar.  Jean 
Stirling. 

KAY,  JAMES. 

Signs  Minute  of  16th  December  1594.     Mar.  Elizabeth  Scott. 

KF.n.T.  OR  KYLE,  ROBERT.  29th  November  1673. 

Apprentice  to  James  Carnegie. — Mar.  Sarah  Cockburn. 

KEITH,  ALEXANDER,  of  Ravelston  and  Dunottar.  15th  July  1763. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  Hew  Cra^vford  ;  and  (2)  John  Mackenzie  of  Delvin. — Eldest 
son  of  Alexander  Keith  of  Ravelston,  Depute-Clerk  of  Session.  Died  26th 
February  1819.  Mar.  24th  April  1811,  Margaret,  youngest  daughter  of 
Laurence  Oliphant  of  Gask,  Perthshire. 

KEITH,  JAMES,  of  Auquhorsk.  7th  March  1664. 

Apprentice  to  James  Cheyne  and  others. 

KEITH,  ROBERT. 

Commissioner,  18th  October  1631. 

KELLIE,  T. 

Signs  Minute  of  17th  January  1606. 

KELLIE,  WILLIAM,  of  Eastbarns. 

Signs  the  Acts,  26th  December  1627.     Died  February  1632.     Was  twice  married. 

KELSO,  WILLIAM,  of  Dankeith.  13th  May  1707. 

Apprentice  to  John  Cuningham  of  Enterldne. — Second  son  of  John  Kelso  of 
Kelsoland,  Ayrshire.  Died  about  1721.  Mar.  April  1697,  Mary,  daughter  of 
John  Dunlop  of  that  Ilk. 

P 


114  THE   SOCIETY   OF   WEITEES   TO  THE  SIGNET 

KENE,  JOHN. 

Commissioner,  16th  December  1594.  Son  of  Thomas  Kene,  Writer  in  Edinburgh. 
Died  about  1597. 

KENE,  RICHAED.  21st  February  1599. 

Son  of  John  Kene,  W.S. 

KENNAWAY,  ANDREW  LAURIE.  17th  January  1888. 

Apprentice  to  Charles  Baxter. — Son  of  Robert  Kennaway,  Farmer,  Polton  Mains, 
Mid-Lothian.     B(ym  30th  August  1863. 

KENNEDY,  ALEXANDER.  1st  December  1825. 

Apprentice  to  John  Forman. — Youngest  son  of  the  Rev.  Thomas  Kennedy, 
Minister  of  St.  Madoes.     Died  19th  April  1868,  aged  68,  unmarried. 

KENNEDY,  GEORGE,  of  Romanno.  2d  November  1711. 

Younger  son  of  Robert  Kennedy  of  Auchtifardle,  Lanarkshire.  Died  1743. 
Mar.  (1)  February  1714,  Janet,  daughter  of  Andrew  Pringle  of  Clifton,  Selkirk- 
shire ;  (2)  October  1721,  Anne,  daughter  of  Adam  Cleghom,  Merchant  and  Bailie 
of  Edinburgh  ;  and  (3)  January  1731,  Anne,  daughter  of  George  Stirling,  Surgeon 
in  Edinburgh.  Under-Keeper  of  the  Signet,  1711-13.  Warden  of  the  Mint. 
Fiscal,  1722-23. 

KENNEDY,  HUGH.  24th  January  1822. 

Apprentice  to  Walter  Cook. — Second  son  of  Captain  George  Kennedy,  younger 
of  Romanno,  Peeblesshire.  Born  7th  September  1797.  Died  4th  May  1876, 
unmarried. 

KENNEDY,  JOHN.  29th  June  1661. 

Apprentice  to,  and  son  of,  Quintin  Kennedy,  W.S. — Died  before  1689. 

KENNEDY,  JOHN,  of  Underwood.  8th  December  1808. 

Apprentice  to  James  Dundas. — Third  son  of  John  Kennedy  of  Underwood,  Ayr- 
shire. Born  1785.  Died  3d  March  1862.  Mar.  4th  January  1814,  Margaret 
Buchanan,  youngest  daughter  of  Neil  Snodgrass  of  Cunninghamhead,  Ayrshire. 

KENNEDY,  JOHN,  of  Underwood.  18th  July  1844. 

Apprentice  to  Richard  Campbell. — Son  of  John  Kennedy,  W.S.  Born  22d 
August  1816.  Mar.  6th  August  1851,  Margaret  Elizabeth,  daughter  of  Colin 
Macrae,  of  Inverinate,  Ross-shire,  Merchant,  London. 

KENNEDY,  JOHN.  19th  July  1877. 

Apprentice  to,  and  eldest  son  of,  John  Kennedy,  W.S. — Born  12th  September 
1852.     Mar.  6th  January  1884,  Jessie  Edwards  Reid. 

KENNEDY,  QUINTIN. 

Mentioned  1629.  Grand-nephew  of  James  Kennedy,  Merchant,  burgess  of 
Aberdeen.     Died  before  1660. 


LIST   OF  MEMBEKS  115 

KENNEDY,  ROBERT.  1st  July  1822. 

Apprentice  to  Patrick  Tennent. — Son  of  the  Rev.  Thomas  Kennedy,  Minister  of 
St  Madoes.     Born  1798.    Died  17th  March  1840,  unmarried. 

KENNEDY,  WILLIAM.  28th  June  1827. 

Apprentice  to  Francis  Brodie,  and  George  Imlach. — Third  son  of  William  Kennedy 
of  Kirkland,  Dumfriesshire.  Born  1800.  Died  23d  April  1877.  Mar.  28th 
September  1841,  Sarah,  daughter  of  William  Carrick,  Carlisle. 

KENNWYE,  JAMES.  15th  January  1634. 

Apprentice  to  John  Ker. 

KER,  JOHN. 

Commissioner,  1631.    Died  1633.     Mm.  30th  August  1614,  Janet  Ker. 

KER,  JOHN,  OF  Kerfield.  22d  November  1799. 

Apprentice  to  Alexander  Young. — Second  son  of  William  Ker  of  Kerfield, 
Peeblesshire.     Boiii  1773.     Died  22d  September  1838,  unmarried. 

KER,  ROBERT  DARLING.  18th  January  1886. 

Apprentice  to  William  Smith. — Son  of  Robert  D.  Ker,  residing  at  St.  Leonard's 

House,  Edinburgh.     Born  15th  January  1853.     Mar.  20th  April  1882,  Joanna, 

daughter  of  Daniel  Johnston,  St.  Abbs,  Trinity. 
KERMACK,  GEORGE.  14th  July  1884. 

Apprentice  to  John  Cook. — Youngest  son  of  William  Ramsay  Kermack,  W.S. 

Born  9th  February  1860. 

KERMACK,  JOHN.  10th  July  1810. 

Apprentice  to  Robert  Cathcart. — Son  of  John  Kermack,  Writer  in  Edinburgh. 
Bm-n  9th  September  1781.  Died  3d  April  1860.  Mar.  9th  October  1815,  Jane 
Ogilvie,  daughter  of  the  Rev.  William  Ramsay,  Minister  of  Cortachy. 

KERMACK,  JOHN.  30th  November  1871. 

Apprentice  to,  and  eldest  son  of,  William  Ramsay  Kermack,  W.S. — Bvrn  2d  May 
1847. 

KERMACK,  WILLIAM  RAMSAY.  8th  June  1843. 

Apprentice  to,  and  youngest  son  of,  John  Kermack,  W.S. — Born  3d  September 
1820.  Died  8th  May  1883.  Mar.  3d  June  1846,  Elizabeth,  daughter  of  Henry 
Armstrong,  Edinburgh.     Fiscal,  1872-83. 

KERR,  CHARLES,  op  Abbotrule.  10th  March  1789. 

Apprentice  to  David  Erskine. — Eldest  son  of  Patrick  Kerr,  W.S.  Died  17th 
November  1821. 

KERR,  PATRICK,  of  Abbotrule.  6th  July  1768. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  Francis  Pringle ;  and  (2)  Walter  Scott.— Second  son  of  William 
Kerr  of  Abbotrule,  Roxburghshire.  Died  10th  July  1791.  Mar.  April  1766, 
Jean  Hay.  .r,    ,    ^  ,  ,  _: 


116  THE  SOCIETY  OF  WEITEES  TO  THE  SIGNET 

KERR,  THOMAS.  22d  February  1821. 

Apprentice  to  James  Greig. — Youngest  son  of  the  Rev.  Alexander  Kerr,  Minister 
ofStobo.    J5o?M  1798.     DJe^f  18th  June  1832,  unmarried. 

KERR,  THOMAS,  LLB.  28th  June  1878. 

Apprentice  to  James  Bruce. — Son  of  the  Rev.  Samuel  Kerr,  Minister  of  Yester. 
Bmn  2d  October  1848.  Mar.  29th  July  1875,  Jane,  younger  daughter  of  William 
Mills,  Leehouses,  Haddington. 

KETCHEN,  WILLIAM  THOMAS.  18th  January  1886. 

Apprentice  to  James  Hotchkis  Jameson. — Son  of  William  Robinson  Ketchen, 
Solicitor,  Elie.     Bom  27th  September  1858. 

KETTLE,  ALEXANDER. 

See  Young,  Alexander  Kettle. 

KEYDEN,  WILLIAM,  of  Lynedale.  22d  November  1799. 

Apprentice  to  Alexander  Young. — Son  of  the  Rev.  William  Keyden,  Minister  of 
Penpont.     Died  5th  January  1826. 

KINLOCH,  ROBERT.  28th  July  1882. 

Apprentice  to  George  Robertson  and  John  Hope  Finlay. — Son  of  Alexander  John 
Kinloch  of  Park,  Aberdeenshire.  Born  25th  July  1855.  Mar.  8th  January  1880, 
Mary  Isabella,  only  daughter  of  Henry  Dundas  Murray  of  the  Oehtertyre  family. 

KINNEAR,  GEORGE  THOMAS  BALFOUR,  of  Cross.  29th  November  1855. 

Apprentice  to  Adam  Hay  and  Robert  Pringle. — Eldest  son  of  James  Kinnear, 
W.S.  Bmi,  8th  February  1833.  Mar.  16th  November  1858,  Agnes,  daughter 
of  Harry  Gordon,  Liverpool. 

KINNEAR,  JAMES,  of  Wester  Forret. 

Commissioner,  1st  June  1607.  Died  October  1617.  Mar.  6th  May  1601, 
Margaret  Bickartoun. 

KINNEAR,  JAMES.  1st  December  1634. 

Apprentice  to  Robert  Pringle. — Son  of  James  Kinnear,  W.S.  Died  1st  November 
1665.    Mar.  Elizabeth  Alexander.     Re-admitted  21st  November  1661. 

KINNEAR,  JAMES.  1st  March  1832. 

Apprentice  to  Richard  Mackenzie  and  William  Sharpe. — Seventh  son  of  George 
Kinnear,  Banker  in  Edinburgh.  Born  2d  December  1810.  Died  at  Cadiz,  21st 
June  1849.  Mar.  6th  March  1831,  Mary  Henrietta,  eldest  daughter  of  William 
Balfour  of  Trenaby,  Orkney. 

KINNEAR,  JAMES  BALFOUR-.  14th  July  1884. 

Apprentice  to  A.  Hamilton,  G.  T.  Kinnear  and  R.  Beatson. — Eldest  son  of  George 
Thomas  Balfour-Kinnear,  W.S.  Born  24th  September  1859.  Mar.  26th  January 
1887,  Catherine,  second  daughter  of  John  Eraser  of  Parkburn,  M.D, 


LIST  OF  MEMBEKS  117 

KINNEAR,  THOMAS.  25th  May  1826. 

Apprentice  to  Walter  Dickson. — Son  of  Thomas  Kinnear  of  Kinloch,  Fifeshire. 
Died  at  Toronto,  27th  July  1843,  aged  40,  unmarried. 

KIRK,  COLIN.  5th  May  1715. 

Apprentice  to  Colin  Campbell  of  Carwhin. — Eldest  son  of  Mr.  Robert  Kirk, 
Minister  of  Aberfoyle.  Died  18th  March  1725.  Mar.  20th  June  1715,  Jean, 
second  daughter  of  George  Stirling  of  Herbertshire,  Stirlingshire. 

KIRK,  JOHN.  18th  July  1849. 

Apprentice  to  James  Hope  and  Robert  Oliphant. — Son  of  Douglas  Kirk,  Surgeon, 
R.N.  Born  23d  July  1820.  Died  at  Cape  Town  27th  April  1889.  Mar.  17th 
January  1854,  Frances,  third  daughter  of  William  Berry  of  Tayfield,  Director  of 
Chancery,   1873-89. 

KIRK,  WILLIAM  JOHN.  -  28th  April  1882. 

Apprentice  to  James  Hope. — Son  of  John  Kirk,  W.S.  Bm-n  5th  February  1859. 
Mar.  29th  April  1886,  Helen  Liddell  Niven,  youngest  daughter  of  John  Jeffrey, 
Brewer,  Edinburgh. 

KIRKPATRICK,  JOHN  GEORGE.  15th  July  1886. 

Apprentice  to  J.  0.  Mackenzie,  W.  R.  Kermack,  and  John  Kermack. — Son  oi 
Roger  Kirkpatrick  of  Lagganlees,  Dumfriesshire.     Bm-n  27th  January  1864. 

KIRKWOD,  JAMES.  30th  June  1628. 

Apprentice  to  Robert  Kirkwod. — Died  1646.  Mar.  16th  November  1631,  Jean 
Measone. 

KIRKWOD,  ROBERT. 

Signs  Minute  of  17th  Januarj-  1606.  Died  before  1642.  Mar.  4th  October  1610, 
Sibylla  Gilbert, 

KNOX,  JOHN.  28th  February  1684. 

Apprentice  to  John  Campbell  of  Succoth. — Died  6th  December  1705,  aged  46. 
Mar.  9th  December  1684,  Marjory  Dundas. 

KYNCAID,  JOHN. 

Signs  Minute  of  17th  January  1606.     Died  about  1622. 

LAIDLAW,  JAMES.  16th  November  1784. 

Apprentice  to  Robert  Jameson. — Son  of  Robert  Laidlaw,  Tenant  in  Peile.  Died 
1st  May  1831.  Mar.  llth  August  1801,  Jean,  daughter  of  John  Pitcaim, 
Merchant  and  Provost  of  Dundee. 

LAKE,  RICHARD.  25th  November  1780. 

Apprentice  to  James  Stuart. — Son  of  Richard  Lake,  Merchant  in  Edinburgh. 
Died  December  1798. 


118  THE  SOCIETY  OF  WEITEES   TO   THE  SIGNET 

LAMBTON,  STEPHEN.  11th  July  1833. 

Apprentice  to  William  Renny. — Son  of  Arthur  Lambton,  residing  in  Norwich. 
Bom  25th  February  1809.  Died  1851.  Mar.  4th  December  1833,  Frances 
Elizabeth,  second  daughter  of  Major  George  Brown,  4th  Dragoons. 

LAMBIE,  JAMES.  29th  November  1673. 

Apprentice  to  Robert  Alexander. — Mar.  30th  June  1670,  Janet  Rae. 

LAMONT,  ALEXANDER,  of  Knockdow.  21st  May  1812. 

Apprentice  to  Craufurd  Tait. — Eldest  son  of  James  Lamont  of  Knockdow,  Argyll- 
shire, ^orn  1784.  Z'iet^  21st  August  1861.  ilfar.  3d  April  1827,  Jane,  daughter 
of  Alexander  Chrystie  of  Balchrystie,  Fifeshire. 

LAMONT,  WILLIAM.  1st  July  1819. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  Henry  Jardine;  and  (2)  Richard  Hotchkis. — Son  of  Peter 
Lamont,  Brewer  in  Edinburgh.     Died  1858,  aged  69.     Was  twice  married. 

L'AMY,  JOHN  RAMSAY,  of  Dunkenny.  22d  February  1838. 

Apprentice  to  George  Combe. — Eldest  son  of  James  L'Amy  of  Dunkenny,  Forfar- 
shire, Advocate.  Born  9th  April  1813.  Mar.  (1)  10th  June  1845,  Mary  Riche 
Macleod,  only  daughter  of  WiUiam  Mitchell  Innes  of  Ayton;  and  (2)  10th 
November  1885,  Mrs.  Adeline  Atty  or  Malcolm,  London. 

LANG,  JAMES.  16th  November  1812. 

Apprentice  to  Ninian  Hill. — Son  of  John  L.ang,  Writer  in  Glasgow.  Died  1869. 
Mar.  14th  April  1818,  Eliza,  fourth  daughter  of  John  Dickson  of  Kilbucho, 
Peeblesshire. 

LANG,  WILLIAM.  27th  February  1818. 

Apprentice  to  Robert  Fleming. — Son  of  John  Lang,  Sheriff-Clerk  of  Selkirkshire. 
Born  1791.  Died  12th  January  1837.  Mar.  27th  April  1830,  Isabella,  daughter 
of  the  Rev.  Andrew  Murray,  D.D.,  Minister  of  Auchterderran. 

LAUDER,  DAVID.  7th  April  1694. 

Apprentice  to  George  I)a,l\a,s.— Died  20th  January  1709,  aged  46.  Mar.  18th 
December  1696,  Isabel,  daughter  of  John  Thomson,  Merchant,  Edinburgh. 

LAUDER,  ROBERT. 

Died  before  1630.     Mar.  18th  October  1610,  Margaret  Clapperton. 

LAURIE,  WILLIAM  ALEXANDER,  of  Rossend.  27th  June  1823. 

Apprentice  to  William  Inglis. — Son  of  Alexander  Laurie,  Depute  Gazette  Writer. 
Boi-n  1800.  Di^d  27th  October  1870.  Mar.  (1)  6th  February  1821,  Harriet 
Oakley,  youngest  daughter  of  Robert  Beatson  of  Kilry;  and  (2)  16th  August 
1864,  Isabella  Taylor,  daughter  of  Captain  William  Riddock,  4th  Regiment. 


LIST   OF   MEMBEKS  119 

LAURIE,  WILLIAM  FRANCIS  HUNTER.  20th  February  1834. 

Apprentice  to  Archibald  Watson  Goldie. — Son  of  the  Rev.  Henry  Laurie,  Minister 
of  Lochmaben.  Born  26th  June  1806.  Died  2d  March  1869.  Mar.  23d  December 
1834,  Christina,  daughter  of  the  Rev.  William  Bayne  of  Greenock. 

LAW,  JAMES,  OF  BoGis  or  Bogness.  28th  December  1629.     ■ 

Keeper  of  the  Signet,  26th  December  1627. 

LAW,  JAMES.  17th  February  1825. 

Apprentice  to  Walter  Dickson. — Son  of  James  Law  of  Elvingstone,  Surgeon  in 
Edinburgh.  Died  7th  October  1867,  aged  67.  Mar.  29th  July  1828,  Mary,  eldest 
daughter  of  John  Burnett,  Surgeon  in  Edinburgh. 

LAWSON,  ALEXANDER. 
Mentioned  1606. 

LAWSON,  JAMES.  19th  June  1818. 

Apprentice  to  James  Laidlaw. — Eldest  son  of  Peter  Lawson,  Seedsman  in  Edin- 
burgh. Died  27th  February  1864,  aged  70.  Mar.  April  1826,  Margaret,  youngest 
daughter  of  John  Clark,  Edinburgh. 

LAWSON,  JOHN,  of  Cairnmuik.  21st  May  1805.  '^ 

Apprentice  to  (1)  Hugh  Robertson ;  and  (2)  James  Dundas. — Eldest  son  of  William 
Lawson  of  Cairnmuir,  Peeblesshire.  Born  1780.  Died  9th  June  1834.  Mar.  (1) 
5th  January  1808,  Isabella,  daughter  of  William  Robertson,  Deputy-Keeper  of 
the  Records ;  and  (2)  25th  January  1825,  Janet,  second  daughter  of  James  Brown 
of  Edmondstone,  Lanarkshire.     Representative  of  Lawson  of  Highriggs. 

LAWTIE,  ADAM,  of  Sauchtonhall. 

Commissioner,  1594.     Son  of  David  Lawtie,  Writer,  Edinburgh.    Died  1628.       J 

LAYNG,  JOHN,  of  Spittalls.  ^^    ■ 

Depute-Secretary  and  Keeper  of  the  Signet,  16th  December  1594.  Died  14th 
February  1612.     Mar.  Rebecca  Dennistoun. 

LEARMONTH,  JOHN. 

Commissioner,  18th  October  1631.    Died  November  1649. 

LEGAT,  ROBERT.  16th  July  1858. 

Apprentice  to  Adam  Paterson. — Only  son  of  Robert  Legat  of  Esk  Park,  Mussel- 
,,„  burgh.    £w»  nth  April  1831.    i>i«rf  6th  December  1877.    i¥rtr.  3d  February  1866, 

Emily,  youngest  daughter  of  James  Eddowes,  Surgeon,  Royal  Artillery. 

LEISHMAN,  JOHN.  19th  November  1835. 

Apprentice  to  William  Fraser. — Only  son  of  the  Rev.  Robert  Leishman,  Kinross. 
Boirn  June  1807.  Died  18th  September  1867.  Mar.  3d  March  1840,  Hannah 
Elizabeth,  daughter  of  John  Weatherly,  Whickham  House,  Durham. 

LEITH,  JOHN  ROSS. 

Bee  Ross,  John  Leith.  -iJ**'^'  t'""  '""  ""*.  •  ■■""  t'r*""*-'*  '■'■''- 


laO  THE  SOCIETY   OF  WEITEES   TO   THE   SIGNET 

LENY,  GKAHAM,  of  Glins.  17th  May  1799. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  William  Anderson;  and  (2)  Robert  Dundas. — Second  son  of 
George  Leny  of  Nether  Glins.    Died  21st  January  1827. 

LESLIE,  ALEXANDER.  21st  February  1655. 

Apprentice    to  Francis    Hay. — Eldest  son  of  Lachlane  Leslie    of  Miltoun  in 

Balvanie,  Banffshire.    Died  February  1670.    Mar.  (1)  Margaret,  daughter  of 

Scott,  City  Clerk  of  Edinburgh;  and  (2)  13th  October  1668,  Jean  Lindsay. 
Re-admitted  8th  July  1661. 

LESLIE,  Sir  JOHN,  of  Wardis  and  Findrassie,  Bart.  16th  November  1784. 

Apprentice  to  Andrew  Stuart. — Son  of  Charles  (John  1)  Leslie,  Writer  in  Edin- 
burgh. Died  30th  October  1825.  3Iar.  15th  July  1794,  Caroline  Jemima,  only 
daughter  and  heir  of  Abraham  Leslie  of  Findrassie,  Elginshire.  Claimed  and 
Assumed  Baronetcy  as  4th  Baronet. 

LESLIE,  WILLIAM.  22d  November  1776. 

Apprentice  to  Alexander  Robertson. — Son  of  Thomas  Leslie,  Merchant  in 
Montrose.     Died  16th  October  1798. 

LEVEN,  JOHN.  8th  June  1804. 

Apprentice  to  John  Tait. — Son  of  John  Leven,  General  Supervisor  of  Excise. 
Barn  1780.  Di^d  3d  April  1862.  Mar.  31st  August  1826,  Janet,  youngest 
daughter  of  the  Rev.  James  Wemyss,  Minister  of  Burntisland. 

LIND,  ARCHIBALD.  10th  March  1808. 

Apprentice  to  Robert  Trotter. — Fourth  son  of  David  Lind  of  Bearlawholme. 
Died  1811. 

LINDESAY,  JAMES.  22d  June  1837. 

Apprentice  to  Walker,  Richardson,  and  Melville. — Son  of  William  Lindesay,  Mer- 
chant in  Leith.     Born  16th  April  1812.     Died  12th  January  1888,  unmarried. 

LINDSAY,  JAMES.  1st  March  1832. 

Apprentice  to  John  Mowbray. — Son  of  George  Lindsay,  residing  in  Edinburgh. 
Barn  4th  July  1806.  Mar.  27th  September  1849,  Jessie  Brand,  daughter  of 
Robert  Kellie  Douglas,  Birmingham. 

LINDSAY,  JAMES  WILLIAM.  23d  April  1873. 

Apprentice  to  Patrick  Blair. — Son  of  William  Lindsay  of  Hermitage  Hill,  Leith. 
Barn  5th  October  1849. 

LINDSAY,  JOHN  MACKENZIE.  17th  November  1814. 

Apprentice  to  Alexander  Pearson. — Fourth  son  of  James  Lindsay  Carnegie  of 
Boysack,  Forfarshire.  Born  15th  March  1792.  Died  4th  August  1873.  Mar. 
22d  July  1835,  Florence,  daughter  of  Rev.  Charles  Brown  ofWhitestone  Rectory, 
Devon.  Director  of  Chancery,  25th  June  1858-73.  Principal  Clerk  of  Session, 
26th  February  1847  to  6th  July  1858. 


LIST   OF   MEMBERS  121 

LINDSAY,  ROBERT  JOHN.  7th  June  1872. 

Apprentice  to  James  Lindsay,  his  uncle.— Son  of  Robert  Lindsay,  Pharmaceuti- 
cal Chemist  in  Edinburgh.  Born  16th  February  1848.  Mar.  6th  April  1887, 
Isabella  Littlejohn,  daughter  of  Adam  Patersou,  LL.D.,  Writer  in  Glasgow. 

LINDSAY,  WILLIAM.  14th  July  1789. 

Apprentice  to  Archibald  Tod.— Third  son  of  Martin  Lindsay,  Writer  in  Edin- 
burgh. Died  1849.  Mar.  20th  February  1792,  daughter  of  John  Mackenzie, 
Merchant  in  Stirling. 

LINDSAY,  WILLIAM  PEROIVAL.  8th  October  1883. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  Henry  Inglis;  and  (2)  John  W.  Young  and  John  Blair.— Son 
of  John  Kyle  Lindsay,  S.S.C.    Bmn  25th  April  1861. 

LINNING,  MICHAEL,  of  Cumberhead.  18th  June  1801. 

Apprentice  to  James  Drummond. — Son  of  Thomas  Linning,  and  grandson  of  the 
Rev.  Thomas  Linning,  Minister  of  Lesmahagow.  Born  1775.  Died  17th  Febru- 
ary 1838.     Mar.  29th  April  1800,  daughter  of  Henry  Patrick  Wilson,  H.E.I.C.S. 

LISTER,  DAVID,  of  Kininmonth.  9th  July  1805. 

Apprentice  to  Edward  Bruce. — Son  of  James  Lister,  Farmer,  Pitlessie  Mill,  Fife- 
shire.  Died  18th  December  1827,  aged  66.  Mar.  14th  February  1801,  Janet, 
daughter  of  James  Blyth  of  Kininmonth,  and  widow  of  Andrew  Fernie  of  Wester 
Kilmux,  Fifeshire. 

LITTLE,  JAMES.  2d  March  1804. 

Apprentice  to  Thomas  Cranston. — Youngest  son  of  John  Little  of  Stewarton. 
Died  9th  September  1816. 

LITTLE,  ROBERT. 

See  GiLMOUR,  Robert  Little. 
LIVINGSTON,  JOHN.  3d  July  1828. 

Apprentice  to  John  Murray. — Son  of  John  Livingston,  Merchant  in  Strathblane. 

Bom  1800.     Died  24th  November  1838,  unmarried. 

LIVINGSTON,  JOHN  CHRISTIAN.  17th  March  1890. 

Apprentice  to  Robert  Strathern. — Son  of  James  Livingston,  Merchant,  Edinburgh. 
Born  14th  January  1866. 

LOCH,  JAMES.  4th  July  1769. 

Apprentice  to  James  Syme. — Third  son  of  William  Loch  of  Hawkshaw,  Writer  in 
Edinburgh.  Died  2d  September  1793.  Mar.  Miss  Colville  of  Sunbury.  H.M. 
Remembrancer  to  the  Court  of  Exchequer. 

LOCKHART,  EPHRAIM.  25th  February  1803. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  William  Blair;  and  (2)  Campbell  Adie.— Sonof  Ephraim  Lock- 
hart  of  the  Customs,  Leith.  Died  26th  November  1850,  aged  74.  Mar.  22d  April 
1818,  Janet,  daughter  of  John  Learmonth,  Parkhall,  Stirlingshire. 


122  THE   SOCIETY   OF  WRITERS   TO   THE  SIGNET 

LOCKHART,  NORMAN,  of  Taebrax.  21st  May  1805. 

Apprentice  to  William  Macdonald. — Third  son  of  Charles  Lockhart  of  Muiravon- 
side.  Died  5th  March  1853,  aged  73.  Mar.  3d  January  1806,  Phillis  Barbara, 
daughter  of  John  Macmurdo,  Dumfries. 

LOCKHART,  WILLIAM.  8th  December  1662. 

Apprentice  to  John  Semple. — Son  of  James  Lockhart  of  Cleghome,  Lanarkshire. 
Having  been  appointed  Commissary  of  Lanark,  suspended  8th  January  1666. 

LOGAN,  ALEXANDER  CHRISTOPHER.  18th  April  1877. 

Apprentice  to  A.  Hamilton,  G.  T.  Kinnear  and  Robert  Beatson. — Son  of  Alexander 
Stuart  Logan,  Advocate,  Sheriff  of  Forfarshire.    Born  7th  May  1851. 

LOGAN,  CHARLES  BOWMAN.  9th  February  1860. 

Apprentice  to,  and  son  of,  John  Logan,  W.S. — Bom  3d  May  1837.  Mar.  16th 
July  1863,  Margaret  Carrick,  daughter  of  Robert  Romanes  of  Craigerne,  Peebles- 
shire. Fiscal,  1883-87.  Crown  Agent,  1883-85,  and  February  to  June  1886. 
Deputy-Keeper  of  the  Signet,  15th  December  1887. 

LOGAN,  DAVID.  1612. 

Died  19th  January  1614.     Mar.  11th  April  1611,  Martha  Muire. 

LOGAN,  EDMUND.  4th  February  1830. 

Apprentice  to  James  Hope. — Fourth  son  of  William  Logan  of  Clarkston.  Bkd 
24th  January  1865,  aged  61,  unmarried. 

LOGAN",  GEORGE.  12th  December  1822. 

Apprentice  to  William  Bell. — Eldest  son  of  Robert  Logan,  Milldown,  Berwick- 
shire. Born  1799.  Died  18th  July  1877.  Mar.  5th  August  1823,  Marion, 
second  daughter  of  Thomas  Manson,  Lambeth.    Clerk  of  Teinds,  1841-77. 

LOGAN,  JOHN.  19th  November  1829. 

Apprentice  to  James  Mackenzie  and  William  Innes. — Son  of  Robert  Logan, 
residing  in  Lanark.  Boi-n  25th  August  1792.  Died  11th  July  1883.  Mar.  7th 
August  1833,  Helen,  daughter  of  Charles  Bowman,  Depute-CIerk  of  Teinds. 

LOGIE,  WILLIAM.  1st  March  1832. 

Apprentice  to  Gibson  and  Oliphant. — Son  of  Major  Logic,  97th  Regiment.  Born 
18th  December  1808.  Died  15th  November  1872.  ifar.  1st  June  1837,  Jane 
Hewat,  eldest  daughter  of  James  Black,  Glasgow.  Sheriff-Substitute  at  Airdrie, 
1858-72. 

LONGMORE,  JOHN  ALEXANDER,  of  Deanshaugh.  12th  November  1835. 

Apprentice  to  John  Donaldson. — Only  son  of  Adam  Longmore,  Junr.,  of  the 
Exchequer.     Boi-n  28th  October  1812.     Died  16th  April  1875,  unmarried. 

LOTHIAN,  EDWARD.    .  7th  July  1795. 

Apprentice  to  Charles  Innes. — Son  of  the  Rev.  William  Lothian,  D.D.,  Minister  of 
Canongate.     Died  12th  April  1840.     Admitted  Advocate,  3d  June  1815. 


LIST  OF  MEMBEES  1» 

LOTHIAN,  JAMES  HUGH.  7th  July  1820. 

Apprentice  to  Craufurd  Tait. — Eldest  son  of  the  Eev.  Andrew  Lothian,  Minister 
of  the  Associate  Congregation  of  PortsburgL    Died  3d  April  1831. 

LOUDON,  CHARLES  EDWARD.  15th  July  1889. 

Apprentice  to  R  B.  Ranken. — Son  of  William  Loudon,  Administrator-General, 
Bombay.     Born  6th  January  1865, 

LOUTFOUT,  JOHN.  3d  October  1671. 

Apprentice  to  George  Sibbald. — Son  to  John  Loutfout,  Tailor,  Burgess  of  Edin- 
burgh, representative  of  the  family  of  Orchil.  Died  1709.  Treasurer,  1699-1703. 
Keeper  of  the  Privy  Seal. 

LOW,  GEORGE  23d  April  1873. 

Apprentice  to  John  Brown  Innes. — Youngest  son  of  James  Low  of  Laws,  Berwick- 
shire. Born  7th  March  1849.  Mar.  27th  April  1880,  Agnes  Elizabeth,  third 
daughter  of  Major  Jocelyn  Ffoulkes  of  Eriviatt,  Denbighshire. 

LOW,  HENRY  MALCOLM.  3d  July  1820. 

Apprentice  to  Samuel  C.  Somerville  and  Charles  B.  Scott. — Son  of  Robert  Low 
of  Clatto,  Fifeshire.     Died  at  Meeady,  Pegu,  5th  April  1858,  aged  60,  unmarried. 

LOWE,  WILLIAM  DUNCAN.  18th  March  1889. 

Apprentice  to  J.  A.  Jamieson,  G.  Dalziel,  J.  Craik,  and  J.  W.  Tod. — Fourth 
son  of  John  Duncan  Lowe,  Publisher,  Edinburgh.  Born  22d  April  1849.  Mar. 
2d  April  1890,  Edith  Campbell,  daughter  of  Rev.  Robert  Gordon  Balfour,  of  New 
North  Free  Church,  Edinburgh. 

LUMSDEN,  CLEMENTS.  8th  July  1823. 

Apprentice  to  Richard  Hotchkis  and  James  Tytler. — Son  of  Harry  Lumsden  of 
Belhelvie,  Aberdeenshire.  Died  27th  November  1853,  aged  60.  Mar.  3d  July 
1827,  Jane,  third  daughter  of  James  Forbes  of  Echt,  Aberdeenshire.  Admitted 
to  Society  of  Advocates  in  Aberdeen,  1825. 

LUMSDEN,  JOHN,  of  Blanerne.  3d  February  1701. 

Apprentice  to  William  Thomson. — Second  son  of  Robert  Lumsden  of  Stravithy. 
Died  27th  December  1757. 

LUMSDAINE,  WILLIAM.  24th  February  1778. 

Apprentice  to  Samuel  Mitchelson. — Fourth  son  of  James  Lumsdaine  of  Strath- 
tjrrum.  Died  19th  January  1794.  Mar.  14th  October  1781,  Ann,  daughter  of 
Sir  Alexander  Gordon  of  Lesmore,  Bart. 

LUNDIE,  ARCHIBALD.  9th  August  1782. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  Robert  Menzies ;  and  (2)  John  Moir. — Only  son  of  the  Rev. 
Henry  Lundie,  of  Trinity  College  Church,  Edinburgh.  Bom  1748.  Died  4th 
May  1841. 


1S4  THE  SOCIETY   OF   WEITEES   TO   THE   SIGNET 

LYALL,  DAVID.  4th  December  1823. 

Apprentice  to  Richard  Cowan. — Son  of  Alexander  Lyall,  Comptroller  of  the 
Customs,  Aberdeen.     Died  17th  October  1826. 

LYELL,  DAVID.  28th  January  1881. 

Apprentice  to  Thomas  E.  0.  Home. — Son  of  David  Lyell,  S.S.C,  Edinburgh. 
Bm-n  19th  May  1857.  Mar.  14th  June  1887,  Florence,  eldest  daughter  of 
William  Tolson,  Fazeley,  Stafford. 

LYON,  DAVID.  11th  August  1682. 

Apprentice  to  John  Lyon. — Son  of  William  Lyon  of  Easter  Ogil.  Died  1726. 
Mar.  May,  daughter  of  Mr.  Alexander  Guthrie,  Minister  of  Stracathro,  Forfar- 
shire.    Commissary  of  Brechin. 

LYON,  GEORGE,  of  Wester  Ogil.  15th  June  1810. 

Apprentice  to  Alexander  Duncan. — Eldest  son  of  Hugh  Lyon,  Captain  in  the 
Service  of  the  English  East  India  Company.  Died  14th  November  1866,  aged  80. 
Mar.  28th  March  1810,  Catherine,  third  daughter  of  the  Rev.  Thomas  Fleming, 
D.D.,  Minister  of  Lady  Yester's  Church,  Edinburgh. 

LYON,  JOHN.  2d  December  1672. 

Apprentice  to  Alexander  Leslie. — Mar.  1st  March  1667,  Helen  Ramsay. 

LYONS,  MATHIAS.  1st  March  1799. 

Apprentice  to  Horatius  Cannan. — Eldest  son  of  Mathias  Lyons,  Merchant  in 
Lerwick.     Died  1837. 

MACALISTER,  CHARLES.  20th  November  1818. 

Apprentice  to  Walter  Cook. — Youngest  son  of  Alexander  Macalister  of  Strathaird, 
Skye.     Drowned  on  board  the  steamer  Comet  ofiFGourock,  2l8t  October  1825. 

MACALLAN,  ALLAN  BERTRAM.  18th  November  1858. 

Apprentice  to  David  Smith. — Son  of  James  Macallan,  W.S.  Born  26th  June 
1836.  Died  19th  March  1888.  Mar.  19th  August  1876,  Agnes  Gertrude,  eldest 
daughter  of  David  L.  Bum,  St.  Andrews. 

MACALLAN,  JAMES.  12th  December  1816. 

Apprentice  to  Francis  Wilson. — Son  of  Thomas  Macallan,  Officer  of  Excise, 
Edinburgh.  Died  16th  June  1868,  aged  76.  Mar.  (1)  30th  April  1822, 
Catherine,  eldest  daughter  of  Robert  Ainslie,  W.S. ;  and  (2)  27th  July  1826, 
Cecilia,  daughter  of  William  Bertram  of  Nisbet,  Lanarkshire. 

MACANDREW,  JOHN  LEWIS.  3d  May  1881. 

Apprentice  to  Robert  Macandrew  and  J.  P.  Wright. — Only  son  of  John  Mac- 
andrew,  S.S.C.  Born  17th  July  1857.  Mar.  29th  January  1889,  Elsie  Mabel, 
only  daughter  of  Major-General  W.  Lambert  Yonge  of  Westwood,  Frimley, 
Surrey. 


LIST  OF  MEMBEES  125 

MACANDREW,  ROBERT.  12th  July  1860. 

Apprentice  to  William  Ramsay  Kermack. — Son  of  Robert  Macandrew  of  the 
Chancery  Office,  Edinburgh.  Bam  7th  October  1832.  Died  18th  February  1876, 
unmarried. 

MACAO,  WILLIAM  ROSS.  29th  January  1824. 

Apprentice  to  Joseph  Gordon. — Son  of  William  Macao,  Accountant  of  Excise, 
Edinburgh.  Born  1799.  Died  25th  September  1881.  Mar.  (1)  April  1832, 
Caroline,  daughter  of  Alexander  Anderson  of  Udoll;  and  (2)  19th  August  1879, 
Adeline  Louise,  daughter  of  Chauncey  Marshall,  Merchant,  State  of  New  York. 

MACARA,  JAMES.  23d  January  1818. 

Apprentice  to  Robert  Fleming. — Son  of  the  Rev.  John  Macara,  Minister  of  the 
Antiburgher  Congregation,  Path  of  Struie.  Bm-n  1788.  Died  22d  January  1855. 
Mar.  11th  July  1834,  Elizabeth,  daughter  of  Peter  Halkerston,  S.S.C,  LL.D. 
Author  of  The  Four  Leading  Doctrines  of  the  New  Jerusalem. 

MACARA,  LAURENCE  MUDIE.  19th  December  1833. 

Apprentice  to  .^neas  Macbean. — Son  of  Robert  Macara,  Merchant  in  Dun 
fermline.     Bom  September  1804.     Died  15th  December  1875,  unmarried. 

MACARTNEY,  JOHN. 

Intimation  to  be  given  him,  May  1636. 

MACARTNEY,  WILLIAM. 
Died  before  1614. 

MACAULAY,  THOMAS. 

Signs  Minute  of  19th  November  1596.  Clerk  to  Society.  Died  about  1647. 
Mar.  Katherine  Wallace. 

MACBAYNE,  JOHN  CLERIHEW.  30th  November  1792. 

Apprentice  to  John  Smyth. — Only  son  of  Lauchlan  Macbayue,  Grocer,  Edinburgh. 
Died  14th  November  1800.     Mar.  Susan  Kerr. 

MACBEAN,  ^NEAS.  27th  November  1807. 

Apprentice  to  Archibald  Milne. — Son  of  Alexander  Macbean,  Merchant  in 
Campbelltown.     Born  11th  September  1776.     Died  30th  August  1857,  unmarried. 

MACBEAN,  ^NEAS.  16th  November  1848. 

Apprentice  to  ^neas  Macbean,  his  uncle. — Son  of  the  Rev.  Hugh  Macbean, 
Minister  of  Ardclach.  Born  13th  June  1820.  Mar.  15th  April  1852,  Mary  Ann, 
second  daughter  of  Harry  Gordon,  Liverpool.     Circuit  Clerk  of  Justiciary,  1864. 

MACBEAN,  HARRY  HAVELOCK.  25th  May  1883. 

Apprentice  to,  and  son  of,  .^Eneas  Macbean,  W.S. — Born  1st  November  1857. 


t«6  THE  SOCIETY  OF  WRITEES   TO   THE  SIGNET 

M'CALLUM,  GEORGE  KELLIE,  of  Braco.  18th  November  1825. 

Apprentice  to  John  Forman.— Only  son  of  George  M'Callum  of  Thornhill,  Perth- 
shire. Bvrn  1804.  Died  2d  June  1884.  Mar.  21st  July  1841,  Margaret  Ann, 
only  surviving  daughter  of  George  Kellie,  M.D.,  Leith. 

M'CANDLISH,  JOHN  M'GREGOR.  12th  June  1845. 

Apprentice  to  John  Archibald  Campbell. — Son  of  William  M'Candlish,  Receiver- 
General  of  Taxes  for  Scotland.  Born  12th  January  1821.  Mar.  20th  August 
1863,  Mary  Sibbald,  eldest  daughter  of  Patrick  Dalmalioy,  W.S.  General 
Manager  and  Actuary  of  the  Scottish  Union  and  National  Insurance  Company. 
President  of  the  Faculty  of  Actuaries  in  Scotland. 

M'CHEYNE,  ADAM.  15th  December  1814.  " 

Apprentice  to  Robert  Graham. — Son  of  William  M'Cheyne,  Thornhill.  Bom 
1781.  Died  24th  February  1854.  Mar.  1st  November  1802,  Lockhart  Murray, 
daughter  of  David  Dickson  of  Locherwoods,  Dumfriesshire. 

M'CHEYNE,  DAVID  THOMAS.  30th  November  1826. 

Apprentice  to,  and  son  of,  Adam  M'Cheyne,  W.S. — Born  1804.  Died  3d  July 
1831,  unmarried. 

M'CLELLAND,  GEORGE  HUTCHISON.  27th  February  1823. 

Apprentice  to  Alexander  Young. — Third  son  of  Thomas  M'Clelland,  Agent  for 
the  Bank  of  Scotland,  Ayr.  Bom  26th  December  1800.  Died  19th  October  1867, 
unmarried.  Author  of  Predestination  and  Election  Vindicated  from  the  Dependence 
on  Moral  Necessity,  1848. 

M'COOK,  JAMES.  23d  November  1813. 

Apprentice  to  George  Robinson. — Eldest  son  of  James  M'Cook,  Advocate  in 
Aberdeen.  Died  28th  April  1847,  aged  59.  Mar.  25th  April  1820,  Ann,  only 
daughter  of  Thomas  Laing. 

M'CULLOCH,  JOHN  SHEPPARD.  13th  January  1890. 

Apprentice  to  R.  L.  and  J.  G.  Stuart. — Son  of  John  M'Casland  M'Culloch  of  the 
British  Linen  Bank,  Edinburgh.     Bom  18th  June  1867. 

M'CULLOCH,  WALTER,  of  Ardwall.  11th  March  1830. 

Apprentice  to  John  Gibson,  Junr. — Second  son  of  James  Murray  M'Culloch  of 

Ardwall,  Kirkcudbrightshire.      Bom  21st  November  1807.      Steward-Clerk  of 

Kirkcudbright,  1849-59. 
MACDONALD,  ALEXANDER,  of  Calley.  24th  November  1774. 

Apprentice  to  Alexander  Cunningham.— Eldest  son  of  Duncan  Macdonald,  Writer 

in  Edinburgh.     Died  6th  February  1813. 

MACDONALD,  COLL,  of  Dalness.  18th  March  1788. 

Apprentice  to  William  Macdonald. — Eldest  son  of  James  Macdonald  of  Dalness, 
Argyllshire.  Bmn  1762.  Died  1st  January  1837.  Mar.  22d  October  1796, 
Elizabeth  Barbour,  daughter  of  Captain  Donald  Macbean,  10th  Regiment. 


T  LIST  OF  MEMBEES  187 

MACDONALD,  DUNCAN.  7th  March  1833. 

Apprentice  to,  and  son  of,  Coll  Macdonald,  W.S. — Born  9th  November  1809. 
Died  at  Demerara  8th  June  1842,  unmarried. 

MACDONALD,  GEORGE  RAINY.  24th  October  1885. 

Apprentice  to  Thomas  S.  Maclaren  and  William  Traquair,  Junr. — Son  of  Harry 
Macdonald,  Writer  and  Banker  in  Portree.     Born  11th  December  1860. 

MACDONALD,  HECTOR. 

See  Buchanan,  Hector  Macdonald. 

MACDONALD,  JAMES.  28th  October  1874. 

Apprentice  to  John  Auld. — Son  of  John  Macdonald,  Accountant,  Edinburgh. 

Born  3d  July  1850.     Mar.  18th  December  1889,  Isabella  Wilhelmina,  younger 

daughter  of  Rev.  William  Cousin,  Melrose. 
MACDONALD,  JAMES  CUMMING  RAFF.  14th  July  1884. 

Apprentice  to  Charles  Baxter. — Son  of  James  Macdonald,  LL.D.,  Rector  of  Ayr 

Academy.     Bwn  13th  August  1858. 

MACDONALD,  MATHEW  NORMAN. 

See  Hume,  Mathew  Norman  Macdonald. 

MACDONALD,  RANALD  GEORGE  MEYRITT.  12th  November  1835. 

Apprentice  to  John  Russell. — Fourth  son  of  LieutenantrColonel  Robert  Mac- 
donald of  Inchkenneth,  Argyllshire.  Born  25th  February  1810.  Died  19th 
September  1875.  Mar.  (1)  24th  May  1836,  AHcia  Jane,  eldest  daughter  of  Rev. 
Nathaniel  Bridges,  Vicar  of  Hensbridge;  and  (2)  16th  September  1875,  Mary 
Ann,  daughter  of  W.  Horsman,  and  widow  of  E.  Sandys  Bain  of  Easter  Livilands, 
Stirlingshire,  Sergeant-at-Law. 

MACDONALD,  THOMAS.  19th  July  1779. 

Apprentice  to  William  Macdonald. — Eldest  son  of  James  Macdonald  of  Falside, 
Sheriff-Substitute  of  Kincardine.  Died  1821.  Mar.  1st  June  1780,  Sarah, 
daughter  of  George  Skene  of  Skene. 

MACDONALD,  WILLLAM,  of  St.  M.uitins.  11th  January  1762. 

Apprentice  to  Robert  Grant. — Eldest  son  of  James  Macdonald  of  Ranathan,  Perth- 
shire. Born  1732.  Died  17th  May  1814.  Mar.  4th  January  1772,  Cecilia, 
daughter  of  David  Kinloch  of  Kilry,  Perthshire. 

MACDONELL,  ALEXANDER.  25th  May  1826. 

Apprentice  to  James  Macdonell. — Youngest  son  of  Alexander  Macdonell,  Writer 
in  Inverness.  Died  11th  August  1851,  aged  50,  unmarried.  Sheriff-Substitute  of 
Wigtownshire,  1829-47. 

MACDONELL,  JAMES,  of  Milnfield.  17th  May  1811. 

Apprentice  to  Coll  Macdonald. — Eldest  son  of  Alexander  Macdonell,  Writer  in 
Inverness.  Bom  1785.  Died  23d  November  1841.  Ma/r.  4th  January  1813, 
Mary  Proby,  second  daughter  of  George  Mackenzie  of  Pitlundie. 


1^  THE   SOCIETY   OF  WEITERS   TO   THE   SIGNET 

MACDOUGALL,  PATRICK,  of  Crichen.  20th  July  1704. 

Apprentice  to  Harry  NicolL — Died  May  1734.  Mar.  20th  March  1701,  Elizabeth, 
daughter  of  Robert  Martin  of  Burnbrae. 

MACDOUGALL,  ALLAN,  of  Gallanach.  25th  June  1770. 

Apprentice  to  Colquhoun  Grant. — Eldest  son  of  Dugald  Macdougall  of  Gallanach, 
Argyllshire.  Died  24th  December  1807.  Mar.  Margaret,  second  daughter  of  John 
Hay  of  Newhall,  Mid-Lothian,   Agent  for  the  Commissioners  of  Annexed  Estates. 

MACDOUGALL,  ALLAN,  of  Hayfield.  26th  February  1824. 

Apprentice  to  John  Young. — Son  of  Patrick  Macdougall  of  Macdougall.  Born 
1798.     Died  3d  August  1876,  unmarried. 

MACDOUGALL,  PATRICK,  of  Gallanach.  27th  June  1839. 

Apprentice  to  John  Patten. — Eldest  son  of  Dugald  Macdougall  of  Gallanach, 
Argyllshire.    Born  26th  November  1817.     Died  5th  April  1866,  unmarried. 

MACDO WALL,  CHARLES.  5th  July  1821. 

Apprentice  to  John  Campbell  quartus. — Son  of  Archibald  Macdowall,  Surveyor 
of  Customs  of  Leith.  Boi-n  1796.  Died  27th  July  1837.  Mar.  26th  November 
1832,  Jane  Margaret  Sawers,  daughter  of  John  Finnic  of  Swanston. 

MACDUFF,  ALEXANDER,  of  Bonhard.  14th  November  1839. 

Apprentice  to  David  Welsh. — Son  of  Alexander  Macduff  of  Bonhard,  Perthshire. 
Born  5th  December  1816.  Died  20th  March  1866.  Mar.  21st  September  1842, 
Mary,  daughter  of  Francis  Brown  of  Jordanhill,  Trinidad. 

MACDUFF,  ALEXANDER,  of  Bonhard.  28th  January  1876. 

Apprentice  to  Colin  Mackenzie,  A.  D.  M.  Black,  and  J.  M.  Mackenzie. — Son  of 
Alexander  Macduff  of  Bonhard,  W.S.  Born  29th  July  1849,  Mar.  16th  May 
1883,  Edith  Alexandrina,  younger  daughter  of  John  Shiell  of  Smithfield,  Forfar- 
shire. 

M'EWAN,  JAMES,  of  Bardrochwood.  16th  December  1830. 

Apprentice  to  Thomas  Grierson. — Son  of  Robert  M'Ewan,  Factor  for  Lady 
Crawford  at  Rozelle,  Ayrshire.  Born  21st  July  1801.  Di^d  13th  July  1874, 
unmarried. 

MACEWAN,  WILLIAM,  of  Muckly.  25th  February  1740. 

Apprentice  to  Archibald  Stewart. — Son  of  John  MacEwan  of  Muckly,  Commissary 
Clerk  of  Dunkeld.  Disd  7th  February  1765.  Mar.  (1)  Grizel,  third  daughter  of 
Dr.  Thomas  Rattray  of  Craighall,  Perthshire;  and  (2)  November  1757,  Mark, 
daughter  of  Thomas  Douglas. 

MACEWAN,  WILLIAM.  4th  July  1809. 

Apprentice  to  Coll  Macdonald. — Eldest  son  of  Daniel  MacEwan,  Cattle-dealer  at 

Bum  of  Ruskie.     Died  3d  October  1821.     Mar.  Ist  August  1814,  E ,  daughter 

of Lindsay,  Stockbridge,  EdinburgL 


LIST  OF  MEMBEES  129 

MACEWEN,  WILLIAM  CAMPBELL.  28th  January  1876. 

Apprentice  to  Alexander  F.  Adam  and  John  Kirk. — Son  of  John  MacEwen  of 
Broomhill,  Inverness.  Barn  17th  September  1849.  Mar.  29th  July  1882, 
Margaret,  second  daughter  of  David  Croall  of  Southfield,  Mid-Lothian. 

MACFAELANE,  JAMES,  of  Balwill.  6th  June  1833. 

Apprentice  to  Alexander  Young. — Son  of  James  Macfarlane  of  Balwill,  Stirling- 
shire.   Born  3d  December  1809.     Died  18th  June  1870,  unmarried. 

MACFARLANE,  JOHN.  24th  December  1678. 

Apprentice  to  John  Bayne. — Died  3d  November  1709,  aged  65.  Mar.  (1)  16th 
August  1680,  Euphan  Ritchie  j  and  (2)  June  1700,  Christian,  daughter  of  John 
Hamilton  of  Bangour,  Linlithgowshire.     Treasurer,  1691-7. 

MACFARLANE,  JOHN.  12th  November  1709. 

Apprentice  to,  and  son  of,  John  Macfarlane,  W.S. — Died  30th  April  1771.  Mar. 
January  1733,  Elizabeth,  daughter  of  Sir  Henry  Wardlaw  of  Pitreavie,  Bart. 

MACFARLANE,  ROBERT.  29th  June  1827. 

Apprentice  to  James  Greig. — Only  son  of  Parian  Macfarlane,  Tacksman  of 
Glenmallashan,  Dumbartonshire.  Bwn  30th  July  1802.  Died  3d  November  1880. 
Mar.  21st  October  1843,  Grace  Addison,  daughter  of  James  Greig  of  Eccles,  W.S. 
Admitted  Advocate  9th  March  1838.  Appointed  Sheriff  of  Renfrewshire  1853, 
raised  to  the  bench  with  the  title  of  Lord  Ormidale,  February  1862. 

MACFARLANE,  WILLIAM.  19th  November  1782. 

Apprentice  to  Colquhoim  Grant. — Son  of  Daniel  Macfarlane,  Brewer  in  Portsburgh. 
Born  1749.  Died  13th  July  1831.  Mar.  (1)  Barbara  Waugh;  and  (2)  19th 
April  1811,  Jane,  eldest  daughter  of  James  Sommers,  Writer,  Edinburgh. 

MACFARQUHAR,  JOHN.  1st  August  1788. 

Apprentice  to  William  Charles  Craigie.— Son  of  George  Macfarquhar,  Coach- 
painter  in  Edinburgh.  Died  10th  June  1817.  Mar.  15th  October  1793,  Bethia, 
daughter  of  Lawrence  Brown  of  Edmonston. 

MACGILL,  JOHN. 

Signs  Mmute  of  16th  December  1594.    Mar.  6th  August  1606,  Marion  Sandilands. 

MACGILLIVRAY,  WILLIAM.  3d  November  1870. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  John  Dundas;  and  (2)  Alexander  Howe.— Son  of  Alexander 
Macgillivray,  residing  at  Carron  Terrace,  Stonehaven.  Bm-n  30th  May  1823. 
Mar.  29th  July  1868,  Margaret,  youngest  daughter  of  John  Dods,  Brewer,  Dunbar. 

MACGLASHAN,  ROBERT,  of  Eastertyre.  9th  March  1814. 

Apprentice  to  Robert  Graham. — Second  son  of  Major  Alexander  Macglashan  of 
Eastertyre,  Perthshire.     Dtet^  1st  August  1825. 


180  THE  SOCIETY  OF  WEITEES  TO  THE  SIGNET 

MACGOWAN,  JOHN.  24th  January  1712. 

Died  18th  August  1762.  Mar.  1st  April  1713,  Margaret,  daughter  of  Francis 
Borthwick  of  Hartsyde. 

MACGREGOE,  JOHN.  16th  January  1888. 

Apprentice  to  John  W.  Young  and  John  Blair. — Eldest  son  of  Malcolm 
Macgregor,  S.S.O.,  Edinburgh.     Born  6th  January  1864. 

MACGEEGOE,  EONALD.  18th  July  1854. 

Apprentice  to  Edmund  Baxter. — Eldest  son  of  James  Macgregor,  Writer  in  Fort- 
William.  Born  17th  May  1830.  Died  19th  February  1868.  Mar.  30th  April 
1860,  Duncana  M'Lachlan,  youngest  daughter  of  Alexander  Gumming  of  Grie- 
shernish.  Isle  of  Skye. 

MACHAEG,  JAMES.  7th  March  1788. 

Apprentice  to  John  Hunter. — Son  of  Archibald  Macharg,  Writer  in  Edinburgh. 

Died  1794. 

M'INTOSH,  CHARLES.  13th  July  1775. 

Apprentice  to  Eobert  Jamieson. — Second  son  of  John  M'Intosh,  Bailie  and 
Merchant  in  Inverness.     Died  26th  November  1812,  aged  71. 

M'INTOSH,  DONALD.  4th  March  1816. 

Apprentice  to  Kenneth  Mackenzie. — Eldest  son  of  Campbell  M'Intosh  of 
Dalmigavie,  Writer  in  Inverness.    Bom  1792.    Died  19th  October  1832,  unmarried. 

M'INTOSH,  GEOEGE.  27th  October  1882. 

Apprentice  to  Hew  Hamilton  Crichton. — Eldest  son  of  George  M'Intosh,  S.S.C., 
Edinburgh.    Bam  5th  October  1859. 

MACK,  AITCHISON  ALEXANDEE,  of  Burnside.  28th  June  1827. 

Apprentice  to  Alexander  Dallas  and  John  Innes. — Sixth  son  of  William  Mack, 
Writer  in  Airdrie.  Born  1803.  Died  25th  April  1843.  Mar.  30th  October 
1829,  Martha,  youngest  daughter  of  John  White,  Memus,  Forfarshire. 

MACK,  OR  MAK,  GEOEGE. 

Commissioner,  16th  December  1594. — Son  of  George  Mack,  Writer  in  Edinburgh. 
Fiscal  1604.    Died  3d  November  1622.    Mar.  Agnes  Hay. 

MACK,  GEOEGE.  7th  November  1631. 

Apprentice  to  William  Kellie. — Nephew  of  George  Mack,  W.S.  Treasurer, 
1654-9.    Died  December  1664.    Ee-admitted  21st  November  1661. 

MACK,  JOHN.  7th  June  1667. 

Apprentice  to,  and  only  son  of,  George  Mack,  W.S. — Mar.  Mary  Hepburn. 

MACK,  EOBEET.  21st  November  1820. 

Apprentice  to  Walter  Dickson. — Son  of  William  Mack,  Writer  in  Airdrie.  Died 
12th  December  1827.        ,.>■  li  ■    .     ,   ,r  ,  ■ 


LIST   OF   MEMBEES  jTH'i  131 

MACKAY,  JAMES.  14th  March  1867. 

Apprentice  to,  and  son  of,  Robert  Mackay,  W.S.—Born  16th  April  1844.  Died 
25th  December  1876,  unmarried. 

MACKAY,  JAMES  FRANCIS.  10th  October  1877. 

Apprentice  to  Donald  Beith.— Son  of  John  Mackay,  Pharmaceutical  Chemist  in 
Edinburgh.  Born  6th  April  1855.  Mar.  14th  April  1886,  Annie  Alma,  daughter 
of  David  Croall  of  Southfield,  Mid-Lothian. 

MACKAY,  ROBERT.  24th  November  1831. 

Apprentice  to  Gibson  and  Oliphant. — Son  of  James  Mackay,  Jeweller  in  Edin- 
burgh. Bom  6th  March  1807.  Died  11th  May  1872.  Mar.  13th  March  1835, 
Elinor,  only  daughter  of  John  Thorbum,  Merchant  in  Leith. 

MACKAY,  THOMAS  GEORGE.  8th  March  1827. 

Apprentice  to  Richard  Mackenzie. — Son  of  Captain  ^neas  Mackay  of  Scotston, 
Peeblesshire.  Born  11th  March  1803.  Died  1st  May  1864.  Mar.  12th  October 
1838,  Mary,  daughter  of  John  Kirkcaldy  of  Baldovie,  Forfarshire. 

M'KEAN,  HUGH.  16th  November  1831. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  John  M'Kean;  (2)  William  Mackenzie;  and  (3)  J.  T.  Gibson 
Craig. — Son  of  Andrew  M'Kean  of  Locharwoods,  Dumfriesshire.  Born  30th 
June  1809.  Mar.  11th  August  1840,  Ann  Hally,  third  daughter  of  George 
Knight,  Edinburgh. 

M'KEAN,  JOHN.  6th  March  1817. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  Robert  Cathcart;  (2)  John  Kermack. — Son  of  Andrew  M'Kean 
of  Locharwoods.  Born  4th  May  1794.  Died  3d  January  1839.  Mar.  24th 
July  1820,  Margaret,  youngest  daughter  of  John  Thomson,  Leith.  Manager  of 
Scottish  Widows'  Fund. 

MACKENZIE,  ALEXANDER,  of  Delvine.  15th  December  1714. 

Apprentice  to  Thomas  Pringle. — Second  son  of  John  Mackenzie  of  Delvine,  Perth- 
sWre.   Died  July  1737.   Principal  Clerk  of  Session,  12th  December  1718  till  death. 

MACKENZIE,  ALEXANDER,  of  Portmore.  15th  July  1763. 

Apprentice  to  John  Mackenzie. — Son  of  Alexander  Mackenzie,  Bailie  and 
Merchant  in  Dingwall.  Born  5th  February  1735.  Died  4th  September  1805. 
Mar.  25th  October  1766,  Ann,  eldest  daughter  of  Colin  Mackenzie  of  Kilcoy, 
Ross-shire. 

MACKENZIE,  ALEXANDER,  of  Meikle  Scatwell.  24th  June  1835. 

Apprentice  to  Alexander  Monypenny. — Eldest  son  of  William  Mackenzie  of 
Muirton,  W.S.  Born  28th  February  1812.  Mar.  6th  January  1842,  Marion 
Dalrymple,  daughter  of  John  Mansfield  of  Midmar,  Aberdeenshire.  Keeper  of 
Register  of  Homings,  etc.,  1839-44.   ,  „         ,,   ,1,,,     ■.,r,     ,,,,.1.-- 


132  THE  SOCIETY   OF  WEITERS   TO   THE   SIGNET 

MACKENZIE,  ANDEEW.  3d  July  1778. 

Apprentice  to  John  Mackenzie. — Second  son  of  Kenneth  Mackenzie,  Professor  of 
Civil  Law  in  the  University  of  Edinburgh.  Died  10th  September  1793.  Mar. 
30th  April  1789,  Janet,  daughter  of  James  Goodlet  Campbell  of  Achlyne, 
Perthshire. 

MACKENZIE,  COLIN,. of  Rosend.  25th  July  1722. 

Apprentice  to  Alexander  Mackenzie. — Son  of  Colin  Mackenzie  of  Eosend.  Died 
3d  December  1746. 

MACKENZIE,  COLIN,  of  Portmore.  2l8t  November  1790. 

Apprentice  to,  and  son  of,  Alexander  Mackenzie  of  Portmore,  Peeblesshire,  W.S. 
—Born  nth  January  1770.  Died  16th  September  1830.  Mar.  13th  May  1803, 
Elizabeth,  daughter  of  Sir  William  Forbes  of  Pitsligo,  Bart.  Principal  Clerk  of 
Session,  Hth  November  1804  to  23d  Febniary  1828.  Deputy-Keeper  of  the 
Signet,  1820-28. 

MACKENZIE,  COLIN.  14th  July  1864. 

Apprentice  to,  and  eldest  son  of,  James  Hay  Mackenzie,  W.S. — Bwn  2 2d  April  1 841 . 
Died  1.5th  July  1882,  unmarried.    Deputy-Keeper  of  the  Great  Seal,  186G-82. 

MACKENZIE,  DONALD.  1.5th  November  1872. 

Apprentice  to  John  Clerk  Brodie. — Eldest  son  of  Donald  Mackenzie,  Advocate, 
one  of  the  Senators  of  the  College  of  Justice.  Barn  10th  July  1844.  Mar.  13th 
July  1878,  Laura  Augusta  Mackenzie,  second  daughter  of  Lynedoch  Douglas, 
fifth  son  of  General  Sir  Kenneth  Douglas,  Bart.,  of  Glenbervie. 

MACKENZIE,  GEOEGE.  30th  November  1675. 

Apprentice  to  John  Bayne. 

MACKENZIE,  GEOEGE.  15th  July  1852. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  Arthur  Campbell;  and  (2)  John  Ord  Mackenzie,  his  brother. 
— Fifth  son  of  Richard  Mackenzie  of  Dolphinton,  W.S.  Born  12th  September 
1828.  Died  16th  September  1871.  Mar.  16th  April  1858,  Agnes,  second 
daughter  of  James  Valentine  Hagart  of  Glendelvine,  Perthshire. 

MACKENZIE,  JAMES.  10th  March  1806. 

Apprentice  to  Alexander  Grant. — Third  son  of  Henry  Mackenzie  of  the  Exchequer, 
"The  Man  of  Feeling."    Died  7th  February  1870,  aged  90,  unmarried. 

MACKENZIE,  JAMES  HAY.  1st  March  1831. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  William  Mackenzie  ;  and  (2)  Eichard  Mackenzie. — Second  son 
of  Colin  Mackenzie  of  Portmore,  W.S.  Born  1810.  Died  16th  February  1865. 
Mar.  (1)  nth  April  1838,  Janet  Isabella,  eldest  daughter  of  James  Wedderbum, 
Advocate,  Solicitor-General  for  Scotland;  and  (2)  4th  March  1863,  Selina  Jane 
Norton,  widow  of  Donald  Hume  Macleod,  68th  Eegiment.  Keeper  of  Register 
of  Inhibitions,  etc.,  1844-65.     Deputy-Keeper  of  the  Great  Seal,  1858-65. 


LIST   OF  MEMBEES  133 

MACKENZIE,  JOHN,  of  Delvine.  [No  date]  1737. 

Apprentice  to  Hugh  Somerville. — Fourth  son  of  John  Mackenzie  of  Delvine. 

Died  14th  June  1778.    Mar.  Miss  Ronton  of  Lamerton.    Deputy-Keeper  of  the 

Signet,  1770-78.     Principal  Clerk  of  Session,  8th  March  1776. 
MACKENZIE,  JOHN,  of  Letterewk  15th  December  1825. 

Apprentice  to  William  Mackenzie  and  Alexander  Monypenny. — Eldest  son  of 

Alexander  Mackenzie  of  Letterewe,  Ross-shire.     Died  4th  January  1834,  aged  33, 

unmarried. 
MACKENZIE,  JOHN.  23d  June  1853. 

Apprentice  to,  and  son  of,  John  Whitefoord  Mackenzie,  W.S. — Born  3d  September 

1830. 

MACKENZIE,  JOHN.  18th  November  1861. 

Apprentice  to,  and  son  of,  John  Ord  Mackenzie  of  Dolphinton,  Lanarkshire,  W.S. 
— Bom  1st  March  1838.     Died  22d  August  1868,  unmarried. 

MACKENZIE,  JOHN  MANSFIELD.  18th  March  1869. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  Thomas  G.  Mackay  and  Alexander  Howe;  and  (2)  Colin 
Mackenzie. — Second  son  of  Alexander  Mackenzie  of  Meikle  Scatwell,  Ross-shire, 
W.S.     Bom  20th  January  1846. 

MACKENZIE,  JOHN  ORD,  of  Dolphinton.  26th  June  1832, 

Apprentice  to,  and  eldest  son  of,  Richard  Mackenzie  of  Dolphinton,  W.S. — Born 
18th  March  1811.  Mar.  (1)  25th  April  1833,  Margaret  Hope,  daughter  of  Sir 
Thomas  Kirkpatrick,  Bart.,  of  Closeburn,  Dumfriesshire ;  and  (2)  20th  January 
1881,  Joanna,  elder  daughter  of  William  Spens,  Manager  of  the  Scottish 
Amicable  Assurance  Company,  Glasgow. 

MACKENZIE,  JOHN  WHITEFOORD.  26th  May  1818. 

Apprentice  to  Francis  Napier. — Eldest  son  of  John  Mackenzie,  M.D.,  Edinburgh. 
Born  29th  August  1794.  Died  8th  November  1884.  Mar.  2d  October  1826, 
Jane  Campbell,  daughter  of  John  Gordon  of  Carleton,  Ayrshire,  W.S. 

MACKENZIE,  KENNETH.  21st  November  1777. 

Apprentice  to  John  Eraser. — Second  son  of  Kenneth  Mackenzie  of  Dundonnell, 
Ross-shire.     Died  1790. 

MACKENZIE,  KENNETH,  of  Inverinate.  29th  June  1786, 

Apprentice  to  Alexander  Mackenzie. — Son  of  John  Mackenzie  of  Brae.  Died 
20th  November  1820.  Mar.  27th  October  1787,  Ann,  second  daughter  of 
Thomas  Mackenzie  of  Applecross,  Ross-shire. 

MACKENZIE,  KENNETH.  15th  December  1825. 

Apprentice  to  Kenneth  and  Thomas  Mackenzie. — Second  son  of  Alexander 
Mackenzie  of  Hilton,  Ross-shire.  Bm-n  1798.  Died  in  Canada  19th  May  1874. 
Mar.  (!)  1831,  Anne  Urquhart,  Aberdeen;  and  (2)  26th  October  1853,  Elizabeth 
Charlotte  Jones, 


134  THE  SOCIETY  OF  WKITEES   TO   THE   SIGNET 

MACKENZIE,  RICHARD,  of  Dolphinton.  8th  March  1803. 

Apprentice  to  Kenneth  Mackenzie. — Son  of  John  Mackenzie  of  Dolphinton. 
Bom  2d  August  1780.  Died  22d  March  1850.  Mar.  3d  April  1810,  Jane,  daugh- 
ter of  Captain  John  Hamilton,  73d  Regiment.  Fiscal,  1820-24.  Treasurer, 
1824-28.     Joint  Deputy-Keeper  of  the  Signet,  1828-50. 

MACKENZIE,  ROBERT,  of  Salachary.  9th  July  1801. 

Apprentice  to  Kenneth  Mackenzie. — Son  of  William  Mackenzie,  "Writer  in  Inver- 
aray. Bom  1774.  Died  29th  March  1838.  Mar.  18th  May  1835,  Mary,  widow 
of  Duncan  Campbell  of  Duncholgine,  Argyllshire. 

MACKENZIE,  RODERICK.  23d  November  1819. 

Apprentice  to  .-Eneas  Macbean. — Son  of  George  Mackenzie  of  Inniklet.  Bom 
1793.  Disd  4th  January  1844.  Mar.  28th  October  1822,  Euphemia,  eldest 
daughter  of  Andrew  Johnston  of  Rennyhill,  Fifeshire. 

MACKENZIE,  THOMAS,  of  Applecross.  4th  March  1816. 

Apprentice  to,  and  eldest  son  of,  Kenneth  Mackenzie  of  Inverinate,  W.S. — Bom 
1793.  Died  9th  June  1856.  3Iar.  13th  May  1817,  Margaret,  daughter  of  George 
Mackenzie  of  Avoch,  Ross-shire.     M.P.  for  Ross  and  Cromarty,  1837-47. 

MACKENZIE,  THOMAS.  13th  November  1849. 

Apprentice  to  Arthur  Campbell. — Third  son  of  Thomas  Mackenzie,  W.S.  Bom 
28th  November  1822.    Died  11th  March  1884,  unmarried. 

MACKENZIE,  WILLIAM,  of  Muirton.  25th  February  1803. 

Apprentice  to  Colin  Mackenzie,  his  brother. — Seventh  son  of  Alexander  Mac- 
kenzie of  Portmore,  W.S.  5om  1st  October  1780.  Died  28th  April  1856.  Mar. 
(1)  6th  July  1809,  Mary,  eldest  daughter  of  James  Mansfield  of  Midmar;  and  (2) 
9th  April  1821,  Alice,  eldest  daughter  of  Andrew  Wauchope  of  Niddrie-Marischal, 
Mid-Lothian.     Keeper  of  the  Register  of  Homings,  etc.,  1829-39. 

MACKERSY,  LINDSAY.  15th  March  1860. 

Apprentice  to,  and  son  of,  William  Mackersy,  W.S. — Bom  10th  December  1831. 
Mar.  2d  August  1859,  Ann  Helena,  youngest  daughter  of  James  Charles  Stuart 
of  Erncrogo,  Kirkcudbrightshire. 

MACKERSY,  WILLIAM.  8th  July  1823. 

Apprentice  to  Charles  Tawse. — Son  of  the  Rev.  John  Mackersy,  D.D.,  Minister  of 
West  Calder.  Bom  1795.  Died  3d  October  1875.  Mar.  4th  August  1829, 
Elizabeth,  youngest  daughter  of  Robert  Walker  of  Sunny  Bank,  Fifeshire. 

MACKERSY,  WILLIAM  ROBERT.  17th  January  1888. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  Robert  Pringle;  and  (2)  George  Dunlop. — Son  of  Lindsay 
Mackersy,  W.S.  Born  1st  December  1863.  Mar.  10th  June  1890,  Mary  Luke, 
youngest  daughter  of  John  Bainbridge  Callum,  Edinburgh. 


LIST  OF  MEMBEES  135 

MACKINTOSH,  SIMON  FRASER.  15th  January  1819. 

Appreritice  to  Richard  Hotchkis. — Son  of  James  Mackintosh  of  Farr,  Invemess- 

shire.     Died  10th  September  1842,  aged  53,  unmarried. 
MACKINTOSH,  THOMAS.  12th  April  1887. 

Apprentice  to  John  William  Young  and  John  Blair. — Son  of  the  Rev.  Thomas 

Mackintosh,  Minister  of  St.  Cyrus.     Bom  12th  October  1863. 

MACKNIGHT,  JAMES,  of  Dalsraith.  5th  December  1833. 

Apprentice  to  James  and  Charles  Nairne. — Son  of  the  Rev.  Thomas  Macknight, 
D.D.,  Minister  of  Old  Church,  Edinburgh.  Barn  23d  September  1810.  Died  6th 
November  1878.  Mar.  28th  April  1842,  Helen,  third  daughter  of  Commander 
Hugh  Pearson,  E.N.,  of  Myrecaimie  and  Vellore.  Edited,  for  the  Abbotsford  and 
Maitland  Clubs,  Memoirs  of  Sir  Ewen  Cameron  of  Lodieil,  1848. 

MACKNIGHT,  SAMUEL.  7th  March  1786. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  John  Bell;  and  (2)  John  Tait. — Son  of  the  Rev.  James  Mac- 
knight, D.D.,  Minister  of  Lady  Yester's,  Edinburgh.    Died  24th  August  1807. 

MACLACHLAN,  GEORGE,  of  Maclachlan.  30th  November  1826. 

Apprentice  to  Robert  Mackenzie. — Son  of  Donald  Maclachlan  of  Maclachlan. 
5oTO  1803.     I)j«(Z  7th  August  1877.     ilfar.  Mary,  daughter  of  John  Thow. 

MACLACHLAN,  JOHN,  of  Maclachlan.  13th  April  1885. 

Apprentice  to  Frederick  Pitman. — Second  and  eldest  surviving  son  of  George 
Maclachlan  of  Maclachlan,  W.S.     Bom  3d  January  1859. 

MACLACHLAN,  ROBERT.  18th  October  1886. 

Apprentice  to  Colin  Mackenzie,  A.  D.  M.  Black  and  J.  M.  Mackenzie. — Third  son 
of  George  Maclachlan  of  Maclachlan,  W.S.  Born  20th  September  1860.  Mar.  25th 
April  1883,  Helen  Louisa,  daughter  of  Captain  Hale  Monro  of  Ingsdon,  Devon. 

M'LACHLAN,  WILLIAM  MACKAY.  20th  October  1885. 

Apprentice  to  William  Campbell  M'Ewen.— Son  of  the  Rev.  James  M'Lachlan, 
Minister  of  Inveravon,  Banffshire.    Born  19th  November  1861. 

MACLAEEN,  THOMAS  SHAW,  of  Shawfield.  15th  July  1874. 

Apprentice  to  William  Traquair. — Son  of  James  Maclaren  of  Dalnabrick,  Perth- 
shire. Born  7th  August  1841.  Mar.  25th  January  1883,  Isabella  Davidson,  elder 
daughter  of  John  Smith,  Banker  and  Solicitor,  Anstruther. 

M'LAREN,  LAURENCE.  14th  July  1890. 

Apprentice  to  John  Rutherford. — Son  of  John  M'Laren,  Merchant,  Edinburgh. 
Bom  23d  January  1865. 

MACLAEEN,  WILLIAM  ALEXANDER  20th  January  1875. 

Apprentice  to  Thomas  Spalding. — Son  of  Thomas  Maclaren,  S.S.C.  B(mi  4th 
May  1843.  Died  9th  April  1886.  Mar.  20th  March  1884,  Sarah  Louisa,  younger 
daughter  of  Benjamin  Liddell  of  Press  Castle,  Berwickshire. 


136  THE  SOCIETY  OF  WEITEES  TO  THE  SIGNET 

MACLAURIN,  JOHN.  10th  March  1825. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  Donald  Maclean ;  and  (2)  John  and  Walter  Ferrier. — Youngest 
son  of  John  Maclaurin,  residing  at  Lochfynehead.  Born  1799.  Died  20th  May 
1880.  Mar.  22d  December  1830,  Grace,  daughter  of  James  Wylie  of  Airlywight, 
Perthshire.  Sheriff-Substitute  at  Inveraray,  1834-60.  Author  of  a  Digest  of  tlie 
Sheriff's  Small  Debt  Act  for  ScotUmd,  1838,  and  other  works. 

MACLEAN,  ARCHIBALD.  17th  November  1836. 

Apprentice  to,  and  son  of,  Donald  Maclean,  W.S. — Born  13th  December  1810. 
Died  24th  September  1844,  unmarried. 

MACLEAN,  DONALD,  of  Drimnin.  26th  February  1796. 

Apprentice  to  Colquhoun  Grant. — Son  of  Allan  Maclean  of  Drimnin,  Argyllshire. 
Born  15th  January  1770.  Died  16th  March  1853.  Mar.  24th  April  1793, 
Lilias,  daughter  of  Colquhoun  Grant,  W.S.  Solicitor  to  Court  of  Exchequer, 
1822-37. 

MACLEAN,  FITZROY  JEFFERIES  GRAFTON.  4th  December  1845. 

Apprentice  to  John  Maclaurin. — Son  of  Donald  Maclean,  W.S.  Bmn  30th  August 
1813.     Died  20th  March  1858,  unmarried. 

M'LEAN,  HECTOR  FREDERICK.  22d  May  1845. 

Apprentice  to  Charles  Cuningham  and  Carlyle  Bell. — Third  son  of  John  M'liean 
of  Campbeltown.  Born  9th  November  1818.  Mar.  1st  June  1869,  Marsali, 
daughter  of  .^neas  Ranaldson  Macdonell  of  Glengarry. 

MACLEAN,  JOHN.  24th  January  1687. 

Apprentice  to  John  M'Farlane. — Died  April  1695. 

MACLEHOSE,  ANDREW  CRAIG.  1st  July  1808. 

Apprentice  to  Robert  Ainslie. — Son  of  James  Maclehose,  Attorney-at-Law  at 
Kingston,  Jamaica.  Born  1778.  I>i?<^  10th  April  1839.  ^ar.  2d  October  1809, 
Mary,  eldest  daughter  of  John  Goodrum  of  Shropham,  Norfolk. 

MACLEOD,  ALEXANDER.  15th  September  1704. 

Died  June  1706.  Mar.  Margaret,  eldest  daughter  of  William  Montgomery  of 
Macbiehill,  Peeblesshire.    Under-Keeper  of  the  Signet,  1704-5. 

MACLEOD,  RODERICK.  7th  March  1732. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  Ronald  Campbell;  and  (2)  John  Buchanan. — Second  son  of 
William  Macleod  of  Luskinder,  Invemess-shire.  Died  26th  June  1784.  3Iar.  (1) 
Isabel,  only  daughter  of  Hector  Bannatyne  of  Karnes,  Buteshire ;  and  (2)  Marjory, 
daughter  of  John  Tayloi-,  Writer  in  Edinburgh.  Father  of  Sir  William  Macleod 
Bannatyne,  one  of  the  Lords  of  Council  and  Session. 


LtST  OF  MEMBEKS  13t 

M'MILLAN,  ALEXANDER,  of  Dunmore.  13th  October  1726. 

Apprentice  to  John  Cunningham  of  Bandalloch.— I>ie(^  26th  July  1770.  Mar. 
(1)  Margaret  Campbell;  and  (2)  Jane  Campbell.  Deputy-Keeper  of  the  Signet, 
1726-1742  and  1746-1770. 

MACMILLAN,  ALEXANDER.  19th  June  1834. 

Apprentice  to  Thomas  Peat.— Son  of  Alexander  Macmillan,  Merchant  in  Campbel- 
town. Bmi  28th  June  1808.  Died  30th  June  1865.  Mar.  5th  July  1841,  Basil 
Hamilton,  second  daughter  of  Captain  Henry  Dundas  Beatson,  of  H.M.  Revenue 
cruiser  Swift. 

MACMILLAN,  ROBERT.  6th  March  1810. 

Apprentice  to  John  Syme. — Son  of  William  Macmillan,  Writer  in  Newton-Douglas. 
Barn  1779.     Died  19th  May  1831,  unmarried. 

MACMILLAN,  THOMAS.  17th  November  1816. ' 

Apprentice  to  David  Wemyss. — Son  of  Thomas  Macmillan  of  Shorthope,  Selkirk- 
shire.    Born  1789.     Died  10th  June  1838,  unmarried. 

MACNAB,  JOHN,  of  Newton.  4th  July  1783. 

Apprentice  to  John  Davidson. — Eldest  son  of  Archibald  Macnab  of  Newton  of 
Balquhidder.     Died  4th  August  1801. 

M'NEILL,  ARCHIBALD.  18th  June  1829. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  Robert  Sym;  and  (2)  John  Maclaurin. — Son  of  John  M'Neill 
of  Colonsay,  Argyllshire.  Bom  September  1803.  Died  2d  June  1870.  Mar. 
18th  July  1836,  Christina  Erskine,  daughter  of  Major  William  Mitchell,  of  the 
Royal  Bengal  Artillery.  Director  in  Chancery,  1843-58.  Principal  Clerk  of 
Session,  6th  July  1858  till  death.  Author  of  Notes  cm  tlie  Authenticity  of  the 
Poems  of  Ossian. 

MACNEILL,  EWEN  CAMERON.  3d  July  1828. 

Apprentice  to  John  and  Alexander  Smith. — Youngest  son  of  Roderick  Macneill 
of  Barra,  Inverness-shire.     Died  1847,  aged  42,  unmarried. 

MACNEIL,  HECTOR  ARCHIBALD.  25th  November  1830. 

Apprentice  to  Thomas  Cranston. — Son  of  Captain  Archibald  Macneil  of  the  75th 
Regiment,  and  3d  Royal  Veteran  Battalion.  Died  11th  April  1875.  Mar.  5th 
July  1842,  Louisa,  daughter  of  James  Sinclair  of  Forss,  Caithness. 

MACNEILLIE,  DAVID.  4th  July  1809. 

Apprentice  to  Alexander  Blair.— Son  of  John  Macneillie,  Marchiield,  Castle- 
Douglas.  Born  15th  July  1779.  Died  11th  April  1850.  Mar.  24th  May  1819, 
Mary,  daughter  of  John  Falconer,  Mains  of  Dalrulzian,  Perthshire. 

s 


138  THE  SOCIETY  OF  WEITEES  TO  THE  SIGNET 

MACONOCHIE,  ROBEET  BLAIE,  of  Gattonside.  23d  November  1837. 

Apprentice  to  Alexander  Monypenny. — Second  son  of  Alexander  Maconochie  of 
Meadowbank,  Mid-Lothian,  one  of  the  Senators  of  the  College  of  Justice.  Born 
2l8t  May  1814.  Died  4th  October  1883.  Mar.  6th  January  1846,  Charlotte 
Joanna,  daughter  of  John  Tod  of  Kirkhill,  Mid-Lothian. 

M'PHEESON,  JOHN.  26th  January  1671. 

Apprentice  to  John  Cuningham. — Son  of  Dougall  M'Pherson  of  Powrie.  Died 
November  1675.     Mar.  8th  October  1671,  Mary  Bruce. 

MACPHEESON,  JOHN  MOETON.  18th  October  1876. 

Apprentice  to  Thomas  Jarron  Gordon. — Son  of  Andrew  Macpherson,  Feuar  at 
Newmilns,  Ayrshire.  Bm-n  26th  May  1845.  Mar.  27th  December  1878,  Louisa, 
youngest  daughter  of  Joseph  Davies,  Kensington,  London. 

MACPHEESON,  "WILLIAM.  16th  February  1781. 

Apprentice  to  Thomas  Cockbura — Son  of  James  Macpherson,  Architect  at  Dean. 
Died  9th  May  1813,  unmarried. 

MACQUEEN,  HUGH.  9th  March  1814. 

Apprentice  to  Coll  Macdonald. — Second  son  of  Donald  Macqueen  of  Corrybrough, 
Inverness-shire.     Born  1791.    Died  11th  March  1836,  unmarried. 

MACEAE,  ANDEEW  MUEISON.  29th  June  1826. 

Apprentice  to  John  Morison. — Son  of  William  Gordon  Macrae.  Born  17th 
August  1800.  Died  at  Melbourne  24th  July  1847.  Mar.  25th  September  1830, 
Georgianna  Huntly,  daughter  of Gordon,  Gordon  Castle,  Banff. 

MACEAE,  COLIN  GEOEGE,  of  Wellbank.  16th  November  1871. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  John  Anthony  Macrae ;  and  (2)  John  Kennedy. — Son  of  John 
Anthony  Macrae,  W.S.  Bom  30th  November  1844.  Mar.  22d  June  1877, 
Flora  Maitland,  daughter  of  John  Colquhoun,  Author  of  Tlie  Moor  and  Loch. 

MACEAE,  HOEATIO  EOSS,  of  Clunes.  15th  October  1873. 

Apprentice  to  James  Mackenzie,  J.  B.  Innes,  and  John  and  C.  B.  Logan. — Son 
of  John  Anthony  Macrae,  W.S.  Born  5th  July  1846.  Mar.  27th  March  1884, 
Letitia  May,  fourth  daughter  of  Sir  William  Maxwell  of  Cardoness,  Bart. 

MACEAE,  JOHN  ANTHONY,  LL.D.  2d  July  1835. 

Apprentice  to  John  Bowie  and  William  B.  Campbell. — Son  of  Colin  Macrae  of 
Inverinate,  Eoss-shire.  Bom  1st  February  1812.  Died  23d  May  1868.  Mar. 
15th  July  1841,  Joanna  Isabella,  youngest  daughter  of  John  Maclean  of  Carriacou, 
Grenada. 

M'EITCHIE,  THOMAS  ELDER,  of  Craigton  and  Denork.  4th  March  1824. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  James  Little ;  and  (2)  John  Murray. — Eldest  son  of  John 
M'Eitchie  of  Denork,  Fifeshire.  Born  1800.  Died  29th  December  1878, 
unmarried. .,.,Vi  ./(tjialinUCl  k>  aijuriii  ,i^ui:;-  j-iii-i  ni   ,<,iei'^' 


LIST  OF  MEMBERS  189 

MACTAGGART,  SCIPIO  ALEXANDER.  19th  November  1835. 

Apprentice  to  Walter  Dickson  and  James  Steuart. — Son  of  Daniel  Mactaggart, 
Writer  in  Campbeltown.  Barn  15th  March  1812.  Died  25th  June  1886.  Mar. 
4th  November  1851,  Katherine,  daughter  of  Colonel  Hook,  Ceylon  Rifles. 
Sherifi"-Clerk  of  Argyllshire,  1837-86. 

MACTAVISH,  DUGALD.  9th  March  1813. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  James  Ferrier;  and  (2)  John  Ferrier. — Eldest  son  of  Lachlan 
Mactavish  of  Dunardry.  Bm-n  1780.  Died  1855.  Mar.  30th  April  1810, 
Letitia,  only  daughter  of  the  Rev.  William  Lockhart,  D.D.,  Glasgow.  Sheriff- 
Substitute  at  Campbeltown,  1823-48. 

MAITLAND,  AUGUSTUS.  16th  December  1824. 

Apprentice  to  Sir  James  Gibson-Craig.— Third  son  of  Sir  Alexander  Charles 
Gibson  Maitland  of  Clifton  Hall,  Bart.,  Mid-Lothian.  Bom  27th  March  1800. 
Died  26th  January  1855.  Mar.  1st  June  1843,  Elizabeth  Jane,  daughter  of  the 
Rev.  William  Page  Richards,  D.D.  ■• 

MAITLAND,  GEORGE  RAMSAY.  18th  July  1849. 

Apprentice  to  Augustus  Maitland. — Second  son  of  Alexander  Gibson  Maitland, 
yr.  of  Clifton  Hall,  Advocate.  Barn  19th  January  1821.  Died  24th  June  1866. 
Mar.  19th  September  1848,  Alice  Anne,  eldest  daughter  of  Josiah  Nisbet,  of  the 
East  India  Company's  Service. 

MAITLAND,  KEITH  RAMSAY.  20th  October  1890. 

Apprentice  to  T.  D.  Brodie. — Son  of  Colonel  Keith  Ramsay  Maitland,  79th  High- 
landers.    Born  13th  October  1865. 

MANNERS,  ALEXANDER.  ;  ir.  ;x^  16th  November  1819. 

Apprentice  to,  and  son  of,  Thomas  Manners,  W.S. — Died  1856,  aged  61.  Mar. 
15th  May  1820,  Barbara,  eldest  daughter  of  Stewart  Murray  Fullerton  of  that  Ilk. 

MANNERS,  THOMAS.  14th  July  1789. 

Apprentice  to  John  Tait.— Son  of  Alexander  Manners,  Merchant  in  Edinburgh. 

Died  8th  September   1826.      Mar.    18th    August   1791,   Juliana,   daughter  of 

Archibald  Hope.     Depute-Clerk  of  Session,  29th  November  1814  till  death. 
MANSON,  ANDREW.  27th  September  1630. 

Apprentice  to  Robert  Lauder. 

MANSON,  THOMAS.  17th  March  1797. 

Apprentice  to  David  Campbell. — Son  of  John  Manson,  Merchant,  Tain.  Died 
21st  July  1815.     Mar. 

MARJORIBANKS,  ANDREW,  of  that  Ilk.  :-   . .      r     loth  December  1702. 

Apprentice  to  James  Hay  of  Carriber. — Eldest  son  of  Thomas  Marjoribanks  of 
that  Ilk.  Died  13th  April  1742.  Mar.  1700,  Christian,  daughter  of  James  Hay 
of  Carriber,  Linlithgowshire.    Commissary  of  Edinburgh. 


140  THE   SOCIETY   OF  WEITERS  TO   THE  SIGNET 

MAEJORIBANKS,  ANDREW,  of  that  Ilk.  20th  March  1739. 

Apprentice  to  Archibald  Campbell. — Eldest  son  of  Andrew  Marjoribanks  of  that 
Ilk,  W.S.  Died  20th  February  1766.  Mar.  (1)  1744,  Mary  Chalmers ;  and  (2) 
February  1755,  Jean,  daughter  of  Thomas  Boyes,  Depute-Clerk  of  Session. 

MARSHALL,  ARCHIBALD.  2d  June  1663. 

Apprentice  to  Hugh  Paterson. — Mar.  Barbara  Hamilton. 

MARSHALL,  JAMES.  29th  June  1759. 

Apprentice  to  David  Spens. — Eldest  son  of  John  Marshall,  "Writer  in  Strathaven. 
Born  1731.  Died  23d  May  1807.  Mar.  April  1761,  Janet,  daughter  of  David 
Spens,  W.S.     Fiscal,  1796-1807. 

MARSHALL,  JOHN.  7th  July  1680. 

Apprentice  to  Andrew  Aikman. — Mar.  Marion  Morton. 

MARSHALL,  ROBERT.  6th  December  1799. 

Apprentice  to  James  Walker. — Eldest  son  of  Robert  Marshall,  Merchant  in 

Glasgow.  Died  27th  September  1823.  Mar.  29th  October  1819,  Jane  Cochran, 
"  late  wife"  of  Captain  Shirley. 

MARSHALL,  ROBERT  DOWLING  C ALDER.  17th  March  1890. 

Apprentice  to  Colin  G.  Macrae. — Son  of  John  Dalrymple  Marshall,  Edinburgh. 
Bam  25th  August  1866. 

MARSHALL,  THOMAS  ROGER.  5th  October  1873. 

Apprentice  to  Alexander  Hamilton  and  George  T.  Kinnear. — Son  of  John 
Marshall,  M.D.     Bmi  26th  June  1849. 

MARSHALL,  WILLIAM,  of  Callander.  1st  July  1830. 

Apprentice  to  Robert  Macmillan. — Son  of  William  Marshall,  Merchant  in  Edin- 
burgh ;  and  Agnes,  sister  and  co-heiress  of  George  Hunter  of  Callander.  Bwn 
4th  April  1806.  Died  18th  November  1851.  Mar.  29th  July  1845,  Isabella, 
eldest  daughter  of  Hugh  Auld,  Cashier  of  the  Commercial  Bank  of  Scotland. 

MARSHALL,  WILLIAM  HUNTER,  of  Callander.        -  15th  July  1874. 

Apprentice  to  Patrick  Blair.— Eldest  son  of  William  Marshall  of  Callander,  W.S. 
Bcyrn  6th  June  1846. 

MARTIN,  FRANCIS  JOHN.  19th  April  1876. 

Apprentice  to,  and  son  of,  John  Martin,  W.S. — Bom  19th  March  1853.  Mar. 
14th  April  1886,  Jessie  Agnes  Helen,  eldest  daughter  of  Robert  Barclay,  Glasgow. 

MARTIN,  JOHN.  6th  March  1834. 

Apprentice  to  Charles  James  Fox  Orr. — Son  of  Francis  Martin  of  Davieland, 
Dean  of  the  Faculty  of  Procurators  in  Paisley.  Born  23d  July  1811.  Mar.  22d 
October  1850,  Mary,  eldest  daughter  of  Charles  James  Fox  Orr  of  Thomly  Park, 
Renfrewshire,  W.S.    Principal  Clerk  of  Session,  1880. 


LIST   OF   MEMBERS  ^'"'^  141 

MARTIN,  WILLIAM  ALEXANDER.  21st  May  1806. 

Apprentice  to  Archibald  Swinton. — Eldest  son  of  Peter  Martin,  Cabinet-Maker  in 
Edinburgh.  Barn  1780.  Died  26th  September  1828.  Mar.  3d  October  1806, 
Margaret,  daughter  of  John  Davie  of  G-avieside. 

MARWICK,  DAVID  WILLIAM,  LL.B.  13th  July  1885. 

Apprentice  to  Peter  Gardner. — Son  of  Sir  James  David  Mar  wick,  LL.D., 
Town-Clerk  of  Glasgow.     Bmi  4th  July  1860. 

MASTERTON,  CHARLES,  of  Parkmill.  Febraary  1709. 

Apprentice  to  Charles  Row. — Eldest  son  of  Francis  Masterton  of  Parkmill,  Clack- 
mannanshire. Died  about  1747.  Mar.  Mary,  daughter  of  John  Kiery  of  Gogar, 
Perthshire.     Substitute-Keeper,  1708-9  and  1713-14. 

MATHESON,  ALEXANDER.  14th  July  1879. 

Apprentice  to  James  Barker  Duncan. — Third  surviving  son  of  Alexander 
Matheson,  Merchant  in  Edinburgh.     Bom  15th  March  1855. 

MAULE,  DAVID.  27th  September  1714. 

Sixth  son  of  John  Maule,  son  of  George  Maule  of  Cairncorthie.  Died  20th 
January  1744.    Substitute-Keeper  and  Clerk,  1713-14. 

MAULE,  HARRY.  4th  April  1707. 

Apprentice  to  Robert  Innes. — Third  son  of  John  Maule,  son  of  George  Maule  of 
Cairncorthie.  Died  4th  December  1734.  Mar.  September  1705,  Margaret, 
daughter  of  Major  John  Neilson.     Deputy-Keeper  of  the  Signet,  1713-14. 

MAULE,  JAMES.  10th  March  1789. 

Apprentice  to  William  Leslie. — Son  of  John  Maule,  Writer  in  Stonehaven.  Died 
nth  April  1805. 

MAWER,  WALTER. 

Commissioner,  16th  December  1594.  Son  of  William  Mawer.  Mar.  Margaret 
Hervie.  ^  ^m. 

MAXWELL,  .GEORGE.  3d  June  1824. 

Apprentice  to  Alexander  Hunter. — Son  of  George  Maxwell,  Prior's  Lynn, 
Dumfriesshire.  Bwn  1797.  Died  10th  December  1879.  Mar.  16th  April  1857, 
Jane,  daughter  of  Andrew  Wishart,  Contractor. 

MAXWELL,  HAMILTON.  14th  April  1884. 

Apprentice  to  J.  R.  M'L.  Wedderburn  and  G.  G.  Watson. — Younger  son  of 
Colonel  James  Maxwell,  C.B.,  of  the  1st  West  India  Regiment.  Born  6th  January 
1861. 

MAXWELL,  JOHN  HERRIES,  of  Munches.  27th  November  1807. 

Apprentice  to  Hugh  Corrie. — Eldest  son  of  Wellwood  Maxwell  of  Barncleugh, 
Kirkcudbrightshire.  Born  1783.  Died  1st  March  1843.  Mar.  1813,  Clementina, 
daughter  of  William  Maxwell,  East  Blackshaw,  Caerlaverock.   "'"   "' 


14«  THE  SOCIETY  OF  WKITERS  TO  THE  SIGNET 

MAXWELL,  PATRICK.  14th  September  1631.  .4 

Apprentice  to  Andrew  Nimmo. 

MEGGET,  THOMAS.  6th  December  1804. 

Apprentice  to  James  Buchan. — Son  of  John  Megget,  Tanner  in  Edinburgh.  Died 
19th  February  1864,  aged  82.  Mar.  4th  August  1810,  Jane  Bell,  daughter  of  the 
Rev,  Thomas  Murray,  Minister  of  Channelkirk. 

MEIK,  HENRY  HUNTER.  13th  July  1885. 

J         Apprentice  to  James  Hope  and  John  Kirk. — Son  of  Thomas  Meik,  Civil  Engineer, 
Edinburgh.    Bam  13th  August  1860. 

MEIK,  JOHN,  OF  FoRTissAT.  9th  March  1791. 

Apprentice  to  James  Home. — Eldest  son  of  William  Meik  of  Fortissat,  Lanark- 
shire.   Died  20th  January  1845,  aged  76,  unmarried. 

MEIKLEJOHN,  JOHN.  7th  June  1821.   ' 

Apprentice  to  Richard  Hotchkis  and  James  Tytler. — Only  son  of  William  Meikle- 
john,  Torrie.  Bom  1786.  Died  29th  April  1851.  Mar.  (1)  18th  November  1822, 
Catherine,  youngest  daughter  of  Alexander  M'Callum,  Plewlands ;  and  (2)  Marian 
Hutton.     Fiscal  to  Lyon  Court,  1837-51. 

MEIN,  JOHN.  19th  March  1723. 

.'.        Apprentice  to  Patrick  Pitcairn.     Z'ie^^  3d  January  1729.  A 

MELDRUM,  DAVID  BAYNE.  26th  January  1854. 

Apprentice  to  J.  M.  Melville,  J.  F.  Walker  Drummond,  and  James  Lindesay. 

— Eldest  son  of  Alexander  Meldrum  of  Easter  Kincaple,  Fifeshire,  Advocate. 
.(!         Bom  7th  August  1829. 
'MELVILLE,  ARCHIBALD.  30th  May  1844. 

Apprentice  to  John  Glassford  Hopkirk. — Son  of  Robert  Melville,  residing  in 

Falkirk.    Born  2d  September  1804.     Died  21st  March  1884.     Mar.  14th  May 

1875,  Margaret  Watson. 

MELVILLE,  DANIEL. 

Died  June  1651.    Ma/r.  26th  December  1615,  Beatrix  Edmonstone. 

MELVILLE,  JAMES  MONCRIEFF,  of  Hanley.  15th  May  1817. 

Apprentice  to  Walter  Dickson. — Son  of  Dr.  Thomas  Moncrieflf  Melville,  Physician 
in  St.  Andrews.  Born  28th  September  1793.  Died  28th  September  1872.  Mar. 
(1)  19th  August  1832,  Augusta,  youngest  daughter  of  Vice-Admiral  Lechmere,  of 
Steeple  Aston,  Oxfordshire;  and  (2)  18th  October  1839,  Margaret,  third  daughter 
of  David  Aytoun  Lindsay  of  Wormiston,  Fifeshire. 

MELVILLE,  SiK  JOHN,  Knight.  6th  December  1827. 

Apprentice  to  Alexander  Manners. — Son  of  George  Melville,  residing  at  Newing- 
ton,  Edinburgh.  Bam  1803.  Died  5th  May  1860.  Mar.  19th  June  1838,  Jane, 
daughter  of  William  Marshall,  Edinburgh.  Lord  Provost  of  Edinburgh,  1854-59. 
Knighted,  1859.    Crown  Agent,  1860. 


LIST  OF  MEMBEES  im 

MENTEATH,  ALEXANDER  STEUART.  '      •    10th  July  1834. 

Apprentice  to  John  Donaldson. — Son  of  Sir  Charles  Granville  Steuart  Menteath, 
Bart,  of  Closeburn,  Dumfriesshire.  £m-n  10th  March  1809.  Died  11th  August 
1885.  Mar.  5th  August  1841,  Harriet,  youngest  daughter  of  Major-General 
Patrick  Agnew  of  Lochnaw,  and  Authoress  of  several  poems. 

MENZIES,  ALAN  LOCKHART.  13th  April  1886. 

Apprentice  to  Ralph  and  W.  J.  Dundas,  and  G.  M.  Paul. — Son  of  William  John 
Menzies,  W.S.  Bm-n  2d  April  1861.  Mar.  10th  June  1890,  Katherine  Helen, 
youngest  daughter  of  Henry  Bruce  of  Ederline. 

MENZIES,  ALEXANDER,  of  Chesthill.  25th  June  1770. 

Apprentice  to  Robert  Menzies. — Eldest  son  of  John  Menzies  in  Culivulin,  Ran- 
noch.  Died  suddenly,  9th  June  1804.  Mar.  5th  November  1772,  Eleanor 
Hamilton,  daughter  of  James  Menzies  of  Culdares,  Perthshire.  Principal  Clerk 
of  Session,  10th  December  1778  till  death. 

MENZIES,  ALLAN.  17th  December  1829. 

Apprentice  to  Richard  Mackenzie  and  William  Sharpe. — Son  of  the  Rev.  William 
Menzies,  Minister  of  Lanark.  Born  1805.  Died  13th  February  1856.  Mar.  2d 
August  1833,  Helen,  daughter  of  Alexander  Cowan,  Moray  House,  Edinburgh. 
Professor  of  Conveyancing  in  the  University  of  Edinburgh,  1847-56.  Author  of 
Conveyancing  according  to  the  Law  of  Scotland,  1856,  and  other  legal  works. 

MENZIES,  ARCHIBALD.  7th  August  1661.., , 

Apprentice  to  John  Semple.  .sifPL-)/.  J-s 

MENZIES,  CHARLES,  dF  Kinmxjndy.  15th  March  1697. 

Apprentice  to  William  Dykes. — Died  August  1764. 

MENZIES,  JAMES.  4th  December  1685. 

Apprentice  to  Andrew  Young. — Mar.  Christian  Scott. 

MENZIES,  JAMES,  of  Pitnacree.  11th  June  1829. 

Apprentice  to  John  Forman.— Eldest  son  of  Archibald  Menzies  of  Pitnacree, 
Perthshire.  Died  3d  April  1849,  aged  42.  Mar.  July  1833,  Maria  Elizabeth, 
eldest  daughter  of  Edward  Menzies  of  Paradise  Pen,  Kingston,  Jamaica. 

MENZIES,  ROBERT,  of  Culteralleks.  3d  August  1742. 

Apprentice  to  James  Baillie. — Eldest  son  of  John  Menzies,  M.D.  Died  28th 
August  1769.  Mar.  December  1749,  Mai-garet,  daughter  of  the  Rev.  John 
Thomson,  Minister  of  West  Liberton. 

MENZIES,  ROBERT,  of  Bolfracks.  23d  November  1795. 

Apprentice  to  John  Graeme. — Eldest  son  of  Robert  Menzies,  Chamberlain  to 
Sir  John  Menzies  of  that  Ilk.  Died  22d  January  1838,  aged  72,  unmarried. 
Depute-Clerk  of  Session,  19th  January  1802  till  death. ..  „,,<^  ,tu,  ,,  ,^,, 


'l*!  THE  SOCIETY  OF  WRITEES  TO  THE  SIGNET 

MENZIES,  WILLIAM,  of  Raw.  6th  August  1675. 

Apprentice  to  William  Chieslie. — Son  of  Captain  William  Menzies  of  Castlehill, 
Lanarkshire.    Died  2d  September  1721.     Joint  Fiscal,  1702-3. 

MENZIES,  WILLIAM  JOHN.  25th  November  1858. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  Allan  Menzies;  and  (2)  John  Dundas  and  William  Wilson. — 
^''  '  Son  of  Allan  Menzies,  W.S.  Bm-n  14th  October  1834.  Mar.  (1)  12th  July  1859, 
Helen,  daughter  of  Alexander  Adie  and  widow  of  James  Marshall  of  Callander ; 
(2)  28th  July  1870,  Ellen,  youngest  daughter  of  William  Young  and  widow  of 
William  Tweedie;  and  (3)  14th  October  1879,  Annie  Percival,  eldest  daughter  of 
''"•'  Captain  J.  A.  Drought,  Whigsborough,  Bang's  County,  and  widow  of  T.  S.  Jones, 
of  the  National  Bank  of  India,  Bombay. 

MERCER,  HUGH  SMITH.  25th  June  1790. 

Apprentice  to  John  Innes. — Son  of  Alexander  Mercer,  Merchant  in  Edinburgh. 
Died  15th  October  1803.  Mar.  (1)  Euphemia,  daughter  of  Archibald  Nisbet  of 
Carphin;  (2)  16th  January  1792,  Magdalene  Wilson  of  Blackleymill. 

MERCER,  ROBERT,  or  Scotsbank.  5th  July  1821. 

Apprentice  to  William  Scott. — Son  of  James  Mercer  of  Scotsbank,  Selkirkshire, 
Writer  in  Edinburgh.  Born  1796.  Died  3d  November  1875.  Mar.  27th  October 
1825,  Elizabeth  Scott,  daughter  of  William  Scott  Moncrieff  of  Fossoway,  Perthshire. 

MERCER,  WILLLAM.  21st  December  1820. 

Apprentice  to  Robert  Ainslie. — Son  of  Hugh  Smith  Mercer,  W.S.     Died  24th 
rv>)f    February  1853.    Mar.  22nd  October  1821,  Catherine,  eldest  daughter  of  Robert 
Maxwell,  Paisley. 

METHUEN,  JAMES.  17th  March  1890. 

Apprentice  to  Alexander  Paterson  Purves. — Eldest  son  of  James  Methuen, 
Merchant,  Leith.     Bam  22d  May  1862. 

MILLER,  ALEXANDER  6th  December  1827. 

Apprentice  to  Donald  Home. — Son  of  James  Miller,  Merchant  in  Leith.  Born 
1605.  Died  26th  July  1864.  Mar.  (1)  11th  April  1828,  Margaret,  daughter  of 
James  Cornwall,  Commissioner  of  Excise;  and  (2)  10th  January  1850,  Alex- 
andrina  Thompson. 

MILLER,  ANDREW.  5th  July  1814. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  Richard  Lake;  (2)  John  Campbell. — Son  of  James  Miller, 
Glover  in  Edinburgh.  Died  27th  January  1831.  Mar.  Grace  Hogg.  Depute- 
Clerk  of  the  Bills,  1801-31. 

MILLER,  ARCHIBALD. 

Signs  the  Acts  1594. 


LIST  or   MEMBEKS  145 

MILLER,  ARCHIBALD,  of  Glenavon.  9fch  March  1791. 

Apprentice  to  Laurence  Hill. — Sou  of  John  Miller,  Advocate,  Professor  of  Law 
in  the  University  of  Glasgow.     Died  21st  February  1823. 

MILLER,  CHARLES  HAGART.  24th  November  1831. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  David  Ramsay;  and  (2)  John  Donaldson. — Youngest  son  of 
James  Miller  of  Milton.  Bmi  16th  September  1806.  Died  4th  January  1846, 
unmarried. 

MILLER,  CUTHBERT. 

Died  31st  October  1631.     Mar.  7th  February  1622,  Margaret  Loyes. 

MILLER,  GEORGE  ANDERSON.  18th  October  1876. 

Apprentice  to  J.  M.  Lindsay,  Alexander  Howe,  and  William  Macgillivray. — Son  of 
James  Dick  Miller,  Solicitor  in  Perth.  Bom  20th  September  1853.  Mm:  21st 
June  1888,  Margaret  Barclay,  elder  daughter  of  Isaac  Wallace,  M.D.,  Perth. 

MILLER,  HUGH.  15th  July  1889. 

Apprentice  to  Sir  J.  Gillespie  and  Thomas  Paterson. — Son  of  John  Miller, 
Glenluce.     Bm-n  23d  June  1867. 

MILLER,  JOHN  ALEXANDER  STEVENSON.  16th  July  1888. 

Apprentice  to  George  Dunlop. — Son  of  John  Miller,  Edinburgh.  Born  20th 
October  1854.  Mm.  10th  September  1878,  Dora,  second  daughter  of  Thomas 
Shillinglaw,  Chief  Clerk,  Crown  Office,  Edinburgh. 

MILLER,  JOHN  CHARLES  STRETTELL.  18th  January  1886. 

Apprentice  to  Hugh  Auld  and  James  Macdonald. — Son  of  Captain  John  Miller  of 
the  P.  and  0.  Service.  Born  22d  February  1858.  Mar.  5th  June  1890,  Anna 
Eliza,  elder  daughter  of  William  Dent  Robinson  of  Temple  Sowerby,  Westmoreland. 

MILLER,  JOHN.  18th  July  1634. 

Apprentice  to  Robert  Kirkwod. — Died  1645. 

MILLER,  JOHN,  of  Stewartfield.  4th  March  1816. 

Apprentice  to  Hugh  Warrender. — Third  son  of  Sir  William  Miller  of  Glenlee, 
Bart.  Bm-n  28th  December  1789.  Died  24th  September  1863.  Mar.  15th  March 
1828,  Mary,  eldest  daughter  of  Nicolas  Sutherland. 

MILLER,  ROBERT  SCHAW.  16th  January  1888. 

Apprentice  to  Charles  Morton  and  John  Neilson. — Son  of  Robert  Schaw  Miller, 
sometime  residing  in  Alloa,  afterwards  in  Montreal,  Canada.  Bwn  3d  March 
1863.  Mar.  29th  August  1889,  Jane  Caroline,  only  daughter  of  Alexander 
Grant,  Hamilton. 

MILLER,  WILLIAM,  of  Glenlee  and  Barskimming.  15th  July  1719. 

Apprentice  to  Robert  Wallace  of  Holmston.— Second  son  of  Mathew  Miller  of 
Glenlee,  Kirkcudbrightshire.  Died  16th  September  1753.  Mar.  Janet,  eldest 
daughter  of  Thomas  Hamilton.     Father  of  Sir  Thomas  Miller,  Lord  President. 

.  ^\  .:  I    J. 

T 


14«  THE  SOCIETY  OF  WEITERS   TO  THE  SIGNET 

MILLIE,  JOHN.  27th  February  1823. 

Apprentice  to  John  Forman. — Youngest  son  of  John  Millie  of  Bridgend.  Died 
1849,  aged  54,  unmarried. 

MILLIGAN,  JOHN.  25th  March  1869. 

Apprentice  to  Alexander  Forsyth  Adam.— Son  of  James  Milligan,  S.S.C,  Assis- 
tant Clerk  and  Extractor  of  the  Signet.  Bm-n  13th  October  1846.  Mar.  8th 
September  1880,  Mary,  eldest  surviving  daughter  of  Alexander  Waugh,  Solicitor, 
Newton-Stewart.  Assistant  Clerk  and  Extractor,  1876-85.  Substitute-Keeper  of 
the  Signet,  19th  August  1885. 

MILN,  ALEXANDER  HAY,  of  Woodhill.  10th  June  1841. 

Apprentice  to  Andrew  Storie. — Eldest  son  of  James  Miln  of  Woodhill.  B(mi 
19th  July  1817.  Died  5th  Febfuary  1877.  Mar.  15th  September  1859,  Sarah 
Isabella,  eldest  daughter  of  James  Mackintosh  of  Lamancha,  Peeblesshire. 

MILN,  CHARLES.  4th  January  1699. 

Apprentice  to  William  Dykes. — Died  4th  May  1750.  Mar.  January  1736,  Helen, 
daughter  of  Alexander  Nisbet,  Farmer,  Oldhamstocks. 

MILN,  ARCHIBALD,  of  Chapeltown.  21st  June  1787. 

Apprentice  to  LachlanDuif. — Elder  son  of  Alexander  Milne  of  Chapeltown,  Elgin- 
shire.    Died  2d  October  1812. 

MILNES,  KEITH.  28th  January  1799. 

Apprentice  to  George  Robinson. — Eldest  son  of  the  Rev.  James  Milnes,  Minister 
of  Sandwich,  Kent.     Died  21st  Augiist  1857. 

MILROY,  ANDREW.  21st  December  1832. 

Apprentice  to  Walter  Cook. — Eldest  son  of  Andrew  Milroy,  Jeweller  in  Edin- 
burgh. Bwn  6th  May  1803.  Died  25th  July  1867.  Mar.  1st  November  1842, 
Susannah,  second  daughter  of  Joseph  Nixon,  Edinburgh.  Manager  of  the  Bank 
of  British  North  America  at  St.  John's,  Newfoundland. 

MIRTLE,  JOHN,  of  Gracemount.  25th  June  1829. 

Apprentice  to  Charles  and  Andrew  Tawse. — Eldest  son  of  William  Mirtle  at  Boon, 
Berwickshire.     Bom  1803.    Died  9th  February  1835,  unmarried. 

MITCHELL,  ALEXANDER,  of  Craigend.  3d  March  1712. 

Apprentice  to  Charles  Bell. — Son  of  John  Mitchell  of  Craigend,  Stirlingshire. 
Barn  about  1678.  Died  December  1738.  Mar.  24th  April  1713,  Alison,  daughter 
of  Alexander  Livingstone  of  Parkhall,  Stirlingshire. 

MITCHELL,  ALEXANDER.  16th  July  1858. 

Apprentice  to  Graham  Binny. — Son  of  Alexander  Mitchell  of  the  Exchequer, 
Edinburgh.     Born  August  1833. 


LIST  OF  MEMBERS  147 

MITCHELL,  DAVID.  11th  December  1810. 

Apprentice  to  John  Graeme. — Son  of  Thomas  Mitchell,  Tailor  ou  the  estate  of 
Airlie.     Diefi  1st  August  1815. 

MITCHELL,  JAMES  LAIDLAW.  7th  July  1820. 

Apprentice  to  James  Laidlaw. — Son  of  John  Mitchell,  Merchant  in  Edinburgh. 
Died  18th  October  1852,  aged  62,  unmarried. 

MITCHELL,  JOSEPH.  26th  May  1825. 

Apprentice  to  William  Eraser. — Son  of  Joseph  Mitchell,  Farmer  at  Whitestanes, 
Dumfriesshire.     Died  22d  April  1858,  aged  56,  unmarried. 

MITCHELL,  WILLIAM.  28th  October  1889. 

Apprentice  to  Charles  Baxter. — Son  of  William  Mitchell,  S.S.C.  Born  16th 
July  1863. 

MITCHELSON,  SAMUEL.  12th  March  1736. 

Apprentice  to  Alexander  Stevenson  of  Montgreenan. — Third  son  of  John 
Mitchelson  of  Middleton,  Mid-Lothian,  Advocate.  Died  21st  January  1788. 
Mar.  October  1753,  Jean,  daughter  of  John  Oliver  of  Dinleybyre,  Roxburgh- 
shire.    Fiscal,  1754-55;  Treasurer,  1755-88. 

MITCHELSON,  SAMUEL,  of  Clermiston.  16th  December  1760. 

Apprentice  to  Samuel  Mitchelson. — Son  of  James  Mitchelson,  Jeweller  in  Edin- 
burgh. Died  8th  December  1793.  Mar.  March  1763,  Katherine,  daughter  of 
Alexander  Birnie  of  Broomhall,  Lanarkshire.  Princii)al  Clerk  of  Session,  16th 
June  1789,  till  death. 

MOIR,  JOHN,  OF  HiLLFOOT.  20th  June  1769. 

Apprentice  to  David  Campbell. — Only  son  of  James  Moir,  Writer  in  Stirling. 
Died  November  1802.  Mar.  Elizabeth,  daughter  of  the  Rev.  Daniel  Macqueen, 
Minister  of  St.  Giles',  Edinburgh. 

MOIR,  JOHN,  OF  HiLLFOOT.  17th  March  1797. 

Apprentice  to,  and  son  of,  John  Moir,  W.S. — Born  1769.  Died  through  bursting 
a  blood-vessel,  22d  December  1804.     Mar.  Mary  Bell  Gray. 

MOIR,  ROBERT.  17th  May  1799. 

Apprentice  to  David  Balfour. — Fourth  son  of  John  Moir,  Merchant  in  Edinburgh. 
Born  1769.     Died  17th  August  1805. 

MOLLE  OR  MOW,  WILLIAM,  of  Mains.  7th  March  1788. 

Apprentice  to  Thomas  Cockbum. — Second  son  of  John  Mow  of  Mains,  Berwick- 
shire. Born  1765.  Died  20th  March  1840.  Mar.  Agnes  Adam,  niece  of  William 
Preston  of  Gorten.     Assumed  name  of  Molle,  1789.  ,  , . 


il8  THE   SOCIETY   OF  WEITEES   TO  THE  SIGNET 

MONCREIFF,  HENRY.  8th  June  1804. 

Apprentice  to  Alexander  Duncan. — Third  son  of  Rev.  Sir  Henry  MoncreifF  Well- 
wood,  Bart.,  of  TuUibole,  Kinross-shire.  Died  16th  April  1817.  Mar.  31st  July 
1809,  Charlotte,  daughter  of  Hugh  James  Paterson  Eollo  of  Bannockbum. 

MONCREIFF,  Hon.  JAMES  WILLIAM.  30th  March  1871. 

Apprentice  to  John  M.  Lindsay  and  Alexander  Howe. — Third  son  of  the  Right 
Hon.  James,  Baron  Moncreiff  of  Tullibole,  Lord  Justice-Clerk.  Born  16th  Sep- 
tember 1845.  Mar.  19th  March  1872,  Mary  Lillias,  eldest  daughter  of  George 
Mitchell  Innes  of  Bangour,  Linlithgowshire.  Substitute-Keeper  of  the  Signet, 
1876-1885. 

MONCREIFF,  JOHN,  OF  MoENEPE A.  11th  December  1690. 

Apprentice  to  John  Bayne  of  Pitcarlie. — Died  July  1 697.    Mar.  Jean  Leslie. 

MONCRIEFF,  ALEXANDER.  11th  July  1837. 

Apprentice  to  John  Ker  and  Henry  G.  Dickson. — Eldest  son  of  Robert  Hope 
Moncrieff,  Writer  in  Perth.  Born  15th  June  1815.  Died  15th  March  1886. 
Mar.  15th  November  1843,  Euphemia  Dick,  daughter  of  General  Cunningham  of 
Newton,  Perthshire. 

MONCRIEFF,  DAVID  SCOTT.  16th  December  1854. 

Apprentice  to  John  Gibson,  Junr. — Fourth  son  of  Robert  Scott  Moncrieff  of  Fosso- 
way,  Perthshire.  Born  13th  June  1829.  Mar.  (1)  8th  August  1860,  Elizabeth, 
daughter  of  Robert  Sym  Wilson,  W.S.,  a  brother  of  Professor  John  Wilson ;  and 
(2)  22d  October  1872,  Margaret  Fisher,  daughter  of  George  William  Campbell, 
M.D.,  of  Peaton,  Dumbartonshire,  Professor  of  Surgery,  Makgill  College,  Montreal. 

MONCRIEFF,  ROBERT  HOPE.  14th  March  1872. 

Apprentice  to  Thomas  Graham  Murray. — Son  of  Alexander  Moncrieff,  W.S. 
Barn  23d  November  1849.  Mar.  12th  October  1886,  Margaret,  daughter  of  Rev. 
John  Anderson,  D.D.,  Minister  of  KinnouU. 

MONCRIEFF,  ROBERT  SCOTT.  15th  July  1886.  ' 

Apprentice  to  D.  S.  Moncrieff  and  John  A.  Trail. — Son  of  David  Scott  Moncrieff, 
W.S.    B<m  11th  April  1862. 

MONILAWS,  ALEXANDER  GEORGE.  14th  November  1851.  '• 

Apprentice  to  Alexander  and  Christopher  Douglas. — Eldest  son  of  the  Rev.  James 
Monilaws,  Minister  of  Annan.  Bom  Ist  April  1828.  Died  15th  February  1858, 
unmarried.  .  ^ 

MONRO,  DAVID,  OF  Allan.  18th  July  1731. 

Apprentice  to  John  Steuart. — Son  of  David  Monro  of  Allan,  Ross-shire.  Died 
6th  December  1767,  unmarried. ,     > 


LIST   OF  MEMBEES  149 

MONRO,  HECTOR.  26th  May  1864. 

Apprentice  to  George  Greig. — Son  of  James  Monro,  Writer  in  Kinross.  Born 
21st  March  1839.  Mar.  June  1873,  Isabella  Simpson,  widow  of  Robert  Baird  of 
Limerigg. 

MONRO,  HUGH.  20th  NOTember  1671. 

Apprentice  to  James  Peter. — Died  before  1692. 

MONRO,  JOHN.  29th  December  1683. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  James  Carnegie;  and  (2)  Alexander  Ord. — Mar.  (1)  18th 
April  1672,  Margaret  Clunas;  and  (2)  Susan  Leirmont. 

MONTGOMERIE,  JOHN,  of  Wrae.  23d  December  1687. 

Apprentice  to  John  Muir. — Fifth  son  of  George  Montgomerie  of  Broomlands. 
Died  nth  March  1725,  aged  62.  Mar.  (1)  2d  February  1689,  Penelope  Barclay  ; 
and  (2)  September  1696,  Janet,  daughter  of  Thomas  Gray,  Merchant,  Edinburgh. 
M.P.  Linlithgowshire,  1704-7. 

MONTGOMERY,  WILLIAM.  10th  March  1806. 

Apprentice  to  Alexander  Blair. — Second  son  of  William  Montgomery,  Wigmaker 
in  Edinburgh.    Died  22d  September  1809. 

MONTGOMERY,  WILLIAM.  19th  February  1852. 

Apprentice  to  Walter  Jollie. — Third  son  of  Robert  Montgomery,  Barrister-at-Law, 
residing  in  Edinburgh.  Born  20th  March  1822.  Died  2d  March  1888.  Mar. 
21st  August  1860,  Elizabeth  Maxwell,  daughter  of  Colin  Macechran  of  Oatfield, 
Argyllshire.     Clerk  to  the  Admission  of  Notaries,  1869-88. 

MONYPENNY,  ALEXANDER.  18th  May  1801. 

Apprentice  to  Colin  Mackenzie. — Fourth  son  of  Lieutenant-Colonel  Alexander 
Monypenny  of  Pitmilly,  Fifeshire.  Bm-n  23d  March  1778.  Died  15th  June 
1844.    Depute-Clerk  to  Admission  of  Notaries,  1814-32. 

MOODIE,  STUART.  28th  June  1787. 

Apprentice  to  William  Dick. — Son  of  John  Moodie,  Merchant  in  London.  Di£d 
7th  April  1827.     Admitted  Advocate  26th  January  1793. 

MORE,  GEORGE. 

See  Gordon,  George  More. 

MORESONE,  HENRY.  16th  August  1671. 

Apprentice  to  James  Allan. — Eldest  son  of  John  Moresone,  Merchant  Burgess, 
Edinburgh.     Died  1674.     Mar.  Agnes  Wilkie. 

MORISON,  JOHN,  of  Hetland.  14th  June  1791. 

Apprentice  to  John  Taylor. — Son  of  Andrew  Morison,  Writer  in  Edinburgh. 
Bom  1769.  Dixd  5th  May  1837.  Mar.  20th  August  1796,  Jane,  daughter 
of  Robert  Farquhar  of  Newhall. 


160  THE  SOCIETY  OF  WRITERS  TO  THE  SIGNET 

MORRISON,  NAESMYTH.  16th  June  1818. 

Apprentice  to  David  Wemyss. — Son  of  David  Morrison,  Major  in  the  Service  of 
the  Hon.  East  India  Company.  Died  at  Hyderabad  10th  December  1846,  aged 
53,  unmarried.    Afterwards  Captain  H.E.I.C.S. 

MORTHLAND,  MATTHEW,  of  Rindmuir.  30th  June  1741. 

Apprentice  to  William  Miller. — Son  of  Charles  Morthland,  Professor  of  Oriental 
Languages  in  the  University  of  Glasgow.    Died  15th  October  1787,  aged  74. 

MORTON,  CHARLES.  8th  July  1828. 

Apprentice  to  James  Greig. — Eldest  son  of  Samuel  Morton,  Agricultural  Imple- 
ment Maker,  Edinburgh.  Born  21st  January  1806.  Mar.  7th  August  1834, 
Isabella,  daughter  of  James  Harvey,  Grandholm,  Aberdeen.  Crown  Agent,  June 
and  July  1866,  1868-74,  1880-83. 

MORTON,  WILLIAM.  18th  October  1886. 

Apprentice  to  Henry  Cairns. — Son  of  Alexander  Morton,  Banker,  Edinburgh. 

Bwn  14th  September  1851.     Mar.  2d  July  1889,  Jessie,  daughter  of  Thomas 

Struthers,  Edinburgh. 
MOSMAN,  HUGH.  15th  July  1885. 

Apprentice  to  F.  Pitman,  A.  B.  Macallan,  J.  R.  Anderson,  and  W.  H.  Murray. 

— Son  of  Hugh  Mosman  of  Auchtyfardle,  Lanarkshire.     Bom  27th  October  1860. 

MOBSMAN,  RICHARD. 

Mentioned  1st  August  1633. 

MOUNSEY,  JOHN  LITTLE.  8th  October  1883. 

Apprentice  to  Thomas  Dawson  Brodie. — Son  of  Archibald  Campbell  Mounsey, 
Rector  of  the  Grammar  School,  Jedburgh.  Bom  30th  October  1852.  Mar.  21st 
June  1881,  Margaret,  eldest  daughter  of  John  Jackson,  of  Solway  Bank,  Annan. 

MOWAT,  JAMES,  of  Fawside. 

Mar.  29th  October  1611,  Margaret  RoUock. 

MOWBRAY,  JOHN,  of  Harwood.  30th  November  1792. 

Apprentice  to  William  Campbell  of  Crawfordton. — Second  son  of  Robert  Mow- 
bray, Merchant  in  Edinburgh.     Born  1768.     Died  19th  September  1838.    Mar. 

(1)  7th  April  1801,  Elizabeth,  daughter  of  John  Scougall,  Merchant  in  Leith;  and 

(2)  26th  June  1807,  Patricia  Hodge  of  Awalls. 

MOWBRAY,  JOHN  THOMSON,  LL.D.  8th  March  1832. 

Apprentice  to  John  Mowbray. — Son  of  Robert  Mowbray,  Merchant  in  Leith. 
Born  12th  May  1808.  Treasurer,  1882.  Author  of  An  Analysis  of  the  Convey- 
ancing (Scotland)  Act,  1874,  and  other  legal  works. 

MOYSIE,  DAVID. 

Suspended,  until  he  shall  obtain  a  proper  admission,  22d  November  1609. 
Probably  Author  of  Memoirs  published  by  Bannatyne  Club.         ••     •    ■ 


LIST  OF  MEMBERS  I61i 

MUDIE,  JOHN. 

Mentioned  1630.    Died  1648.     Mar.  Marion  Riddell. 

MUIE,  ANDREW  GRAY.  12th  July  1887. 

Apprentice  to  Thomas  Jarron  Gordon. — Son  of  George  Watson  Muir,  Kirkhouse, 
Traquair.    Born  27th  January  1865. 

MUIR,  GEORGE,  of  Cassencarrie.  7th  January  1756. 

Apprentice  to  John  Davidson  of  Stewartfield. — Son  of  William  Muir  of  Cassen- 
carrie, Kirkcudbrightshire.  Died  3d  September  1783.  Mar.  20th  April  1762, 
Margaret,  daughter  of  Alexander  Mackenzie  of  Delvine,  Perthshire.  Principal 
Clerk  of  Justiciary. 

MUIR,  JOHN. 

See  Chalmeb,  John  Muib. 

MUIRHEAD,  CHARLES  HERRIES,  of  Logan.  23d  June  1807. 

Apprentice  to  Alexander  Young  of  Harbum. — Son  of  the  Rev.  James  Muirhead, 
D.D.,  Minister  of  Urr.    Died  6th  February  1823. 

MUIRHEAD,  DAVID. 

Signs  Minute,  1606.    Died  January  1614. 

MUNDELL,  ALEXANDER.  8th  July  1790. 

Apprentice  to  Laurence  Hill. — Son  of  Robert  Mundell,  Painter  in  Edinburgh. 
Born  1769.  Died  19th  March  1837.  Mar.  Susanna,  second  daughter  of  Samuel 
Champneys  of  Bradmire,  Hertfordshire. 

MURDOCH,  ARCHIBALD  BURN.  18th  July  1861. 

Apprentice  to  Thomas  Graham  Murray. — Son  of  John  Burn  Murdoch  of  Gartin- ' 
caber,   Perthshire.      Born  10th  December   1836.     Mar.   4th  November  1874, 
Mary  Harriet  Burn,  only  daughter  of  William  Bum  Callander  of  Prestonhall, 
Mid-Lothian. 

MURDOCH,  JAMES  FERGUSSON.  12th  November  1835. 

Apprentice  to  John  Mackenzie  Lindsay. — Eldest  son  of  Alexander  Murdoch, 
Procurator-Fiscal  of  Ayrshire.  Born  5th  November  1812.  Died  6th  October 
1874.  Mar.  24th  August  1841,  Ann  Cuninghame,  daughter  of  Rev.  Robert 
Douglas,  Minister  of  Kilbarchan.  Procurator-Fiscal  of  Ayrshire,  30th  January 
1843. 

MURE,  JOHN,  OF  Nether  Scheills.  11th  April  1661. 

Apprentice  to  Alexander  Douglas. — Died  2d  February  1686.  Mar.  Catherine 
Mowbray. 

MURRAY,  ANDREW.  13th  February  1845. 

Apprentice  to   George  Dalziel. — Son  of  Patrick  Murray,  Writer  in  Glasgow. 
Bom  nth  October  1823.    Died  23d  August  1869.     Mar.  8th  June  1849,  Mina 
.!aa.Jw     Maria,  third  daughter  of  James  Balfour,  Edinburgh.     Crown  Agent,  1860-66, 


152  THE  SOCIETY  OF  WKITEES  TO  THE  SIGNET 

MUEEAY,  ANDKEW,  op  Conland.  15th  June  1837. 

Apprentice  to,  and  eldest  son  of,  William  Murray  of  Conland,  W.S.—Bom  19th 
Febraary  1812.  Died  11th  January  1878.  Mar.  4th  September  1858,  Jane 
Rogers.  '*" 

MUEEAY,  ANTHONY,  of  Dollerie.  26th  May  1825. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  Hay  Donaldson ;  and  (2)  John  Gibson,  Jun. — Eldest  son  of 
Anthony  Murray,  of  Dollerie,  Perthshire.  Born  1802.  Died  16th  September 
1884.  Mar.  19th  October  1829,  Georgina,  daughter  of  Sir  Patrick  Murray  of 
Ochtertyre,  Bart. 

MUEEAY,  DAVID.  3d  July  1792. 

Apprentice  to  Robert  Trotter. — Son  of  David  Murray,  D.C.S.,  Writer  in 
Edinburgh.     Died  4th  March  1845. 

MUEEAY,  GEOEGE  JOHN.  18th  December  1856. 

Apprentice  to  Andrew  Murray,  Jun. — Son  of  William  Murray,  Banker  in  Tain. 
Born  13th  September  1832.    Died  1869,  unmarried. 

MUEEAY,  HENEY  MONTAGUE  SCOTT.  22d  June  1826. 

Apprentice  to  William  Young  Herries. — Third  son  of  John  Murray  of  Tunder- 
garth,  Dumfriesshire.    Died  1844,  aged  41,  unmarried. 

MUEEAY,  JAMES.  1st  February  1630. 

Apprentice  to  Eobert  Alexander. — Died  2d  March  1632. 

MUEEAY,  JAMES  CHAELES.  25th  May  1848. 

Apprentice  to  Donald  Home. — Son  of  David  Murray,  Comptroller  of  Excise  for 
Scotland,  afterwards  Accountant  in  Edinburgh.  Born  17th  January  1816.  Died 
22d  January  1878,  unmarried. 

MUEEAY,  JAMES  THOMAS.  1st  July  1822. 

Apprentice  to  David  Murray. — Son  of  James  Murray,  Solicitor-at-Law.  Born 
1800.  Died  22d  January  1857.  Mar.  21st  July  1829,  Mary,  daughter  of 
William  Goddard,  Merchant,  Leith. 

MUEEAY,  JOHN.  2l8t  May  1806. 

Apprentice  to  John  Dundas. — Eldest  son  of  William  Murray,  Agent  for  the 
Church.  Barn  1782.  Died  13th  September  1836.  Mar.  24th  August  1818, 
Ann  Jane,  youngest  daughter  of  James  Borland,  Glasgow.     Agent  for  the  Church. 

MUEEAY,  JOHN,  of  Wooplaw.  23d  June  1853. 

Apprentice  to  John  Scott  and  Sir  John  Gillespie. — Eldest  son  of  Andrew  Murray, 
Junior,  Advocate.  Born  28th  July  1829.  Mar.  25th  February  1867,  Elizabeth, 
daughter  of  William  Eobertson. 

MUEEAY,  PATEICK.  23d  January  1703. 

Died  1st  May  1728.  Mar.  2d  June  1709,  Jean,  daughter  of  Alexander  Simson, 
Litster,  Edinburgh,  widow  of  John  Prophet,  Wine  Merchant  at  Holyroodhouse. 


LIST  OF  MEMBERS  159 

MURRAY,  PATRICK.  15th  October  1873. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  Andrew  Murray,  Jun.  ;  and  (2)  Donald  Beith. — Son  of  Andrew 
Murray,  Jun.,  W.S.  Bwn  29th  May  1850.  Mar.  5th  July  1877,  Agnes  Evelyn, 
youngest  daughter  of  Rev.  John  Congreve,  Rector  of  Tooting  Graveney,  Surrey. 

MURRAY,  ROBERT.  21st  October  1673. 

Apprentice  to  William  Thomson. — Eldest  son  of  John  Murray,  Merchant 
Burgess  of  Edinburgh,     i'/^ii  Deceinber  1676.     Jf an  Marion  Pollock. 

MURRAY,  THOMAS  GRAHAM,  of  Stenton,  LL.D.  22d  November  1838. 

Apprentice  to  Adam  Gib  Ellis  and  Robert  Ellis. — Son  of  Andrew  Murray  of 
Murrayshall,  Perthshire,  Advocate.  Born  24th  November  1816.  3Iar.  19th 
December  1848,  Caroline,  daughter  of  John  Tod  of  Kirkhill.  Crown  Agent, 
1866-G8. 

MURRAY,  THOMAS  MIDDLETON.  20th  October  1884. 

Apprentice  to  D.  Beith,  A.  Forrester,  P.  Murray,  and  R.  D.  Beith. — Second  son 
of  Kenneth  Murray  of  Geanies,  Ross-shire.  Bm-ii  27th  March  1860.  Mar.  8th 
June  1887,  Caroline,  daughter  of  Walter  Ross  Macdonald,  Barrister,  Hamilton, 
Ontario,  Canada. 

MURRAY,  WILLIAM.  12th  January  1706. 

Apprentice  to  Alexander  Glass. — Died  1758. 

MURRAY,  WILLIAM,  of  Coniand.  23d  February  1816. 

Apprentice  to  Thomas  Megget. — Son  of  Andrew  Murray  of  Coniand,  Fifeshire. 
Born  1793.     Died  25th  October  1848.     Mar. 

MURRAY,  WILLIAM  CLEGHORN.  17th  November  1864. 

Apprentice  to  John  Anthony  Macrae. — Only  son  of  John  Murray,  S.S.C.  Born 
4th  October  1837. 

MURRAY,  WILLIAM  HUGH.  14th  November  1872. 

Apprentice  to  Frederick  Pitman. — Son  of  William  Murray,  S.S.C.  Bom  5th 
March  1850. 

MYLNE,  JAMES.  20th  February  1834. 

Apprentice  to  Alexander  Pearson. — Son  of  George  Mylne,  Manager  of  Edinburgh 
Life  Assurance  Company.  Born  25th  March  1807.  Died  3d  December  1879. 
Mar.  16th  July  1839,  Emelia  Elizabeth,  second  daughter  of  William  Roberts, 
Banker,  Glasgow. 

MYLNE,  JAMES.  29th  June  1871. 

Apprentice  to  John  M.  Lindsay  and  Alexander  Howe. — Third  son  of  James 
Mylne,  W.S.  Born,  8th  April  1846.  Mar.  5th  November  1877,  Jane  Ramsay, 
second  daughter  of  William  Ramsay  Kermack,  W.S. 


164  THE   SOCIETY   OF  WRITERS   TO  THE  SIGNET 

MYLNE,  JOHN  MILLAR.  11th  December  1828. 

Apprentice  to  George  Dunlop. — Son  of  James  Mylne,  Professor  of  Moral  Philo- 
sophy in  the  University  of  Glasgow.  Died  30th  January  1880.  Mar.  28th 
January  1843,  Margaret,  daughter  of  Dr.  John  Thomson. 

NAIRNE,  CHARLES.  29th  May  1819.  •/. 

Apprentice  to  James  Naime,  his  brother. — Youngest  son  of  the  Rev.  James 
Nairne  of  Claremont,  D.D.,  Minister  of  Pittenweem.  Born  23d  December  1794. 
Died  20th  January  1837.  Mar.  20th  September  1820,  Amelia  Forbes,  daughter 
of  the  Rev.  Andrew  Bell  of  Kilduncan,  Minister  of  Crail. 

NAIRNE,  JAMES,  of  Clakemont.  8th  June  1804. 

Apprentice  to  Edward  Bruce. — Second  son  of  the  Rev.  James  Nairne  of  Claremont, 
D.D.,  Minister  of  Pittenweem.  Born  29th  August  1782.  Died  20th  October  1847. 
Mar.  9th  April  1807,  Elizabeth,  eldest  daughter  of  Dr.  John  Hill  of  Brownhills, 
Fifeshire,  Professor  of  Humanity  in  the  University  of  Edinburgh.   Fiscal,  1824-44. 

NAIRNE,  JAMES.  16th  November  1843. 

Apprentice  to  James  Nairne. — Eldest  son  of  Charles  Nairne,  W.S.  Born  8th 
August  1821.  Died  26th  March  1866,  unmarried.  Secretary  of  North  British 
Railway,  1852-66. 

NAPIER,  ALEXANDER  JOHN.  8th  July  1847. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  Richard  Campbell ;  and  (2)  John  Mackenzie  Lindsay. — 
Youngest  son  of  George  Napier  of  Dales,  Linlithgowshire,  S.S.C.  Born  7th 
November  1824.  Mar.  18th  October  1867,  Elizabeth  Isabella,  daughter  of  David 
Stevenson,  C.E.,  Edinburgh. 

NAPIER,  FRANCIS.  10th  July  1794. 

Apprentice  to  Alexander  Duncan. — Eldest  son  of  the  Hon.  Mark  Napier,  Colonel, 
32nd  Foot.  Bcn-n  20th  August  1770.  Died  11th  June  1818.  Mar.  30th  March 
1796,  Mary  Elizabeth  Jane  Douglas,  eldest  daughter  of  Colonel  Archibald 
Hamilton  of  Innerwick,  Haddingtonshire.    Collector  of  Widows'  Fund,  1805-18. 

NAPIER,  MACVEY.  6th  December  1799. 

Apprentice  to  John  Campbell  of  Annfield. — Eldest  son  of  John  Macvey  of  Braes, 
Dumbartonshire.  Born  12th  April  1776.  Died  11th  February  1847.  Librarian 
to  the  Society,  9th  December  1805  to  21st  June  1837.  Professor  of  Convey- 
ancing, 1816-47.  Principal  Clerk  of  Session,  12th  May  1837  till  death.  Editor 
of  Edinburgh  Beview,  1829,  and  of  the  Encyclopcedia  Britannica  (seventh  edition). 
Author  of  Lm'd  Bacon  and  Sir  Walter  Baleigh,  1853,  and  other  works. 

NAPIER,  WILLIAM.  4th  March  1824. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  Francis  Napier;  and  (2)  David  Cleghorn. — Eldest  son  of 
George  Napior  of  Dales,  Linlithgowshire,  S.S.C.  B(ym  1801.  Died  17th  June 
1849.    Mar.  28th  April  1828,  Mary,  eldest  daughter  of  Alexander  Low,  Aberdeen. 


•rnT  LIST   OF   MEMBEES  155 

NASMYTH,  MICHAEL.  19th  December  1767. 

Apprentice  to  James  Hay  of  Cocklaw. — Only  son  of  Bailie  Michael  Nasmyth, 
Schoolmaster  in  Lochwinnoch,  Renfrewshire.     Died  November  1777. 

NEAVES,  WILLIAM.  7th  March  1833. 

Apprentice  to  Alexander  Pearson. — Son  of  Charles  Neaves,  Writer  in  Edinburgh. 
Born  15th  February  1810.     Died  at  Demerara  18th  December  1841,  unmarried. 

NEILL,  ROBERT.  4th  December  1655. 

Mar.  25th  January  1644,  Isobel  Measlet.     Died  before  1667. 

NEILSON,  JOHN.  18th  November  1861. 

Apprentice  to  George  Greig. — Eldest  son  of  Alexander  Neilson,  Writer  in  Port- 
Glasgow.  Born  19th  November  1836.  Mar.  1st  August  1867,  Elizabeth 
Maxton,  youngest  daughter  of  John  Barr  Gumming  of  Lloyd's,  Greenock 

NEILSON,  STUART.  21st  November  1850. 

Apprentice  to  John  Irving. — Son  of  James  Neilson  of  Millbank.  Born  10th 
December  1809.     Died  10th  May  1886,  unmarried. 

NEILSON,  WILLIAM.  12th  December  1627. 

Servitor  to  Thomas  Cutts.    Admitted  in  his  place.     Mar.  Marion  Cunyngham. 

NEISCHE,  WALTER,  of  Westeu  Dubheads, 

Son  of  Walter  Neische  of  Wester  Dubheads;  retoured  heir  to  his  father  13th 
December  1637. 

NEWALL,  MARTIN. 

Died  about  1629. 

NEWBIGGING,  JOHN  STEUART.  26th  June  1832. 

Apprentice  to  Walter  Dickson. — Son  of  Sir  William  Newbiggiug,  Surgeon  in 
Edinburgh.  Born  20th  January  1809.  Died  25th  October  1849.  Mar.  30th  June 
1840,  Elizabeth,  daughter  of  James  Flemyng,  Killiechassie,  Perthshire.  Sheriff- 
Clerk  of  Roxburghshire,  1841-49. 

NEWLANDIS,  ROBERT. 

Signs  Minute  of  17th  January  1606. 

NEWTON,  JAMES,  of  Castlandhill.  23d  November  1819. 

Apprentice  to  Craufurd  Tait.— Eldest  son  of  James  Newton,  Baker  in  Edinburgh. 
Died  18th  June  1861,  aged  65,  unmarried. 

NEWTON,  WILLIAM  WARING  HAY,  of  Newton.  24th  May  1821. 

Apprentice  to  William  Mackenzie. — Second  son  of  William  Hay  Newton  of 
Newton,  Mid-Lothiaa  Born  20th  September  1795.  Died  15th  May  1860.  Mar. 
(1)  19th  June  1821,  Jane  Frances,  only  child  of  Thomas  Gregson  of  Blackburn ; 
and  (2)  15th  February  1844,  Jane,  daughter  of  James  Clerk  Rattray  of  Craighall, 
Perthshire,  Advocate.  ^^„j    ,,.....„. „i,..,    ;,.<.,,. .^^  •:  ,^;^:i 


166  THE   SOCIETY   OF  WRITERS   TO   THE  SIGNET 

NIBLIE,  ARCHIBALD.  5th  August  1777. 

Apprentice  to  Walter  Ross. — Son  of  Archibald  Niblie,  Tenant  in  Elphinstone. 
Dkd  21st  March  1779.  Mar.  October  1776,  Margaret,  only  daughter  of  John 
Rannie  of  Myles. 

NICOLL,  HENRY.  3d  January  1683. 

Apprentice  to  James  Chcyne. — Died  December  1704.     Mar.  Christian  Leishman. 

NICOLL,  JOHN.  19th  November  1609. 

Apprentice  to  David  Anderson. — Died  February  1668.  Mai:  21st  October  1606, 
Bessie  Thomson.  Clerk  to  Society,  1647-54.  His  Diary  of  Ihihlic  Transactions 
(1650-67)  published  by  Bannatyne  Club.     Re-admitted  21st  November  1661. 

NICOLL,  JOHN.  13th  April  1650. 

Son  of  John  NicoU,  AV.S.     Died  before  1685. 

NICOLSON,  ROBERT. 

Died  about  1628. 

NIMMO,  ANDREW. 

Signs  the  Acts,  26th  December  1627.     Died  27th  September  1647. 

NIMMO,  JOHN.  8th  March  1802. 

Apprentice  to  H.  M'D.  Buchanan. — Eldest  son  of  Peter  Nimmo,  Brewer  in 
Edinburgh.     Died  1812.     Mar.  Margaret  Nimmo. 

NISBET,  ARCHIBALD,  of  Carfin.  16th  July  1661. 

Apprentice  to  Robert  Hamilton. — Son  of  James  Nisbet  of  Ladytoun.  Died  July 
1695.     Mar.  (1)  Euphan  Scroggie  ;  and  (2)  Jean  Biiillie. 

NISBET,  CHRISTOPHER  CHARLES,  of  Stobshiel.  21st  October  1874. 

Apprentice  to  John  Wardrobe  Tawse,  liis  uncle. — Son  of  the  Rev.  Robert  Nisbet, 
D.D.,  Minister  of  West  St.  Giles,  Edinburgh.    Bom  31st  August  1851. 

NISBET,  JOHN,  of  Nisbetfield.  26th  July  1693. 

Apprentice  to  Thomas  Gordon. — Died  1716.  Mar.  Agnes  Riddell,  sister  of 
William  Riddell,  portioner  of  Bewlie,  Roxburghshire. 

NIVEN,  ROBERT  WILLIAM.  1st  July  1819. 

Apprentice  to  David  Ramsay. — Eldest  son  of  the  Rev.  Alexander  Niven,  Minister 
of  Dunkeld.  Bom  1793.  Died  1st  December  1832.  Mar.  11th  March  1817, 
only  daughter  of  Robert  Brown,  Westmoreland,  Jamaica. 

NORIE,  HENRY  HAY.  9th  February  1860. 

Apprentice  to  Walter  JoUie. — Son  of  Evelyn  Thomas  Francis  None,  Commander, 
RN.,  residing  in  Elgin.  Bffrn  8th  June  1837.  Mar.  8th  September  1864, 
Christina,  second  daughter  of  James  Moir,  Banker,  Alloa.  Manager  of  Union 
Bank  of  Scotland,  Edinburgh,  1881. 


LIST   OF  MEMBEES  157 

OGILL,  GEORGE.  6tli  March  1650. 

OGILVY,  DAVID.  26th  June  1832. 

Apprentice  to  Robert  M'Millan. — Son  of  David  Ogilvy,  Painter  in  Edinburgh. 
Brni  14th  January  1805.  Died  I7th  July  1871.  Mar.  9th  September  1841, 
Elizabeth  Aitchison,  daughter  of  James  Williamson  of  Trinity.  Latterly  a 
Solicitor  in  Melbourne. 

OGILVIE,  ROBERT  GAVIN.  20th  November  1818. 

Apprentice  to  Hugh  Warrender. — Second  sou  of  Adam  Ogilvie  of  Hartwoodmyres, 
Advocate.     Bui-n  1793.     Died  14th  July  1879,  unmarried. 

OGILVIE,  WILLIAM  ALEXANDER.  19th  July  1879. 

Apprentice  to  Robert  Burt  Ranken. — Son  of  William  Ogilvie,  M.A.,  residing  at 
Dyke,  near  Forres.    Burn  24th  January  1851.    Died  17th  March  1884,  unmarried. 

OLIPHANT,  .aiNEAS,  of  Balgonie.  4th  April  1707. 

Apprentice  to  James  Menzies. — Died  23d  February  1716. 

OLIPHANT,  CHARLES.  4th  December  1794. 

Apprentice  to  William  Balderston. — Son  of  Charles  Oliphant,  Merchant  in  Edin- 
burgh. Bmi  1771.  Died  28th  October  1852.  Mar.  2d  July  1830,  Eleanor, 
daughter  of  Sir  James  Campbell  of  Aberuchill,  Bart.,  and  widow  of  Dr.  John 
Barclay. 

OLIPHANT,  HARRY. 

Mar.  11th  August  1614,  Sara  Colvin. 

OLIPHANT,  LAURENCE.  23d  February  1680. 

Apprentice  to  William  Lockhart. — Son  of  Laurence  Oliphant  of  Orchardmilnc. 
Diid  September  1690.  Mar.  Margaret  Hepburn.  Clerk  to  the  Admission  of 
Notaries. 

OLIPHANT,  ROBERT,  of  Rossie.  14th  November  1833. 

Apprentice  to  ^neas  Macbean. — Eldest  son  of  Lieutenant-Colonel  James  Stewart 
Oliphant  of  Rossie,  Perthshire.  Born  23d  February  1810.  Died  14th  November 
1872.  Mar.  20th  March  1836,  Susan  Mary  Elizabeth,  only  child  of  Thomas  Tod, 
Judge  of  the  Commissary  Court. 

ORD,  ALEXANDER.  4th  June  1674. 

Apprentice  to  Richard  Guthrie.~Z>terf  before  1695.  Mar.  28th  August  1679, 
Agnes  Gordon. 

ORME,  ALEXANDER,  of  Mugdrum.  3d  February  1755. 

Apprentice  to  Archibald  Stuart, — Eldest  son  of  Alexander  Orme  of  Balvaird, 
Writer  in  Edinburgh.  Died  8th  January  1789.  Mar.  Helen  Sinclair.  Principal 
Clerk  of  Session,  14th  November  1777  till  death. 


158  THE  SOCIETY  OF  WRITERS   TO   THE   SIGNET 

ORR,  ALEXANDER,  of  Watkrside.  3d  Februaiy  1755. 

Apprentice  to  Robert  Dalrymple. — Son  of  Mr.  Alexander  Orr,  Minister  of  Hod- 
dam.  Died  27th  November  1774.  Mar.  July  1761,  Elizabeth,  daughter  of 
Ludovick  Cant  of  Thurston,  East-Lothian. 

ORR,  CHARLES  JAMES  FOX,  of  Thornly  Park.  Uth  June  1814. 

Apprentice  to  Robert  Hill. — Son  of  James  Orr  of  Thornly  Park,  Renfrewshire. 
Died  8th  February  1849.  Mar.  15th  October  1816,  Elizabeth,  youngest  daughter 
of  Robert  Orr,  Paisley. 

ORR,  PATRICK.  12th  August  1799. 

Apprentice  to  William  Macfarlane. — Second  son  of  Patrick  Orr  of  Bridgeton, 
Kincardineshire.  Died  19th  July  1848.  Mar.  25th  December  1814,  Margaret 
Caroline,  second  daughter  of  Major  Martin  Lindsay,  younger  of  Kilconquhar, 
Fifeshire.     Sheriff-Clerk  of  Forfarshire,  1812-48. 

OSBURN,  HARRY. 

Commissioner,  1G31.     Died  22d  May  1655.     Mar.  (2)  Alison  Flemyng. 

OSWALD,  ROGER.  7th  June  1705. 

Apprentice  to  Thomas  Aikman. — Died  9th  June  1629,  aged  50.  Mar.  Helen 
Sydserff. 

OSWALD,  WILLIAM. 

Signs  the  Acts  26th  December  1627. 

PAGAN,  ROBERT  OSBORNE.  16th  July  1888. 

Apprentice  to  James  H.  Jameson. — Only  son  of  George  Hair  Pagan,  Sheriff-Clerk 
of  Fifeshire,  Cupar.  Born  17th  October  1865.  Mar.  9th  October  1890,  Emy, 
eldest  daughter  of  Professor  Hill,  Glasgow  University. 

PAIP,  JOHN. 

Signs  Minute  of  16th  December  1594.     Mar.  4th  October  1598,  Marion  Hassinden. 

PANTON,  WILLIAM,  of  Blackhouse.  9th  December  1672. 

Apprentice  to  James  Cheyne. — Son  of  James  Panton  of  Blackhouse.  Died  before 
1713.    Mar.  Helen  Edgar. 

PARKER,  JOHN  JAMES.  25th  November  1852. 

Apprentice  to  Richard  and  John  Ord  Mackenzie. — Fourth  son  of  John  Parker, 
Principal  Extractor  in  the  Court  of  Session.  Bom  1st  October  1829.  Mar.  31  st 
July  1855,  Hannah,  only  child  of  James  Spittal,  Edinburgh. 

PATERSON,  ADAM,  of  Whitelek.  12th  November  1829. 

Apprentice  to  John  Tod. — Son  of  Adam  Paterson,  residing  in  Galashiels.  Born 
1st  February  1799.  Died  14th  June  1876.  Mar.  18th  November  1835,  Elizabeth, 
fourth  daughter  of  David  Scott,  Farmer  at  Northfield,  Duddingstpn. 


LIST   OF   MEMBERS  159 

PATERSON,  ARTHUR  BOURNE.  10th  January  18^7. 

Apprentice  to  J.  0.  Mackenzie,  Harry  Cheyne,  and  John  Kermack. — Son  of 
Robert  Paterson  of  Birthwood,  Lanarkshire.     Born  29th  October  1860. 

PATERSON,  HEW. 

Signs  the  Acts  26th  December  1627. 

PATERSON,  Sir  HUGH,  of  Bannockbubn,  Bart.  10th  April  1661. 

Apprentice  to  Richard  Guthrie. — Son  of  Hugh  Paterson  of  Bannockbum,  Stirling- 
shire. Died  1696.  Mar.  18th  August  1654,  Elizabeth  Kerr.  Keeper  of  the 
Signet,  28th  September  1682.     Created  a  Baronet,  29th  March  1686. 

PATERSON,  Sir  HUGH,  of  Bannockburn,  Bart.  29th  September  1682. 

Apprentice  to  and  son  of  Sir  Hugh  Paterson  of  Bannockburn,  W.S.  Died 
December  1701.     Mar.  Barbara,  daughter  of  Sir  William  Ruthven  of  Dunglas. 

PATERSON,  JAMES,  of  Whitelee.  12th  November  1868. 

Apprentice  to  James  Mackenzie,  J.  B.  Innes,  and  C.  B.  Logan. — Son  of  Adam 
Paterson  of  Whitelee,  Roxburghshire,  W.S.  Bom  1st  April  1845.  Died  7th 
December  1888.  Mar.  (1)  17th  April  1872,  Mary  Francis  Hester,  daughter  of  Sir 
Edmund  Samuel  Hayes  of  Drumboe  Castle,  Donegal,  Bart. ;  and  (2)  16th  Novem- 
ber 1882,  Mary  Georgina,  youngest  daughter  of  Thomas  Hodgkinson  of  Elm 
Leigh,  Havant,  Captain,  Royal  Navy. 

PATERSON,  JOSEPH.  23d  May  1808. 

Apprentice  to  George  Robinson.— Youngest  son  of  George  Paterson,  Merchant  in 
East  Sheen,  Surrey.    Bom  1778.     Di^  16th  February  1832,  unmarried. 

PATERSON,  ROBERT. 

See  Wallace,  Robert  Paterson. 

PATERSON,  THOMAS.  14th  July  1859. 

Apprentice  to  Adam  Paterson. — Son  of  John  Paterson,  Agent  of  the  Royal  Bank 
at  Dalkeith.    Born  11th  July  1834. 

PATERSON,  WALTER.  3d  December  1632. 

Apprentice  to  Anthony  Whyte. — Son  of  Alexander  Paterson,  Apothecar-Burgess 
of  Edinburgh.  Di^d  February  1662.  Mar.  Anne  Inglis.  Readmitted  21st 
November  1661. 

PATERSON,  WILLIAM.  8th  March  1714. 

Apprentice  to  John  Cuningham. — Died  1716. 

PATISON,  JOHN.  10th  July  1798. 

Apprentice  to  Alexander  Young  of  Harbum. — Son  of  John  Patison,  Town  Clerk, 
Leith.  Born  1773.  Di^  9th  May  1843.  Mar.  6th  February  1801,  Ann  Fergu- 
son, daughter  of  Thomaa  Hill,  Architect,  Edinburgh. 


160  THE   SOCIETY   OF  WRITERS   TO   THE   SIGNET 

PATISON,  JOHN.  21st  December  1809. 

Apprentice  to  Robert  Boswell. — Eldest  son  of  William  Patison,  Merchant  in 
Edinburgh.  Born  1784.  Died  22d  June  1832.  Mar.  14th  March  1815,  Eliza- 
beth, eldest  daughter  of  James  Paterson,  Merchant,  Leith. 

PATISON,  JOHN.  12th  November  1835.    ' 

Apprentice  to  Alexander  Dallas. — Son  of  John  Patison,  W.S.  B<yrn  19th  October 
1807.  Died  8th  August  1871.  Mar.  11th  April  1856,  Frances  M.,  daughter  of 
William  Marshall,  R.N.,  Dunbar. 

PATON,  ROBERT.  17th  January  1822. 

Apprentice  to  Walter  Cook. — Son  of  the  Rev.  John  Paton,  Minister  of  Lasswade. 

Born  2d  January  1795.     Died  25th  January  1884.     Mar.  26th  September  1832, 

Isabella,  only  daughter  of  Thomas  Phipps,  London.    Procurator-Fiscal  for  Selkirk 

Burgh. 
PATON,  VICTOR  ALBERT  NOEL.  12th  July  1887. 

Apprentice    to  James  A.    Jamieson,  George    Dalziel,  James  Craik,   and    John 

Wharton  Tod. — Son  of  Sir  Joseph  Noel  Paton,  Kt.,  H.M.  Limner  for  Scotland. 

Bm-n  29th  December  1862. 

PATOUN,  WILLIAM,  of  Panhole.  16th  September  1681. 

Apprentice  to  John  Cuningham. — Resigned  his  Commission  2d  February  1711. 
Died  January  1715.     Mar.  Ann  Gay. 

PATRICK,  WILLIAM,  of  Roughwood.  28th  June  1793. 

Apprentice  to  David  Steuart. — Third  son  of  John  Patrick  of  Freeborn,  Ayrshire. 
Died  28th  February  1861,  aged  91,  unmarried. 

PATTEN,  HUGH,  30th  May  1878. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  John  Patten  ;  and  (2)  John  Cook. — Fourth  son  of  John  Patten, 
W.S.     Bffi-n  7th  July  1855. 

PATTEN,  JOHN.  29th  June  1827. 

Apprentice  to  James  Greig. — Fifth  son  of  James  Patten,  Cashier  of  the  Greenock 
Bank  Company.  Born  13th  May  1805.  Died  9th  March  1877.  Mar.  24th 
April  1848,  Jane  Maxwell  Campbell,  daughter  of  Dugald  MacDougall  of  Galla- 
nach,  Argyllshire. 

PATTEN,  JOHN.  16th  July  1873. 

Apprentice  to,  and  second  son  of,  John  Patten,  W.S. — Born  2d  October  1850. 
Mar.  7th  October  1880,  Helen  Isabel,  daughter  of  James  Johnston  Grieve,  M.P. 
for  Greenock. 

PATTISON,  JAMES.  29th  November  1820. 

Apprentice  to  Peter  Couper. — Son  of  the  Rev.  James  Pattison,  Thornhill.  Bori-n 
1794.  Died  24th  June  1832.  Mar.  16th  June  1829,  Isobella,  youngest  daughter 
of  John  Cockburn,  Edinburgh. 


LIST   OF   MEMBERS  161 

PATTISON,  WILLIAM  RALPH.  18th  March  1869. 

Apprentice  to  George  Maclachlan. — Son  of  George  Handasyde  Pattison,  Advocate. 
Bom  12th  July  1837.     Died  26th  March  1872,  unmarried. 

PATTON,  JAMES  MURRAY,  of  Glenalmond.  8th  February  1816. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  Robert  Cathcart;  and  (2)  James  Dundas. — Son  of  James 
Patton,  Sheriif-Clerk  of  Perthshire.  Bmn  1792.  Died  25th  December  1853. 
Sheriff-Clerk  of  Perthshire,  1817-53. 

PATTON,  THOMAS,  of  Glenalmond.  6th  March  1817. 

Apprentice  to  Alexander  Young.— Son  of  James  Patton,  Sheriff-Clerk  of  Perth- 
shire.    Died  28th  August  1866,  aged  77,  unmarried. 

PAUL,  GEORGE  MORISON.  21st  November  1867. 

Apprentice  to  John  Dundas,  William  Wilson,  and  Alexander  Montgomerie  Bell. — 
Son  of  the  Rev.  William  Paul,  D.D.,  Minister  of  Banchory-Devenick.  Bffrn  18th 
August  1839.  Mar.  28th  August  1872,  Mary,  third  daughter  of  Alexander  John 
Kinloch  of  Park,  Aberdeenshire. 

PAUL,  ROBERT.  10th  July  1812. 

Apprentice  to  Harry  Davidson. — Son  of  John  Paul,  Shoemaker  and  Trades  Bailie 
in  Glasgow.  Bm-n  1774.  Died  30th  January  1866.  Mar.  5th  August  1811, 
Catherine,  daughter  of  David  Geddes,  Deputy  Auditor  of  Excise. 

PAUL,  THOMSON.  1st  July  1828. 

Apprentice  to  James  Thomson. — Son  of  Andrew  Paul,  Brewer  in  Linlithgow. 
Born  1796.     Died  12th  November  1876,  unmarried. 

PEARSON,  ALEXANDER.  2d  December  1794. 

Apprentice  to  James  Ferrier. — Second  son  of  Adam  Pearson,  Secretary  of  Excise 
for  Scotland.  Bwn  10th  March  1770.  Died  9th  December  1853.  Mar.  16th 
February  1826,  Catherine,  daughter  of  David  Paterson,  Banker,  Edinburgh. 

PEARSON,  ALEXANDER.  11th  July  1837. 

Apprentice  to  David  Cleghorn. — Youngest  son  of  David  Pearson,  Principal  Clerk 
in  the  Excise  Office,  Edinburgh.  Bam  23d  April  1811.  Z>i«<f  20th  April  1857. 
Mar.  6th  February  1856,  Alexandrina,  daughter  of  John  Mackenzie,  Edinburgh. 

PEARSON,  ANDREW  ADAM,  of  Luck.  14th  November  1851. 

Apprentice  to  Alexander  Pearson  and  William  Robertson. — Elder  son  of  Alex- 
ander Pearson,  W.S.  Bm-n  30th  May  1827.  Died  19th  July  1861.  Mar.  19th 
April  1855,  Octavia,  daughter  of  Alexander  Gillespie  of  Sunnyside,  Lanarkshire. 

PEARSON,  DALZIEL.  7th  June  1872. 

Apprentice  to  John  Brown  Innes. — Youngest  son  of  Charles  Pearson,  President  of 
the  Society  of  Chartered  Accountants,  Edinburgh.     Bmn  21st  January  1848. 


IW  THE  SOCIETY   OF  WRITEKS   TO   THE   SIGNET 

PEARSON,  DAVID  ALEXANDER.  30th  November  1850. 

Apprentice  to,  and  younger  son  of,  Alexander  Pearson,  W.S. — B<n-n  15th 
December  1828.  Mar.  4th  December  1860,  Elizabeth  Abercromby,  only  child  of 
Alexander  Gibbon  of  Johnston,  Kincardineshire. 

PEAT,  THOMAS.  7th  July  1795.      ' 

Apprentice  to  Robert  Brown. — Son  of  John  Peat,  Writer  in  Edinburgh.  Born 
1772.     Died  26th  July  1836.     Mar.  Hannah  Broughton. 

PEDDIE,  ALEXANDER. 

See  Waddell,  Alexander  Peddik 

PEDDIE,  JAMES.  30th  November  1819. 

Apprentice  to  James  Greig. — Eldest  son  of  the  Rev.  James  Peddie,  Minister  of 
the  Associate  Burgher  Congregation,  Bristo  Street,  Edinburgh.  Born  1798.  Died 
5th  September  1885.  Mar.  23d  August  1821,  Margaret,  daughter  of  the  Rev. 
John  Dick,  D.D.,  Glasgow. 

PEDIE,  JAMES.  6th  July  1813. 

Apprentice  to  James  Grant  of  Bumhall. — Only  son  of  William  Pedie  of  Mains  of 
Dollar.     Died  16th  July  1844,  aged  60,  unmarried. 

PETER,  JAMES,  of  Chapel.  7th  March  1664. 

Apprentice  to  William  Hunter,  James  Cheyne,  and  Walter  Henderson. — Son  of 
David  Peter,  Commissary  of  Peebles.  Died  February  1691.  Mar.  11th  March 
1670,  Agnes,  daughter  of  Mr.  William  Rigg,  Minister  of  Inverarity. 

PETER,  JOHN. 

Sign  the  Acts  7th  December  1612.  Mar.  19th  October  1609,  Janet  Myles. 
Commissary  of  Peebles. 

PHILIPS,  JOHN.  16th  January  1800. 

Apprentice  to  John  Macnab. — Son  of  John  Philips,  Merchant  in  Glasgow.  Died 
11th  November  1836.     Mar.  Euphemia  Brown. 

PHILIPS,  JOHN.  10th  March  1842. 

Apprentice  to  John  Kermack. — Son  of  John  Philips,  residing  in  Edinburgh. 
Bam  23d  November  1801.  Died  2d  August  1873.  Mar.  7th  January  1834, 
Annie  Gordon,  youngest  daughter  of  Robert  Richard  Maitland,  Edinburgh. 

PITCAIRN,  ALEXANDER.  14th  August  1714. 

Son  of  David  Pitcaim  of  Dreghom,  Mid-Lothian.  Resigned  his  Commission 
October  1745.    Mar.  Margaret  Deans. 

PITCAIRN,  ALEXANDER  YOUNG.  5th  December  1861. 

Apprentice  to  Robert  Haldane. — Only  surviving  son  of  the  Rev.  Thomas  Pitcairn, 
Free  Church  Minister  at  Cockpen.  Bom  5th  April  1837.  Mar.  18th  August 
1863,  Helen,  daughter  of  John  Wyld,  Banker,  Glasgow. 


LIST   OF   MEMBERS  16S 

PITCAIRN,  ARCHIBALD.  3d  August  1723. 

Apprentice  to  Alexander  Pitcairn. 

PITCAIRN,  PATRICK,  of  Dreghorn.  10th  November  1704. 

Eldest  son  of  David  Pitcairn  of  Dreghorn,  Mid-Lothian.     Died  February  1734. 

PITCAIRN,  ROBERT.  21st  November  1815. 

Apprentice  to  William  Patrick. — Second  son  of  Robert  Pitcairn,  Writer  in  Edin- 
burgh. Bom  1793.  Z>te<f  suddenly  11th  July  1855.  ilfar.  4th  September  1839, 
Hester  Hine,  daughter  of  Henry  Hunt,  Merchant,  London.  Author  of  Ancient 
Ciiminal  Trials  in  Scotland,  1829-33,  and  other  works. 

PITCAIRN,  WILLIAM  FETTES.  15th  November  1827. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  George  Veitch ;  and  (2)  Matthew  N.  Macdonald  Hume. — Son  of 
Alexander  Pitcairn,  Merchant  in  Edinburgh.  Born  14th  October  1803.  Mar. 
29th  March  1831,  Agnes  Campbell,  daughter  of  John  Osburn  Brown,  W.S. 

PITMAN,  ARCHIBALD  ROBERT  CRAUFURD.  19th  April  1881. 

Apprentice  to,  and  eldest  son  of,  Frederick  Pitman,  W.S. — Born  7th  October  1858. 

PITMAN,  FREDERICK.  4th  June  1857. 

Apprentice  to  John  Anderson,  his  uncle. — Eldest  son  of  Major-General  Robert 
Pitman  of  the  Hon.  East  India  Company's  Service.  Born  Nth  September  1832. 
Mar.  17th  November  1857,  Anna  Sitwell,  eldest  daughter  of  John  Tait,  advocate. 
Sheriff  of  Clackmannan  and  Kinross. 

PITMAN,  FREDERICK  ISLAY.  29th  October  1888. 

Apprentice  to  F.  Pitman,  J.  R.  Anderson,  W.  H.  Murray,  and  A.  C.  R.  Pitman. 
—Son  of  Frederick  Pitman,  W.S.  Born  18th  April  1863.  Mar.  2d  July  1890, 
Helen  Isabel,  younger  daughter  of  James  Auldjo  Jamieson,  W.S. 

PITMAN,  JOHN  SITWELL.  19th  October  1885. 

Apprentice  to  F.  Pitman,  A.  B.  Macallan,  J.  R.  Anderson,  and  W.  H.  Murray. 
—Second  son  of  Frederick  Pitman,  W.S.  Born  27th  June  1860.  Mar.  15th 
September  1888,  Mabel,  only  daughter  of  Captain  E.  T.  Parsons,  RN. 

PLENDERLEITH,  JOHN.  6th  July  1691. 

Apprentice  to  John  Frank. — Died  May  1728.  Mar.  Margaret  Douglas,  relict  of 
John  Hunter,  Merchant,  Edinburgh. 

POLLEXFEN,  JOHN  RIDDOCH,  of  Cairston.  10th  March  1836. 

Apprentice  to  William  Stewart. — Son  of  Thomas  Pollexfen  of  Cairston,  Orkney. 
Bmn  22d  October  1811.     Died  18th  November  1878,  unmarried. 

POLLOK,  JOHN,  OF  Logiegreen.  16th  June  1807. 

Apprentice  to  John  Campbell. — Fifth  son  of  Allan  Pollok,  Merchant  in  Glasgow. 
Died  at  Vancieville,  Virginia,  U.S.A.,  28th  April  1817.  "'      ''^ 


164  THE   SOCIETY  OF  WRITERS   TO   THE   SIGNET 

PONTON,  MUNGO.  8th  December  1825. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  James  Balfour ;  and  (2)  WDliam  Scott  and  G.  L.  Finlay. — Only 
son  of  John  Ponton,  Farmer  at  Balgreen.  Boi-n  23d  November  1802.  Died  3d 
August  1880.  Mar.  (1)  24th  June  1830,  Helen  Scott,  youngest  daughter  of 
Archibald  Campbell,  Edinburgh ;  (2)  1843,  Margaret,  daughter  of  Alexander 
Ponton,  Procurator-Fiscal,  Edinburgh ;  and  (3)  1st  August  1871,  Jane,  eldest 
surviving  daughter  of  Dougald  M'Lean,  Merchant,  Edinburgh. 

PORTEOUS,  JOHN,  of  Spittlehaugh.  20th  May  1800. 

Apprentice  to  James  Walker. — Only  son  of  Robert  Porteous  of  Carmacoup, 
Lanarkshire.     Died  9th  January  1812. 

POTT,  JAMES,  OF  PoTBURN.  20th  November  1818. 

Apprentice  to  James  Mackenzie  and  William  Inues. — Second  son  of  Gideon  Pott 
of  Dod,  Roxburghshire.  Born  1792.  Died  6th  November  1852.  Mar.  27th 
March  1839,  Jane,  daughter  of  Peter  Brovrn  of  Rawflat,  Roxburghshire. 

PRESTON,  ALEXANDER.  26th  December  1773. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  George  TurnbuU;  and  (2)  Walter  Scott. — Only  son  of  the 
Rev.  George  Preston,  Minister  of  Markinch.     Died  4th  November  1775. 

PRESTON,  JAMES.  20th  July  1731. 

Apprentice  to  Hugh  Somerville. — Died  March  1738. 

PRESTON,  WILLIAM.  3d  December  1722. 

Apprentice  to  Robert  Hepburn. — Died  May  1752.  Mar.  April  1740,  Helen 
Cumming,  relict  of  William  Carss  of  Tollcross.  Resigned  his  Commission  31st 
January  1750.    Author  oi  A  Poem  to  the  Divine  Majesty. 

PRIMROSE,  JAMES. 

Second  son  of  Archibald  Primrose.  Died  1641.  Mar.  (1)  Sibylla  Miller;  and  (2) 
Katherine,  daughter  of  Richard  Lawson  of  Baghill.  Commissioner,  18th  October 
1631.  Clerk  to  the  Privy  Council,  1602.  Clerk  to  Council  of  Prince's  Revenue, 
17th  August  1623.     Ancestor  of  Earls  of  Rosebery. 

PRINGLE,  FRANCIS.  26th  February  1753. 

Apprentice  to  James  Pringle. — Youngest  son  of  Sir  Robert  Pringle  of  Stichell, 
Roxburghshire.     Baptized  24th  May  1729.     Died  15th  April  1760,  unmarried. 

PRINGLE,  JAMES,  of  Bowl.4ND.  14th  July  1735. 

Apprentice  to  James  Home. — Son  of  James  Pringle  of  Torwoodlee,  Selkirkshire. 
Di^d  10th  April  1776.  Mar.  18th  September  1749,  Elizabeth,  daughter  of  James 
Nimmo,  Receiver-General  of  Excise  Duties  for  Scotland.  Principal  Clerk  of 
Session,  13th  December  1748  till  death. 

PRINGLE,  JOHN.  8th  June  1741. 

Apprentice  to,  and  second  son  of,  Thomas  Pringle,  W.S. — Di^  18th  September 
1 784.     Mar.  Mary,  sister  of  George  Drummond  of  Blair-Drummond,  Perthshire. 


..►JKi)'  LIST   OF  MEMBERS  iJ^ 

PKINGLE,  JOHN.  13th  July  1811. 

Apprentice  to  George  Steuart. — Son  of  Dunbar  Pringle,  Mercliant  in  Edinburgh. 
Died  1854,  aged  69.  Mar.  24th  July  1815,  Margai-et,  daughter  of  Thomas 
Wallace  of  Stockbridge.     Sheriff-Substitute  at  Banff,  1821-54. 

PRINGLE,  ROBERT,  of  Bartingbush  and  Stichkll.  -F 

Commissioner,  26th  December  1627.  Second  son  of  George  Pringle  of  Newhall, 
Selkirkshire.  Died  1649.  Mar.  Katherine  Hamilton,  of  the  Silverton  family. 
M.P.,  Roxburghshire,  1639-41. 

PRINGLE,  ROBERT.  7th  December  1655. 

Son  of  Robert  Pringle,  W.S.     Mar.  Miss  Kerr.    Joint  Fiscal,  1697-99. 

PRINGLE,  ROBERT,  of  Symington.  9th  December  1830. 

Apprentice  to  John  Tait. — Only  sou  of  Lieutenant-Colonel  John  Pringle  of 
Symington,  Mid-Lothian.  B(ym  1803.  Died  21st  April  1868.  Mar.  (1)  17th 
June  1835,  Maiy,  eldest  daughter  of  Major  F.  A.  S.  Knox,  Royal  Artillery  ;  and 
(2)  15th  October  1839,  Eliza,  eldest  daughter  of  James  M'Failane,  Surgeon, 
93d  Regiment. 

PRINGLE,  ROBERT.  14th  March  1872. 

Apprentice  to  James  Hope  and  Robert  Mackay. — Son  of  Robert  Pringle  of 
Symington,  W.S.  Barn  28th  January  1845.  Mar.  12th  April  1870,  Catlierine, 
only  daughter  of  Robert  William  Jamieson,  W.S. 

PRINGLE,  ROBERT  KEITH.  27th  July  1881. 

Apprentice  to  D.  Scott  Moncreiff,  and  J.  P.  Wood. — Son  of  Robert  Keith  Pringle 
of  Broadmeadows,  Selkirkshire.     Born  22d  April  1854. 

PRINGLE,  THOMAS.  10th  May  1693. 

Apprentice  to  John  M'Farlaue. — Fourth  son  of  Sir  Robert  Pringle  of  Stichell, 
Roxburghshire.  Baptized  24th  March  1667.  Died  before  1736.  Mar.  Rebecca 
Hay.  Treasurer,  1697-98,  Clerk  of  Privy  Council,  24th  November  1702. 
Deputy-Keeper  of  the  Signet,  1716-25.  Father  of  Robert  Pringle,  Lord 
Edgefield. 

PROCTOR,  ROBERT.  30th  June  1801. 

Apprentice  to  James  Dundas. — Son  of  Patrick  Proctor,  Writer  at  Glamis  Castle, 
*  Forfarshire.     Died  5th  January  1823. 

PURVES,  ALEXANDER  PATERSON.  22d  January  1874. 

Apprentice  to  William  Forbes  Skene.— Eldest  son  of  William  Brown  Purves, 
Physician  and  Surgeon  in  Edinburgh.  Born  11th  September  1840.  Mar.  22d 
December  1875,  Sara  Elizabeth,  eldest  daughter  of  Charles  Turner,  of  the  Royal 
Nurseries,  Slough,  Windsor.  ».       ,^- ,  _,.  „„    , 


166  THE  SOCIETY  OF  'WlllTERS  TO  THE  SIGNET 

PURVES,  JAMES.  3d  August  1742. 

Apprentice  to  James  Ramsay. — Second  son  of  Sir  William  Purves  of  that  Ilk, 
Bart.  Baptized  23d  July  1709.  Z'ied  8th  June  1770.  Resigned  his  Commission, 
16th  February  1769.     Commissary-Depute  of  Lauder. 

PURVES,  WILLIAM.  20th  October  1890. 

Apprentice  to  A.  Howe,  W.  Macgillivray,  and  A.  Yeaman. — Son  of  Robert  Purves, 
Accountant,  Glasgow.     Bcnn  24th  October  1862. 

RAMAGE,  ALEXANDER  LISTON.  16th  August  1799. 

Apprentice  to  Robert  Boswell. — Son  of  Alexander  Ramage,  Shoremaster  of  Leith. 
Died  28th  February  1815. 

RAMSAY,  DAVID,  of  Lethaine.  7th  August  1695. 

Apprentice  to  Andrew  Young. — Died  before  1736.  Mar.  (1)  Jean  Campbell;  and 
(2)  30th  June  1699,  Euphan,  daughter  of  Michael  Elphinstonc  of  Quarrel,  Stirling- 
shire.    Treasurer,  1698-99. 

RAMSAY,  DAVID,  of  Grimmet.  6th  March  1810. 

Apprentice  to  John  Campbell. — Eldest  son  of  the  Rev.  John  Ramsay,  Minister  of 
Kirkmichael,  Ayrshire.  Died  30th  April  1828.  Mar.  20th  April  1814,  Helen, 
only  daughter  of  John  Shaw,  of  the  Castle,  Maybole. 

RAMSAY,  JAMES,  of  Auchtertyke.  25th  February  1723. 

Apprentice  to  Alexander  Glass. — Brother  of  Robert  Ramsay,  Inspector  of 
Customs.  Died  of  apoplexy  2d  November  1748.  Mar.  March  1734,  Ann, 
daughter  of  Ralph  Dundas  of  Manor,  Perthshire. 

RAMSAY,  JAMES.  22d  February  1793. 

Apprentice  to  Walter  Scott. — Son  of  James  Ramsay,  Architect  in  Edinburgh. 
Died  28th  October  1798. 

RAMSAY,  ROBERT.  23d  May  1820. 

Apprentice  to  John  Tod. — Second  son  of  William  Ramsay,  Banker  in  Edinburgh. 
Died  19th  November  1829. 

RAMSAY,  SIR  WILLIAM,  of  B.4MFF,  Bart.  19th  July  1779. 

Apprentice  to  Alexander  Duncan. — Third  sou  of  Sir  James  Ramsay  of  Bamfif, 
Bart.  Died  17th  February  1807,  aged  52.  Mar.  5th  August  1796,  Agnata 
Frances,  daughter  of  John  Hilton  Biscoe,  of  Hookwood,  Surrey.  Succeeded  his 
brother  as  seventh  Baronet  on  16th  April  1790. 

RANKEN,  WILLIAM  BLACK,  of  Darngavil.  14th  January  1889. 

Apprentice  to  Alexander  Wylie. — Son  of  Patrick  Ranken  of  Cleddans  and 
Auchengray,  Lanarkshire.     Bmn  16th  Februaiy  1866. 


LIST  OF  MEMBERS  107 

RANKEN,  ROBERT  BURT.  25th  March  1869. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  Jolui  Ord  Mackenzie ;  and  (2)  Frederick  Pitman. — Son  of 
Thomas  Ranken,  S.S.C.  Bom  24th  February  1840.  Mar.  30th  June  1874,  Mary 
Witherington,  daughter  of  Charles  Tennant  Dunlop,  Merchant,  Glasgow. 

RANKIN,  GEORGE,  B.L.  28th  October  1881. 

Apprentice  to  T.  G.  Murray  and  J.  A.  Jamieson. — Son  of  the  Rev.  William 
Thomson  Rankin,  Brechin.  Born  15th  July  1852.  Mar.  13th  April  1887,  Annie 
Cosens,  second  daughter  of  Robert  Romanes,  Solicitor  in  Lauder. 

RANKINE,  CHARLES  SIMSON. 

See  SiMSON,  Charles  Simson  Rankine. 

RATTRAY,  ROBERT,  of  Blackcraig.  12th  November  1799. 

Apprentice  to  Andrew  Steuart. — Youngest  son  of  James  Rattray,  residing  at 
Bridgeness.  Born  1773.  Died  6th  May  1846.  Mar.  (1)  4th  October  1805, 
Rachel,  daughter  of  Thomas  Milne,  Writer  in  Edinburgh;  and  (2)  16th  July 
1821,  Dorothea,  daughter  of  James  Dagnier,  Durham. 

RAWSOUN,  ROBERT. 

Son  of  Mr.  Alexander  Rawsoun,  Minister  of  Spynie.  Died  1629.  Mar.  29th 
November  1626,  Elspot  Anderson.      .!>-'!     .-^ur^ni-  a, 

REDDIE,  JAMES  CAMPBELL.  10th  December  1829. 

Apprentice  to  David  Cleghorn. — Son  of  James  Reddie,  Advocate.     Born  1806. 

Died  4th  July  1878,  unmarried. 
REID,  ALEXANDER. 

Commissioner,  16th  December  1594. 
REID,  CHARLES  GREENSHIELDS,  of  Grangehill.  12th  November  1840. 

Apprentice  to  John  Russell. — Son  of  Captain  Charles  Hope  Reid  of  Grangehill, 

Ayrshire,  R.N.     Bm-n  13th  October  1814.     Mar.  22d  January  1850,  Georgina, 

daughter  of  John  Jardine,  Advocate,  Sheriff  of  Ross  and  Cromarty. 
REID,  JAMES.  28th  July  1882. 

Apprentice  to  Archibald  Steuart. — Son  of  Walter  Reid,  Drem,  East  Lothian. 

Bom  19th  March  1855.     Mar.  5th  January  1888,  Kate,  only  daughter  of  William 

Scott,  Calcutta. 
REID,  ROBERT.  3d  April  1749. 

Apprentice  to  Robert  Fullarton. — Son  of  Mr.  William  Reid,  Minister  of  Steven- 

ston.    Died  10th  March  1766.      Mar.  March  1746,  Ann,  daughter  of  James 

Grant,  Stationer,  Edinburgh. 

REID,  SYLVESTER.  27th  June  1822. 

Apprentice  to  John  Campbell. — Son  of  James  Reid,  Office  of  Excise  at  Huntly. 
Bom  1780.  Died  8th  May  1842.  Mar.  8th  July  1822,  Georgina,  daughter  of 
Alexander  Kidd,  Writer  in  Edinburgh.  Accountant  and  Depute-Clerk  of  Teinds, 
1818-39.     Clerk,  1839-41. 


168  THE  SOCIETY   OF  WEITERS   TO   THE   SIGNET 

EEID,  WILLIAM.  27th  November  1862. 

Apprentice  to  Edmund  Baxter. — Son  of  William  Reid,  Writer  in  Dundee.  Born 
28th  October  1838.  Died  8th  September  1885.  Mar.  23d  May  1867,  Elizabeth 
Geddes,  daughter  of  James  Walker  of  Ravensby,  Flax-spinner  in  Dundee. 

RENNY,  THOMAS. 

See  Strachan,  Thomas  Renny. 

RENNY,  WILLIAM,  of  Danevale  Park.  16th  May  1815. 

Apprentice  to  George  Robinson.— Third  son  of  George  Renny  of  Birkhill, 
Kirkcudbrightshire.  Bm-n  1788.  Died  11th  February  1846.  Mar.  23d  August 
1819,  Margaret,  second  daughter  of  John  Napier  of  MoUance,  Kirkcudbright- 
shire.    Solicitor  for  Inland  Revenue. 

RENNY,  WILLLAM  JOHN,  of  Danevale  Park.  14th  November  1844. 

Apprentice  to,  and  eldest  son  of,  William  Renny,  W.S. — Barn  4th  December  1822. 
Died  25th  January  1879.  Mar.  (1)  19th  July  1847,  Julia  Isobella,  daughter  of 
Arthur  John  Robertson  of  Inshes,  Inverness-shire ;  and  (2)  17th  July  1873,  Mar- 
garet Forbes,  daughter  of  John  Angus,  Advocate,  and  Town-Clerk  of  Aberdeen. 

RENTON,  JOHN.  16th  January  1800. 

Apprentice  to  John  Home. — Eldest  son  of  James  Ronton,  Merchant  in  Berwick. 
Born  1774.  Died  3d  October  1838.  Mar.  12th  September  1803,  Ann,  second 
daughter  of  the  Rev.  Matthew  Murray,  Minister  of  North  Berwick. 

RENTONE,  GEORGE.  16th  November  1702. 

Apprentice  to  Alexander  Home. — Died  17th  December  1703,  aged  29.  Mar. 
October  1697,  Helen  Douglas. 

RHIND,  WILLIAMSON.  16th  November  1831. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  Francis  Wilson ;  and  (2)  Sir  H.  Jardine,  G.  T.  Stodart,  and 
William  Fraser. — Son  of  John  Rhind,  Cashier  of  the  Edinburgh  Friendly 
Insurance  Company.     7?orn  11th  June  1809.     i)!><?  22d  April  1847,  unmarried. 

RICHARDSON,  ANDREW.  29th  June  1827. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  Hay  Donaldson ;  and  (2)  John  Gibson,  Jun. — Only  son  of  Kerr 
Richardson,  Farmer  in  Ai-dgilzean,  Perthshire.  Bcrni  1804.  Died  28th  August 
1885.  Mar.  (1)  16th  March  1831,  Jean  Thomson,  daughter  of  William  Blair; 
and  (2)  28th  March  1837,  Charlotte,  daughter  of  David  Davidson,  Salton  Mains, 
Haddington. 

RICHARDSON,  HENRY  EDWARD.  13th  July  1885. 

Apprentice  to  J.  A.  Jamieson,  J.  W.  Tod,  and  James  Craik. — Son  of  Henry 
Cockburn  Richardson,  of  the  Indian  Civil  Service.     Born  28th  June  1862. 

RICHARDSON,  JOHN.  19th  June  1823. 

Apprentice  to  William  Inglis. — Eldest  son  of  William  Richardson,  residing  in 
Edinburgh.  Born  1799.  Di^  17th  December  1876.  Mar.  (1)  L.  G.  H.  Hay; 
(2)  24th  February  1857,  Martha,  daughter  of  Peter  Trezevant,  London.  Sub- 
stitute-Keeper, 1867-76.  *^" 


LIST   OF   MEMBEES  169 

RICHAEDSON,  JOHN,  of  Kirklands.  13th  November  1827. 

Apprentice  to  Thomas  Scotland. — Son  of  George  Richardson,  Farmer  in  Gilmerton. 
.Born  9th  May  1780.  i)je<?  4th  October  1864.  Jfar.  5th  August  1811,  Elizabeth, 
daughter  of  Lawrence  Hill,  W.S. 

RICHARDSON,  RALPH.  12th  November  1869. 

Apprentice  to  George  Maclachlan  and  William  Ivory. — Son  of  James  Richardson, 
Merchant  in  Edinburgh.  Bom  22d  November  1845.  Mar.  15th  October  1879, 
Melville  Elizabeth,  daughter  of  Andrew  Fleming,  M.D.,  Deputy  Surgeon-General, 
Bengal  Army.     Commissary  Clerk  of  Edinburgh,  1883. 

RICHAEDSON,  ROBERT.  18th  December  1676. 

Apprentice  to  Sir  Hugh  Paterson. — Died  October  1699.  Mar.  30th  August  1678, 
Margaret  Law. 

RICHARDSON,  THOMAS.  25th  May  1814. 

Apprentice  to  David  Wemyss. — Only  son  of  Robert  Richardson,  Secretary  to  the 
British  Linen  Company.  Died  18th  June  1853,  aged  64.  Mar.  19th  September 
1818,  Isabella,  daughter  of  James  Heggie,  3'ounger  of  Pitlessie,  Fifeshire. 

RIDDELL,  Rev.  HENRY  SCOTT.  15th  November  1811. 

Apprentice  to  James  Thomson.— Second  son  of  Henry  Riddell,  Merchant  in 
Glasgow.  Bffrn  23d  May  1789.  Died  15th  April  1862.  Mar.  (1)  2d  October 
1818,  Agnes,  daughter  of  Archibald  Gilchrist,  Edinburgh;  and  (2)  29th  November 
1831,  Elizabeth,  youngest  daughter  of  John  Home  of  Stirkoke,  Caithness. 
Resigned  his  Commission  12th  May  1825.  Licensed  by  the  Presbytery  of 
Selkirk  7th  July  1829.  Ordained  Minister  of  Longformacus  6th  September 
1830.    Translated  to  Dunse  6th  October  1843. 

RIDDELL,  JOHN,  of  Granton.  20th  March  1739. 

Apprentice  to  Ronald  Dunbar. — Eldest  son  of  John  Riddell,  Physician  in  Edin- 
burgh. Bmn  1713.  Died  20th  December  1745.  Mar.  April  1741,  Christian, 
daughter  of  Sir  John  Nisbet  of  Dean,  Bart. 

RIDDELL,  JOHN  RUGNIGALD,  of  Kinharvie.  10th  July  1798. 

Apprentice  to  William  RiddelL — Second  son  of  Robert  Eiddell  of  Carzield, 
Dumfriesshire.  Difd  1849.  Mar.  March  1804,  daughter  of  David  Crawford  of 
Carronbank. 

RIDDELL,  THOMAS,  Younger  of  Camieston.  19th  November  1805. 

Apprentice  to,  and  eldest  son  of,  William  Riddell,  W.S. — Born  23d  August  1777. 
Died  18th  April  1826.  Mar.  31st  January  1805,  Jane,  daughter  of  Walter 
Ferrier  of  Glenferrier,  Stirlingshire. 

RIDDELL,  WALTER,  of  Newhouse.  '^'I'sth  December  1708. 

Apprentice  to  John  Wilkie.— Died  December  174:2.     Mar.  Jean  Pringle. 

Y 


170  THE   SOCIETY   OF  WRITEES   TO  THE   SIGNET 

RIDDELL,  WILLIAM,  of  Camieston.  3d  July  1770."' 

Apprentice  to  Thomas  Cockburn. — Eldest  son  of  Thomas  Riddell  of  Camieston, 
Roxburghshire.  Bm-n  1746.  DM  23d  November  1829.  Mar.  12th  January  1776, 
Elizabeth,  only  surviving  daughter  of  John  Carre  of  Cavers  Carre,  Roxburghshire. 

RITCHIE,  ALEXANDER.  12th  March  1795.   ' 

Apprentice  to  John  Campbell. — Only  son  of  Alexander  Ritchie,  Merchant  in 
Edinburgh.    Bkd  15th  March  1816. 

RITCHIE,  GEORGE.  2d  July  1829. 

Apprentice  to  John  Ronton  and  Joseph  Grant. — Fourth  son  of  George  Ritchie  of 
Hill  of  Ruthven,  Perthshire.  Born  1807.  Died  30th  November  1843.  Mar.  8th 
June  1841,  Euphemia,  only  daughter  of  Andrew  Sceales  of  Blackburn.. 

ROBERTON,  WILLLAJVI.  22d  December  1698. 

Apprentice  to  William  Stirling. — Youngest  son  of  Archibald  Roberton  of  Bedlay, 
Lanarkshire.     Died  January  1757,  unmarried. 

ROBERTSON,  ALEXANDER.  14th  March  1744. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  Harry  Maule ;  and  (2)  David  Maule. — Son  of  George  Robertson, 
Writer  in  Edinburgh.  Died  22d  January  1788.  Mar.  July  1764,  Jean,  third 
daughter  of  James  Hay  of  Pitfour,  Perthshire.  Principal  Clerk  of  Session,  12th 
June  1776  till  death. 

ROBERTSON,  ALEXANDER  LAMBIE.  18th  November  1817. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  James  Home;  and  (2)  Patrick  Wishart. — Third  son  of 
Alexander  Robertson  of  Prenderguest,  Berwickshire.  Born  11th  June  1794.  Died 
22d  December  1868.  Mar.  16th  August  1821,  Katherine,  daughter  of  John 
Alison  of  Wellbank,  Forfarshire. 

ROBERTSON,  ANDREW  GIFFORD.  29th  April  1881. 

Apprentice  to  A.  Hamilton,  G.  T.  Kinnear,  and  R.  Beatson. — Son  of  Andrew 
Robertson,  Edinburgh.    Born  29th  April  1855. 

ROBERTSON,  BARTHOLOMEW.  1st  November  1658. 

Apprentice  to  Alexander  Hamilton. 

ROBERTSON,  FRANCIS  JAMES.  14th  April  1884. 

Apprentice  to  Anthony  Murray. — Third  son  of  George  Robertson  of  Hedderwick, 
Forfarshire,  C.E.  Born  8th  December  1858.  Mar.  18th  December  1884,  Eliza- 
beth, youngest  daughter  of  Rev.  John  Caldwell  Brown  of  Carbeth  Guthrie,  Minis- 
ter of  Ceres,  Fifeshire. 

ROBERTSON,  GEORGE.  25th  June  1819. 

Apprentice  to  Archibald  Hotchkis. — Died  24th  September  1844,  aged  51, 
unmarried.    Sheriff-Substitute  at  Portree,  1829-44.  ••■  ■ 


jrj^jLlST   OF   MEMBERS  ;,.  171 

ROBEKTSON,  GEORGE.  .,  ,■■  18th  November  1848. 

Apprentice  to  William  Robertson. — Son  of  William  Robertson  of  the  island  of 
.(„,.        Malta.     Bm-n  20th  August  1820.     Mar.  27th  March  1856,  Harriette   Caroline 
Emily,  youngest  daughter  of  William  Macbean,  Leghorn. 

ROBERTSON,  GEORGE  BROWN.  24th  June  1841. 

Apprentice   to  Hugh  Tod. — Son  of  George  Robertson,  Deputy-Keeper  of  the 

Records.     Born  10th  January  1819.    Died   26th  November  1873.    Mar.   14th 

August    1867,   Christina,    daughter  of  William    Rose,    Sheriffston,   Elginshire. 

Deputy-Keeper  of  the  Records,  1853-73. 

•1 

ROBERTSON,  HUGH.  6th  December  1791. 

Apprentice  to  David  Erskine. — Second  son  of  David  Robertson  of  Loretto.     Died 

21st  January  1800.    Mar.  3d  November  1795,  Barbara,  the  second  daughter  of 

■  ,j ;    Alexander  Hamilton  of  Gilkerscleugh,  Lanarkshire. 

ROBERTSON,  JAMES. 

See  Barclay,  James  Robertson, 

ROBERTSON,  JAMES.  26th  June  1789. 

Apprentice  to  David  Erskine. — Eldest  son  of  Patrick  Robertson,  Writer  in 
Glasgow.     Died  in  Jamaica  April  1794. 

ROBERTSON,  JAMES.  1st  June  1795. 

Apprentice  to  James  Saunders. — Third  son  of  Patrick  Robertson,  Schoolmaster 
at  Bellie,  Banffshire.     Died  15th  April  1820.     Mar.  Mary  Saunders. 

ROBERTSON,  JAMES.  1st  June  1820. 

Apprentice  to  James  Little. — Youngest  son  of  the  Rev.  Patrick  Robertson,  D.D., 
Minister  of  Eddleston.  Died  25th  June  1864,  aged  69,  unmarried.  Crown  Agent, 
1858-59. 

ROBERTSON,  JAMES  SAUNDERS.  10th  March  1812. 

Apprentice  to,  and  eldest  son  of,  James  Robertson,  W.S. — Born  1763.  Died 
20th  August  1856.  Mar.  16th  April  1816,  Sarah,  eldest  daughter  of  Rev.  Alex- 
ander Weir  of  Boghead,  Linlithgowshire. 

ROBERTSON,  JAMES  STEWART-,  of  Edradynate.  12th  November  1846. 

Apprentice  to  Alexander  Pearson  and  William  Robertson. — Son  of  James  Stewarts 
Robertson  of  Edradynate,  Perthshire.  Born  15th  May  1823.  Mar.  27th  April 
1852,  Mary  Jane  Campbell,  daughter  of  Robert  Cuninghame  of  Bandalloch,  Stir- 
lingshire, and  Ballanorris,  Isle  of  Man. 

ROBERTSON,  JOHN,  of  Duncanziemuir.  11th  July  1817. 

Apprentice  to  James  Robertson. — Son  of  Robert  Robertson,  Writer  in  Ayr. 
Died  19th  July  1859,  aged  67,  unmarried. 


iW  THE   SOCIETY   OF  WEITERS   TO   THE   SIGNET 

ROBERTSON,  JOHN  ANDERSON.  25th  May  1826. 

Apprentice  to  James  Saunders  Robertson. — Fourth  surviving  son  of  James 
Robertson,  W.S.  Bm-n  4th  November  1802.  Died  9th  December  18&2.  Mar. 
13th  September  1826,  Isobella  Eleanor,  daughter  of  Captain  Johnston,  R.E.,  and 
widow  of  James  Errol  Gray,  Surgeon,  Inverness. 

ROBERTSON,  JOHN  LOGIE.  8th  October  1883. 

Apprentice  to  Alexander  Wylie. — Son  of  William  Robertson,  Milnathort,  Kiu- 
ross-shire.     Born  9th  August  1859. 

ROBERTSON,  JOHN  RONALDSON.  8th  July  1831. 

Apprentice  to  John  Archibald  Campbell. — Eldest  son  of  Edward  Robertson, 
Secretary  to  the  Commercial  Banking  Company.  Born  22d  May  1807.  Died 
11th  May  1872,  unmarried. 

ROBERTSON,  PATRICK  1st  July  1791. 

Apprentice  to  David  Erskine. — Eldest  son  of  Patrick  Robertson,  Writer  in  Glas- 
gow.    Died  31st  March  1795. 

ROBERTSON,  ROBERT.  13th  July  1780. 

Apprentice  to  David  Erskine. — Second  son  of  James  Robertson  Barclay  of  Keavil, 
Fifeshire,  W.S.     Died  11th  June  1784. 

ROBERTSON,  ROBERT  JAMES.  31st  May  1860. 

Apprentice  to  James  Robertson. — Sou  of  the  Rev.  Patrick  Robertson,  Minister 
of  Eddleston.  Born  17th  March  1834.  Died  1st  May  1867.  Mar.  3d  April 
1861,  Harriott  Margaret,  daughter  of  William  Henry  Holms  of  Mauor  House, 
Kilrea. 

ROBERTSON,  THOMAS  ROBERT.  21st  November  1820. 

Apprentice  to  John  Campbell  of  Annfield. — Sou  of  John  Robertson,  Wine 
Merchant  in  Edinburgh.  Born  1796.  Died  25th  August  1873.  Mar.  (1)  9th 
June  1825,  Helen,  second  daughter  of  John  Elder,  Depute-Clerk  of  Session; 
and  (2)  5th  August  1839,  Jane  Maria  Sophia,  daughter  of  Alexander  Smith  of 
Land,  Dumfriesshire. 

ROBERTSON,  WILLIAM.  11th  December  1788. 

Apprentice  to  George  Cuming. — Youngest  son  of  James  Robertson  Barclay  of 
Keavil,  Fifeshire,  W.S.     Died  2d  December  1839. 

ROBERTSON,  WILLIAM.  26th  November  1829. 

Apprentice  to  Alexander  Pearson. — Son  of  George  Robertson  Scott  of  Benholm, 
Kincardineshire.     Died  8th  May  1850,  aged  49,  unmarried. 

ROBERTSON,  WILLIAM  PEMBERTON.  28th  July  1882. 

Apprentice  to  George  Robertson  and  John  Hope  Finlay. — Son  of  George 
Robertson,  W.S.  Born  25th  July  1859.  Mar.  18th  December  1889,  Augusta, 
eldest  daughter  of  Lieutenant  Colonel  Babington  of  Brooklands,  Hampshire. 


LIST   OF  MEMBEKS  173 

ROBINSON,  GEORGE,  of  Clermiston.  22d  June  1784. 

Apprentice  to  Samuel  Mitchelson.— Second  sou  of  William  Robinson,  Merchant 
in  Banff.     Died  6th  May  1825.     Lord  Treasurer's  Remembrancer,  1815-25. 

ROBISON,  CHARLES  KNO\VLES.  10th  July  1812. 

Apprentice  to  Richard  Hotchkis. — Second  son  of  John  Robison,  Professor  of 
Natural  Philosophy  in  the  University  of  Edinburgh.  Born  1781.  Died  at 
Calcutta,  April  1846.  Mar.  8th  July  1822,  Elizabeth  Carr.  Magistrate  of 
Police,  Calcutta. 

ROBSON,  CHARLES  MACLAREN.  14th  July  1890.   , 

Apprentice  to  T.  E.  0.  Home,  T.  Horno,  and  D.  Lyell. — Son  of  James  Curie 
Robson,  Procui-ator-Fiscal  of  Berwickshire.     Born  30th  March  1863. 

ROLLAND,  ADAM,  of  Gask.  6th  March  1787. 

Apprentice  to  John  Gordon. — Second  son  of  the  Rev.  Robert  RoUand,  Minister  of 
Culross.  Bmii  1763.  Died  31st  March  1837.  Mar.  10th  October  1796,  Ann, 
daughter  of  James  Newbigging,  residing  at  Whitehouse.  Crown  Agent,  1820-28. 
Principal  Clerk  of  Session  from  26th  November  1828  till  death. 

ROLLAND,  ADAM,  of  Gask.  25th  June  1824. 

Apprentice  to  Sir  Francis  Walker  Dnimmond. — Eldest  son  of  Adam  Rolland, 
W.  S.  Born  5th  July  1801.  Died  1 8th  October  1890.  Mar.  5th  September  1832, 
Charlotte,  daughter  of  Joliu  Craigie  of  Quebec,  and  niece  of  Laurence  Craigie  of 
Kilgraston,  Perthshire. 

ROLLAND,  JAMES.  7th  July  1829. 

Apprentice  to,  and  second  son  of,  Adam  Rolland,  W.S. — Born  24th  November 
1802.  Died  20th  November  1889.  Mar.  21st  April  1840,  Maria  Rebecca,  eldest 
daughter  of  William  Stothert  of  Cargen,  Kirkcudbrightshire. 

ROLLO,  HUGH  JAMES.  lOtli  March  1806. 

Apprentice  to  Vans  Hathorn. — Third  son  of  Hugh  James  Paterson  RoUo  of 
Bannockburn.  Born  ^th.  Februaiy  1783.  Drowned  on  board  steamer  Comet  ot^ 
Gourock,  21st  October  1825.  Mar.  12th  July  1813,  Jane  Hathorn,  eldest 
daughter  of  William  Richardson  of  Keithock,  Brechin. 

ROLLO,  HUGH  JAMES.  20th  May  1847. 

Apprentice  to  John  Richardson. — Son  of  Hugh  James  Rollo,  W.S.  Born  16tli 
June  1818.  Died  28th  February  1890.  Mar.  (1)  30th  November  1865,  Mary, 
daughter  of  Alexander  Stuart  of  Inchbreck,  Kincardineshire;  and  (2)  15th 
January  1880,  Mary  Dealtry,  daughter  of  Rev.  John  Hutton  Pollexfen  of  Cairston, 
Orkney,  Vicar  of  Middleton  Tyas,  Yorkshire. 

RONALD,  DUNCAN.  22d  June  1691. 

Apprentice  to  John  Campbell  of  Succoth. — Died  August  1700.  Mar.  (1)  Mag- 
dalene Scott ;  and  (2)  Ann  Murray. 


1T4  THE   SOCIETY   OF  WEITEKS   TO   THE  SIGNET 

EORIE,  JAMES.  16th  July  1889. 

Apprentice  to  W.  T.  Dickson,  T.  S.  Maclaren,  and  W.  Traquair,  Junr. — Eldest 
son  of  George  Livingstone  Rorie,  Secretary,  National  Bank  of  Scotland,  Edin- 
burgh.   Bm-n  27th  December  1864. 

EOS,  WILLIAM.  29th  June  1661. 

Apprentice  to  Hew  Rose. — -Fiscal,  1657-66.     Died  April  1668. 

ROSE,  HEW. 

Fiscal  1627-51.     Died  IQ5\.     ilfar.  Sara  Armour. 

ROSE,  JAMES.  1st  July  1824.  ■' 

Apprentice  to  Walter  Dickson. — Son  of  James  Rose,  Depute-Clerk  of  Session. 
Died  1st  December  1864,  aged  68.  Mar.  16th  Juno  1830,  Susan  Brabazon, 
daughter  of  Lieutenant-Colonel  Wight  of  Largnean. 

ROSS,  ALEXANDER. 

Signs  the  Acts  26th  December  1627. 

ROSS,  ALEXANDER,  of  Little  Daan.  14th  July  1718. 

Apprentice  to  James  Baird — Son  of  Alexander  Ross  of  Easter  Fearn,  Ross-shire. 
Died  4th  March  1753. 

ROSS,  HUGH,  OF  Knockbrake.  5th  June  1845. 

Apprentice  to  Joseph  Gordon. — Son  of  Hugh  Ross  of  Knockbrake,  Ross-shire. 
Bmi  12th  January  1820.  Died  25th  February  1889.  Mar.  25th  June  1845, 
Anne,  youngest  daughter  of  Thomas  Houstoun,  Kintradwell,  Sutherlandshire. 
Sheriflf-Substitute  at  Tobermory,  1865-85. 

ROSS,  JAMES  HUNTER.  27th  June  1820. 

Apprentice  to  William  Dallas. — Third  son  of  William  Ross,  Collector  of  Customs, 
Stranraer.     Died  18th  September  1865,  aged  73.     Mar.  (1)  26th  August  1816, 

Margaret,  daughter  of Johnstone,  Castle-Douglas;  and  (2)  1st  June  1833, 

Margaret  Penelope,  youngest  daughter  of  James  Foulds,  Wheatfield,  Ayr. 
Latterly  a  Solicitor  in  Melbourne. 

ROSS,  JOHN.  1609. 

Died  February  1621.     Mar.  Helen  Cunyngham. 

ROSS,  JOHN,  OF  NuiCK.  23d  October  1704. 

Apprentice  to  William  Thomson. — Died  1740.  Mar.  Jean,  daughter  of  Andrew 
Ross  of  Nuick,  Stirlingshire. 

ROSS,  JOHN.  30th  January  1797. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  Walter  Ross  and  (2)  Robert  Dundas. — Third  son  of  Walter 
Ross,  W.S.  Died,  11th  December  1817.  Mar.  20th  September  1805,  Christina, 
daughter  of  John  Moncrieff  of  Sauchopewood,  Fifeshire. 


LIST  OF   MEMBEES  ^^^''"^  175 

ROSS,  JOHN  LEITH,  of  Arnage.  '  27th  January  1801. 

Apprentice  to  Craufurd  Tait. — Second  son  of  Alexander  Leith  of  Freefield, 
Aberdeenshire.  Bmn  29th  September  1777.  Died  15th  May  1839.  Mar.  7th 
January  1807,  Elizabeth,  daughter  of  William  Young  of  Theddocksley,  Provost 
of  Aberdeen. 

ROSS,  JOHN.  28th  January  1878. 

Apprentice  to  Robert  Dobbie  Ross,  his  brother. — Son   of  John  Ross,  S.S.C. 
Bffm  nth  August  1850.     Mar.  24th  April  1879,  Julia  Ann,  widow  of  Robert 
^^ ,  ..Beckwith  Towse,  London. 

ROSS,  ROBERT.  21st  November  1790. 

Apprentice  to  John  Innes. — Only  .son  of  Daniel  Ross  of  Binns.     Died  1825. 

ROSS,  ROBERT  DOBBIE.  31st  December  1867. 

Apprentice  to  James  Duncan. — Son  of  John  Ross,  S.S.C.  B<yrn  1st  March  1841. 
Died  1st  October  1877,  unmarried. 

ROSS,  WALTER.  25th  June  1764. 

Apprentice  to  John  Russell  of  Rosebume. — Son  of  Charles  Ross,  Merchant  in 
Edinburgh.  Died  11th  March  1789.  Mar.  Margaret,  daughter  of  John  Moubraj', 
of  the  Cockairny  family.  Author  of  Lectwes  on  the  Practice  of  the  Law  of  Scotland 
1792,  and  other  legal  works. 

ROW,  CHARLES,  of  Innerallan.  5th  April  1688. 

Apprentice  to  Sir  Hugh  Paterson  of  Bannockbnm. — Died  March  1709.  Mar. 
Christian  Anderson. 

ROWAN,  JOHN.  "2d  September  1648. 

Apprentice  to  Archibald  Gibson. — Son  of Rowan ;  cousin  of  Andrew  Rowan 

of  Gask.     Re-admitted  21st  November  1661.     Died  before  1663. 

ROWAN,  JOHN.  13th  February  1744. 

Apprentice  to  Robert  Wallace. — Son  of  James  Rowan  of  Hethryhall.  Died  April 
1750.     Mar.  May  1740,  Janet,  daughter  of  John  Paterson,  Merchant,  Glasgow. 

ROY,  FREDERICK  LEWIS,  of  Nenthorn.  4th  July  1823. 

Apprentice  to  James  Heriot. — Son  of  William  Roy  of  Nenthorn,  Berwickshire. 
Born  1799.  Died  15th  February  1868.  Mar.  (1)  5th  June  1827,  Margaret  Louisa, 
daughter  of  Charles  Maitland  Makgill  of  Rankeillour;  and  (2)  26th  October 
1853,  Mary  Catherine,  daughter  of  Alexander  Boswell,  W.S. 

ROY,  JAMES.  25th  May  1826. 

Apprentice  to  James  Thomson. — Son  of  James  Roy,  residing  in  Perth.  Died 
nth  November  1881.  Mar.  10th  May  1864,  Anne,  youngest  daughter  of  John 
Robertson,  Invercomrie,  Perthshire. 


176  THE  SOCIETY   0^;>YiiI?^^I^S.  TO  THE  SIGNET 

EOY,  EGBERT,  of  Riroy.  7th  Febraary  1822. 

Apprentice  to  ^neas  Macbean. — Son  of  James  Roy,  Surgeon  to  the  Forces  at 
Fort  George.  Born  1796.  Died  10th  September  1873.  Mar.  5th  June  1867, 
Mary,  daughter  of  William  Dean,  Solicitor,  London. 

RUSSEL,  GEORGE.  17th  February  1800. 

Apprentice  to  James  Watson. — Third  son  of  Alexander  Russel  of  Montcoffer, 
Aberdeenshire.  Died  3d  October  1826.  Mar.  13th  March  1804,  his  cousin 
Catherine,  eldest  daughter  of  Thomas  Russel  of  Rathen. 

RUSSELL,  ALEXANDER  JAMES.  "  16th  November  1837. 

Apprentice  to,  and  second  son  of,  John  Russell,  W.S. — Boni  21st  June  1814. 
Died  8th  January  1887.  Mar.  (1)  9th  January  1839,  Magdalene,  daughter  of 
Andrew  Stein  of  Wester  Greenyards,  Stirlingshire;  and  (2)  13th  April  1861, 
Elizabeth  Anne,  youngest  daughter  of  Samuel  Lancaster,  Wateringbury  Place, 
Kent. 

RUSSELL,  GEORGE,  of  Inch.  16th  January  1798. 

Apprentice  to  John  Anderson  of  Inchyra. — Eldest  son  of  James  Russell  of  South 
Inch.  Died  1st  April  1826.  Mar.  11th  November  1798,  Jane,  daughter  of 
William  Simpson  of  Ogel. 

RUSSELL,  HAMILTON.  13th  November  1834. 

Apprentice  to   James  Gillespie  Davidson. — Son  of  Adam  Russell,  Architect  in 
.,f\!  Edinburgh.    Bm-n  22d  September  1801.    Died  18th  June  1881.    Mar.  29th  April 

1839,  Mary,  daughter  of  Rev.  T.  B.  Blackburn,  Durham.     Sheriff-Substitute  at 

Wick,  1849-80. 

RUSSELL,  JAMES.  30th  January  1840. 

Apprentice  to  John  Tweedie. — Fourth  sou  of  Alexander  Russell,  Coachbuilder 
in  Edinburgh.  Bmi  16th  June  1811.  Died  7th  February  1846.  Mar.  1846, 
Isabella,  daughter  of  Charles  Wildgoose,  Captain  in  merchant  service. 

RUSSELL,  JOHN,  of  Braidshaw.  16th  November  1711. 

Apprentice  to  James  Anderson. — Fourth  son  of  James  Russell  of  Kingseat, 
Peeblesshire.  Bm-n  December  1672.  Died  27th  January  1759.  Mar.  (1)  29th 
August  1698,  Maria,  third  daughter  of  Andrew  Russell,  Merchant,  Rotterdam; 
(2)  1706,  Ursala,  daughter  of  Claud  Alexander  of  Newton;  and  (3)  1720,  Mary, 
daughter  of  the  Rev.  W.  Anderson,  Minister  of  West  Calder. 

RUSSELL,  JOHN,  of  Roskburnk.  3d  April  1749. 

Apprentice  to,  and  eldest  son  of,  John  Russell  of  Braidshaw,  Mid-Lothian,  W.S. — 
Born  12th  December  1710.  Died  May  1796.  Mar.  17th  October  1751,  Bethia 
daughter  of  Daniel  Campbell  of  Greenyards,  Stirlingshire. 


LIST  OF  MEMBEES  177 

RUSSELL,  JOHN.  24th  June  1774. 

Apprentice  to,  and  eldest  son  of,  John  Russell  of  Roseburne,  W.S. — Bom  1753. 
Died  2d  December  1792.  Mar.  8th  June  1778,  Eleanor,  daughter  of  the  Rev. 
William  Robertson,  D.D.,  Principal  of  Edinburgh  University. 

RUSSELL,  JOHN.  Sth  March  1803. 

Apprentice  to  James  Dundas. — Only  son  of  John  Russell,  W.S.  Bom  22d 
February  1780.  Died  30th  January  1862.  Mar.  10th  June  1810,  Cecilia, 
daughter  of  Lieutenant-Colonel  John  Murray,  son  of  William  Murray  of  Touch- 
adam,  Stirlingshire.  Third  Clerk  to  Jury  Court,  1815-30.  Principal  Clerk  of 
Session,  9th  May  1842-58. 

RUSSELL,  PATRICK,  or  Kellerstain.  24th  February  1794. 

Apprentice  to  John  Russell,  Sen.,  and  John  Russell,  Jun. — Fifth  son  of  John 
Russell,  W.S.  Bom  1771.  Died  9th  April  1835.  Mar.  28th  December  1799, 
Rebecca  Thomas,  daughter  of  Michael  Carmichael  of  Hazelhead.     Fiscal,  1807-20. 

RUSSELL,  WILLIAM.  30th  November  1675. 

Apprentice  to  Alexander  Leslie. — Mar.  13th  October  1668,  Catherine,  daughter 
of  Alexander  Leslie,  W.S. 

RUTHERFOORD,  JOHN,  of  Knowsouth.  31st  July  1798. 

Apprentice  to  William  Riddell. — Eldest  son  of  Thomas  Rutherfoord  of  Know- 
south,  Roxburghshire.     Died  April  1811. 

RUTHERFORD,  ANDREW.  Sth  August  1649. 

Apprentice  to  Adam  Watt  and  Alexander  Douglas. — Re-admitted  21st  November 
1661. 

RUTHERFORD,  JAMES,  of  Ashintully.  5th  August  1777. 

Apprentice  to  James  Ramsay. — Third  son  of  Andrew  Rutherford,  Tanner,  Kirk- 
caldy.    5aTOl729.     DJf^  18th  May  1817.     Mtr.  Elizabeth  Wardlaw. 

RUTHERFORD,  JAMES.  7th  February  1822. 

Apprentice  to  James  Wright. — Son  of  James  Rutherford,  Merchant  in  Edinburgh. 
Died  3d  September  1843,  aged  47.  Mar.  27th  November  1820,  Susannah 
Hardcastle,  of  Haughton,  daughter  of  Michael  Hardcastle  of  Haughton,  Durham. 

RUTHERFORD,  JOHN.  14th  November  1800. 

Apprentice  to  Robert  Trotter. — Eldest  son  of  John  Rutherford  of  Mossburn, 
Roxburghshire.     Diet?  1822. 

RUTHERFORD,  ROBERT.  7th  March  1815. 

Apprentice  to  Thomas  Cranstoa — Second  son  of  Dr.  Daniel  Rutherford,  Physician 
in  Edinburgh.  Born  22d  February  1790.  Died  6th  June  1866,  unmarried. 
Deputy-Keeper  of  the  Abbey  of  Holyrood. 


178  THE  SOCIETY   OF  WEITERS   TO   THE   SIGNET 

RUTHERFURD,  GEORGE,  of  Fairnington.  29th  June  1759. 

Apprentice  to  Samuel  Mitchelson. — Son  of  George  Rutherfurd  of  Fairnington, 
Roxburghshire.  Died  27th  October  1774.  Mar.  August  1757,  Mary,  daughter 
of  Strother  Ker  of  Littledean,  Roxburghshire. 

RUTHERFURD,  JAMES  HUNTER  10th  January  1887. 

Apprentice  to  George  Dalziel. — Son  of  Andrew  Rutherfurd,  Advocate,  Sheriff- 
Substitute  of  Mid-Lothian.     Born  13th  June  1864. 

RUTHERFURD,  JOHN.  26th  November  1829. 

Apprentice  to  William  Bell. — Son  of  John  Rutherfurd,  Saddler  in  Jedburgh. 
B(yrn  20th  December  1803.  Died  29th  November  1865.  Mar.  23d  February 
1836,  Cassandra,  daughter  of  Adam  Scott  Elliot  of  Arkleton,  Dumfriesshire. 

RUTHERFURD,  JOHN.  22d  March  1866. 

Apprentice  to,  and  son  of,  John  Rutherfurd,  W.S. — Born  3d  February  1841. 

RYMER,  JOHN.  9th  June  1825. 

Apprentice  to  John  Mowbray. — Son  of  Henry  Rymer,  Merchant  in  Bo'ness.  Born 
1800.  Died  3d  August  1837.  Mar.  1st  October  1834,  Christian,  only  daughter 
of  Lieutenant-Colonel  Dalgleish  of  West  Grange,  Perthshire. 

SANDEMAN,  DAVID  CHISHOLM,  of  Kirkwood.  13th  November  1828. 

Apprentice  to  William  Mackenzie. — Third  son  of  David  George  Sandeman  of 
Springland,  Perthshire.  Bmrn  24th  March  1806.  Died  13th  November  1852. 
Mar.  4th  April  1843,  Julia,  only  daughter  of  John  Robertsou  of  Foveran, 
Aberdeenshire. 

SANDERSON,  WILLIAM.  11th  December  1828. 

Apprentice  to  James  Greig. — Son  of  John  Sanderson,  Lapidary  in  Edinburgh. 
Born  1802.     Died  25th  June  1836,  unmarried. 

SANDILANDS,  MATTHEW,  of  Couston.  2d  December  1779. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  James  Home ;  and  (2)  Walter  Scott. — Only  son  of  Rev. 
Matthew  Sandilands,  Minister  of  Eccles.     Died  3d  August  1821. 

SANDILANDS,  ROBERT.  26th  May  1818. 

Apprentice  to  John  Tod. — Fourth  son  of  George  Sandilands  of  Nuthill,  Fifeshire. 
Born  1790.  Died  20th  May  1872.  Mar.  14th  July  1829,  Mary,  youngest 
daughter  of  Sir  Charles  Style,  Bart.,  of  Wateringbury,  Kent  Assistant  Judge 
at  Nassau,  New  Providence. 

SANDS,  WARREN  HASTINGS.  25th  May  1814. 

Apprentice  to  James  Thomson. — Second  son  of  William  Sands,  Major  in  the 
Service  of  the  Hon.  East  India  Company.  Born  1791.  Died  1st  February  1874. 
Mar.  5th  June  1820,  Harrietta  Lindesay,  youngest  daughter  of  Henry  Bethune 
of  Kilconquhar,  Fifeshire.    Agent  to  Teind  Court,  1825. 


LIST  OF  MEMBEKS  i  179 

SANDS,  WILLIAM,  of  Langsidk  25th  November  1780. 

Apprentice  to  William  Macdonald. — Third  son  of  William  Sands  of  Langside. 
Died  20th  June  1783. 

SANDS,  WILLIAM  JOHN.  2  2d  May  1845. 

Apprentice  to,  and  eldest  son  of,  WaiTen  Hastings  Sands,  W.S. — Born  9th  July 
1821.  Died  11th  April  1879.  Mar.  8th  June  1852,  Augusta  Sophia,  daughter 
of  Major-General  Wemyss  of  Green  Park,  Bath. 

SANDY,  GEORGK  10th  July  1798. 

Apprentice  to  Anthony  Barclay. — Son  of  George  Sandy,  Writer  in  Edinburgh. 
Born  \711.     Died  8th  April  1853.     Secretary  to  the  Bank  of  Scotland. 

SANG,  DAVID.  13th  July  1871. 

Apprentice  to  Alexander  Forsyth  Adam. — Son  of  John  Sang,  S  S.C.  Bm-n  27th 
January  1838.     Died  27th  May  1883,  unmarried. 

SANG,  JOHN  HENRY,  LL.B.  20th  October  1884. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  Robert  Blair  Maconochie;  and  (2)  Andrew  Forrester. — Son  of 
George  Sang,  S.S.C.     Born  26th  May  1861. 

SAUNDERS,  JAMES.  10th  August  1775. 

Apprentice  to  Charles  Gordon. — Died  16th  May  1795.  Mar.  Margaret,  daughter 
of  Joseph  Williamson,  Advocate. 

SCARTH,  PILLANS.  10th  March  1825. 

Apprentice  to  Walter  Dickson. — Son  of  James  Scarth,  Merchant  in  Leith.  Died 
24th  October  1881.  Mar.  5th  June  1828,  Cecilia,  daughter  of  the  Rev.  Thomas 
Scott,  Minister  of  Newton,  Mid-Lothian. 

SCHENIMAN,  HOPE.  4th  June  1829. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  Robert  Y.  Anderson;  (2)  Archibald  Crawford;  and  (3)  R.  Y. 
Anderson. — Youngest  son  of  Ferdinand  Scheniman,  Accoimtant  in  Edinburgh. 
Died  28th  November  1858,  aged  54,  unmarried. 

SCHOIR,  ADAM. 

Signs  Minute  of  16th  December  1594. 

SCOTLAND,  JOHN,  of  Glendouglas.  7th  July  1815. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  Charles  Innes ;  (2)  William  Handyside.— Son  of  Thomas 
Scotland,  W.S.  Died  14th  October  1860,  aged  69.  Mar.  (1)  24th  April  1820, 
Mary,  daughter  of  Robert  Bum,  Architect,  Edinburgh;  and  (2)  26th  June  1851, 
Anne  Catherine,  daughter  of  Browne  Roberts  of  Ravenbourne  Park,  Lewisham. 

SCOTLAND,  THOMAS,  of  Wester  Luscar.  12th  July  1791. 

Apprentice  to  James  Buchan.— Son  of  John  Scotland,  Merchant  in  Perth,  Died 
26th  November  1824.     Mar. 


180  THE  SOCIETY   OF  WEITEES  TO   THE   SIGNET 

SCOTT,  ALEXANDER,  of  Tkinity.  27th  February  1817. 

Apprentice  to  Joseph  Cauvin. — Eldest  son  of  William  Scott,  Solicitor-at-Law. 
Bom  1792.  Died  at  Melbourne  22d  May  1840.  Mar.  (1)  3d  August  1819,  Helen 
Sutherland,  only  daughter  of  Ebenezer  Mai-shall  Gardiner  of  Hillcairny  ;  and  (2) 
5th  August  1823,  Magdalene,  second  daughter  of  William  Blair  of  Blair,  Ayr- 
shire. 

SCOTT,  ANDREW.  8th  July  1823. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  Joseph  Cauvin  ;  and  (2)  James  Carnegie. — Eldest  son  of  David 
Scott,  Farmer  at  Northfield,  Duddingston.  Born  1798.  Died  31st  October  1874. 
Mar.  (1)  31st  October  1827,  Mary  Ann,  daughter  of  William  Affleck,  Liverpool ; 
and  (2)  29th  June  1847,  Marion  S.,  daughter  of  James  Lidderdale,  Lochbank, 
Castle-Douglas. 

SCOTT,  ANDREW.  18th  November  186L 

Apprentice  to  James  Peddie. — Son  of  Andrew  Scott,  W.S.  Bom  26th  November 
1834.  Died  31st  October  1870.  Mar.  21st  March  1870,  Barbara  Jennison,  eldest 
daughter  of  Thomas  Beamish  of  Cashelmore,  County  Cork,  and  widow  of  Alfred 
Henry  Hannay. 

SCOTT,  ANDREW  GEDDES.  19th  October  1885. 

Apprentice  to  Robert  Burt  Ranken. — Son  of  William  David  Scott,  S.S.C.  Bom 
8th  March  1861. 

SCOTT,  ANDREW  THOMAS  STEELE,  of  Crosswoodhiuu  21st  April  1875. 

Apprentice  to  John  Cook. — Son  of  Archibald  Scott,  Solicitor  in  Edinburgh.  Bom 
30th  September  1851.  Mar.  15th  April  1879,  Anna  Eupheniia,  daughter  of 
John  Menzies  Baillie  of  Culterallers,  Lanarkshire. 

SCOTT,  CHARLES  BALFOUR.  .  10th  March  1806. 

Apprentice  to  Archibald  Gibson. — Second  son  of  Charles  Scott  of  Woll,  Roxburgh- 
shire. Bom  1782.  Died  3d  February  1838.  Mar.  9th  November  1818,  Eliza, 
second  daughter  of  the  Rev.  Alexander  Ker,  Minister  of  Stobo. 

SCOTT,  CHARLES  FRANCIS.  14tli  July  1890. 

Apprentice  to  F.  Pitman,  J.  R.  Anderson,  W.  H.  Murray  and  A.  Pitman. — Only 
surviving  son  of  George  Ferme  Scott,  S.S.C.    Bmn  20th  December  1866, 

SCOTT,  DAVID,  of  Simbister.  15th  May  1817. 

Apprentice  to  Henry  Moncrieff. — Son  of  Andrew  Scott,  Watchmaker  in  Dingwall. 
Died  suddenly  22d  January  1839,  aged  48.  Mar.  14th  December  1821,  Theodosia, 
youngest  daughter  of  Robert  Anderson,  Edinburgh. 

SCOTT,  GEORGE.  24th  May  1827. 

Apprentice  to  John  K.  Campbell  and  Andrew  Clason. — Son  of  William  Scott, 
Brewer  in  Leith.    Bom  1804.    Died  12th  May  1833,  unmarried. 


LIST  or  MEMBERS  181 

SCOTT,  HERCULES,  of  Brotherton.  19th  March  1719. 

Apprentice  to  Thomas  Pringle. — Son  of  Hercules  Scott  of  Brotherton,  Kincardine- 
shire. Born  1659.  Died  March  1725.  Mar.  1707,  Helen,  eldest  daughter  of  Sir 
Charles  Ramsay  of  Balmain,  Bart.    Substitute-Keeper  of  the  Signet. 

SCOTT,  JAMES. 

Signs  Minute  of  17th  January  1606.     Died  1628. 

SCOTT,  JAMES,  of  Scotsloch.  20th  December  1672. 

Apprentice  to  James  Allan. — Third  son  of  Sir  William  Scott  of  Clerkington, 
East  Lothian,  Senator  of  the  College  of  Justice.     Mar.  Margaret  Boyd. 

SCOTT,  JAMES.  9th  January  1738. 

Apprentice  to  Robert  Dalrymple. — Son  of  James  Scott,  Writer  in  Edinburgh. 
Died  12th  December  1792.  Mar.  Margaret,  daughter  of  Andrew  Marjoribanks 
of  that  Ilk. 

SCOTT,  JAMES,  of  Brotherton.  18th  June  1802. 

Apprentice  to  Charles  Innes. — Son  of  David  Scott  of  Netherholm,  Kincardine- 
shire.    Bom  1776.     Died  22d  September  1844,  unmarried, 

SCOTT,  JOHN,  of  Glenormiston.  26th  February  1784. 

Apprentice  to  Cornelius  Elliot. — Youngest  son  of  William  Scott  of  Woll,  Rox- 
burghshire.   Died  24th  March  1803.     Mar.  Beatrice  Caverhill. 

SCOTT,  JOHN,  OF  Teviotbank.  15th  November  1832. 

Apprentice  to  Gilbert  Laurie  Finlay. — Son  of  William  Scott  of  Teviotbank, 
Roxburghshire,  W.S.  Born  2d  October  1809.  Died  16th  July  1867.  Mar.  2d 
October  1850,  Anne,  second  daughter  of  Henry  Singleton,  of  Belpatrick,  County 
Louth. 

SCOTT,  JOHN,  LL.B.  19th  October  1885. 

Apprentice  to  Robert  Craigie  Bell. — Son  of  William  Scott,  residing  at  Coaltown 
of  Balgonie,  Markinch.     Bom  21st  March  1861. 

SCOTT,  PATRICK.  5th  December  1699. 

Apprentice  to  Robert  Innes. — Nephew  of  Hercules  Scott,  Merchant,  Edinburgh. 
Died  August  1711.     Mar.  Elizabeth  Cunningham. 

SCOTT,  THOMAS.  4th  August  1777. 

Apprentice  to  Leonard  Urquhart. — Seventh  son  of  Archibald  Scott  of  Rossie, 
Fifeshire.     Died  24th  June  1794. 

SCOTT,  THOMAS.  19th  November  1797. 

Apprentice  to  George  Johnston. — Eighth  son  of  Walter  Scott,  W.S.  Bwn  1774. 
Died  in  Canada  14th  February  1823.  Mar.  16th  December  1799,  Elizabeth,  third 
daughter  of  David  M'CulIoch  of  Ardwall,  Kirkcudbrightshire.  Extractor  of 
Court  of  Session,  1810.  Officer  of  Manx  Fencibles.  Paymaster  of  the  70th 
Regiment. 


jm  THE  SOCIETY  OP   WKITEES   TO   THE  SIGNET 

SCOTT,  THOMAS  GRAY.  27th  June  1833. 

Apprentice  to  Walter  Dickson  and  James  Steuart. — Son  of  Archibald  Scott, 
Solicitor-at-Law,  Edinburgh,  and  Procurator-Fiscal  for  Mid-Lothian.  Bom  29th 
August  1811.  Died  at  Madeira  15th  January  1856.  Mar.  11th  April  1844, 
Ellinor,  daughter  of  Samuel  Cooper  of  Failford,  Ayrshire. 

SCOTT,  THOMAS  MACMILLAN,  of  Wauchope.  22d  November  1838. 

Apprentice  to  Lawrence  Davidson  and  Thomas  Syme. — Eldest  son  of  Walter 
Scott  of  Wauchope,  Roxburghshire.  Born  13th  February  1816.  Died  10th  June 
1862.  Mar.  10th  April  1844,  Catherine,  daughter  of  Browne  Roberts  of  Ravens- 
bourne  Park,  Kent. 

SCOTT,  WALTER.  13th  January  1755. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  James  Pringle ;  and  (2)  Thomas  Cockburn. — Son  of  Robert 
Scott  in  Sandyknowes,  Roxburghshire.  Boi-n  11th  May  1729.  Died  12th  April 
1799.  Mar.  April  1758,  Anne,  eldest  daughter  of  John  Rutherford,  M.D., 
Professor  of  Medicine  in  the  University  of  Edinburgh.  Father  of  Sir  Walter 
Scott,  Bart.,  Novelist. 

SCOTT,  Sir  WILLIAM,  of  Elie. 

Commissioner,  16th  December  1594. — Son  of  John  Scott  of  Orchardfield, 
Edinburgh.  Died  1628,  aged  82.  Mar.  (1)  Elizabeth,  daughter  of  Hamilton  of 
Priestfield  ;  (2)  Isobel,  daughter  of  David  Durie  of  that  Ilk  ;  and  (3)  1602,  Jean, 
daughter  of  Sir  John  Skene,  Clerk  Register.  Director  in  Chancery  1592.  Clerk 
of  Session. 

SCOTT,  WILLIAM. 

Commissioner,  18th  October  1631. — Clerk  of  Council  and  Session. 

SCOTT,  WILLIAM,  of  Teviotbank.  23d  May  1808. 

Apprentice  to  William  Riddell. — Only  son  of  John  Scott  of  Glenormiston,  Peebles- 
shire, W.S.  Bmi  1782.  Died  18th  August  1841.  Mar.  (1)  22d  September  1808, 
Miss  Jordan  of  Edinburgh;  and  (2)  9th  October  1816,  Margaret,  second  daughter 
of  Dr,  Duncan,  Edinburgh. 

SCRIMGEOUR,  HENRY,  of  Wester  Lochgelly.  9th  February  1702. 

Apprentice  to  John  Montgomery. — Son  of  Mr.  James  Scrimgeour,  Minister  of 
Currie.  Died  9th  October  1731.  Mar.  23d  February  1704,  Agnes,  daughter  of 
Uthred  Macdougall  of  Hagburu. 

SCRIMGEOUR,  HENRY.  14th  July  1735. 

Apprentice  to  Charles  Farquharson. — Son  of  Henry  Scrimgeour  of  Wester  Loch- 
gelly, Fifeshire,  W.S.  Died  29th  Mai-ch  1778.  Mar.  June  1743,  Margaret, 
daughter  of  George  Cruickshanks  of  Banchory. 


LIST  OF  MEMBEKS  183 

SELLAR,  JAMES  TYREELL.  ICth  January  1879. 

Apprentice  to  T.  G.  Murray  and  J.  A.  Jamieson. — Eldest  son  of  the  Rev.  James 
Annand  Sellar,  Incumbent  of  St.  Peter's  Episcopal  Church,  Edinburgh.  Bom  3d 
June  1854.  liar.  21st  October  1885,  Eliza,  daughter  of  John  Granger  of  Pitcur, 
Forfarshire. 

SEMPLE,  ALEXANDER. 
Died  1628. 

SEMPLE,  JOHN,  of  Balgone.  28th  August  1635. 

Apprentice  to  Harry  Veache. — Brother  of  Mr.  James  Semple,  Minister  of 
Carmichael.  Died  20th  June  1662.  Mar.  Anna,  second  daughter  of  Sir  Archibald 
Sydserff,  Bailie  of  Edinburgh.     Commissioner,  1st  May  1649. 

SEMPLE,  JOHN,  of  Balgone.  23d  July  1674. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  John  Semple,  his  uncle  j  and  (2)  Walter  Ewing. — Died  1680. 

SETON,  WILLIAM.  6th  December  1707. 

Apprentice  to  Arthur  Forbes. — Died  18th  August  1747. 

SHAND,  DAVID  LISTER.  25th  November  1869. 

Apprentice  to  John  Cook. — Son  of  John  Shand,  W.S.  Bm'n  31st  July  1839. 
Mar.  23d  July  1873,  Angelica  Manning,  daughter  of  John  Inglis  Harvey  of 
Kinnettles,  Forfarshire,  Accountant-General,  Bengal. 

SHAND,  JOHN.  4th  December  1823. 

Apprentice  to  Hugh  M'Queen. — Son  of  the  Rev.  James  Shand,  Minister  of  Mary- 
kirk.  Bern  6th  January  1801.  Died  26th  October  1876.  Mar.  4th  September 
1827,  Isobel,  only  daughter  of  David  Lister  of  Kininmonth,  Fifeshire,  W.S. 

SHAND,  JOHN  BATTY.  26th  November  1829. 

Apprentice  to  William  Bell. — Second  son  of  John  Shand  of  the  Burn,  Kincardine- 
shire.   Born  1804.     Died  1st  August  1877,  unmarried. 

SHARPE,  WILLIAM,  of  Hoddam.  10th  July  1820. 

Apprentice  to  John  Forman. — Son  of  Charles  Sharpe  of  Hoddam,  Dumfriesshire. 
Born  1791.     Died  18th  December  1875,  unmarried, 

SHAW,  CHARLES.  11th  December  1834. 

Apprentice  to  William  Mackenzie. — Son  of  Duncan  Shaw,  residing  at  Nunton, 
Benbecula.  Born  1st  March  1812.  Died  10th  September  1885.  Mar.  4th  August 
1842,  Ann  Margaret,  eldest  daughter  of  James  Thomas  Macdonald  of  Balranald, 
North  Uist.     Sheriflf-Substitute  at  Lochmaddy,  1843-81. 

SHAW,  DAVID.  21st  May  1812. 

Apprentice  to  Craufurd  Tait. — Eldest  son  of  Charles  Shaw,  Writer  in  Ayr.  Bom 
5th  November  1788.  Died  9th  October  1870.  Mar.  1st  November  1826,  Glencairn 
Dalrymple,  eldest  daughter  of  John  Armstrong,  Cherry  Vale,  County  Antrim. 


184  THE   SOCIETY   OF  WEITERS   TO   THE   SIGNET 

SHAW,  DAVID.  27th  June  1872. 

Apprentice  to  Thomas  Thomson  and  David  Scot  Dickson. — Bom  14th  June  1835. 

SHAW,  DUNCAN.  21st  January  1874. 

Apj)rentice  to  Colin  Mackenzie  and  A.  D.  M.  Black. — Son  of  Charles  Shaw,  W.S. 
Born  7th  October  1850.  Mar.  15th  January  1889,  Elizabeth,  third  daughter  of 
George  Gordon,  Aberdeen. 

SHEPHERD,  ALFRED.  11th  April  1887. 

Apprentice  to  James  Hotchkis  Jameson. — Son  of  David  Shepherd,  Property 
Agent,  Dundee.     Born  6th  June  1857. 

SHEPHERD,  JAMES.  10th  March  1817. 

Apprentice  to  George  Dunlop. — Son  of  the  Rev.  Robert  Shepherd,  Minister  of 

Daviot.     Born  6th  February  1790.     Died  4th  December  1857.     Mar.  2d  May 

1848,  Marion  Scott,  daughter  of  William  Handyside,  W.S. 
SIBBALD,  CHARLES.  22d  November  1776. 

Apprentice  to  John  Bell. — Son  of  William  Sibbald,  Tailor,  Edinburgh.    Died  11th 

October  1777. 

SIBBALD,  DAVID,  of  Abden.  2d  June  1809. 

Apprentice  to  Edward  Bruce. — Son  of  John  Sibbald  of  Abden,  Fifeshire.  Died 
23d  February  1815. 

SIBBALD,  GEORGE.  18th  January  1656. 

Apprentice  to  John  Learmonth. — Son  of  James  Sibbald  in  Drumgay.  Died  March 
1668.     Mar.  Janet  Learmonth.     Re-admitted  14th  January  1662. 

SIBBALD,  HENRY.  27th  February  1819. 

Apprentice  to  James  Gibson. — Ninth  son  of  William  Sibbald  of  Gladswood, 
Merchant  in  Leith.  Born  1793.  Died  13th  August  1837.  Mar.  3d  October 
1821,  Agnes,  only  child  of  James  Edmund,  Glasgow. 

SIBBALD,  WILLIAM  GRAHAM.  14th  July  1890. 

Apprentice  to  D.  Henry  and  Charles  Cook. — Son  of  John  Sibbald,  M.D.,  Edin- 
burgh.   Bom  25th  October  1866. 

SIMPSON,  DANIEL.  26th  July  1695. 

Apprentice  to  George  M'Kenzie. — Died  28th  January  1715.  Mar.  June  1698, 
Jean,  daughter  of  Robert  Aitchison  of  Sydserff,  East  Lothian. 

SIMPSON,  JOHN.  1727. 

Apprentice  to  Alexander  Mitchell  of  Craigend. — Di^d  before  1733. 

SIMPSON,  ROBERT  RUSSELL.  12th  November  1869. 

Apprentice  to  Thomas  Dawson  Brodie. — Fourth  son  of  Alexander  Simpson, 
Banker  in  Bathgate,  and  nephew  of  Sir  James  Young  Simpson,  Bart.  Born  31st 
December  1840.  Mar.  26th  December  1877,  Helen  Dymock,  eldest  daughter  of 
Samuel  Raleigh,  Manager,  Scottish  Widows'  Fund,  Edinburgh. 


LIST  OF  MEMBEES  i  185 

SIMSON,  CHARLES  SIMSON  RANKINE,  of  TiiREirwooD.  Utli  March  1872: 

Apprentice  to  John  and  James  Turn  bull. — Son  of  the  Rev.  John  Rankine,  D.D., 
Minister  of  Som.  Born  15th  October  1847.  Assumed  name  of  Simson  on  suc- 
ceeding to  estate  of  Threipwood. 

SIMSON,  JOHN  THOMAS.  31st  May  1860. 

Apprentice  to  James  Shepherd,  T.  M.  Grant,  and  William  Cuthbertson. — Son  of 
the  Rev.  Henry  Simson,  Minister  of  Chapel  of  Garioch,  Aberdeenshire.  Bm'n 
26th  May  1837.     Disd  9th  November  1865,  unmarried. 

SINCLAIR,  GEORGE.  4th  August  1777. 

Apprentice  to  Leonard  Urquhart. — Third  son  of  James  Sinclair  of  Durran,  Caith- 
ness. Died  6th  December  1779.  Mar.  19th  September  1775,  Elizabeth,  daugh- 
ter of  John  Sutherland  of  Forse,  Caithness. 

SINCLAIR,  GEORGE  LEWIS,  of  Dalreoch.  23d  November  1827. 

Apprentice  to  William  Renny. — Second  son  of  James  Sinclair  of  Forss,  Caithness. 
Bom  1803.  Died  22d  October  1878.  Mar.  11th  February  1830,  Frances  Ann, 
second  daughter  of  John  Boazman  of  Acornbank,  Westmoreland. 

SINCLAIR,  GEORGE  SUTHERLAND.  12th  November  1829. 

Apprentice  to  James  and  Charles  Nairne. — Son  of  Lieutenant-Colonel  John 
Sutherland,  R.A.     Born  1805.     Died  16th  January  1834,  unmarried. 

SINCLAIR,  JOHN,  of  Balgrigie.  28th  June  1736. 

Apprentice  to  James  Graham. — Only  son  of  George  Ross,  Advocate.  Died  26th 
October  1784.  Mar.  25th  October  1753,  Rachel,  daughter  of  John  Moncriefif, 
Merchant,  Perth.    Admitted  Advocate  11th  June  1748. 

SINCLAIR,  PETER.  18th  June  1739. 

Died  1763.    Fiscal,  1755-63. 

SINCLAIR,  ROBERT.  31st  December  1708. 

Apprentice  to  John  M'Farlane. — Died  11th  April  1715,  aged  30.  Mar.  18th 
January  1711,  Lilias,  daughter  of  John  Anderson,  Coppersmith  in  Edinburgh. 

SINCLAIR,  WILLIAM.  8th  August  1785. 

Apprentice  to  Francis  Anderson.— Youngest  son  of  Alexander  Sinclair  of  Barrock, 
Caithness.     Died  7th  July  1 799,  unmarried.     Commissary  of  Caithness. 

SINGER,  JAMES.  12th  December  1822. 

Apprentice  to  Robert  Ainslie. — Son  of  the  Rev.  William  Singer,  D.D.,  Minister  of 
Kirkpatrick-Juxta.     Died  1st  February  1836,  aged  35,  unmarried. 

SKELTON,  JAMES.  12th  February  1824. 

Apprentice  to  Robert  Fleeming. — Son  of  John  Skelton,  Sheriff-Substitute  at 
Kinross.  Born  1799.  Died  14th  May  1882.  Mar.  11th  October  1830,  Margaret 
Marjory,  eldest  daughter  of  Thomas  Kinnear  of  Kinloch,  Fifeshire.  Sheriff-Sub- 
stitute at  Peterhead,  1829-70. 

2  a 


186  THE   SOCIETY   OF  WRITEES   TO   THE  SIGNET 

SKENE,  JAMES. 

Mentioned  16th  May  1611. 

SKENE,  JOHN,  of  Hallyaeds. 

Commissioner,  18th  October  1631.  Second  son  of  Sir  John  Skene  of  Curriehill, 
Lord  Register.  Died  December  1644.  Mar.  29th  June  1603,  Alison,  sister  of 
William  Rigg  of  Athernie^  Fifeshire.     Clerk  of  the  Bills,  1614.    Clerk  of  Session. 

SKENE,  WILLIAM  FORBES,  D.C.L.,  LL.D.  16th  November  1831. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  Francis  Wilson ;  and  (2)  Sir  H.  Jardine,  G.  T.  Stodart,  and 
William  Eraser. — Son  of  James  Skene  of  Rubislaw,  Advocate.  £mn  7th  June 
1809.  Author  of  The  Siffhlanders  of  Scotland,  tJieir  Origin,  History,  and  Antiquities, 
1837  ;  Celtic  Scotland,  and  other  works.  Depute-Clerk  of  Session,  1st  November 
1853-67.     Historiographer-Royal  for  Scotland,  1881. 

SKINNER,  JOHN  ROBERT.  6th  July  1813. 

Apprentice  to  Alexander  Youngson. — Son  of  James  Skinner,  Writer  in  Edin- 
burgh. Bm-n  1786.  Died  13th  September  1849.  Mar.  21st  April  1814,  Ann, 
daughter  of  William  Black,  Writer  in  Brechin. 

SKINNER,  WILLIAM,  of  Corra.  16th  November  1848. 

Apprentice  to  John  Hunter,  Auditor  of  Court. — Son  of  John  Robert  Skinner, 

W.S.     Born  24th  July  1823.    Mar.  (1)  18th  June  1850,  John  Ann  Farish,  only 

,  surviving  child  of  Robert  Kirk  of  Drumstenchill,  Kirkcudbrightshire ;   and  (2) 

,.  25th   November   1880,  Charlotte   Eremengarde,   youngest  daughter  of  Charles 

Warren  of  Longford  and  Market-Drayton.     Town-Clerk  of  Edinburgh  since  1874. 

SLIGO,  GEORGE,  of  Auldhame.  23d  June  1820. 

Apprentice  to  William  Dallas. — Youngest  son  of  John  Sligo,  Merchant  in  Leith. 
Born  1797.  Died  3d  December  1847.  Mar.  4th  June  1822,  Anna  Sita,  eldest 
daughter  of  Benjamin  Outram  of  Butterly  Hall,  Derbyshire. 

SMALL,  ALEXANDER  MURISON.  27th  June  1878. 

Apprentice  to  Robert  and  James  Alexander  Haldane. — Son  of  James  Small, 
Accountant,  Calcutta,  and  grandson  of  the  Rev.  Alexander  Small,  D.D.,  Stirling. 
Brni  26th  July  1854. 

SMALL,  J. 

Signs  Minute  of  17th  January  1606. 

SMALL,  PATRICK. 

Mentioned  20th  January  1608.     Mar.  9th  August  1598,  Isabella  Coult. 

SMALL,  THOMAS.  5th  March  1801. 

Apprentice  to  William  Dunbar. — Only  son  of  Charles  Small,  Wigmaker  in  Edin- 
burgh. Died  1st  October  1830.  Mar.  (2)  27th  April  1829,  Margaret,  daughter 
of  Colin  Clark,  Edinburgh.     Marchmont  Herald,  1801-30. 


LIST  OF  MEMBERS  .  187 

SMITH,  ADAM.  31st  March  1707. 

Apprentice  to  William  Thomson. — Died  1726.     Mar.  Lilias  Drummond. 

SMITH,  ALEXANDER.  23d  February  1816. 

Apprentice  to  John  Smith,  his  brother. — Son  of  Thomas  Smith,  one  of  the 
Principal  Clerks  of  the  Bills.  Died  3d  August  1868,  aged  82.  Mar.  (1)  1st  June 
1830,  Mary,  eldest  daughter  of  James  Christie  of  Durie,  Fifeshire ;  and  (2)  27th 
July  1842,  Margaret  Louisa,  daughter  of  Henry  Wedderburn  of  Wedderburn. 

SMITH,  ANDREW.  6th  July  1813. 

Apprentice  to  John  Campbell  of  Annfield. — Eldest  son  of  John  Smith,  Farmer  at 
Law,  Linlithgowshire.     Died  17th  December  1861,  aged  77,  unmarried. 

SMITH,  DAVID.  30th  November  1826. 

Apprentice  to  James  Greig. — Second  son  of  Alexander  Smith,  Banker  in  Edin- 
burgh. Bm-n  13th  January  1803.  Died  16th  December  1880.  ilfar.  (1)  Uth 
September  1830,  Harriet  Elizabeth,  daughter  of  Thomas  Allan  of  Lauriston ;  and 
(2)  22d  February  1849,  Charlotte  Eliza,  second  daughter  of  Charles  William 
Bigge  of  liinden,  Northumberland. 

SMITH,  DONALD  M'CALLUM.  16th  July  1888. 

Apprentice  to  James  Bumess. — Son  of  Alexander  Bell  Smith,  LL.D.,  Edinburgh. 
Born  23d  July  1863. 

SMITH,  HARRY.  25th  November  1852. 

Apprentice  to  John  and  John  Robert  Tod. — Fifth  son  of  Alexander  Smith, 
Advocate  in  Aberdeen.  Barn  12th  August  1829.  Mar.  6th  August  1861,  Julia 
Medina,  daughter  of  Colonel  Rice  Jones,  K.H.,  Royal  Engineers.  Admitted 
Advocate  6th  June  1857.     Sheriff-Substitute  at  Greenock,  1874-85. 

SMITH,  JOHN.  23d  July  1628. 

Apprentice  to  George  Mack. 

SMITH,  JOHN. 

See  Cunningham,  John  Smith. 
SMITH,  JOHN.  21st  December  1730. 

Sheriff-Clerk  of  Lanarkshire,  1743;  Fiscal,   1763-77.     Resigned  his  Commission 

Uth  July  1778. 

SMITH,  JOHN  FAIRFULL,  of  Westfield.  19th  November  1829. 

Apprentice  to  William  Bell.— Son  of  Captain  Smith  of  the  33d  Regiment.  Died 
7th  January  1868,  aged  62.  Mar.  (1)  12th  June  1830,  Caroline,  third  daughter 
of  Dutton  Smith  Turner  of  Clarendon,  Jamaica;  and  (2)  10th  January  1850, 
Alexandrina,  second  daughter  of  William  Thomson,  Dumfries. 

SMITH,  WILLIAM.  29th  May  1878. 

Apprentice  to  James  Peddie  and  Alexander  Peddie  Waddell. — Son  of  William 
Smith,  Writer  in  Edinburgh.  Bm-n  20th  May  1855.  Mar.  7th  February  1882, 
Elizabeth  Mary,  eldest  daughter  of  Jackson  Coward  Robinson,  Ambleside. 


188  THE   SOCIETY   OF   WRITERS  TO   THE   SIGNET 

SMYTH,  JAMES,  of  Balhaery.  5th  April  1742. 

Apprentice  to  James  Graham. — Son  of  John  Smyth  of  Lietsie,  Writer  in  Alyth. 
Died  1781.     Mar.  Cecil,  eldest  daughter  of  Dr.  John  Kinloch. 

SMYTH,  JAMES.  lOth  December  1789. 

Apprentice  to  Thomas  Adaii-. — Son  of  Robert  Smyth,  Schoolmaster  in  Paisley. 
Born  1759.  Died  28th  June  1827.  Mar.  2.3d  March  1798,  Barbara,  daughter  of 
John  Barbour  of  Laws,  Renfrewshire. 

SMYTH,  JOHN,  of  Balharry.  12th  July  1779. 

Apprentice  to,  and  only  sou  of,  James  Smyth,  W.S. — Died  7th  February  1809. 
Mar.  (1)  Agatha,  fourth  daughter  of  Sir  John  Wedderbum,  third  Baronet  of 
Blackness  ;  and  (2)  Joanna,  daughter  of  Robert  Gray,  Writer  in  Edinburgh. 

SMYTH,  ROBERT,  of  Balharry.  2d  June  1809. 

Apprentice  to,  and  second  son  of,  John  Smyth,  W.S. — Died  6th  October  1855, 
aged  73,  unmarried. 

SMYTH,  ROBERT  GILLESPIE,  of  Gibliston.  18th  June  1802. 

Apprentice  to  John  Campbell  (1785). — Son  of  Dr.  James  Gillespie,  Principal  of 
St  Mary's  College,  St.  Andrews.  Bor7i  4th  February  1777.  Died  11th  November 
1855.  Mar.  8th  November  1806,  Amelia,  daughter  of  Sir  Robert  Murray  Keith, 
Bart.     Assumed  name  of  Smyth  on  succeeding  to  estate  of  Gibliston,  Fifeshire. 

SNODGRASS,  FRANCIS.  10th  March  1803. 

Apprentice  to  Thomas  Gordon. — Son  of  Hugh  Snodgrass,  Writer  in  Paisley. 
Died  1824.     Resigned  his  Commission  24th  November  1823. 

SOMERVELL,  GRAHAM  CHARLES.  16th  January  1879. 

Apprentice  to  Charles  Morton  and  John  Neilsou. — Son  of  Graham  Somervell  of 
Som  Castle,  Ayrshire.  £wm  13th  July  1854.   Died  3d  February  1889,  unmarried. 

SOMERVILLE,  HUGH,  of  Inverteil.  1st  June  1696. 

Apprentice  to  Robert  Carstairs. — Second  son  of  James  Somerville  of  Corehouse, 
Lanarkshire.  Died  29th  May  1793.  Mar.  Agnes,  third  daughter  of  Sir  Alexander 
Gibson  of  Pentland,  P.C.S. 

SOMERVILLE,  JOHN.  27th  February  1650. '"' 

SOMERVILLE,  SAMUEL  CHARTERS.  29th  January  1802. 

Apprentice  to  John  Tait. — Second  son  of  the  Rev.  Thomas  Somerville,  D.D., 
Minister  of  Jedburgh.  Died  18th  June  1823.  Mar.  16th  July  1807,  eldest 
daughter  of  Robert  Low  of  Clatto,  Fifeshire. 

SOMERVILLE,  ROBERT.  26th  June  1846. 

Apprentice  to  James  Macallan. — Son  of  the  Rev.  James  Somerville,  Minister  of 
Drumelzier.     Ji(yrn  20th  April  1814.     Died  5th  February  1867,  unmarried. 


LIST   OF   MEMBERS  189 

SOOTE,  GEORGE  GIBSON.  15th  November  1872. 

Apprentice  to  James  Mackenzie,  J.  B.  Innes,  and  C.  B.  Logan. — Son  of  James 

Soote,  Merchant  and  Shipowner  in  Dundee.     Bom  13th  March  1849.     Mar.  17th 

April    1886,  Alice   Victoria,  youngest  daughter  of  General   Lynch  of  Partry, 

Ballinrobe,  co.  Mayo. 
SOUTER,  JAMES,  of  Kinminities.  11th  March  1830. 

Apprentice  to  William  Inglis. — Son  of  Stewart  Souter  of  Melrose,  Banffshire. 

Born  1806.     Died  18th  July  1858.     Mar.   5th  April   1831,  Anne,  daughter  of 

Patrick  Camegy  of  Lour,  Forfarshire. 

SPALDING,  THOMAS.  21st  March  1865. 

Apprentice  to  Thomas  M.  Grant  and  William  Cuthbertson. — Only  son  of  William 
Spalding,  Professor  in  the  University  of  St.  Andrews.  Born  31st  December 
1840.     Died  4th  March  1878,  unmarried. 

SPALDING,  WILLIAM  MELLIS.  21st  November  1833. 

Apprentice  to  William  Fettes  Pitcairn. — Son  of  William  Spalding  of  Glennebray. 
Bom  9th  February  1811.  Died  4th  September  1857.  Mar.  30th  April  1846, 
Jane,  daughter  of  William  Gordon  of  Hallmyre,  Peeblesshire. 

SPEID,  JAMES.  21st  April  1875. 

Apprentice  to  J.  0.  Mackenzie,  W.  R.  Kermack,  and  George  Mackenzie. — Son  of 
William  Speid,  Forneth,  Blairgowrie.    Bom  22d  August  1849. 

SPEID,  JOHN,  OF  Ardovie.  4th  March  1841. 

Apprentice  to  William  Murray. — Second  son  of  Robert  Speid  of  Ardovie,  Forfar- 
shure,  W.S.     Bm-n  26th  June  1814.     Died  16th  May  1861,  unmarried. 

SPEID,  ROBERT,  of  AiiUOViE.  20th  June  1793. 

Apprentice  to  William  Leslie. — Only  son  of  Robert  Speid,  Merchant  in  Dundee. 
Died  20th  December  1846,  aged  82.  Mar.  23d  November  1801,  Isabella,  daughter 
of  James  Hall  of  Millholm,  Renfrewshire. 

SPEIR,  WILLIA]VI. 

Signs  the  Acts  4th  April  1607. 

SPENS,  DAVID.  ISth  June  1730. 

Apprentice  to  James  Armour. — Died  6th  February  1771.  Mar.  Elizabeth, 
daughter  of  the  Rev.  Lawrence  Johnstone,  Minister  of  Duns. 

SPENCE,  JAMES.  6th  March  1828. 

Apprentice  to  William  Dallas.— Second  son  of  Alexander  Spence,  Goldsmith  in 
Edinburgh.  Died  15th  September  1856,  aged  68.  Mar.  23d  September  1834, 
Jemima  Grace,  youngest  daughter  of  James  Hall,  Major  of  the  Forces,  Gibraltar. 

SPENS,  NATHANIEL,  of  Craigsanquhar.  25th  November  1830. 

Apprentice  to  James  Hope. — Eldest  son  of  Colonel  James  Spens  of  Craig- 
sanquhar, Fifeshire.  Bom  18th  February  1805.  Died  22d  November  1869. 
Mar.  23d  January  1840,  Janet  Law,  daughter  of  George  Guild. 


ige  THE  SOCIETY   OF  WKITEKS   TO   THE   SIGNET 

SPENS,  REGINALD  HOPE.  21st  April  1870. 

Apprentice  to  Colin  Mackenzie  and  A.  D.  M.  Black. — Fourth  son  of  Archibald 
Spens  of  Lathallan,  Stirlingshire.  Burn  6th  November  1850.  Mar.  18th  April 
1876,  Mary  Elizabeth,  elder  daughter  of  Francis  Anderson,  W.S. 

SPOTTISWOODE,  DAVID.  20th  June  1793. 

Apprentice  to  Cornelius  Elliot. — Sixth  son  of  James  Spottiswoode  of  Dunipace, 
Stirlingshire.     Died  8th  March  1807. 

SPROT,  THOMAS.  12th  June  1823. 

Apprentice  to  James  Renton.^ — Youngest  son  of  Alexander  Sprot,  residing  in 
Edinburgh.  Born  27th  January  1800.  Died  23d  July  1880.  Mar.  3d  August 
1874,  Margaret  Morrison  Malcolm. 

STARK,  WILLIAM. 

Signs  the  Acts  7th  December  1612. 

STEELE,  ANDREW,  of  Crosswoodhill.  18th  March  1788. 

Apprentice  to  Alexander  Cunningham. — Only  surviving  son  of  James  Steele, 
Merchant  in  Edinburgh.  Born  5th  January  1759.  Died  5th  November  1832. 
Mar.  15th  August  1810,  Marion,  eldest  daughter  of  Thomas  Bell  of  Nether 
Horsburgh,  Peeblesshire.     Deputy-Keeper  Register  of  Sasines,  1788. 

STEIN,  ANDREW.  8th  July  1847. 

Apprentice  to  Henry  Inglis. — Fourth  son  of  Robert  Stein  of  Kilbagie,  Clackman- 
nanshire. BmTi,  31st  July  1824.  Mar.  6th  August  1856,  Margaret  Haig,  daughter 
of  Francis  Stupart,  Major  in  2d  Dragoons  (Scots  Greys). 

STENHOUSE,  ALEXANDER  THOMSON.  14th  April  1884. 

Apprentice  to  James  Peddie,  A.  Peddie  Waddell,  and  H.  Ivory. — Son  of  James 
Stenhouse  of  North  Fod,  Dunfermline.  Born  28th  December  1858.  Mar.  16th 
October  1889,  Mary  Johnston,  elder  daughter  of  Arthur  Colville,  Edinburgh. 

STENHOUSE,  JOHN.  19th  June  1812. 

Apprentice  to  Alexander  Pearson. — Youngest  son  of  James  Stenhouse,  Farmer  at 
Grange.     Died  6th  February  1821. 

STEPHEN,  CHARLES  CAMPBELL.  10th  January  1887. 

Apprentice  to  Charles  Patrick  Finlay. — Son  of  the  Rev.  Thomas  Stephen,  Minister 
of  Kinloss,  Morayshire.     .Boi'w  14th  April  1862. 

STEUART,  ALEXANDER,  of  Edingla.ssie.  26th  July  1727. 

Apprentice  to  Andrew  Hay  of  Montblairie. — Died  19th  September  1787.  Mar. 
Margaret,  only  child  of  Colonel  Cranston  of  Glen,  Peeblesshire. 

STEUART,  ANDREW,  of  Auchlunkart.  15th  July  1763. 

Apprentice  to  Alexander  Stewart. — Third  son  of  George  Steuart  of  Tannachy, 
Banffshire.  Died  10th  October  1798.  Mar.  December  1778,  Harriet,  daughter  of 
James  Gordon  of  Cocklarachy,  Aberdeenshire. 


LIST   OF   MEMBERS  191 

STEUART,  ARCHIBALD.  23d  June  1853. 

Apprentice  to,  and  second  son  of,  James  Steuart,  W.S.—Born  25th  July  1828. 

Mar.    21st  March   1859,  Christian,  third  daughter  of  George  Graham  Bell  of 

Crurie,  Advocate. 
STEUART,  CHARLES.  21st  December  1786. 

Apprentice  to  William  Dick. — Second  son  of  James  Steuart,  Writer  in  Edinburgh. 

Born  19th  September  1760.     Died  6th  February  1821.     Mar.  (1)  13th  April  1795, 

Mary,  daughter  of  William   Gordon,  Bookseller   in  Edinburgh;   and   (2)   27th 

October  1801,  Margaret,  daughter  of  James  Lindesay,  Merchant,  Leith. 
STEUART,  CHARLES.  15th  November  1832. 

Apprentice  to  James  and  Charles  Nairne. — Second  son  of  Charles  Steuart,  W.S. 

Born  1st  April  1804. 

STEUART,  CHARLES.  14th  November  1851. 

Apprentice  to,  and  eldest  son  of,  James  Steuart,  W.S. — Bom  7th  December  1827. 

Died  9th  May  1888,  unmarried. 
STEUART,  GEORGE,  of  Tannachy.  20th  December  1791. 

Apprentice  to  Andrew  Steuart. — Eldest  son  of  Patrick  Steuart  of  Tannachy, 

Banffshire.     Died  25th  October  1814,  aged  45. 

STEUART,  GEORGE  MACKENZIE.  17th  March  1890. 

Apprentice  to  R.  L.  and  J.  G.  Stuart. — Son  of  George  Steuart,  Accountant  to  the 
Commissioners  of  Northern  Lighthouses,  Edinburgh.     Borii  10th  December  1866. 

STEUART,  JAMES.  8th  July  1763. 

Apprentice  to  James  Pringle. — Third  son  of  Charles  Steuart  of  Ballechin,  Perth- 
shire.    Died  16th  September  1779,  unmarried. 

STEUART,  JAMES.  20th  May  1794. 

Apprentice  to  James  Walker. — Fourth  son  of  Robert  Steuart  of  Ballechin,  Perth- 
shire.    Born  22d  May  1767.     Died  4th  August  1803,  unmarried. 

STEUART,  JAMES.  22d  December  1825. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  Charles  Steuart ;  and  (2)  Francis  Walker. — Eldest  son  of  Charles 
Steuart,  W.S.  Born  1st  October  1802.  Died  21st  September  1886.  Mar.  27th 
February  1827,  Elizabeth  Brand,  eldest  daughter  of  Archibald  Scott,  Solicitor, 
Edinburgh,  and  Procurator-Fiscal  for  Mid-Lothian. 

STEUART,  JAMES.  15th  July  1884. 

Apprentice  to,  and  eldest  son  of,  Archibald  Steuart,  W.S. — Bom  7th  September 
1860.  Mar.  15th  January  1890,  Agatha,  youngest  daughter  of  Rev.  Francis 
Coulman  Royds,  Rector  of  Coddington,  Cheshire. 

STEUART,  JOHN.  17th  November  1701. 

Apprentice  to  Daniel  Simpson. — Son  of  Charles  Steuart  of  Ballechin,  Perthshire. 
Died  December  1750.  Mar.  Helen  Steuart.  Commissary  of  Moray.  Fiscal, 
1717-22.    Treasurer.     Resigned  his  Commission  1st  August  1747. 


192  THE   SOCIETY   OF   WRITEES   TO   THE   SIGNET 

STEUART,  JOHN,  of  Dalguise.  7th  June  1825. 

Apprentice  to  Harry  Davidson. — Eldest  son  of  Charles  Steuart  of  Dalguise, 
Perthshire.  Born  7th  August  1799.  Died  29th  Decemher  1881.  Mar.  6th 
April  1829,  the  Hon.  Janet  Oliphant  Murray,  eldest  daughter  of  Alexander,  8th 
Lord  Elibank.     High  Sheriff  of  Cape  Colony,  1829. 

STEVEN,  CHARLES  BANNATYNE.  19th  March  1888. 

Apprentice  to  Robert  Burt  Ranken. — Son  of  Charles  Bannatyne  Steven,  Writer 
in  Edinburgh.     Born  8th  September  1864. 

STEVEN,  ROBERT.  12th  November  1869. 

Apprentice  to  John  Beatson  Bell. — Son  of  Alexander  Steven,  Glasgow.  Bom 
31st  July  1839.  Mar.  22d  September  1870,  Je.ssie,  younger  daughter  of  James 
Maxwell,  Crossmichael. 

STEVENSON,  ALEXANDER.  22d  December  1686. 

Apprentice  to  James  Johnston. — Died  before  1698.  Mar.  22d  October  1676, 
Janet,  fourth  daughter  of  Quentin  Hamilton  of  Banicluith,  Lanarkshire. 

STEVENSON,  ALEXANDER,  of  Montgreenan.  llthMai-ch  1712. 

Apprentice  to  Thomas  Pringle. — Son  of  Hugh  Stevenson  of  Montgreenan, 
Ayrshire.  Died  25th  February  1755.  Mar.  19th  December  1711,  Ann,  third 
daughter  of  Sir  Archibald  Hope  of  Rankeillor,  one  of  the  Lords  of  Session. 
Treasurer  of  Society,  1722  and  1746-55. 

STEVENSON,  ALEXANDER.  28th  January  1803. 

Apprentice  to  Alexander  Duncan. — Second  son  of  Alexander  Stevenson,  Depute- 
Clerk  of  Session.     Died  6th  July  1805. 

STEVENSON,  ALEXANDER.  7th  July  1807. 

Apprentice  to  John  Campbell. — Son  of  Hugh  Stevenson,  Merchant  in  Oban. 
Died  30th  September  1815.  Mar.  29th  August  1811,  Martha,  youngest  daughter 
of  James  Pollock,  Campbeltown. 

STEVENSON,  ALEXANDER.  23d  November  1819. 

Apprentice  to  John  Forman. — Son  of  Thomas  Stevenson,  Farmer  at  Gilmerton. 
Bom  1794.  Died  7th  April  1877.  Mar.  17th  August  1824,  Catherine,  second 
daughter  of  Andrew  White,  Glasgow. 

STEVENSON,  ARCHIBALD,  of  Montgreenan.  17th  July  1755. 

Apprentice  to,  and  eldest  son  of,  Alexander  Stevenson  of  Montgreenan,  Ayrshire, 
W.S.— Died  13th  July  1791. 

STEWART,  ALEXANDER.  5th  April  1716. 

Apprentice  to  Thomas  Boyes. — Died  before  1733. 
STEWART,  ALEXANDER  JAMES.  10th  March  1842. 

Apprentice  to  John  Bowie. — Son  of  Joseph  Stewart  Menzies  of  Foss,  Perthshire. 

Born  13th  November  1820.     Died  8th  March  1873,  unmarried. 


LIST  OF  MEMBEES  193 

STEWAET,  CHARLES.  19th  April  1876. 

Apprentice  to  J.  0.  Mackenzie  and  "W.  R  Kermack. — Son  of  John  Stewart  of 

Eskgrove,  Mid-Lothian,  W.S.     Born  2  2d  September  1852. 
STEWAET,  CHARLES  CAMPBELL.  23d  June  1817. 

Apprentice  to  John  Ferrier. — Second  son  of  Alexander  Stewart,  Surgeon  at  Gogar. 

Bwn  1794.     Died  13th  August  1836.     Mar.  10th  February  1826,  Mary  Henrietta, 

daughter  of  Andrew  Wood,  Surgeon  in  Edinburgh. 
STEWART,  DAVID,  of  Stewarthall.  6th  July  1768. 

Apprentice  to  Samuel  Mitchelson,  Sen. — Youngest  son  of  Archibald  Stewart  of 

Stewarthall,  Stirlingshire.     Brn-n  1744.     Died  2d  May  1823.     Mar.  April  1772, 

Margaret,  daughter  of  Robert  Eamsay  of  Camno  and  Arthurstone,  Forfarshire. 

STEWAET,  FEANCIS.  16th  February  1826. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  Walter  Dickson  and  George  Dunlop;  and  (2)  George  Dunlop. 
— Son  of  General  Francis  Stewart  King  of  Lesmurdie,  Banffshire.  Born  1801. 
Died  at  Paris,  23d  September  1833,  unmarried. 

STEWAET,  LAN  CHAELES  LINDSAY.  15th  July  1889. 

Apprentice  to  Alexander  Howe  and  William  Macgillivray. — Son  of  Colonel 
Duncan  Stewart^  92nd  Highlanders.    Born  8th  September  1865. 

STEWAET,  JAMES.  25th  November  1672. 

Apprentice  to  William  Guthrie. — Son  of  John  Stewart  of  Fungorth,  youngest 
son  of  Sir  William  Stewart  of  Grandtully,  Perthshire. 

STEWAET,  JOHN.  29th  January  1705. 

Apprentice  to  William  Dallas. — Died  12th  August  1731.  Mar.  April  1707,  Janet, 
daughter  of  Sir  Eobert  Blackwood,  Dean  of  Guild,  Edinburgli. 

STEWAET,  JOHN,  of  Eskgrove.  29th  June  1837. 

Apprentice  to  John  Ker  and  Henry  Gordon  Dickson. — Youngest  son  of  Charles 
Stewart,  Captain  of  the  Airly  Castle,  East  Indiaman.  Born  21st  November  1813. 
Died  1st  July  1890.  Mar.  21st  November  1851,  Isabella,  eldest  daughter  of 
James  Hunter  of  Thurston,  East  Lothian. 

STEWAET,  EOBEET. 

Signs  Minute  of  16th  December  1594, 

STEWART,  ROBERT,  of  Ardvorlich.  27th  June  1822. 

Apprentice  to  James  Dundas. — Eldest  son  of  William  Stewart  of  Ardvorlich, 
Perthshire.     Born  25th  August  1799.     Died  16th  July  1854,  unmarried. 

STEWART,  ROBERT,  of  Carphin.  27th  June  1823. 

Apprentice  to  John  Donaldson. — Son  of  James  Stewart  of  Carphin.  Born  1797. 
Died  25th  May  1868.  Mar.  (1)  14th  September  1826,  Elizabeth,  daughter  of 
Andrew  Pringle  of  Kersmains;  and  (2)  1st  July  1841,  Agnes,  daughter  of  James 
Jeffrey,  M.D.,  Professor  of  Anatomy  in  the  University  of  Glasgow, 

2b 


194  THE  SOCIETY  OF  WEITEES  TO  THE  SIGXET 

STEWART,  WALTER.  16th  July  1661. 

Apprentice  to  William  Henderson. — Son  of  John  Stewart  of  Newhalls,  Linlithgow- 
shire.   Bkd  before  1711.    Mar.  28th  July  1653,  Helen  Dowie. 

STEWART,  WILLIAM.  21st  March  1865. 

Apprentice  to  James  Steuart. — Son  of  William  John  Stewart,  W.S.  Born  25th 
June  1840.  Mar.  1st  June  1875,  Mary  Harriet  Binns,  daughter  of  George 
Greaves. 

STEWART,  WILLIAM  JOHN.  12th  December  1822. 

Apprentice  to  John  Irving. — Fourth  son  of  William  Stewart  of  Hillhead.  Bwn 
10th  December  1798.  Died  13th  February  1842.  Mar.  28th  July  1835,  Alison, 
daughter  of  Charles  Steuart,  W.S. 

STIRLING,  JAMES,  of  Homehill.  18th  November  1841. 

Apprentice  to  John  Dundas  and  William  Wilson. — Only  Son  of  William  Stirling, 
Architect  in  Dunblane.  Born  27th  May  1816.  Died  31st  August  1866.  Mar. 
23d  January  1844,  Christian,  daughter  of  David  Erskine  of  Elambazar,  Bengal. 

STIRLING,  WILLIAM.  23d  February  1680. 

Apprentice  to  John  Cunningham. — Son  of  George  Stirling,  indweller  in  Glasgow. 
Died  21st  February  1726.  3Iar.  (1)  Elizabeth  Watson;  and  (2)  April  1704, 
Margaret,  sister  of  Robert  Cathcart  of  Drumjoan,  Ayrshire,  and  widow  of  Robert 
Crawfurd  of  Crawfurdton,  W.S.     Fiscal,  1686-90. 

STIRLING-GRAHAM,  WILLIAM,  of  Duntrune.  12th  June  1818. 

Apprentice  to  Andrew  Storie. — Only  son  of  Patrick  Stirling  of  Pittendreich, 
Merchant  in  Dundee.  Born  12th  June  1794.  Died  19tli  December  1844,  un- 
married.    Admitted  Advocate  5th  December  1823.     Assumed  name  of  Graham. 

STODART,  DAVID  RIDDLE.  21st  February  1856. 

Apprentice  to,  and  second  son  of,  John  Riddle  Stodart,  W.S. — Born  12th 
October  1832.  Mar.  2d  April  1861,  Louisa  Flora  Wilhelmina,  daughter  of  Peter 
Shepherd,  Merchant,  Quebec. 

STODART,  GEORGE  TWEEDIE,  of  Oliver  and  Holmeshaw.     2d  December  1824. 

Apprentice  to  Francis  Wilson. — Son  of  Thomas  Stodart,  Biggarsheils,  Lanark- 
shire. Born  13th  October  1799.  Died  26th  August  1869.  Mar.  4th  June  1833, 
Mary  Wilson,  daughter  of  Alexander  Paul,  Merchant  in  Birmingham. 

STODART,  GEORGE  TWEEDIE.  14th  March  1867. 

Apprentice  to,  and  third  son  of,  George  Tweedie  Stodart,  W.S. — Born  18th 
January  1841.     Died  23d  May  1882,  unmamed. 

STODART,  JOHN  RIDDLE.  7th  July  1815. 

Apprentice  to  Andrew  Storie. — Fifth  son  of  Robert  Stodart  of  Kailzie,  Peebles- 
shire. Died  5th  February  1871.  Mar.  5th  July  1826,  Jemima  Henrietta, 
seventh  daughter  of  David  Brown  of  Greenknowe,  Stirlingshire. 


LIST  OF  MEMBERS  198 

STORIE,  ANDREW.  2d  December  1794. 

Apprentice  to  Alexander  Duncan. — Only  son  of  Andrew  Storie,  Candlemaker  in 
Edinburgh.  Died  10th  May  1862,  aged  94.  Mar.  3d  February  1803,  Penelope, 
daughter  of  Barclay  Fyfe,  Merchant  in  Leith.    Treasurer,  1828-62. 

STRACHAN,  FRANCIS.  24th  November  1766. 

Apprentice  to  David  Anderson. — Son  of  Arthur  Strachan,  Writer  in  Edinburgh. 

Died  20th  December  1798.    Mar.  Katherine,  daughter  of Button,  Merchant 

in  Edinburgh. 
STRACHAN,  JOHN,  of  Craigcrook.  5th  November  1683. 

Apprentice   to   James  Cheyne. — Died  21st  April   1719.      Mar.   Jean  Moodie. 

Fiscal,  1696-97.      He  mortified  his  lands  of  Craigcrook,  Mid-Lothian,  which  he 

purchased  in  1698,  for  certain  charitable  purposes. 

STRACHAN,  ROBERT.  23d  March  1796. 

Apprentice  to  Robert  Hotchkis. — Second  son  of  John  Strachan,  Merchant  in 
Edinburgh.  Born  1773.  Died  23d  April  1832.  Mar.  11th  March  1806,  Janet, 
third  daughter  of  Paul  Darling  of  Bogangreen,  Berwickshire. 

STRACHAN,  THOMAS  RENNY,  of  Tarrie.  19th  November  1782. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  Alexander  Robertson  ;  and  (2)  William  Leslie. — Youngest  son 
of  Thomas  Renny,  Merchant  in  Montrose.  Died  20th  October  1823.  Mar.  20th 
December  1796,  Harriet,  daughter  of  Shadrach  Moyse,  Solicitor  to  the  Board  of 
Customs. 

STRANG,  WILLIAM. 

Signs  the  Acts  26th  December  1627. 

STRATHERN,  ROBERT.  14th  March  1872. 

Apprentice  to  John  and  Henry  Gordon  Gibson. — Eldest  son  of  Alexander 
Strathern,  Sheriff-Substitute  of  Lanarkshire.  Born  16th  July  1839.  Mar.  23d 
December  1867,  Wilhelmina,  daughter  of  Daniel  Brown,  Shipowner,  Liverpool. 

STRATOUN,  ARTHUR. 

Commissioner,  1st  June  1607.     Mar.  11th  November  1606,  Margaret  Kincaid. 

STRATOUN,  ARTHUR,  of  Snawdoun.  15th  May  1629. 

Apprentice  to  James  Stratoun. — Re-admitted  21st  November  1661.  Mar.  (1) 
14th  April  1630,  Catherine  Menteith;  and  (2)  26th  April  1642,  Bessie  Purves. 

STRATOUN,  JAMES,  of  Stratoun.  22d  December  1610. 

Commissioner,  26th  December  1627.    Died  before  1648. 

STRONG,  THOMAS.  26th  March  1857. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  John  Gibson  ;  and  (2)  Andrew  Storie. — Son  of  Thomas  Strong, 
Merchant,  Leith.  Born  1st  September  1819.  Died  14th  January  .1881,  un- 
married. 


196  THE  SOCIETY   OF  WKITEES   TO   THE  SIGNET 

STEUTHERS,  JAMES.  7th  July  1807. 

Apprentice  to  Thomas  Adair. — Only  son  of  John  Struthers,  Merchant  in  Strath- 
aven.  Born  1st  July  1776.  Died  3d  February  1841.  Mar.  12th  November 
1813,  Marion,  youngest  daughter  of  James  Carmichael,  Douglas,  Lanarkshire. 

STUAET,  ANDREW,  of  Craigthorn  and  Castlemilk.  10th  August  1759. 

Apprentice  to,  and  second  son  of,  Archibald  Stuart  of  Torrence,  Lanarkshire, 
W.S.— Diei^  18th  May  1801.  Mar.  October  1790,  Margaret,  fourth  daughter  of 
Sir  William  Stirling  of  Ardoch,  Bart.  Keeper  of  the  Signet,  1777-79.  Com- 
missioner for  Trade  and  Plantations,  1779.  M.P.  for  Lanarkshire,  1777-84  ; 
Weymouth,  1790-1801.     Author  of  Genealogical  History  of  ilu,  Stewarts,  1798. 

STUART,  ARCHIBALD,  of  Torrence.  9th  January  1723. 

Apprentice  to  Hugh  Somerville. — Seventh  son  of  Alexander  Stuart  of  Torrence, 
Lanarkshire.  Died  November  1767.  Mar.  Elizabeth,  daughter  of  Sir  Andrew 
Myreton,  Bart.,  of  Gogar,  Mid-Lothian. 

STUART,  DAVID,  of  Duchra.  '  2d  March  1804. 

Apprentice  to  John  Hunter  of  Doonholm. — Son  of  Andrew  Stuart,  Maltster  in 
Ayr.     Died  11th  March  1824. 

STUAET,  JAMES,  Younger  of  Dunearn.  17th  August  1798. 

Apprentice  to  Hugh  Robertson. — Eldest  son  of  Dr.  Charles  Stuart,  Physician 
in  Edinburgh.  Born  1775.  Died  3d  November  1849.  Mar.  29th  April  1802, 
Eleanor  Maria  Anna,  only  daughter  of  Dr.  Robert  Moubray  of  Cockairnie,  Fife- 
shire.  In  1822,  having  killed  Sir  Alexander  Boswell  of  Auchinleck  in  a  duel, 
he  was  tried  for  murder  before  the  High  Court  of  Justiciary,  but  was  honour- 
ably acquitted.  Afterwards  Editor  of  The  Courier  newspaper  and  Inspector  of 
Factories.     Collector  of  Widows'  Fund,  1818-28. 

STUART,  JOHN,  of  Castleton.  18th  June  1802. 

Apprentice  to  William  Handyside. — Son  of  Dr.  David  Stuart,  Physician  in 
Aberdeen.    Died  8th  April  1815.    Mar.  January  1800,  Isabella  Wright. 

STUART,  JOHN.  12th  November  1868. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  Edmund  Baxter ;  and  (2)  Frederick  Pitman. — Son  of  William 
Stuart,  Attorney  in  Exchequer.  Born  15th  August  1844.  3Iar.  28th  September 
1875,  Jessie  Warren,  eldest  daughter  of  E«v.  Thomas  Mitchell,  Minister  of 
Oldhamstocks. 

STUART,  JOSEPH  GORDON.  21st  July  1875. 

Apprentice  to  Robert  L.  Stuart  and  Harry  Cheyne. — Son  of  Joseph  Gordon 
Stuart,  Manufacturer,  Balgonie,  Fife.  Bom  31st  December  1849.  Mar.  6th 
June  1877,  Moncrieff,  only  daughter  of  the  Very  Rev.  Principal  Leitch,  Queen's 
College,  Kingston,  Canada. 


LIST  OF  MEMBEES  197 

STUAKT,  ROBERT  LAIDLAW.  13th  November  1856. 

Apprentice  to  Henry  Cheyne. — Youngest  son  of  Alexander  Stuart,  Circuit  Clerk 
of  Justiciary.  Bm-n  16th  February  1832.  Mar.  (1)  15th  October  1861,  Maria 
Campbell  Hill,  daughter  of  Rev.  George  Anstey,  Richmond,  Surrey;  and  (2) 
I2th  December  1887,  Marie  Louise,  only  daughter  of  Thomas  Treloar  of 
Plymouth.  Circuit  Clerk  of  Justiciary,  1863-69.  Procurator-Fiscal  for  Mid- 
Lothian,  1869. 

STUART,  WILLIAM.  10th  March  1836. 

Apprentice  to  Thomas  Corrie  and  David  Welsh. — Son  of  Robert  Stuart,  Deputy 
Presenter  of  Signatures  in  Exchequer.  Born  12th  October  1810.  Died  10th 
April  1881.  Mar.  (1)  13th  July  1830,  Charlotte,  youngest  daughter  of  William 
Douglas,  Edinburgh ;  (2)  21st  June  1860,  Isabella  Rachel,  youngest  daughter  of 
John  Scotland,  W.S. ;  and  (3)  31st  March  1864,  Helen,  daughter  of  Peter  Scott, 
Banker,  and  widow  of  John  Erskine  of  Tenia w,  Peeblesshire.  Sheriff-Clerk  of 
Peeblesshire,  1843. 

STURROCK,  JAMES  SILVESTER.  9th  July  1883. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  J.  0.  Mackenzie,  W.  R.  and  John  Kermack ;  and  (2)  John 
Philp  Wood. — Second  son  of  Robert  Sturrock,  Banker,  Dundee.  Born  31st 
October  1853.  Mar.  8th  August  1881,  Josephine  Lucy  Florence,  second  daughter 
of  Lieutenant  Benjamin  Woolley,  R.N. 

SUTHERLAND,  ALEXANDER  GORDON.  19th  November  1829. 

Apprentice  to  Alexander  Blair. — Son  of  Neil  Sutherland,  M.D.,  Aberdeen.  Born 
16th  January  1804.     Died  25th  October  1869,  unmarried. 

SUTHERLAND,  ALFRED.  12th  April  1886. 

Apprentice  to  Henry  Tod.^ — Fifth  son  of  George  Sutherland  of  Forse,  Caithness. 
Born  4th  February  1862.  Mar.  26th  August  1890,  Helen  Barbara,  eldest 
daughter  of  R.  D.  Crawford.    0L^XJ   X  ^    XW,  /  J^  $"* 

SUTHERLAND,  ANDREW,  of  Pitgradie.  6th  December  1699. 

Apprentice  to  Robert  Watson. — Died  before  1715.  Mar.  24th  October  1702, 
Barbara,  daughter  of  John  Guthrie,  W.S. 

SUTHERLAND,  JAMES  CUBBISTON.  3d  July  1820. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  A.  L.  Ramage  and  John  Blair ;  and  (2)  James  Dundas. — Only 
son  of  Arthur  Sutherland,  of  the  island  of  Jamaica. 

SUTHERLAND,  WILLIAM.  3d  July  1828. 

Apprentice  to  Adam  Gib  Ellis. — Son  of  Josiah  Sutherland,  Merchant  in  Wick. 
Died  12th  October  1853,  aged  53,  unmarried. 

SUTTIE,  GEORGE  11th  December  1699. 

Apprentice  to  John  Cunningham. — Lied  March  1701. 


198  THE  SOCIETY  OF  WEITEES  TO  THE  SIGNET 

SUTTIE,  JOHN.  30th  June  1741. 

Apprentice  to  Hew  Crawford. — Second  son  of  Sir  James  Suttie  of  Balgone,  Bart. 
Died  23d  August  1764. 

SWAN,  JAMES.  8th  July  1806. 

Apprentice  to  Hamilton  BelL — Son  of  George  Swan,  Merchant  in  Edinburgh. 
Died  1841,  aged  58.  Mar.  27th  April  1807,  Sarah,  daughter  of  Benjamin  Bartlet, 
Storekeeper,  Edinburgh  Castle,  and  widow  of  William  Buchanan  of  Auchmar, 
Stirlingshire. 

SWAN,  WILLIAM. 

Signs  Minute  of  17th  January  1606.  Died  April  1623.  Mar.  29th  April  1604, 
Marion  Fithie. 

SWINTON,  AECHIBALD.  1st  August  1788. 

Apprentice  to  Samuel  Mitchelson,  Sen. — Third  son  of  John  Swinton  of  Swinton, 
one  of  the  Senators  of  the  College  of  Justice.  B(yrn  1762.  Died  2  2d  April  1840, 
unmarried.     Eeporter  of  Cases  before  High  Court  of  Justiciary,  1835-40. 

SYDSEEFF,  JOHN.  14th  January  1634. 

Apprentice  to  James  Kinnear. 

SYM,  JAMES  PITCAIEN.  24th  January  1878. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  Eobert  Dobbie  Eoss ;  and  (2)  John  Eoss. — Son  of  William  Sym, 
residing  in  Edinburgh.  Born  1st  June  1853.  Mar.  2d  August  1883,  Elizabeth 
Leslie,  only  daughter  of  Eev.  John  Watt,  Minister  of  Fetteresso. 

SYM,  EOBEET.  30th  November  1775. 

Apprentice  to  Eobert  S3nne,  his  uncle. — Second  son  of  Andrew  Sym,  Merchant 
in  Glasgow.     Born  29th  February  1752.     Died  2d  April  1845,  unmarried. 

SYME,  JAMES  GOEDON.  8th  October  1883. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  Charles  Morton  and  John  Neilson;  and  (2)  T.  D.  Brodie  and 
J.  G.  C.  Brodie. — Son  of  James  Syme,  Merchant  in  Edinburgh.  Bom  10th  July 
1854.  Mar.  20th  October  1887,  Nellie,  second  daughter  of  Donald  Macgregor 
of  Ardgartan,  Argyllshire. 

SYME,  JOHN,  OF  Barncailzie.  31st  January  1750. 

Apprentice  to  Thomas  Goldie.— Only  son  of  Alexander  Syme,  Writer  in  Edin- 
burgh.    Died  6th  June  1790.    Mar.  (2)  Mary  Eavenscroft. 

SYME,  JOHN,  OF  Cartmore.  10th  July  1794. 

Apprentice  to  Samuel  Mitchelson,  Jun. — Eldest  son  of  David  Syme  of  Cartmore. 
Died  19th  June  1821.  Mar.  20th  October  1795,  Barbara,  daughter  of  James 
Spottiswoode  of  Dunipace,  Stirlingshire. 

SYME,  EOBEET.  4th  August  1735. 

Apprentice  to  Hew  Crawford. — Third  son  of  John  Syme,  Merchant  in  Glasgow. 
Died  21st  November  1780. 


LIST  OF  MEMBEES  199 

SYME,  THOMAS.  23d  June  1820. 

Apprentice  to  Harry  Davidson. — Son  of  James  Syme  of  Northfield,  East  Lothian. 
Born  5th  November  1795.    Died  28th  November  1869,  unmarried. 

TAIT,  ADAM  DUNCAN.  15th  July  1889. 

Apprentice  to  John  Kirk. — Son  of  the  Rev.  Walter  Tait  of  St.  Madoes.  Born 
20th  December  1863. 

TAIT,  ALEXANDER.  9th  July  1756. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  John  Hay;  and  (2)  George  Balfour. — Son  of  Alexander  Tait, 
Merchant  in  Edinburgh.  Died  8th  July  1781.  Mar.  Janet,  third  daughter  of 
William  Blair  of  that  Ilk.  Substitute-Keeper,  1744-62.  Principal  Clerk  of 
Session,  13th  November  1760,  till  death. 

TAIT,  CRAUFURD,  of  Harvieston.  10th  December  1789. 

Apprentice  to,  and  son  of,  John  Tait  of  Harvieston,  Clackmannanshire. — Born 
1765.  Died  2d  May  1832.  Mar.  17th  June  1796,  Susan,  fourth  daughter  of 
Sir  Hay  Campbell  of  Succoth,  Bart.,  Lord  President  of  the  Court  of  Session. 
Father  of  His  Grace  Archibald  Campbell  Tait,  Archbishop  of  Canterbury. 

TAIT,  DAVID  WARDLAW  BROWN.  24th  October  1879. 

Apprentice  to  Sir  John  Gillespie  and  Thomas  Paterson. — Son  of  James  Tait  of 
Langrigg,  Berwickshire,  W.S.     Bom  21st  October  1855. 

TAIT,  JAMES,  OF  Langrigg.  14th  November  1839. 

Apprentice  to  George  TumbuU. — Son  of  James  Tait  of  Edenside,  Kelso.  Born 
3d  June  1816.  Mar.  24th  April  1849,  Elizabeth  Moir,  daughter  of  James 
Stormonth  Darling  of  Lednathie,  Forfarshire,  W.S. 

TAIT,  JAMES.  17th  November  1859. 

Apprentice  to  John  Gibson. — Second  son  of  John  Renny  Tait,  Baker  in  Edin- 
burgh.    Born  16th  November  1836.     Died  about  1882,  unmarried. 

TAIT,  JAMES  CAMPBELL.  27th  June  1823. 

Apprentice  to,  and  second  son  of,  Craufurd  Tait  of  Harvieston,  W.S. — Born  1st 
November  1798.    Died  17th  January  1879,  unmarried. 

TAIT,  JOHN,  OF  Harvieston.  8th  March  1763. 

Apprentice  to  William  Eraser  of  Ford.— Eldest  son  of  Thomas  Tait  of  Buthlaw, 
Aberdeenshire.  Died  11th  March  1802.  Mar.  March  1764,  Charles,  daughter 
of  Thomas  Murdoch  of  Cumloden,  Kirkcudbrightshire. 

TAIT,  JOHN.  16th  November  1781. 

Apprentice  to  John  Tait. — Son  of  George  Tait,  Tenant  in  Redbog.  Died  29th 
July  1817.  Mar.  16th  September  1782,  Margaret,  daughter  of  Peter  Edgar  of 
Bridgelands,  Mid-Lothian.    Judge  of  Police,  1805-12. 


200  THE   SOCIETY   OF  WEITEES  TO  THE  SIGNET 

TAIT,  JOHN,  OF  Pirn.  7th  July  1808. 

Apprentice  to  Archibald  Gibson. — Eldest  son  of  William  Tait  of  Pirn,  Mid- 
Lothian.  Bom  1783.  Died  12th  December  1838.  Mar.  23d  March  1819,  Harriet, 
eldest  daughter  of  Archibald  Hepburn  Mitchelson  of  Middleton,  Mid-Lothian. 

TAIT,  JOHN,  ieriius.  17th  May  1811. 

Apprentice  to,  and  son  of,  John  Tait,  W.S.— J5ora  1786.  Died  29th  March  1832, 
unmarried. 

TAIT,  JOHN  CRAUFUED.  19th  July  1855. 

Apprentice  to  James  Campbell  Tait. — Eldest  son  of  John  Tait,  Advocate,  Sheriff 
of  Clackmannan  and  Kinross.  Born.  31st  August  1825.  Mar.  7th  December 
1863,  Maria  Louisa  Mann. 

TAWSE,  ANDEEW,  of  Nether  Leaston.  22d  June  1819. 

Apprentice  to  Charles  Tawse,  his  brother. — Youngest  son  of  John  Tawse,  Writer 
in  Edinburgh.  Born  22d  October  1788.  Died  13th  July  1851.  3Iar.  28th  March 
1822,  Margaret,  fourth  daughter  of  Alexander  Bonar  of  Ratho,  Mid-Lothian. 

TAWSE,  CHAELES.  7th  July  1808. 

Apprentice  to  Alexander  Duncan. — Eldest  son  of  John  Tawse,  Writer  in  Edin- 
burgh. Born  1785.  Died  22d  October  1826.  Mar.  16th  September  1817, 
Sarah  Harriet,  only  daughter  of  John  Connell  of  Carlisle. 

TAWSE,  JOHN,  OF  Nethek  Lkaston.  13th  November  1849. 

Apprentice  to  Walter  and  John  Cook. — Eldest  son  of  Andrew  Tawse  of  Nether 
Leaston,  East  Lothian,  W.S.     Born  20th  April  1824. 

TAWSE,  JOHN  WARDROBE,  of  Stobshiel.  22d  November  1838. 

Apprentice  to  Andrew  Tawse. — Eldest  son  of  John  Tawse  of  Stobshiel,  East 
Lothian,  Advocate.     Born  21st  September  1813.    Died  9th  July  1887,  unmarried. 

TAYLOE,  GEOEGE.  26th  June  1832. 

Apprentice  to  James  Macdonell. — Son  of  Robert  Taylor,  Writer  in  Tain.     Born 

20th  October  1808.     Died  1st  October  1864.     Mar.   3d  August  1841,  Robina, 

daughter  of  Alexander  Smart  of  Cononsyth,  Forfarshire. 
TAYLOR,  JAMES,  of  Pitcairlie.  9th  June  1698. 

Apprentice  to  John  Cunningham. — Mar.  6th  March  1701,  Catherine,  daughter  of 

John  Menzies  of  Cammo,  Mid-Lothian,  Advocate. 

TAYLOR,  JAMES,  of  Pitcairlie.  4th  August  1731. 

Apprentice  to,  and  son  of,  James  Taylor  of  Pitcairlie,  Fifeshire. — Resigned  his 
Commission,  5th  August  1778.  Died  1784.  Mar.  July  1751,  Margaret  Balfour, 
relict  of  James  Callander,  Writer,  Edinburgh. 

TAYLOR,  JAMES  PRINGLE.  12th  January  1885. 

Apprentice  to  Donald  Beith  and  Andrew  Forrester. — Son  of  the  Rev.  James 
Taylor,  D.D.  Born  6th  September  1851.  Mar.  11th  February  1886,  Annie, 
youngest  daughter  of  Charles  Thornton,  Leeds. 


LIST  OF  MEMBERS  i  801 

TAYLOR,  JOHN,  of  Blackhouse.  "      20th  July  177&. 

Apprentice  to  Alexander  Mackenzie. — Son  of  the  Rev.  William  Taylor,  Minister 
of  New  Deer.     Died  30th  January  1810. 

TAYLOR,  WILLIAM.  5th  March  1840. 

Appi'entice  to  William  Scott,  W.  C.  Balderston,  and  John  Scott— Son  of  Robert 
Taylor  of  Broomlands.     Bmi  28th  July  1817.     Died  2d  July  1888,  unmairied. 

TENNENT,  PATRICK.  23d  May  1808. 

Apprentice  to  Archibald  Gibson. — Third  son  of  Robert  Tennent,  Brewer  in  Glas- 
gow. Born  1782.  Died  18th  December  1872.  Mar.  27th  April  1812,  Margaret, 
youngest  daughter  of  Hugh  Lyon  of  Wester  Ogle,  J'orfarshire. 

THOMSON,  ALEXANDER.  26th  May  1818. 

Apprentice  to  David  Thomson  and  Robert  Fleming. — Son  of  David  Thomson, 
W.S.  Died  October  1867.  Mar.  (1)  12th  July  1819,  Ann,  eldest  daughter  of 
Charles  Hay,  Edinburgh;  and  (2)  24th  December  1832,  Eliza,  daughter  of  Robert 
Burn,  Architect  in  Edinburgh. 

THOMSON,  ANDREW,  of  Kinlooh.  2d  June  1809. 

Apprentice  to  Robert  Hill.^ — Son  of  Andrew  Thomson  of  Kinloch,  Fifeshire. 
Died  at  Saratoga,  U.S.A.,  19th  August  1831.  Mar.  20th  February  1818,  Barbara, 
youngest  daughter  of  James  Hiuiter  of  Sea.side  and  Glencarse,  Perthshire. 

THOMSON,  ANDREW.  23d  June  1820. 

Apprentice  to  John  Russell. — Son  of  John  Thomson  of  Priorletham,  Fifeshire. 
Died  in  Florida,  14th  July  1841,  aged  52,  unmanned. 

THOMSON,  DAVID.  12th  March  1788. 

Apprentice  to  John  Syme. — Son  of  Alexander  Thomson,  Accountant  of  Excise. 
Died  28th  Febraary  1837,  aged  73.     Mar. 

THOMSON,  DAVID,  of  Holkkettle  and  Orkie.  19th  June  1812. 

Apprentice  to  Robert  Hill. — Son  of  John  Thomson  of  Holekettle,  Fifeshire.  Born 
1784.  Died  12th  January  1853.  Mar.  25th  May  1829,  Lilias,  eldest  daughter 
of Milner,  Boghall. 

THOMSON,  EDWARD  PETER.  20th  October  1885. 

Apprentice  to  Robert  Russell  Simpson. — Son  of  the  Rev.  Edward  Anderson 
Thomson,  Minister  of  Free  St.  Stephen's  Church,  Edinburgh.  Born  8th  June 
1861.  Mar.  31st  January  1889,  Mary  Lamond  Haig,  second  daughter  of  William 
Lindsay  Christie,  Assistant  Keeper  General  Register  of  Sasines,  Edinburgh. 

THOMSON,  FRANCIS.  16th  August  1671. 

Apprentice  to  William  Thomson,   his   brother. — Son   of  William   Thomson    of 
•  •     Augustoun. 

420 


202  THE  SOCIETY  OF  WEITEES  TO  THE  SIGNET 

THOMSON,  GEORGE  MONRO.  21st  October  1874. 

Apprentice  to  James  Lindesay,  Jun. — Son  of  the  Rev.  John  Thomson,  Minister 
of  Balmerino,  Fife.     Born  12th  February  1851. 

THOMSON,  JAMES,  of  Bogie.  21st  November  1777. 

Apprentice  to  James  Chalmers. — Son  of  John  Thomson,  Merchant  in  Cupar. 
Died  25th  October  1831,  aged  82.  Mar.  24th  July  1809,  Helen,  daughter  of 
Patrick  Moncrieff  of  Reidie,  Fifeshire. 

THOMSON,  JOHN. 

Signs  Minute  of  17th  January  1606,  and  the  Acts  26th  December  1627. 

THOMSON,  JOHN,  of  Charlton.  15th  October  1706. 

Apprentice  to  Robert  Carstairs. — Difd  December  1738.  Mar.  28th  January  1709, 
Rachel,  daughter  of  John  Brymer  of  Edrom,  Berwickshire. 

THOMSON,  THOMAS.  6th  March  1834. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  Sir  James  Gibson-Craig;  and  (2)  John  Dundas  and  William 
Wilson. — Son  of  John  Thomson,  Cashier  of  the  Royal  Bank,  Edinburgh.  Born 
11th  June  1807.  Dkd  6th  July  1877.  Mar.  8th  July  1851,  Elizabeth,  daughter 
of  Alexander  Cleghorn,  Inspector  of  Imports  and  Exports  for  Scotland. 

THOMSON,  WILLIAM.  29th  June  1661. 

Apprentice  to  Robert  Alexander.— Son  of  William  Thomson,  Portioner  of 
Angustoun.  Died  March  1693.  Mar.  7th  November  1664,  Margaret  Young. 
Lyon-Depute,  1666. 

THOMSON,  WILLIAM.  9th  February  1681. 

Apprentice  to,  and  only  son  of,  William  Thomson,  W.S. — Died  12th  January 
1708,  aged  56.  Mar.  September  1698,  Jean,  daughter  of  John  Mason,  Merchant, 
Edinburgh. 

THOMSON,  WILLIAM.  19th  March  1888. 

Apprentice  to  T.  E.  0.  Home,  Thomas  Home,  and  David  Lyell. — Son  of  Andrew 
Thomson  of  Mainhill,  Roxburghshire.     Born  19th  May  1864. 

THOMSON,  WILLIAM  GIBSON.  20th  December  1827. 

Apprentice  to  Sir  James  Gibson-Craig. — Second  son  of  John  Thomson,  Merchant 
in  Edinburgh.     Died  25th  January  1832,  aged  28,  unmarried. 

THORBURN,  KENNETH  MACKENZIE.  18th  June  1829. 

Apprentice  to  Thomas  Corrie  and  Thomas  Welsh. — Son  of  the  Rev.  AYilliam 
Thorburn,  Minister  of  Traquair.     Died  1852,  aged  47,  unmarried. 

THORBURN,  THOMAS.  5th  July  1821. 

Apprentice  to  John  Russell. — Son  of  Thomas  Thorburn,  Tanner  in  Dumfries. 
Born  1797.     Died  30th  July  1872.     Mar.  7th  May  1861,  Margaret  Johnston. 


LIST  OF  MEMBEkS  20^ 

THRfiSHIE,  DAVID  SCOTT.  16th  November  1819. 

Apprentice  to  William  Bell. — Son  of  Kobert  Threshie  of  Earnbarroch,  Writer  in 
Dumfries.  Bam  1796.  Died  18th  November  1878.  Mar.  (1)  1816,  Jean,  eldest 
daughter  of  John  Crawford,  Merchant  in  Leith  ;  (2)  9th  Febniary  1829,  Penelope 
Gordon,  widow  of  Patrick  Duff  of  Carnousie;  and  (3)  6th  June  1854,  Eliza 
Bird,  youngest  daughter  of  Charles  Ray  Martin,  Bengal  Civil  Service. 

TINNING,  JOHN.  16th  June  1796. 

Apprentice  to  John  Macnab. — Son  of  Francis  Tinning,  Tobacconist  in  Glasgow. 
Died  15th  December  1808. 

TOD,  ALEXANDER.  20th  February  1834. 

Apprentice  to,  and  second  sou  of,  John  Tod,  W.S. — Burn  23d  June  1810.  Died 
8th  November  1883,  unmarried. 

TOD,  ARCHIBALD,  of  Drygrange.  3d  July  1781. 

Apprentice  to,  and  eldest  sou  of,  Thomas  Tod,  W.H.—Bom  31st  May  1758.    Died 

20tli  April  1816.     Mar.  1st  February  1802,  Elizabeth,  third  daughter  of  Sir 

James  Pringle  of  Stichell,  Bart. 
TOD,  GEORGE. 

Mar.  Margaret  Porteriield,  who  died  about  1635. 
TOD,  HENRY.  11th  December  1823. 

Apprentice  to  John  Campbell,  Jun. — Son  of  Henry  Tod,  Merchant  in  Edinburgh. 

Died  31st  October  1871,  aged  73.     Mar.  4th  June  1832,  Isabella,  daughter  of 

James  Blyth. 
TOD,  HENRY.  17th  January  1861. 

Apprentice  to,  and  son  of,  Henry  Tod,  W'.ii.—Bont  19th  March  1836.     3Iar.  (1) 

2d  June  1869,  Margaret,  second  daughter  of  Robert  Walker,  Hillside,  Portlethen  ; 

and   (2)   19th  April   1877,  Margaret  Louisa,   daughter  of  John  Moir,   M.D., 

Edinburgh. 
TOD,  HEW.  ' ' 

Mentioned  loth  November  1633. 
TOD,  HUGH.  17th  November  1814. 

Apprentice  to  James  Robertson. — Son  of  William  Tod,  Factor  to  the  Duke  of 

Gordon.     Born  1780.     Died  3d  October  1857,  immarried. 
TOD,  JAMES,  OF  Deanston.  29th  November  1820. 

Apprentice  to  David  Wemyss. — Son  of  James  Tod,  sometime  Merchant  at  Bo'ness, 

and  afterwards  at  Hope  Park,  Edinburgh.     Died  26th  March  1858.     Mar.  27th 

July  1830,  Susan,  daughter  of  James  Mercer  of  Scotsbank,  Selkirkshire. 
TOD,  JOHN.  5th  May  1796. 

Apprentice  to,  and  son  of,  Thomas  Tod,  W.S. — Boi-n  9th  March  1773.     Died 

24th  December  1856.     Mar.  9th  April  1808,  Helen,  daughter  of  Alexander  Duff 

of  Hatton,  Aberdeenshire. 


204  THE   SOCIETY   OF  WKITEKS   TO   THE   SIGNET 

TOD,  JOHN  ROBERT.  16th  November  1837. 

Apprentice  to,  and  thiid  son  of,  John  Tod,  W.S. — Bmn  14th  February  1814. 
Died  29th  July  1856.  Mar.  17th  August  1841,  Jemima,  youngest  daughter  of 
Richard  Wharton  Duflf  of  Orton,  Elginshire. 

TOD,  JOHN  WHARTON.  27th  May  1869. 

Apprentice  to  Thomas  Graham  Murray.— Only  son  of  John  Robert  Tod,  W.S. 
Bom  10th  April  1845.  Mar.  5th  October  1869,  Margaret  Mary,  second  daughter 
of  John  Ord  Mackenzie  of  Dolphinton,  W.S. 

TOD,  THOMAS,  of  Drygrangk.  3d  February  1755. 

Apprentice  to  Samuel  Mitchelson. — Second  son  of  Archibald  Tod,  Writer  in  Edin- 
burgh. Born  6th  December  1726.  Died  5th  December  1800.  Mar.  November 
1755,  Jean,  daughter  of  James  Gartshore,  W.S. 

TOD,  WILLIAM.  20th  December  1821. 

Apprentice  to  Roger  Aytoun. — Second  son  of  William  Tod,  Surgeon  in  Lanark. 
Died  27th  November  1866,  aged  70,  unmarried. 

TRAIL,  ANTHONY.  7th  July  1829. 

Apprentice  to  John  Irving. — Son  of  Thomas  Trail,  Merchant  in  Montrose.  Died 
27th  September  1866,  aged  64.     Mar. 

TRAIL,  JOHN,  ARBUTHNOTT,  of  Woodwigk,  LL.B.  14th  November  1872. 

Apprentice  to  Patrick  Dalmahoy  and  John  Cowan.- — Son  of  the  Rev.  Samuel 
Trail,  D.D.,  Minister  of  Harray  and  Birsay,  afterwards  Professor  of  Systematic 
Theology  in  the  University  of  Aberdeen.     Born  23d  June  1846. 

TRAQUAIR,  WILLIAM.  13th  November  1834. 

Apprentice  to  James  Pedie. — Son  of  William  Traquair,  Builder  in  Edinburgh. 
Bmn  1st  May  1810. 

TRAQUAIR,  "WILLIAM.  27th  June  1878. 

Apprentice  to  William  Traquair,  his  uncle. — Son  of  Ramsay  Heatley  Traquaij-, 
Farmer  at  Colinton.  Bm-n  23d  November  1851.  Mar.  11th  June  1884,  Cecilia 
Ross,  only  daughter  of  William  Munro  of  Marchbank,  Mid-Lothian. 

TROTTER,  GEORGE. 

Third  son  of  Robert  Trotter,  of  Catchelraw,  lived  to  a  great  age,  and  died  about 
1640. 

TROTTER,  GEORGE.  3d  January  1634. 

Apprentice  to  John  Leaiinonth. — Mar.  Jean,  daughter  of  Mr.  William  King, 
Minister  of  Cramond. 

TROTTER,  JOHN.  10th  March  1664. 

Apprentice  to  George  Trotter,  his  uncle. — Died  May  1672. 


LIST  OF  MEMBEKS  ^  '"^^''  206 

TROTTER,  ROBERT,  of  Castlelaw  and  The  Bush.  8th  August  1774. 

Apprentice  to  John  Syme. — Eldest  son  of  Archibald  Trotter,  Merchant  in  Edin- 
bui-gh.  Died  3d  July  1807.  Mar.  1787,  Ann,  only  daughter  of  John  Trotter  of 
Castleshiels,  Berwickshire.     Postmaster  of  Scotland,  1802-7. 

TROTTER,  THOMAS.  26th  June  1789. 

Apprentice  to  David  Steuart. — Fourth  son  of  Thomas  Trotter  of  Mortonhall, 
Mid-Lothian.    Died  26th  April  1837. 

TROTTER,  THOMAS,  ok  Dewar.  18th  December  1823. 

Apprentice  to  William  Bell. — Son  of  Young  Trotter  of  Broomhouse,  Berwickshire. 
Died  16th  December  1848,  unmarried. 

TURNBULL,  DAVID.  24th  February  1809.^ 

Apprentice  to  Roger  Aytoun. — Fifth  son  of  Patrick  Turnbull,  Fanner  in  Myles. 
Boi-n  1781.  Died  21st  September  1854.  Mar.  27th  September  1813,  Elizabeth, 
daughter  of  John  Logan  of  New  Edrom,  Berwickshire. 

TURNBULL,  DAVID.  19th  July  1872. 

Apprentice  to  Alexander  Hamilton  and  George  Thomas  Kiunear. — Only  son  of 
Patrick  Turnbull,  W.S.  Bom  24th  May  1847.  Mar.  1st  December  1871,  Mary, 
daughter  of  Allan  Gilmour  of  Lundin  and  Montrave,  Fifeshire. 

TURNBULL,  GEORGE,  of  Balglassie.  1st  June  1696. 

Apprentice  to  Henry  Graham. — Di^d  11th  January  1726.    Mar.  Catherine  Garden. 

TURNBULL,  GEORGE,  of  Dalladies.                                              25th  June  1733. 
Apprentice  to  Harry  Maule. — Died  30th  April  1760.     Mar.  Jean . 

TURNBULL,  GEORGE,  of  Abbey  St.  Bathans.  8th  February  1816. 

Apprentice  to  John  Renton.— Eldest  son  of  John  Turnbull  of  Abbey  St.  Bathans, 
Berwickshire.  Died  26th  February  1855,  aged  62.  Mar.  15th  August  1817, 
Grace,  youngest  daughter  of  James  Brunton  of  Lugton,  Bridgend,  Mid-Lothian. 

TURNBULL,  GEORGE  GILLON.  15th  July  1885. 

Apprentice  to  John  Turnbull,  his  uncle. — Eldest  son  of  James  Turnbull,  W.S. 
Born  6th  September  1858. 

TURNBULL,  JAMES.  12th  November  1857. 

Apprentice  to  John  Turnbull. — Second  son  of  George  Turnbull,  W.S.  Bom  12th 
August  1828.  Drowned  off  Aberdour  12th  May  1887.  Mar.  (1)  17th  November 
1857,  Mary  Ann,  youngest  daughter  of  William  Downe  Gillon  of  Wallhouse, 
Linlithgowshire;  and  (2)  29th  January  1867,  Jane,  daughter  of  John  Corse  Scott 
of  Sinton,  Roxburghshire. 

TURNBULL,  JOHN,  of  Abbey  St.  Bathans.  18th  November  1841. 

Apprentice  to,  and  eldest  son  of,  George  Turnbull,  W.S. — Born  3d  March  1820. 


206  THE  SOCIETY  OE  WRITERS  TO  THE  SIGNET 

TURNBULL,  PATRICK.  20th  November  1845. 

Apprentice  to,  and  son  of,  David  Turnbull,  W.S. — Bam  14th  August  1815.  Mar. 
28th  July  1846,  Martha,  daughter  of  John  Ord  of  Muirhouselaw. 

TURNER,  JOHN,  of  Turnerhall.  9th  July  1824. 

Apprentice  to  Francis  Brodie  and  George  Imlach. — Eldest  son  of  Keith  Turner  of 
Tvimerhall,  Aberdeenshire.  Bmii  22d  July  1796.  Died  2d  August  1834.  Mar. 
23d  September  1820,  Elizabeth  Helen,  youngest  daughter  of  Captain  William 
Urquhart,  30th  Regiment. 

TVVEEDIE,  JOHN.  23d  November  1795. 

Apprentice  to  Andrew  Hamilton. — Son  of  James  Tweedie,  Tenant  in  Dreva, 
Peeblesshire.  Died  18th  March  1847,  aged  80,  unmarried.  Keeper  of  the 
Minute-Book  of  Court,  1830-47. 

T5fNT0,  JAMES.  18th  May  1649. 

Died  April  1655.     Mar.  15th  August  1644,  Catherine  Dick. 

TYRBET,  OR  TARBET,  JOHN. 
Mentioned  1606. 

TYTLER,  JAMES.  24th  November  1774. 

Apprentice  to,  and  second  son  of,  WilUam  Tytler,  W.S. — Died  20th  July  1778. 

TYTLER,  JAMES,  of  Woodhouselee.  8th  March  1803. 

Apprentice  to  Richard  Hotchkis.— Second  son  of  Alexander  Eraser  Tytler  of 
Woodhouselee,  Mid-Lothian,  one  of  the  Senators  of  the  College  of  Justice.  Borti 
9th  October  1780.  Dieil  10th  October  1862.  Mar.  12th  August  1810,  Elizabeth, 
daughter  of  Maurice  Carmichael  of  Eastend,  Lanarkshire.  Lyon-Depute,  2d  June 
1827.    Crown  Agent,  1829-32,  1834-35,  1841-46,  1852-53. 

TYTLER,  JAMES  STUART  ERASER,  of  Woodhouselee,  LL.D.       8th  Nov.  1849. 

Apprentice  to,  and  eldest  surviving  son  of,  James  Tytler  of  Woodhouselee,  W.S. 
—Barn  5th  August  1820.  Mar.  8th  August  1850,  Mary  Elizabeth,  only  child  of 
Alexander  Blair,  Treasurer  of  Bank  of  Scotland.  Professor  of  Conveyancing  in 
the  University  of  Edinburgh,  28th  May  1866. 

TYTLER,  JAMES  WILLIAM  ERASER.  27th  July  1881. 

Apprentice  to  A.  Howe,  J.  S.  Tytler,  and  W.  Macgillivray. — Son  of  James  Stuart 
Eraser  Tytler,  W.S.  Born  28th  February  1854.  Mar.  28th  July  1883,  Christian 
Alice  Scott,  daughter  of  William  Scott-Ken-  of  Sunluws,  Roxburghshire. 

TYTLER,  WILLIAM,  of  Woodhouselee.  5th  October  1742. 

Apprentice  to  William  Forbes. — Son  of  Alexander  Tytler,  Writer  in  Edinburgh. 
Born  12th  October  1711.  Died  12th  September  1792.  Mar.  1745,  Anne, 
daughter  of  James  Craig  of  Costerton  and  Dalnair,  W.S.  Treasurer,  1788-92. 
Author  of  An  Inquiry,  Historical  and  Critical,  into  the  Ecidencc  produced  hy  the  Earls 
of  Moray  and  Morton  agaiiist  Mary  Queen  of  Scots,  1760,  and  other,  works. 


LIST  OF  MEMBERS  807 

UEE,  GEORGE  INNES.  1st  July  1822. 

Apprentice  to  Alexander  Dallas. — Second  son  of  James  Ure,  Collector  of  Customs 
at  Alloa.    Bwn  1796.     Died  31st  January  1843,  unmarried. 

URE,  JAMES,  OF  Shirgartoun.  18th  December  1701. 

Apprentice  to  John  Cuningham. — Son  of  James  Ure  of  Shirgartoun,  Perthshire, 
a  noted  Covenanter.     Died  before  1743. 

URE,  MASTERTON.  2d  July  1799. 

Apprentice  to  J.  A.  Higgins.— Fourth  son  of  the  Rev.  Robert  Ure,  Minister  of 
Airth.     Died  1863,  aged  87,  unmarried.     M.P.  for  Weymouth,  1813-32. 

URMSTON,  CHARLES  HANSON.  18th  March  1889. 

Apprentice  to  Matthew  M.  Bell.— Son  of  Captain  William  Brabazon  Urmston, 
R.N.     Bmi  1st  May  1862. 

URQUHART,  H. 

Signs  the  Acts  4th  April  1607. 

URQUHART,  LEONARD.  14th  July  1735. 

Apprentice  to  Robert  Dalrymple  of  Dreghom. — Died  7th  December  1786. 

URQUHART,  WILLIAM.  19th  December  1767. 

Apprentice  to,  and  son  of,  Leonard  Urquhart,  W.S. — Difd  January  1783. 

USHER,  JOHN.  17th  January  1822. 

Apprentice  to  John  Tod. — Eldest  son  of  Thomas  Usher,  Farmer  at  Courthill, 
Roxburghshire.     Died  29th  March  1864,  aged  70,  unmarried. 

VEACHE,  OR  WAITCHE,  HENRY. 

Signs  Acts  26th  December  1627.     Mar.  30th  January  1628,  Geilles  Archibald. 

VEITCH,  GEORGE,  of  Ratho  Bank.  21st  December  1809. 

Apprentice  to  Thomas  Cranston. — Only  son  of  George  Veitch,  Architect  in  Edin- 
burgh. Born  1787.  Died  16th  October  1826.  Mnr.  13th  July  1811,  Mary, 
daughter  of  John  Pitcaim  of  Pitcairns,  Perthshire. 

VEITCH,  JOHN.  28th  June  1827. 

Apprentice  to  Thomas  Richardson. — Third  son  of  Henry  Veitch  of  Eliock,  one 
of  the  Commissioners  of  H.M.  Customs  for  Scotland.  Bm-n  12th  September  1802. 
Died  12th  March  1830,  unmarried. 

VEITCH,  THOMAS  LOUGHNAN.  11th  July  1833. 

Apprentice  to  Alexander  Hunter. — Fourth  son  of  Henry  Veitch  of  Eliock,  Dum- 
friesshire.    Born  29th  July  1804.     Di^d  6th  February  1841,  unmarried. 

VEITCH,  WILLIAM,  of  Eliock.  13th  December  1723. 

Apprentice  to  John  Frank. — Son  of  Alexander  Veitch  of  Lyne,  Merchant  and 
Burgess  of  Peebles.  Bom  2d  January  1671.  Died  25th  October  1747.  Mar. 
Christian,  daughter  of  Gavin  Thomson,  Provost  of  Peebles. 


208  THE   SOCIETY   OF  WKITEES  TO   THE  SIGNET 

WADDELL,  ALEXANDER  PEDDIE,  of  Balquhatston.  18th  December  1856. 

Apprentice  to,  and  son  of,  James  Peddie,  W.S. — Born  19th  August  1832.  Mm: 
6th  September  1864,  Georgina  Catherine,  eldest  daughter  of  George  Waddell, 
W.S.,  of  Balquhatston,  Stirlingshire,  whose  name  he  assumed. 

WADDELL,  GEORGE,  of  Ballochnie  and  Balquhatston.     17th  November  1815. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  John  Tinning;  and  (2)  J.  A.  Higgins. — Eldest  son  of  George 
Waddell  of  Ballochnie,  Lanarkshire.  Died  10th  March  1850,  aged  62.  Mar.  1st 
October  1844,  Elizabeth  Gaston,  eldest  sur\'iving  daughter  of  John  Brand 
Ralston,  of  Glenellrigg,  Stirlingshire. 

WADDELL,  WILLIAM,  of  Easter  Moffat.  14th  June  1814. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  John  Tinning ;  (2)  Masterton  Ure. — Youngest  son  of  George 
Waddell  of  Ballochnie.  Bffrn  15th  November  1788.  Died  14th  March  187G. 
Mar.  19th  August  1829,  Margaret,  eldest  daughter  of  Archibald  Campbell  ol 
Melfort,  Argyllshire.     Solicitor  to  Board  of  Ordnance. 

WADDELL,  AVILLIAM  N.  10th  February  1825. 

Apprentice  to  John  K.  Campbell  and  Andrew  Clason. — Son  of  James  Waddell, 
Writer  in  Edinburgh.  Died  3d  September  1834  aged  33,  unmarried.  Resident 
Magistrate  at  Albany,  Cape  Colony. 

WALKER,  FRANCIS. 

See  Drummond,  Sir  Francis  Walker. 

WALKER,  JAMES,  of  Dalry.  2d  July  1771. 

Apprentice  to  Thomas  Tod. — Third  son  of  Francis  Walker  of  Mainshill,  East 
Lothian.  Died  9th  May  1817.  Mat:  (1)  13th  July  1780,  Jane  Hay,  third 
daughter  of  Richard  Newton  of  that  Ilk ;  and  (2)  21st  October  1797,  Marion 
Ann,  daughter  of  Dr.  Jolin  Hope,  Professor  of  Botany  in  the  Univereity  of  Edin- 
burgh.   Principal  Clerk  of  Session,  15th  November  1803,  till  death. 

WALKER,  JAMES.  7th  July  1824. 

Apprentice  to  John  Tod. — Only  son  of  Alexander  Walker,  residing  in  Edinburgh. 
Died  20th  May  1881.  Mar.  19th  November  1838,  Ann  Sophia,  daughter  of 
John  Reade  of  Halbrooke  House,  Suffolk. 

WALKER,  JAMES.  25th  June  1829. 

Apprentice  to  Alexander  Hunter. — Eldest  son  of  James  Walker,  Captain  in  the 
East  India  Company's  Service.     Died  8th  February  1831. 

WALKER,  JOHN.  29th  June  1838. 

Apprentice  to  William  Scott,  G.  L.  Finlay,  and  W.  C.  Balderston. — Son  of 
William  Walker,  of  Jamaica.  Bom  12th  November  1815.  Died  27th  October 
1879.  Mar.  9th  June  1853,  Margaret,  daughter  of  Francis  Maxwell  of  Gribton, 
Dumfriesshire.  ....  .   . 


LIST  OF  MEMBEES  209 

WALKER,  ROBERT,  of  Wooden.  28th  June  1787. 

Apprentice  to  Alexander  Keith. — Eldest  son  of  Adam  Walker  of  Wooden, 
Roxburghshire.     Died  18th  July  1825.     Mar. 

WALKER,  WILLIAM,  of  Daffmiln  and  Pitlair.  23d  November  1795. 

Apprentice  to  Alexander  Abercromby. — Son  of  James  Walker  of  Daffmiln,  Fife- 
shire.  Died  10th  June  1845,  aged  80.  Mar.  17th  April  1798,  Magdalen,  eldest 
daughter  of  the  Rev.  William  Walker,  Minister  of  Collcssie,  Fifeshire. 

WALLACE,  ANDREW.  28th  June  1736. 

Apprentice  to  Robert  FuUarton. — Died  10th  October  1764.  Mar.  26th  November 
1758,  Janet,  daughter  of  James  Law  of  Brunton. 

WALLACE,  ARTHUR  CHARLES.  24th  October  1879. 

Apprentice  to  W.  J.  Menzies  and  H.  J.  Coventry. — Son  of  George  Wallace, 
Solicitor  in  Fraserburgh.  Bmii  18th  May  1853.  Died  5th  January  1884, 
immarried. 

WALLACE,  EBENEZER.  11th  July  1832. 

Apprentice  to  John  Renton  and  Joseph  Grant. — Son  of  James  Wallace,  Gimmaker 
in  Edinburgh.  Bmi  9th  April  1807.  Died  31st  July  1884.  Mar.  2d  December 
1846,  Isabella,  youngest  daughter  of  Ralph  Hardie,  Currie  House,  Borthwick. 

WALLACE,  EDWARD.  17th  January  1683. 

Apprentice  to  John  Alexander. — Mar.  19th  April  1682,  Euphan  Mure. 

WALLACE,  HUGH,  of  Inglistoun.  10th  March  1664. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  John  Rowan ;  and  (2)  William  Hunter. — Son  of  William  Wallace 
of  Mainholm.  Died  4th  February  1724.  Mar.  (1)  4th  August  1665,  Margaret, 
daughter  of  Scott  of  Bavelaw,  Mid-Lothian;  and  (2)  Mary  Sym.  Fiscal, 
1671-78.  Aid-Lieutenant  of  the  College  of  Justice  Company  that  proceeded 
against  rebels  in  the  West.  His  Majesty's  Cash-keeper.  M.P.  for  Kirkcudbright 
Stewartry,  1685-86;  Kintore,  1689-93. 

WALLACE,  JAMES  CLERK.  15th  November  1838. 

Apprentice  to  John  and  Wilb'am  Home. — Son  of  Alexander  Wallace  of  Auchin- 
vole,  Dumbartonshire.  Bm-n  16th  June  1813.  Died  23d  March  1881.  Mar. 
27th  August  1839,  Margaret  Sommerville,  third  daughter  of  Marcus  Smith, 
Surgeon,  51st  Regiment. 

WALLACE,  ROBERT. 

Signs  the  Acts  26th  December  1627.     Died  1660. 

WALLACE,  ROBERT,  of  Holmstone.  29th  January  1701. 

Apprentice  to  Robert  Craufurd  of  Craufurdstoun. — Eldest  son  of  John  Wallace  of 
Holmstone,  Ayrshire.  Born  19th  June  1670.  Died  24th  March  1762.  Mar. 
17th  January  1693,  Elizabeth,  daughter  of  William  Crichton,  Sheriff-Depute  of 
Ayr.     Commissary  of  Wigtown.     Sheriff-Depute  of  Ayrshire,  1737. 

2d 


««  THE  SOCIETY   OE  WEITERS   TO   THE   SIGNET 

WALLACE,  EGBERT,  of  Sauciirie.  25th  February  1723. 

Apprentice  to  Robert  Wallace  of  Holmstone. — Son  of  Robert  Wallace  of  Cairnhill, 
Ayrshire.  Baptized  9th  February  1693.  Z)i«i  February  1767.  Jfan  4th  April 
1723,  Anne,  eldest  daughter  of  Patrick  Fullarton,  younger  of  Fullarton,  Ayr- 
shire.    Fiscal,  1729-32. 

WALLACE,  ROBERT  PATERSON,  of  Holmstone.  30th  August  1736. 

Apprentice  to  Robert  Wallace  of  Holmstone,  his  uncle. — Died  11th  December 
1779,  aged  71.    Mar.  Elizabeth  Houston. 

WALLACE,  ROBERT  WALKER.  18th  July  1877. 

Apprentice  to  James  Peddie  and  Alexander  Peddie  Waddell. — Son  of  Andrew 
Wallace,  Coalmaster,  Dunfermline.  Born  28th  April  1853.  Mar.  17th  August 
1881,  Mary  Parker,  only  daughter  of  Rev.  J.  T.  Willoughby  of  Leamington. 

WALLACE,  THOMAS  WATT.  21st  July  1875. 

Apprentice  to  Ebcnezer  Wallace,  his  uncle. — Son  of  George  Wallace,  Merchant 
in  Leith.     Born  19th  December  1849. 

WALLACE,  WILLIAM.  8th  December  1808. 

Apprentice  to  Thomas  Grierson. — Son  of  Captain  Thomas  Wallace  of  Newton, 
Ayrshire.  Dkd  22d  February  1864,  aged  79.  Mar.  8th  March  1824,  Zelica 
Cheshire,  widow  of  Lieutenant  Donald  Grant. 

WALTON,  JOHN  WILLIAM  JACKSON.  11th  April  1887. 

Apprentice  to  George  Dunlop. — Son  of  William  Roger  Walton,  residing  at 
Murraybank  House,  Murrayfield.     Bm-n  28th  February  1863. 

WAEDLAW,  DAVID.  13th  November  1856. 

Apprentice  to  James  Thomson  Gibson-Craig. — Eldest  son  of  David  Brown 
Wardlaw  of  Gogarmount,  Mid-Lothian,  H.E.I.C.S.     Bom  15th  June  1831. 

WAEDLAW,  JOHN. 

Commissioner,  16th  December  1594.     Died  before  1610. 

WARDLAW,  JOHN  FLEMING.  11th  December  1828. 

Apprentice  to  WUliam  Renny. — Son  of  David  Wardlaw,  Writer  in  Edinburgh. 
Born  1806.  Dkd  4th  May  1871.  Mar.  27th  November  1832,  Ann  Macnab, 
eldest  daughter  of  Andrew  Stevens,  S.S.C.    Was  a  Clergyman  in  Cumberland. 

WARDEOP,  JAMES  CHARLES.  14th  July  1879. 

Apprentice  to  William  Wilson.— Son  of  Maitland  Wardrop,  Architect  in  Edin- 
burgh. Born  2d  August  1854.  Mar.  19th  December  1884,  Elizabeth  Evelyn, 
second  daughter  of  J.  T.  Hopwood,  M.P.  of  Ketton  Hall,  Rutland. 

WAERENDEE,  HUGH.  8th  May  1798. 

Apprentice  to  John  Davidson. — Second  son  of  George  Warrender  of  Bruntsfield, 
Edinburgh.  Died  8th  June  1820.  Deputy-Keeper  of  the  Signet,  1797-20. 
Crown  Agent,  1800-20. 


LIST   OF   MEMBEES  211 

WATKINS,  JOHN.  23d  January  1818. 

Apprentice  to  Walter  Cook. — Youngest  son  of  Thomas  Watkins,  Merchant  in 
Linlithgow.  Died  4th  March  1858,  aged  64.  Mar.  23d  March  1831,  Isabella, 
daughter  of  William  Clark  of  East  Woodside. 

WATSON,  ANDEEW,  ov  Bridgecastle.  30th  January  1798. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  Kobert  Donaldson ;  and  (2)  Charles  Young. — Only  son  of  James 
Watson  of  Bridgecastle,  Writer  in  Linlithgow.  Died  27th  October  1837,  aged  68. 
Mar.  7th  August  1809,  Harriet,  daughter  of  John  Maxwell  of  Cardoness,  Kirk- 
cudbrightshire. 

WATSON,  ANDEEW,  of  Torsonce.  18th  November  1858. 

Apprentice  to  Adam  Hay  and  Eobert  Pringle. — Son  of  Hugh  Watson,  W.S.,  of 
Torsonce,  Mid-Lothian.  Born  3d  August  1830.  Died  21st  January  1867.  Mar. 
19th  July  1853,  Camilla  Ottlie,  daughter  of  Henry  Bate,  of  Broomfield  Place, 
Ealing,  Middlesex. 

WATSON,  DAVID,  of  Saughton.  1st  June  1655. 

Apprentice  to  Harry  Osburn. — Treasurer,  1662-82.  Died  December  1685.  Mar. 
Isabel  Keltic.     Ee-admitted  15th  February  1661. 

WATSON,  GEOEGE. 

Died  before  1660.    Lyon-Clerk,  1630.     Mar.  Catherine  Nisbet. 

WATSON,  GEOEGE.  25th  June  1829. 

Apprentice  to  James  Greig. — Son  of  George  Watson,  Merchant  in  Edinburgh. 
Bm-n  17th  September  1807.  Died  24th  April  1889.  Mar.  14th  September  1837, 
Ellen  Mary,  daughter  of  the  Eev.  Thomas  Hattam  Wilkin.sou,  Clerk  in  Holy  Orders. 

WATSON,  GILBEET.  17th  August  1798. 

Apprentice  to  James  Hay  and  Thomas  Manners. — Son  of  David  Watson,  Banker, 
Glasgow.     Died  1837. 

WATSON,  GEAHAM  GILBEET.  18th  April  1877. 

Apprentice  to  C.  Mackenzie,  A.  D.  M.  Black,  and  J.  M.  Mackenzie. — Fifth  son  of 
James  Watson,  Manager  of  the  Scottish  Provident  Institution.  Born  20th 
September  1854. 

WATSON,  HUGH,  of  Toesonck  19th  November  1797. 

Apprentice  to  Allan  Macdougall. — Eldest  son  of  Samuel  Watson,  Writer  in  Edin- 
burgh. Died  3d  November  1834,  aged  62.  Mar.  (1)  19th  April  1813,  Mary 
Crichton,  daughter  of  James  Kyle,  Architect,  Edinburgh  ;  and  (2)  3d  March  1825, 
Elizabeth  Andrevna,  only  daughter  of  Andrew  Watson  of  Petrosavodsk,  Eussia. 

WATSON,  JAMES.  26th  November  1770. 

Apprentice  to  Eobert  Jamieson. — Son  of  John  Watson,  Writer  in  Edinburgh. 
Bm-n  28th  June  1747.  Died  30th  September  1805.  Mar.  (1)  25th  March  1788, 
Nicolas,  daughter  of  Thomas  Buchan  of  Auchmacoy,  Aberdeenshire;  and  (2)  13th 
June  1795,  Isabella,  daughter  of  Alexander  Milne,  Merchant  in  Leith. 


■'■i.\ 


sit  THE  SOCIETY  OF  WEITEES  TO  THE  SIGNET 

WATSON,  JAMES,  of  Inchyka.  10th  December  1829. 

Apprentice  to  Robert  Eamsay. — Second  son  of  James  Watson,  Merchant  in 
Dundee.  Born  2d  May  1805.  Mar.  14th  November  1838,  Helen,  eldest  daughter 
of  John  Guthrie,  Banker,  Brechin. 

WATSON,  JAMES  STUART.  18th  March  1889. 

Apprentice  to  Henry  Tod. — Son  of  the  Rev.  William  Watson,  U.P.  Minister, 
Forres.    Bmn  1st  May  1861. 

WATSON,  JOHN.  February  1739. 

Son  of  David  Watson,  Writer  in  Edinburgh.  Died  5th  November  1762.  Mar. 
November  1741,  Isabel,  daughter  of  David  Mudie,  Merchant  in  Montrose. 
Substitute-Keeper,  1746-62.  He  mortified  his  means  and  estates  to  charitable 
purposes,  and  from  these  funds  the  Institution  in  Edinburgh  called  by  his  name 
was  erected  and  endowed. 

WATSON,  ROBERT.  5th  January  1678. 

Apprentice  to  William  Chieslie. — Died  November  1699.  Mar.  Margaret  Peebles. 
Keeper  of  the  Signet,  20th  February  1699. 

WATSON,  THOMAS.  7th  January  1734. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  John  Inglis;  and  (2)  John  Stewart. — Died  14th  January  1751. 

WATSON,  THOMAS  WILLIAM.  14th  July  1890. 

Apprentice  to  C.  B.  Logan,  J.  W.  Moncreiff,  and  G.  G.  Soote. — Son  of  John 
Watson  of  Eamock.     Bom  31st  October  1864. 

WATSON,  WILLLAM,  of  Pilmuir.  3d  December  1729. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  John  Inglis;  and  (2)  John  Lumsdaine. — Died  18th  October 
1758.     Mar.  Isabella  Robertson. 

WATSON,  WILLIAM.  10th  July  1820. 

Apprentice  to  Andrew  Storie. — Son  of  William  Watson,  Farmer  at  Liberton 
Mains.  Born  1795.  Died  12th  May  1887.  Mar.  22d  September  1830,  Marion, 
daughter  of  John  Weir.    Sheriff-Substitute  at  Aberdeen,  1829-66. 

WATT,  ADAM.  27th  May  1629. 

Apprentice  to  David  Anderson. — Died  about  1664. 

WATT,  GEORGE  24th  February  1825. 

Apprentice  to  John  and  Alexander  Smith. — Onlj'  son  of  George  Watt  of  Old 
Deer.     Died  6th  September  1832,  aged  31,  unmarried. 

WAUCHOPE,  ANDREW.  14th  November  1839. 

Apprentice  to  Andrew  Smith. — Eldest  son  of  George  Wauchope,  Wine  Merchant 
in  Leith.  Bm-n  20th  May  1817.  Mar.  24th  April  1844,  Anne  Montagu  Scott, 
daughter  of  John  Boyd  of  Broadmeadows,  Selkirkshire. 


??. 


LIST   OF  MEMBEKS  T  2.1& 

WAUCHOPE,  JOHN.  24th  June  1774. 

Apprentice  to  John  Mackenzie  of  Delvine. — Youngest  son  of  Andrew  Wauchope 
of  Niddry,  Mid-Lothian.  Born  1751.  Died  10th  February  1828.  Mar.  Ann 
Cockbum,  daughter  of  Colonel  Charles  Craigie  Halkett,  of  the  Dutch  Service. 

WAUCHOPE,  PATRICK  HAMILTON  DON.  29th  October  1888. 

Apprentice  to  George  Dalziel. — Third  son  of  Sir  John  Don  Wauchope,  Bart.,  of 
Edmonstone,  Mid-Lothian.     Bm-n  1st  May  1863. 

WAUGH,  JOHN  JAMES,  B.L.  28th  October  1889. 

Apprentice  to  J.  O.  Mackenzie,  H.  Cheyne,  and  John  Kermack. — Son  of  Robert 
Somerville  Waugh,  Edinburgh.     Born  4th  March  1864. 

^VEBSTER,  FRANCIS.  18th  November  1830. 

Apprentice  to  Messrs.  Campbell  and  Arnott. — Sixth  son  of  the  Rev.  John  Webster, 
Minister  of  Inverarity.  Bm-n  4th  November  1804.  Died  12th  September  1888. 
Mar.  27th  November  1833,  Jane,  daughter  of  Captain  E  H.  Adams,  55th  Regiment. 

WEBSTER,  GEORGE.  29th  November  1821. 

Apprentice  to  John  A.  Campbell. — Son  of  the  Rev.  John  Webster,  Minister  of 
Inverarity.  Boi-n  28th  March  1800.  Died  19th  August  1882.  Mar.  20th 
September  1836,  Margaret  Isabella,  daughter  of  Alexander  M'Callum  of  Hanover. 
Jamaica.     Sheriff-Clerk  at  Forfar,  1854-82. 

WEDDERBURN,  GEORGE.  30th  January  1840. 

Apprentice  to  Walter  Cook. — Second  son  of  Right  Hon.  James  Wedderburn, 
Solicitor-General  for  Scotland.  Born  25th  March  1817.  Died  1st  May  1865, 
unmarried. 

WEDDERBURN,  JOSEPH  ROBERT  MACLAGAN.  18th  October  1876. 

Apprentice  to  Robert  Craigie  Bell. — Son  of  the  Rev.  James  Maclagan,  D.D., 
Professor  of  Divinity  in  the  Free  Church  College,  Aberdeen,  and  Mrs.  K.  Maclagan 
Wedderburn  of  Pearsie,  Forfarshire.     Born  16th  October  1850. 

WEIR,  JAMES.  9th  May  1668. 

Apprentice  to  John  Semple. — Son  of  James  Weir,  Teuementar  Burgess  of 
Hamilton.    Died  1687.     Mar.  December  1671,  Marjory  Barclay. 

WEIR,  MATTHEW.  9th  July  1816. 

Apprentice  to  William  Inglis. — Eldest  son  of  James  Weir,  Baker  in  Leith.  Dud 
27th  August  1856,  aged  68.  Mar.  Nth  March  1823,  Janet,  eldest  daughter  of 
William  Spottiswoode,  Claywhat,  Perthshire.  >\     .-^11 

WEIR,  THOMAS.  9th  July  1818. 

Apprentice  to  John  Miuray. — Second  son  of  Thomas  Weir,  Writer  in  Edinburgh. 
Dkd  2d  June  1849,  aged  57.  Mar.  13th  December  1822,  Lilias  Gray,  second 
daughter  of  John  Orr,  Edinburgh. 


«t4  THE  SOCIETY  OF  WEITEES   TO    THE   SIGNET 

WELSH,  DAVID,  of  Collin.  31st  Jauuary  1812. 

Apprentice  to  James  Gilchrist. — Son  of  Kobert  Welsh  of  Collin,  Kirkcudbright- 
shire. Died  23d  May  1857,  aged  68.  Mar.  20th  February  1824,  Margaret, 
daughter  of  Colonel  Andrew  Koss,  21st  Eegiment. 

WELSH,  HENEY.  29th  June  1786. 

Apprentice  to  John  Syme. — Son  of  John  Welsh,  Tenant  in  Morton  Mains.  Died 
1821. 

WELSH,  JOHN.  3d  July  1770. 

Apprentice  to  Andrew  Stuart.— Only  son  of  James  Welsh,  Goldsmith  in  Edin- 
burgh. Mar.  23d  April  1772,  Primrose,  only  daughter  of  Woodroff  Gascoigne. 
Eesigned  his  Commission  13th  June  1779. 

WELSH,  JOHN.  16th  November  1812. 

Apprentice  to  John  Tweedie. — Third  son  of  William  Welsh  of  Mossfennan, 
Peeblesshire.  DM  5th  June  1843,  aged  57,  unmarried.  Sheriff-Clerk  of 
Peeblesshire,  1820-43. 

WEMYSS,  DAVID,  of  Pitkenny.  21st  June  1787. 

Apprentice  to  James  Walker. — Second  son  of  Alexander  Wemyss  of  Pitkenny. 
Physician  in  Kirkcaldy.  Died  14th  May  1839.  Mar.  25th  October  1799,  Agnes, 
daughter  of  James  Lindsay,  Merchant  in  Leith. 

WEMYSS,  DAVID.  26th  January  1854. 

Apprentice  to  J.  M.  Melville,  J.  F.  Walker  Drummond,  and  James  Lindesay. — 
Second  son  of  James  Wemyss  of  Wemyss  Hall,  Fifeshire.  Bom  1st  January 
1830.  Mar.  10th  August  1859,  Marie,  daughter  of  Colonel  De  Waldisch,  Schaff- 
hausen,  Switzerland. 

WEMYSS,  Sir  JAMES,  of  Bogie,  Bart.  23d  May  1820. 

Apprentice  to  Eobert  Jamieson. — Eldest  son  of  the  Eev.  James  Wemyss,  Minister 
of  Burntisland.  Bom  11^2.  />?«(<?  31st  December  1849,  unmarried.  Succeeded 
his  kinsman  as  4th  Bart.     Depute-Cerk  of  Session,  16th  January  1844  till  death. 

WEMYSS,  WILLIAM.  8th  March  1763. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  Andrew  Hay ;  and  (2)  Eobert  Grant. — Eldest  son  of  John 
Wemyss,  Tacksman  of  Mains  of  Aberdour.  Died  29th  April  1802.  Mar.  Eobina, 
daughter  of  James  Hamilton  of  Olivestob,  East^Lothian. 

AVHIGHAM,  DAVID,  of  Cornlee.  22d  November  1827. 

Apprentice  to  Alexander  Goldie. — Son  of  Eobert  Whigham  of  Hallidayhiil, 
Dumfriesshire.     Born  1803.     Died  16th  October  1882,  unmarried. 

WHIGHAM,  GEOEGE,  of  Hallidayhill.  20th  January  1825. 

Apprentice  to  James  Little. — Eldest  son  of  Eobert  Whigham  of  Hallidayhill, 
Dumfriesshire.  Died  9th  January  1842,  aged  51.  Mar.  5th  August  1816,  Jane, 
daughter  of  Eobert  Anderson,  Strawquhan,  Dumfriesshire. 


LIST   OF  MEMBEES  215 

WHITE,  ANDKEW.  Uth  January  1889. 

Apprentice  to  Hew  Hamilton  Crichton. — Son  of  Andrew  White,  Solicitor,  Cum- 
nock.   £mi  10th  March  1865. 

WHITE,  JOHN.  22d  February  1813. 

Apprentice  to  John  Mowbray. — Son  of  Gilbert  White,  Tailor  in  Edinburgh. 
Died  25th  April  1820,  aged  34. 

WHITE,  ROBERT.  13th  December  1827. 

Apprentice  to  William  Young. — Son  of  Adam  White,  Merchant  in  Leith.  Bmn 
16th  August  1802.  Died  9th  June  1886.  Mar.  3d  June  1852,  Anne  Reid, 
daughter  of  Thomas  Macmillan  Fogo,  M.D.  Author  of  Treatise  on  the  Knowledge 
Necessary  to  Amateurs  in  Pictures,  translated  from  the  French  1845,  and  other  works. 

WHYT,  BAIN.  10th  March  1789. 

Apprentice  to  Robert  Jamieson. — Son  of  John  Whyt,  Maltster  in  Halkirk, 
Caithness.     Died  26th  December  1818,  aged  71. 

WHYTE  OR  QUHYTE,  ANTHONY. 

Commissioner,  8th  November  1609.  Brother  of  Robert  Whyte  of  Dowald.  Died 
August  1634.  Mar.  7th  September  1613,  Katherine  Kinloch.  Clerk  to  the 
Incorporations  of  Chirurgeons.     Writer  to  the  Prince,  March  1620. 

WIGHT,  ALEXANDER.  4th  July  1783. 

Apprentice  to  James  Chalmers. — Son  of  James  Wight,  Farmer,  Duncrahill,  East 
Lothian.  Died  22d  February  1829.  Mar.  (1)  Jane,  daughter  of  William 
M'Onochie,  Wright  in  Edinburgh;  and  (2)  22d  September  1826,  Catherine, 
second  daughter  of  Sir  James  Campbell  of  Aberuchill,  Bart. 

WIGHT,  DAVID.  2d  July  1829. 

Apijrentice  to  Charles  Campbell  Stewart. — Second  son  of  David  Wight  of 
Ormiston.     Died  15th  June  1860,  unmarried. 

WIGHT,  JOHN.  9th  July  1819. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  John  Dundas;  and  (2)  Hugh  James  RoUo. — Son  of  Claud 
Wight,  of  the  Customs,  Leith.     Die(?  14th  May  1836,  aged  43.    Mar. 

WIGHTMAN,  JAIVIES  CULLEN  SETON.  21st  July  1875. 

Apprentice  to  John  M.  Liudesay  and  Alexander  Howe. — Son  of  James  Seton 
Wightman  of  Courance,  Dumfriesshire.  Born  6th  December  1850.  Died  10th 
March  1883,  unmarried. 

WILKIE,  GEORGE,  of  Buidgerheugh.  7th  March  1705. 

Apprentice  to  John  Wilkie,  his  brother. — Mar.  12th  November  1708,  Jean, 
daughter  of  Thomas  Rutherford  of  that  Ilk. 

WILKIE,  JAMES.  26th  November  1829, 

Apprentice  to  Alexander  Pearson. — Son  of  John  Wilkie,  residing  at  Tannadice, 
Forfarshire.    Died  6th  April  1834,  aged  40,  unmarried. 


216  THE   SOCIETY  OF  WEITEES  TO  THE   SIGNET 

WILKIE,  JOHN.  12th  June  1637. 

Apprentice  to  Alexander  Douglas. — Be-admitted  21st  November  1661. 

WILKIE,  JOHN.  12th  June  1693. 

Apprentice  to  George  Dallas. — I>ied  26th  May  1704,  aged  34. 

WILLIAMS,  Rev.  HAMILTON  JOHN.  5th  June  1823. 

Apprentice  to  James  and  Donald  Home. — Son  of  Robert  WilUams  of  Ceme 
Abbas,  Dorset.  Born  1797.  Died  13th  December  1879.  Mar.  Margaret, 
daughter  of  Thomas  Taunton  of  Wrackleford,  Dorset.  Vicar  of  Buckland 
Dinham,  Somerset. 

WILLIAMSON,  DAVID.  10th  March  1803. 

Apprentice  to  Thomas  Cranston. — Son  of  George  Williamson,  Messenger  in 
Edinburgh.     Died  1833. 

WILLIAMSON,  DAVID.  29th  May  1828. 

Apprentice  to  Thomas  Corrie  and  David  Welsh. — Only  son  of  Thomas 
Williamson,  Writer  in  Dumfries.     Born  1805.     Died  21st  July  1843,  unmarried. 

WILIJAMSON,  ROBERT.  1609. 

WILLIAMSON,  THOMAS.  1st  December  1683. 

Apprentice  to  John  Alexander,  Sen. — Died  about  1696.     Mar.  Jean  Young. 

WILSON,  CHARLES.  21st  November  1867. 

Apprentice  to  Charles  Morton. — Son  of  John  Wilson,  Farmer  at  Tochineal, 
Banffshire,  Factor  for  the  Earl  of  Seafield.    Born  7th  March  1842. 

WILSON,  DAVID.  28th  June  1821. 

Apprentice  to  Sir  James  Gibson-Ci-aig. — Second  son  of  John  Wilson  of  Transy, 
Fifeshire.     Died  31st  May  1830. 

WILSON,  FRANCIS  of  Croglin.  6th  December  1804. 

Apprentice  to  Sir  Henry  Jardine.— Son  of  Ebenezer  Wilson,  Bookseller  in 
Dumfriesshire.     Bom  1779.    Died  15th  March  1831.    Mar.  Janet  Dove. 

WILSON,  HENRY. 

Son  of  Robert  Wilson,  of  the  city  of  Dieppe,  sometime  Merchant  in  Edinburgh, 
deprived  27th  October  1609,  for  not  keeping  an  "  open  buith." 

WILSON,  BUTTON.  27th  June  1839. 

Apprentice  to  James  Hope,  Jun.— Son  of  James  Wilson,  residing  in  Edinburgh. 
Bom  25th  June  1815.  Died  8th  July  1854,  unmarried.  Depute  SherifiF-Clerk  of 
Mid-Lothian,  1843-54. 

WILSON,  JAMES. 

Signs  the  Acts  26th  December  1627.     Mar.  Janet  Coupar. 


LIST   or  MEMBEES  217 

WILSON,  JAMES.  1st  July  1825. 

Apprentice  to  William  Patrick. — Son  of  John  Wilson,  Vintner  in  Beith.  Died 
16th  December  1836,  aged  39,  unmarried. 

WILSON,  JAMES.  14th  November  1833. 

Apprentice  to  William  Kenny. — Son  of  James  Wilson,  Sherifif-Clerk  of  Mid- 
Lothian.     Bom  16th  August  1809.     Died  10th  June  1866,  unmarried. 

WILSON,  JOHN  COLIN.  23d  May  1820. 

Apprentice  to  Thomas  Cranston  and  George  Veitch. — Second  son  of  the  Rev. 
John  Wilson,  Minister  of  Lesmahagow.  Died  27th  December  1837,  aged  42. 
Mar.  29th  May  1822,  Jane  Ewart,  daughter  of  Thomas  Peat,  W.S. 

WILSON,  PATRICK.  5th  January  1654. 

WILSON,  PATRICK.  18th  December  1834.- 

Apprentice  to  William  Young. — Son  of  Robert  Wilson  of  Bowfield.  Born  6th 
December  1809.     Died  3d  June  1885,  unmarried. 

WILSON,  PETER.  21st  May  1829. 

Apprentice  to  Donald  Home. — Son  of  William  Wilson,  Banker  in  Thurso.  Died 
11th  May  1852,  aged  46,  unmarried.     Commissary  Clerk  of  Caithness,  1839-52. 

WILSON,  ROBERT  SYM.  8th  February  1816. 

Apprentice  to  John  Terrier. — Fourth  son  of  John  Wilson,  Merchant  in  Paisley. 
Bom  6th  March  1792.  Died  7th  May  1868.  Mar.  26th  May  1813,  Eliza, 
daughter  of  James  Penny  of  AiTad,  Lancashire,  Merchant,  Liverpool. 

WILSON,  THOMAS.  19th  July  1872. 

Apprentice  to  James  Hope  and  Robert  Mackay. — Bom  30th  October  1835.  Died 
7th  June  1878.     Mar.  23d  June  1864,  Margaret  Eweu. 

WILSON,  WILLIAM.  2d  October  1697. 

Apprentice  to  James  Henderson. — Born  1667.  Died  16th  January  1727.  Mar. 
29th  August  1706,  Jean,  second  daughter  of  James  Crokat,  Merchant,  Edinburgh. 

WILSON,  WILLIAM,  of  Howden.  15th  January  1739. 

Apprentice  to  Alexander  Hay. — Eldest  son  of  John  Wilson,  Bachelor  of 
Humanity  in  Edinburgh.  Died  18th  June  1787,  aged  77.  Mar.  (1)  3d  January 
1732,  Mary  Campbell;  and  (2)  24th  June  1757,  Margaret,  daughter  of  Thomas 
Young,  Merchant  in  Edinburgh. 

WILSON,  WILLIAM.  12th  July  1779. 

Apprentice  to  William  Wilson. — Only  son  of  Alexander  Wilson,  Hosier  in 
Glasgow.    Died  1st  March  1783. 

2  K 


218  THE   SOCIETY   OF  WRITERS  TO   THE  SIGNET 

WILSON,  WILLIAM.  1st  July  1808. 

Apprentice  to,  and  third  son  of,  William  Wilson  of  Howden,  W.S. — Born  22d 
September  1767.  Died  5th  July  1821.  Mar.  2d  August  1803,  Cecilia,  daughter 
of  John  Gardiner,  Merchant  in  London. 

WILSON,  WILLIAM.  20th  December  1827. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  Ralph  James  Dundas ;  and  (2)  James  Dundas. — Eldest  son  of 
William  Wilson,  W.S.  Bffrn  9th  December  1805.  Died  8th  July  1880.  Mar. 
(1)  4th  June  1845,  Louisa,  daughter  of  Cohn  Mackenzie  of  Portmore;  and  (2) 
23d  November  1876,  Caroline,  daughter  of  John  Dundas,  W.S.  Deputy-Keeper 
of  the  Great  Seal,  1846-52. 

WILSON,  WILLIAM  BOLDEN.  12th  January  1885. 

Apprentice  to  William  Wilson,  his  uncle,  and  Ralph  Dundas. — Son  of  Admiral 
Thomas  WDson,  C.B.     Bom  22d  October  1860. 

WINCHESTER,  WILLIAM  GRANT  LUMSDEN.  10th  May  1879. 

Apprentice  to  Charles  Baxter. — Son  of  James  Webster  Winchester,  LL.D., 
Deputy  Inspector  General  of  Hospitals,  Bombay  Army.  Born  31st  January 
1855.     Clerk  to  the  Admission  of  Notaries,  1888. 

WISH  ART,  ANDREW,  LL.B.  12th  April  1887. 

Apprentice  to  John  Patrick  Wright.^ — Son  of  John  Wishart,  Manager,  Grange 
Distillery,  Burntisland.     Born  25th  August  1859. 

WISHART,  ARCHIBALD.  13th  November  1817. 

Apprentice  to  Robert  Dundas. — Son  of  William  Thomas  Wishart  of  Foxhall. 
Born  1786.  Died  7th  August  1853.  Mar.  14th  July  1836,  Brodie  Gordon, 
daughter  of  Rev.  Dr,  James  Simmie,  Minister  of  Rothiemay.  Deputy-Keeper  of 
the  Register  of  Sasines. 

WISHART,  PATRICK,  of  Foxhall.  9th  July  1802. 

Apprentice  to  James  Balfour. — Fourth  son  of  William  Thomas  Wishart  of 
Foxhall,  Linlithgowshire.  Bcrrn  25th  June  1776.  Died  26th  November  1831. 
Mar.  23d  March  1807,  Margaret,  second  daughter  of  Alexander  Robertson  of 
Prenderguest,  Berwickshire. 

WOOD,  Sir  ALEXANDER,  K.C.M.G.  8th  March  1796. 

Apprentice  to  John  Wauchope. — Second  son  of  Alexander  Wood,  Surgeon  in 
Edinburgh.  Died  18th  March  1847.  Mar.  Christian,  eldest  daughter  of  Sir 
William  Forbes  of  Pitsligo,  Bart.     Secretary,  Ionian  Islands. 

WOOD,  ALEXANDER.  30th  November  1850.  N 

Apprentice  to  Anderson  an  1  Trotter. — Son  of  Alexander  Wood,  Advocate.  Bom 
25th  May  1821.    Died  Slst  May  1852,  unmarried. 


LIST   OF  MEMBERS  «1» 

WOOD,  ARTHUR  BENJAMIN  CART  WRIGHT.  13th  April  1885. 

Apprentice  to  Donald  Beith  and  Andrew  Forrester. — Son  of  Thomas  Wood, 
sometime  Provost  of  Portobello.     Born  24th  June  1860. 

WOOD,  GEORGE  JOHN.  18th  April  1877. 

Apprentice  to  T.  G.  Murray  and  J.  A.  Jamieson. — Fourth  son  of  Andrew  Wood, 
M.D.,  LL.D.,  Edinburgh.  Bffm  9th  September  1853.  Mar.  21st  July  1887, 
Mary  Balfour,  eldest  surviving  daughter  of  William  Robertson  of  Auchinroath, 
Elginshire,  and  granddaughter  of  the  Hon.  Lord  Ardmillan. 

WOOD,  JOHN  GEORGE.  5th  March  1829. 

Apprentice  to  John  Tod. — Eldest  son  of  John  Philip  Wood,  Auditor  of  Excise, 
Edinburgh.  Born  5th  April  1804.  Died  14th  September  1865.  Mar.  16th 
October  1846,  Margaret,  daughter  of  Lieutenant-Colonel  George  Cadell,  H.E.I.C.S. 

WOOD,  JOHN  PHILIP.  29th  June  1871. 

Apprentice  to  Patrick  Dalmahoy  and  John  Cowan. — Eldest  son  of  John  George 
Wood,  W.S.  Bm-n  12th  September  1847.  Mar.  12th  April  1882,  Margaret 
Ellinor,  daughter  of  Hugh  Lyon  Tennent,  Advocate. 

WOODMAN,  JAMES  LINNING.  21st  November  1833. 

Apprentice  to  Michael  Linning. — Eldest  son  of  Dr.  James  Woodman,  Physician 
at  Bognor,  Sussex.  Bom  27th  September  1811.  Died  1st  February  1856. 
Mar.  1st  March  1854,  Ursilla  Katherine,  eldest  daughter  of  William  Bruce  of 
Symbister,  Shetland. 

WORDSWORTH,  SAMUEL.  5th  March  1829. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  Archibald  Crawford ;  and  (2)  Peter  Couper. — Son  of  Samuel 
Wordsworth,  residing  in  Nottingham.  Died  24th  November  1855,  aged  50.  Mar. 
21st  November  1844,  Frances,  third  daughter  of  Robert  Young,  G.P.O. 

WORMALD,  JOSEPH  DAWSON.  5t!i  June  1862. 

Apprentice  to  John  Hope.— ^ww  4th  March  1830.  Died  29th  March  1883. 
Mar.  Mary  Anderson.     Struck  off  list  of  Society  21st  June  1876. 

WOTHERSPOON,  JOHN.  23d  November  1827. 

Apprentice  to  John  M'Kean  and  James  A.  Cheyne.— Son  of  William  Wotherspoon, 
Accountant  in  Edinburgh.     Died  1852,  aged  51,  unmarried. 

WOTHERSPOON,  ROBERT  ALEXANDER.  13th  March  1849. 

Apprentice  to  Andrew  Hill. — Son  of  William  Wotherspoon  of  Hillside,  S.S.C. 
Bm-n  1826.     Died  11th  April  1851,  unmarried. 

WRIGHT,  JAMES.  7th  July  1807. 

Apprentice  to  Sir  James  Gibson-Craig. — Eldest  son  of  Rev.  John  Wright,. 
Minister  of  Scone.    Died  21st  March  1864,  aged  81,  unmarried. 


««0  THE   SOCIETY   OF  WEITEES  TO   THE   SIGNET 

WEIGHT,  JOHN.  15th  June  1837. 

Apprentice  to  James  Wright. — Eldest  son  of  the  Eev.  George  Wright,  Minister 
of  Kingsbarns.  Born  26th  September  1814.  Died  2(i  November  1888.  Mar. 
17th  October  1865,  Jane,  second  daughter  of  John  Eutherford  Greig  of  Lethangie, 
Kinross-shire. 

WEIGHT,  JOHN  PATEICK.  24th  March  1873. 

Apprentice  to  John  Dundas  and  William  Wilson. — Son  of  James  Wright, 
Secretary,  Eoyal  Bank  of  Scotland.  Born  6th  October  1846.  Mar.  4th  June 
1872,  Anna,  only  daughter  of  Bethune  James  Walker  Morison  of  Falfield,  Fifeshire. 

WEIGHT,  EOBEET.  22d  November  1832. 

Apin-entice  to  William  Young. — Son  of  John  Wright,  Builder  in  Edinburgh. 
Born  14th  February  1807.     Died  15th  August  1846,  unmarried. 

WEIGHT,  THOMAS  GUTHEIE.  23d  November  1802. 

Apprentice  to  Eichard  Hotchkis. — ^Youngest  son  of  Charles  Wright,  Bookseller 
in  Edinburgh.  Died  at  Paris  1st  September  1849,  aged  72.  Mar.  22d  March 
1809,  Mary,  youngest  daughter  of  Professor  John  Hill,  University  of  Edin- 
burgh.   Auditor  of  Court  of  Session,  1806-49. 

WYLD,  EOBEET  STODAET,  of  Gilston,  LL.D.  12th  December  1833. 

Apprentice  to  Adam  Gib  Ellis. — Eldest  son  of  James  Wyld  of  Gilston,  Merchant 
in  Leith.  Bom  16th  April  1808.  Mar.  (1)  9th  October  1838,  Isabella  Georgina, 
daughter  of  Lieutenant- Colonel  Maxwell,  of  the  Belgic  Service;  and  (2)  1st 
November  1844,  Margaret,  third  daughter  of  Walter  Gibson  Cassels,  Edinburgh. 
Author  of  The  Philosophy  of  the  Senses  and  other  works. 

WYLIE,  ALEXANDER  21st  February  1856. 

Apprentice  to  William  Waddell. — Fourth  son  of  William  Wylie,  residing  at 
Paparthills,  Shotts,  Lanarkshire.  Born  1st  January  1828.  Mar.  25th  September 
1866,  Janet,  eldest  daughter  of  Patrick  Jamieson,  Merchant  in  Edinburgh. 

WYLIE,  DAVID. 

Signs  Minute  of  17th  January  1606.  Mar.  Mariota,  daughter  of  Eichard  Colville, 
Burgess  of  Edinburgh. 

WYLIE,  JAMES,  of  Annatfield.  22d  November  1799. 

Apprentice  to  Thomas  Grierson. — Only  son  of  James  Wylie  of  Cockrigg,  Mid- 
Lothian.  Died  20th  April  1831.  Mar.  21st  July  1812,  Elizabeth,  youngest 
daughter  of  William  Macfarlane,  W.S. 

WYLIE,  WILLIAM. 

Signs  the  Minute  of  16th  December  1594.     Died  before  1621. 

WYNEAM,  GEOEGE,  of  Overgogak. 

Son  of  Eobert  Wynram  of  Overgogar.     Eetoured  heir  .to  his  father,  1610. 


LIST  OF  MEMBERS  221 

WYNRAM,  OR  WINRAHAM,  JAMES.  1st  April  1684. 

Apprentice  to  James  Hay. — Mar.  Agnes  Auchinleck.   Sheriflf-Clerk  at  Duns,  1692. 

WYNRAM,  ROBERT. 

Died  15th  January  1628.  Mar.  24th  December  1612,  Maria,  daughter  of  William 
Kellie,  W.S. 

WYNRAME,  JAMES. 

Signs  Minute  of  17th  January  1606.  Mar.  Janet  Swinton.  Keeper  of  the  Signet 
before  1616. 

YEAMAN,  ALEXANDER.  15th  July  1885. 

Apprentice  to  Alexander  Howe,  James  S.  Tytler,  and  William  Macgillivray. — 
Son  of  John  Yeaman,  Junior,  Forfar.  Bmn  2d  March  1852.  Mar.  12th  October 
1882,  Susan  Christina  Ursula,  daughter  of  Colonel  John  W.  Auld,  H.ELC.S. 

YORSTOUN,  WILLIAM  GRIERSON,  of  Garroch.  16th  May  1815. 

Apprentice  to  James  Hope. — Son  of  Thomas  Grierson  of  Garroch,  Kirkcudbright- 
shire. Died  23d  June  1851,  aged  62.  Mar.  1st  August  1844,  Emma,  only 
daughter  of  William  Parker  of  Sunderland. 

YOUNG,  ALEXANDER,  of  Harburn.  7th  March  1786. 

Apprentice  to  Alexander  Orr,  his  uncle.— Only  son  of  Rev.  William  Young, 
Minister  of  Hutton.  Bmn  June  1759.  Died  3d  December  1842.  Mar.  6th  May 
1789,  Sophia,  third  daughter  of  William  Bell  of  Guernsey. 

YOUNG,  ALEXANDER  KETTLE.  4th  July  1809. 

Apprentice  to  James  Laidlaw. — Second  son  of  the  Rev.  Thomas  Kettle,  Minister 
of  Leuchars.  Bled,  30th  August  1841,  aged  59.  Mar.  15th  July  1833,  Agnes, 
daughter  of  Henry  Barrie,  Farmer.  Assumed  the  name .  of  Young  by  royal 
Ucence  30th  December  1834. 

YOUNG,  ANDREW,  of  Eastfield.  10th  April  1661. 

Apprentice  to  Richard  Guthrie. — Died  before  1690.  Mar.  28th  April  1658, 
Euphan  Yoole.     Clerk  to  the  Incorporation  of  Chirurgeons.     Treasurer,  1682-86. 

YOUNG,  CHARLES.  1st  July  1790. 

Apprentice  to  Alexander  Mackenzie. — Son  of  Francis  Young,  Acting  Collector  of 
Excise  at  Haddington.     Died  18th  January  1802. 

YOUNG,  EBENEZER  DENHOLM.  11th  January  1887. 

Apprentice  to  Charles  Baxter. — Son  of  Lieutenant-Colonel  Samuel  Denholm 
Young,  H.E.I.C.S.  Bmn  21st  August  1857.  Mar.  20th  December  1888,  Jessie, 
second  daughter  of  David  Woodburn,  M.D.,  Camlarg,  Dalmellington. 

YOUNG,  JAMES.  16th  July  1888. 

Apprentice  to  James  H.  Jameson. ^.Bwn  8th  July  1856.  Mar.  26th  July  1883, 
Margaret  Welsh,  only  daughter  of  John  Tumbull,  Merchant,  Edinburgh. 


THE   SOCIETY   OF  WEITEES   TO  THE   SIGNET 

YOUNG,  JOHN,  OF  Harperdean. 

Commissioner,  16tli  December  1594.  Brother  of  Thomas  Young  of  Leny,  Mid- 
Lothian.     Town-Clerk  of  Edinburgh. 

YOUNG,  JOHN.  21st  December  1786.      . 

Apprentice  to  Alexander  Orme. — Eldest  son  of  the  Eev.  Thomas  Young,  Minister 
of  Cupar-Fife.     IXed  1828. 

YOUNG,  JOHN  WILLIAM.  22d  July  1868. 

Apprentice  to  (1)  William  Young;  and  (2)  Laurence  Davidson. — Son  of  William 
Young,  W.S.    Bom  2d  April  1836. 

YOUNG,  ROBEKT  HUNTER.  9th  March  1843. 

Apprentice  to  Walter  Duthie. — Fourth  son  of  David  Young  of  Cornhill,  Aber- 
deen. Born  24th  August  1820.  Died  1st  December  1851.  Mar.  4th  March 
1845,  Isabella  Sophia,  only  daughter  of  Ewan  Evely  Arthur,  Merchant  in  London. 

YOUNG,  THOMAS,  of  Cammo. 

Commissioner,  16th  December  1594.    Died  before  1635.     Mar.  Isobel  Bannatyne. 

YOUNG,  THOMAS,  of  Leny. 

Died  about  1654.  Mar.  Margaret,  daughter  of  James  Primrose,  Clerk  to  the 
Privy  Council. 

YOUNG,  WILLIAM.  17th  June  1816. 

Apprentice  to  John  Tweedie. — Second  son  of  Archibald  Young,  Surgeon  in 
Glasgow.  Died  22d  April  1855,  aged  59.  Mar.  21st  January  1820,  Agnes,  only 
daughter  of  James  Gerard  of  Whitehaugh. 

YOUNG,  WILLIAM. 

See  Herries,  William  Young. 

YOUNGSON,  ALEXANDER.  20th  May  1794. 

Apprentice  to  John  Taylor. — Son  of  Rev.  Andrew  Youngson,  Minister  of  Aber- 
dour.     Born  1767.    Died  24th  February  1849. 

YULE,  JOHN.  26th  May  1818. 

Apprentice  to  Alexander  Duncan. — Second  son  of  John  Yule,  Baker  in  Edin- 
burgh. Died  15th  May  1851,  aged  67.  Mar.  11th  June  1822,  J.  Morrison,  fifth 
daughter  of  Robert  Brown,  Westbarns,  East  Lothian. 

YULE,  JOHN.  6th  March  1845. 

Apprentice  to  John  Yule. — Eldest  son  of  George  Yule,  Merchant  in  Edinburgh. 
Bom  18th  March  1818.    Died  17th  April  1861,  unmarried. 


LIST    OF    OFFICE-BEARERS 


LIST  OF  OFFICE-BEARERS 


THE  LORD  SECRETAEIES  AND  KEEPERS  OF  THE  SIGNET 


1363-1365. 

1370 

1388 

1392-1400. 

1402-1404. 

1405 

1423 

1425 

1426 

1427 

1439-1440. 

1441 

1444-1448. 

1449-1452. 

1453 

1456-1458. 

1458-1459. 

1459-1462. 

1463-1493. 

1493-1503. 

1507-1517. 

1517 

1525-1526. 

1526-1542. 

1542.  Jan. 

1542.  Feb. 

1542 

1558.  Dec. 

1573 

1583 

1591.  Apr. 

1596.  May 

1598.  Jan. 


2. 


4. 


Walter,  of  Wardlaw,  . 

John  Lyon, 

Duncan  Petit, 

Reginald,  of  Crawford, 

Walter  Forster,    . 

John  of  Crawford, 

Patrick  Houstoun,  Canon  of  Glasgow, 

John  Cameron,  Bishop  of  Glasgow, 

John,  of  Inverkeithing, 

William  Fowlis,     .... 

John  Methven 

William  Turnbull, 

John  Raulston,  Bishop  of  Dunkeld, 

Nicholas  Otterburn, 

George  Schoirswood, 

Thomas  Vaus,  Dean  of  Glasgow, 

John  Arous,  Archdeacon  of  Glasgow, 

George  Liddell, 

Archibald  Whitelaw,  Archdeacon  of  Lothian, 

RiciLiRD  Muirhead,  Dean  of  Glasgow, 

Patrick  Paniter,  Abbot  of  Cambuskenneth, 

Thomas  Hay, 

Patrick  Hepburn,  Prior  of  St.  Andrews,     . 

Thomas  Erskine,  of  Halton  (Sir  T.  E.,  of  Brechin), 

David  Paniter,  Bishop  of  Ross,     ... 

David  Paniter  and  Henry  Balnaves, 

David  Paniter, 

Sir  William  Maitland,  of  Lethington,  Yr., 

Robert  Pitcairn  Archdeacon  of  St.  Andrews, 

Sir  John  Maitland  of  Thirlestane, 
22.  Sir  Richard  Cockburn  of  Clerkington, 
28.  John  Lindsay  of  Balcarres, 

James  Elphinstone,  Lord  Balmerino,    . 


Excheq.  liolls. 


Ads  of  Par. 
Exclieq.  Bolls. 
Reg.  Mag.  Sig. 
Reg.  Mag.  Sig. 
Excheq.  Rolls. 
Reg.  Mag.  Sig. 


Reg.  Sec.  Sig. 

Reg.  Mag.  Sig. 

»» 
Prim/  Council. 


THE  SOCIETY  OF  WEITEES  TO  THE  SIGNET 


Reg.  Mag.  Sig. 
"/  Date  of  Commission. 

1608.  May. 

1609.  15th  July. 
1612.  24th  July. 

1626.  8th  May. 

1627.  20th  October. 

1630.  24th  March. 

1640.  15th  March. 

1640.  26th  March. 

1644.  January. 

1644.  22dJuly. 

1649.  lOtli  March. 


James,  Lord  Balmerino,  and  Sir  Alexander  Hay,  of  Newton. 

Sir  Alexander  Hay,  of  Newton. 

Thomas  Hamilton,  Earl  of  Haddington. 

Sir  William  Alexander,  of  Menstrie. 

Sir  William  Alexander,  and  Sir  Archibald  Acheson,  of 

Glencairn. 
Sir  William  Alexander,  and  Sir  Archibald  Acheson. 
Sir  William  Alexander,  Earl  of  Stirling. 
William,  Earl  of  Lanark. 

William,  Earl  of  Lanark,  and  Sir  James  Gaixoway. 
Sir  Eobert  Spott'eswood,  of  New  Abbey. 
William,  Earl  of  Lanark.     (See  Acts  of  Pari.  "Vol.  vi.  i.  182.) 
William,  Earl  of  Lothian.     (Acts  of  Pari.  Vol.  vi.  ii.  273.) 


[The  Cominonwealth.'] 


1661.  19th  January. 
1680.  nth  October. 
1682.  26th  September. 
1685.   10th  February. 

1690.  22d  February. 

1691.  1st  January. 

1692.  3d  March. 
1696.  15th  January. 
1696.  5th  February. 

1699.  31st  January. 

1702.  6th  May. 

1702.  12th  May. 

1702.  21st  November. 

1704.  6th  March. 

1704.  Nth  October. 

1705.  9th  March. 

1705.  5th  June. 

1705.  29th  September. 

1706.  20th  June. 
1708.  3d  May. 


John,  Duke  of  Lauderdale. 

Alexander,  Earl  of  Moray. 

Alexander,  Earl  of  Moray,  and  Charles,  Earl  of  Middleton. 

Alexander,  Earl  of  Moray,  and  John,  Viscount  Melfort. 

George,  Earl  of  Melvillk 

George,  Earl  of  Melville,  and  John,  Master  of  Stair. 

George,  Earl  of  Melville,  and  James  Johnston. 

John,  Lord  Murray. 

John,  Lord  Murray,  and  James,  Lord  Deskford,  afterwards 
Earl  of  Seafield. 

James,  Earl  of  Seafield,  and  John,  Earl  of  Hyndford. 

James,  Earl  of  Seafield,  and  James,  Duke  of  Queensberry. 

James,  Earl  of  Seafield,  and  James,  Duke  of  Queensberry. 

George,  Viscount  Tarbet,  and  James,  Duke  of  Queensberry. 

John,  Earl  of  Roxburghe. 

John,  Earl  of  Roxburghe,  and  James,  Earl  of  Seafield. 

John,  Earl  of  Roxburghe,  and  William,  Marquis  of 
Annandale. 

Hugh,  Earl  of  Loudoun,  and  William,  Marquis  of  Annan- 
dale. 

Hugh,  Earl  of  Loudoun,  and  John,  Earl  of  Mar. 

Hugh,  Earl  of  Loudoun,  and  John,  Earl  of  Mar. 

John,  Earl  of  Mar. 


LIST   OF  OFFICE-BEAEERS 


225 


Reg.  Mag.  Sig. 
Date  of  Commission. 

1709.  20th  July. 

1710.  20th  July. 
1710.  21st  November. 

1713.  17th  September. 

1714.  8th  October. 

1715.  6th  August. 

1716.  3d  December. 
1725.  16th  September. 

1727.  24th  July. 

1730.  24th  June. 

1741.  18th  February. 


James,    Duke    of    Queensberry,    and    Charles,    Earl    of 

sunderiand. 
James,  Duke  of  Queensberry. 

James,  Duke  of  Queensberry,  and  William,  Lord  Dart- 
mouth. 
John,  Earl  of  Mar. 
James,  Duke  of  Montrose. 

Charles,  Viscount  Townshend,  and  Rt.  Hon.  James  Stanhope. 
John,  Duke  of  Roxburghe. 
Thomas  Holles,  Duke  of  Newcastle,  and  Charles,  Viscount 

Townshend. 
Thomas  Holles,  Duke  of  Newcastle,  and  Charles,  Viscount 

Townshend. 
Thomas  Holles,  Duke  of  Newcastle,  and  William,  Lord 

Harrington. 
John,  Marquis  of  Tweeddale. 


[Office  of  Secretary  of  State  for  Scotland  abolished  1746.] 


KEEPERS  OF  THE  SIGNET 


1746.  10th  November. 
1766.  4th  December. 
1777.  6th  February. 
1777.  3d  March. 
1779.  23d  June. 
1792.  10th  August. 
1800.  26th  May. 
1814.  13th  August. 
1845.  12th  December. 
1860.  22nd  December. 
1862.  1st  July. 

1878.  13th  March. 

1879.  21st  February. 
1890.  14th  May. 
1890.  30th  May. 


Andrew  Fletcher,  of  Milton. 
Sir  Gilbert  Elliot,  of  Minto. 
John  Mackenzie,  of  Delvine,  interim. 

Rt.  Hon.  Henry  Dundas,  and  Andrew  Stuart,  of  Craigthorn. 
Right  Hon.  Henry  Dundas. 
Right  Hon.  Henry  Dundas,  and  Robert  Dundas. 
Robert  Dundas,  Viscount  Melville. 
Right  Hon.  William  Dundas. 
James,  Marquis  of  Dalhousie. 
James  Hope,  interim. 

Sir  William  Gibson-Craig,  of  Riccarton. 
James  Hope,  interim. 
George  Frederick,  Earl  of  Glasgow. 
Charles  Bowman  Logan,  interim. 
Douglas  Beresford,  Duke  of  Montrose. 
2  F 


828 


THE  SOCIETY   OF  WRITEES  TO  THE  SIGNET 


1726. 

1741.  26th  January. 

1742.  12th  March. 
1744.  27th  December. 
1746.  22<i  November. 
1762.  16th  November. 
1767.  2d  March. 
1786.  4th  January. 
1831.  20th  October. 
1867.  4th  October. 
1876.  6th  October. 
1885.  19th  August. 


John  Hay,  and  Alexander  Campbell. 

Archibald  Campbell,  and  Alexander  Campbell. 

James  Hay,  and  John  Hay. 

Alexander  Tait. 

Alexander  Tait,  and  John  Watson. 

Alexander  Gray,  and  "William  Alston. 

George  Sandy. 

John  Home. 

John  Hamilton. 

John  Kichardson. 

Hon.  James  William  Moncreiff. 

John  Milligan. 


ASSISTANT   CLERKS  AND   EXTRACTORS  OF  THE  SIGNET 


1711.  21st  Jan. 

1711.  7th  Nov. 

1712.  21st  Jan. 

1722.  15th  Jan. 
1741.  9th  Nov. 
1768.  13th  Dec. 


WlLLLiM  CADDELL. 

Andrew  Geddes. 
John  Bogle. 
Robert  Manson. 
William  Roy. 
Robert  Kinnell. 
James  Sandars. 
1889.  22d  Jan. 


1776.  19th  June.  Alexander  Alison. 
1805.  23d  Aug.    John  Cameron. 
1810.  26th  Nov.  John  Finlayson. 
1831  20th  Oct.     Robert  Webster. 
1846.  2d  Sept.     James  Milligan. 
1876.  9th  Oct.     John  Milligan. 
1885.  6th  Sept.    John  Dunbar  Duff. 
James  Hume  Notman. 


FISCALS 


1596.  23d  July.  Adam  Coupar. 

1599.  21st  February.  Harry  Bickartoun. 

1604.  27th  March.  George  Mack. 

1627.  28th  December.  Hew  Ros. 

1657.  2d  February.  William  Ros. 

1666.  22d  January.  George  Dallas. 

1671.  4th  January.  Hugh  Wallace. 

1681.  25th  September.  Alexander  Aikenhkad. 

1683.  29th  January.  Alexander  Chaplane. 

1684.  20th  October.  John  Frank. 
1686.  13th  November.  Willlam  Stirling. 

1690.  5th  May.  John  Cunningham,  of  Bandalloch. 

1695.  19th  July.  William  Dallas. 

1696.  4th  May.  John  Strachan. 

1697.  19th  July.  William  Dallas,  and  Robert  Pringle. 


LIST  OF  OFFICE-BEAKERS 


228a 


1699 

1702. 

1703. 

1710. 

1717. 

1722. 

1723. 

1725. 

1726. 

1728. 

1729. 

1732. 

1734. 

1754. 

1755. 

1763. 

1777. 

1796. 

1807. 

1820. 

1824. 

1844. 

1851. 

1864. 

1872. 

1883. 

1887. 


2d-  October.  William  Dallas,  and  Alexander  Glass. 

16th  November.  William  Menzies. 

22d  November.  Robert  Campbell. 

21st  December.  Thomas  Boyes. 

ISth  February.  JoHN  Stewart. 

12th  November.  George  Kennedy. 

14th  November.  John  Dunda.s. 

8th  November.  William  Forbes. 

11th  November.  John  Hamilton,  Jun. 

11th  November.  Archibald  Stewart. 

10th  November.  Robert  Wallace,  Jun. 

13th  November.  John  Hay. 

11th  November.  Ronald  Dunbar. 

26th  November.  Samuel  Mitchelson. 

24th  November.  Peter  Sinclair. 

28th  November.  John  Smith. 

24th  November.  John  Russell. 

30th  May.  James  MARSHAiJi.  ) 

30th  November.  Patrick  Russell. 

26th  December.  Richard  Mackenzie. 

26th  May.  James  Nairne. 

3d  July.  Alexander  Douglas. 

17th  July.  Adam  Gib  Ellis. 

2 let  November.  Patrick  Dalmahoy. 

18th  November.  William  Ramsay  Kermack. 

20th  June.  Charles  Bowman  Logan. 

20th  December.  John  Cowan. 


TREASUEERS 


1654. 
1659. 
1662. 
1682. 
1686. 
1691. 
1697. 
1698. 
1699. 
1703. 
1710. 


13th  March. 
18th  January. 
13th  January. 
3d  November. 
13th  November. 
13th  July. 
15th  November. 
16th  August. 
7th  November. 
29th  January. 
21st  December. 


George  Mack. 
James  Allan. 
David  Watson. 
Andrew  Young. 
John  Frank. 
John  Macfarlane. 
Thomas  Pringle. 
David  Ramsay. 
John  Lutfutt. 
Patrick  Home. 
James  Baillie. 


THE  SOCIETY   OF  WEITEES  TO   THE  SIGNET 


1714. 

20th  April. 

Alexander  Glass. 

1722. 

26th  November. 

Alexander  Stevenson. 

1732. 

John  Steuart. 

1736. 

8th  November. 

John  Hay. 

1746. 

17th  February. 

Alexander  Si-eyenson. 

1755. 

3d  February. 

Samuel  Mitchelson. 

1788. 

27th  June. 

William  Tytler. 

1792. 

17th  December. 

ElCHARD   HOTGHKIS. 

1824. 

12th  March. 

KiCHARD  Mackenzie. 

1828. 

4th  February. 

Andrew  Storie. 

1862. 

18th  June. 

John  Gibson,  Jun. 

1870. 

7th  February. 

John  Clerk  Brodie. 

1882. 

3d  April. 

John  Thomson  Mowbray. 

PROFESSORS  OF  CONVEYANCING 


1816.  16th  December. 

1847.  12th  March. 

1856.  28th  February. 

1866.  28th  May. 


Macvey  Napier. 
Allan  Menzies. 
Alexander  Montgomerie  Bell. 
James  Stuart  Fraser  Tytler. 


LIBRARIANS 


1805.  9th  December. 
1837.  21st  June. 
1879.  24th  March. 


Macvey  Napier. 
David  Laing. 
Thomas  Graves  Law. 


COLLECTORS   OF  WIDOWS'    FUND 


1803.  Ist  August 
1806.  20th  January. 
1818.  6th  July. 
1828.  17th  November. 
1861.  nth  March. 


Sir  Adam  Ferguson. 
Francis  Napier. 
James  Stuart. 
Walter  Cook. 
John  Cook. 


ABSTRACT    OF    Mi:^rUTES 


ABSTEACT  OF  MINUTES. 


At  Edinburghe  the  Tent  day  of  .  .  .  God  j™  v"=  fourescoir 

fourten  yeiris. 

Mr.  John  Layng,  keeper  of  the  signet,  produced  a  commission  granted  by 
Sir  Eicliard  Cokburne  of  Clerkingtoun,  knight,  secretary  to  the  king,  in  favour  of 
the  said  Mr.  John  Layng  his  depute,  and  keeper  of  the  signet,  John  Young,  John 
Johnstoun,  Mr.  William  Scott,  John  Andro,  Mr.  John  Kene,  Walter  Maware, 
Adam  Lawtie,  Thomas  Young,  Walter  Henrysoun,  Peter  Hewat,  Harie  Bickartoun, 
[John]  Wardlaw,  Adam  Cowper,  Richard  Karse,  Alexander  Reid,  George  Mak, 
James  [Borjthuik,  and  Thomas  Harvie,  or  any  nine  of  them  conjunctly  (the  depute 
keeper  of  the  signet  being  always  one),  and  failing  of  them,  or  any  of  them  by 
decease,  with  power  to  so  many  of  the  said  commissioners  in  life  for  the  time  to 
put  others  in  the  places  of  those  deceased,  "  of  the  maist  ancient  and  best  qualifeit 
ordinare"  writers  to  the  signet,  to  convene  whenever  they  shall  think  expedient, 
and  to  take  order  with  "  all  abuses,  falsities,  and  informaliteis  in  thair  vocation 
committit  or  to  be  commit  by  any  ordinary  member  and  brother  thereof,  master  and 
servant,"  and  for  remedy  of  the  same  "  to  conclude,  determine,  and  sett  doun  all  actis, 
statutis,  and  ordinancis  necessare,  under  the  panes  of  deprivatioun  simpliciter  of  their 
office,  suspensioun  and  pecuniall  panes  according  to  the  wechtines  of  the  offence." 
And  also  to  make  acts  and  statutes,  as  well  concerning  the  sufficiency  of  such  as 
should  be  presented  by  the  said  secretary,  as  the  form  and  manner  of  trial,  and 
order  of  their  admission  to  the  said  office,  the  contraveners  thereof  to  be  deprived 
or  suspended  at  the  pleasure  of  the  commissioners,  etc.  The  commission  is  dated 
at  Edinburgh  the  16th,  and  recorded  in  the  Books  of  Council  ad  ftitura7n  rei 
tnemoriam,  the  17th  December  1594. 

The  accepting  commissioners  are  Mr.  John  Layng,  John  Young,  John  John- 
stoun, Mr.  William  Scott,  Peter  Hewat,  Adam  Lawtie,  Harie  Bickartoun,  James 
Borthuik,  John  Wardlaw,  Richard  Cas,  Adam  Cowper,  George  Mak,  Thomas 
Young,  and  they,  along  with  the  others  mentioned  in  the  commission,  append  their 
signatures. 

"The  quhilk  day  the  said  Mr.  Johne  Layng  presentit  to  the  saidis  com- 
missioneris  my  lord  secretares  injunctiones  following,  to  be  observit  be  the  ordiner 
wryttaris  to  the  signet  in  all  tyme  cuming,  quhairof  the  tenour  followis  : — 

"1.  In  the  first  that  the  haill  ordinar  writteris  to  the  signet  sweir  to  the  said  lord 
secretare  and  his  depute  in  his  name  thair  lauchfull  obedience  concernyng  thair 
office  as  writtares  to  the  signet,  and  quhen  occasioun  sail  serve  as  hes  bene  in  tjrmes 
by  past  .  .  .  cretare  principal!  to  his  majestic  and  thair  ordinare  maister  thai 
be  ,  .  . 

2  G 


230        THE   SOCIETY  OF  WEITEES   TO   THE   SIGNET        [1594 

"  2.  Item  that  uane  of  thatne  writt  ony  lettres  or  billis  aganis  the  s  .  .  .  without 
thai  first  adverteis  his  lordschip  or  his  depute.  I[tem  that  na]  writtare  mak  ony  billis 
of  quhatsumever  qualitie  or  importance  [to  the]  prejudice  of  the  said  lord  secretares 
office.  Item  quhatsumevir  writtare  obeyis  nocht  his  lordschipis  depute  keipare  of 
the  signet  in  writting  missive  or  utheris  letres  quhatsumevir  his  majestie  commandis 
his  lordschip  to  be  writtin  that  the  disobeyaris  be  suspendit  ay  and  quhill  thai 
pay  a  mandat  for  thair  disobedience. 

"  3.  The  quhilk  day  the  commissioneris  foirsaidis  statutes,  declairis,  decemis,  and 
ordinis  that  gif  it  salhappin  ony  ordinare  writtare  to  the  signet  present  or  to  cum 
to  be  convict  judiciallie  in  ony  jugement  for  falsett  (albeit  thai  sal  happin  to  be 
absolvit  be  the  juge  fra  the  pane),  that  nevirtheles  thai  salbe  deprivit  simpliciter  of 
all  writting  to  the  signet  in  tyme  cuming  during  thair  liftymes. 

"  4.  The  quhilk  day  the  commissioneris  foirsaidis  statutes,  decemis,  and  ordinis, 
that  in  cais  ony  ordinare  writter  to  the  signet  salbe  fund  to  reveill  ony  secretis  of 
his  clientis  to  the  adversare  pairties,  or  to  ony  uthir  persoun  or  persones,  that  the 
writtare  reveilare  thairof  salbe  simpliciter  depryvit  fra  his  office  and  writting  to 
the  signet. 

"  5.  The  quhilk  day  the  commissioneris  foirsaidis  statutes,  decemis,  and  ordinis, 
that  nane  of  the  ordinare  writtares  to  the  signet  present  or  to  cum  writt  lettres 
upoun  ony  warrandis  writtin  ather  be  ony  uthir  writtare,  advocatis,  thair  servandis 
or  utheris  quhatsumevir,  or  preceptis  upoun  signatures,  except  the  said  warrand  or 
signature  be  writtin  be  thameselfis  or  thair  awin  servandis^in  thair  awin  buith, 
except  it  be  to  supplie  his  brotheris  lauchfull  absence  or  seiknes  testifeit  to  the 
subscryrare  or  keipare  of  the  signet,  under  the  pane  of  deprivatioun,  at  the  leist 
suspensioun,  or  paj^ment  of  ane  pecuniall  sum  at  the  discretioun  of  the  saidis 
commissioneris. 

"  6.  The  quhilk  day  the  commissioneris  foirsaidis  statutis  and  ordinis  that  na 
person  or  persones  salbe  heirefter  admittit  ordinare  writteris  to  the  signet  except 
in  the  conventioun  of  the  ordinare  persones  appoyntit  thairto  be  the  said  com- 
missioneris, quha  being  convenit,  sail  subscryve  the  admissioun  of  the  persoun  or 
persones  suitand  the  samyn  gif  thai  think  it  necessare  to  be  done,  eftir  dew  examina- 
tioun  and  tryall,  quhilk  sail  alwyis  preceid  in  publict  conventioun  befoir  ony 
admissioun.  And  gif  ony  of  thair  brethrene  sail  heirefter  subscryve  admissionis  in 
favour  of  ony  persoun  or  persones,  except  in  publict  conventioun  eftir  the  said 
examinatioun  and  tryall  as  said  is,  the  subscriptioun  salbe  null,  and  the  subscryver 
salbe  depryvit  of  his  office. 

"  7.  The  quhilk  day  the  commissioneris  foirsaidis  statutes  and  ordinis,  that  the  haill 
ordinare  writteris  appoyntit  be  the  foirsaid  commissioun,  at  the  leist  nyne  of  thame 
Avith  the  said  Mr.  Johne  Layng,  sail  ilk  yeir  twa  severall  tymes  convene,  viz.  :  in 
the  monethis  of  Apryill  and  August,  and  ofter  as  thai  salbe  warnit  be  the  ordinare 
officiare,  and  tak  cognitioun  and  ordour  with  all  complaintes  to  be  presentit  befoir 
thame.  As  alsua  that  the  haill  ordinare  brethrene  writteris  to  the  signet,  sail  convene 
at  all  sic  tymes  and  occasiones  as  thai  salbe  warnit  be  the  said  officiare,  undir  the 
pane  of  fourtie  schillingis  to  be  uptakin  fra  ilk  persoun  disobeyand,  being  lauchfullie 
wairnit  thairto,  personallie  apprehendit,  and  to  be  suspendit  fra  all  writting  quhill 
the  payment  of  the  foirsaid  pane,  quhilk  the  saidis  commissioneris  ordinis  to  be 
convertit  ad  pios  usus. 

"  8.  The  quhilk  day  the  commissioneris  foirsaidis  statutis  and    ordinis  that  na 


1594]  ABSTRACT   OF  MINUTES  231 

persones  alredie  admittit,  or  in  ony  tyme  heirefter  salhappin  to  be  admittit  ordinare 
writteris  to  the  signet,  salbe  procuratouris,  ageatis  nor  ordinare  servandis  to  the  lordis 
of  Sessioun  or  men  of  law,  or  exerce  ony  uthir  particularo  office  in  liurt  and  prejudice 
of  the  rest  of  the  brethrene  and  generall  office,  bot  that  the  saidis  writteris  and  ilkane 
of  thame  salbe  friemen,  keip  oppin  buithis,  speciallie  await  and  attend  upoun  tliair 
buithis  and  vocatioun,  and  nawyis  be  subject  to  ony  uthir  particulare  service  or 
servitude  of  ony  persones,  undir  the  pane  of  deprivatioun ;  and  ordinis  this  act  to  be 
extendit  aganis  all  writteris  els  admittit  and  to  be  admittit,  and  all  persones  alredie 
admittit  and  utheris  seikand  admissioun  and  obtenand  the  samyn  to  be  suspendit  fra 
all  writing,  and  the  keipare  of  the  signet  dischargit  of  affixing  of  the  samyn  to  lettres 
or  precejjtis  to  be  subscryvit  be  thame,  quhill  thai  keip  oppin  buithis  for  service  of 
oure  soverane  lordis  leiges. 

"  9.  The  quhilk  day  the  commissioneris  foirsaidis  concludis,  statutes,  and  ordinis 
that  heireftir  na  pei'soun  salbe  admittit  to  the  signet  nor  use  the  office  thairof  bot  be 
deceis  of  ane  of  the  brethrene  ordinare  writtare  to  the  signet,  and  than  to  ressave  the 
sone,  servaud  or  prenteis  of  the  persoun  deceissit,  he  being  fund  sufficientlie  qualifeit, 
and  failzeing  of  him  the  eldest  and  best  qualifeit  servand  or  j)renteis  quha  hes  servit 
in  the  said  office  for  the  space  of  sevin  yeiris,  at  the  leist  fyve  yeiris  aa  prenteis  and 
twa  yeiris  as  servand,  and  that  he  verifie  the  samyn  be  his  indentour  and  discharge 
of  his  maister  of  his  faithfull  service. 

"  10.  The  quhilk  day  the  saidis  commissioneris  decernis  and  statutes  thatna  writ- 
tare  now  to  the  signet,  nor  that  beis  writtare  admittit  to  the  samyn  heireftir,  sail  direct- 
lie  or  indirectlie,  be  ony  meane,  colour  or  devyis,  seik,  purches  or  procure  in  his  persoun 
or  favour  the  erectioun  of  ony  new  particulare  office,  in  detriment,  prejudice  or  hurt 
[of  the  commojditie  of  the  rest  of  the  brethrene  in  the  generall,  and  commoun  .  .  . 
signet  or  onywyis  appropriat  in  particulare  to  him  selif  ony  ...  of  the  same  generall 
office  undir  the  pane  of  deprivatioun,  save  [and  the  commojditie  alwyis  of  the  ordinare 
officiaris. 

"11.  The  quhilk  day  the  saidis  commissioneris  statutes  and  ordinis  that  it  sail 
nocht  be  lesum  to  ony  ordinare  writtare  to  the  signet  to  writt  ony  writtis,  lettres  or 
evidentis,  to  ony  pairtie  or  client  quha  restis  unpait  ony  soumes  of  money  or  dettis 
for  writtis  writtin  to  thame  of  befoir  be  ony  uthir  ordinare  writter,  being  lauchfuUie 
adverteist  be  the  said  writter  of  the  said  dett,  undir  the  pane  of  payment  to  his 
brothir  of  the  dett  awand  be  the  said  pairtie  to  him,  and  that  he  be  suspendit  fra 
writting  to  the  signet  quhill  the  said  det  be  pait. 

"  12.  The  quhilk  day  the  commissioneris  foirsaidis  statutis  and  ordinis  that  na 
persoun,  servand  or  prenteis,  salbe  ressavit  and  admittit  in  the  place  of  ony  ordiner 
writter  deceissit  quha  bruikit  ane  particulare  office,  except  the  persoun  suitand  to 
be  admittit  be  iirst  ressavit  and  admittit  to  the  particulare  office  possest  of  befoir 
be  the  person  be  qubais  deceis  he  claimes  to  be  admittit  to  the  signet. 

"  13.  The  quhilk  day  the  commissioneris  foirsaidis  calling  to  mynd  the  treuth 
and  honestie  of  thair  predicessouris  ordinare  writteris  to  the  signet,  quhilk  proceidit 
upoun  thair  few  nummer,  and  now  be  the  admissioun  of  ane  multitude  thair  is 
drawin  upoun  the  maist  pairt  of  thame  povirtie,  and  be  the  said  povertie  ar  the 
reddier  to  be  inducit  to  committ  falsettis ;  thairfoir  the  saidis  commis- 
sioneris statutis  and  ordinis,  that  thair  sail  be  na  persoun  nor  persones  admittit 
ordiner  writter  to  the  signet  in  ony  tyme  cuming,  nor  ressavit  in  the  place  of 
ony  deceissand,  unto  the  tyme  the  haill  nummer  of  the  saidis  ordiner  writteris  be 


THE   SOCIETY   OF  WEITEES   TO   THE  SIGNET        [1594 

redactit  to  the  nummer  of  twentie  foure  persones,  and  that  in  na  tyme  cuming  the 
saidis  ordinare  writteris  to  the  signet  sail  evir  thaireftir  exceid  the  nummer  of 
twentie  foure  ;  provyding  alwyis  that  undir  this  act  sail  nawyis  be  comprehendit  the 
ordiner  clerkis  befoir  the  sessioun,  secretare,  depute  keipare  of  the  signet,  clerkis  to 
the  justiciarie,  and  clerk  depute  of  the  secreit  counsale. 

"14.  The  quhilk  day  the  commissioneris  foirsaidis  remembering  the  grite  unitie  and 
gude  concord  standing  amangis  the  haill  brethrene,  ordinare  writteris  to  the  signet 
(praisit  be  God),  and  willing  the  samyn  to  incres  and  contiuew,  thairfoir  statutes  and 
ordinis  that  gif  ony  of  the  brethrene  being  persewit  or  [ac]cusit  of  ane  uthir  brother 
for  contravenyng  of  the  actis  abonewrittin  or  .  .  .  thairof,  salhappin  to  minas  or 
injure  utheris  be  worde,  deid  .  .  .  that  the  pairtie  minasser  or  injurare  of  the  uthir 
quhither  perseware  or  defendare  (the  samen  injurie  being  tryit)  salbe  for  the  first 
fault  suspendit  fra  all  using  of  his  office,  ay  and  quhill  he  have  satisfeit  the  pairtie 
offendit  and  forder  induring  the  saidis  commissioneris  willis,  and  for  the  secund  fait 
salbe  simpliciter  depryvit  of  his  office  in  all  tyme  cuming,  but  ony  favoure  or  restitu- 
tioun  to  be  grantit  to  him  thairof." 

These  statutes  are  subscribed  by  the  commissioners,  and  also  by  J.  Hay,  D. 
Hay,  W.  Wylie,  Eobert  Gairdnar,  Thomas  M'CawIay,  John  Buchannane,  A.  Millar, 
John  M'Gill,  A.  Schoir,  James  Kay,  Eobert  Stewart,  Mr.  John  Paip,  A.  Hamiltoun. 


159    . 

19th  DAY  OF  .     Mr.  John  Layng,  keeper  of  the  signet,  produced  and 

presented  a  letter  from  the  secretary,  Sir  Eichard  Cokburne,  requesting  the  writers 
to  admit  the  bearer,  David  Flescheour,  servitor  to  the  clerk  of  register,  to  be  an 
ordinary  writer  to  the  signet,  conform  to  his  lordship's  presentation  given  to  him, 
and  to  dispense  with  such  acts  as  might  be  opposed  against  him. 


15  95. 

14th  November.  The  Lord  Secretary  promises  that  he  shall  nowise  admit  any 
person  to  the  signet  until  the  whole  number  be  reduced  to  twenty-four  only. 

On  the  same  day,  the  secretary  and  the  commissioners  being  convened,  Eobert 
Gairdner,  writer,  is  accused  of  contravening  the  act  forbidding  the  writing  of  letters 
upon  warrants ;  and  having  confessed  the  fault,  he  is  suspended  from  writing  to  the 
signet  until  the  20th  of  January  next,  and  further  during  their  will,  that  in  the 
meantime  they  may  take  further  order  with  him  :  and  Mr.  John  Layng  is  discharged 
from  affixing  the  signet  to  any  summons  or  precept  subscribed  by  the  said  Eobert 
in  the  meantime. 

4th  Decebiber.  The  commissioners,  including  Mr.  John  Hay  and  Mr.  James 
Bannatyne,  having  considered  the  supplication  of  Eobert  Gairdner,  requiring  them 
"  maist  humlie "  to  dispense  with  the  suspension  enacted  against  him,  and  "  being 
movit  with  petye,"  have  ex  gratia  dispensed  therewith,  on  his  promise  never  to 
offend  again,  under  pain  of  deprivation.  He  enacts  himself  to  that  effect,  and  puts 
his  signature. 


1598]  ABSTRACT   OF  MINUTES  233 

159  6. 

■4th  June.  Lord  Menmure,  secretary  to  the  Kiug,  ratifies  the  aforesaid  com- 
mission and  whole  acts  made  by  the  commissioners  thereupon,  promising  "  to  hald 
hand  "  to  the  observing  thereof.     His  signature  is  appended. 

On  the  same  day  the  Secretary  and  Commissioners  ordain  that  "gif  ony  ordiner 
writter  to  the  signet,  or  thair  servandis,  writ  our  agane  in  new  forme,  or  utherwyse 
in  ony  uther  forme,  in  ony  tyme  coming,  ony  evidentis,  writtis,  bandis,  signatouris, 
preceptis,  billis  or  letteris,  quhilkis  salhappin  to  be  originally  formed  be  ane  uther 
ordiner  writer  of  befoir,  and  sail  not  send  the  same  bak  agane  to  the  first  former 
thairof  to  be  writtin  be  tham,  except  thai  be  deid  or  seik  or  depryved,  the  con- 
travener  salbe  simpliciter  depryved  but  favour." 

23d  July.  The  Lord  Secretary  being  personally  present  with  the  "  brether,"  of 
new  ratifies  the  acts  of  the  commissioners,  and  ordains  them  to  meet  in  August  next 
for  taking  trial  of  abuses. 

Adam  Cowper,  writer,  is  appointed  procurator  fiscal  for  the  year. 

19th  November.  The  commissioners,  to  the  number  of  twelve,  being  convened 
in  the  New  Kirk,  Robert  Gairdner  is  accused  of  "subscryving  of  ane  warrand  quhilk 
had  bene  writtin  in  the  buith  of  David  Flescheour  and  by  his  servand,  and  for  the 
writting  of  ane  lettre  thairupone  and  subscryving  the  samen."  Which  offence  having 
been  confessed  by  the  accused,  the  commissioners,  "  movit  alwyse  of  petie,  gaif  to 
him  ane  admonitioun  "  to  abstain  from  such  offences  in  time  to  come  under  pain  of 
being  simpliciter  deprived  for  life. 

On  the  same  day  Adam  Lawtie,  clerk  to  the  commissioners,  is  ordained  to  give 
up  again,  to  the  writers  who  had  produced  their  admissions  formerly,  their  presenta- 
tions and  admissions,  to  be  kept  by  them  until  they  should  again  be  required  to 
exhibit  them. 

Thus  far  the  minutes  are  subscribed  on  each  sederunt  by  the  clerk,  A.  Lawtie. 

Receipt  of  their  presentations  and  admissions  is  acknowledged  by  A.  Couper, 
Thomas  M'Awlay,  and  James  Borthuik,  who  append  their  subscriptions. 


15  98. 

6th  May.  The  commissioners  being  convened  anent  the  supplication  of  John 
Gilmure  for  his  admission  as  an  ordinary  writer  to  the  signet,  Walter  Henrysoun, 
John  Wardlaw,  and  Thomas  Hervie  are  appointed  to  pass  to  the  secretary  to  inform 
him  of  their  acts,  and  confer  with  him  thereanent. 

The  ordinary  writers  to  the  signet  being  convened  "  anent  the  taking  of  ordour 
with  the  admission  of  ordinare  wryteris  to  the  signet,  for  avoyding  of  the  great  hurt 
and  skaith  that  redoundis  to  the  wryteris  in  generall  by  the  extraordinare  ad- 
missioun  of  sindrie  personis  wryteris  to  the  signet  without  tryall  or  examinatiouu 
takin  quhidder  thai  be  qualifeit  and  meit  to  exerceis  the  office  of  ane  wryter  to  the 
signet ;  and  understanding  that  thair  hes  bene  sindrie  admittit  quha  be  thame 
selffis  can  do  littel  bot  be  the  onlie  help  of  sindrie  auld  servandis,  thairfore,  to  the 
effect  that  auld  servandis  suld  not  culloure  the  ignorance  of  sic  personis,  it  is  statute 


234         THE   SOCIETY   OF  WEITERS   TO   THE  SIGNET         [1598 

and  ordanit,  that  all  sic  personis  sail  remove  and  put  away  fra  thame  all  auld  servandis, 
and  tak  prenteissis  for  the  space  of  thre  yeiris  nixt  efter  thair  admissioun  to  the 
signet,  and  this  act  to  be  extendit  ad  preterita  alsweil  as  ad  futura." 

16th  August.  The  secretary  Lord  Eglischame  ratifies  the  acts,  and  promises 
"  to  hald  hand  "  to  the  observing  thereof.     He  subscribes  the  minute. 

15  9  8-9. 

•  25tli  January.  Mr.  John  Layng,  "secretare  depute,"  made  declaration  in  name 
of  the  Secretary  that  his  lordship  "  wald  have  the  actis  of  the  bretherene  observit 
and  keipit  in  all  pointis,"  etc. 

21st  February.  Mr.  John  Layng,  "secretare  depute,"  with  the  ordinary 
brethren  contained  in  commission,  being  convened  for  receiving  the  report  of  James 
Borthuik  and  George  Mak,  two  of  their  number,  anent  the  qualification  and  ability 
of  Mr.  Eichard  Kene,  son  of  the  deceased  Mr.  John  Kene,  writer,  the  report  of 
his  examination  being  favourable,  the  said  Mr.  Richard  Kene  is  admitted  "  as  ane  of 
their  ordinare  nowmer  in  the  place  of  the  said  umquhile  Mr.  John  Kene  his  father." 

Hary  Bickartoun  is  elected  procurator  fiscal  for  the  year. 

159  9. 

24th  July.  Mr.  John  Layng,  "  secretare  depute,"  with  the  ordinary  commis- 
sioners, being  convened  anent  the  admission  of  Mr.  James  Harlaw,  son  of  the  deceased 
James  Harlaw,  one  of  the  ordinary  writers  to  the  signet — the  said  Mr.  James  desiring 
to  be  admitted  in  his  father's  place  "  conforme  to  the  act  maid  anent  admission  of 
wryters  to  the  signet,  and  the  same  act,  to  witt  the  ellevint  act  contenit  in  the 
bulk,  being  red  in  thair  presence  and  considerit,  and  question  being  movit  thair- 
anent "  whether  the  act  should  be  extended  ad  preterita  as  ad  futura,  the  majority 
voted  against  extending  the  act  ad  preterita. 

28th  July.  "  The  quhilk  day  the  ordiner  wryteris  being  convenit  in  the  laich 
tolbuith,  and  it  being  put  to  vote  quhidder  gif  or  nocht  the  bretherene  wald  grant 
to  ane  incorporatioun  with  the  advocates  or  not,  the  maist  pairt  voteit  to  the  said 
incorporatioun." 

4th  August.  Mr.  John  Layng,  secretary  depute,  made  intimation  to  the 
brethren  of  the  act  and  ordinance  of  the  Lords  of  Session  of  date  27th  July  1599 
against  granting  suspension  upon  "  liquidate  sowmes,"  the  said  act  being  read,  and 
engrossed  in  the  minutes. 

16  0  4. 

27th  March.  Mr.  John  Layng,  "  secreter  deput,"  convened  the  ordinary  writers 
to  the  signet  according  to  the  secretary's  direction  by  his  missive  letter  from 
Whitehall  dated  18th  March  1604,  bearing  these  words,  "I  think  meit,  seing  I  heir 


i6o6]  ABSTEACT   OF  MINUTES  235 

of  many  abuseis  amangis  the  wryteris  to  the  signet,  and  that  the  maist  pairt  of 
thame  that  was  in  commissioun  with  yow  ar  depairted,  that  ye  convene  thame  all 
and  elect  to  your  self  some  of  the  honestest  and  gravest  amangis  thame  to  have 
commissioun  for  trying  thair  proceiding  and  censuring  of  thame,  according  to  your 
awin  actis,  and  quhatever  ye  do  in  that  behalf  I  sail  ratofie  and  allow  of  it." 

The  brethren,  after  the  reading  of  the  commission  given  by  his  lordship's  prede- 
cessors, finding  a  sufficient  number  of  the  commissioners  thei-ein  named  still  "  onlyve, 
thay  war  all  content  with  the  saidis  auld  coramissioneris." 

G-eorge  Mak  is  elected  procurator  fiscal  in  all  matters  concerning  the  brethren, 
and  gives  his  oath  for  due  administration ;  and  all  complaints  are  ordained  to  be 
given  in  and  heard  on  the  12  th  of  April  next. 

1606. 

17th  January.  Mr.  John  Layng,  secretary  depute,  and  keeper  of  the  signet, 
with  the  brethren,  being  convened  in  the  "  laiche  tolbuith  of  Edinburgh,"  conform 
to  the  lord  secretary's  direction,  ordained  that  all  bills  and  supplications  to  be  given 
by  the  writers  before  the  Lords  of  Council  and  Session  should  be  subscribed  by 
themselves  "and  nawayis  be  thair  servandis"  during  the  session,  under  pain  of 
deprivation. 

Also  that  no  writer  to  the  signet  nor  their  servants  during  the  session  take  in 
hand  to  present  bills  to  the  lords  to  be  subscribed,  nor  to  deliver  the  same  upon  the 
backs,  nor  to  present  them  to  the  ordinary  clerk,  under  pain  of  deprivation. 

It  is  also  ordained  that  no  ordinary  writers  to  the  signet  "  be  onnawayis  agentis 
in  passing  of  ony  infeftmentis  throw  the  seallis,  or  be  ony  other  maner  of  way 
agentis,  bot  attend  upon  thair  oflSce  and  calling  as  ordinar  wryteris  to  the  signet 
under  the  pane  forsaid." 

Also  that  all  writers  to  the  signet  shall  deliver  to  the  said  Mr.  John  Layng  "ane 
copie  of  thair  servandis  and  prenteisis  handwrittis  that  ho  may  knaw  thame,"  under 
pain  of  ten  shillings. 

Also  that  "eaverie  brother  ordinar  wry  tar  to  the  signet  sal  gif  yeirlie  to  John 
M'Gill  thair  officer  for  his  pains  and  trawillis  the  soume  of  vj'  8"^  at  the  leist,  under 
pane  of  x*." 

17th  January.  The  "bretherene  wryttaris  to  the  signet"  being  convened, 
ordained  the  following  persons  admitted  to  be  writers  by  the  lord  secretary,  to 
subscribe  the  acts  "  made  in  this  present  buke,"  and  to  ratify  the  same  by  their 
subscriptions.  The  subscribers  are  "Eo*  Lauder,  David  Wylie,  E.  Lawsoun, 
James  Kynneir,  Eobert  Alschinder,  J.  Heart,  J.  Andersone,  Johne  Ainslie, 
Ja.  Wynrame,  A.  Straton,  Maister  Eichard  Kene,  Jo.  Young,  G.  Muirheid,  Samuell 
Birs,  W™  Swane,  James  Scott,  Jhone  Kyncaid,  Mr.  Ja.  Harlaw,  A  Dunlop,  J.  Small, 
but  hurt  of  my  admission,  T.  Kellie,  J.  Balfour,  E.  Kirkwod,  G.  Thomesone,  Eobert 
Newlandie,  Eobert  Fortoun." 

1 5  th  March.  "  The  quhilk  day  Mr,  Johne  Laynge,  secreter  deput,  and  the  rest  of 
the  ordinar  wrytaris  to  the  signet  being  convenit  in  the  heiche  tolbuith  of  Edinburgh, 
the  said  Mr.  Johne  presentit  befoir  thame  my  lord  secreteris  warrand  in  maner  and  to 
the  efifect  underwrittin,  quhairof  the  tennour  foUowis  : — Maister  Johne  Layng,  ye  sail 


236        THE   SOCIETY   OF  WEITERS  TO   THE  SIGNET        [1606 

imediatlie  efter  the  sicht  heirof  convene  the  haill  ordinar  writteris  to  his  Majesteis 
signet,  and  certifie  thame  gif  thai  or  thair  servandis  wrytis  the  delyverancos  upoun 
ony  billis  to  bo  grantit  be  the  Lordis,  they  salbe  simpliciter  suspendit  fra  all  wryting 
to  his  hienes  signet,  and  depryvit  of  thair  oflBces ;  commanding  also  the  saidis  clerkis 
to  gif  in  thair  billis  to  be  delyverit  be  the  Lordis  in  this  vacance  approcheand 
oulklie  upoun  the  Tyisday,  Thurisday,  and  Settirday,  onlie,  under  the  pane  forsaid. 
Subscryvit  with  oure  hand  at  Edinburgh  the  xiiij  of  Merche  1606.  Sic  subscribitur 
Balmerinoche,  secretarij.  Cei'tifie  the  haill  nomber  that  gif  the  ordinance  be  contravenit, 
the  rigour  salbe  execut  aganes  thame  without  mercy.  Quhilk  was  oppinlie  red  and 
intimat  to  the  said  brithrene  that  nane  sould  pretend  ignorance  thairof." 

On  the  same  day  the  brethren,  considering  that  there  are  certain  writers  to  the 
signet  "  quha  keipis  nocht  opin  buithis  for  serving  of  oure  soverane  lordis  leidgeis 
conforme  to  thair  admissioun,  actis  and  statutes  maid  thairanent,  bot  usis  thame 
selffis  as  agentis,  unseamelie  to  ordinar  wrytaris  :  as  alsua  that  thair  is  utheris  of  the 
saidis  ordinar  wrytaris  quha  hes  divers  persones  in  thair  buithis  and  chalmeris  quha 
ar  nocht  thair  ordinar  servandis,  and  wryteis  all  maner  of  writtis  according  to  thair 
knawledge  as  gif  thai  war  ordinar  wryteris,  to  the  grit  abuise  of  the  ordinar  wryteris 
and  alsua  of  our  soverane  lordis  leidges,  taking  thame  to  be  the  persones  thay  ar  nocht : 
for  remeid  quhairof "  it  is  ordained  that  George  Mak,  procurator  fiscal,  should  try 
which  of  the  brethren  were  culpable  in  these  and  other  respects. 

28th  November.  Mr.  John  Layng,  keeper  of  the  signet,  and  divers  of  the 
commissioners  being  convened  in  the  "  hich  tolbuith,"  remit  to  John  Eistoun  and 
Thomas  M'AwIay,  two  of  their  number,  to  try  the  qualifications  of  Thomas  Grammy 
or  Crombey,  presented  by  the  secretary  for  admission. 

3d  December.  The  said  examinators  report  "  that  the  said  Thomas  wes  in 
sum  reasonabill  maner  qualifeit  to  the  oflSce." 


16  07. 

16th  March.  Hary  Wilsoun  being  charged  with  contravening  the  act  anent 
"new  maisteris  admittit  that  sould  nocht  ressave  auld  servandis  for  cuUoring  of 
thair  ignorance,"  confessed  that  he  had  received  Thomas  Egzer,  but  obliged  himself 
"  to  remove  him  furth  of  his  company  and  service  at  Whitsunday  nixtocum  under 
the  pane  of  deprivation." 

16th  .     Robert  Stewart,  Archibald  Miller,  John  M'Gyll,  and  Robert 

Newlands,  being  found  guilty  of  contravening  the  act  forbidding  writers  to  subscribe 
letters  on  bills,  precepts  or  warrants,  not  written  by  themselves  or  their  own  servants, 
are  suspended  from  further  writing  to  the  signet  until  the  lord  secretary  take  order 
with  them. 

Intimation  is  ordered  to  be  made  to  Daniel  Hay  and  Robert  Rawson,  James 
Winrem  and  Robert  Fortoun,  to  "  seperate  thame  selffis,  and  ather  of  thame  to  hald 
oppin  buithes  betuix  and  Witsonday "  under  pain  of  deprivation.  The  intimation 
to  be  made  by  George  Mak  and  John  M'Gill  within  twenty-four  hours. 


i6o7]  ABSTEACT   OF  MINUTES  237 

25th  March.  Robert  Newlands,  who  was  suspended  at  the  preceding  sederant, 
compeared  before  Mr.  John  Layng,  keeper  of  the  signet,  and  confessed  the  fault 
alleged  against  him,  and  "  of  new  actit "  himself  not  to  offend  in  that  respect  in  time 
to  come,  under  pain  of  deprivation.     His  subscription  is  appended.  > ,. 

At  Holyrood  House,  4th  April.  In  presence  of  James  Lord  Balmerinoch, 
President  of  the  College  of  Justice,  and  secretary  to  the  king,  the  brethren,  ordinary 
writers  to  the  signet,  as  well  commissioners  as  others,  being  convened,  do  ratify 
and  approve  the  acts  formerly  made  by  the  conunissioners,  and  add  their  subscrip- 
tion, viz.  : — Jo.  Layng,  Mr.  Patrik  Bannatyne,  R.  Cas,  Adame  Lawtie,  J.  Eistoun, 
T.  Young,  Robert  Stewart,  G.  Mak,  T.  Kellie,  W.  Henrysone,  J.  Andersone, 
J.  Buchanane,  D.  Flescher,  A.  Straton,  Mr.  John  Paip,  J.  Gilmour,  Thomas  M'Awlay, 
Mr.  Ja.  Harlaw,  Maister  Richard  Kene,  Walter  Dick,  J.  Balfour,  A,  Dunlop, 
R.  Kirkwod,  A.  Schoir,  A.  Hamiltoun,  J.  Speir,  T.  Small,  Ro.  Lauder,  Robert 
Gairdnar,  Antone  Quhyte,  Jo.  Ainslie,  Samuell  Birs,  Ja.  Wynrame,  Harie  Wilsoun, 
Jo.  Young,  David  Wylie,  J.  Heart,  G.  Thomesone,  Wm.  Swane,  D.  Muirheid,  Rot. 
Alschinder,  J.  Makgill,  T.  Crombie,  Jhone  Kyncaid,  Robert  Fortoun,  David  Moysie. 

5th  June.  Mr.  John  Layng,  keeper  of  his  majesty's  signet,  and  the  remanent 
brethren  being  fully  convened,  and  considering  the  secretary's  wan-ant  for  electing 
"  sum  of  the  eldest  and  maist  discrete  of  the  said  brethrene  "  as  commissioners,  the 
following  are  elected,  viz. : — Mr.  John  Layng,  Mr.  William  Scott,  Adam  Lawtie, 
Adam  Couper,  Mr.  Patrick  Bannatyne,  Walter  Henrysone,  Richard  Cas,  Thomas 
Young,  George  Mak,  John  Eistoun,  Thomas  M'Cawlay,  Arthour  Stratoun,  James 
Kynneir,  John  Buchanane,  and  any  nine,  seven  or  five  of  them  (Mr.  John  Layng 
being  always  one)  to  convene  for  the  trial  of  abuses,  etc. 

25th  June.     John  M'Gill  is  suspended  for  contravening  the  act  anent  subscrib- 
ing of  letters  and  bills  not  written  by  himself  or  his  servants  in  "  his  awin  buith." 
Robert  Stewart  is  suspended  for  the  same  fault. 

30th  June.  Archibald  Miller  being  called  before  the  commissioners  for  not 
keeping  open  buith,  and  subscribing  letters  not  written  by  his  own  servants,  declares 
that  he  shall  keep  open  buith,  and  nowise  keep  Robert  Maxwell  for  his  servitor, 
nor  any  other  servitor,  until  he  keep  open  buith,  under  pain  of  deprivation. 

David  Flescheour,  accused  of  the  same  faults,  declares  that  he  will  keep  no 
person  in  his  buith  except  his  "  awin  actuall  servandis,"  and  shall  not  keep  John 
Cunynghame,  who  is  not  his  servant,  under  the  aforesaid  pain. 

David  Wylie  is  suspendit,  during  the  secretary's  will,  for  the  same  faults. 

Robert  Rawsoun  is  suspended  in  like  manner  for  the  same  cause. 

William  Speir  and  RoJbert  Gairdner,  by  their  o^vn  consent  "  become  actit "  to 
keep  no  person  in  their  buiths  "bot  their  awin  actuall  servandis,"  and  to  keep 
open  buith. 

7th  July.  James  Justice  becomes  bound  that  neither  he  nor  any  of  his  servants, 
nor  any  other  persons  by  his  licence,  should  write  within  his  buith  any  bills  to  be 
delivered  by  the  lords,  letters  thereupon,  signatures,  or  precepts  upon  signatures, 
or  any   writs  con«eming  the   signet,  under  pain  of  deprivation  of  his  oflSce  of 

2  H 


THE   SOCIETY   OF  WEITEES   TO   THE   SIGNET        [1607 

notary,  simpliciter,  and  from  further  keeping  of  an  open  buith.     His  subscription  is 

added. 

Compeared  also  Mathew  Cuming  and  "actit"  himself  to  the  same  effect, 
adding  his  subscription. 

Compeared  Robert  Rawsoun  and  acknowledged  that  he  offended  "the  brethir 
in  his  undiscrete  speches,"  craving  pardon  therefor,  and  declaring  that  he  should 
keep  the  acts :  and  the  lord  secretary  having  given  his  declaration  to  Mr.  John 
Layng  that  the  said  Robert  should  be  reponed,  he  is  reponed  accordingly. 

Compeared  Alexander  Pyet  and  "  become  actit  in  maner  and  to  the  effect  foir- 
said  under  pane  of  deprivatioun  of  his  office  of  notarie."     His  subscription  follows. 

24th  July.  Hary  Wilsoun  is  called  before  the  commissioners  "for  contravening 
of  the  actis  maid  that  na  new  admittit  writteris  suld  ressave  auld  servandis  to  serve 
thame  for  cuUoring  of  thair  ignorance,  in  ressaving  of  Thomas  Stevin  for  his  servand 
quha  is  ane  auld  servand."  The  said  Hary  having  confessed  the  fault,  is  suspended 
during  the  lord  secretary's  will. 

John  Young,  servitor  to  John  Young,  is  found  "  to  have  injurit  Johnne  M'Gill 
with  injurious  wordis,"  and  therefore  his  master  is  ordained  to  cause  him  "  satisfie  " 
the  said  John  M'Gill  for  the  injury,  at  the  direction  of  the  commissioners,  or  else  to 
remove  the  said  John  Young  from  his  service :  the  said  John  Young,  writer,  to  be 
warned  to  this  effect  against  "  Tysday  nixt." 

28th  July.  David  Flescheour  being  charged  with  "keping  personis  in  his  buith 
quha  ar  not  his  actuall  servandis,  at  the  leist,  with  quhom  he  transactis  for  a  pairt 
of  his  awin  dewitie,  contrare  to  the  actis  ; "  the  said  David  having  denied  the  charge, 
the  trial  of  the  matter  is  remitted  to  George  Mak,  the  procurator  fiscal. 

"  The  said  day  the  brethereue  ordanit  George  ...  to  the  haill  writteris  buithis 
and  thair  to  tak  ...  of  all  servandis  in  thair  buithis  and  to  produce  thair  hand- 
writtis  under  the  subscriptioun  of  thair  maisteris." 

"  The  said  day  the  bretherene  ordanit  that  Johnne  Young,  wryter,  suld  caus 
Johnne  Young,  his  servitour,  acknawlege  his  offence  and  injurie  done  be  him  to 
Johnne  M'Gill,  conforme  to  his  complaint  verifeit  and  provin ;  and  to  that  effect  to 
sett  doun  upoun  his  kneis  in  presens  of  the  bretherene  and  crave  pardoun  thairfore ; 
or  than  that  the  said  Johne  Young  suld  remove  his  servand  furth  of  his  service,  or 
ellis  the  bretherene  declairit  thai  wald  suspend  the  said  Johnne  Young  him  selff  fra 
wryting  to  the  signet,  and  ordanis  this  act  to  have  effect  betuix  and  this  day  aucht 
dayes,  with  the  consent  of  the  said  Johnne  Young." 


16  08. 

20th  January.  Patrick  Small,  writer,  alleged  to  be  at  the  horn,  compeared 
and  denied  "  that  he  wes  onywyis  at  the  home  according  to  his  knawlege ; "  and 
because  there  was  no  horning  produced,  the  brethren  were  satisfied  with  the  denial, 
until  further  probation. 

James  Scot,  writer,  convened  for  the  same  cause,  granted  that  "  he  wes  only 
rebell  at  the  instance  of  Mr.  Johnne  Dempster,  and  thairfore  desyrit  sum  tyme  of 
continuatioun  to  do  for  his  releif."     The  matter  is  superceded  for  eight  days. 


i609]  ABSTEACT   OF  MINUTES  239 

27th  January.  Robert  Stewart,  John  Ainslie,  Robert  Newlands,  David  Hart, 
James  Scot,  Mr.  Richard  Kene,  Avriters,  being  called  before  the  commissioners  that 
order  might  be  taken  with  them  anent  their  being  at  the  horn,  and  having,  after 
lawful  warning,  failed  to  compear,  they  are  suspended  until  they  produce  lawful 
relaxation;  and  Adam  Couper  is  ordained  not  to  pass  their  bills,  and  no  other 
writer  to  subscribe  their  letters. 

Hary  Wilsoun,  being  called  for  keeping  Mathow  Cwming  and  Mr.  William 
Yule  as  his  servants,  "  and  that  in  ane  uther  buith  nor  quhair  he  writis  himselff," 
compears  and  denies  the  charge,  and  "  declairis  that  gif  he  subscryve  ony  lettres 
writtin  be  ony  uther  persoun  nor  Williame  Borthuik  his  servand  and  him  selff 
without  he  mak  intimatioun  of  his  new  servand  to  Mr.  Johnne  Layng,  that  he  is 
content  to  be  simpliciter  depryvit."  The  said  Hary  being  "  delaitit  "  that  he  kept 
no  open  buith  "  bot  held  his  chalmer  with  an  advocat,"  and  the  fact  being  found  so, 
he  obliges  himself  "  betuix  and  witsonday  nixt  to  procure  ane  oppin  buith  for  him- 
selff, under  the  pane  of  deprivatioun." 

1st  February.  The  commissioners,  with  consent  of  the  parties,  ordain  Richard 
Oas  and  Arthur  Straytoun  "  to  visite  the  wryting  buithis  of  Johnne  GUmuir, 
Johnne  Thomesoun,  Robert  Lawder,  Robert  Rawsoun,  to  sie  gif  thai  keip  thair 
buithis  with  advocatis  and  to  report  this  day  aucht  dayes." 


1609. 

8th  November.  "  The  quhilk  day  the  haill  bretherene,  ordinar  writeris  to  the 
signet,  being  convenit  be  directioun  of  my  lord  secretar  and  Mr.  Johnne  Layng, 
kepar  of  the  signet,  according  to  his  lordship's  lettre  and  directioun  as  said  is,  his 
lordship's  missive  lettre  underwrittin,  direct  to  the  said  Mr.  Johnne  Layng,  with  the 
injunctiounis  and  commandis  eftir  specifeit,  ordaining  the  persones  following  to  be 
his  ordinar  commissioneris  for  the  saidis  writteris,  wer  all  red  in  presens  of  the  saidis 
writteris,  that  nane  suld  pretend  ignorance  thairof,  and  ordanit  to  be  registrat  in  the 
register  of  the  actis  of  the  saidis  ordinar  writeris  for  the  better  conservatioun  thairof, 
lykeas  the  saidis  quhais  names  are  following, 

accepit  the  said  commissioun  upoun  thame,  off  the  quhilk  missive  and  injunctiouns 
the  tenour  foUowis  :  My  very  loveing  and  assuired  freind,  the  multitude  of  wryttaris 
to  the  signet  haffing  bred  amonge  thame  selffis  disordour,  and  thairwith  occasioned 
the  disdaine  and  contempt  of  that  place  whiche  in  former  tymes  wes  in  so  muche 
credite,  is  a  matter  no  les  greivous  unto  me  then  to  thame  who  feillis  more  sensiblye 
the  smart  of  it.  The  too  haistye  desyre  of  many  men  to  be  maisteris,  hes  maid  sume 
of  thame  servanttes,  and  no  dowbt  want  of  employment  bringing  with  it  povertie 
will  produce  sone  such  errouris  to  fall  in  thair  handis  as  may  muche  disgrace  the 
place.  Bot  as  I  do  not  intend  to  wrong  any  admitted,  howsoever  unfitt  they  haiff 
bene,  being  unwilling  to  condeme  other  menis  actiouns,  so  the  only  course  whiche  I 
do  heirefter  resolve  to  keip,  is  in  directing  a  stricter  ordour  to  be  observed  in 
depryveing  or  suspending  of  any  quho  sail  heirefter  offend.  I  wald  haiff  yow  thair- 
foir  to  convene  the  hole  number,  willing  every  ane  of  thame  to  tak  ane  copy  from 
yow  of  theis  ordinances  heirwith  sent,  so  that  they  do  not  pretend  ignorance  when 
the  pane  upoun  thair  fault  is  imposed.     Yow  sail  ressaive  the  roll  of  theis  com- 


240        THE  SOCIETY   OF  WRITERS   TO   THE   SIGNET        [1609 

missioneris  quhome  I  wische  sould  asiste  yow,  and  lett  not  preposterous  pitie 
heireftir  (since  thair  is  ane  sufficient  forwarning  maid)  move  ather  yow  or  thame  to 
spair  or  mitigate  the  punishment  imposed,  that  so  quhome  dewtie  can  not  move, 
feare  sail  inforce,  to  walk  warlie  in  thair  calling.  As  for  my  pairt  howevir,  I  do 
not  intend  to  interdict  my  selfif  hollie,  as  unwilling  to  wrong  the  place  I  possesse,  yit 
I  howpe  by  prwife  yow  sail  find  me  moir  spairing  then  perhappis  yow  expect;  and  gif 
yow  with  the  rest  of  the  commissioneris,  by  punisching  of  faultis  and  sieing  of  the 
ordinances  keipit,  will  thairby  kythe  your  affectioun  to  restoir  that  place  to  credeitt, 
I  will  promeise  not  only  to  concurre  with  yow  in  that  actioun,  hot  alsua  to  leive  na 
thing  undone  that  may  retrinche  the  present  supernumerare  fellowschip,  of  quhome 
many,  with  doing  thame  selfiis  small  guid,  do  both  the  place  and  theis  of  best  worthe 
in  that  calling  muche  harme :  Lett  me  thairfoir  by  the  first  goode  occasioun  be 
acquainted  with  your  proceidingis  heirin.  And  quhat  furder  is  thocht  expedient  by 
yow  and  the  commissioneris  to  be  done  and  yeildit  unto  by  me,  if  it  be  within 
compas  of  ressoun  and  without  prejudice,  sail  neaver  be  refuised  by  me.  And 
desyring  yow  heirwith  to  remember  my  hairtye  commendatiouns  to  all  of  [the 
bretheren]  I  rest,  sic  subscribitur,  Roistoun,  xxvth  October,  your  loveing  and 
assured  freind,  Alexr.  Hay.  FoUowis  the  injunctiouns  to  be  observed  be  the 
wryttaris  to  the  signet  in  all  tyme  cuming  under  suche  panes  as  ar  contained  in  the 
samyn." 

1.  This  injunction  is  in  similar  terms  to  rule  No.  3  of  the  former  set  of  in- 
junctions. 

2.  This  rule  is  the  same  as  No.  i  of  the  former  set. 

3.  This  is  in  similar  terms  to  No.  5  of  the  former  rules,  with  this  additional 
clause,  "  and  to  that  effect  that  every  wrytteris  name  be  writtin  upoun  the  bak  of 
the  warrand  quhich  salbe  writtin  or  subscryvit  by  him  heirefter." 

4.  This  rule  is  to  the  same  effiect  as  No.  8  of  the  former  set. 
6.  This  is  to  the  same  effect  as  No.  10  of  the  former  rules. 
6.  This  is  in  similar  terms  to  No.  1 1  of  the  former  rules. 

"  7.  Item  that  all  billis  and  supplicatiouns  to  be  gevin  in  by  any  wryttar  to  the 
signet  to  the  Lordis  of  Sessioun  be  subscryved  by  thame  selflBs  and  nawayes  by  thair 
servandis,  nor  na  utheris,  the  tyme  of  the  sessioun.  And  that  nane  of  thame 
subscryve  ather  billis,  lettres  or  preceptis  wryttin  by  any  uther  wryttare,  nottaris  or 
advocatis  servandis  or  utheris  quhatsumevir  (except  he  be  speciallie  desyred  thairto 
by  ane  ordinar  wryttar  and  wrytt  under  his  hand)  under  pain  of 

deprivatioun." 

"  8.  Item  that  nane  of  thame  mak  any  billis  or  writtis  of  quhatsumevir  qualitie 
or  importance  in  prejudice  of  the  secretaris  office,  under  the  pane  forsaid." 

"9.  That  they  all  obey  the  keipar  of  the  signet  in  writting  missives  or  otheris 
lettres  which  his  majestic  commandis  to  be  wreittin  under  the  pane  of  the  payment 
of  and  to  be  suspendit  frome  writting  till  payment  thairof." 

"  1 0.  Item  gif  ony  lettres  beis  found  by  the  keiper  of  the  signet  raised,  vitiat, 
blaiked,  interlyned  or  anywayes  unbeseiming,  that  the  depute  keipar  ryife  the  lettres, 
and  caus  wrytt  thame  agane  upoun  the  wryttaris  expenss,  and  suspend  him  for 
thrie  monethis  who  sail  subscryve  any  suche  and  send  them  to  the  signet." 

"11.  Item  the  denunciatioun  of  any  wryttar  to  the  home  for  quhatsumevir  caus  to 
infer  suspensioun  of  him  for  thrie  monethis :  and  if  he  continew  rebell  xl  dayes 
unrelaxite  then  he  to  be  uterlie  depryved  without  any  restoring." 


i6o9]  ABSTKACT   OF  MINUTES  241 

"12.  Item  that  no  wryttar  alredy  admitted  to  dimitt  his  place;  and  if  the 
dimissioun  be  oflfered,  albeit  unaccepted,  yit  sail  it  frome  thencefurth  infer  the  de- 
privatioun  of  him  quho  intendit  it,  and  mak  the  other  who  did  thairupoun  sute  for 
admissioun  in  all  tyme  thairefter  uncapable  for  injoying  of  such  a  plaice." 

"  1 3.  That  all  signatouris  conteaning  grantis  of  landis,  or  bukis  which  ar  to  be 
signed  by  his  maiesties  owin  hand,  heirefter  salbe  fair  wreittin  on  parchment,  with- 
out blotting  or  interlyning,  and  thair  salbe  a  greatt  void  left  abone  for  his  majestie 
to  signe,  and  a  large  space  beneth  the  signatour,  and  at  the  corner  or  nuik  of  the 
parchement  belowe,  the  writter  of  the  signatour  sail  testifie  that  [it]  is  correct  and 
hes  bene  examinit  by  him,  and  subscryve  his  name  thairto,  according  to  ane  patrone 
which  is  heirwith  sent  and  is  to  be  heirefter  followed,  and  the  dely  verie  to  any  client 
any  suche  signatour  otherwayes  then  is  befoir  prescryved,  to  be  frome  henceforthe 
for  every  suche  fault  the  suspensioun  of  the  writter,  giver  out  thairof,  for  the  space 
of  thrie  monethis." 

"14.  Item  since  the  habite  suld  distinguische  every  one  in  his  calling,  all  wrytteris 
to  the  signet  ar  heirefter,  induring  thair  stay  within  Edinburgh,  bothe  in  thair 
earning  abrode  in  the  streittis  and  in  thair  wreittin  boathe,  [to]  wear  all  the  day  long 
(except  he  walk  or  ryde  abroade  without  the  towne  for  recreatioun)  a  gowne  in  suche 
forme  as  salbe  sett  downe  by  the  commissioneris  wnder  writtin.  And  that  habite  to 
be  provydit  within  twentie  dayes  after  it  is  appoynted.  And  suche  as  sail  want  it 
to  be  suspendit  frome  using  thair  functioun  untill  they  be  provydit." 

"  1 5.  Item  all  admissions  of  writteris  to  the  signet  frome  hensefurth  salbe  upoun 
recommendatioun  by  the  two  pairt  of  the  commissioneris  underwrittin,  att  leist, 
being  conveaned  togidder  (so  as  thair  consent  be  not  gottin  per  emandicata  siiffragia) 
to  the  secritarye,  of  the  pairtes  sufRciencie  quho  desiris  to  be  admitted.  And 
quhosoevir  sail  suit  warrant  for  his  admissioun  utherwayes  then  is  befoir  prescryved 
sail  thairby  be  declared  uncapable  to  injoy  any  suche  place  heirefter." 

"  1 6.  Item  that  none  do  exceed  the  pryces  conteined  in  the  printed  actis  under 
the  pane  of  suspensioun  for  every  such  offence  for  six  monethis." 

"17.  Item  if  any  writter  being  persewit  or  accused  by  another  for  contravening 
of  the  actis  afoirsaid  or  any  point  thairof,  and  being  guyltie  of  the  same,  and  gif 
thairefter  the  persewar  or  accuser  be  anywayes  minassit  or  injured  be  him  ather 
be  word  or  deid  thairfore,  the  injurer  or  minasser  being  exactlie  tryed  by  the 
commissioneris  underwritten,  sail  for  the  first  fault  be  suspendit  from  using  his 
office  untill  at  the  commissioneris  sight  he  haiflF  satisfeit  the  pairtie  offendit,  and 
for  the  secund  fault  be  depryved  simpliciter  in  tyme  coming." 

"18.  Item  that  every  ane  of  thame  be  commandit  to  tak  a  copye  of  thir 
present  injunctiouns,  so  that  they  may  not  pretend  ignorance  of  any  point  thairof." 

"19.  Item  that  the  keipar  of  the  signet  and  wholl  wryttaris  thairto,  yearlie 
convene  at  tuo  severall  tymes  in  the  yeir,  viz. :  in  the  monethis  of  Apryle  and 
August,  and  att  all  suche  other  tymes  as  they  salbe  warnit  by  the  ordinar  ofl[icer, 
and  thair  the  said  keipar  of  the  signet  with  suche  as  ar  appointit  commissioneris 
for  that  effect  sail  tak  cognitioun  and  ordour  with  all  complaintis  to  be  presented 
before  thame,  according  to  equitie  and  reasoun.  And  if  any  (being  lawfullie 
warnit)  compeir  not  personallie  the  tyme  and  place  appoynted  (having  no  lawfull 
exuis),  salbe  unlawed  in  fyve  pundis  scottis  money,  and  suspendit  from  all  wrytting 
until  the  same  be  payit,  which  is  to  be  convertit  ad  pios  usus." 

"  And  for  better  taking  ordour  heirwith  theis  commissioneris  underwrittin  are 


ft*i        THE   SOCIETY   OF  WEITEES   TO   THE  SIGNET        [1609 

speciallie  maid  choise  of  to  asist  the  said  keipar  of  the  signet  in  trying  offences, 
imposing  of  punishementis,  and  seing  the  particular  injunctiouns  abovewrittin 
speciallie  and  preceislie  keipit." 

(Signed)        JoHNE  Ros. 

"  The  names  of  the  commissioneris — 

Mr.  Williame  Scott.  Thomas  Young. 

Mr.  Johne  Hay.  George  Mak. 

Mr.  Patrik  Ballantyne.  Thomas  M'Awla. 

Adame  Lawtie.  William  Wylie.  . 

Walter  Hendersone.  Antonye  Quhyte. 
James  Kynneir. 

Sic  subscribitur. 


Walthame,  29  Odobris  1609. 


Alexr.  Hay." 


On  15th  November  1609,  David  Wylie  is  convened  before  the  said  com- 
missioneris "in  the  hich  tollauith  of  Edr."  on  the  charge  of  subscribing  bills, 
letters,  etc.,  not  written  by  himself  or  his  servants,  and  not  keeping  "of  ane  oppin 
and  distinct  buith."  Having  confessed  to  both  faults,  and  craved  time  to  provide 
himself  with  a  buith,  the  commissioners  "  being  advysit,  dispensit  with  him  anent 
biganes,"  and  suspended  him  from  writing  to  the  signet,  "quliill  he  tak  up  ane 
oppin  buith." 

On  the  same  day  Archibald  Millar  being  called  for  the  same  faults  confessed, 
"  and  desyrit  that  all  byganes  suld  be  oversene,"  promising  to  keep  the  acts  in  time 
coming.     He  is  suspended  on  the  same  conditions  as  in  the  preceding  case. 

Harie  Wilsoun  is  simpliciter  deprived  for  breaking  the  acts,  "and  specialie 
ane  act  maid  be  his  awin  consent  of  befoir,  quhairby  he  oblist  himself  to  keip  ane 
oppin  distinct  buith  be  him  selff,  and  na  wyis  to  keip  with  him  auld  servandia." 

22d  November.     The  commissioners  convene  in  the  house  of  Mr.  John  Layng. 

David  Moyses  is  cited  for  having  in  his  company  "  ane  Mr.  James  Straucliane, 
ane  commoun  agent  and  nawyis  servand  or  prenteis  to  ane  ordinar  wryter  of  befoir, 
bot  rather  ane  quha  behavit  him  selff  as  ane  maister,  notourlie  knawin  to  the 
bretherene,  with  thre  uther  servandis  lykewyis  knawin  to  the  brether  nather  to  be 
servandis  to  the  said  Mr.  James  Strauchane,  nor  to  the  said  David  :  Alsua  for 
productioun  of  the  said  Davidis  awin  admissioun  nawyis  knawin  to  the  saidis 
commissioneris,  specialie  sen  he  had  not  exerceisit  the  ordinar  wryting  to  the 
signet  for  the  space  of  twentie  yeiris  of  befoir  notourlie  knawin :  The  said  David 
compeirit  and  declairit  that  he  had  na  admissioun;  bot  that  the  keipar  of  the 
signet  of  a  lang  tyme  had  ressavit  ane  warrand  for  affixing  of  the  signet  to  his 
letteris  :  and  grantit  the  having  of  the  saidis  four  servandis."  He  is  suspended  until 
he  obtain  a  new  admission. 

Mr.  Eobert  Bisset,  cited  for  keeping  with  him  one  James  Cunynghame,  "  quha 
besyde  the  said  Mr.  Eobertis  service  wrait  the  register  to  Andro  Couper,  Mr. 
Williame  Scotis  servand,"  compeared  and  confessed  having  the  said  James  with  him, 
and  that  he  wrote  the  register  in  his  buith,  while'  he  was  not  employed  in  his 


i6io]  ABSTEACT   OF  MINUTES  243 

service.  Having  "actit"  himself  not  to  employ  the  said  James  Cunynghame 
under  the  pain  of  deprivation,  the  case  is  concluded. 

Robert  Newlands,  cited  for  subscribing  bills  and  letters  not  written  by  himself 
or  his  servants  in  his  buith,  and  for  not  holding  an  open  buith,  confessed  the  same, 
but  alleged  that  for  letters  so  subscribed  to  one  David  Plumber  he  received  pay- 
ment. The  commissioners  considering  that  the  said  Robert  had  "  sua  aft  "  broken 
the  acts,  deprive  him  simpliciter. 

Intimation  is  made  to  David  Wylie  of  his  suspension  until  he  keep  open  buith. 

27th  November.  Mr.  John  Layng  presented  to  the  commissioners  the  Lord 
Secretary's  letter,  which  was  ordained  to  be  registered  thus: — "Loving  freind,  I 
wrait  to  yow  of  befoir  for  Mr.  Robert  WUliameson,  now  in  fauouris  of  Johne  Ros 
and  Johne  Nicoll.  I  will  close  my  handis  from  all  utheris  except  upoun  deceis,  and 
skairslie  than.  Of  the  date  at  Huntingtoun  the  xix  of  November  1609.  Your 
loving  and  assurit  freind  Alexr.  Hay." 

"  The  brether  thocht  the  wordis  abonewrittin  of  my  lordis  missive  onlie  necessar 
to  be  insert." 


1610. 

26th  February.  Sederunt, — Walter  Hendersoun,  Mr.  Johne  Layng,  Adame 
Lawtie,  James  Kynneir,  Williame  "Wylie,  George  Mak,  Thomas  M'Awly,  and 
Anthony  Quhite. 

Adam  Schore,  accused  of  subscribing  letters  of  one  Mathow  Cuming,  and  others, 
denied,  and  consented  that  if  it  should  hereafter  be  verified,  he  should  be  deprived. 
His  signature  is  appended. 

Robert  Rawsoun,  on  a  similar  charge,  having  also  denied,  subscribes  upon  the 
same  condition. 

Mr.  Robert  Williamson,  being  delated  for  contravention  of  the  Acts,  declared 
he  was  ever  willing  to  keep  them,  and  "  actit "  himself  to  do  so,  and  to  "  cans  his 
servand  Gawin  Blair  gif  ower  his  buith  at  Witsunday  nixt." 

5th  March.  John  M'Gill  being  convened  for  keeping  in  his  buith  Cuthbert 
Miller,  who  was  seeking  admission  as  a  writer  to  the  signet,  it  is  found  to  be 
contrary  to  the  Acts,  and  the  said  John  engages  to  put  the  said  Cuthbert  from  him, 
and  subscribes. 

David  Moyses,  cited  for  having  in  his  buith  other  servants  than  he  had  "  gevin 
up  "  to  the  commissioners,  declared  that  "  he  had  na  uther  servandis  for  the  present 
bot  ane  Johne  Quhippo,"  and  "actit  himself"  to  subscribe  no  letters  but  such 
as  should  be  written  by  the  said  John  "  or  sic  uther  servandis  quhairof  he  suld 
adverteis  the  commissioneris  "  under  pain  of  deprivation. 

John  Gilmour,  cited  for  "keping  of  ane  buith  conjunctlie  with  Mr.  Robert 
Lermonthis  chalmer,"  of  his  own  consent  became  bound  before  Whitsunday  next 
to  remove  from  the  said  "  chalmer,"  or  that  Mr.  Robert  Lermonth  should  remove 
from  him,  and  that  no  other  advocate  should  come  in  his  place,  "  or  than  that  the 
chalmer  suld  be  devydit  be  dur  and  loke,"  under  pain  of  deprivation. 


244        THE  SOCIETY  OF  WKITERS   TO   THE  SIGNET        [1610 

9tli  March.  The  commissioners  ordain  that  no  ordinary  writer  to  the  signet 
in  time  of  session  be  found  -within  the  burgh  of  Edinburgh  "upon  the  gate" 
without  his  gowne  upon  him,  under  pain  of  deprivation :  and  that  no  ordinary 
writer  in  time  of  session  be  found  drinking  in  taverns,  under  the  pain  of  five 
pounds  toties  quoiies. 

"  The  quhilk  day  Abacuk  Bisset  being  convenit  as  alleging  him  to  be  ane  ordinar 
writer  to  the  signet,  and  yit  making  his  residence  in  Aberdene,  the  said  Abacuk 
comperit  and  declairit  that  tuiching  his  residence  in  Aberdene  he  had  ane  dispen- 
satioun :  and  being  demandit  quhairfore  he  had  na  gowne  according  to  the  ordour, 
he  said  he  had  provydit  nane."  The  commissioners  suspend  him  until  he  "  report 
ane  new  testimonial!  of  my  lord  secretar." 

"  The  quhilk  day  the  commissioneris  ordanit  the  haill  bretherene  to  gif  support 
according  to  thair  chirritie  for  help  of  the  pure  Italiane,  Francis  de  Parisco." 

1 2th  March.  Walter  Dick,  cited  for  subscribing  letters  written  by  his  son, 
admitted  the  charge,  whereupon  the  commissioners  "having  consideratioun,  dis- 
pensit  for  bygane  subscryving,"  and  the  said  Walter  acted  himself  to  conform  to 
the  rules  on  that  point. 

Eobert  Stewart  is  suspended  for  not  compearing  to  answer  to  certain  charges, 
and  is  warned  to  compear  that  day  eight  days  under  pain  of  deprivation. 

19th  March.  The  said  Eobert  Stewart,  compearing,  is  accused  of  "subscriving 
letters  for  agentis  and  servandis  to  men  of  law,"  not  written  by  himself  and  his 
own  servants  in  his  buith,  and  for  subscribing  precepts  upon  signatures  not  written 
by  himself,  etc.     He  denies  the  charges,  and  promises  to  observe  the  acts  in  time 


14th  May.  Sederunt,  Mr.  Johne  Layng,  Adame  Lawtie,  Thomas  Young,  William 
Wylie,  James  Kynneir,  Thomas  M'Awlay. 

The  commissioners  ordain  "  that  act  maid  that  na  writter  suld  write  lettres  to 
the  hurt  or  prejudice  of  my  lord  secretar,  his  office,  or  depute  kepar  of  the  signet, 
to  be  exponit  and  understude  as  foUowis  : — To  wit  that  it  sail  not  be  lesum  to  ony 
wryter  to  the  signet  to  contene  in  ane  lettre  ony  ma  commissioneris  preceptis  nor 
ane,  or  ony  decretis  gevin  be  the  lordis,  shireffis,  bailleis  of  regaliteis,  bailleis  of 
burghs,  contractis  or  obligatiounis,  bot  ane  in  every  lettre,  according  as  thair  is 
severall  decretis,  preceptis,  contractis,  or  obligatiounis :  Quhairby  the  kepar  of  the 
signet  be  not  prejugit  in  the  dewitie  of  the  signet,  nor  the  writer  in  his  dewitie  of 
every  lettre." 

At  Edinburgh,  31st  July.  The  Lord  Secretary  ratifies  and  approves  the  com- 
mission aforesaid,  and  the  whole  acts  of  the  commissioners.  The  minute  is  signed 
"  Alexr.  Hay." 

3d  November.  Sederunt,  the  commissioners,  Mr.  John  Layng,  William  Wylie, 
James  Kynneir,  Mr.  Patrick  Bannatyne,  George  Mak,  Anthone  Quhite,  Thomas 
M'Awlay. 

George  Mak  is  appointed  "  to  pas  throw  the  bretherene's  buithis  and  tak  tryall 
quhat  enormities  and  contraventionis  ar  committit  agane  the  actis,"  and  to  report 


i6io]  ABSTRACT   OF   MINUTES  M& 

monthly  to  Mr.  John  Layng  and  the  brethren,  under  the  pain  of  forty  shillings 
each  month. 

31st  July.  "  Sederunt,  my  lord  secretar,  Maister  Johue  Layng,  Maister  Johne 
Hay,  Adame  Lawtie,  Thomas  Young,  Mr.  Patrik  Banuatyne,  Williame  Wylie,  George 
Mak,  James  Kynneir,  Thomas  M'Awlay,  Anthone  Quhite. 

"The  quhilk  day  my  lord  secretar  and  the  commissioneris  foirsaidis  being 
convenit,  upoun  gude  considerations  moving,  his  lordship  and  the  saidis  commis- 
sioneris statutis  and  ordanis  that  in  time  coming  all  personis,  writteris  to  the  signet, 
quhen  thai  salhappin  to  ressave  ony  personis,  prenteissis  to  thame,  sail  at  the  ressait 
of  the  saidis  prenteissis,  mak  ane  indentur  betubdi  thame,  quhairby  the  saidis 
prenteissis  salbe  bund  to  serve  thair  maisteris  for  the  space  of  sevin  yeiris  efter  the 
making  of  the  said  indentur;  and  that  the  saidis  wryteris,  the  tyme  of  the  ressait  of 
thair  saidis  prenteissis  and  making  of  the  saidis  indenturis,  present  the  same  to  the 
commissioneris,  that  ane  recorde  and  note  may  be  maid  in  the  register  buik  of  the 
actis  of  the  saidis  ordinar  wryteris,  of  the  names  of  the  saidis  prenteissis  and  time 
of  thair  indenturis,  that  thairby  the  commissioneris  may  understand  that  the  saidis 
prenteissis  sail  serve  the  haill  yeiris  of  thair  indenturis  before  thai  sail  sute  benefite 
of  ane  ordinar  writer  to  the  signet.  And  that  in  caice  of  deceis  of  their  maisteris 
in  the  menetyme,  the  saidis  prenteissis  be  the  advyse  of  the  saidis  commissioneris 
may  be  directit  to  serve  uther  ordinar  writteris  during  the  said  space  of  sevin  yeiris, 
utherwyis  the  saidis  prenteissis  to  be  uncapable  of  the  benefite  to  the  wry  ting  to  the 
signet,  and  thair  maisteris  ressavaris  of  thame  to  be  simpliciter  depryvit.  And  ordanis 
Thomas  M'Aulay,  clerk  to  the  saidis  commissioneris,  to  ressave  the  saidis  indenturis 
and  note  thairof " 

"  The  said  day  the  said  lord  secretar  and  the  saidis  commissioneris  ordanit 
and  appointit  Richard  Cas  and  Johne  Eistoun  to  be  of  the  nowmer  of  the  commis- 
sioneris." 

William  Speir,  cited  for  contravening  the  acts,  confessed,  and  "  actit "  himself 
to  observe  the  same  hereafter  under  pain  of  deprivation. 

William  Wylie  is  ordained  "  to  subscryve  na  letters  to  Maister  James  Strath- 
auchane,  nor  na  utheris  that  ar  knawin  to  be  his  prenteissis  or  servandis,  and  to 
remove  fra  him  the  said  Mr.  James  and  have  na  thing  to  do  with  him." 

16th  November.  The  said  day  John  Cas  and  James  Stratoun  are  referred  to- 
the  commissioners  for  trial  of  their  qualifications,  "  in  respect  of  my  lord  secretaris 
presentatioun  and  Johnne  Wardlawis  place  vakand." 

The  complaint  of  David  Wylie  for  his  restitution  is  referred  to  a  larger 
meeting. 

3d  December.  "  Sederunt,  Mr.  Johne  Layng,  Mr.  Johne  Hay,  Adame  Lawtie,. 
Kichard  Cas,  Mr.  Patrick  Bannatyne,  George  Mak,  Thomas  Young,  Johne  Eistoun, 
James  Kynneir,  Williame  Wylie,  Anthone  Quhite,  I'homas  M'Awlay."  (No  business 
recorded.) 

2  2d  DECEMBEii.  The  same  sederunt,  except  Adam  Lawtie,  James  Kynneir,  and 
William  Wylie. 

John  Eistoun  and  Anthone  Quhite  report  anent  the  qualifications  of  John  Cas 

2i 


846        THE  SOCIETY   OF  WEITERS   TO   THE   SIGNET         [1610 

.  and  James  Stratoun,  that  they  considered  they  might  be  admitted  as  writers  to  the 
signet.  The  commissioners  thereupon  admit  the  said  persons,  who  swear  to  observe 
the  acts.    They  also  subscribe. 

David  Wylie  is  reponed  on  condition  that  he  keep  the  acts  "and  write  na 
lettres  in  tyme  cuming  hot  with  his  awin  hand,  utherwayis  to  be  simpliciter 
depryvit."     He  subscribes. 

1611. 

14th  January.  Patrick  Small  being  at  the  horn  at  the  instance  of  Mr.  John 
Adamson,  is  suspended  until  he  be  relaxed. 

26th  January.  Compeared  Robert  Rawsoun,  writer,  and  according  to  the  act 
anent  booking  apprentices  "  producit  Johne  Hammiltoun,  sone  to  Gawin  Hammil- 
toun,  indwellar  in  Edinburgh,  his  prenteis,"  together  with  the  indenture  made 
between  them,  and  desired  that  a  note  and  record  be  made  thereof,  which  the 
commissioners  ordained  to  be  done,  and  the  note  is  entered  bearing  that  the 
indenture  was  made  at  Edinburgh  on  1st  January  1611,  and  witnessed  by  Patrick 
Hamiltoun,  notary,  and  Patrick  Hamilton,  locksmith,  burgess  of  Edinburgh. 

Compeared  also  Robert  Kirkwod,  and  produced  James  Lovnie,  son  lawful  to  the 
deceased  Alexander  Lowrie,  burgess  of  Perth,  as  his  apprentice,  with  his  indenture, 
of  which  a  note  is  made  as  above.  The  indenture  is  dated  at  Edinburgh,  2  2d 
November  1610,  and  consenting  thereto  are  Barbara  Blair,  mother  of  the  said  James 
Lowrie,  Mr.  James  Oliphant,  apparent  of  Newtoun,  and  William  Blair  of  Tarsappie, 
as  cautioners;  the  engagement  being  for  three  years,  and  the  "prenteis  fie"  j£  100. 
The  witnesses  are  Alexander  Lowrie,  brother  to  said  James,  and  John  Mudie, 
servant. 

1 2th  March.  "  Delyverit  to  Johne  M'Gill  be  directioun  of  the  commissioneris, 
aucht  pundis." 

24th  March.  Sederunt,  Mr.  Johne  Layng,  James  Kynneir,  Mr.  William  Scot, 
Johnne  Eistoun,  Mr.  Johne  Hay,  David  Wylie,  Richard  Cas,  George  Mak,  Thomas 
M'Awlay. 

Supplications  given  in  by  David  Logane  and  Thomas  Coutis  for  admission  to 
the  signet,  with  their  presentations  subscribed  by  the  secretary,  are  continued  to  the 
next  meeting. 

1 6th  May.  Sederunt,  Mr.  John  Layng,  Richard  Cas,  Thomas  Young,  Mr.  Jamet> 
Skene,  John  Eistoun,  Mr.  Patrik  Bannatyne,  William  Wylie,  George  Mak,  Thomas 
M'Awlay. 

Intimation  is  given  to  all  the  writers  present  that  no  bills  are  to  be  given  to 
any  macer,  "  bot  onlie  to  Mr.  James  Skenes  chalmer,  quhilk  salbe  patent  quhill  ten 
houris  befoir  none  every  day." 

George  Mak,  their  procurator-fiscal,  is  ordained  "  to  pas  throuch  the  haill 
ordinar  writeris  buithis  and  mak  intimatioun  to  thame  that  thai  present  all  thair 
prenteissis  gif  ony  be  ressavit  be  thame  sen  Martinmes  last,"  and  also  "to  cans 
■every  ordinar  writer  write  his  awin  name  and  mark  it  with  his  signe,  according  as 


i6l2]  ABSTEACT  OF  MINUTES  247 

he  intendis  to  subscryve  his  billis  to  be  gevin  in  befoir  the  lordis,  and  to  delyver 
the  saidis  names  and  signes  to  Mr.  James  Skene,  that  he  may  keip  the  same  for 
the  better  knawlege  of  the  saidis  ordinar  wryteris  names  and  subscriptiouns,  as  alsua 
to  try  gif  thair  be  ony  ma  ordinar  wryteris  in  ane  buith  nor  ane,  and  quhat  wryteris 
subscryve  agentis  billis  and  lettres  not  writtin  be  thameselffis  and  thair  awin 
servandis,"  and  any  other  "  enormiteis,"  and  to  report  his  diligence. 

27th  May.  Sederunt,  Mr.  John  Layng,  Mr.  John  Hay,  Richard  Cas,  Thomas 
Young,  John  Eistoun,  George  Mak,  Thomas  M'Awlay,  William  Wylie,  Anthone 
Quhyte. 

Thomas  Coutis  is  ordained  "to  be  tryit  of  his  qualificatioun  this  day  aucht 
dayes,  in  presens  of  the  haill  commissioneris,  conforme  to  the  actis." 

Thomas  Young,  master  to  the  said  Thomas  Coutis,  because  he  had  not  his 
indenture  to  produce,  affirmed  "  upoun  his  conscience  "  that  there  was  an  indenture. 

Absentees  are  ordained  to  be  "  unlawit." 

3d  June.  Sederunt,  Mr.  John  Layng,  Mr.  John  Hay,  Adam  Lawtie,  Thomas 
Young,  Richard  Cas,  Mr.  Patrik  Bannatyne,  James  Kynneir,  George  Mak,  John 
Eistoun,  Thomas  M'Awlay,  Anthone  Quhite,  William  Wylie. 

William  Wylie  is  suspended  until  "he  tak  ane  uther  buith  for  his  wryting 
nor  he  is  presentlie  into,  and  procure  ane  prenteis  to  be  buikit  in  presens  of  the 
commissioneris." 

Mr.  Robert  Bisset,  for  writing  letters  "informalie"  is  fined  £3  for  one  fault. 

All  writers  who  were  at  any  time  agents,  since  the  act  for  discharging  agents, 
to  be  censured  and  "  put  to  pecuniall  unlawis." 

Ist  July.  Sederunt  as  in  previous  minute,  excepting  William  Wylie  and 
Anthone  Quhite. 

Adam  Lawtie,  Richard  Cas,  and  James  Kynneir,  having  been  appointed  to  try 
Thomas  Couttis'  qualification,  report  in  his  favour,  and  he  is  accordingly  admitted 
in  the  usual  manner. 

Commission  by  Sir  Thomas  Hamiltoun  of  the  Byres,  in  favour  of  Adam  Lawtie, 
James  Kynneir,  Richard  Cas,  Thomas  M'Awlay,  and  James  Wynrahame,  or  any 
three  of  them  conjunctly,  in  similar  terms  to  those  previously  recorded.  Subscribed 
at  Edinburgh,  27th  November  1612. 

1612. 

7th  December.  It  is  minuted  that  the  writers  undersubscribing,  having  heard 
the  acts  read,  gave  their  oaths  to  observe  them:  also,  that  the  "haill  ordinar 
wryteris  to  the  signet,"  having  convened  within  "  the  hich  tolbuith  of  Edinburgh," 
the  commission  aforesaid  was  read,  and  intimation  made  to  them  "  of  my  lordis 
resolute  mynd "  for  keeping  the  acts.  The  subscribers  are  "  Johne  Ross,  Johnne 
Nicoll,  Tho.  Couttis,  W.  Stark,  A.  Hay,  Richard  Guthrie,  Jo.  Peter,  D.  Logane." 

It  is  ordained  that  on  the  back  of  all  letters  and  precepts,  the  writer  thereof 
"  write  upoun  the  bak  of  the  saidis  letteris  and  preceptis  thir  wordis,  writtin  be  me 
sdrvand  to  and  that  the  wryter  put  his  name  thairto,  under  pain  of 
deprivatioun."  '.      >  •  -.'   "■■  "j :  • 


248        THE  SOCIETY   OF  WEITERS   TO   THE  SIGNET        [1613 

1613. 

9th  January.  John  Balfour  having  been  duly  cited  for  not  keejjing  open 
buith  and  making  paction  with  agents,  does  not  compear,  and  is  suspended  until  he 
obey  the  summons. 

Abacuk  Bisset  having  given  in  a  supplication  bearing  that  he  was  suspended 
by  the  commissioners  from  writing,  and  desiring  to  be  reponed  so  as  to  "  use  the 
said  office  alsweill  within  the  burgh  of  Edinburgh  as  furth  thairof,  notwithstanding 
the  actis  maid  in  the  contrair,"  the  commissioneris  "  being  advysit "  suspend  the 
said  Abacuk  "  as  of  befoir,  quhill  he  keip  oppin  buith." 

1 6tli  January.  Sederunt,  Adam  Lawtie,  Richard  Cas,  James  Winrahame,  James 
Kynneir,  Thomas  M'Cawlay. 

Mr.  John  Paip,  Robert  Rawsoun,  and  Johne  Ros,  being  "  convenit "  before  the 
commissioners  "  for  using  of  thame  selffis  as  commoun  agentis  in  soliciting  of  the 
lordis,  informing  of  advocatis,  and  passing  of  signatouris  and  infeftmentis  throw  the 
seallis,"  confess  the  fault,  and  are  dispensed  with  "  for  byganes,"  and  act  them- 
selves to  keep  the  rules. 

Thomas  Crambie,  Henry  Oliphant,  and  David  Logane  "  convened  "  for  the  like 
offence,  are  admonished,  and  become  bound  in  like  manner. 

James  Ramsay  having  craved  to  be  "  buikit "  as  servant  to  Robert  Rawsoun, 
the  commissioners  find  that  "  he  culd  nawyis  serve  the  said  Robert  conforme  to  thair 
actis,"  and  the  said  Robert  Rawsoun  is  ordained  to  "  separate  him  selff  fra  the  said 
^ames." 

13th  February.  John  Thomsone  and  William  Speir,  writers,  having  been 
warned  to  compear  that  order  might  be  taken  "  anent  thair  removing  furth  of  this 
burgh  in  sa  far  as  concemis  thair  wryting  to  the  signet,"  they  failed  to  compear ; 
whereupon  "  the  depute  kepar  of  the  signet "  is  ordained  not  to  affix  the  signet 
to  any  letters  or  precepts  to  be  subscribed  by  them,  or  written  by  their  servants, 
until  they  compear. 

"The  said  day  my  lord  secretar  and  his  commissioneris,  understanding  that 
sindrie  of  the  craftis  of  the  burgh  of  Edinburgh  ar  burdening  sum  of  the  wi-yteris 
to  the  signet  to  becum  thair  clerkis,  and  to  keip  thair  assembleis  and  meitingis 
contrare  to  equitie  and  ressoun,  and  to  the  reputatioun  of  the  saidis  wryteris,  quhais 
calling  hes  evir  bene  repute  mair  honourabill  nor  thairwith  to  becum  clerkis  to  sic 
inferior  callingis.  Thairfore  the  said  lord  secretar,  and  his  saidis  commissioneris, 
statutis  and  ordanis  that  it  sail  nawyis  be  lesum  to  ony  wryter  to  the  signet  to  tak 
upoun  him,  in  ony  tyme  cuming,  to  becum  clerk  to  ony  of  the  saidis  craftis  or  trades 
of  the  said  burgh,  bot  to  attend  and  serve  our  soverane  lordis  lieges  in  the  said 
vocatioun  of  wryting  to  the  signet,  quhairby  the  samin  be  not  disgracit  with  the 
saidis  base  and  unworthie  clerkshipis,  under  the  pane  of  deprivatioun.  And  gif  ony 
wryter  hes  already  takin  upoun  him  the  clerkschip  to  ony  craft,  that  fra  this  furth 
he  decist  and  ceis  thairfra,  under  the  pane  foirsaid." 

30th  July.  Anent  the  complaint  given  in  before  the  commissioners  by  John 
Millar  in  Claypottis,  with  concurrence  of  Mr.  James  Stewart,  commissary  of  Dunkeld, 
against  George  Nasmyth,  "  servitor  to  Robert  Kirkwod,  wryter,  "  to  the  effect  that 


i6i8]  ABSTRACT   OF  MINUTES  249 

the  complainei"  having